Newspaper Page Text
ACCOMAC C. H., VA., SATURDAY,; SEPTEMBER 5 1885,
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
AT ACCOMAC C. ff., VA.
Owner and Editor.
FLETCHER & PARRAMORE,
A T T O E N E Y S-A T-L A W
Accomac C. H., Ya.
One member of this firm will visit
Chincotengue the Monday before
every county court, atid remain
there two days. Prompt attention
given to" all business placed iu their
John J. Gunter. John W. ?. Blackstono.
G?NTER & BLACKSTONE,
A TTORNE YS-A T-LA IF,
Accomack C. H., Va.,
will practice in the Courts of Accomack
and Northampton counties.
L. FLOYD NOCK,
AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
Accomack C. H., Ya.,
will practice in all courts of Accomac
and Northampton counties. Prompt
attention to all business.
JUDGlT GEO. T. GARRISON,
ATTOU N E Y-AT-LA W,
Accomack c. II., Va.
Has resumed the active practice of
his profession and solicits the patron?
age of his friends. Office?opposite the
private entrance of the U addy Hotel.
DR. LEWIS J. HARMANSON,
Office?Opppsite Baptist church,
Accomack county, Ya.
Office hours from Si a m. to 5 p. m.
Will visit Eiislville every county
l\upert J. "Christian,
IVA CHA PRE A GUE, VA.
Bricklayer & Plasterer,
Offers his services to the public by
the Day or Contract. Will furnish all
material when desired. H? has had sever?
al years experience as a practical work?
man and will guarantee satisfaction.
BLACKSTONS & BELL,
Accomack C. H., Va.,
a-jull LT>JE of
&C., teC, &c?, &c?,
koot on hand for sale at lowest prices.
^Building lob for Sale and
^Houses for l\ent
The undersigned respectfully in?
forms the public that, he will have
laid off soou iu sizes to suit,
which he will offer for sale at rea?
sonable prices and on easy and ac?
commodating terms. He offers also
FOR RENT?a two-story dwelling
with lot attached, also, a dwelling
with or without a one-horse farm.
For further particulars address
Ben W. Rflears,
KELLER STATION, VA.
The undersigned, in the interest
of the VALLEY MUTUAL LIFE
and VIRGINIA FIRE AND MA?
RINE Insurance Companies, will
make frequent visits to Accomack
and will be glad to have the patron?
age of those desiring their risks
carried by good companies. All i
communications promptly attended
6. G. SAVAGE. Agent,
Eastville, or Shady Side, North?
ampton county, Va.
Q, We lly Gms?v
Carpenter and Builder,
accomac C. H.. T~ ' ,
Dwellings, Storehouses, Churches,
built by the day or contract, accord?
ing to the latest styles and improve?
ments in architecture.
Plaus and Specifications Furuished
at reasonable rate \
References?Mr. George \Y. Kel?
ly, Onancock; Messrs. Jno. J. Black
stone and James H. Parramore, Ac?
comac c. ii., va., and other numer?
Ageut of Patented Ready Roof?
ing, warranted not to leak. Sold
at one-half the cost of shingles.
^Boot and Sljoemaker,
Accomac County, Va.
gd^Offers his services to the pub
lie. First-class workmanship and
good fit guaranteed. The latest
styles always on band, and work
done to suit the taste of every cusi,
3. H. BIRD. G. TII08. BIllD,
KELLE it STATION,
Accomac county, Yet.
Contractors & Builders
Have a large corps of competent work?
men constantly employed, and will make
contracts for building houses on any
part of the Eastern Shore. Elans, speci?
fications, estimates of Churches,Houses,
Earns and Bridges furnished on short
notice. All shop work finished with care
and dispatch. With an experience of
several years as practical mechanics, we
believe we can give perfect satisfaction.
Thanking our former patrons, we re?
spectfully ask a conti nuance of their pa?
tronage. J. H. BIKD & BRO.
New store. New Go??s.
HEAD OF BRADFORD'S NECK,
Accomac county, Va.
