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title: 'The Falls City tribune. (Falls City, Neb.) 1904-191?, December 09, 1904, Image 15',
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Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
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jmq ) - The Golden Calf.
"Even so It IN not the wl1or \ your :
fiJ Father which Is In heaven that one of
these little ones should ) llllsh.-1'ho ) Sa-
" ' ] 'h , ' child In1.Hlaw has done more
I harm limn good In the stock ) yur s. Children -
. th'cn are better \ off wOI'lclllg.-'l'hc .l\cut I
' Trust. II I
- Work them , work them , work them 1111- :
, Father , mother , daughter . son
I. hinters 1/l'otlles , nil nle one :
. \VoI'I them , work ) them till they fall !
. Old allli young . IIIIlI weak and Mtroll ,
/ t . " \ " ork them hard and 'm'le them long ,
. Let them wear the 0-11'11 : collars
. Grind them grind thelll Into dollars I
. . ,
, 'I Toll them exit iy , toll them larc
I helpless children puny ) slaves ;
! Drive them Into eau ly graves ,
. . ' , Keep ) them at the killing gait !
1 , - : ' , . Wont ! though stunted hu the mind ,
i' : : And the moral ) sight grow blind ,
i ' . . ' ' " Soul and body young raid old
t' - Mint them mint them Into gold !
f Docs the child voice cry to heaven ,
You hut hear the dollars mltlc-
Dollars minted of their life-blood.
I These you chrllllcr hold Hum cattle !
. Listen ! There will come 0. day
" ' \VIIIJII. In no uncertain tone
You will heal' their : \1111el' say :
" "NOW TO l\n YOU SItAI.L ATONE ! "
-lIcIII'y Waldorf FJ'UIICls
I NEWS OF THE LABOR WORLD.
, Items of Interest Gathered from Many
Chicago In 1903 had 250 strikes , In-
solving 135,000 men.
A State Federation of Labor has
been organized In Utah , and efforts
are on foot to thoroughly organize the
t workmen ; : : In that territory.
Philip Welnshelmer , the former
; + . New York labor leader , convicted of
I extortion , was sentenced to state prison -
' , . , ' on for not less than one year and
f. . ' , . eight months and not more than two
. years and eight months.
Trade unions were practically unknown -
\ known In Sweden until toe period 1880
/ , to 1885. The first national organization -
t , .
Uon was formed by the printers In
I 1886. A National Federation of Labor
1 wa organized In April , 1899 , by eleven
1' " . . , . . national unions
'f 1 ' ' Charging violation of an agreement
- ' , ; ! : " 125 girls went on strllo at the shoe
, -1.1. . . . . , , ; , , factory of J. E. Tilt .C Co" , Chicago ,
\i " " , : and unless settled In a. . few days the
, ' , lr' ; . : officers of the union state that 50U
! " " ' other union shoe workers employed
b . . th " " 8 . . . " . . " ill ho called otit in aym-
j U.1 .u e . . rm w , . . " . . . . . . . . . . . . . w . . . . " . . .
+ ' - Since 1884 nearly j00 [ local unions
t , . ' . ' I have been organized In Norway , und
+ ' : ' , , beginning In 1889 various local unions
I , \ : of the same crafts combined Into art -
. ganlzatlons on national lines , In gen-
t' , ernl adopting the system of organization -
t- ' tion which had been established by
' ( the printers.
, . From 10,000 to HiCOO tailors are on
J strike In Chicago They are members
of the Special Order or Clothing 1ul- ; : :
1 " ers and have been employed In the
- : : ' big wholesale establishments which
, , , ' : > make clothes for the trade The
I " : . cause of the strike Is the refusal of '
, ji , ' ' ' ' ' the employers to renew the working
: , , - ; ; ' ' agreement with the unions , which
expired Selt. 17.
Notices were pORted at the mills ot
the five big mines of the Telluride
I ( Colo. ) district that In future the
, eight hour day would proil In the
" mills. 'rho plants concerned are
_ . ; : ; -v- ' those or the Smuggler-Union , Liberty
' 1" ' " Bell , Tomboy , Nellie and Alia. It i
was the demand for this concession i
In the mills of the state that precipi-
tated the big strike In Colorado , and
: ' ; " caused the bitter strife between union-
. , l Ists and mine owners In the Telluride
. and Cripple Creel ; : : districts.
