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The morning call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1878-1895, July 13, 1894, Image 1

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I EVERYBODY
SHOULD GET
'TICTPBESQUE CALIFORNIA" |
VOLUME LXXVI.-NO. 43.
CLEVELAND WILL MOVE FOR ARBITRATION.
An Appeal to the
President
......
MEETS HIS RESPONSE.
Now the Strike Nears Its
End.
PROPOSALS FOR PEACE.
I
Let the Nation Settle the Dif
ficulty.
I PULLMAN CAN BE BOYCOTTED. )
xX'.x
After Hatters Are Adjusted the Great j
: American Public Will Attend
to His Case.
: Washington-, July 11.— Hayes, Maguire
: and French, members of the executive
boatd of the Knights of Labor, called on
: President Cleveland to-day in regard to
: ; the application of the general arbitra
tion law to the pending trouble between
the Fullnian Company and its employes.
.•After the call John VV. Hayes, who is
;• .the general secretary-treasurer of the
. Knights of Labor, gave cut the following
. statement covering the committee's inter
view with President Cleveland:
; "We had an hour's talk with President
Cleveland this afternoon for the purpose
of calling his attention to the atbltration
• act of 1888, introduced in tne House of
Representatives at that time by John
: O'Neill of Missouri. I had full authority
from President Debs of the American
: Railway Union and J. VV. Heatbcoate of
• : - the Pullman employes to represent their
: interests and act on their behalf. The
President seemed pleased to receive us
and immediately opened the subject by
'; referring to the law which the parties in
terested desired to see enforced. An hour
was spent in discussing the various pro
visions of the act, which authorizes the
. President, on his own motion, to appoint
...two arbitrators, together with the United
States Labor Commission, to act as a com
'__ mission of arbitration and investigate and
decide what should be done by either
party to settle the controversy. The com- 1
. mission has all the powers necessary to
. administer oaths, subpena witnesses, etc.
"Tbe President finally decided to ap- j
point the commission, and said he would j
: name the arbitrators either to-morrow or i
. next day. We expect to secure much more !
. from this arbitration than the final settle
ment of the present difficulty in Chicago. |
While that is a great victory for labor
organizations, and everything the A. R. U.
: has fought for, it gives official recognition
. to the justice of their demands for arbitra
: tion, aud it will go much further, for in
v the moments of the future, when the de
•-'. fects of the present arbitration law have
been made apparent by actual experience,
..prompt steps will be taken to amend the
•;• same."
: .---. Maguire, in conversation, admitted that
.; tie executive board did not expect any
:■ thing to come of the general urging of the !
.; impeachment of Attorney-General Olney.
It is officially stated at the While House
"that the President has promised to ap
point an arbitration commission as soon
..-as the disturbance in Chicago has sub
':, sided, so far as the strikers are responsible
; ■ for it, and peace is restored.
It seems that there was a long talk with
... the labor leaders. After discussing the
: various features of the situation for more
.' ; .than an hour the President promised that
• ; if the leaders would return to Chicago and
'- . use their influence toward restoring peace
'■■'■■' he would appoint the commission as soon
•as ihe disturbances had ceased to such an
: extent as to render a careful, thorough.
■ . thoughtful investigation possible. The
; President laid great emphasis on the fact
...that no steps couid he taken in this direc
'A iion until lawlessness had ceased, and
..made . his promise contingent on the
.pledge bf the labor leaders to see to it
'.■': that so far as organized labor is concerned
the trouble at Chicago and elsewhere will
'"-.- immediately disappear. !
'-.There is no disposition on '.he part of
: ; the administration to weaken in the stand
. which it has taken, but the President
fully realizes the gravity of ibe situation,
and while lie will not temporize with
the lawless element he is determined to do
* - all in his power to reach a permanent
.solution of labor questions.
