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The McCook tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 1886-1936, December 17, 1885, Image 5

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INDUSTRIAL BIIIKFLETS.
An interesting feature in connection
with tho season's growth offwheat in
m Canada is that a number ot appli
cations have been received from Eu-
ropo for samples of tho cereals.
Among'these is one made on behalf of
the Italian government for tho agri
cultural museum recently opened in
Rome. For a similar purpose re-
qud fhavo boon made for samples of
whejiCbarley and oats by Dr. Wilt-
mack , professor of botany at tho Roy
al Agricultural college of Berlin. The
director of tho royal Norwegian farm
at Bygdo has also made official appli
cation for a collection to enable his
majesty King Oscar to test tUo har
dier varieties of cereals from Canada ,
and particular the Canadian north
west , in view of their cultivation in
Scandinavia. It is supposed that the
honors offered to Canadian produce at
the Amsterdam international exhibi
tions of 1883 and 1884and at the pres
ent Antwerp universal exhibition.havo
directed attention thus prominently in
Europe to tho cereals of tho Domin
ion.
The whale , says a London paper , is
said to live 500 to 1,000 years or there
abouts ; and he is a young crow that
dies before he reaches his ono hun
dredth birthday. But how long do
donkeys live ? An authenticated story
comes from tho Scotch Highlands to
the effect that a donkey died recently ,
the property of Mr. Ross , of Croinar-
ty , in whose family it has been for 106
years. It can bo traced back to the
year 1779 , when it passed into tho
hands of the thenRoss of Croaiarty ;
though what was its ago at that timo
110 one can say. Furthermore , its
death was tho result of an accident ;
for it was "halo and hearty" when a
kick from a horse ended its career.
There seems no reason to doubt the
story. We thus had , until tho end
of last week , a donkey among us that
was born about the sarno timo as Sir
Walter Scottand whose parents , if as
long-lived as itself , may have been
flourishing at the time of the plague.
The harvest in Shetland this year is
very late , the corn crops in most dis
tricts having only been cut within the
past fortnight The crop is the poor
est that has been gathered for many
years , there being scarcely any meat
in the ears , and few of tho crofters
hope to bo able to preserve as much
out of it as will furnish them with
seed for next year. Heavy rams in
the latter end of September and first
of October quite destroyed the oats
and bero , and/as the crop was quite
green when gathered the straw is ex
pected to turn out useless. Potatoes
are. a fair crop in some districts but in
others it is below tho average. Tur
nips are fairly good. Tho failure of
the crops is being very severely felt in
the island of Foula , which lies about
twenty miles to tho west of Shetland.
A Lisbon * journal calls attention to
tho fact that .the export of oxen to
England from Portugal has attained
remarkable proportions , so m : ch so
that the fattening of cattle for that
market may be considered an import
ant branch of live stock farming.
From Oporto , says this authority , are
yearly shipped 25,000 head of cattle ,
representing a capital of § 2,500,000.
This would indicate a prett } ' good val
ue for this Portugese stock § 103 a
head. The journal referred to suggests
that the dimensions already attained
by this trade indicate that it is one
well worth studying , with a view to
enable the Portugese stock-raiser to
compete with other foreign countries ,
especially North America.
Tho tomato was relished by south
-N ern races as an article of food many
years before its use as such among
northern people , with whom it is an
acquired taste , became common. Not
only was this the case in Europe , but
in this country it was used as an arti
cle of food in New Orleans in 1812 ,
while although it reached Philadelphia
in 1798 , it was not sold in the markets
before 1829. They are believed to
have first been grown in western New-
York in 1825 , but as late as 1835 they
were sold by the dozen in Quincy mar
ket , Boston. Its general use in this
country seems to date from about 1835
to 1840.
President Barry stated to the West
ern Now York Horticultural society
that to become really profitable apple
orchards must havo'a soil the fertility
of which is to bo maintained with suita
ble fertilizers , giving the.trees . a good
annualgrowth , with judicious pruning
and the destruction of noxious insects.
Then when the fruit is well grown , it
must be carefully gathered , assorted ,
packed , and marketed , the whole re
quiring care and skill at every step ,
and without which orcharding can not
be profitable.
