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TI'CKH.1 nwoy In tlio very licnrt
of central Europe, whero Ilia
vii st nrmlos of hnlf u doion na
tions II rtl llglltlllR IllO blggCSt
war In Jilntury, In ono of tlio
smallest and BlruiiRest territorios In
tlio world, known officially nn tlio Neu
tral Territory of Moresnct. An encir
cling ridge of high mountains verita
bly buries It from nolRhlmrlnR civili
zation mid culturo mid leaves It In a
little world ot Its own. Hut It Is not
bo strange. It Is tlio fact that, for
nearly n century, tlio Inhabitants havo
never experienced tho feeling of bolng
under tlio rulo of an emperor, king or
president. Tlioy nro Independent, rov
erncd by no ono, at liberty to do ns
tlioy please, for, after tho Vienna con
gress of 1815 Morosnet was granted
an Independent constitution, guaran
teed by Prussia nnd Helglum. Only
114 Miunrci miles In extent Its land
worth, pcrhapH, Is greater per squaro
root than Unit of nny other sovereign
stale. In tlm Interior Is ono ot tlio
richest zinc mines In the world, which
years ot uctlvo working havo failed to
A largo percentage of tho Inhabi
tants of tho territory 1110 miners, row
venturo boynnd tho confines of tho
unlet llttto valley, though tlm bustling
rtiminorelal city of Aix-la-Chapello Is
but live miles uwny to tlio northeast,
and Mogo lies only 28 miles westward,
TÍiis population tins grown since 1815
from 250 to more than 1,000.
How It Is Governed.
Tlio local government of Moreanel
during Its hundred years of Ufo Is In
teresting. When Helglum urn! Prussia
nacli milt! "hands off" In ISIS, each
cinintry secretly Intended to keep ouo
oye on tho territory. This policy wns
unrrled out until 1811 Under the nr
liuigoiuuut tho neutral state was sub
ject tu a Joint goveruuiPiit by both mv
(loot. In 1841 Moresiml itclvcil an
mlUilnUtratlon ot Us own. A burgo
liuiiter, or mayor, and n council of ten
Members was the form or rule so
iMtMl. linea 1SI1 tho state lias worked out
lia ovni affairs, Nominally the burgo
nMMter la apuolnted nlluruatuly by
QaJfiuni ami Prussia, but In reality
tUHl practico the Mnrosnstlans ohnoso
UlWr own uxveuttvo. The council
lgHnUare obtain their olllcos at u vil
tti olacllou ovory year.
Tim Inhabitants ho luollued decide
Ihiilvtdunlly whether thoy will por
form military duty for l'russla or for
Ualglum. and tho result has been n
arty even division, with Helglum
Betting a shade of advantage. It Is
ItUaraetlng tospeculnto Just how many
fntlisrs and suns, brothers nnd cousins
ra uow lighting against each other,
lid how much cousturnutlou must
ÍIATO bcu caused lu Morcsnet by the
jfinusn declaration of wur on Hoi
KtUin. The Inhabitants also decido whether
Uloy will accept tho Jurisdiction ot
Priigeian or of llulglau courts. As a'
result, tho wrongdoors of Moresnct
rhonso In such n way ns tu suffer as
lightly as possible.
.Moresnct boasts ot no customs or
tariffs, llelglan and Oorman goods
can go In or out of tho territory with
out restriction, llowover, to prevent
goods of ono nation from being stored
In Moresnct for n couplo of days and
then sent over tho other boundary
freed from duty, both countries keep
customs olllclnls on tho watch.
Land taxes aro also divided betweon
Helglum nnd l'russla,
Within tho last IB years Prussia has
shown nn Inclination to dopart from
her long policy ot noninterference,
and has harried Morosnot with two
main objectives. She has sought to
compel tho people of tho llttlo terri
tory to declaro tholr desire- to becomo
German subjects, and has also striven
to drlvo tho government of Helglum
Into surrendering Its rights, l'nr be
yond any expectations, Moresnct citi
zens havo stanchly uphold their Inde
pendence, maintaining that the com
pacts between Prussia nnd HolRlum
should never bo Bovered, Helglum
has also remained stolid, oven refus
ing to relinquish lior claims l'i ex
chango tor n substantial Indemnity.
