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The sun. (Jacksonville, Fla.) 1905-1908, November 18, 1905, Image 7

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I h hI 6 THE SUN November 18 1905 1905FLORIDAS 1905FLORl1AS 1905lo
lo FLORIDAS NEGLECTED INDUSTRY INDUSTRYBy
y By John Y Vetwiler Honorary Fish Commissioner
r The eastern coast of Florida from St Augustine
to Miami possesses attractive features to the tourist touristand touristIIJIll touristand
and the prospective resident second to no other State Statecast StateCIlHt
cast of tho Rocky Mountains The desirability of ofthe oftho ofthe
the climate and tho natural food resources so abundantly abund abundantly abundulltly ¬
antly distributed along the entire Atlantic coast coastfrom eoaatfrolll coastfront
from Foniandina l to Capo Sable demonstrates its itsadaptability itsIlIlnptnhility itsiu
iu
adaptability to all classes of people To the homo homoseeker homeHtolwr
seeker + lcur the fact of marine food ready for the taking takingwithout takingwithout takinguvithoiit
without the labor of preparing and tilling the soil soilto floilto soilto
to raise a crop to the tourist a resort where health healthgiving healthglvill healthgiving
giving glvill and salubrious climate permits daily outdoor outdooruxwreiso outdoorXtIIiHH outdoorexercise
exercise and which allords to those so inclined ample amplereturns amplelotmIIH amplerbttnns
returns from a days effort with rod or gun run A Acruising AmuiHillg Afir
fir cruising hunt or launch can transport by water those thosewho thosewhu thoseWho
who HO desire ovor four hundred miles by inside pas passage ¬
sage through tho most desirable hunting and fishing fishinggrounds fishingglOun fishinggrountls
grounds glOun < 1R to be found anywhere embracing varieties varietiesto
to bo met with in no other section in the United UnitedStates UnitedStutes UnitedStates
States From twentyfour to thirtysix hours by byway bywny byway
way of tho most modern and elaborate methods of oftransportation oftlllllsportntion oftransportation
transportation pormitH an enjoyment of Florida sun sunHliino sunHhino sunsllilto
Hliino and a balmy atmosphere during the midst of ofthe oftho ofthe
the rigors of a Northern Northern winter together with tIle thohome tIlehomu thehoiiio
home advantages of tho modern hotels and boarding
l houses will satisfy the most critical at an outlay outlayadapted outlayuc1nptctl outlayadapted
adapted to the desires of all classes classesAmong ola88osAmong
L Among the most prominent and profitable indus industries industrios industries ¬
tries that arc engaged cllgn ed in south of Daytona is that thatof thatof
t of commercial fishing fiHIl1n Previous to tho advent of oftransportation oftlnnsportlltion oftransportation
transportation facilities and tho installation of ice iceand icelIltl
x and refrigerating plants the waters teemed with withfish withfish withfish
fish at all seasons of the year almost beyond the pos possibilities posHihiJitieH ¬
f sibilities of belief Within tho last twenty years yearsand yearsHllti yearsand
and sinco tho introduction of the above mentioned mentionedadvantages mentionedndvnntnges mentionedi
i i advantages and tho most modern appliances for tak taking taking takr ¬
r r ing fish this industry has been increased to enormous enormousproportions enormousllloportions enormousproportions
proportions especially within the last few years ears and andhas andhits andhas
has created lortuncs for many engaged engaged in this thisvocation thisvocation thisvocation
vocation vocationTho
The principle appliances made use of on Indian Indianriver Indianriver Indianriver
f river arc gill nets and seines the latter being pro prohibited prohihitml prof ¬
hibited by law as destroying enormous quantities quantitiesof
P of young fish but is used surreptitiously when the thowaters thewlLters thet
t waters are becoming depleted An exception to the theseine theHoino theBeimr
seine is made in shad fishing in the St Johns river rivertho rivertho rivertlta
tho large mesh permitting the bottom fish to pass passthrough passthrough passthrough
through The shad fisheries of the St Johns river riverembraces riveromhmcos riverombraees
embraces territory frond its mouth as far south as asLake asLnlm asNalco
Lake Harnoy the spawning grounds of the shad shadMature sllltdMlLturo shadlitturo
Mature shad the results of the planting by the State StateFish Statemah StateFish
Fish Commission several years ago have been freI fre frequently frequently ¬
