Newspaper Page Text
MARK TWAIN AND CABLE.
[ Gossip About Their Careers Mr. Clemens ns a
Mark Twain and George W. Cable
( have been reciting extracts from their
jwork to large audiences here this
jweek , writes a Washington corre
spondent of The Cleveland Leader.
JLhe two men are as different as the
poles , and both are surprises.
George W. Cable is under medium
[ height , very straight , very slender ,
jandTas sallow as many of the Creoles
jwhom he portrays in his novels. He
has a face rather effeminate than man
ly , and his beard of silky black and
Ihia long mustache twisted with its
[ ends hanging down below his chin and
' .making a bow over his mouth , carries
'out this illusion. His nose is straight
iand small , his eyes bright , black , and
[ Piercing , and his forehead medium.
Mis hair is the color of jcfc and. as
Iglossy as oiled ebony. He does not
Weigh , I should say , over 180 pounds.
He has a good voice , well trained and
melodious. He articulates distinctly ,
.and his gestures have all the grace of
; a woman. Ten jrcars ago the world
jknew nothing of Cable ; now he stands
'in the front ranks of American literati.
He was at one time a merchant , then
tried newspaper writing on The New
Orleans Picayune , and while doing so
.began to study -he early history of
INew Orleans. He became interested
in the Creoles , and wrote several
sketches of them for The Century Mag-
& \azinc. \ These attracted attention , and
ho found the field upon which he had
L-isafc ( entered one worth developing. In the
[ carrying put of his idea he has shown
jthat he is an accomplished novelist
'and ' has made a reputation which will
4' \ Mark Twain is just as big and awk-
iward as Cable is small and graceful.
iHe has a big head stuck on by a long
'neck ' to a pair of round shoulders. He
came on to the stage as though he
( were half asleep , and he looked to me
as though nature , in putting him to
gether , had , somehow.gotten the joints
mixed. He has a big face , a nose large
enough to represent any kind of genius ,
and eyes large , black , and sleepy. He
has a thick , bushy mane of hair which
is now iron gray , and a bushy mus
tache which overhangs his character
istic mouth. As ho stood on the stage
lie reminded me much of a mammoth
interrogation point , and as he drawled
out his words with scarcely a gesture
his voice made me think of a little
fouz-saw slowly grinding inside a
Corpse. He did not laugh while he
/uttered / his funniest jokes , and when
ithe audience roared he merely stroked
his chin or pulled his mustache.
Still he could not help being satis
fied , and I do not doubt the contrast
of his first days in Washington , when
he came here years ago and had hard
Avork making money enough to pay
his board bills , came forcibly before
! him. Though it is not generally
known , Mark Twain was once a Wash
ington correspondent. ' He came here
from the west with Senator Stewart
and for a long time wrote letters to
'The Alia California and the New
York Tribune. He used to drink
a good deal in those days and
.was hardly considered a reputable
character. It was shortly before this
that he made the trip from which he
wrote "Innocents Abroad , " and this
fcook he wrote here from the notes
which he took during his tour. The
fe book made him both famous and
wealthy. His manuscript he first sent
to several 'piominent publishers , but
they all rejected it , and he was about
giving up in despair when a Hartford
company took hold of it. The result
was they made $75,000 off the book
and sold more than 200,000 copies of it.
It was after this that Mark Twain tried
editing The Buffalo Express. A man
, who worked on the paper at the time
told me that this venture of his was
not a success. He loafed around the
office , guying the office-boy , and tell
ing jokes and stories rather than
writing , and the only fruit of his Buf
falo experience was his marriage ,
jwhich like "Innocents Abroad , "
fanned out well. His wife brought a
jpot of gold into the family , and when
'he got to Elmira he found that his
lfatherilaw had made him the pres
ent of a brown-stone front , and thrown
Hn a coachman with a bug on his hat.