Dealers in Dry Goods, Notions, Boots,
?"Beady-Made (nothing and Ladies']
Dress Goods specialties
Their new store recently completed
is well stocked iu fact with ev?
erything usually ke.pt iu a
first-class con n t ry s tore.
?5PBar room removed to a sepa?
Accomac C H., Va.
DUFFIELD SAVAGE, Prop.
BOARD 81.50 PER DAY.
Rates by tlio Week or Montli ^lvcu ou Application.
Livery Stables Attached.
and passengers convoyod to any point of tho Pe?
ninsula with Cntufort and Ulspatcli,
and at Low Rates.
Hacks will Conucct with all 'che j
trains of Xcw York, Philadelphia and j
Norfolk railroad at Tasley station.
Manufacturers ? f
Accomac County, Virginia,
Wish to call the attention of the farm?
ers of Accomac and Northampton
counties to their different grades of
Pure Fish Guano,
all of which they are prepared to supply |
those wishing a first-class fertilizer.
They have established a depository at |
Custis' Wharf, Powelton. where farm?
ers may purchase in quantities to suit.
Prices until further rocice, as follows \
Two-thirds dry 20 0< >.CASH.
For further particulars, call on or ad
E. B. FINNEY, Agent,
Accomac county, Va.
STANDS AHEAD OF ALL OTHERS
In Quality and Simplicity.
Tt hao nn Biiral others Dlow aiul try|
11 lido 11U UlVdl.to put it down, but|
It Stands Bold at the Feont.
Having sold over 400 in 1881,1S82 and |
1SS3, shows that the
People of Accomac Appreciate Its Merits,
I can seil you other machines for less j
price, Singer pattern, drop leaf and two j
drawers, for S25 00;/Wilson, Domestic,
Howe aud any other pattern. Will sell
the Royal St. John, drop leaf and six (6)
djjwers, for J33P.00, but I cannot put
with these inferior
machines, as to the
price. Having sold machines for nearly
fourteen years, gives me a chance to
know something of the tricks which
others practice on those who are not
posted in machinery. If
You Want a Goo? Sewini Machine
come and see me, or write to me, and I
WILE SELL YOU ANT MACHINE I
that can be bought,"
but none so good as
Also, a large stock of FURNITURE,
MATTRESSES, &&, on hand. Repair?
ing of Furniture, Pictures Framed, or
anything else in our line promptly at?
tended to. COFFINS, CASKETS and
TRIMMINGS for sale.
R. H. PENNEWELL,
Browne, Jacob & Co.,
ACCOMAC C. H., VA.
Fruit and Trucking lands, improved
and unimproved of 60,163, 225, 349 and
600 acres eligibly located on the line of
the N. Y., P. & N. R. R , NOW for sale
Also, four sea-side farms with oysters,
fish and wild fowl privihges unsur?
passed on easy terms.
And town lots for business men atthe
new stations on the railroad constantly
on hand at reasonable rates. Send for'
E. A. Brow, n. Greenburg
E. A.Brown & Co.,
-Wholesale DealerB in
Fruits, Berries, Sweet Potatoes, &e.
Sweet potatoes a specialty.
183 READE STREET,
Reference?Irving National Bank
Silverthorn & Co.,
I "Commission Merchants,
303 S. Front and
302 S. Water Sts.
C. H. Register,
George W. Judd,
Iu Fruits and Produce of all kiuds,
Poultry, Game, etc.
Sweet Potatoes a specialtv.
145 WEST STREET,
Near Washington Market, New York.
Any information in reference to market
cheerfully given when asked for J
Reference: N"orth River Bank
G. T. BUNTING.
18 Vesey Pier,
Shipping No. jj?4
Should look to their interest and
ship to experienced and
S. H. & E. H. FROST,
100 PARK PLACE,
dPStencils can bo had of Lee
James, Locustville, or at Enter?
Daniel Martin. Josh. B Gilford.
D. MARTIN & CO.,
Produce and Fruits.
Irish and sweet potatoes specialties.
27, 2d AND 31 PROSPECT ST.,!
C^All goods sold on their merits
and prompt returns made.
? Shipments can be sent via. East?
ern Shore Steamboat Co., and Bal?
timore, and New York, Philadel?
phia and Norfolk R. R. via. Pbiia.