I quently taken in tho Halifax river and its tribu tributaries tributaries tributaxies ¬
taries Spruce creek and Tomoka TomokaFrom Tomokaa romokalrlom
a From statistics furnished by the United States StatesFish Statesjish Statesx
x Fish Commission in 1802 for tho Gulf States the thowest thewost thev
v west coast of Florida produced 48120010 pounds of offish offish ofe
e fish valued at 1402100 in which 0410 persons personswere personsworo personswere
were engaged the capital invested was 1045320 1045320This 1045320Jhis 1046320This
This docs not include the enormous quantity taken
along the east coast from New Smyrna to Key West WestIn NestIn VestIn
In vessel fishing by apparatus on Gulf coast the thereport tbereport thereport
report is that Hin in the seine catch Spanish mackerel mackereloccupy mackeycl mackeycloccu1 mackereloccupy
occupy > Y first place and most of these were taken with withpurse wIthpurso withpurse
purse seines in Hawks Channel on the cast coast coastduring coastduring coastduring
during January and February A recapitulation recapitulationof
of the catch of these fish in fournteen counties of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the west coast of Florida shows a total of 848050 848050pounds 848050pounds 848060pounds
pounds taken valued at 3451100 of which 33315 33315pounds 33315p 33316pounds
pounds p unds valued at 1074 was credited to Monroe Monroecounty 1fonloocounty Monroecounty
county It will thus be seen that the cast coast coastshould coastshould coastshould
should have credit for at least onehalf onem r of the Span Spanish Spanish Spanish ¬
ish mackerel catch that has been credited to the theGulf theGulf theGulf
Gulf section of the State or 424328 pounds valued valuedat
at 17250 It is admitted that for conservative conservativereasons
reasons the full report of tho entire catch is is not notmade notmade notmade
made public publicIt
It is certain that neither the catch nor the value valueof
of the commodity has deteriorated during the years
1003 and 1004 and as there has been no recent recentreports recentreports recentreports
reports of the fish taken on the cast coast of Flor Florida Florida Florida ¬
ida by the United States Fish Commission I am amunable mnunable innunable
unable to give statistics other than an authentic authenticstatement uuthenticstatement authenticstatement
statement of tho number of barrels of fish shipped shippedby
by the Southern Express Company during the years yearH1U03
1003 and 1004 from Florida over the Florida divis division division division ¬
ion and the southeastern division of said express expresscompany exprcsscompany expresscompany
company The Florida division comprises the Flor Florida Jjlorida Florida ¬
ida East Coast Railway and the Atlantic Coast Line Linetho IJinethe Linethe
the southeastern division covers the Seaboard Air AirLino AirLin AirLino
Lino Railway and the Carrabelle Tallahassee Gulf GulfRailway GulfRailway GulfRailway
Railway The aggregate of these shipments only onlywill onlywill onlywill
will be given givenSoutheastern givenSoutheastern rivenSoutheastern
Southeastern Southeastern Division 1003 31814 barrels
1004 33877 barrels Net increase for year 1004
2003 barrels barrelsFlorida barrelslilorida barrelsFlorida
Florida Division 1003 05208 0 > > 208 barrels 1004
103704 barrels Increase for year 1004 8400 8400barrels 8400barrels 8400barrels
barrels barrelsThis barrelsfhis barrelsThis
This does not include iced fish shipped in bulk or orcarload orcarload orcarload
carload lots lotsTho lotsrhe lotsThe
The laws governing the fish industry of the State Stateare Stateare Stateare
are given but little attention as the vast area of offishproducing ofl1shproducing offishproducing
fishproducing territory cannot be covered by the thepresent thepresent thepresent
present system of wardens The repeal of the sec sections sections sections ¬
tions of the statutes creating a State Fish Commis Commission Commission Commission ¬
sion its duties and emoluments by tho Legislature Legislatureof
of 1005 is the result of years of persistent effort effortof
of those who desire to control the natural food foodresources foodresources foodresources
resources of the State without contributing to its itsrevenues itsrevenues itsrevenues
revenues which if controlled by suitable laws would wouldproduce wouldproduce wouldproduce
produce a revenue of 75000 annually The re receipts receipts reeoipts ¬
ceipts for rents of oyster grounds by b the State of ofRhode ofthode ofRhode
Rhode Island for the year 1004 was 4522258 esti estimated estimated estimated ¬