: A telegram was received by the Presi
; dent to-night from President Gompers of
-.the Federation of Labor, asking him to
...come to Chicago or send a representative
..-' to consider with prominent labor leaders
concerning the situation. No answer has
'..-yet been made to tne invitation.
.' Chicago, July 12.— 0n being shown the
• telegram announcing President Cleve
land's purpose to appoint an arbitration
■: board, Mr. Debs said: "We are very
;-.- much gratified to learn of President Cleve
: ; land's decision. It is to be hoped that the
/ board will be promptly appointed and '
organized, and that its work will be prose
cuted vigorously to ths end thai a speedy
•• settlement of the existing conflict shall be
-accomplished. We are, of course, for ar
;•' bitration and have been from the .begin
ning, and- bad this principle been recog
nized this strike wouid have been
'-.': avoided."
APPEALED TO CLEVELAND.
Peace Proposals Submitted by the
Labor Leaders.
.. Chicago, July 12.— The strike situation
throughout the country to-day was in
•-.
• _
The Morning Call.
' general one of quietness. The central |
j point of interest has been the meeting of
: labor leaders with President Gompers of j
; i lie Federation of Labor at their head- j
quarters in this city. It is admitted that;
the action of that body if taken unani- j
' mously will have a marked effect on the !
situation, and persons well informed as to
the predilections of the persons composing
it express the opinion that unanimous ac
tion by it, except in the direction of quiet
ing tbe present agitation or turning it into
other channels, is unlikely. It is known
that several suggestions are being consid- !
> ered by these leaders. Among tbem are i
I the following:
First— the striking Pullman em- j
I ployes on high patriotic grounds appeal to j
111
ARRIVAL OF THE MARINES ON THE FERRY-BOAT ALAMEDA.
President Debs to declare the strike off by |
reason of infinite damage which is being j
done to the business of the country.
Secoud— That the leaders unite In an ap- ;
peal to the public to quit patronizing Pull
man sleeping cars, drawing-room and
dining cars. •
I
Third— That President Cleveland be re
quested to appoint a committee to investi- I
gate the strike and the causes which led I
to it, in expectation that the report of such |
commission would justify the action taken '
by tbe strikers and free them from the
charges of rioting and disorder.
Fourth— Tbat immediate efforts be made
to secure the impeachment of Attorney-
General Olney.
Fifth— an effort be made to secure
the passage of a compulsory arbitration
law by Congress.
Sixth— Tbat complaints be lodged look
ing to the indictment of the railway mana
gers for conspiracy to obstruct the move
ment of United States mails by refusing to <
run mallcars except in connection with ,
Pullmans.
The following telegram was sent to
President Cleveland this afternoon by the
American Federation of Labor:
The gravity of the labor situation of the
country demands extraordinary and excep
tional action of a conciliatory character at the
bands of all men. Recognizing this fact, the
executive board of the American Federation of
Labor and the undersigned executive officers
of the National and national Trades Union
and brotherhood of railway organizations of
America are ln conference In this city. We
ask you In the name of the working people and
the entire citizenship of our country to lend
your Influence and give us your aid so tbat tbe
present Industrial crisis may be brought to an
end alike to the advantage of the people of our
country and the institutions under which we
live. We therefore ask you to come to Chicago
and meet this conference, or If the state of
public business does not warrant such a course,
that you will deputize some one as your repre
sentative.
Executive council American Federation of
Labor.
Samuel Gompers. president.
I*. J. McGuire. first vice-president.
(J. L. Dkummojo), second vice-president.
James Bretelle, third vice-president.
William Marden-, fourth vice-president.
John B. Lennox, treasurer.
Chris Evans, secretary, and representatives
of all organizations present.
The telegram- was addressed to "the
President of'tbe United States."
Mr. Debs was to-day more confident of
the success of his cause than at any time
since the strike began.
"I feel that this day is fraught with the
utmost importance," said he. "As I view
the situation vow it presents a more
favorable outlook for us than ever before.
