Newspaper Page Text
falls . City Tribune ! ! - !
BY TRIBUNE PUBLISHING CO.
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FALLS CITY - . NEBRASKA
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f\fSK LIVES IN SMALL BOAT
Englishmen on Voyage to Australia In
A daring trip 18 to l.J made hy two
Brighton ( Eng ) men In a craft so
small that should the elements during
the time she hi In mid , channel prove
anything but of the best , the chances
are that she will never again reach
Il1nl1. The two young men are Mr A.
J" Nappor and MI' J. L LIU1gford , who
start In their boat , the Brighton , for
West Australia during this weelt The
object of the voyage IH to reach the
pearl fisheries at DroonH' , In N. W.
. Australia , choalll , with a craft ready
for the work there The adventurous
pair propose to travel 16,000 miles In
IL fourteen - ton boat. Two or the most
Ingenious e\ovlces to be carried aboard
for the sake of safety are a dinghy and
a floating archer , both the inventions
and patents of Napper hlnHwlf The
dInghy has been constructed with a
fiat bottom to enable it to ho carried !
standing flat on the dock , and thereby
dispensing with the cumbersome lav
Ita. The floating drop - sea anchor Is
constructed with a spar Hi feet long ,
attached to which 18 a trlangulal"
shaped canvas sail weighted at the
hottom with Bhot. This contrivance
Is rondo especially for outriding any
storms which may he met with In mid
channel , when lie water If too deep to
allow the ordinary anchor to bo low
ered. The deep sea anchor If let out
at the stern of the craft , and the action .
tlon of the water on It while In this
'position holds the boat practically mo-
tlonleHH The route to bo talttm , start-
Ing from Brighton , Is through the Bay
or Biscay and the Atlantic ocean to
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Capetown , and then a run of 5,000
miles without touching land will have
to bo made from the Cape to Freman
lIc.-Llverpool ( Eng ) Mercury.
Motor Water Carts.
'rho long expected motor water carts
beginning to make theIr appearance ! n
Paris streets arc highly successful.
This new , useful municipal automobile
carries 1,100 gallons. The maximum
speed Is 181E miles nn hour. Each cnn
he filled In six minutes , and cnn
sprinkle a mile or roadway 45 feet
wide In twenty minutes Steam Is ! the
, motive power , n. 35 . horse power engine
being used In connection with a bevel
gear drive and live rear axle A con
nectlon between the wheels and the
orator jets regulates automatically the
putput of the latter , according to the
pace of the cart and closes them alto.
sether when the vehicle stops
With an his enterprise the Japanese
- dislikes to hurr ) ' , l 'lremen going to afire
fire make the occasion a ceremonial
affair. With their beautiful uniforms
the companies march and counter.
march and dance in leisurely state , no
I matter bow serious the fire may be ,
some men carrying pails and ladders ,
but more bearing banners , as If flames
could be extinguished by a display of
mRinlflcencc . " " .
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Martyr Chiefs of Russia.
Men and Women Who Have Laid Down
Their Lives in the Cause of Liberty
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Among the clandestine literature
now being circulated broadcast In
Russia arc the leaflets and brochures
that relate to the history and prog-
I'OSH or the revolutionary movement.
The Czar's government expressly for
bids the publication of news relating
to pollllcal conspiracies attempts at
assassination and trials or revolution-
Since the recent war reverses In i
the east the Russian censorship has
been somewhat relaxed , especially In
regard to messages sent abroad j ah-
other step forward was signalized
when time St. Petersburg newspapers
were permitted to publish long accounts .
counts of the assassination of Van
Plohve Yet In one respect the embargo .
barge ! of the autocratic system upon
news still remains. It continues to be
Impossible In Russia to publish biographical .
graphical sketches or revolutionists
and their doings ; as . therefore , the
task of supplying such information
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vyRp , . . . . . . , . . " I
Calls exclusively upon the "under-
groUllll" press , clandestine literature
obtains a circulation , even among the
official classes , which the very prohi-
bltlon of It makes literally enormous
One of the classic Incidents of the
revolutionary movement In Russia Is
that associated with the name at
V'era SassuIlch , for , though there had
been acts of revolutionary violence before .
fore her time , there was something In
her act and Its conditions that entitle
her to he called the pioneer or the
modern phase of terrorism In Russia.
And when , In February , 1878 , she took
upon herself to punish Gen. Trepov ,
the chief of St. Petersburg police , for
his cruelty to a student whom he had
under detention , the whole of nonofficial -
ficial Russia hailed time act , not only
with applause , hut also with delight.
The Russia of the seventies came
within an ace of convincing the -sub.
jects of the Czar that they were born I
slaves and must remain so. In ,1873-4 I
alone some 1,500 propagandists were
arrested and subjected to the agony
Iong-drawnout. of "preIlmlnar deten-
tion " Of the total number only 190
were brought for trial , while about
seventy.three died , went mad 01' coun-
mlttell sulqlde ,
As the years went on , administrative .
Ive tyranny grew In severity ; stu-
lenL8 protests were crushed wlth revolting -
volting barbarity ; oppression In the
prisons gave rise to hunger strlltes.