M. Witz suggests , says Mature , that
the diminution of ozone in towns may
be partly duo to tho presence of sul-
M ric acid. At Rouen it is found that
pwTarJs colored with minium when
exposed fully to the air becomes pale ,
on treating them with reagents
presence of sulphite of lead is
detected. Sulphurous acid exists , too ,
in tho air of all towns where coal is
iburned , and its presence notably
diminishes ozone and leads to the
formation of sulphuric acid.
The experts of domestic cattle and
'hogs , and of beef , pork and dairy pro-
ducts , from the United States for the
eleven months ending Sept 30 ,
amounted to $80.800,59 ; for the corre
sponding period of tho previous year
they amounted to § 77,552,936. The
exports of dairy products for the livo
months ending Sept. 30 amounted to
$6,553,446 ; for tho same period last
year , § 9,426,739 , a falling off of nearly
33J per cent.
A new element has been discovered
by Dr.T. . Dahll in examining nickel
ore from Kragero , Norway. Tho
name Nortvegiurn is given to it It is
malleable , of white color , with a tingo
of brown , presenting , when pure , a
metallic luster , but oxidizing when
exposed to tho atmosphere. It is
about as hard as copper , and its speci-
fie gravity is 9.4441. It melts at 850
degrees C.
The Italian minister of agriculture
estimates this year's wheat crop in
Italy at 14,803,000 quarters , which is
more than 3,000,000 quarters below an
average yield. Tho silk harvest has
also turned out to be bolow the normal
standard. The profits of the new wine
crop are expected to exceed those of
tho last , chiefly in consequence of bet
ter prices.
There are 285,000,000 acres of im
proved land in the United States , 450-
000,000 of forest , and 730,000,000 acres
of unimproved and waste timber land ,
lorests are disappearing at tho rate of
25,000,000 acres each year. The for
est product during tho last census
year was 18,000,000,000 feet board
measure ; a yoar ago it was 28,000-
000,000 feet.
The rice crop ofjlho United Slates is
said to average from 400,000 to 500-
000 barrels. It is divided among the
states about as follows : North Caro
lina , 30,000 barrels ; South Carolina ,
100,000 ; Georgia , 80,000 ; Louisiana ,
200,000. It is also grown in Florida ,
Alabama , Mississippi , and Texas.
In starting a blackberry plantation ,
according to the conclusion reached at
a recent meeting of the Grand River
Valley Horticultural society , of Mich
igan , it is the best economy to buy
root-cuttings rather than to use suck
ers , though the former course is more
expensive at the outset.
The potato was lirst introduced into
'Germany in 1585. It was crown as an
exotic in gardens at Leipzig in 1647.
During the famine of 1770 the use of
the potato was much developed. In
1882 Germany produced about 23,000-
000 tons on an acreage of about 9,000-
000.
000.The
The quantity of fresh fruit sent from
California to the eastern states has for
some time been increasing greatly.
This season the quantity is estimated
at 36,000,000 pounds , as compared with
12,000,000 pounds in ISSi , and 500,000
pounds in 1875.
The government of Bavaria has sent
commissioners to the United States to
examine forest trees with a view to pro
curing seeds to plant. Great care is
taken of the native forest in Bavaria
and many new ones are being set out.
In France there are several agricul
tural schools for girls. One of these
is situated near Rouen , where there
are said to be three hundred girls from
6 to 18 yours of age. The farm con
sists of four hundred acres.
It is stated that a plant has been dis
covered in South America which pos
sesses strong electrical properties. On
breaking a twig a shock is felt , and a
compass is affected at a distance some
feet from the plant.
t
The wild vines of California are be
ginning to attract the attention of
wine producers. They are used as
stocks for grafting improved varieties
on , and result in producing a very
rapid and healthy growth.
David S. May , of Mtincie , Ind. ,
raised a vine this season which pro
duced eighteen pumpkins , whose ag
gregate weight was 1,467 pounds. The
variety is Known as the orange pump
kin.
kin.It
It is reported that the suit brought
in Wisconsin by the owner of a sheep
pasture against the owner of several
colonies of bees was stricken from
tho docket without beinjr tried.