The excitement and turbulence invariably
incident to the lapse of a great upheaval
is past. The strife and turmoil are ele
ments that have 'passed in the night.'
One is enabled to obtain a clear perspec
tive of the sense of the immense conflict
now waging. A cool-headed and steady
purpose has succeeded passion and diverse
contention. Now public sentiment can
calmly and truly judge of tbe right and
wrong in this struggle.
"All these things, I say, tend to
SAN FRANCISCO, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 13, 1894.
strengthen our position. Wben the mass
of tbe people are aided in rendering an
impartial verdict on the merits of the case,
1 feel certain we will not be defeated in
public opinion. Indeed, we are now
deemed in the right by the majority of the
64.000,000 inhabitants of this country, and
as the adage has It, '\\ hen sure you are
right then go ahead,' so we shall fight It
out until cur aims are accomplished."
"Then any reports that you are prepar
ing to give up the struggle are not true,
Mr. Debs?"
"Most emphatically they are not. Tele
graphic rumors may say that I have sent
word to our men In this city or that they
are about to throw up the sponge, but they
may be labeled as falsehoods without the
I necessity of a denial. Our stand is this: '
| We have at all times shown a willingness
5 to make a reasonable settlement of the ;
! difficulties that confront the country. We j
; have even gone beyond what should be
demanded of us to arrange for arbitration, I
I each time to be rebuked ; but we are going j
Ito 6tay in the strike until the last We i
I shall never yield. I attach no little atten- r
j tion to th« meeting at the Biggs House to- I
I nignt, for I am in hopes it will bring about j
[ some method of organized movement on s
; organized labor's part. Unionism should i
'^^(^\iMM^\m s Hi I! Fill I
AN OAKLAND STRIKER ON HORSEBACK TRYING TO HOLD HIS GROUND AGAINST THE SHERIFF AND POLICE.
present a solid phalanx to the enemy, and
I believe it will."
LABOR LEADERS CONFER.
Debs Hopes They Will Stand With
the A. R. U.
Chicago, July 12.— The Federation ex
ecutive committee convened at 11 o'clock.
Among the national labor organizations
represented were: Printers, cigar-makers,
painters and decorators, carpenters, brew
ers, trainmen, miners, firemen. Building
and Trades Council, bakers, tailors, iron
and steel workers, musicians, machine
woodworkers and seamen, said to repre
sent about 600,000 men. President Gom
pers presided. The strike situation from
its inception was fully investigated. It
was generally believed no decision as to
the action of the Federation of Labor
would be reached before to-morrow, as
neither Debs nor Sovereign was present,
although it was announced that Debs
would ba called before the conference
closes. It was apparent that the Knights
of Labor were not looked upon with favor.
The cigar-makers represented that 6000
are on strike.
i The evening session of tbe executive
council of the American Federation of
Labor was held at the Briggs House with
closed doors. Very soon after 8 o'clock
President Debs of the A. K. U. appeared
in response to the invitation sent bim this
afternoon by President Gompers. Mr.
Debs was introduced to the conference by
Mr. Gompers and told in detail the his
tory of the strike. He then went on at
length to tell what had been done In the
boycott, of the number of people
who had gone out as strikers and of
the sympathizers who had come forward
for their encouragement. He explained
the line of action here in Chicago and else
where throughout the country. He said
he was most elated over the work which
had been accomplished. The American
Railway Union had brought about one of
the greatest strikes tbls country had ever
seen, and he hoped to see it carried
through to a grand success. He had no
doubt that this could be done most effect
ually with the alliance with the American
Federation ot Labor and the other labor
organizations. He asked the Federation
of Labor to give the American Railway
Union whatever assistance they could in
they work they were doing in behalf of
the workingmen of this country.
At the conclusion of Mr. Debs' speech,
Mr. Gompers took the floor and spoke at
some, length. He counseled moderation
and, while avowing the most profound
sympathy for the Pullman employes, as
well as the American Railway Union, he
hoped for a wise and peaceful solution of
the difficulties, a solution which would
restore business activity and yet protect
the rights of organized labor.