Thoro hnvo ovon been somo In Del
glum w'.oso doctrino It was to sur
render Moresnct, with the natural ex
pectation that normally would, by
reason of tho concession, supimrt Hoi
Blum in moro Important mutters. A
favurnblo treaty wus not thought un
likely. lu 1005 German papers suddenly de
clared that both .Muresuet and Hoi
glum wero willing Oormany should
namimo control of the little torrltory.
It wns even Intimated that Helglum
was willing to sell lior rights.
Two years later the people of Mores
nut nnswerod (lermany In n more ma
terial way. A plebiscite, somewhat
in tlio form of a straw voto, was held,
and nine-tenths of tho voting popula
tion wero for nunoxtttloii to Hel
glum lu ensa niiuexntlou to ono or
the othur country wus domnndod.
With tho exception of tho burgomns
tor, a Herman, tho wholo communal
council voted with the majority.
Such ii state or nffnlrB befólo tho
present war leads to vnrled specula
tion as to tlio ultlmnto disposal ot tlio
property when peace Is declared.
No Coinage and No Police,
Muresuet has no dlstlncttvo coins or
legal tender. Tho spoclo of tlormany
and Helglum Is freely exchangeable
Thoro nro no pollco to pntrol Mores
net, for thuro nro no such incunces ns
burglars or other crlmlnnls. A small
number ot town guards aro named
each year by the society, but1 .liolr du
ties uro never strenuous.
Tho town lias a polyglot population
of Ucrmiin, ricmlsh, Dutch nnd llel
glan families, but tho modern educa
tional system Instituted sovcrnl years
ago has since tonded to wold thd pro
pio Into either Germans or Ilclgluns.
LURE OF STRENGTH
By IDA 8PEED.
They wero nbout half a mile away
when they saw tho cowboy nt tho wlro
tonco waiting for thorn.
Ho had dismounted nnd was stand
ing by his pony feeling n llttlo nervous
for about tho first timo In his cow
Donlta wns so young, tin could soo
from thoro how orcct she sat her llttlo
bluo pony, and ho knew how fetching
ly she could look nt ono from beneath
that turned-down Mexican hut.
All tho long afternoon she'd been
glancing nt him thus, and after thnt
HomcthliiR caught In his strong, mus
cular throat nftor that bIio would bo
his beyond tho powor of law or pa
Ho could seo her llttlo gnuntloted
hand now rnlsed nbova tier head In sa
lute Ho wnved back nnd presently
Jerkod looco tho thrco strands of wlro
which hern stapled Into the crooked
cedar post and stood cn them while
sho rodo out of lior father's ranch
"U't 'em up, .llui," said tho homely,
bald-headed man who had accompanied
her this far. "Thli- lets mo out. It's
mo for tho ranch."
"Oood-by oh, and thank you,
Hnldy," said tho girl, smiling at him,
"Wo'll do ns much for you somo day."
"Ho good, and If you can't bo good,
bo pretty," admonished Jim, as he
"Aillos," called Ilaldy, Ignoring his
friend, "nnd good luck to you," nnd
Jabbing his spurs Into his pony ho
was gono In tho direction wlicnco lie
had Just como.
Tho man nnd girl rodo on townrd
tho south. Ho looked lior ovor af
fectionately. Sho rodo truo westorn fashion, well
back lu lior saddle, heels down, and
toes pointed out. Ilelilnd her a bundle
was tied by tho leather l-ongs of the
"Heauty," ho said caressingly, "did
you hnvo troublo gottln' uwuy from
Mil and stepmother?"
"Not ii bit," alio said, and tossed lior
head. "Ilaldy called to mo to como
nhoad It I wns Roln' to Unelo Hen's to
stny nil night nnd he'd rldo as far ns
tho south pasturo fonco with mo And
ho did," sha laughed, Intoxicated with
tho bravado of their plan for elope
ment. "Huldy's n Rood old button," said
They rounded an undulating hit ot
prnlrlo nnd lu tho dlstanco, to tho
right, a windmill camo In view.