JTwain did not remain in Elmira , how
ever , but went to Hartford and began
'to ' .write "Roughing It. " This was
also successful and established his
. * - i Mark Twain probably makes as
much out of his books as any other
'writer in the country. He has his
lHartford firm publish his books for
him , and he so arranges it that he gets
* a royalty on those printed in Europe.
'He is better known in foreign lands
than any other American writer , and
! he is an international character.
Many of his scenes are taken from real
life , and his descriptions of travel are
in the main true. He is a hard worker ,
land while at Hartford ho writes in his
ibilliard-room in the attic. Like Trol-
llope he believes that there is nothing
'like ' a piece of shoemaker's wax on the
'seat ofone's chair to turn out good
.jliterary work , and , like Blaine , he has
a fixed amount of writing for each
< lay's duty. He rewrites many of his
-chapters , and some of them have been
scratched out and interlined again and
again. Mr. Clemens everyone knows
Mark Twain's name is Clemens will
be 40 years old on the 30th of this
month. He is a Missouri man by
hirth , and has taken care of himself
ever since he was 15. He has been a
practical printer , a steamboat pilot , a
private secretary , a miner , a reporter ,
.a lecturer , and a book-maker.
Poultry in France and America.
As an instance of the inferior prod
uct of American poultry as compared
with that of France , a country where
T > jultry rearing is carried on very
.skillfully , Henry Stewart gives the fol
lowing figures : The number of fowls
kept in France is 43,858,780 ; the aver
age number of chickens reared is three
to3 each hen , and the average product
of ecg Ppr hen is 100 per year. The
rotal money product is § 101,000.000.
to the last census the
f- According num
5 ? ber of fowls in the United States is
102,272,135 ; the product of the chick
ens is not given , but if it is in proportion
tion to the yield of eggs , it would be
about three to every two hens , the
average yield of eggs being fifty-four
to eacn hen. The different reports are
probably near the truth , judging from
the prevalent opinion here that "hens
are poor stock , " 'while the French
woman , with her industrious and hen-
compelling ways , makes friends of her
poulels and cherishes them as she docs
her love letters , which he also calls
by the same word , while the estima
tion in which she holds her pullets may
be realized by the name she gives
them , which is poulcUe , a.nd moans not
only a pullet but a darling ; thus giv
ing her heart to the work she succeeds
in it and makes it profitable. This is
a lesson for our poultry-keepers. -
Hired Men on the Farm.
It has become almost a custom to
perform the greatest share of the farm
work during the summer months and
take it easy during the winter , dis
charging the hired men and forcing
them into cities and villages to work
at odd jobs , or to pursue a half-em
ployed sort of life in the country , chop-
cordwood and like work. A
irge amount of farm work can be per
formed during the winter quite as well
at $15 per month as to pay them from
§ 22 to § 26 for the same labor in the
summer , and thus give these farm
hands continuous labor. No one ex
pects a man to kill himself with work ,
but he can more largely extend the
same labor over the year. With the
plan of winter draining , now so rapid
ly being introduced into Ohio , the idea
of employing men for the entire year
will become to be more largely prac
ticed , and the. farmers will find out that
a great many things can be done in the
winter as well as in the more
hurrying times in the summer.
By chosing open weather fences can be
re'paired and even board fence built.
Posts can be set when the frost is out
of the ground and wire strung. Su
gar wood , stove wood , and rails can be ,
drawn , and with the now demonstra-j
ted value of under-drainage , most ofj
it can be done by having everything !
ready , so that when occasion offers thej
trenches can be opened up and the ;
tiles put in place. A little study in-
this direction will enable the farmer to-
see how that the farm work can be car-j
ried on in winter as well as in summer , ,
and thus leave the summer months ,
with more leisure time , and thus obvi-j
ating that disturbing feature of farm
life being behind with the work and
having it crowd the farmer and his ]
help , so that in the summer months
they are compelled to work early and
late , and become slaves instead of mas
ters of the situation. Cleveland Her
Building ail Ice-House.