At 11 o'clock Mr. Debs retired to bis
hotel, leaving the meeting still in session.
The conference lasted until 12:30 A. M.
_nd was marked by several heated argu
ments, the hotheads being in favor
of a strike at once, while the
more conservative counseled modera
tion. No decision was reached, and the
meeting adjourned until to-morrow morn
ing. At the close of the session President
Gompers was asked if the Federation of
Labor would be willing the present strike
should be called off. relying on the moral
force of the Government to effect arbitra
tion. Gompers said: "To call off the
strike would be for one of the parties, that
one, of course, the workingmen, to surren
der; and after peace is restored there would
be nothing to arbitrate."
LABOR DEMONSTRATION.
All of the Speakers Denounced
Cleveland and Olney.
New Yoiik, July 12.— The labor demon
stration hold to-night in Cooper Union to
express sympathy with the strikers in
Chicago and the West was an extraordi
nary gathering of people. The hall waa
crowded to excess and 3000 people sur
rounded the building unable to get in.
The meeting was a vehement one in the
manner it expressed its convictions. The
name of President Cleveland was received
with such a storm of hisses and bootings,
that Henry George who was speaking, had
to cry, "What's the use?"
Damet Harris presided and introduced
Henry George, who was the star speaker
of the evening. The apostle of the single
tax was unusually bitter. Vehemently he
denounced the use of Federal troops to put
down the strikers. Governors Altgeld aid
Stone were right in the stand they took,
and the action of the President in sending
out troops was an arrogant assumption of
State authority. Mr. George said he
would rather see all the railway property
of the country burned up, all the rails torn
up. than to see them preserved by force of
arms. The millionaires made their money
by robbery and debauchery, by the pur
chases of Judges and legislatures, and
now tbey wanted to preserve them by the
bayonet and the arms of the Federal
troops, and for that purpose the rights of
States were being encroached upon by the
Federal authorities.
Mr. George then entered into a lengthy
condemnation of President Cleveland and
his employment of Federal troops in the
West. Every mention of the dent's {
name was received with hisses. When Mr.
George asked:
"What are you going to do about it?"
A voice snouted out, "Impeach him I"
"Hang blm!" shouted another.
Nearly everybody followed with sugges
tions until the hall was in an uproar.
Mr. George differed from all the remedies
proposed by his hoarers. The system, he
said, would have to be fundamentally
changed. Strikes were useless, .and al
ways resulted in failure. At this point
the speaker drifted into his well-known
single-tax theories and told his audience
things would be better when his theories
shall have been adopted.
After Mr. George had finished a telegram
was received from Samuel Gompers at
Chicago asking that tho voice of labor
might be heard from New York and ad
vising calmness and assuring them of final
success.
Frank K. Foster, a lawyer of Boston,
was the next speaker. He, too, denounced
President Cleveland and Attorney-General
Olney. Cleveland and Olney, he said,
would pass away, but the labor power
would finally carry all before it. It was a
movement of evolution, not revolution,
and when the wave was strong enough
God belp tbe Pullmans, the Carnegies and
the Olneys.
Father Thomas B. Ducey, pastor of St.
Lee's Church, said the criminal in this
case was not President Debs, but Presi
dent Pullman. The trouble arose out of
the arrogant attitude of the latter, who
said there was nothing to arbitrate. In
conclusion be affirmed bis belief in the
righteousness of the cause of the present
strike.
The resolutions adopted commended the
decisive action of the A. R. U. in demand
ing arbitration. Little sympathy was ex
pressed with violence, but the resolutions
demanded the removal of conditions pro
vocative of violence.
Of the authorities at Washington the
resolutions said:
"We denounce and condemn that per
version of the functions of the Federal
judiciary by which unprecedented orders
granted manifestly on untrue allegations
are made the basis for the assumption of
military authority.
