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tAS TO OUR LANDS
: LAWS IN RELATION THERETO IN
NEED OF REVISION.
: SO SAYS THE COMMISSIONER
The Present Statutes Were Enacted
to Meet Conditions Which Have
Passed ( Away-Question of How Best
Ito Take Care of the Grazing Lands.
WASHINGTON-"The land laws of
, 'the ' United States need revision , " said
( Commissioner Richards of the gener-
: al land office today. "Many of the laws
on our statute books are made for con-
ditions which existed twenty years
ago , and quarter sections of land up-
on which homesteaders are permitted
to file must give way to larger areas
0' Y land because the best lands are oc-
loupled. The forestry laws and Umber
: and stone laws also need revision , and
Itho commission appointed by the pres I-
Ldent , consisting of 1\11' Plnchot , head
'of the forestry division of the agricultural -
'tural department ; 1\11' Newall , chief
hYdrographer of the geological sur-
voy and myself , expect to make a re-
port to congress based on an Investi-
gation and data now at hand. And yet
all three of us find It hard to give this
subject the attention It really deserves -
serves because of the dotes ! of our
several positions , which take up all
dour time. "
Upon the subject of the opening of
fthe Rosebud In Gregory county , South
Dakota 1\11' Richards stated that about
half ( the lands had bee taken under
( the drawing at $4 per acre. On Nov-
'ember 8 , three months after the time
: at which the drawing occurred , the
books ( will be closed for those enter
Ting on nomesteads. After November 8
he land remaining may be taken at
: $3 per acre , that period extending for :
( three months , 01' until February 8 of
next ! year. After that date all land
; remaining undisposed of may be filed
lupon at $2.50 per acre for a period of
four 'ears. Upon the termination at i
that veriod the president Is permitted
to dispose at the remainder by sale
under the rules and regrlatIons of thl >
secretary of the interior.
"A most excellent class of people
entered Rosebud country during the
opening of the reservation and draw
lug for locations , " continued Mr
Richards. "Many of them were people
of fair means , otherwise they would 1
not have been able to comply with
the terms laid ] down. These people will
be a great addition to the South Dakota -
l\Ota population , and cannot help but
be good citizens. We have found many '
cases where people , after once look
lug at the land , decided to go else
where , and there are cases where per
sons drawing low numbers have failed
to take advantage of their opportunity
to settle upon much valuable ] ] land. Of
course , this number was small ) ) , but it i
showed that the time between the in
tentlon of filing and the time In which
to put up the money weeded out man '
irresponsible persons and resulted in i
an exceedingly better class of settlers
"One of the geratest problems which
confronts the InterIor department is f
the question of how best to take care
of the grazing lands of the country
Sometimes I think that if we could
lease these ands ] to cattle and sheep
men surrounded with every safe
r guard for the government , that It i
" would be a most excellent ) ) way of
getting out ot existing conditions. As
civilization pushes onward the grent
publIc domain is absorbed and broad
acres or untilled soil grow smaller
every year. The cattlemen and sheep
men , realizing this , drove their herds
far afield , and If the government could
obtain lease money from these cattle
and sheepmen it would ] not only give
them protection , but be adding to the
treasu ' . "
Treaty Peace Signed.
SANTIAGO Dim : CHILI-A treat of i
peace between Chili and Bolivia was II I
sipe4 Monday. :
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JOY OF 'RUSSIANS
Jubilation at St Petersburg Over War
- Is jubll-
'n.Uon ' throughout the city over the
news that General Kuropatldn has resumed -
sumed the offensive , and the holiday ,
which began with little heart , closed .
rlghter. The crowds In the streets
and the illuminations In honor of the I
czarevltch's name day gave a tlngo I
of brilliancy to a11 evening otherwise
depressing , through n' constant drizzle ]
of rain. Newsboys up to midnight
raced through the thoroughfares with
evening extras , shouting "Oreat Rus-
sian Victory , " and crowds bought the
papers. Groups of men in brilliant uni-
formsor , In evening dress at the
hotels end restaurants discussed thq
change In the fortunes of war ; but
the population as a whole were slow
L ( ' tate ] fire. They received the news
of the earlier reverses stolidly and
now accepted reports of Russian suc-
cesses I nd the capture of guns quietly
with satisfaction , but with consider-
Correspondents at the front the past
forty-eight hours had been hutting that
the Russian army vas on the eve of
another advance ; but it was thought . .
here that the troops were too exhausted -
hausted by more than a week of titanic -
tanic struggle to engltge in an hnme-
dlato advance movement. Therefore ,
the neti's of the definite resumption of
the advance was calculated ] to arouse
the greater satisfaction : , hut the real-
Ization of the significance of news permeates -
meates the masses here more slowly
than In American cities. The kaleidoscopic -
coplc changes on the Shaldle have
been too swift for the populace to
follow , and so the better news from
the front has been so far taken ] with
comparative qulot. In the best Inform-
ed circles , however , It hI already accepted -
cepted as true. It Is believed that Gen-
oral Kmopatl\1n . Intended to signalize
the czarcvltch's fete . by a victory just
as the grand Ihllw , Nicholas , IUd at
The failure of the Will' office to gIve
out dispatches Is attributed to the
holiday , the censors commission disbanding .