We can best answer numerous in
quiries about building an ice-house by
giving a description of one we put up
tor our own use a few years ago. Thej
locality selected was one affording fa-j
cilities for drainage , was well shaded !
by trees , and conveniently near thej
house. The suiface being sandy , ,
was leveled , and four by six-inchj
drills , fourteen feet long , were ;
laid down and halved together ]
at the corners. The plates of ]
the same length , of two by four-inch }
stuff , were put together in the same ,
manner. Studs two by four , and thir-l
teen feet long , were morticed into the ]
sills and spiked to the plates every ;
eighteen inches. The room , a "squarej
pitch , " is covered with ten-inch"
boards , two inches apart , and other
boards of the same width nailed on as
battens. . Hemlock boards , nailed her ]
izontally on both sides of the studsj
cover the sides and ends ; the four-inch
space between the outer and inneu
siding , being filled with sawdust. !
There is a door at the ground level , '
and another just above , both beinjr
practically double , by means of hori-t
zontal boards placed on the inside as
the house is filled. The roof projects
over the sides about a foot , and the
spaces between that and the plates are.
left open to afford ventilation. A
layer of sawdust , four inches or more
thick , was laid upon the ground , and
the blocks of ice stacked upon it as
closely as possible. The top of the ice'
io covered with a layer of marsh hay %
about two feet thick. This house , if ]
filled up to the roof , would hold about
sixty tons. When half filled , there )
has been a considerable quantity ofj
ice left over each year , though it has.
been used very freely. The cost of
the house is small. American Agri- ,
Boles for Chewing Food.
Mr. Gladstone , the present English
premier , reduced his hygiene to a
mathematical system as long ago as
1848 , when he formulated for himself ;
rules for chewing food. He then laid ,
down the rule for himself and children ,
that thirty-two bites should be given
to each mouthful of meat , while to
bread he accorded a lesser number.
It would be rather amusing to see a
family with a leader swinging his
baton like the leader of an orchestra ,
and thus indicating the number of
bites for each mouthful. But ridicu
lous as that might be , probably such a
family would count fewer dyspeptics
than are to be found in the average
American family. Mr. Gladstone may
be an expert in politics and a states
man , but as a hygienist we should say-
that bread would require more masti
cation than meat. The process of di
gestion of bread begins with mastica
tion , whereas , the digestion of meat
begins in the stomach. It is probable
that he can more safely bolt his meat
in chunks , as dogs do , than his bread
and vegetables. Dr. Footers Health
M. UKUETA , in a recent paper about
snakes , relates that in Columbia their
chief destroyers are two species of
birds the calabrero and guacabo
and the cats and hogs. The latter are"
supposed to be protected from the
sting on account of their layers of adi
pose tissue. < 3ats receive bad sores
from the venom , but do not die. The
writer saw a cat eat the heads and
tails of two large ones ; its wounded
places ulcerated , bHt soon healed.
A turkey would be a goose If he wasn't a
high old rooster at this season.
THE CATHOLIC PASTOHAL
Of the Plenary Council to Catholics in the
The pastoral letter of the archbish
ops and bishops of the United States ,
composing the third plenary council
of Baltimore , to the clergy and laity
of their charge is made public through
The Catholic Mirror. It is a lengthy
document , but the following abstract
gives the main points of leading mat
ters which engaged the attention of
the council. Reference is made to the
'past eighteen years , especially in the
west. The assembling by Pins IX.
of the general councilof the Vatican
is alluded to as one of the most im
portant events of our age , and a de
tailed account of its work is given.
The Catholics of Prussia are commend
ed for their good work in availing
themselves of every legal means to
check the advances of despotism and
save their own freedom and that of
their country. The letter then dis
cusses the laws of the church and this
IN THE FOLLOWING TETCMS : -
"We think we can claim to be ac
quainted both with the laws , institu
tions , and spirit of the Catholic church
and with the laws , institutions , and
spirit of our country , and we emphat
ically declare there is no antagonism
with them. A Catholic finds himself
at home in the United States , , for the
influence of the church has constantly
been exercised in behalf of individual
rights and popular liberties. And a
right-minded American nowhere finds
himself more at home than in the
Catholic church , for nowhere else can
ihe breath that atmosphere of divine
truth which alone can make us free.