"The unwarranted and anti-republican
interference of the Federal Government
with the affairs of the States, even in spite
of the protests of their Governors, is a
usurpation of power which should be con
demned by all liberty-loving Americans."
The Government was declared to be iv
the interest of corporations and conspiring
against the liberty and civil rights of
citizens. The Senate was denounced for
rushing to the defense of monopolies and
corporations in the sacred name of liberty.
Sympathy was extended to the people of
California, and Congress is asked to fore
close the nation's mortgages on the Pacific
railroads.
In conclusion the workingmen were
called upon to use their political rights.
DANGER FOR PULLMAN.
Only the . Presence of the Troops
Prevents an Outbreak.
Chicago, July 12.— An important change
in the military work being done at Pull
man was made to-day. Colonel Turner
ordered city troon A, FirU Cavalry, to get
out their horses and patrol the town.
They spent the day in clattering around
the sections where the strikers live, and
executed movements that bewildered the
workingmen with their mystery and their
magnificence.
A deliberate attempt was made this
morning at 3 o'clock to assassinate Picket
M. A. Page Jr. of Company B. Page was
on guard on the tracks at Ford ham when
a man appeared at the door of a saloou a
short distance away and fired a shot at
him. The bullet missed and the man dis
appeared. Page was not injured.
Concerning .the situation with Pullman
a prominent State militia officer said to
day: "It is all very well to say that the
backbone of the strike is broken. It is
broken because the soldiers are here. No
one knows better tban we do that if this
battalion were to leave Pullman a howl
ing, yelling mob would rush on the town
Inside of ten hours, and I would not give
25 cents for what would be left of all these
big buildings. Things are quiet, but it is
a suppressed quiet."
Colonel Turner said: "I bave no .-"tea
when it would be well to call the soldiers
from this district. I believe serious things
would happen if Pullman were left unpro
tected."
RAN OVER DYNAMITE.
Close Call for a Train on the Balti
more and Ohio.
Chicago, July 12.— A guard train on the
Baltimore and Ohio last night ran over a
large quantity of dynamite this side of
South Chicago, and it exploded with a ter
rific report. No special damage was done,
however, and no one was injured, although
the explosion deafened the engineman and
nearly threw the train from the rails. The
shock was folt by every one on the train,
and the guards on the rear platform were
nearly thrown from their seats. The pas
senger train was following close behind
and both trains stopped. No damage be
yond the disturbance of some trivial parts
of the locomotive had resulted. Both
trains proceeded on their way. For two
miles along this part of the track the coun
try is sparsely settled aud there is no
patrol of any sort. On the return of the
soldiers it was determined hereafter to
send out two lieutenants instead of one
with the guard traio, and in case of a
repetition of last evening's work, to stop
the train immediately, deploy a skirmish
line and capture any one who may be near.
Two mysterious explosions, one follow
ing closely after the other, were heard in
the vicinity of Ashland avenue and Forty
seventh street about midnight. Officers
were detailed to make an investigation,
but their labors resulted in no clew. As
far as could be learned no damage was
done, but the noise of the explosions was
deafening, and was heard with great dis
tinctness as far as Englewood. The local
ity from which the explosion seemed to
come is the center of an anarchist settle
ment at the stockyards, and the people at
the stockyards are of the opinion that the
explosions were the result of experiments
in the use of explosives by a rabid an
archist
George W. Lovejoy of La Salle, 111., a
prominent member of the A. R. L ., waa
arrested last night as he was stepping off a
Rock Island train at the Van Buren street
depot by Deputy Marshal Logan on a war
rant issued by Commissioner Hayne.
Lovejoy was ayardmaster in the employ
of the Rock Island road, and he is charged
with intimidating John T. Campbell, a
telegraph operator in the employ of the
road at Spring Valley, on July 4.