"Wo'll go by tho shack," ho said,
"and you can rost a whllo."
Hut boforo thoy reached It, there
wero two hours of rlilliu; lu tho beat
lug July sun.
Thoy -had turnoil toward tho west
uow mid sometimes Jim huid Ills big
cowboy lint boforo hor face tu shield
her eyes from tlm gliue.
The heat waved rose nnd danced on
tho surface of the shrubbery, tho crick
ots nnd locusts chirped lu unceasing,
Then the exuberance of llutilta's
spirits died out gradually until alio
was only a tired llttlo maid with sun
burnt cheeks anil lips almost blistered
lu tlio Intenso hunt.
Ilo tr'ed to clioof her with plans for
tho futuro and ninny yams of tho sort
which hitherto hud held her spell
bound. 8onietlino8 an Irreslstlhlo yearning
toward her swopt over him, mid luí
reached out for her hand on tho luidlo
ruin and crushed It In his own big,
rough pnw. Onco he rodo near enough
to bend ovor and kiss her rheok.
When thoy reached his shuck at last
Honltn had become dlllldont.
Sho protested feebly that thoy niiRht
not to gn In, but sho wns tired and hot
nnd allowed horsolf after nil to bn
lifted down from hor saddle and al
most carried In the homo.
It wns ii one room thnck of rough
lumber, with u lean-to kltchon lu tho
Tliero wns n bed In ono cornor with
a decent unlit and two pillows with
snowy slips. Tho Moor was brushed
clean, nnd two empty cracker boxes,
In lieu of chairs, was all tho room con
tained, except n Riimll tine trunk.
Jim wont for a fresh bucket of
water, nnd ns Donlta stared nbout hor,
tho lust remnant of romaneo sllppod
nwoy nnd sho wns seized with n com
pleto revulsion of feeling.
Slio pictured tho big, low-colled
rooms of tho much liouso of her fa
ther, the dainty muslin curtains, tho
plana, the comfortable rocking chnlrs,
and tho now velour-covereil davenport
foldlnR I d of which sho and Mil had
boen so proud.
Jim returned with tho water, ror
want of a chair, tho weary girl had
dropped down on the side of tho bed
and half-reclined against n pillow. Ho
dipped up n dripping cupful nnd gnvo
It to her, setting the bucket on ono of
Hlin drank long and deeply, and ns
ho wntched lior thoro In his house, sit
ting on his bed, alt tho hunger and
loneliness nnd untutored dcslra In Ilia
being swelled up.
Ho dropped on his knees beside- her,
nnd threw his arms nbout hor, holding
her close, drawing her fnco down to
his and covering It with kisses, which
In his rough tendoruoss, ho mined an
cheek and Hps, and eyes ami brow.
"You arc mino mine!" ho snld
softly and huskily.
At nnnthcr limo sho would hnvn sur
rendered happily, but In her present
mood, tho remoteness ot tho spot, their
absoluto aloofness from htimnn con
tact, tho bareness of this, his home,
In n panic she fought him off.
Sho flung tho cup across tho room,
spattering tho clean bonriU ot the
lloor with tho remaining drops.
"Oh!" sho cried, "I want to go back,
Jim. I'm afraid! I can't rook nnd
wash, and nnd alt the rest. I don't
want to mnrry you or anybody. I
wnnt to rldo and have beaux and sleep
Ho was an his feet bcslda her now,
with a different look on his strong
features, Ills crooked mouth was nl
most a straight lino, His eyes wero
serious with purpose,
"Mttlo girl," ho said In ft slow, hurt
voice, "wo'll go on to tho Pltchtork
ranch tonight. If ou ara ot tho samo
opinion tomorrow, I'll tnko you home.
