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THE SECRETS OF THE 8PB1NO.
Come out and hear the robins sing,1
And hoar the bluebirds' tale of.spring , "
And BCO the Bjvdllnws on the wins.
Como out and listen , listen low ,
And hear the grasses as they grow ,
And list the little winds that blow.
And learn to read their secret well
The secret that they softly tell
To bird and bee in drowsy dell.
Of bloomy banks that are to be ,
Of fragrant field and leafy tree ,
And all the summer mystery.
Of bud , blossom , flower'andjfruit ,
That quickens now in sap and root ,
And now in tender springing shoot.
Como out , come out , the days are long ,
But Nature sings her sacred song
In secret ways the days are long. *
But swift as sweet from day to day ,
From hour to hour the tuneful lay
Buns headlong on a changeful way.
Come out , then , in the early glow
Of early springtime's bud and blow ,
Come out and hear the grasses grow.
And all the secrets of the spring
That melt and murmur , speak and sing.
To ears attuned to listening.
[ Nora Perry.
GREATEST AMERICAN CONGRESS.
An Interview "With Samuel Calvin , Con
gressman in 1848.
"Washington at the time of my elec
tion had about forty thousand inhabi
tants , and was scarcely suggestive of
the place as it now is. We had then
only the old or central portion of the
capitol. The leading hotels were the
National , Willard's , Brown's , now the
Metropolitan , and Gadsby's. Of these
the National took the lead. Omni
buses plied upon the streets in lieu of
street cars , yet wo had a familiarity
with each other and with the people of
the place which is unheard of now.
Going into a hotel I would know
everybody , but now every face is
strange. Only a little while ago a grey-
haired old man spoke to me , though I
myself failed to recognize one 1 had
known very well in the old times. In
the house ! ah , there were giants in
those days. Massachusetts sent Win-
throp and Mann ; Georgia , Toombs ,
Stevens and CobD ; Ohio , Giddings ,
Roat and Schenck ; Pennsylvania ,
Strong , Stevens and Chandler ; North
Carolina , Stanley. Mr. Giddings , the
oldest member , once declared in my
hearing that this was the ablest house
of all preceding legislative bodies , but
that at the same time it was the most
inefficient. The slavery agitation the
compromise measures occupied and
distracted the whole time and atten
tion of the session , which closed on
the last day of September , 1850 , after
a continuous session of ten months.
This session was She last opportunity
of seeing the giants together in the
senate. Mr. Calhoun died in 1850 , and
on Fiilmore's succession to the presi
dency in July of the same year Mr.
Webster was transferred from the sen
ate to the state department. Benton's
term expired with that congress , and
Clay died in 1852. At the same time
Seward , Cass , Berrien , Bell and Doug
las were also members of the senate.
Ah , what a body of men it was !
"Of these great men Webster seemed
to me most conspicuous. I remember
him as a large , stout man in appear
ance , about six feet tall , full-chested
a magnificent specimen physically ,
with enormous head , dark eyes and
hair and very dark sfcin. He was the
most solemnly majestic man I ever saw.
I never saw him laugh and scarcely
saw him smile. After the passage o1
the compromise measure , in the sup
port of which ho had risked his status
with the north , he for the first time ir
my acquaintance with him looke.
pleasant. There was nothing person
ally attractive about him , neither w&
there anything pretentious or assumim
in his appearance or manner , but his
innate colossal grandeur overawed and
repelled most men. You did not see a
crowd around him as around Clay ;
men would stand back and say , 'There
goes the God-like Daniel. ' Yet I am
told that at his dinner table , when
thawed by a little brandy , he was ex
tremely genial and full of wit and re
partee , all present listening to him in
silence. In speech , as in physical
movement , he was somewhat slow and
sluggish , but when worked up he was
awfully grand , using the Euglish Ian-
.guage in all its simplicity and powei ,
I can't describe Webster's eloquence-
no man can-do that but 'awful gran
deur' comes as near a faint conceptior
of it as I can conceive.
CLA.T THE CONTROLLING SPIRIT.