When Lovejoy reached the Marshal's
office he at once wrote a note to President
Debs and sent it to the strike headquar
ters by a messenger. He was kept a pris
oner in the office of the Marshal, but lie
was not locked up in the jail. Lovejoy
said he was at Spring Valley when he
beard that a warrant had been issued for
him at Chicago and came to the city to
give himself up. He denied all knowledge
of any attempt on his part to intimidate a
telegraph operator.
"I have committed no lawless acts since
this trouble began." said he, "for I knovv
what the consequences of such conduct
would be."
Lovejoy was a delegate to the recent
national convention of the Railway Union
in this city, representing the lodge at La
Salle.
The switchiug department of the stock
yards resumed work to-day, but on a lim
ited scale. The department has not han
dled any Dtickinn-house product, for the
reason that the work was done by engines
leased for the time to the packers, and the
engineers and foremen were employes of
tbe company or packing-house. Brother
hood engineers have told Superintendent
Fitzgerald that they will return to work.
The strike spread during the morning to
about 800 men employed as meat-cutters,
roustabouts and general laborers. The
packers said the strike would amount to
only temporary inconvenience. Guards
surrounded all the packing-houses. Swift,
Armour and Morris are buying all the live
stock offered, and are killing and shipping
as fast as possible. For every butcher on
the strike two stand asking for employ
ment.
The Stockyards Switching Association
posted notices to-day that old employes
who reported io-motrow morning would
be reinstated, but after that time their
places would be filled by strangers.
The following communication has been
sent to the Secretary of War:
The undersigned, national commander of tbe
recular army and navy unions, tenders the
service of 50,000 ex-sailors and soldiers wbo
bave laitbfully served In the army and navy of
the United States for sucn duty as maybe
uecessary In tbe present crisis. We believe In
tbe protection of life and property and the en
forcement ot all tbe laws that will maintain
popular government. James P. Lock wood.
- A meeting of e.x-Unlun and ex-Confed
DODO. VICAR OF WAKEFIELD. I
Ships That Pass in the Night.
The Man from Mars. Dora Thorne.
The Lady of The Lake.
250 OTHER CHOICE SELECTIONS.
See Book List.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
erate soldiers took similar action to-day.
It is thought tbat ihe engineers havo
commenced to regard their strike as lost.
Many Rock Island employes who realized
what was approaching feigned sickness.
They were called in by the company and
told they must show their hands, and if
too sick to work they must become Deputy
Marshals. These Marshals expect to go
to work now when called. Wabash en
gineers have gone back, and the Monou
engineers are expected to follow to
morrow.
SLOWLY COLLAPSING.
The Great Strike Is About at an
End Now.
Chicago, July 12.— The strike at the
Union Stockyards is now seemingly a
thing of the past and within a few days all
business connected with the yards will be
running a. if no strike had ever taken
place. For the past two days profound
quiet has prevailed in that district. The
leaders and their sympathizers are willing
to go back to work. No disorder has been
reported. The expert butchers of Armour,
Swift & Morris are ordered to strike, but
the order was only heeded by about half
the butchers.
Managers of the Western Union, Postal
and North American Telegraph Compa
nies have been subpenaed at Chicago,
Milwaukee and various other cities to ap
pear and produce the telegraphic corre
spondence of President Debs and others
connected with the Pullman boycott. The
Federal Grand Jury resumed its investi
gation of the strike cases to-day. This
afternoon newspaper reporters were sub
penaed.
The General Managers' Association has
decided to discontinue its information
bureau to-morrow, alleging the strike
troubles are practically oyer.
Debs sr.ys there is no foundation for the
statement that he had engaged Robert G.
Insersoll as counsel.
W. VV. Erwin, who has been secured to
defend President Debs and the directors
of the A. R. U., arrived in tbis city to-day
from St. Paul, in company with General
J. S. Coxey of Massillon, Ohio. Mr. Erwin
said he had not sufficient knowledge of
ihe situation to talk about it. Johu F.