We repudiate with equal earnestness
! the assertion that we need to lay
aside any of our devotedness to our
fchurch to be true Americans and the
insinuation that we need to lay aside
any of our love for our country's prin
ciples and institutions to be faithful
Catholics. To urge that the Catholic
church is hostile to our great republic
because she teaches that 'there is no
power but from God' because , there-
lore , back of the events which led to
the formation of the republic , she sees
the providence of God leading to that
issue , and back of our country's laws
the authority of God as their sanction ,
this , evidently , is so illogical and
contradictory an accusation that we
lire astonished to hear it advanced by
persons of ordinary intelligence. We
believe our country's heroes were in-
etruments of the God of nations in es
tablishing this home of freedom. To
both the Almighty and His instruments
in the work we look with grateful
[ reverence ; and to maintain the inher
itance of freedom which they have
left us , should it ever which God for
bid beimperiled.our Catholic citizens
will be found to stand forward as one
man , ready to pledge anew 'their
lives , their fortunes , and their sacred
honor. ' No less illogical would be the
notion that there is aught in the iree
spirit of republican institutions incom
patible with perfect docilitv to the
church of Christ. "
The attempt to grasp the property
of the Propaganda is severely con
demned , and our goveinment , warmly
thanked for the action that saved the
American college from confiscation.
It is declared that in all the wide cir
cle of the holy father's great responsi
bility , the progress of the-church in the
United States forms , in a special man
ner , both a source of joy and an object
A considerable portion of the letter
is devoted to a discussion of the educa
tion of the clergy and their pastoral
3'ights. With respect to
CHURCH PKOPEllTIES AND CHURCH
the letter says : "Ihe properties are
held in trust for tl > e church for the
benefit of the people. It often be
comes necessary to contract church
debts. Where the multiplication of a
Catholic population has been so rapid ,
rapid work had to be done in erecting
churches and schools , and if , under
such circumstances , pastors had to
wait till all the funds were in hand be
fore beginning work , a generation
would be left without the necessary
spiritual aids and might be lost to the
church and to God. It is our earnest
wish that existing debts should be li
quidated as. soon as possible in order
that funds used in paying interest
might be employed in the great im
provements still to be made , and es
pecially in helping on the glorious
work of Christian education. This
latter subject is treated at great
"Childhood and youth , " says the
letter , "are periods cf life when the
character ought especially to be sub
jected to religious influences. Nor can
we ignore the palpable fact that the
school is an important factor in form
ing childhood and youth so important
that its influence often outweighs that
of the home and the church. It can
not , therefore , be desirable or ad
vantageous that religion should be ex
cluded from the school. On the con
trary , it ought to be one of the chief
agencies for moulding young life to
all that is true and virtuous and holy.
To shut religion out of the school and
keep it for the home and church is
logically to train up a generation that
will consider religion good for 4he
home and church , but not for practical
business and real life. But a more
false and pernicious notion could not
lie imagined. Religion , in order to
elevate a people , should inspire their
( whole life and rule their relations
with one another. A life is not
dwarfed , but ennobled , by being lived
in the presence of God. Therefore the
school , ' which principally gives knowl
edge fitting for practical life , ought
pre-eminently to be under the
HOLl' INFLUENCE OF RELIGION.
Two objects , therefore , we have in
view to multiply our schools and to
perfect them. We must multiply them
till every Catholic child in the land
shall have within its reach the means
of education. There is'still much to be
done ere this is attained. There are
still thousands of Catholic children in
the United States deprived of the ben
efit of Catholic schools. Pastors and
parents should not rest till this defect
be remedied. No parish is complete
until it has schools adequate to the
needs of its children , and the pastor
and people of such parish should feel i
that they have , not accomplished their
entire duty until the want it supplied.
