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Live Oak daily Democrat. (Live Oak, Fla.) 190?-190?, October 04, 1906, Image 1

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Oi QA t < I K tD AILI c I 1 D BE t JI MOCIUt MOCIUtYaIVE 1 > 6 C 1 > yt4 yt4l l l c C CI Ct
4 1806 1
Tell Cats w Weeir WeeirEVERIILADESUNCL K
r Discussed DfrC > sed By BySab ByJljWeS ByMe
JljWeS lf Me Studied ldJed Sab Sabinterested s 1b 1bJttep1y
Jttep1y t3eeP1ytterested Jttep1yfaterested
interested crowd crowdi crowdartbouse crowdoarthonse
artbouse i eesrthouse last night nightof nightlIWrttiof
lIWrttiof of Governor Governordistinguished GovernoretHr Governorether
ether distinguished distinguishedi distinguishedgbject
i e gbject Mbj jtct ct of the Drain DrainI
I Broome Introduced IntroducedJacksonville Introducedof
of Jacksonville as thepjid the thed
I pjid d he made a short shortenthuslastlcal shortbe
be was enthuslastlcal enthuslastlcaltie
C tie amendment and andwte anderato
wte erato tovote vote for it itby itpUevld
pUevld by Hon Sid L Lwho Lle
le who said that thatiareftigation thatiarestigaUon
iareftigation he bad hadHutt badtint
tint the drainage drainagevu drainagewan
vu wan not only f teas teasof easiof
of all others the theHe thedo
do He said he had hadlaiwtUfation hadinvestigation
investigation of the thend thetad
tad nd claimed that thatto thate
to e property of the Statetee State Stateso
tee so because no noitem notkeat
item to the rail railt railtslk
tslk t though short wasT was wasHarrcll
T Harrcll introducedard Introduced Introducedntfi
ntfi who spoke in sub subis
is isKitted
it fettled principle and andwWea andto
to wWea Iam I am convinced convincedor
or BO opposition that thatfor thatice
ice for the land of the theto theeewtry
eewtry to be divided as asjritdom asWIIdotq
jritdom can accomplish accomplishgiving accomplishpeople
people giving each eachjMt eachre
jMt lUre re It is for the theof theofthin
of ofthin this principle in the theMr thenote
Mr appeal to you who whoto whopier
pier to decide this queaiwi quea quesYN
iwi to vote next Nov NovCMNtUKtioQal NovCrtitvtlo
CMNtUKtioQal al Amend Amendto
to th the drainage and re retfce rethe
the Everglades If this thisthe thiss4epted
s4epted the opposition oppositionof
of the Internal Im Imwho
P ad who are endeavorout endeavor endeavorMtttie
out Mtttie the obligation ofadil of
adil Kll Iw of ao avail andeenfined and andI
I eeafined entirely tom to toand
and m d land syndicatescoring syndicates syndicatesTaring
coring to acquire the theor
for or the purpose of ofrby ofth
th rby enriching them
Impqyerishment of the thefc theMlbadtted
fc Mlbadtted mltted to you what I Iaed
4 aed d sufficient reasons reasonsnq
7 nq i an affirmative vote
1 drainage amendment amendmentctearly amendmentelearly
ctearly demonstrated
l Uh the Trustees to draiaid drain n
aid J when that work Is Isthe I s
et the thelands lands for the th e
tk people te who own under undeof r
of the law I now sub subearnest
earnest consldfer consldferof
of drainage and an d
m Its U meritsevtloa merits
evtloa Corrected CorrectedInto CorrectedMerleg
+ Merleg Into the discus discusof
t of the
drainage pr pro prowell o
ttWell well for me to clear or r
The plan of the thea th e
corns a to be familiarly familiarlycreate
laage of the E rerglades
tends to create createo con
iiids o of the people
Uleas we 8 start right It Itus i t
8k fnr us to end right rightby
UesUon by stating statingls statin statint g
t eTrustees ls f for ° r the theit th e
teEPergiades it is isthe i s
a r s to drain the entire entireto
y pub to open the theby th e
by cutting a
9 c 8 from the sea seaOke se seotr a
otr Lake Oke Okemeans
the means of car carof carthat
of that basin basini
i for private own owntrea
v t1re trea area by cutting cuttingmaln g
the main canal als s
It is the sub SUDdrain
o will drain the theThe th e
o Trustees The Thefor Th e
to It Possible for forby fo r
them by af affor
octlet for their theirLands r
k river is a natura 1
ditches Lands Landsare s 1s
f Rid
rivers are arefan ar arWhich e