Jewelry.
A light glove bracelet is a gold
wire with a Japanese cat's-eye at each
end to link on the arm. These cat's-
eyes are the polished hinge or thick
knob at the hinge of the pearl oyster ,
which , when cut , has the peculiar
long light of tho jewel with its brilli
ance , depth and play , however. Sober ,
expensive gems have preference with
wearers of tasto at present , black
set with brilliants , Ceylon's cats-eyes
and smoky topaz being chosen for
rings of sentiment A necklace of
true cat's-eyes in Roman gold fringes
with bracelets and shoulder clasps to
match , are handsomely worn by a
tawny blonde , who chooses pearl gray
and black lace toilets frequently , to
show off her beautiful coloring and
warm bloom. New York Express.
A Great Want Felt.
Mrs. Pcterby was reading : to her lit
tle son about the North Pole and the
Esquimaux.
' The Esquimaux are not remarka
ble for their neatness and clanliness ,
as they neither wash themselves nor
children more than once a year. "
"Oh , ma , " said Mrs. Peterby's little
boy , "how I wish you was an Fsqui-
rna and } ja was an Esqui-pa ! Them's
the kind of parents 1 need. " Ch'cago
Ledger ,
AvLite in Prison ! '
.The gray walls of tho JeiTcrsonville
Penitentiary have held many a promi
nent figure in criminal history , and
among them is now an old man named
Benjamin F. Johnson. The last days
o ! his life were passed behind' tho
jrioat prison dooiv , and now he is dy
ing of consumption. His arm at the
muscle above the elbow measures but
livo inches in circumferenceThe sil
vered hair is falling out and his mouth
ia dest tutc of teeth. A Times report
er called upon him at the prison hos
pital yesterday. On one side of tho
cot upon which tho dying man lay was
.1 bliniman , whose da\'s aro also num
bered , and on the other a colored
youth , who ore this has crossed the
dark r.ver. The scene was a thrilling
ono , and deeply impressed the behold
ers.
"Mr. Johnson , how do you feel to-
da } ' ? " asked the reporter ,
"O , sir , I am dying ; I can't live but
a short time , and an ill-spent life is
nearly ended. I fool the hand of
death upon me , and soon tho feeble
flame AVill bo extinguished forever , "
said tho old man , as lie made an un
successful attempt to rise. In. re
sponse to jtho quieries of the reporter
the following story of his life was ob
tained :
"I was born in Lexington , N. C. , in
1806 , and am 79 years of age. I am
a graduate of the Greensboro ( N. C. )
Academy , and had every possible edu
cational advantage. My father was a
wealthy planter , and I was his only
son. At tho ago of 19 I made my de
but on the stage of crime. Going to
Now York , I forced an entrance to a
jewelry store , and took several hun
dred dollars' worth of valuables. 1
was arrested and served ten years in
tho famous Sing Sing prison. Upon
the expiration of my sentence I went
West , and made money in San Fran
cisco. Returning to my native State ,
I went into business at Lexington.
Here I soon rose into prominence ,
married the daughter of a respectable
citizen.and in time entered in politics ,
I was chosen to represent my parish
in tho State Legislature , and did so
with honor , if I do say it myself.
"Things went on smoothly until the
war broke out. My four sous andmy
self went into the army to light for
Southern rights. During my absence
my wife died , and my property was
destroyed by fire. To add to my sor
row xnd trouble , one day two of my
boys were brought in with Northern
bullets in their hearts. Prior to" this
one of my sous , Thomas ( his name
now is Foster , at least he calls himself
such ) , was a clerk in the Treasury De
partment under the administration of
James K. Folk. .He took several val
uable plates and then resigned his po
sition. Going to Mobile , Ala. , in com
pany with a woman named Clem , he
made § 285,000 worth o counterfeit
money , and in attempting to circulate
it was caught and sent up for ten
years. I was in on this deal my
self , bat escaped the clutches of the
law.