, . . , Preliminary steps were taken at the
f : ' , recent convention or the International
7' ' Longshore , Marine and Transport
: , ; : , - 'Vorlters' Association for the forma-
: , , ' tlon of an organization to Include all
' 4 ! .r. ' . the maritime crafts In the world. The
" association Is directly In touch with
. . continental Europe , Japan and other
maritime countries. An International
, convention of maritime worKers will
L . , . . " . be held In the near future In Sweden ,
' 10 , ,
at which the question or international
federation will be consldercll.
The delegates to the American Federation .
oration of Labor by unanimous vote
decided to aid the striking textile
workers at Fall " HiveI' to the extent of
$ 5OOU per week for three weeks Ir
by time end of that time It Is found
that the strike Is not broken the exec.
utlve cO\lUcil will , If It sees fit , con-
tluuo the donl\tlon. The money Is to
be raised by I\n asr.essment of 1 cent
each week levied on each menrber of
every labor organization \0I1Iated
with the American Federation of
The Associated Stenographers and
'llowI'lters or Chicago has been recently -
cent ) ) ' formed. The objects or the association -
sociation are to promote the welfare
of the momhm's of the profession , to
conduct a free omplormont ; bureau for
Its memhel's , to afford opportunities
for sef.hnlll'ovoment ) by means ot
classes for speed practice In shorthand -
hand , for studying foreign languages ,
otc. ; to have library on sUbjects pertaining -
talnlng to the profession , tn discuss
and deal with all matters of Interest
to stenographers , and generally to
raise the status of the pl'Ofesslon.
The first Danish trade union formcd
for the specific lJ\\I'JSO of securing
higher wages and shorter hours , was
organized In 1869. During he t years
1871-1878 about thirty unions were organized -
ganized 111nny or which were of a
semi-political charnel or. From 1878 to
188 the trade union movement progressed -
gressed very slowly and was confined
lu the main to the City of Capon-
h:1gen. : Iieginniug with the l' I : > .lter year
the organizations began to spread to
other parts of Denmark , and since
1895 trade unions have been estab-
IIshcd throughout the country nt lal'ge :
Bonier D. Call ' ' of
om CI' , secretary the
Amalgamated Meat Cutters and /
Butcher Workmen , Is In Chicago , and
a. series of mass meetings os being
arranged to reorganize the slcillad
men In the packing houses who have
shown apathy toward the union since
the close of the strl1to. It Is said that
the big packers are now consulting
with sumo nf the lnrger independent I ;
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . "O . . . . , , - , , - . . , , - . . .
plants with a. . view to reducing the
wages of the slellled butchol's. Already
overtures have been made to tile
United Dressed Beef company of St.
Louis to join with the big pnclers tend '
At Cripple Creek , Colo" , No18 , District -
rlct t Attorney 1'rowbrldge dismissed
the cases of forl-three men who had
been charged with complicity In the
Independence depot explosion and the
Victor riot or June 6 last. Two ot
the men had been In jail five months.
The others were out on honds. There
remains similar charges against sovon-
'tecen coon Including Charles H.
Meyer , president , and William D. Hay-
wood , secretary treasurer or the West-
01'11 Federation of Miners , but It Is
Iiollhtflll whether these cases will
ever ho tried. Since the election
about fifty men who had been deported -
ed have returned to the district and
have not beeen molested.