Which fan on onthese o n
1er on these lands landsdrainage s
itural drainage drainageo draina e
to work o of th e ework
the work of ofburn o i
to Gael settlers wil 1
ent of the pla n
r3 tie objectio n
VaQ thinlt as thei r
VIII burn u up
opt their plan planlot pianot
lot be taken 1
R4 taken off by b y
Ad 4 the sav savtruction sa satcuction v
truction by b Y
US u S
or JIo = 1 f Q
fit bLu Mr James Hill old master paint a picture showing Uncle Sam am what hes coming to toBartholomew toBartholomew toBartholomew
Bartholomew in Minneapolis Journal
fire can I think safely be left to tothose tothose tothose
those who settle upon it itFeasibility itFeasibility itFeasibility
Feasibility of Drainage DrainageIn
4In In spite of the most painstaking ef efforts efforts efforts ¬
forts to show the contrary every eng engineer engineer engineer ¬
ineer who has surveyed the area areaagrees areaagrees areaagrees
agrees that it is feasible to drain it itProfiles itProfiles itProfiles
Profiles of survey made from Okeech Okeechobee Okeechobee Okeechobee
obee to the sea by direction of Capt CaptWilliam CaptVl1Uam CaptWilliam
William Black United States En Engineer Engineer Engineer ¬
gineer and by Capt Gilmore UnitedStates United UnitedStates UnitedStates
States Engineer and by b J M Krea Kreamer Kreamer Kreamer
mer Disstons engineer all show thatOkeechobee that thatOkeechobee thatOkeechobee
Okeechobee is 21 feet above sea level leveland leveland leveland
and that no natural obstacles are in inthe Inthe Inthe
the way of any an route from Okeecho Okeechobee ¬
bee to the Gulf on one side and the theAtlantic theAtlantic
Atlantic on the other The fall from fromOkeechobee fromOkeechobee
Okeechobee to the sea is greater than thanthe I
the fall of the St Johns river fromits from fromits fromits I
its source source to the sea although thedistance the thedistance I Idistance
distance traversed by this natural naturaldrainage naturaldrainage
drainage way exceeds that of the theartificial theartificial I Iartificial
artificial drainage way wa the Trusteespropose Trustees Trusteespropose Trusteespropose I
propose to cut by upwards of 150miles 150 150miles 150miles
miles The St Johns river drains drainsan
an immense area with a fall muchless much muchless muchless
less than the fall of the proposed proposeddrainage proposeddrainage
drainage canals from Okeechobee to tothe tothe
the sea For your information I pro produce produce produce ¬
duce profiles made by the variousengineers various variousengineers variousengIneers
engineers who have surveyed routesfrom routes routesfrom routesfrom
from Okeechobee to the sea These Theseprofiles Tbeseprofiles Theseprofiles
profiles were made under the direc direction dIrection direction ¬
tion of the following engineers First Firstfrom Firstfrom
from Kissimmee to Okeechobee Ol by byGapt b bCapt byCapt
Capt Deakyne U S engineer 1901 1901second 1901second
second Lake Okeechobee to the Gulf Gulfof
of Mexico Capt Wm Black U S Sengineer Sengineer
engineer 1887 third Okeechobee to toSt toS1 toSt
St Lucie river by J O Fries civil civilengineer civilengineer
engineer made for the Trustees in
1905 fourth Okeechobee to Lake LakeWorth LakeWorth
Worth made by V P Keller 1891 1891for 1891for 1591for
for Disston Drainage Co fifth Oke Okeechobee Okeechobee Okeechobee ¬
echobee to New River by J M Krea Kreamer Kreamer Kreamar
mer chief engineer Disston Drain Drainage Dralnage DrainSage ¬
age Co 1891 and by J W V Newman Newmancivil Newmancivil
civil engineer for the Trustees in
1905 I ask that yau carefully con consider consider coneider ¬
sider these profiles and ask yourself yourselfthe onrselfthe
the question whether or not the feasi feasibility feasiblllty ¬
bility of taking the water from Lake LakeOkeechobee LakeOkeechobee
Okeechobee to the sea can be further furtherquestioned furtherquestioned furtherquestioned
questioned questionedCost
Cost of the Work ark Undertaken UndertakenUp
Up to the time that your our dredge dredgeEverglades dredgeEverglades
Everglades commenced work the theTrustees theTrustees