mated for 1005 4737320 So far as known the thefishing thel1shing thefishing
fishing and oyster industry of Florida is exempt exemptfrom exemptfrom exemptfront
from all taxes or liability for depleting the waters waterssave watersBit waterssave
save Bit vo possibly a personal tax on boats nets etc etcIn etcIn etcIn
In some localities dynamite is used when net netfishing rietfishing netfishing
fishing is not profitable by reason of the depletion
of the
State effort Dynamite is also used to take craw crawfish crawlIsh crawfish ¬
fish in the waters of Biscayno hay and adjacent terntort terri territory territory ¬
tory Outside of commercial fishing certain beauties locali localities localities ¬
ties are noted no H for the abundance of fish the waters watersof
of the lower Halifax and north Indian rivers where wherethe wllorethe wherethe
the law is i enforced in regard to net fishing Shceps Shcepshead Shcepshead Sheepshead
head trout redfish or bass and many others are aretaken orotl1ken aretaken
taken in quantities in tho vicinity of Now Smyrna SmyrnaInlet SmyrnaInlet SmyrnaInlet
Inlet and the intelligent tourist fishermen have haverecognized havelecoJnizt1 haverecognized
recognized this fact to their advantage advnntagqllw advantageTho
The future of the fishing interests of Florida Floridadepend ForidadepIn FloridaIOpefd
depend upon the protection given by State lay JaVot JaVotVllrdnioJ awe aweWardens
Wardens affect cont1ronuses com promises as they have no jurislition juris jurisdi
di < lition Ii lion over tho boundaries of an adjoining county countyIn
In f m tho production of oysters Florida possesses possessesin
in certain localities remarkable advantages among amongwhich amongwldeh amongwhich
which the freedom from the enemies prevalent in intho int1m inthe
the North The removal of f shell from the natural naturalbeds naturalbeds
beds < 1 also nl oio undersized oysters is one of the most mostserious mostfWliotlH mostScrinlut
serious impediments to successful production as asfrom asfrom asfrom
from the natural beds the supply of seed and spat spatmust spatlIHtHt spatmust
must be procured Of clams there are an abundance abundancern
rn I the introduction of the soft clam of the North NorthMjn NorthJII1
Mjn 111 Arcnnritt II itoi lclUlra fa where the soil is not shifting would wouldbe
be profitable profitableIn
In coiHwion conlu ion it might bo well to say that Florida FloridaH I
fs H i the only State possessing ample coast line over overIWO
IWO miles mil s that has neglected her natural food foodproduts foodplChlt food1Och
produts 1Och ° ts creating from them a source of revenue revenueTliis revenueJ1I1 revenue1Ii
Tliis J1I1 neglect is rapidly resulting in a depletion of ofher oftlcr
her waters wn tor = to the detriment of posterity posterityTho
Tho P1 present Sort status of the Florida Fish Commis Commissim CommrsHicll CommisMint
Mint is i one of empty honor honorafter after nearly eight years yearsof
of persistent effort without an appropriation Its Itsenemies Itslntmim Itsencmliey
enemies have prevailed to the extent of repealing the thelaws theInwR thelints
laws creating it but individual effort they cannot cannotsuppress cannotRuppnsH cannotsuppress
suppress for it will be but a matter of time until untilthe untiltho untilthe
the people of Florida will have their eyes opened to tothe totill tothe
the magnitude of tho revenues to be derived from fromthe fromtlw fromthe
the fisheries from which they are now receiving no nobenefit noIIPllPfit noenefit
benefit Should it he possible that we have one more morekilling morekiJ morekilling
killing kiJ Ii Il frost like that of 18034 the reduced valu valuation valuation valuation ¬
ation of property together with the depletion of ofour ofour ofour
our forests fore = t ts > would require an additional revenue to tosustain tosustain tosustain
sustain the expenses of the State We will then be becompelled becompnJol1 becompelled
compelled to recognize the wealth of our waters and andcreate an1crentn andcreate
create from them by h license a revenue greater than thanfrom tImnfrom thanfrom
from any three combined industries the State may maynow maynow
now possess possessIn 1m BiSB BiSBIn R RI
In I n the meantime the correspondence relating td tdthe tdthe tothe
the Fish Vi h Commission and such reports as can bd bdmnde bdmpc1t bdmode
mode to the Governor under the conditions that un unfortunately unfortullnte unfortunntely ¬
fortunately fortullnte exist shall bo continued as before with without without without ¬
out compensation eotnpt IIln + aiinl1simply simply a contribution to the people peo people peopn ¬