The reports ot the offfcersot . the
American df'ratlon of Labor In Its
twent.fourth annual convention fn
San Francisco , point out more strongly .
ly than anything else the steady
growth of that body , beginning with
Its Initial meeting In Terre Haute ,
Ind , In the summer of 1881 , and its
first convention In Plttsburg , Pa. , In
November of the same 'oar. The
men and women In lie meeting In
San Francisco represent In round
numbers 1,700,000'ago.earners , and
It Is the general belief and aim or the
officers or that body , with the assist-
ance of those of Its affiliated unions ,
to have 2,000,000 enrolled under the
broad banner or the American Federation -
atlon of Labor when It meets In twen-
t.firth annual convention anti cole'
brutes its silver nnntver8al' next
The J\mOl'lcan Federation of Labor
convention adopted a resolution asIc-
lug congress to give payment to government '
OI'nnHmt worlnnon for all overtime
performed ) hy them In excess of eight
hours Il day since May 19 ! ) , 1861 , the
matter to be adjudicated by 11. court
of claims. A movement tO mnleo the
union label 11I0re effective was IlII-
proved , and a universal label was
, urged. A proposal to ask ; : : the secretary .
, tary of commel'co and labor to np-
point a strike arbitration board was
lost , ns were proposals of worllng-
men's banks and for settlement of the
question of trades autonomy It was
voted to nsle congress to prevent en-
listed muslclnlls from competing with
The lumber Industry , which wait the
fOUndation for the growth / of Clinton ,
Iowa , has como to all end and doubtless .
less not another log will ever he sawed
In what was formerly crown ] as the
old City of Cllnon. ( 110wever , the
Joyce mill , located In what was for.
merly the old City of Lyons , will conS
tlnuo for a few more 'ears. At one
time nearly aooo men were employed
In the saw mills In the city told mil
lions of feet of lumber were cut nn-
nually. Scarcity of logs compelled the i
mills gradually to close down. 1'l1ls Is '
true of all the cities along the Mississippi -
slppl river und within five years the
lust 111111 will have censed operations
and n great industry will have passed
into hlstor ' . -Chlcago Recorcl . Iierald.
Following are the receipts and cx-
pelullt1l1'cs of the American Federation
of Labor front 881 to 1904 :
Year HCCI' pts. EXJl'ndlturel'
18SI. . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 1 dNi $ 36,20
188'2. I : ! . . . . . . . . . . . 12r.OO i2,21i : ! !
883. . . . . . . . . . . . 690.19 ! ! 3f.2.32
] s I. . . . . . . . . . . . . 33G,22 3t .Oi
iss . . . . . . . . . . . . . ssi.o . : ; 450.68 .
18811. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4i4l1 1i10.6 :
ISSi , . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.39S ! ! : : ! 2.074,31\ (
888. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4r.12f 3.933G7
ass : ! . . . . . . , . . . . . . G,8:18.40 : Gi78,33 !
11\90. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2JSI9.i : 21,070i7 !
1S1 ! . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.702,31i 3,190,0
] 892. . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,1'34,51 18,324.GII
um : ! . . . . . . . . . . . . , 20,864.6'2 .3HI.tG ; :
1891. t . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,346.4:1 ! : : I 7.302O :
1895. . . . . . . . . . . . . t.i1.7i : ! ! 15,612.42
1896. : . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,290,111 1i,41\2.15 ! !
187. ! . . . . . . . . . . . . 18G311\l2 14.:1,8:1 : :
1898. . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 , t1I,1fi ! 9.97.17
S91. ] ! . , . . . . . . . . . . O.7r.7.13 : : 30,1iI,2 ! ! : :
1900. ! . . . . . , . . . . . . 71 , 125.82 GS,373,3 ! !
HIO . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115,220.89 I ! ! ! 11 S , 7I1S.1 : !
1:10 : : ! . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] 401,498,2119,086,74
\90:1. \ : . . . . . . . . . . . . 247 , 802,96 196OlS ! ) t ! , 57
1904 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220,995,97 203.991.5
Thomas I. Kllh1 , who has just refused -
fused further election as national head
of the woodwol'lOrs , has an Interest-
Ing editorial on "Democracy In Labor
Unions" In the International WOQd.
worl\Cr. 110 says : "Our 'bost citizens'
bewail the fact that there Is cQrnll
tlon In politics , but they stay at home
on days when there are primary elec.
tlons. So with the runl and file of
the unions. 'rhey want to see every-
thing conducted us It should bo , but
they stay nt home and lake no inter-
eat In the meetings- They leave It to
a few men to conduct the business.