Trustees who are carrying on the thework thework
work for you OU relied upon estimates estimatesas
as to the cost of their undertaking undertakingThese undertakingThese
These estimates were made by prac practical practical ¬
tical men learned in the computa computation ¬
tion of the cost of such work and in include Include ¬
clude no less an authority than J M MKreamer lIKreamer
Kreamer KreamerBut
But now that your dredge is at atwork atwork atwork
work I do not depend upon estimates estimatesbut
but am able to give you actual fig figures figures figpres ¬
ures uresThe The plans include the catting of
500 miles in round numbers of large largedrainage largedrainage largedrainage
drainage canals from Okeechobee t to o
tidewater ranging from 50 to 120 120feet 120feet
feet wide and 10 feet deep deepIt
I It costs 1200 per month to oper operate operI operate ¬
I ate each dredge Each dredge will willmove willmoye willmore
move six cubic yards of material per perminute perminute perminute
minute or 93600 per month of 26 26working 26working 26working
working days da s Each dredge will cut cutnearly cutnear cutnearly
nearly near one mile of canal per month monthof
of the average width of 60 feet feetIt feetIt feetIt
It costs 1200 per month to oper operate operate operate ¬
ate each dredge or 635000 for the
500 miles of canal Add to this 300
000 the cost of six dredges at an anaverage anaverage anaverage
average of 50000 each and addalso add addalso addalso
also 100000 for repairs and thetotal the thetotal thetotal
total cost of the waterways or maindrainage main maindrainage mandrainage
drainage canals will be 1035000 1035000In
In report to his company J M MKreamer 11Kreamer MKreamer
Kreamer estimated the cost of dig digging digging ¬
ging drainage canals at one and sixtenths six sixtenths slxI
I tenths cents per cubic yard or 112
637 for a canal 24 miles long 150 150feet 150I 150feet
I feet wide and 8 feet deep deepValue deepYalue deepValue
Value of Lands When 11en Drained DrainedIn
uln In his report to his employer employerHamilton employerHamilton employerHamilton
Hamilton Disston Kreamer in 1881 1881said 1881said 1881said
said The import duties on sugar for formanufacturing formanufacturing formanufacturing
manufacturing purposes from the theyear theyear theI
year 1847 to 1879 varied from om 2 2to 2to 2to
to 4 cents per pound We paid outfor out outfor outfor
for sugar and allied products during duringthis duringthis duringthis
this period 1800000000 Our Ourwestern Ourwestern Ourwestern
western mines produced 1700000 1
000 or in other words during a aperiod aperiod aperiod
period of 32 years as a nation wepaid we wepaid wepaid
paid out in round numbers 100000
But since Kreamers report prac practical practical practical ¬
tical farmers have settled on the landin land landin
in the edge of the Everglades and andhave andhave andhave
have demonstrated by the remarkably remark remarkably remarkably ¬
ably success they have made that this thisEverglades thisEverglades thisEverglades
Everglades land when reclaimed is isthe Isthe isthe
the richest and most fertile in theworld the theworld theworld
world Farmers adjacent to New NewRiver NewRiver NewRiver
River shipped 125000 crates of vegetables ve vegetables vegetables ¬
getables from Fort Lauderdale dur during during during ¬
ing the season just past The com commodities commodities commodities ¬
modities raised from the sail and andtransported andtransported andtransported
transported on four miles of this thissmall thissmall thissmall
small river now exceed in value thoseraised those thoseraised thoseraised
raised from the soil and transported transportedon
on the St Johns river 200 miles inlength in inlength inlength
length Your dredge is now in NewRiver New NewRiver NewRiver
River cutting its way into the gladesLast glades gladesLast gladesLast
Last year ear people of the United Statepaid States Statespaid Statespaid s
paid out for sugar alone 13500000 13500000more
more than the total amount received receivedfrom receivedfrom receivedfrom