We deaire that the historv of the
United States should bo " carefully
taught in all our Catholic schools , and
have directed that it bo specially
dwelt upon in the education of young
ecclesiastical students in our prepara
tory seminaries. So , also , we desire
that it form a favorite part of the
home library and home reading. We
must keep firm and solid the liberties-
of our country by keeping fresh the
noble memories of the past , and thus
sending forth from our Catholic homes
into the arena of public life not parti
sans , but patriots. "
The subjects of the co-operation of
the Christian home with the Christian1
school , of Christian marriage and the ;
indissolubility of the mariiage tie , are !
treated upon , and in this connection ]
the havoc wrought bj the divorce laws ]
of the conntry is deplored. The im- :
portanee of homo virtues , good reading - }
ing , especially of the holy scriptures , ;
and of supporting thoroughly the !
Catholic press , is impressively de- ;
clared. The desecration of the Lord's !
day is most severely condemned , andi
upon this point the letter says :
"THE LORD'S DAY
is the poor man's day of restIt hasj
been taken from him , and the laboring :
class are a seething volcano of social' '
discontent. The Lord's day is a home ;
day , drawing closer the sweet domestic -
tic ties by giving the toiler a day with }
his wife and children. But it has been ]
turned into a day of labor , and home
ties are fast losing their sweetness and ,
their hold. Now , far be it from us to ]
advocate such Sunday laws as would
hinder necessary Sunday work or
would prohibit such popular enjoy
ments as are consistent with the sa-t
credness of the day. To turn the1
Lord's day into a day of toil is a blight- .
inor curse to a country ; to turn it into ]
a day of dissipation would be .worse. ,
There is one way of profaning the
Lord's day which is so prolific of evil
results that we feel it our duty to utter - -
ter against it special condemnation. ;
This is the practice of selling beer or'
other liquors on Sunday , or of fre
quenting places where they are sold.
This practice tends more than any oth
er to turn the day of the Lord into aj
day of dissipation ; to use it as an oc-i
casion for" breeding intemperance. * !
While we hope the Sunday laws on this
point will not be relaxed , but even
more rigidly enforced , we implore all !
Catholics , for the love of God and theirj
country , never to take part in such ,
Sunday traffic , not to patronize oij
countenance it. And we not only direct |
rect the attention of all pastors to thei
repression of this abuse , but we call
upon them to induce all of their flocks
that be engaged in the sale of liquors
to abandon , as soon as they can , the }
dangerous traffic , and embrace a more.
becoming way of making a living.1
And here it behooves us to remind our ;
workingmen , the bone and sinew ofi
the people and the especially- beloved )
children of the church , that if they.
wish to observe Sunday as they ought !
they must keep away from drinking- ,
places Saturday night. Carry your
wages home to your families , where
they rightfully belong. Turn a deaf ,
ear , therefore , to every temptation , !
and then Sunday will be a bright day
for all the family. We invoke a bless
ing on the cause of temperance and onj
all who are laboring for its advance-j
ment in a true Christian spirit. i
"Forbidden societies" is the nextj
subject treated of , and while Catholics ]
are instructed to shun bad or'danger-j
ous secret societies they are counseled !
to take part in good and useful Catho- :
lie associations , always remembering , ]
however , that the surest guide is the ;
church of Christ.
The letter closes with an appeal for ,
the generous co-operation of Catholic ,
people in the work of foreign missions !
and missions among Indians and ne
Whether potatoes are to be planted !
whole or cut small for planting is aj
matter that amounts to millions of !
bushels throughout the country , and in
itself would have an affect upon the !
markets. Now and then one finds an !
enthusiastic advocate of planting potatoes - .
tatoes cut to one eye , and proves his !
theory with large" crops , but the general - ;
eral verdict this fall is in favor of less !
cutting. Some soils , aided by the sys- |
tern of culture , may make the plan !
of cutting to one eye an apparent ]
gain over the older custom of planting !
whole potatoes , but with the majorityi
of farmers whole potatoes , if reports' )
can be relied upon , would be best. ,
With respect to "fine cutting. " or the ;
one eye plan , Prof. Sanborn says :
"Among the very few official trials !
that have come to my attention I have.
seen none that favor this view , in the1
ordinary way of cutting potatoes.