No. 248 Washington Street,
Refer by Permission-Jno. L. Jewett,
Esq., Pres. Irving National Bank,
New York; Ambler, Marvin & Stock
ton, Bankers, Jacksonville, Fla.;
The National Bank of Illinois, Chi?
cago. Shipping No. 87
Stencils furnished on application.
A. E. Bodine H. Hutcheon
BODINE & HUTCHEON,
In Fruits, Berries, Pork, Poultry,
Game, Butter, Eggs, Beans,
Live Stock, &c.
28, 3S & 32 MERCHANTS' ROW,
West Washington Market,
Shipping Letters B
R. G. Lyle J. D. Smith
LYLB & SMITH,
Commission Dealers in
Fruit and Country
179 READE STREET,
Shipping No. 33
TUE HAND THAT ROCKS THE
Blessings on the hand or woman)
Angels guard Its strong! and graco
In tho palaco, cottago, hovol,
O, no matter where tho i>lacol
Would that storms never assailed It;
ltalubows evor gently curlod;
For tho hand that rocks the cradle
Is tho hand that rocks tho world.
BUsBlngs on tho hand of woman t
Fathers, sous and daughters cry;
And tho sacred soug Is mingled
With tho wurshlp In tho sky,
Mingles whoro no temposts darkon,
Balattpwa ovor nioro aro hurled,
For tho hand that rocks tho cra'Ue
Is tho hand that rocks the world.
FOUGHT FOR HIS WIFE
"Bill, I must say that you ought
to be ashamed of yourself."
"I dou't see why, Mrs. Colli us."
"You don't 6ee why? You must
be as blind as a bat."
"Bur. I hope that I am not so
'?Oh go on away, Bill, and don't
Mrs. Collins was a widow. She
owned a farm in southern Arkan?
sas, stood high in the society of the
neighborhood, and was consequent?
ly happy. B:ll Spotts was an 18
year old boy. He had fallen in love
with Mrs. Collins, and, as the neigh?
bors expressed it, was dead set
upon marrying her. Although or
dered to go away, and although the
manner as well as the words of Mrs.
Collins plainly indicated that the
boy was wasting his time, yet, un?
daunted, he lingered in that rich
abundance of hope which Ibra
time accompanies youth along the
road of life.
"I will not go, Mrs. Collins, until
I have had a satisfactory answer."
"I told you 'no'!"
"But mo' is not satisfactory."
"Now, look here, Bill, I want you
to go away and let me alone. I've
got work to do, I want you to under?
"Oh, I understand, and I am per?
fectly willing to help you do your
"Billj why don't you marry some
"Because I want to marry you."
"Why do you want to marry me?"
"Because 1 love you."
"Am I so handsome as all that?"
"Yon are the prettiest thing I
"You arc complimentary, I must
say, but a man?or rather a boy
should be sensible as well as com?
"I think tho persistency with
which I urge my suit shows my
"it does notj ifr ouly^shows your
"You are equally pigheaded."
"My goodness, boy, go on away
from here and let me see a moment's
"Then I would be eternally mis?
erable. Say, Mrs. Collins, will you
please state your objections to me?"
"You are too young. My son
Dan is as old as yon are. He is
equally as large and I haven't the
least doubt but be could whip you
right now. A stepson should uever
be able to whip his step-father.?
Han is always hungry lor a fight,
and to thrash you every day would
be the delight of his soul. That
would be embarrassing to mc, for
no woman likes to see her husband
Bill reflected seriously. "I had
not 1 bought of that," he said.?
"Say, Mrs. Collins, we might make
a compromise with Dan."
"No, such a thing would be im?
possible, lor Dan has often said
that he intends to whip the man I
"I respect your objections, Mrs.
Collins, but I do not intend to be
cheated out of my rights."
"What can you do?"
"I must whip Dan."
"No, it is not impossible. I'll
take boxing and wrestling lessons
until I can down him every time.?
Then he will respect me."
"Now, Bill, I am goiug to be
frank. I love you?never miud,
sit down. I will aid you all I can,
and when I see thai you are able to
whip Dan, I will marry you."