"Mr. Clay was much unlike Web
ster ; he was remarkably kind , genia
and social , with more personal magnet
ism than any one I ever knew
Wherever found there was sure to be i
crowd of men , women or childrer
about him. His name was on everj
one's lips , uttered in tones of love anc
affection. He was the great mastei
spirit among these men. Although nol
intellectually the equal ofVebster
yet he was the controlling spirit in ever ]
legislative body with which he wai
connected. He was a man of the high
est honor , integrity and patriotism , :
man of strong convictions and of mos
indomitable courage and firmness am
as brave as ever lived , born to com
mand one of the kings of men.
"In person Clay was tall , over sb
feet , quite slender and , unlike Bentoi
or Webster , had not great persona
strength. His speech was eloquen
and impassioned , remarkably sympa
thetic and magnetic. Webster awe (
by his lofty grandeur. Clay excitec
love and admiration. It was said tha
were Webster to lose'his head it woul (
be the end of him , but if a simila
mishap should befall Clay he woulc
still bo a preat orator and patriot.
"With Calhoun I had little persona
intercourse or acquaintance. Ho wa
the great leader of the nullification ant
secession movement , and I , as an ar
dent partisan Whig , was much preju
diced against him. But his was i
mighty intellect ; his mind was pro
found , analytical and metaphysical.
Like Clay , he was a thin , spare man ,
but not-Eo tall. Hte head was covered
with thick black and gray hair , gener
ally cut. quite close , standing erect ;
black , piercing eyes , and complexion-
dark. His general appearance indi
cated a proud , haughty , disappointed
and chafed spirit , and his political
enemies called him John 'Cataline1
Calhoun. To my prejudiced mind he
often reminded me of Sallust's graphic
picture of Cataline , but ho was a man
of lofty and irreproachable character.
In 1850 his health was so poor that he
was unable to deliver his last speech ,
but had it read.
' Benton was a large , fat man. His
vanity , egotism and pomposity was re
markable , and when he arose to speak
in the senate , there waS that in his air
and manner that proclaimed ; 'Let all
the world keep silence ; I , Thomas H.
Benton , of Missouri , speaketh.1 And
everybody kept silent , tou , for he spoke
as few men could speak. I heard what
he himself called his 'sarsaparilla
speech , ' against the compromise meas
ures , and it was one of the grandest
efforts of the Thirty-first congress.
Benton had been the Ajax Tellemon of
the Jackson administration , and often
on the stump I had fairly burst my
suspenders denouncing him , but when
I really knew him I found that he
hated secessionists and fire-eaters
worse than even I could do. I ad
mired him about as I did Clay ; he was
a thoroughly honest , patriotic and bold
man , a man of strong convictions , great
research and almost unlimited ability.11
The narrator stopped and fixed a
sharp gaze upon his interlocutor.
"Here , Pve been talking a full two
hours , young men,11 he said , "hardly
knowing but that I was back in the old
halls a wain. Yon must excuse me
from talking further. I never was
much of a politician , but I have been
through what few now living can boast
of the greatest congress of American
Mr. Lincoln's Safety Deposit.
Fiom the Indianapolis Sentinel.
Abraham Lincoln , while a resident
of New Salem , 111. , followed various
avocations. With all the rest he was
"storekeeper11 and postmaster. On a
certain occasion one of his friends ,
having : learned that an agent of the
postoifice department a
mer11 were in the village the former
to collect what was due the govern
ment from Lincoln , as postmaster , the
latter to receive from him , as trader ,
what was owing the firm represented
by himself and knowing that Lincoln
was never overburdened- spare
funds , went to the store and offered to
lend him sufficient to meet the claims
he was so soon to be called upon to
settle. "You are very kind,11 said
Lincoln , "but I do not think I shall re-
quire-your assistance.11 "Within a few
minutes the agent entered their pres
ence , and Lincoln took an old stocking
from a drawer , out of which he poured
a lot of copper and silver coin the
latter mostly in pieces of small denomi
nation. "There is the very money I
have taken on account of the postof-
fice , " he remarke'd to the agent , "and
I think you will find it the exact amount
due you. " It was to a cent. Thte
business had hardly been concluded
when in came the "drummer. " Lin
coln had recourse to another old stock
ing , with a similar result. So soon as
the two were again by themselves the
friend said : " 1 suppose were a third
creditor to present himself a third
stocking would enable you to settle
with him , " smiling. "Yes , " returned
the future president. "Look here , "
and he held up three other stockings.