from exports of corn wheat flour flourbeef flourbeef flourbeef
beef and naval stores added together togetherAll
All of the sugar consumed in th thUnited the theUnited theUnited e
United States in one year earcan can be beraised beraised b braised e
raised on a small portion of the three threemillion threemUllon thremillion e
million acres which you OU own in th thEverglades the theEverglades theEverglades e
Everglades One acre of land in th thEverglades the theEverglades theEvergladC3 ed e
Everglades is capable of raising and andfattening andfattening an anfattening d
fattening for market two head of cat ¬
tIe The stockman who is obliged to tofence tofence tofence
fence ten acres of land elsewhere to toraise toraise toraise
raise two head of cattle and is also alsoobliged alsoobliged alsoobliged
obliged to feed them during the winter win winter winter ¬
ter months needs no argument to toconvince toconvince toconvince
convince him that the people need needthe needthe needthe
the Everglades where the grass grassgrows grassgrows grassgrows
grows rich and green the year round roundand roundand roundand
and is capable of supporting 20 times timesthe timesthe timesthe
the number of cattle per acre The Thefarmer Thefarmer Thefarmer
farmer who is accustomed to haul to tomarket tomarket tomarket
market one bale of cotton worth 50 50from 50from 50from
from three acres of ground which whichhe
he has worked early and late to culti cultivate cultivate cultivate ¬
vate needs no argument to convince convincehim
him of the nec neces necessity < 1ssity ity of opening for foragricultural foragricultural foragricultural
agricultural pursuits this vast do domain domain domain ¬
main when he reads that land on theborder the theborder theborder
border of the Everglades and exactly exactlysimilar exactlysimilar exactlysimilar
similar in character to most of that thatof thatof thatof
of the inside area produces year ear afteryear after afteryear afteryear
year with a small amount of work workcrops workcrop3 workcrops
crops which are sold at prices rang ranging rangin rangins ¬
ins in from 500 to 1500 per acre acreWho acreho acreWho
Who ho the Land Belongs To ToThe ToThe ToThe
The contention of the present presentBoard presenBoard t
I Board of Trustees is that the United UnitedStates UnitedStates UnitedStates
States Government never intended intendedI intendedthat
I that this large area of land which it itdeeded itdeeded itdeeded
deeded to the State at the request of ofthe ofthe o othe f
the Legislature for specific purposes purposesset purposeset s
set forth in the request namely toreclaim to toreclaim toreclaim
reclaim it and when that work was wasdone wasdone wadone s
done to use it for the benefit of edu education education education ¬
cation I say that the grantors of ofthis ofthis o othis f
this principality greater than the theState theState th thState e
State of Massachusetts had no idea ideathat ideathat idethat a
that nearly twothirds of it would wouldbe woulbe d
be given away to corporations on any anypretext anypretext anypretext
pretext even the plausible one of ofopening otopening o oopening f
opening up the State to transporta transportation ¬
tion by the building of highways The TheLegislature TheLegislature Th ThLegislature e
Legislature of 1855 had no idea that thatthese thatthese thathese t
these lands could be used for any anyother anyother anyother
other purpose than that of drainagand drainage drainageand e
and reclamation and education be because because b bcause e ¬
cause that Legislature while the sub subject subject subject b eb ¬
ject was fresh fn sh put it beyond the thepower thepower th thpower e
power as it thought of subsequent subsequentLegislatures subsequentLegislatures subsequenLegislatures t
Legislatures to dispose of this land landin landIn lan lanin d td
in any other manner to any person personor
or persons or corporations except for forthe forthe fo fothe r
the carrying out of the object of the thegrant thegrant th thgrant e re