banding early. The Associated Press ,
however , hears on good authority that
the emperor has received ! n telegram
trom General Kuropatkiit reporting
that the Russians arc moving for-
ward. The reverse sustained by Gen-
oral Yamada's 'olmnn : hUH not been
reported by General : l1I'Oll\tldn ] or
General Salcharoff F 'x'cpt In r fer-
tmces to an unsu'l' : : Hrul attac ] near
'rhe Associated ] Press : ! dispatch evl-
tiently refers to this affair In report-
Ing that the .Taplllw8o left had been
beaten orf with terrible slaughter and
Its retreat cut off by a Russian army
corps. Another Associated Press die-
patch from 1\11:1del1 ] confirms the news
of the Russian ad VHnce. When tele-
graphing late tOlllght the corresponds -
ent says : "Il is rumored that we are
moving ahead. "
There Is no official confirmation hero
of the report from Toldo that a Rus-
sian attack ] 011 the Japanese right au
October 17 had been I'epulsed. If this
report should prove true It may In-
vove ] serious consequences for the
Russians who crossed l the Shaho ]
while the river was fOl'llllbc. ]
WAR WILL BE PROSECUTED.
All Offers of Peace Would Be Re.
Jetted by Russia.
WASHINGTON-Count Cassin j
I , the
Russian ambassador . 111 It conversation . :
tlon with a ( ' arrrpundent < < of the Asso '
tinted Press ; , l'E:1tCl'utc with great-em' ( I
phasls what ho has had occasion to
say several times regarding Interven'
tlon br the powers \ to conclude tile
"There Is , " he bald , "a1 > iQlutely no
opportunity for intervention to stop
the war. Russia proposes to prosecute
the war to the end and all otters 01
peace at this time must be 'ejected. "
The chronIc borrowOr Is ulal1r . . , out . .
OD a. strlko
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l QEWS _ _ _ IN NEBRASKA f
ESTIMATE OF NORMAL EXPENSES
State Board of Education Prepares
Figures for Legislature.
\EARNEY-1'he : State Board : ] or
Education met In this city. The 11I'ln-
dpal business tranancted was lie )11'0' )
paration of the estimate for the Peru
Normal school. It Is aa follows :
Snlaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $71,400
Fuel and light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SOOO
Printing and ornee suppllos. . . . . 1,000
Apparatus and latboraol'Y sup-
plies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,600
Postage , telegraph , telephone ,
freight and 'oXIJre911. . . . . . . . . . . . 900
Furniture and cases. . . . . . . . . . . . 800
Repairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 800
Repairs and ImlJl'OVelntmtli. . . . . j,000 [
Commencement expenses and Incidentals -
cidentals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SOO
- - -
Total ot general expenses. . . . . $18,100
laboratory blackboard . . . . . . . . . $ 6,000
, Adltlon to heating plant ( boilers -
, ers , tunnel and fixtures ) . . . _ . 2,600
Pumping station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2j00 [
- - -
Total for equipment. . . . . . . . . . $60,000
Total for the Peru school----- $99j00 [
The estimate for the Jearne school
'Is ' as follows :
Salaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $47r.OO
Heating plant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16,000
Furniture , blackboard and laboratory -
atory BUpl1CR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GOOO
Fuel , lights and.water. . . . . . . . . . 6,000
Improvements or grounds , water -
ter and sewer connections. . . . 6,000
Postage , telegraph , telephone ,
I freight and expr. ! se. . . . . . . . . . . 900
Printing I : and C1fnco Bllppllc ! . . . . ] , GOO
'Commencement expenses and Incidentals -
cidentals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 800
- - -
Total for the Kearney school. . $82iOO
George A. Bertlnghof , architect oC
the Kearney 'Normal building , submitted -
mUted his report , In which ho says ,
, among other things , that he has recently -
'cently examined the building and fully I .
approves or the substantial character
of the material used In It to dllte.
RUSHING FOR THE ROSEBUD.
Preparing to ProVe Up on Claims That
NORFOLK-Another Influx of people .
pIe toward the Rosebud reservation
\has \ begun. It Is not a repetition of
, the rush which tool : place last sum-
mer , but the traIns between Norfolk
and Bonesteel are just about as long.