"After tho war was over I found my
self without money and friends' " . I
went to Louisville and tried , unsuc
cessfully , to find employment. I then
turned my footsteps to Indiana and
stopped in Washington County. Be
ing an ardent admirer of horseflesh 1
wns not long in pos-essing mvself of
a noble animal , but 1 did not pay for
it. Well , it is the old story. I wa ?
caught and got eight years. When I
was released my hair , which was once
black , was white as snow. I still re
maiued in Indiana. At Versailles a
magnificent horse again tempted me ,
and I took him out of the stable one
dark night I am now paying the
penalty of my equine admiration.
Consumption is arnawing at my vitals ,
and soon I will be dead. All my life
I have lived an infidel , and I will die
the war I have lived a firm believer
in the doctrine advocated by Robert G.
Inoersoll. "
The reporter , in passing out , was in
formed by Dr. McFadden. that tho
poor old man could live but a few
days at the most Louisville Times.
One Eye on It.
An eminent citizen of Detroit called
upon an eminent physician the other
day to consult him about his eyes.
"They seemed all right up to three
or four days ago , " said the eminent
citizen , "but then I noticed that the
left one was failing. "
"Do you wear glasses ? " asked tho
physician.
"Oh , yes. "
"Let me see them ? "
They were passed over , and after a
brief inspection the pliysician burst
into a hearty laugh.
"The trouble is with the left eye ,
eh ? " he queried.
"Yes , sir. "
' No wonder. Look at your glasses. "
The left-hand glass had bees lost
out ! Detroit Free Pi-ess.
Boston Culture.
Two young ladies were driving
through the suburbs the other day
% \ hen their carriage collided with an
other with such force that they were
both thrown violently to the ground.
A gentleman who was riding by jump
ed from his horse , and hastening to
assist the unfortunates , overheard one
of them remark : "I really believe
I have fractured tlfe extensor ossis
aietacarpi poticis inanus. Boston Ga
zeile. "
\ '
\
THETAMIIiY'S FBIEtfD.
How the Pjople of Dlffjrent AgM Have Keyt
Warm.
Stovo is derived from tho Saxon
stofa. Ono of these sources of domes
tic infelicity , however modified its
form , is merely a fire-placo enclosed
on all sides , tho air entering from be
low and carried off as in a common
grate , by a vent. Tho general princi
ple is lirst , to employ tho fuel m tho
most advantageous manner for y heat
ing tho external part of tho stov&yand
secondly to keep within tho room as
much of tho air so warmed as is con
sistent with wholesomcnoss and clean
liness.
A fixed stove ( stuba ) was used in
the time of tho Roman cmpiro for
heating baths , and in Germany and
Scandinavia for baths and hot-houses.
In tho middlo ages they were gener
ally constructed of.brlck or tiles , some
times of slate or steatite ( soapstone )
and used for warming dwellings. They
were huge structures , sometimes occu
pying tho whole side of a room , and
in Scandinavia their broad Hat surface
was the sleeping-place of the house
hold. The lire was kindled at the bot
tom , and the heat and smoke passed
through various flues before reaching
tho chimney. These stoves were
economical of fuel , a matter of much
importance in some parts of Europe.
In tho homes of tho rich they were
sometimes faced with porcelain or
highly ornamented tiles. Many will
remember , no doubt , a porcelain stovo
of this description exhibited in the
Sweedish department at the Centen
nial exposition in 1876. They have
ovens and flues for cooking , and need
to be replenished with fuel but once in
twenty-four hours.
Ono of the first attempts at making
a stove of iron was that of Cardinal
Polignac in France , early in the
eighteenth century. The Polignac
iireplacus , so called , was constructed
with hollow backs , hearths , and iron
jambs , to economize the heat. In 1716
Dr. Dcsaugliers of London modified
these fireplaces to use them for coal
nstead of wood. Hut neither these
nor the Holland stoves ever became
popular in England , owing to the
strong prejudice in favor of open fires.