Since beginning these trials I have seen-
two foreign tests , covering about !
seven vears each , wherein the effect ]
of cutting on the future vigor of the ,
plant was studied , with the resultsj
against fine cutting. One eye and
small potatoes gave less favorable re
sults at the Ohio Experiment Station ;
last year than whole potatoes. I thinkj
it entirely safe to affirm that lighti
seeding of potatoes , or the use of
small potatoes for seed , will result unfortunately - ;
fortunately in ordinary hands or ordinary - <
dinary soil in ordinary fertility , es
pecially if deeply planted
Divorces in France.
The number of divorce cases down
on the list for trial in France is 760 , of1
which 560 are petitions to transform
judicial separations into divorces , and
200 are original petitions. The peti
tioners make their appearance on Wed
nesday morning , and the student of
modern Paris life has an opportunity
of closely observing some strange
social types. The subject is to be
transferred to canvass in next year's
Salon. The number of demands for
judicial separation has increased , the
reason being that , whereas divorce pe
titions involve much litigation and red
tape , a separation for more than two
vears constitutes a divorce. Philadel
Policemen are not socially inclined. Each
one has a llttli club of his own.
The most positive efforts of- the best pho
tographers onlj show negative results.
RiUfDALt JA" THE SOUTH.
Tie It Cordially Welromed to Louisville by
the Hoard of Trade of that City.
! In his trip through the south Samuel J. Ran.
la.ll made the first atop at Louisville , vrhoro
bo wus given u cord I til reception by the board
of trade. The president of the board of tnulo
In welcoming1 Mr. Itandall ; said that the vis
itor was engaged in an honorable and commendable
mendablo task of working- secure the best
f Interests of the business men and laborers
everywhere ; that It was his mission in the
south to acquaint himself with the business In
Its prosperity and depression that bo mlghtbo
the butter qualified to assist in ua'ional legis
lation and advance- measures in relation to
the important question of the tarilT thut ;
would adequately and satisfactorily meet the
wants of the people. Jlr. Itandall replied as
Sir. President and Gentlemen of the Board
of Trade of Louisvill * : Uearcd , as I huvo
been , in inotcimtlle lile , like most of those
around me , you can understand why 1 appre
ciate morn than miKht bo under different rela
tions the honor which this body of mun ten
der , and 1 say that it i * piopor in the outsnirt
that you , being1 a bodvnf men composed of
person * of every political party , should be
given to understand that I am hero present
to-day without any personal political motive.
I come Rinonp youto witness tor my clf , to
ptudy the details that prevail in the crcat
j-outli in the business relations that it bears
to the country. We are paislnv through a
period of jrreat depression , and I thinlc 1 can
hhowtlwt this depression Is phenomenal in Its
character and unlike all others that have pre
ceded it in the United States. What is known
ns the panic ol 1KJ7 which J know of only
perhaps Ironi reading and hearsay then-
was an antecedent to that period for seven
years ot balance of tiadc against the United
iitates , uirfrrcgntinfr ? 1.V.UK.000 ( ) In value.
Again , in 1N57. the panic of that year was nrc-
redffl by eiirht years of advon-o trade against
the United states in foreign countriesaggre
gating 550V'0.000. ( and the raor - recent panto
of 18TJ came upon us after ten years of bal
ance of trade against the United States , uggre-
Mitlng $ l,000,0ji.OO ( ( i in value , and yet todayvo
are in the midst of depression when the last
ulno years ol' trade in the United States
has been in favor of the United States
to the extent of $1,300.000,000. and. there
fore , wo cannot measure our present de-
pre = sion by these rules of trade which I
havoindicated as controlling , in in v judgment ,
the panics of prior years. It Is duo to your
intelligence- that I should give jou reasons
which I think have contributed to bring us to
our present trade condition. I consider .hut
it is over andcxbaustivetaxationand.to some
'degree , trade restrictions , which ought to bo
swept aside. [ Cheers. ] The government
hould be ndmm stcied economically , and
there ought not to be collected a dollar ol
revenue from the people of the Unittd States
in excess of that which Is necessary t < i
economcally administer the government of
lids people [ Cheer * . ] It is a trite'Miyinir.