It Is a soberer lot of settlers , however ,
moving in This time they are people
In earnest , who arc going to the Rose-
bud not as a gambling lark , but for
seriously ' settling and proving upon
the claims which they drew from
Owing to the fact that the moving
on , according to law , will come In the
dead of a Dakota winter , those per-
sons who drew are making every pos
sible preparation ahead or time , III or-
der that when the times comes for
; Irving there they will have comfort-
, able quarters to OCCIlY. ) HOllf 3 are
, sprouting up all over the count - .
The land office at Chamberlain Is
said to be doing a rushing business
just now , too , owIng to the fact that
relinquishments have become possible
Under the slxtY-dnr limit. Many are
transferring their claims , the average
price being $400 to $500.
Find Floater Near Nemaha.
NE IAHA.-A floater was found In
the Missouri river about four miles
north Of Nemaha Thursday by Wil-
liam Gillespie. The body had evidently -
ly been In the river several months.
In Its trowsers pockets were found a
bunch of keys : , n. pocket knife , 0. rule
and a nail set , such as carpenters use.
The body was boxed and taken to
Must Answer In Court.
OSMOND-Paul Ilawlttor , a farmer -
er at this place and formerly from
Wisner , was arrested on a charge of
assault , committed upon the person
ot a 14-year-old girl by the name or
Black'rivell. . Me was . bound . over for
THE STATE AT LARGE.
l'l'ohlhltlonlsts of Polk county 11avo
l 'lIt ticket III the fielll.
Jacob Bodnm' , a11 old resident of
Plntto county , was found dead In a
: 1IIO.T. l\IcCUl'ty was attached ] by ft
, stallion nt his home at Unad111a and
fatally injur ' ol.
A car loaded with cinders In the
, Union Pacific yards at Columbu&
caught fire and before water could be
turllcd upon It was destroyed.
A new German Lutheran church at
'elbn.sta ] was formally dedicated last
Suudaf. . Bishop Bowman or Omaha
was In charge of the exercises.
Frank .SedJltslty a farm hand who
has been working at Lavltt , was held
UI ) and robbed of $7 while walking
home from Fremont a few nights ngo.
An artesian spring has recently been
discovered on the 1\Iousel ranch seven
mlle northwest of Cambridge , which
is wonder of unusual interest to
Lnying of the corner store of the
new government building at Hnstlngs
took place under the auspices of the
Masons. lIon. W. E. Andrews of Wash-
Ington delivered time tuldress.
Ii" . U. Dyers , all employe of the
Keaton restaurant , Fremont , WAS rob-
bed of $18 at Mr8. West's Albnny.
house by n strange boy whom he be-
rlonded In offering shelter for the
Dr. S. R. 1'owne , state expert on
contagious diseases , accompanied by
Dr. Gabbols of Humphrey , are Invcstl- >
gctmg the epidemic of scarlet fever at .
St. Bernard , a small place nine miles .
northwest of Humphrey. I
At Columbus the little 2-yenr-oldl
daughter of MI' and Mrs. Williams /
Dietrich was found face downward In ,
a tub of water. 'rhe child was appar' '
ent1y dead and the face was turned a :
blue hlack but after some hard work !
lIy till physicians It was resttscltated.
I : nos Perkins ] , the farmer , lIving
eightj3en miles north or Cambridge , '
who was atTested on a counterfoltlng'
charge , January 11 , by the United
States marshal , ls unable to appear tn'
court on aCcollllt of nn Injury caused
by a stroke of lightning recently roe
C. L. ] Iltunmell cashier of the Hum-
1)IJdl ] National hnnlt , caused the ar-
rest of William Perkins ] a young colored -
ored man qulto well ] ] known In police
circles of that section , on the charge
of uttering a forged endorsement on
a. check of small ] ] denomination , which
wus cashed hy the banlt.
F. Blrmer ] , about 70 years old , was
struck ] by the engine of passenger
train No. lG , and Instantly Id11ed. He
was walking on the track ] two miles
west of Red Cloud when the acci-
dent hl\.ppened. Ho was very deaf , to
which ls' attributed his failure to hear
the approach of the train.
Jesse Young , who was tried some ,
time ago for shooting and killing
James Betts last ] spring was brought
into court at Nebraska City and JUdge
Jessen gr..vo him n sentence of thir-
teen years In the penitentiary. The
jury found Young guilty of murder In
the second degl'oe.
Henry M. Wlllls of Blue Spring , who
escaped from the Insane asylum at
Lincoln some time ago , was found
wandering about northeast of Beatrice
and was brought to the county jail
by Deputy Sheriff Moore , for detention
until ho could be sent back to the asy-
lum. He was taken to Lincoln by
The body of Tom Fogarty , aged 45 ,
'If F rt Dodge , la. , was found on the
Union Pacific tracks under the Rlx-
. teenth street viaduct at Omaha. He
W'J.'i' lYing acrQSs one of the rails of . a
sidetrack , beneath a freight car. One
wheel had tJl\saed over the body , cut-
tin ! ? him In two above the hips. The
name Fogarty was tatoooli on the arm.