"Enough said," Bill joyously ex?
claimed. "I will go at once and see
that boxing man."
Hank Jasper, a retired boxer,
lived about two miles from the Col
lins place. Bill called on him and
explained his urgent need of fist
"I can give muscle and slaighi,"
said Jasper. "Three lessons a week
for two months will fix you all
right. Of course, I'll have to
charge you pretty well."
"Oh, never mind the cost," Bill
"Well, we'll begin at once."
Bill, with an ardor which such a
cause v would naturally inspire, be?
gan the work of preparation. He
hung up a sand bag in his room,
and with charcoal drew on one side
of it what he conceived to be a like?
ness of Dan Collins.
"Now, Mr. Collins," he - would
say, as h 3 rolled up his sleeves and
squinted at the bag, "I am pre?
pared to give you another mauling.
Don't want "me to marry your
mother, eh? Don't think that I am
entitled to the rights of an Ameri?
can citizen? Reckon you have told
your mother that you intend to
whale me eh? Well, we'll see."
Then he would dash at the pie
tended image of the youth who
stood between him and his heart's
desire, and, it may be strange to
say, he was always successful.
Jasper took great interest in the
student and so far forgot his profes?
sional etiquette as to let the youth
into some of his deepest secrets of
the science. %He assured the lover
thai; lie^could not fall short of ^ic
tory.andbh several occasions shook,
hands|with him in a congratulatory
O.nef day', just before the two
months of training had expired,
Bill; while riding aiong the road,
met young Collins.
?gay^?iil, ^ma. tells me, that yon
wantMm'arry her.V '.;'*." .
"YeW?what'-have-vou got-to say
Dai^aughed; "What, have I got
to sayj^ about it? Why,' confound
your l?de, do you suppose that I
wouldJ-ailoAV such a plug-ugly.as you
to marry- tny mother? Why, I'd
have:dfo call you out early;; every
"To/take yonr whipping."
"Il^onld take a better man than
you #wlup nie, Dan Collins.
I "Y?$ that's what you think, but
I whenever you feel like trying your
hand, just come over, and I will
giveybua few touches that will
show you who's in the field."
'?Dan, blowing amounts to noth
ing; but say, if I whip you fairly?
whip you until you are satisfied
will you then agree that if I marry
your mother you will behave your?
"AH right. Let's see. Suppose
that \jregive each other atrial next
"Shall it be. private?"
"No we want to iuvite all the
"All right, and to make the things
more binding, we'll have the papers
drawn up, stating the object of the
coutest. These articles of agree?
ment shall be read before the con?
test begins, and judges from the
crowd shall be selected."
'.'That suits me."
The arrangements were complet?
ed.. The neighborhood was great?
ly excited. Hundreds of temporary
benches, forming an arena,were con?
structed. Although the crops were
not "laid by,"people from all parts
ofth^.Country flocked to seethe
combat?. The village band, compos-),
ed of three fiddlers, two banjo pick?
ers and the agitator of the triangle,
took ^assigned position and sooth?
ed the~crowd with sweet syniphon
ies. Bill.had cordially invited Pro?
fessor Jasper, but the professor, de
claringthatsuchsceues were a bore
Timetwas called. Handkerchiefs
fluttered. Every tiling boreaT tremu?
lous aspect. Bill was dressed in a
red flannel shirt aiid a closely-fitting
pair of cottonade trousers. Dau
ware a hickory shirt and nankeen
The band played "Nigger on the
Wood Pile," an inspiring tune, and
'hen the combat began. Both young
meu capered in the agile movement
of improved science. Bill canghtDan
under the jaw, but quickly recover?
ing himself, Dan knocked Bill down.
Then there was dancing in imperi?
ous haste. The combatants flew at
each other, but neither one could
secure a conquering advantage. At
last, however, Dan got Bill down
aud bumped his devoted head
against the face of the earth. Bill
modestly remarked that he had
enough for one time only. Han let
him up, and the judges announced
that the widow's son had gained
"Mrs. Collins," .said Bill, when,
the crowd had dispersed, *I am in
hard luck. If my arms were as
strong as my love, I would have
knocked Dan over into an adjoiu
"Don't despair, Bill."