"In each of these is the sum I severally
owe to three parties , the only persona
in the world to whom I am pecuniarily
indebted. I see you are amused at my
method of transacting business. I
never allow myself to use money that ia
route , and not 24 as stated last week.
One of the clerks also informs us that
they need two more clerks to handle the
immense amount of papers and letters
carric.d through to Colorado , and that
the cars now on the run afford poor fa
cilities for handling the mail. They !
have the promise of better cars fro
the Q. soon.
From aiitjtier hi Boston Post.
Both the Packer boys , Kobert and
Harry , were treated like equals by
their father and mother. In the little
village where this good old man lived
there was a summer hotel , which was
patronized considerably during the sea
son , young Harry Packer often taking
his meals there. A young girl riamed
Lockwood , the daughter of a respecta
ble citizen living near the village , came
in to assist waiting on the table. The
frequency of , Harry Packer meals at
the hotel attracted some attention , and
his brother Robert , "Bob-as he was
familiarly and affectionately called by
almost all who ever knew him , said
one day before the father and Harry at
the breakfast table that Harry was
stveet on a little girl down at the hotel
and that was the reason he bid not
come to his meals regularly. Harrj
colored.up a little and after they had
finished their breakfast the old judge
seated himself on the front porch ,
which overlooks Hauch Chunk and
gives such a magnificent view of the
Lehigh valley , the moving boats
and trains , which his own industry had
created and brought together , the olt
gentleman said : "Harry , who is thu
girl Robert refers to ? "
"Miss Lockwood , father , the daugh
ter of a man you know very well. "
"Are you going to marry her , Har
ry ? " said the judge.
" 1 have some notion of it , father,1
L "Well , wait till 1 go down and se <
her , " said the judge , and then pick
ing up his old white hat and cane , thi
judge quietly ambled down to the hole
and asked for Miss Lockwood. Shi
L innocently came into the office of th <
hotel , with her dining-room apron on
and seated herself beside the judge
Just what he said to her , or she to him
will never be exactly Known unless shi
tells it , but when the judge came ou
he was smiling and appeared might ;
well pleased. He went home an !
found Harry still sitting on the pore ]
where he had left him. By this time
the judge's face had resumed its usual
crave but kind expression. "Well }
Harry , " he said , "that is a very nice
girl uown there , but she'has-no .money.
We'must raise her some. "
The old judge put down his memor
anda for § 50,000 , the mother and the
others for $25,000 each , and this $160-
000 was placed in the bank to the ex
clusive and immediate credit of Miss
Lockwood ; the engagement was an
nounced , the wedding day fixed , the
marriage took place and Harry Packer
got the girl he liked.
Ell Perkins as a Mason and a News
Interview In Oil Cltr Derrick.
Eli Perkins passed through Oil City
yesterday en route for New Xork. He
said he had been recently made a Koyal
Arch Mason. Our reporter found Mr.
Perkins at the depot. He was intently
devouring a book on masonry , prepar
ing himself to attend the grand lodge
in New York. Desiring to interview
him , our reporter asked him from
whence he came.