'rhon whim some proposition comes up
that they are summoned to vote on ,
they turn out and vote It down , not
because they have considered the mat-
h'r , but because the 'cllque' that runs
the union favors It. "
The Cincinnati Chronicle says ! ! :
"When the members or a trade union
have , by the expenditure of their own
time and means , created certain conditions .
dltlons ncccJar ! ) ' to their safety and
well . being In a given industry or institution .
stltutlon , It Is morally their right and
logically their duty to Insist that the
non-unionist who seeks to share these
conditions shall first agree to share
the labor and expenditure ncccssar
to their malntenunco ; In other words ,
to insist that he shall join the union. "
Such Is the main contentions of the
trade unions In so far us the non-
unionist Is concerned , anti upon this
principle rests the socalled "closed"
sholl. For his own sake , as well as
for the benefit of all workingmen , the
nonunionist Is asked to join the union.
If ho refused he cortalnl has no right
to complain when union men decline
to work with himIf ho Is willing to
accept the benefits which unavoidably
come to him because or unionism
without making some return for them ,
that Is a matter he must square-If
he can-with his own conscience.
TWICE MARRIED IN AN HOUn
Speeding Auto Helped Couple Out of
'rWIC1Q ! married within an hour-tho
Recunll thud In I1n Ilutolllohllo-was
the romantic termination ot Ito courtship .
hlll of Chl'lntian Sl1Isth\ , a young
business ! JUl\n of Parlcslon S. D. , and
time lady ot' his choice , who carte from
lown for the 1I111'POBO of uniting her
fortunes with those or the young
1\11' Slllstla , after producing a marriage .
I'lngo license , met his sweetheart at
Scotland , Bon 1Ioml110 county , where
they W'I'O 111'01111111) weddell by 11ev.
A. 1\1. 'I'hurston
When the ma1'l'ln/c / certificate was
being prepared It waR 1liscovercl1 that
he l lI1al'l'llIgo IhellHo : hall been Issued
. In IlutchlntJolI cOl1nt . ,
As the state law requires marriage
ceremonies to ho performed In the
county In i which 11. license IH issued ,
the pair were In a q\1I\IHlr until the
clol'g'l1tan's wife cume to their rescue t
hy suggesting that they induce Dr.
Songley a local Ihyslcilln , to tale thin
wedding party 111 his automobile
across the border to llutchinson count
The couple , together with the clerg '
titan nnd physician , got Into the auto-
mobile , which was soon speeding In
the direction of time lIutchlnson county '
ty t lllle , only n few miles aWII ) ' .
An soon as the party had croasad
the border , ttndehile time ahtomobllo
was spinning over n public hhhwny , anew
lOW lI1url'laso cerCluon was pel'
t01'l110c1.-New YOl'lc World.
' "N\ ' S
The inventor nays this umbroll"
leaves the hands ( reo. The dottoJ
lines show how It may bo shifted tic-
cording to the direction of the rain ,
Came Over Ocean In Washtub.
An aged apple tree stands on the
Premise of Henry Coleman at Dover
Neck , In the hostorlc locality of the
first permanent settlement of New
Tradition says that the tree' came
over from England In a washtub. It
I. Dot known who brought It , nor In I
Irticlsely : what year It arrived , but tn
view of time fact that It Is on land
originally ! owned hy the Hilton family ,
then Is every reason to suppose that -
It voyaged with the first shipload oS
; lathers , In the spring of 1623 , when
according to the earliest record , " ( hi
Illltuns Ret up their stages at Dover , "
Jthers or the com pan ) ' having r&
l1\alnell \ for a time at the first landing ,
soar the mouth of the Plscntaqui I ,
Artistic Artificial "Calves. " :
Among German sportsmen there II
t rage for English Icnlclorbocltors and
t shortage of muscular development
s said to have been noticed among
ho German huntsmon. An ontorlrls- F
ng human xldremlst" has clrculat-
Id a price list or artificial calves.
The ) calves supplied br our firm , "
tins the advertisement , "have Leon
: eslgned by skilled anatomists and
re modeled on the finest sculpture
t classical antiquity. "