"Oh, no, sweet thing, I shall de?
vote myself to study aud will try
1 him again."
When Bill weut to his room he
I saw, with the eye of an artist, that
the sandbag picture of Dau was
not correct. The first thing he did
was to wash off the incorrect Hue.*.
Then he drew another picture, in
which he gave particular promi?
nence to the nose, rememberiugthat
Dan's nasal feature was of more
than ordinary size. The next clay
Bill called upon Professor Jasper.
"Professor,"said he, "I wasdowu
"I am sorry, Billie, but we must
try it again."
"Professor, I don't see how it is
that an uninstructed man can use
his hammers so disastrously."
"Main strength, Billie, maiu
strength can hold out tor a while,
but it must finally give rnder. Pay
me what you owe and take a dozen
Bill paid the professor and again
submitted to rigid training. He
learned many new dives and, after
a while, thought that his scieuce
could certaiuly overcome Dan's
strength. He sent Dan a note stat?
ing that he desired a tight at an
early day. Dan replied as follows:
"My dear unprospective step-fath?
er; 1 whipped you once and I can
whip you again. I am willing to
give you every possible chance and
will do anything for you except let
you whip me. For this lack of gal
lantry Iearuestly begyou to excuse
Bill raved when he read the note,
and, going into his room, mauled
The time for another battle was
appoiuted. The ciowd was even
larger than the crowd which first
assembled. The band, with the
addition of a coon skin tambourine
made thrilling music. This time
Bill wore a blue shirt His step was
firm, his courage indomitable. Dan
smiled upon the young ladies and
declared that he was confident of
success. Bill, remembering the
words of the professor, felt happy.
Heknewthat uncultivated strength
could not long stand up against sci?
When .time was called each man
stepped'^proudly into the arena.
Bill caught sight of the widows'face.
A great hope swelled within him.
. Bill aimed a. blow at Dan's'nose.
Dan dodged?.jumped, wheeled his
leg around and knocked Bill dowu.
Bill scrambled to his feet and seized
-Dan. Then, as they waltzed in
great hnrry, the band played ''Hail
Jerusalem Home." Bill fell, but
unwilling to"1 acknowledge defeat,
he squared'.himself and again en?
tered th? encounter. TJau moved
around with a- grace that surprised
every , one. The muscles on his
arms bulged out the sleeves of his
shirt. At an auspicious .'time Bill
knocked him down, but before the
advantage could-r ba seized, he
sprang to' his feet;and gave Bill a
' blow, that broughr#|q view. many,
stars' hitherto uud&edvered;>;"Tbe
audience became almost frantic
with excitement. Leading planters
bet bales of cotton on the result,
and many dollars chauged hands.
Evidently both men had greatly
improved; for while Bill had im?
proved in science it seemed that
Dau had improved in strength.
The result was sad. Dan, catch?
ing a curious hold of Bill, threw
him. He strew him. He struck
the ground with a loud souud, as
though a stroug man had struck
the bare earth with a board. Bill
struggled frantically,but was forced
to acknowledge that he was beat
"Bill," said the widow, when the
noisy crowd had dispersed, "don't
giveupyctdbr you kaowthat I love
"I will never give up. The dying
sun of future ages will find me
fighting for the woman I love."
"D in's strength is remarkable,
but I think that you must eventu?
ally wear him out."
"I shall continue, sweet widow.''
Again Bill called upon the pro
fessor. "I don't understand it,"
said the lover. "I know that I
have improved, but why cannot I
"Ah, ray dear man." the profes?
sor replied, "the hardest thiug in
this world to overcome is strength.
Science is wonderful?it enables
man, after a while, to come off vie
torious, but at first it stands?or
rather falls," he added in a whisper
"in sore disadvantage. About ten
more lessons, I think, will fiuish
the gentleman. Pay me what yon
owe and we'll bigin the third
j Bill .paid him aud took up; the
( finishing* to-u^ui* of ids degreem..
He noticed that the nose on the
sand bag was not quite prominent
enough, ai:d with improved artistic
skill, he drew a picture that could
not fail to represent his enemy.?