"From my homo in the holy city of
New York. "
"What came you here to do ? "
"To learn to subdue my evil pas
sions and make money lecturing and
"Then you are a newspaper man , I
presume ? "
"I am so taken and accepted among
fellows and brothers. "
"How may I know you to be a news
paper man ? "
"By having , when treated , never re
fused , and now am ready to be treated
"How else may I know you to be a
newspap er man ? "
"By certain signs ; examing my
empty grip , and by offering me a free
pass to anything. "
"Where did yon first become a news
paper man ? "
"In my mind. "
"Where next ? "
"In the office of a duly constituted
newspaper in the holy city of New
' How were you made a newpaper
man ? "
"I was first blindfolded and my face
blackened with printer's ink. In this
londition I was driven three times
.round the room by the managing edi-
, or , with a red ink roller for a bit. I
was then conducted to the Grand Wor-
hipful Master , Hugh J. Hastings , in
he East , where I took the solemn.oaths
nd obligations of Journalism. "
"Will you be off or from ? "
"Off as soon as the train starts. "
"Fromwhat and to what ? "
"From Oil City to New York. Good
bye ! " and Eli was off.
An Annecdote of Jenny Lind.
all Mall Budget.
As an illustration of the constant
anxiety of artists concerning their
powers , Mrs. Reeves tells how one
famous prima donna refused to sit
down at all on a day when she was to
sing. "No , she would walkabout the
room , talking , perhaps , singing per
haps , sometimes even busy with her
needle and thread , but never sitting
down the livelong day until the per-
formannce was over. " "Why , I re
member well enough how one day
Jenny Lind ( Mine. Goldshmidt ) , Mr.
Reeves , Mr. Otto Schmidt and myself
were in the room , and through the
morning Jenny Lind and my husband
were never still , pacing : one past the
other , with music in hand , singing and
practicing , and intent on the work be
fore them. 'Why , Jenny , ' said Mr.
Goldschmidt , 'you must have sung those
songs many times before ; surely there
is no need for all this. ' But the re
monstrance was in vain. 'You are a
fine musician , ' said Mme. Goldschmidt ,
in her quiet , decisive manner to her
husband , 'but Mr. Reeves and I are
singers , and we know what is best for
us. Leave us alone. ' Suppose you
had called to see Jenny Lind on a day
when she was singing. She would
probably come into the room with a
bundle of music in her hand , put it
on a , chair and sit down on it ; talk
away pleasantly enough for a few min
utes , become abstracted , rise , take up
the music , turn to a passage in one oi
the pieces , and hum it over. Having
satisfied herself of her correctness , sht
would replace it and sit down again as
calmly as possible and resume the con
versation .at the point it was left off. ' '
Woman as "Wheat Speculators.
From a broker the Chicago Tribune
has learned that there are perhaps a :
many as 500 women in that city who
speculate regularly , and that manj
leading brokers refuse their custom ,
"They kick first , last and always , " he
said , "if they lose ; and if they win s
dollar or two or § 50 they talk you tc
death. They are governed by dreams
and seances , and if the market goes
against them , they swear by the dream
and say they have been swindled. ]
suppose there are many women pos
sessed of private fortunes who extracl
a pleasure from speculation , but thej
generally do business through some
personal friend on the regular board ,
and not on the call board. I knon
from experience that there are verj
few men who would permit their wives
to engage in such practices. It is nol
womanly pastime , to say the least , anci
ought , I think , to afford grounds foi
divorce. It makes the woman hard and
coarse , destroys her beauty , and turn *
a happy , handsome creature into at
ugly pest , for gambling is sure to be
come a monomania with them , anc
they can talk nothing else. I know o :
the wife of a prominent merchant wh (
got so badly 'left' that she pawned hei
diamonds for $500 , not long ago , anc
would have lost them but for ber hus
band , who found it one at the last mo
ment and redeemed them. Then hi
got a gun and went around to see th <
broker. The latter , however , happen
ed to be out , or there might have beei
bloodshed. So , as I said before ,
don't want any of it in mine. "
The New York Telegram asks : "Ar
boys getting worse ? " They are not
It is impossible.
The Moliere plastron in .variou
forms is much worn.
THE BANKRUPTCY BILL.