ple of the State of Florida by one of their number numberwho numberwho numberwho
who recognizes the laws of equity cq ity to his fellow man manand mannl1Il manand
and endeavors to secure their th ir enforcement whereby
flit futurn ure generations shall enjoy that which by right rightis
is their inheritcnce
I
Agriculture Floridas Opportunity
I Conducted by W E Pabor
Shine on fair SUN till I have bought a glass glassThat glassJ1lmt glassThat
That I may sec my shadow pass passShalespeare passShalespeareho Shakespeare ShakespeareTho
>
Tho ho sun and the soil together make this world worldhabitable worldhnhitnble worldL
L habitable to mankind So we hope through the me medium medium me1tum ¬
dium of the FLORIDA SUN to make this departmoat depart department dopartment ¬
ment devoted to the soil and its generous response responseto
etc to the labor of the head and the hand of man an aninteresting anintoresting aninleresting
interesting and profitable feature of the paper There Therearo
aro shadows fIIHlo as well as sunbeams in the realm of ofthe oftho ofthe
the farm the garden and the grove Each I llch have their theiruses theirUHOH theiruses
uses and from each some lesson lnay nay be learned for formutual formutuill fornnutual
mutual benefit So may writer and render journey journeyon
on in err pleasant converse with each other as the weeks weeksroll weeksro weeksFoil
roll ro on the months go by under tho shining of the theSUN theUN theSUN
SUN UN W V E PAHOR PAHORtin PAnonThu Auon
tin The glorious sun wrote Sir David Brewster Brewstertho
tho center cont l and nnt soul of our system systemtho tho lamp that thatlights thatlights thatlights
lights it itthe the fire that heats it the magnet that thatguides thatguitios thatf
f guides and controls it tIle fountain of color which whichgives wlaiohgives whichgiVes
gives its azure to the sky its verdure to the fieldsits fields fieldsits fieldsltB
its rainbow hues to tho world of flowers owl rs and the pur purple purplo ¬
plo light I of love to the marble check of youth and andbeauty amII andbeauty
beauty I In le hwer ser degree de ree as moonlight is to sun sunlight sunlight sunlight ¬
light as water is to wine may the SUN of Florida Floridashine lilor1 Floridashine < la laRhino
shine in on tho homes and into the hearts of the thotillers thetillcrs thetillers
tillers of Florida soil soilA soilA soilA
A recent bulletin bul1 tin from tho chemical department departmentof
of the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station isIOVOtcd is isdevoted Isdevoted
devoted to Fertilizer l Suggestions that will prove of ofgroat ofglen ofw
w great glen t value to our farmers and fruit growers It Itwill Itwill Itwill
will bo sent free to any address nd < 1ress in Florida on appli application applicntion application ¬
cation to the director Lake r ake City Fla FlaExperimentation FlaEperimentation Flas FlaExperimentation
s
Experimentation along tho line of creative life lifeboth lifeboth lifeboth
both in animals and plants begin to suggest the pos8ibilities pos possibilities possihilitic80fgenurntion ¬
sibilities sihilitic80fgenurntion of generation being within human control controlAmong oontroIAmong oontrolAniong
Among the latest is that of Professor Sotcholl ofthe of ofthe ofthe
the botanical h tnnical department of the University of Cali Calfornia California CalifOlnin ¬
fornia who has been experimenting with the sea seaweed Bcaweed seaweed ¬
weed known as kelp and has been able to divert the theP
P t
flow of nutrition so as to make buds grow or die dieat dieat lieat
at his will willA willA willA
A paragraph recently appeared a in print stating
that Professor Webber formerly fOlllwrl of Florida has in invented invented invented ¬
vented by careful study Ht1HI of pineapples s several varie varieties varinties 1arieties ¬
ties which ho believes will bo very successful in this thisState thiHftate thisState
State Thus far pineapple growers have not heard heardof
of them and pin their faith wisely wiso to tho two vane varieties vllrietics vaneties ¬
ties known to bo a success in open field and shed cul culture cuIturoRl cultureRed ¬
ture turoRl Rod Spanish and Smooth Cayenne CayenneA CnclllUA
A carload of watermelon seed shipped to Califor California Cnlifornia California ¬
nia from Florida The statement scorns incredible incrediblebut
but Mr Oirardoau of Jefferson County Count says sn s ho has hassent IlIHisent binssent
sent such a carload not of melons mind you u of ofseed ofseed ofseed