Other tired men went to bed, but
Bill, persistent man, fought the bag
until the rooster shook himself aud
declared t-iat daylight had come.?
Thinking that he was undoubtedly
capable of vanquishing Dan Bill
sent him a challenge. Dau replied
"I am glad that you appoint
anotber day of strife. Nothing
gives me more pleasure than to
whip a friend. I have given you
several opportunities, still, you
have not married my mother. Why
should you delay a marriage that
promises such happiness? I had
always thought that a lover was ar?
dent.' but I must say that your lax?
ity, or rather your weakness, has
astonished me. Why dou't you go
away somewhere and submit your
self to severe training. If I want?
ed a woman I would be willing to
fight for her."
Bill snorted when he read the
note. He rushed into his room,
made the nose on the sand bag
more prominent and mauled the
thiug in a frightful manner. He
was so successful that a buoyant
hope swelled within him.
The day for the battle was ap?
pointed. The news had spread,
and people from adjoining counties
assembled. The baud had been
materially improved. A drum,
made of two sheep skius and a nail
keg bad been added. Additional
benches were provided,
Everybody was in a high state
of excitement. Again young wo?
men smiled 01 Dan. Agaiu he was
sure of success. Bill was dressed
in flax breeches and a huntiug
shirt. Dau was appropriately clad
III Vc yellow muslin shirt aud hemp
overalls. The band gave a grand
burst; women clapped their hands
and the combatants took their
places. The capering was beauti?
ful. Bill knocked Dan down. The
defender of his mother's widow?
hood arose, but was again knocked
down. The people cheered lustily.
Bill muttered a prayer and bucked
against bis assailant Again Dan'
went down. Bill jumped ou him
and compelled him to declare his
willingness to the marriage.
The ceremouy was performed
with great pomp. Young girls
scattered flowers all over the yard.
"Well, Dan, I downed you," said
"Yes, but it was my fault."
"I failed to keep up my studies."
"Yes. professor Jasper, quite a
while ago, told me what you were
doing and gave me lessons at balf
Bill turned away. He contem?
plated whipping the professor, but
being pursuaded by his wife, allow?
ed the matter to drop. Bill is uow
a happy step-father.
Job Printing neatly executed.
Travellnff in 1700.
From;a paper on "Social Life in
the Colonies," by:Edward Eggle
ston, bi the Ceuturv, we quote the
following: "The Virginia: planter
of the richer sort, who was said to
live with more show and luxury
'than a country gentleman iu Eng?
land on an estate>of three or four
thousand pounds a year,' showed a
stroug liking- for-the stately six
horse coach, with postilions; but it
was n>t until 1720'that wheeled
carriages . were recognized iu the
legal price-list of thVvirginia fer?
ries. In the other* colouies. also,
the coach was valued as a sign of
official br family dignity, aud some
of the richer Carolinians carried
'their luxury so far as to have car
riages, horses, coachmen,and all,
imported from England;'-but in
Caroliua, and^everywhere north of
Virginia, the light, open 'chair' or
the covered cl^isojwaa generally,
ed to the "roughness anct-sinuoslt^
of the roads- than tne coach. The
chaise was a kind of two-wheeled
gig, having a top, and drawn some?
times by one, aud sometimes by
two horses; the chair had two
wheels but no top, the sulky, which
was much used, differed from the
chair chiefly iu having room for
but one person. All these seem to
have been hung on straps, or thor
oughbrace, instead of springs.?
Bastoo ladies in the middle of the
eighteeuth century took the air iu
chaises or chairs, with negro driv?
ers. Boston gentlemen also affect?
ed negro attendants when they
drove their chairs or rode on 8-id
die horse*. But in rural regions,
from Pennsylvania northward, la?
dies took delight in driving about
aloup in open chairs, to the amaze?
ment of European travellers, who
deemed that a paradise in which
women could travel without protec?
tion. Philadelphians were fona of
a long, light, covered wagon, with
benches, which would carry a doz?
en per.sous in an excursion to the
country. Sedau chairs were occa
sionally used in the cities. The
Dutch introduced sleighs into New
York at a very early date; but
sleighs for pleasure though kuowu
in Boston about 1703 ouly came iu
to general use iu the northern
provinces at a somewhat later pe?
riod. The first stage wagon iu the
colonies was run from Trenton to
New Bruuswick, twice a week, du?
ring the summer of 1738. It was a
link in the tedious laud and water
journey fro n Philadelphia to New
York,aud travellers were promised,
that it would be 'fitted up with
benches, covered over, so that, pas?
sengers may sit easy and dry. "..';?.