As tor tho work hero, nnd and tho
rest, I hadn't thought ot your mlndln'
"I hnd meant to help, I had ex
pected to glvo you ovory minute of my
timo that I could spare from mnkln' a
llvln' for us both. I had wanted to
dovoto It oil to maklir you happy. I
lovo you! Hut It's up to you,"
And so thoy rodo on In silence until
sundown, when thoy camo to the homo
much or tho Pitchfork outfit and
Honltn was taken Into tho arms of old
Mrs, Durkln, who thought tlioy wero
thoro to niako hor n friendly visit, and
mildly remonstrated with them for
not coming sooner.
Honlta was tired and dlstrnught.anil
went to bod enrly. "flood night" wus
tho only thing Jim hud sutd to her
from tho timo they arrived. She was
homesick and penitent,
Next morning after brenkfnst sho
was on tho back porcli watching the
group or men nt tho hitching post.
In fringed "chaps" nnd with n bluo
bandanna knotted nbout his neck, Jim
was leaning ngalnst n wagon wheel
with his lint pulled down over his fnco
and an air or utter dejection about
"Aro you goln' to try Old Kuglo,
Jim?" nskml a heavy-set man.
"I don't know," suld Jim, "but I enn
It behooves u man to talk discreetly
In n country whero ho hns to prove
ovory boast nnd threat, Hut ho wus lu
no mood to rem- danger, ,
So ho Hung down his clgurutto, took
his rope rrom whero It was fastened
to his suddlo which lay on the ground,
mid turned toward the corral without
"Whnt Jim Roln' in do?" culled ono.
"Itldu hint," uiisworcd laconic Jim.
Ami suiting tho action to tho word, ho
roped tho old oriol, and, utter somo
trouble, got tho saddle on him, and
Tho outlaw plunged and pitched a
fow times, then reared on his hind legs
and fell lok. .llni hit the ground on
Ami when Old Hnglu rolled aver, ho
set his hlgh-heoled boot on tho mid-dle-horu
nnd held him still.
Then tho nlr wus petiotrntrd by a
"Jim," It called, "muku those men
let you hnvo your saddle. It's gottln'
Honlta was standing on tho porch,
from which vmitnga point she had
brrathlossly watched hor lover's por
formalice. Jim inndo, ror tho house, and 'V,cn
he arrived sho handed him u dipper or
water from out of tho ciinvns-covered
wntor bucko, which was suspended by
n wlro rrom tho porch celling,
Tho drops or sweat rolled from his
ruco down on his neck where tho
strong muscles moved us he swal
lowed. Tho pride or possession filled hor.
She fanned him coquoltlstily with n
ridiculous llttlo Jnpuucso rim,
Mrs. Durkln appeared In tho door
way, wearing u grt-on-checked ging
ham apron, her spectacles on top or
her gray head.
Honlta wns looking very maternal
"You shouldn't have got so hot,
Jim," she said, nuthorltntlvuly. "Wo
hnvo a long rldo boforo us."
"Why, mercy mo, honey," snld old
Mother Durkln, "you're not goln' home
this moriilu'? Why, you'vo skeersely
"No, wo'ro not Roln' home," said
Honltn. positively, with her now ulr of
usstiraiico. "Wo'ro goln' to town to
got married, and It's a Rood ten miles.
Snddlo up tho horses at onco, Jim."
Jim lot tho dipper slldo back Into
tho bucket with n splash nnd hurried
to tho corrnls, while old Mrs. Durkln
folded Honlta In her cnpa'iojs, moth
HAS APPROVAL OF ALL
NO MI8TAKE POS8IDLE WHEN A
8PONQE CAKE 18 PROVIDED,
Method of Preparation Carefully Olveit
by an Expert Who Knows Just
How It Should De Put To
gether for Ocst Results.