grant reclamation by passing a law lawwhich lawwhich la lawhich w
which vested the title of these lands landsin landin s
in the Trustees of the Internal Im Improvement Improvement Improvement ¬
provement Fund which Board o oTrustees of ofTrustees ofTrustees f
Trustees was made perpetual by fix fixing fixIng fixing ¬
ing its membership in administrative administrativeofllcers administratiyeofficers administrativeofficers
officers of the State governmentwhose government governmentwhose goyernmentwhose
whose successors would always be i ioffice in inoffice inoffice n
office The title to these lands was wasvested wasyested wavested s
vested in the Trustees by this act and anda an d sd
a sacred trust was created to hold holdthem holdthem d L Lthem
them for the benefit of the people peopleThat peopleThat peopleThat
That subsequent Legislatures had ad no noright noright n nright d
right to grant any an of the lands in included included ineluded ¬
cluded in this deed of trust which whichlands whichland h
lands are all of those lying south of ofthe ofthe o f
the northern boundary of Okeecho Okeechobee Okeechobee ¬
bee beebetween and the Caloosachatchee river riverbetween rIverbetween
between the Ocean and the Gulf and andfor andfor an d
for want of this right all grants made madeby madeby madby
by Legislatures subsequent to 1855 5
Was 5 Prominent Citizen of
Citrus CitrusCounty CitrusCounty CitrusCounty
County and Member of BaptistChurch Baptist BaptistChurch BaptistChurch
Church ChurchFloral ChurchFloral ChurchFloral
Floral City Oct 3 3Mr Mr Watt WattZelner WattZeIner 1
Zelner a prominent citizen of this thiscounty thiscounty thiscounty
county was shot in the bowels witha with witha
a 38 calibre pistol by Barney Stokes StokesThe StokesThe StokesThe
The shooting occurred in front of ofthe otthe ofthe
the postoffice about 6 oclock Monday Mondayevening Mondayevening Iondayvenlng
evening There is no hope for MrZelners Mr MrZelners MrZeIners
Zelners recovery Stokes surrender surrendered ¬
ed to Sheriff Graham who happened happenedto
to be at his home In this place placeZelner placeZeIner placeZeiner
ZeIner and the Stokeses are farm farmers farmers farmers
ers living about three miles from fromhere fromhere fromhere
here Trouble has been brewing be between between between ¬
tween Barney Stokes his brothers brothersand brothersand brothersand
and Eldridge Morris a brotherinlaw brotherinlawof brothertnlaworZelners
of Zelners for several days The TheStokeses TheStokeses TheStokeses
Stokeses have been well armed and andit
it is alleged have been looking for an anopportunity anopportunity anopportunity
opportunity to settle the matter for forseveral forseveral forseveral
several days Friends of both sides sidesadvised sidesadvised sidesadvised
advised them to settle the matter matterpeaceably matterpeaceably matterpeaceably
peaceably Morris and Zelner came cameto
to town and sent word to the Stok Stokeses Stokeses Stokeses ¬
eses to come unarmed and they th y would wouldtalk wouldtalk wouldtalk
talk over the matter and try to come cometo cometo cometo
to some agreement Morris and theStokeses the theStokeses theStokeses
Stokeses met near the postoffice about aboutdark aboutdark aboutdark
dark and it seems had about settled settledtheir settledtheir settledtheir
their troubles when Zelner walked upand up upand upand
and pot understanding the situation situationmade situationmade situationmade
made some hasty remark to whichStokes which whichStokes whichStokes
Stokes replied and beganshooting beganshootingSome began shooting shootingSome shootingSome
Some say three shots were fired oth others others others ¬
ers think more Stokes was waswlthln waswlthlna within withina
a few ewfeet feet of Zelner when he shot shothim shothim shothim
him A general fight ensued Morris
had one of the Stokes boys down downabout downabout downabout
about the time of the shooting After Afterhaving AfterhavIng Afterhaving
having shot Zelner Barney Stokeswent Stokes Stokeswent Stokeswent
went to the assistance of his brother brotherHe