Salt as a Destroyer of the Teeth.
At a recent meeting of the New
York Odoutological society, Dr. E.
Parmly Brown said: "I will ven?
ture the assertiou that the erces
sive use of common salt is one of
maiu factors in the destruction of
human teeth to-day. lam now en?
gaged in collecting S'uno statistics
on this point, from which 1 hope in
time to demonstrate, what seems
to me, to be the fact, that common
salt excessively used is a great sol?
vent of the human teeth. If it will
injure the human teeth through
the chemistry of our systems iu
some way or other that I will try
to explain to-night, why might it
not also have the effect of prevent?
ing a good development of the
teeth wheu taken into the system in
"I have lately procured some
statistics from the Sandwich Is?
lands, from a geutleman who has
been there, coveriug a period of
forty years, that are very sugges?
tive and interesting. Within that
period the teeth of the Sandwich
Islanders have decayed rapidly,
I and since they have begun to de
'cay it has been noticed that the
natives are in the habit of biting
off great chuuks of salt and eatiug
it with their food. According to
all accounts, the teeth of the Sand?
wich Islanders were formerly the
most free from decay of any people
on the face of the earth, if I re?
member rightly. You will find that
people who eat a great deal of salt
aud a great deal of sugar are oft
?en entirely toothless. I kuow sev?
eral instances of candy storekeep?
ers where three generations are en?
tirely toothless. People who eat
an excessive amouut of salt are
tempted to eat large quantities of
candy, pickles aud vinegar. There
seems to bo a craving for those
substances after the excessive use
of salt."?Scientific Americau.
Superiority of Americaa Hardware.
Perhapsthe most interesting fact
about the hardware trade is that
neither England, France, Germany,
Swedeu nor Belgium, with all their
skilled iron workers, is able to
make small core castings, orcasting
with a hollow or tube iu them, so
as to compete with American
foundrymen. It is an astonishing
fact also thrt thousauds of tons of
scrap iron are every year
brought to this country and here
converted into the simplest of
American manufactures, the "ad or
laundry iron, and then exported
back to Europe, and at no small
There is not a comer of Europe
where American small cast hard
ware is not on sale. The tool-ma
kers aud mechanics of Europe, such
as Krupp, of Germauy, Wbitworth
of England, and Armstrong, too,
and Hotchkiss, of France, with their
vast resources are uuable to-day to
produce a Moucky or screw-bar
wrench equal to the Americau
wrenches, aud consequently they
have to import these tools from this
country. I" fact there are no less
than 80,000 dozen of them exported
to Europe alone every year. It is
interesting to note that Charles
Moncky, the inventor of this sere w~
bar wrench, received ouly 82.000
for the patent, and he is now living
iu Williarasburg, Brooklyn, in4a.
small cottage bought from the pro-*
ceeds of his sale. ~ "
Iu tbe'matter of the common
pocket boxwood rules the American-,
manufacturers so far excel all
others that nearly all European na^.
tions, certainly all nations outside"'
of Europe are supplied from this
country. The manufacturers here
print on the rules whatever system
of measurements is followed by the.
country for which the goods are in
American augurs and augur bit3
are used the world over,/no other
nation being^abie to cpm'pete...
"These aref only- samples of the ?
In England the average, weekly
wages of various mechanics was as -
follows in 1831: A bricklayer got
87.56, a plasterer 87.80, a mason
87.63, a gasfitter 87.6:}, a carpenter.