Ono of the finest llttlo things tor
tho expert housowlfo to know Is how
to tnko certain portions or flour, eggs
nnd sugar and whip them swiftly Into
tho shnpo of spongo cake. Is thoro
nny man, woman or child of right
mind who does not llko n properly
bnl-.od "spongo cako?" Kcho answers
nono. An old hand furnished tho Star
with the neccssnry method In caretul
detail. Hero It 1b:
Tho proper requisites ror cako bak
ing oro somo deep, round-bottomed
bowls ror mixing, ono to bo laroo
enough to hold cntlro mixturo when
donoj n regulation graded ono-half-Pint
measuring cup, standard ten nnd
tnblospoon, a good perforated mixing
spoon, flat egg whip nnd revolving
Tho correct molds ror enko nro bo
constructed thnt thoy require no greas
ing! n (Jcrmnn "spring rorm" or those
with removnblo slides whero n knlfo
con be slipped In to cut out tho cako
nro tho best; It round molds nro used
solect thoso with a tubo In renter:
thoy hold up tho dollcnto mixtura
whllo raising and cut moro ovcnly.
Tho object of ungrenscd molds la
twofold. It Is decldodly cleaner, and
cake baked that way Is moro dcllcnto.
As tho batter rises It. clings to sides
nnd tuba and stays thoro lil.tll cut
nut, whllo n greased mold lets cako
slldo down and sag oven during the
linking. Tho egg cakes should bo In
verted with tho mold ns soon ns taken
from tlio oven nnd allowed to hang
whllo cooling: this stretches tho enko
and Increases It materially In stzo.
When whipping whites tor cakos al
ways uso a Mat egg whip and uso It
with long oven stroke; this Incloses
nlr and mnkes enko light; on tho other
hand, ror Icings or merlngno n rovolv
lng egg bentor should bo used, as a
closo-grnlncd consistency Is desired ror
thnt purpose, When told to told In
sugar or Hour uso n lint whip or spoon
and combino material with a dipping
motion, never boat, whip or stir nt
that stuRo, or cako will ho tough. Tho
raro or Ihcso light cakes whllo baking
can bo summed up ns follows: Tho
first ton to twenty minutes tho heat
should bo moderate, tho enlio must
liso slowly to top ot pun without
browning, then heat can bn Increased,
At all times wntcli cnrefully. As soon
as ovon gets ton hot open oven door
and let hot nlr escapo; this will
chungo the (ompcrnturo nt onco.
Do not bo arrnld that cold nlr may
chill cake. Ah tho hot air escapes It
will keep tho cold from penetrating. A
few asbestos sheets nro useful to
plnco nbovo orbulow enko If li browns
too fnst. To ascertain when cakes
nro done press top with linger tips, It
It rebounds without making n hissing
sound nnd the enko has shrunk
sIlRhtly, It Is done. Tnko from ovon,
carefully Invert tho mold, being care
ful that no draft ran strlko It, and lot
stnnd until cold. When enko has been
cut from mold placo Inverted on flat
plato, rub oft tho llttlo lonso furry
particles thnt i.iay bo on sides nnd top,
then cake Is ready for Icing.
As n last caution to tho Inexperi
enced cook let .no say novor substi
tuto other material for that called tor
In theso recipes: rspeclnlly docs this
npply In tho flour. Pastry Hour Is so
superior to tho "spring wheat" lor all
calces and pastry that tho small dif
ference In prlco should not bo con
sidered. (Iranulntod sugar must bo
lino grained, nnd be suro to noto tho
difference In "powdor and confection
er's supnr" tho formor Is jxtremety
fino grained nnd used lu baking, whllo
tho latter Is smooth llko stnrch and Is
best for Icing, etc. Washington Star.
Always soak fiosli IIbIi In n quart
of water to which n toaspoonful ot
salt has been ndded or moro salt nnd
water In pioportloii. Then rlnso It
well mid dry It cnrefully with n clean
To Get Rid of Mice.
Cayenne popper Is excellent to rid
cupboards ot mico. Tho floor should
bo gono over cnrefully, nuil ench holo
stopped up with a plcco ot rug dipped
In water and then In cayenno poppor.
For Cleaning Forks.
A llttlo woodeu-tlncd fork, each tino
bound with cloth, Is used to clean
forks. Tho tinos of tho toodon fork
are run between those of tho forks io
bo cleaned, and they romavo oory
etcck of soil.
8oda for White Furniture.
White furulturo Is best cleaned by
being wiped with a soft cloth mois
tened In a solution of baking Bodan
tcaspnanful of soda to a pint of warm
water and rubbed with a dry cloth