Biid someol nsliavo reali/ed the truth of it ,
than a man who spends more money than ho
makcpwill become embarrassed , and I say.
aei ording to my judgment , that the country
which imports moro than it export- * must become - -
come embarrassed , and the great object of the
government to free a people like ours is to
have fauch laws enacted ana honestly and in
telligently administered as will best piomotc
the great objects ofthe trade and commerce
of the eountiy. [ Cheers. ]
IHE JVEir YORK SEXATU11SIHP.
The Impression Gaining Ground Tliat Presi
dent Arthur's Name Will Hot be Presented.
The impression has become strong- , gays an
Albany dispatch , that President Arthur's
name will not be presented to the republican
legislative caucus as a candidate for senator ,
and that his supporters will devote their
energies to defeating Morton. The canvass
will open in Albany as soon as members of
Ihe assembly arrive in any considerable num
bers. If the Arthur men give up their efforts
tor the president the > i ire opeeted to begin
at once their wurlare on Erwin , who is the
Morton candidate for speaker. Which one of
the several otner candidates they will take up
does not yet appear. l > ut lie will undoubtedly
be the one who shows greatest opposition to
Erxvin , irre-pective ot his senatorial alHnity.
It io t ellevod by a good many that the
Arthur men , left without a distinctive sena
torial candidate of their own. will cast
about tor tne man who can l > e of most use to
them in the senate. As Mr. Ev.irts would not
be likely to serve the politicians satistacton-
Jy , there is gi owing confidence in Congess-
man Uibcock't position in the llirht. Hn holds
the four assemblymen and a state senator ot
his district against all comers , it is sale to say
that it is as are a home nucleus as Attor
ney fleneiai Uubscll has. State senator Mc-
Cui thy , who re 'resents Hlsc'iek's district , will
be the permanent president of the senate by
reason of getting over Hill's assuming the
duties of governor , and this fact will give
McCarthy spec ! il influence in the senatorial
contest. II Mr. Kvarts was a politician there
would be imidly any loom lor doubt of his
election. Governor Cleveland , In the course
of a conversation on the senatorial situation ,
said he had for EOUIC time believed that Mr.
Bvarts would be the success ul cnncMdat ? .
He said that he could give no substantial
son for the belief , but it grow stronger on him
as he heard snatches ot senatorial news Iroin
day to day.
An awful crime was divulged atCattanooya ,
Tenn. lave Hutchinson , a negro laborer.
was arrested on the charge of ravishing his
little niece , aped 9 jeius , and has virtually
confessed the deed.
A mob fired the Bristol tunnel on the Shawnee -
nee division of the Baltimore &Ohio rood and
nearly three hundred feet caved in , neceu-
sitatinga transfer of passengers. The guards
were run out by the mob , and it is thought
dynam te was used.
John O'Hara was arrested at Indianapolis
on charge of robbing the Adams , express com
pany of a package containing &WOO , lost u
ew d.iys ago , and wus committed to jail. It
is stated that O'Hara's ariest is merely a blind
and that the officials have a clue which they
think will lead to a solution of the mystery.
Chtrles Krcndes'ick , an employe of a wealthy
farmer named Vic'or Sihulte , was assassin
ated nt St. Fiancis. Wis. , as he was enteiin r
the barn. 1'rendcsack managed to return to
the house , coveied with b'ood and gasping
f om a bullet hole in the neck. He fell dead
in the arms of a memVcr of the nouseho d.