Dr. Franklin's stove , invented in
1745 , was a great improvement on all
that had preceded it. The principle
of its action were the same as that of
the air-tight stoves introduced many
years later. Indeed , it would have
been air-tight had it been possible at
that time to make the castings sullicr
iently close-fitting. About 1775
Franklin invented several other stoves
among them two for the burning of
bituminous coal. One of these had a
downward draught , and consumed its
own smoke ; the other had the basket
grateor cage , with movable bars at
the lop and bottom , which , after being
filled and kindled at the top could be
inverted , and so made to burn at the
base. Between 1785 and 1795 Benja
min Thompson ( Count Ilumford ) de
vised several improvements in stoves ,
ovens , etc. , all intended to economize
fuel and heat.
Previous to 1825 the use of stoves ,
generally of tho box pattern and of
very rude construction , was confined
to stores , and churches in the cities
and larger towns. Country churches
were not usually warmed , but the
older women carried their foot stoves
and the men protected their feet
with stout leather overshoes known as
"boxes. " In the residences of some
of the more wealthy city families ca i-
nol and other English coal , generally
referred to at the time as "sea coal , "
was burned in imported grates or in
Ilumford stoves lined with lire-brick.
A large number used the Franklin
stovo as an open lire-place ,
burning wo.od in it. The
rest of tho world used the
capacious , old-fashioned fire-place.
{ The cheapness of fuel , the cheerfulness
of an open iireplace and the great
weight and rough construction of the
stoves those days , made the latter in
but little demand. After the opening
of tho Erie and Champlain canals , the
introduction of river steamboats , and
the begining of railroad travel , the
facilities for transporting heavy goods
were so much increased that the man
ufacture of stoves soon became a lead
ing industry. These were wood
'
stoves , but anthracite coal , which was
gradually coming into use whenever a
hiffh degree of heat was required and
a strong draught possible , was destin
ed to create a revolution in business.
TheJirst attempts were failures , and
it was not unt.1 1833 , when Jordan L.
Mott demonstrated that an anthracite
Urecculd be made from nut and pea-
sized coals , and established several
other facts concerning the laws of
combustion , that anthracite coal stoves
became salable. The lirst cooking
stoves manufactured in Albany were
of the old ten plate oval pattern , the
oven above the fire. A description of
the inventions and improvements in
stoves since then would fill volumes.
It is doubtless , nevertheless , it any
ono of them can compare in cheerful
ness or healthfnlnuss with tho old-
tashioned , camciouc wood-fire places
of our grand dsuldies. Uoslon Globe.
A Good Deed.
Jay Gould's gift of 85,000 for the
relief of suflering in Galveston must
bo set down tot tho archrnonopolist's
credit as a good deed well done. St.
Louis 1'osi-Dispatch.
Some Foreign bridal Coatnmes.
A rernarkabjo pretty suite of brides
maid's costumes wore recently made
for a wedding to take place in tho
country during this month. Tho un
derskirts were of pale pink plush ,
with a band just above the hem of
white Persian lamb , very soft and
glossy ; the polonaise overdress was of
pink ribbed poplin , trimmed to match ,
as wore tho collar , cuffs and tops of
the pinksilk boots ; small fleecy toques ,
with rosettes of tho same , completed
these costumes. Apropos of brides
maid's dresses , xvo have been asked
to say a few words about them , as
there arc several weddings coming off
this and next mouth. All muslin and
thin materials should be put aside as
suggestive of cold , for there aro so
many warm though light colored
materials now in vogue that the only
difficulty is to choose between them.
Fur and skin trimmings in great
variety are very popular this season.
Three sots of bridesmaids' costumes
may bo selected from a host of pleas
ing designs. Tho first consisted of
petticoats of Nice violet-colored satin ,
with live two-inch bands of the same ,
on which were embroidered wreaths
of white and shaded violets and loaves
in seeded pearls and filoselle , alter
nated with quillings of lace. Tho
upper dress was made of dark violet
plush , arranged in deep puffs and a
derm-train embroidered to match the
petticoat ; from the side came two nar
row , short panels , richly embroidered ,
and edged with quillings of lace ; the
front was arranged.with a plastron of
plush from tho throat to tho hem ,
embroidered to match the rest of tho
costmrie. Bonnets of plush violet and
pearl-beaded lace.