seed of a now variety arilt to Los Angeles Cal How Howmany lIowman flowmany
many man thousand acres S were required think yonThe yon youTho yonPhe
The Punta Gorda Herald says Rn R the pineapple ship shipments shipments shipnients ¬
ments for the season beginning I inlling in June and ending endingwith endingwith endingwith
with September amounted to 4334 crates 11 tos This Thiswould lhi lhiwouM his hiswould
would indicate a yield illd of less Il s tnnn 70000 pines as asonly nsonl asonly
only onl the Smooth Cayenne Cn ll1w are grown down there and andtho nmltho coldthe
tho average is sixteen liixh m to tho crate rntt Two yearn oltr ago agothe ngnthe agothe
the Do Soto County Count yield il1tl is given g n at n t 10445 crates cratesand ern cratesand tOil tOilantI
and as the Punta Gorda district grows perhaps pl ninetenths nine ninetenths nhwtenths
tenths of the countys CtI1t R product plo < 1twt it would seem as if iftho ifthe ifthe
the industry imlu try was falling off or else the cold seasonof season seasonof fwasonof
of last winter caused a severe loss lossCuban lossCullan lossCuban
Cuban i iiimn oranges orangesgreenare green Artnnr are now no in in in inmarkets 1h the < he New York Yorkith York111lrklts Yorkmarkets
markets and coming into competition ion with wit witida ith our Flor Florand Florhln Florida
ida fruit They are nr shipped in barrels barrelsnext and for the thethe thelwXt thenext
next three months are likely lik to reach the tht1The States Stnt i and andaffect nnllaffect andaffect
affect the market marketi nmrketIho
The he famous groves in and about Winter Haven Havenin
in the lovely Inge ln e region re ion of Polk County rount that werest4thlished were wereestablished w wtnhliollltl
established by h Dr F W V Inumn and have 11It ye been under underhis tIIullrhi underhis
his hi care for many mum years lnr have boon transferred to a nNew aNI aNew
New NI York syndicate It is to bo hoped that the Flor Florence Florence Florencc ¬
ence Villa groves will not be allowed to deteriorate deteriorateunder dourioratcunder deteriorateunder
under the new managers their success has been
k1
mainly ll1ainl due to the excellent personal care given them
by h Dr Inman InmanLabor InmanLnhor InmanLabor
Labor is so scarce in California that the
prune prunegrowers pruneg1Cl prunegroweis
growers are experimenting with monkeys for fruit fruitpicking fruitpieldng fruitpicking
picking one man in San Jose has sent to South
America for 500 of them Then he intends to have
them trained to pick prunes off the trees the drop ¬
ping fruit to be gathered by boys and girls As tho thomonkey thoJ1Ionk themonkey
monkey J1Ionk is is an imitative animal it is thought the ex experiment exIlt1im oxperil ¬
periment peril lent nt may ma prove successful But suppose these thesemonkeys these1110nke thesemonkeys
monkeys 1110nke s should form a labor union what then Are
they not closely allied to that other animal man
And if m in faroff fnr ofr India an ape can be and is em ¬
played plo l to throw railroad switches surely it can be
taught to shake down fruit from trees treesTho trc treesThe s
The Arcadia News thinks it is too bad that tho IL
hverglndo drammge scheme could not be sidetracked
in in favor of some plan to settle people upon lands
already drained and ready for cultivation To the
bystander ignorant i norant of political wire wirepullimj pulIing it would
win lm that for the present the need in this State < is
more inhabitants When the vast tracts of fertile
soil now awaiting the homcscckcr are settled then
would be time to prepare more lands Has the News
or any an other paper in Polk and De Soto Conntv I
given a thought to the probable effect of the Okee
ehobeo drainage on the lake systems of these counties countiesThe countiesThe I
I
The Commissioner of Agriculture has found it
mwssary n oln r to suspend Ru pond the publication puhlica tion of the Monthly
Huletin for want of funds The cause is accounted
for by h the failureof failure of the last Legislature J to provide
funds for the nddi additional onal printing made
necessary by
the enactment of the Pure Feed Law 10 has necessi I
tated placing the entire cost of this extra work on
the appropriation provided only for the printing of
the he Department o of Agriculture The publication Tmhlicution of I
the Bulletin is is therefore suspended cl for the above
reason until about January 1000 So
we save at
the spigot flpi ot and lose at
the bungholo But then it is isContinued isContinued s sContinued
Continued on Thirteenth Page

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