For a while the Instigator or these
abuses , Gen. Mesentsey , head of the ,
state 01' secret police was enabled to
pursue Ills plans for rooting out the
widespread dsllll'ection ! which pre-
vailed. But In ! 1578 he was warned
that If the government took the life
of Kavalslt , a revolutionist , then un-
del' arrest at Odessa , his own would
pay the forfeit. Kavalslt was shot ,
and two days later the sentence of
time revolutionists against Gen. Mes-
ontsey was executed In ! the No\'sky
The man who thus "lifted the dag-
ger " If he did not "stir a clt"S revolt .
volt , " was the man afterward widely
known In Europe as a litterateur , and
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In New England as a lecturer , under
the pseudonym ) ot "Stepnlakthe
man whom , all the occasion of his
visit to Boston In 1893 , that acute tend
careful jUdge of men , Phillips Brooks ,
did not disdain to visit and to be-
Stopnlllk lost his life as the result
of a railroad accIdent. In recalling
personal memories or him Robert
Spence Watson , the member of Parliament .
lIament , said : "He was one of the
rare men whose personal influence Is
magnetic , and from communion with
whom you never come away unsatls-
lIeei. His was a mind capable of long ,
acute and profound thought. There
was coupled with this mind a body of
powerful build , admirably disciplined.
He was strong , true , Hlnglemlnded ,
earnest for the truth , wherever It may
lead When the news reached this
country that Mme. Slglda had succumbed -
cumbed beneath the cruelties and indignities .
dignities ! she had suffered , SLepnlal
suffered terribly I then saw the
great man who had been the moving
slllrit of the great terrorist movement ,
the war of revenge against the oppressors .
pressers by the oppressed-the stern ,
bold , determined avenger of the wrong
done hy brutal power. It was a
grand , a terrible revelation ! "
"Onl ) ' of middle height , If not shorter .
er , he was uncommonly broad both In !
the shoulders and from chest to back ,
while his thickly set arms , hands , legs ,
feet seemed to have been made or
cast iron. On this herculean body a
big head , with dark complexion , jet
black hair , mustache and beard-tho
two latter somewhat curling-and
deep-cut , large . hut manly . features
rested It might he taken for that of
a Russian gypsy but for the openheartedness -
ednoss or Its expression , while unbounded -
bounded energy flashed from its beau-
Ufu ] , flaming dark eyes "
Such Is the description , given by his
prison friend , Volltho\'sIQ' . of Peter
Alexeyev , the weaver , who , born an illiterate .
literate peasant In a village or the
Smolensk province , taught himself at
the age of 1G 01' 17 to read and write
Becoming familiar with the revolutionary -
Honary literature .of Russia , he joined
the propaganda movement , and at the
age of 20 was already working In ! It !
with all the ardor of a novice
His plan was to travel from one !
weaving mill to another , spending '
enough lime in each to Inoculate his
feIIow-worltmen with the microbe or
political discontent. He was finally
captured In Moscow At the trial he
made R speech which Is memorable In
the revolutionary annals Having refused -
fused the assistance of a. barrister , on
the ground that the verdict had been
arranged beforehand , he proceeded to
deliver R. crushing indictment against
the autocratic regime
'Whlle we are only boys or 9 years
7- s" : t
) KRAVCHIN51 ,
of age , " said he , "we are placed under
the supervision of adults who , by
means of kicks and the rod , accustom
us to being overworked ; any food Is
good enough ; we are choked by dust
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and air polluted with all kinds ot tltt.l1.I
Any place Is supposed to he good \ .
enough for us to sleep In : we have to .
lie down on the floor with no bedding
or pillow , covered with some rags and
attacked by myriads of swarming Pl\r-
Then as to the grown.up workmen
"The ' , " continued Alexeyev , "are
driven Into the most miserable exist.
cnce Seventeen hours' work 11 day .
and hardly 40 kopeks (25 ( cents ) for It" !
It'a horrible ! And while the necessities .
tics of life are so dear , one has to provide - ,
vide out of this scanty wages for ono's
family ) and his paying of taxes. "
The prisoner went on to complain
of the practical serfdom under which
the v. orkmen were compelled to exist
-punished for daring to read books ,
exiled to Siberia for daring to ask for
an Increase of wages. The presiding
judge , who had grown more and more
nervous ' during Alexe'ev's speech ,
Pr. R - '
Yc VOLVTI0N rST .
finally ordered him to stall But the
prisoner raised his' ' voice yet higher in
eulogy or the young revolutionists.
"They alone , " he cried , "have
stretched out their brotherly hands to
us They alone have responded to all
the groans of the peasant , wailing under '
I del' the yoke : of despotism And they
alone will march with U8 all the time
until the workmen will lift up his sin- .
ewy nrm"- Here the weaver raised .
his first and , despite the COUl't's de-
mnnd for "Silence ! " shouted at the
top of his voice , "And the yoke of des-
potism , supported by the soldiers' bayonets . J
onets , will fly to shivers ! "
For ; this speech , which created tre'
mendous feeling In Russia , being ' )
many limes clandestinely published . . . . .
and republished , Alexeyev was exiled
to the Yakutsk province of Siberia for
ten 'ears. After his prison period had
expired be became 1\ "free coloniat. "
His end was hardly less tragic than
that of the exile who committed 8ul.
clde or goes macl-he was murdered
by the Yakut savages.
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Ambassador Choate Popular.
Ambassador Choate is ! by all odds
the most popular American In London.
Ho Is an unusually brilliant conver-
satlono.llst , being gifted also with an
ever ready and pungent wit. It was
noticed at a recent embassy dinner ,
the king and queen being present that
her majesty laughed more heartily
and continuously at the ambassador'
sallies than she had been known to
do for ) 'ears , As a rule an American
is easily distinguished from a native ;
of Great Britain , but this does not
hold good In the rose , of MI' Cboate ,
i who In accent , manner and general
air Is almost Invariably set down hy
those who do not know him as a subject .
ject of King Edward
Creates Demand for Copper.
The enormous Increase In the prediction .
diction and sale of copper , especially
In the United States and Europe , I :
due to the general Increase of electricity