The second had a petticoat of dark
cream Indian silk arranged in very
small plaits with a narrow quilling of
cream lace under the hem ; the upper
dress was of brown , shot with gold
plush , arranged at tho back and on
the hips in puffs , bodice with a long
point in the front , cream silk waist
coat , embroidered in shaded brown
and gold beads ; large Rubens hat of
plush , with shaded plumes , lined with
finely quilled silk.
The third set of costumes were of
very pale stone double cord silk , trim
med with sable mink ; on the petti
coats were three bands , graduatedof
sable mink ; the same trimming , in
three bauds , on the cuffs , and square
collar , cream silk hat with white sable
trimmings.
A fourth scries of bridesiuads' ; cos
tumes was very elaborate' ; they were
made with rather'long demi-trains of
wine ilreg color , verr rich velvet-lined
with salmon-pink satin , and edged
with cream-colored lace ; the bodices
were made with long points back and
front , outlined without crystal shaded
beads ; plastron of pink satin on which
was a desiirn of chrysanthemums of
shaded velvet in high relief , in deep
red topalepink.outlincd with variegat
ed beads ; high double-puffed sleeves
of velvet , puffed with pink satin ; Mary
Stuart headdresses of velvet , outlined
with beads and long tulle veils. Lon
don Graphic.
A Bit of Secret History.
A gentleman who has been promi
nent in [ New York politics for many
years said to the Boston Traveller cor
respondent the other evening :
"I can tell ; , 'ou a bit of secret histo
ry which happened last fall , and
which has never been in print before.
Now that it is a year old 1 do not sen
any harm in letting the truth out. As
you know , during the last presidential
election I was connected with the Re
publican National Committee in New
York cit } * . My facilities were such
that I had a pretty good opportunity
of knowing about all that was going
on. Up to the very last moment we
believed that Blaiue would carry tho
State. All of our information pointed
conclusively to that end. The history
of that election day , however , tells
the story more graphically than I can
of how we wore deceived. About an
hour after tho returns began to come
in we knew that our calculations had
been based upon misinformation.
"Something had to be done and
done quickly or the day would bo lost
and Grover Cleveland tho next Presi
dent of the United States. In this
emergency it was represented to the
committee that a change of 3,700 votes
could be effected upon Long Island if
the proper financial inducements were
held out to certain men who guaran
teed to do the work. The price named
was § 5,000. Most of tho returns from
the Long Island districts aro carried
on horseback. As soon as the votes
.are counted they are destroyed. Tho
returns wcro on three tally sheets , and
you can easily understand what was
intended. Knowing the situation oi
affairs as well as 1 do , I am satisfied
that at that time the Republican Na
tional Committee had it within its
power to have defeated the will of the
nation. They had plenty of money ,
the men were ready to do the work ,
but the offer was refused , and Grover
Cleveland became President. Of
course tho temptation was great , but
that makes the refusal of tho commit
tee all the more praise-worthy. These
are facts , and can be substantiated by
members of the committee who were
present , if they care to talkJ'
The new British Columb a gold-fields aie
largely in the hands of Chinamen , who aie
strongly intrenched , digging up the shiaen
by the bushel. ,
DOMESTIC HINTS.
BONED TURKEY.
Singe and pick over a fat young
turkey , and without otherwise opening
it cut through the skin along tho
whole length of tho back , and wit ! ;
tho point of a knife go on cutting tbo
moat from tho bones on both sides
until tbo hip joints and win joints
aro reacbcd. Chop through thuso
with tho heavy end of a carving knife ,
severing tho legs and wings from tho
carcass at tho sockets , and continue
cutting close to the breast bone , pull
ing out tho baokbono as soon as it is
free , and taking out tho gizzard and
entrails , and on tho ridge of tho breast
botio cut carefully and a little into tho
breast bone , to avoid cutting tho skin.
After that bone tho logs and wings
half way and chop off the rest Tho
meat of tho legs and wings is to bo
fcj O
tucked into the body , which , when
done up , will bo a smooth cushion
shape. Then wash the turkey in cold
water and dry it on a cloth. Spread
it out with the skin side down on tho
table and cover with tho forcemeat ,
sew with twine , put it into a pudding
cloth previously buttered and tie and
pin it securely. Boil tho turkey in
salted broth or water containing tho
bones and any other trimmings left
from tho forcemeat besides , for from
two to throe hours , according to size.