87.66, a plumber 87.90,aslater $7.10,
a tinsmith 87.53, a tailor $7.4!>, a -
eabiuetmaker 87.63, a b.tKcr 83.17,
a blacksmith $7.37, a butcher 85.50,
a cooper 87.5 ), a printer $7.90, an
engraver 83.35 aud a horseshoer
Iu Gerraauy a bricklayer got
81.21, a plasterer $1.43, a* mason
81.67, a gasfitter 81.08, a carpenter
$1.11, a plum ber $4.26, a slater 84.20,
a tinsmith 83.55, a tailor 83.41, a
cabinetmaker $4.25, a blacksmith
$4, a butcher 83.32, a cooper 83 97,
an engraver 83.12, a millwright
84.18, a sailmaker 82.85, a cutler
83.90, a brass founder $4.38 and a
Iu France a bricklayer got $5.74,
a plasterer 86.34, a mason 85.33, a
gasfitter 86.07, a carpenter 86.24, a
plumber $3.10, a slater 83.65, a tin?
smith 83 40, a tailor85.02, a printer
$6.83, a horseshoer 83.89, a cooper
85.58, a cutler 85.16, an engraver
$7.35, aud a baruessraaker 85.70.
Tnese are the averages for Amer?
ica: A bricklayer iu New York got
820, a mason 818, a plasterer 818,
a slater 814, a plumber $16, a car?
penter 814, a blacksmith $13, a
bookbinder 817, an engraver 816,
a printer 819, a cabiuetmaker 812,
a hatter 813 and a harnessmaker
812. In Chicago the averages were
considerably higher.. A bricklayer
???here earned .824 aVeek.?New
York Herald .
Improving1 a Poor Farm.
Mi1. A. y'r. S jarp, Of 1Mb Riclini'oTld,**'
(Mass.) Grange gave in a lecture
some items of experience in renova?
ting worn land, which he sa3's in?
volves, to begin with, "a man chock
full of days' works:"
"Like the old woman who put the
poorest pork in the bottom of the
barrel so as to have the best to eat
first all the way down, I took my
best land first and have manured
heavily as tar as I have gone. I do
not believe in ploughing up more
land than I can manure heavily
every time. What would be a light
coat for some lands would be heavy
for others; we must know onr soil
aud how much it needs. There is
little danger of putting on too much.
1 began in the middle of my farm
and have cleared on an average two
acres of rocks each year."
"I have put up some new fence
each year, if only a very little. I
make all the manure I can each year
using some absorbents?muck, ten
to twelve tons swamp hay, dry siftj
ed coat-ashes and some forest leav?
es, aud then buy all the fertilizer I
dare to besides, or all I think I can
use to advantage on crops. We
should grow more soilingcrops,such
as sowed corn and Hungariau
niillet.For late fall feeding sow bar?
ley; even after August 1 thiscau be
done and make a good green feed
for cows after the frost has bitten
"The more we can feed out on the
farm the faster we can improve it.
It is not safe to sell hay unless yon
draw home some bran or. fertilizer
the same day that you sell the hay
on the return trip, for once the mon?
ey slips away for somethiugelse yon
are not apt to buy. the fertilizer.
There is no better fertilizer than .
barnyard manure, but when hay is
worth over 812 a ton in the barn
sell it and put every cent of the
mouey you get for it into barnyard
mauure if you can get that which
has been undercover for 85*per cord
"I plough in all the barnyard ma?
nure I can get every spring, and
never let any manure heat in the
barnyards. I believe if manure is
ploughed in green the land must
get all theie is in it, and it is then
out of the way in hoeing and culti?
vating. Some may make the mis?
take of ploughing too deep at first.
This should not be done, but sim?
ply plough an inch deeper every
time so as uot to turn up too much
clay or hardpan at one time. But
do this gradually, and you cau add
much to the value of the land in
that way in a few times ploughing."
Mr. W. W. Armitage, architectu?
ral draughtsman, No. 402 Mont?
gomery street. San Francisco, Cali?
fornia, writes that having a very
severe cough, which he found it dif?
ficult to remove, he tried Red Star
Cough Cure, aud after a few doses
was completely cured. Encouraged
by this remarkable result, he gave
it to the young members of the fam?
ily who were sick from a like cause,
and it produced similar effects up?
on them. He recommends its use
in every household.