Getting, Mr. Debs' old attorney, will act
as Mr. Erwin's coadjutor in the courts.
At noon to-day the union machinists
threw down their tools and joined in tho
general sympathetic strike which was in
augurated yesterday. As is usual in such
cases, the strike affects the large shops far
more than the smaller ones, where only a
few men are employed. Promptly at 12
o'clock the 700 men employed by Frazer &
Chalmers laid down their tools and went
on strike. Before doing so they had noti
fied President VV. J. Chalmers of their in
tention and held a long conference, where
in the men stated their position. They
said they had no complaint against the
company nor any grievance of any kiud,
but had been ordered to strike out of sym
pathy and would do so to show their senti
ments.
Mr. Chalmers made a speech in which
be said he hoped that the strike would
cause no bard feeling between the com
pany and its employes, and with a hand
shake and well wishes all around the men
left, and, where a few minutes before the
big shop had been bustle and confusion,
all was silent
Over 100 men employed by the Gates
Iron Company walked out at the same
hour, and a number of other shops were
affected.
Denver, July 12 —The member of the
A. R. U. executive committee of this dis
trict has started for Chicago whither he
has been summoned by President Debs for
a conference. Members of the union re
fuse to give the committeeman's name, lt
is understood that members of the execu
tive committee from all ovor the country
have been called to Chicaeo.
BREAKS IN ALL DIRECTIONS.
It Seems That the Trouble Is About
at an End.
Kansas City, Mo., July 12.— 1n a pri
vate letter to Colonel Stone of this city
Governor Stone of Missouri declares that
be has been misunderstood in his contro
versy with United States Marshal Shelby
and President Cleveland. The letter adds :
"If a condition should be brought about in
St. Louis such as now exists in Chicago,
which God forbid, I would not hesitate a
minute to ask the President to send troops
to the city. But if the President should,
without any seeming necessity, without
conference with the State authorities, send
these troops into the city and order them
there to do police duty, I would protest
against it as an insult and an infringement
upon the sovereignty of the State."
"The line between the State and Federal
Government has been well drawn by the
constitution and by repeated and even re
cent decisions of the Supreme Court of tho
United States, and the Supreme Couits of
the States. We should be slow to estab
lish precedents that may be the basis of
dangerous aggression at another time.
The soil of Missouri is a part of tbe terri
tory over which the United States has,
within proper constitutional limits, su
preme authority. But tbe authority of
these Federal officials is hedged about by
constitutional and statutory limitations
and they have no right to exceed them,
for when they do tbey trespass upon and
disparage the authority of the State."
Toledo,, July 12.— A1l tbe trunk-line
roads are moving tbrough freights. There
has been not the slightest interruption of
passenger traffic for several days. It is
believed there will be no more serious
trouble.
The strikers on the Wabash system re
turned to work to-day. This action opened
the blockade.
While Lewis Potts, one of the Lake
Shore switchmen, was running a pony
engine in the yards at noon to-day, he was
fired on by some unknown person from
behind some freight cars. Five shots were
fired, one grazing his neck and another
wounding him. The assailant escaped.
St. Louis, July 12.— At a meeting of the
Building Trades Council last night a reso
lution to strike this morning was unani
mously carried, but action was recon
sidered later and it was decided to send
delegates to a general labor conference.
.Saturday night, and abide by its decision
Cincinnati, July Another omnibus
injunction was issued against E. V. Debs
and others by Judge Taft in the Uuited
States Circuit Court to-day on application
of the general counsel of the Wheeling
and Lake Erie Railroad.
Chicago, July 12.— A special dispatch
to the Times from Cincinnati says: Dis
trict Master Odell of the local assembly of
the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen
has called out all the men of his assembly.
Odell has just returned from Terra Haute,
where, it is said, a meeting of prominent
members of the brotherhood was held, aud

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