Let it cool in tho liquor it is boiled in.
then press between two dishes with a
weight on top , take it out of tho cloth ,
trim , pull out tho twine , wipe off
grease and jelly with a napkin dipped
in hot water , and at last brush over
with clear , melted butter two or three
times and keep it cold.
FRUIT COOKIES.
Two cups of sugar , one cup of but
ter , two cups of chopped raisins , two
eggs , two tablospoouf ills of sour milk ,
two tablospoonfuls of cinnamon , ono
teaspoonful of nutmeg , cloves and
soda. Bake same as other cookies.
CREAM SPONGE CAKE.
Two eggs , half cup sugar , three-
fourths cup Hour , one tcaspoonful
baking powder , two tablespoonfuls
cold water. Bake in two jelly tins.
GRAHAM MUFFINS.
Two cups of sour milk , a teaspoon-
ful of soda , two teaspoonfuls of sugar ,
a bit of salt and graham Hour to mako
a moderately still' batter. Add tho
sotla to the milk and beat for a few
moments before adding tiie other in
gredients. Bake in hot , greased gem
tins.
FRIED CHICKEN.
After thoroughly washing the chick
en drain all the water oil" ; never let
chicken soak in water. When you
are ready to fry it take a clean towel ,
lay it on the table , lay tiie pieces of
chicken on it and turn tho towel over
them so as to soak up all the moisture ;
then pepper and salt it and dip lightly
in Hour ; fry in lard and use plenty of
it ; lard is better thun butter to fry
chicken in. Have your frying pan
hot when } 'oti put the chicken itr , and
give it plenty of time to cook ; when
it is done , if it is not browned evenly ,
set it in the oven a few minutes ; take
it up as soon as done ; never let it
stand in tlu > . grease. To make the
2ravy put a sullicient quantity of Hour
in the grease to make a thin pasle and
stir it until it is perfectly smooth ,
then put in sv/eet milk until it is the
right consistency ; don't let it get too
thick , and let it boil about live minutes
and soasou to taste ; then pour it over
the chicken.
GINGEI : SNAPS.
Two cups of molasses , ono of lard ,
one tablcspoonful of soda , one of gin
ger , flour to make stiff enough to roll
out. To make them snappish , when
the ingredients are put together be
fore the Hour is added , the mixture
must be brought to a boil.
JAM PUDDING.
One pint of Hour , a little salt , two
teaspoonfuls of baking powder , milfc
to make a batter , peach or raspberry
jam for sauce , two eggs , one tcaspoon
ful of butter , one cup of stijrar and
one-half cup of boilinjr milk. Mix tho
Hour , baking powder , ahttle salt , and
the milk into a thin batter. Butter
some cups and set them into a steam
er ; put a large spoonful of the batter
into each cup , and then a spoonful of
jam with another spoonful of batter ,
and let them steam for half an hour.
Make a sauce of two eggs , teaspoon-
ful of butter , and one cup of water
and ono cup of sugar ; beat well to
gether , pour over them ono cup of
boiling milk.
POUND CAKE.
Ono cup of butter , six eggs , half i\
cup of sugar , one pint of Hour , three-
quarters of a toaspoonful of baking
powder. Bake fifty minutes.
DOLLY VARDIZN CAKt' .
One-half cup of butter , one-half cup
of sugar , one-half cup of milk , t\vo
cups of Hour , whites of three eggs , one
teaspoonful cream of tartar , one-half
teaspoonful of soda ; Havor with
vanilla. Frosting Tho yolks of three
eggs , fifteen teaspooufuls of powdered
sugar.
CHOCOLATE CAKE.
Two cups of sugar , one cup each of
butter and milk , three and one-half
cups of Hour , two teaspoonfuls of bak
ing powder , and the whites of six eggs ;
bake in layers. For tho icing and to
put between tho layers , take one cup
of sugar and one-half cup of milk ;
let it boil , then add one cup of choco
late shaved fine ; let it boil ; cool before
using on the cake.

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