The Measure aa It Finally Passed the
The bankruptcy bill as passed by the
senate , constitutes the several district
courts of the United States and terri
tories , and .the supreme court of the
District of Columbia , courts of bank
ruptcy , with jurisdiction on all ques
tions of claims , assets , exemption ? , com
position and discharge. For the pur
poses of bankruptcy the courts shall bo
always open , as well in vacation as in
term time , and when the district judge
is from any cause unable to act , the cir
cuit judge may do so. On the applica
tion of any party interested , the district
judge may certify to any question of
law involved to the United States cir
cuit court , which is given general su
perintendence and jurisdiction of all
bankruptcy proceedings , and the de
cision of the circuit court shall not bo
revised by the supreme court of the
United States , except upon a certificate
of disagreement , between the two cir
cuit judges. The circuit court shall ap
point within each judicial district such
a number of commissioners as may bo
necessary , not exceeding in any state
the number of members in congress to
which the state is entitled ; each com
missioner to give bonds in the sum of
" 35,000 for the faithful performance of
iis duties. He is given all the powers
f master in chancery and may repre-
ent and act for the judge in holding
meetings and conducting the business
specially committed to him. The circuit
jourt shall also appoint two supervisors
n bankruptcy for each judicial cir-
iuit , who shall personally examine into
he administration of all bankruptcy
proceedings in his circuit , call the' at
tention of the commissioners , clerks and
xustees to matters which would facili-
ate speedy and economical settlements
and move the court for action against
delinquent trustees. He shall visit and
"nspect the office and business of every
Commissioner and clerks in his circuit
.s often as once every six month and
make a report to the circuit court. The
upervisor's compensation , as fixed , is
52,000. The court may , however , da-
iree further allowance , not Ita exceed
$10 for each case instituted before him
during the year , but not more than
$100 in any one year. The supervisors
and commissioners may be allowed a
reasonable sum for disbursements , items
: o be verified by oath. Any party peti-
ioning for bankruptcy , whether debtor
or creditor , shall pay to the clerk of
the court $50 , and every trustee shall
pay one per cent , of the gross amount
realized from the assets , and every
debtor rating composition shall pay
one-half of one per cent , on the amount
of such composition. These fees are
all to be paid by the clerk into the
treasury of the United States. Any per
son owing debts exceeding $300 and un
able to pay may , by petition , apply to be
adjudicated a bankrupt , and the filing
of such petition shall be deemed an act
of bankruptcy. Any person owing
debts exceeding $1,000 , who leaves his
state to avoid his creditors or conceals
himself to avoid arrest on a series of
egal processess , or makes a fraudulent
transfer of property , or suspends the
payment of his commercial paper or
opens accounts for thirty years after
the same is due or payable , or who
makes fraudulent preferences , shall be
deemed committed of an act of bank
ruptcy and may be adjudged a bank
rupt on the petition of three or more
of his creditors , whose bills would
amount in all to $500. The bill excepts -
cepts and exempts in favor of bank
rupts the necessary and proper wearin
apparel for himself and family an
such other property .as may be ex
empted from attachment by the laws
of the United States or state in which
the bankruptcy proceeding are insti
tuted , and the court may , from the as
sets , allow the bankrupt a sum , not to
exceed $500 , for his support pending
the proceedings , if the circumstances
require it , and reasonable wages for
any services rendered his estate at the
request of his trustees and the usual
fees wheii attending as trustee.
Criminal Law in Scotland.
It may be interesting , just now , to
know how criminal law is administer
ed in Scotland that country of strong
creeds and steady habits. The follow
ing case gives all necessary informa
tion : On the 15th of December last ,
John Fortune and John McDermid ,
gamekeepers on the estate of the Earl
of Rosebery , were fatally shot by two
poachers , Robert Floc&hart Vickers
and John Innes. The victims lived
n < enough to identify their murder
ers in the presence of witnesses , and
Vickers and Innes were promptly ar
rested and committed to jail. The
trial came on before the high court of
justiciary in Edinburg , March 10 , and
concluded the same day. "The
jury then retired , " says the re
port , "and after being absent
an hour returned a verdict of guilty by
a majority. " In Scotland the verdict
of nine or more jurors may be received
if unanimity is found"impossible. .
Vickers and Innes were immediately
sentenced to death , and their execution
occurred last Monday. An interval of
only three and a half months elapsed
between the commission of the crime
and its punishment , which in America
would be considered altogether too
short to secure justice for the accused.