He placed his pistol In Morris face facedemanding facedemanding facedemanding
demanding that he turn his brother brotherloose brotherloose brotherloose
loose at the same time he grabbed grabbedMorris grabbedIorris grabbedMorris
Morris pistol Zelner was unarmedThere unarmed unarmedThere unarmedThere
There were four or five of the Stokesboys Stokes Stokesboys Stokesboys
boys No one seemed to know just justhow justhow justhow
how the matter started nor why wh there therewas therewas therewas
was not more shooting shootingare
are without authority cannot be bequestioned bequestioned bequestioned
questioned in face of the repeated de decisions decisions docisioes ¬
cisions of the Supreme Court of the theUnited theIInited
t United States that contracts are in inviolable inviolable inviolable ¬
violable and of the specific decision decisionof
of the United States Supreme Court Courtin
in the case of MeGee v Mathis whichdecision which whichdecision whIchdecision
decision held that the grant of the theland theland theland
land by b the United States to the State Stateof
of Florida and other obligation to todrain todrain todrain
drain is a contractThe contract contractThe contractI
The present Board of Trustees Trusteeshas
I has taken the position that the grants grantsof
of the Legislature of the State of ofFlorida orFlorIda ofFlorida
Florida are void for want of authority authorityover
over the lands granted because the thetitle
I title of these lands was in 1855 vest vested vested vested ¬
ed irrevocably In the Trustees who whoare whoare
are under contract with the Federal FederalGovernment l lGovernment
Government to drain and reclaim reclaimthem reclaimthn reclaimthem
them and devote the residue remain remainin remaining
in ing in their hands after the work of ofreclamation ofreclamation
reclamation has been accomplished accomplishedto
to the cause of education There Therehave Therehave
have been in the neighborhood of
20000000 acres of land deeded to tothe tothe
the State under the contract with the theUnited theUnited theUnited
United States Government There are arenow arenow
now remaining in the hands of the theTrustees theTrustees
Trustees undeeded but 2920000 2920000acres
acres There are still unpatented
200000 acres which belong to theFederal the theFederal theFederal
Federal Government The 17000
000 acres given away illegally as I Iand Iand
and other Trustees construe the con contract contract contract ¬
tract with the National Government Governmentare
are gone with no hope of recall recallThere recallThere recallThere
There are are legislative grants for up upwards upwards upof ¬
wards of 7000000 acres in addition additionto
to the 17000000 already deeded by bythe bythe
the Trustees or 4000000 acres more morethan morethan
than there is land remaining The Thebeneficiaries Thebeneficlarie3 Thebeneficiaries
beneficiaries of these grants are con contending contending conin ¬
tending in the courts with the theTrustees theTrustees
Trustees now for title to these lands landsbut landsbut landsbut
but though this contention has been beengoing beengoing beengoing
going on for some years ears the railroads railroadsthat railroadsthat
that are trying to get them have care carefully carefully carefully ¬
fully avoided bringing the question questionto
to an Issue In the course of the liti litigation litigation ¬
gation whenever it became manifest manifestthat manifestthat manifestthat
that the issue was about to be square squarely ¬
ly 1 joined the railroads have invaria invariably invariably tnvariablr ¬
bly made a dilatory movement in the thecase thecase
case so as to get away awa from the issue issueThey is6ueThey
They are afraid of it and an their onlycourse only onlycourse onlycourse
course is to delay the litigation indefinitely in indefinitely indefinite ¬
definitely and to try the power of ofwealth ofwealth
wealth with its ability abilit to defeat the theContinued theContinued
Continued on page eight

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