There is no clue to the perpetrator of the
Ella Drake , wife of John Drake , of Thomp
son. Ga. , was found in her house wife her
skull broken , thioat cur. and the house fired
The tire was extinguished. Circumstances
pointed to her husband , who is under arrest.
as the murderer. The coroner's jury rcn
dercd a verdict as follows : "The woman
came to her death trom wounds inflicted by
her husband. It is a case of cold-blooded
Information reached VicksJmrg of the ar
rest of three white men near Hatreslburg , on
the line of the N. O. & N. E. railroad , who it is
supposed wrccscd the limited express , or
.what is known as the cannon tall train , at
midnight , about ninety-four miles north of
New Orleans , by v , hich accident Robert Tu
mor , the engineer , one of the best in the ser-
Tice of the company , and his fireman , a colored
man named Pinch C-mway , were killed , being
scalded to death in a horrible manner.
Terrible Effects of Spititua'.lsm.
Near Chehallis. Wyoming territory , William
Pearson , a strong believer in spiritualism ,
imagined be received an order from a higbei
power .o kill his infant Fan. This he d'd n nh
u hammer. He then informed his wife t ha1
he would cut hm throntif Ins wite would ilc
the same. IJoih were found half frozen iin J
their throats cut , but not dead. IJoih wii
RESTAURAJVT patron : " These nausageE
are 'ardly up to the mark. " "Waiter :
"They ain't , eh ? Well , d'ye eapect
Italian grevhound and thoroughbred
Scotch ter ° r for two bits ? "
THE estimated number o ! Indians
now living is 300,000.
Ranch on Red Willow , Thornhurg. Hayes
County , Jfeb. Cattle branded ' * J. M. " on
leftside. Young cattle branded same aa
above , also "J. " on left Jaw. Under-alope
right ear. Horses branded "E" on left
Tie M QSCatleRaiicIi8CollinitGiI
Stock brand circle on left shoulder ; also
dewlap and a crop and under half crop on
left ear , and a crop and under bit in the
richt. Ranch on the Republican. Pott-
office , Max , Dundy county , Nebraska.
HENRY T. CHURCH.
O born , Neb. Range : Red Willow creek ,
in southwest corner of Frontier county , cat
tle branded "O Jj 0 * ' on ri ht side. Also ,
an over crop on right car and under crop on
left. Horsesbranrtfd " 8"onrijrbt houlder.
SPRING CREEK CATTLE CO.
Indianola , Neb. Range : Republican Val-
ey , east of Dry Creek , and near head of
Spring Creek , In Chase county , *
J. D. WKLBORir ,
Vice President and Superintendent.
THE TURNIP BRAND.
Ranch 2 miles north of JlcCook. Stock
branded on left hip , and a few double cross
es on left .side. C/Q KUCANBIiACK.
STOKES & TROTH.
P. O. Address , Carrieo , Hayes county ,
Nebraska. Range. Red Willow , above Car
rieo. Stock branded as above. Also run the
lazy ci brand.
GEORGE J. FREDERICK.
Ranch 4 miles southwest of McCook , on th
Driftwood. Stock branded "AJ" on th
P. O. address. McCook , Neb.
J B. MhSEKVfc.
.rfanch , Spring Canyon on the Frenchman
River , in Chose county , N b. Slock branded
as above ; also " 717" on left side ; " 7" on
rf'-rht hip and "L. " on right shoulder ;
'L."on left shoulder and''X. " on left
j i\v. Half under-crop left ear , and square-
crop rfcht ear.
00 YOU KNOW
wilhR--d Tin TA- : Rose Leaf Fine Cat
Chewing ; Navy Clippings , tnd Black ,
Brown and Y-i'ow SNUFFS a-e the best
andcbe pest , quality considered ? !
Ranch on Rid Willow Creek , half mile
above O'born postoffice. Cattle branded on ,
right side ana hip above. 3-4
FOR SALE improved Deeded Farm
and Hay Land. Timber and water. . Two
f rm houses , with other mprovementa.
Convenient to No. 1 school privileges. Sit-
uat > d in R publican river , near ui mth of
Rfd Willow creek. Call "n J. F Black ,
on pn-raises , or address him at Indianola ,