Yet there is not the smallest reason to
suppose that justice was sacrificed in
this case , or that the murderers were
not as fnirly dealt with as if they had
obtained two or three continuances nnd
as many appeals ; while the moral effect
of speedy trial , conviction and punish
ment , as compared with the immoral
effect of the American system , needs no
It is worth notice that three of the
great English novelists are simultane
ously contributing to the Harper peri
odicals : Charles Reade , with "A Peril
ous Secret , " to the Bazar ; VVilkie
Collins , with " 1 Say No , " to the Week
ly ; and William Black , with "Judith
Shakespeare , " to the Magazine.
Liquid oxygen boils at 106 = > C. , and
forms into crystals. The critical tem
perature , M. Wroblewski also finds , is
at a pressure of 40 atmospheres 118 C.
ffl. A. SPALDINO ,
AGENT FOR THE
tt 9 * > r . 9 f
ttO t '
O 70o ,2 i
Sold Low for bash , or on easy payments or
rented until the rent paye tor the organ.
M. A. 3 RAIDING , Agent ,
McOOOK ; , - NEBRASKA.
Ranch on Bed Willow , Thornburg , Hayes
County , Neb. Cattle branded "J. M. " on
leftside. Young cattle branded same as
above , also "J. " on left jaw. Under-slope
right ear. Horses branded "E" on left
FOR SALE.My range of 1,000 acres of
deeded land In one body , including the
Black and Byfield hay lands ; timber and
water with two good farm houses and other
improvements. Convenient to No. 1 school
privileges. Situated in the Republican val
ley west of Red "Willow creek. Call on or
address JF. . BLACK.
Indianola , fleb.
Stock brand circle on left shoulder ; also
dewlap and a crop and under half crop on
left ear , and a crop and under bit in the
richt. Ranch on the Republican. Post-
office , Max , Dundy county , Nebraska.
HENRY T. CHURCH.
Oborn , Neb. Range : Red Willow creek ,
jn south went corner of Frontier county , cat
tle branded " 0 L O" on riht side. Also ,
an over crop ou right ear and under crop on
left. Horses , branded ' ' 8' ' on right shoulder.
SPRING CREEK CATTLE CO.
Indianola , Neb. Range : Republican Val
ley , east of Dry Creek , and near head of
Spring Creek , in Chase county ,
J. D. WELBOP.K ,
Vice President and Superintendent.
JOHN HATFIELD & SON.
STcCpolc. Neb. , Ranch 4 miles southeast ,
on Republican river. Stock branded with
a bar and lazy p } on left hip 3
J. B. MESERVE.
Ranch , Spring Canyon on the Frenchman
River , in Chase county , Neb. Stock branded
as above ; alee " 717" on left side : "O.L. "
left " 7" and "L. "
on hip ; on right hip on
right shoulder ; * 'L. "on left shoulder and
"X. 'on left jaw. Half under-crop left
ear , and square-crop right ear.
C. D. PHELPS.
Range : Republican Valley , four miles
west of Culbertson , south side of Republi
can. Stock branded " 161" and " 7-L. "
P. O. Address , Culbertson , Neb.
THE TURNIP BRAND.
Ranch 2 miles north of McCook. Stock
branded on left hip , and a fewdoublecross
es on left side. C. D. ERCANBRACK.
STOKES & TROTH.
P. O. Address , Carrico , Hayes county ,
Nebraska , Range , Red "Willow , above Car
rico. Stock branded as above. Also run the
lazv si brand.
GEORGE J. FREDERICK.
Ranch 4 miles southwest of McCook , onths
Driftwood. Stock branded "AJ" on the
left hip. P. 0. address , McCook , Neb.
W. N. PROCTOR.
McCook. Neb. , range ; Red "Willow creek.
inFouthwestc rner of Frontier county. Also
E. P. brand on right hip and side and swal
low-fork in right ear. Horses branded E. P.
on right hip. A few branded ' 'A * ' on right
ALL LIVE DRUGGISTS SELL
Anti-Eilions and Dyspeptic Ouie.