Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME XLV. -NUMBER 27.
(By Everett P. Teasdale, member of
"Board of Cost Review" for Yuma
Project, representing the Water
, Users upon such hoard.)
4 'The Down of a Better Day," in Nation
al Irrigation Projects, United States
Reclamation Service, Department of
About Dr. Ehvood Meade's work dur-1
ing the past eight years under the'
British government, a well ppsted au-j"THE DAWN OF A BETTER , DAY"
thority has the following to say: . fk--$ii-''
"Some-yhine.. years ago affairs in the Irrigation.lSjettlement in the United
State of '' Victoria, Australia, from ai .States Upon National Irrigation,.;:,
National Irrigation standpoint were in j ' Projects .
a chaotic and unsettled condition, andj
the government was seeking a reme- The New Attitude; Big National Move
dy to apply to these affairs. j ment; General Deductions
"After careful consideration from all '
of its ramifications, the department of j
the British government under Parlia-
ment having in charge these affairs,
selected Dr. Elwood Meade, of the fac-(that all matters pertaining to reclama-The New Attitude; Big National Move- penditure on irrigation is gelf-support-ulty
of the University of California, a tion projects, as dealing with the ; ment; General Deductions ! ing; but in the interval the state may
famous irrigationist, organizer and ad- "Boards of Cost Review" in the re-' benefit in bigger ways. If the seven
viser, a close student of the applica- valuation, as in fixing the proper costs ' "There is evidence of a change of to ten million dollars spent in the con
tion of water to arid lands and a closer that the land owner water right appli-' attitude toward irrigation in Victoria, struction of channels results in hun
and more intimate observer from the cant and entryman upon lands under EiSht years ago Parliament decided to dreds of thousands of people being
humane standpoint of the settler, and irrigation projects, national, will be radically amend its irrigation policy, placed on the land the remarkable and
placed him in charge of the affairs of expected to pay and with this as the Although the state had spent millions unbalanced optimism of the Parlia
these irrigation systems in? the State initial step in placing the affairs of of dolIars in cutting channels into the ments of a geneartion ago will have
of Victoria, Australia.
"Dr. Meade has labored there under
the greatest and would seem almost
insurmountable difficulties and has
succeeded aboundantly, and has placed
them upon a good, commercial footing,
straightening out most of their greater
difficulties and setting them on their
way to success.
"The work of Dr. Meade there in that
country goes down in history as the
rightiEg of difficulties as between the
government and the settlers, with the
view of full recognition of the settler;
and the work done there does great
credit to Dr. Meade.
"The wisdom of the Secretary of
the Interior, Mr. Franklin K. Lane,
in selecting Dr. Meade to assist him,
as it affects the settler and his inter-
ests is to be commended; and every
irrigationist will hail with joy the ad-
Tent into reclamation affairs in tliis
country of such a factor as Dr. Elwood
"On July 1st, Dr. Elwood Meade
again resumes his duties in connec- this country, and to apply those iiieas
tion with the University of California, and methods of commercializing our
in charge of Rural Institute affairs, irrigation systems with a full lei'liza
maintaining rural credits and the like, tion and understanding gained' by ex-
YUMA, ARIZONA, THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 1915.
and will in this connection also and at
the same time act as chairman of the
Board of Cost Review of all irrigation
projects under the United States Rec
lamation Service, guided over by our
secretary, Mr. Franklin. K. Lane.
"It is, therefore, with much satisfac
tion that the irrigationists of this
j country learn of the advent of Dr.
Meade into their affairs."
With the return to this country from
Australia of Dr. Elwood Meade and!
the announcement by-Secretary LanefcVf
"The United States Reclamation Ser-
vice" as between it and the affairs of
the settler and reclaimer of the land,
upon a new and a better basis, it -is
interesting to review at this time and
as it may apply to irrigation projects
under the "Service" and more partic-!
ularly as it applies locally to the Yumaj
Irrigation Project, somewhat of the
work of Dr. Elwood Meade in Australia i
and the beneficial effect of same as
they have been applied to and as they
affect the settler, .and as a reflection
of the future all that follows is perti-
nent, interesting and should be studied
Dr. Meade has spent the past eight
years in reorganizing, perfecting and
getting upon a successful commercial
basis the National Irrigation Svstemr,
in Victoria, Australia, under instruc-
tions of the British Parliament.
He severs his connection there to
take up similar and greater w ork in
the United States and more paiticular-
ly affecting reclamation projects in
perience in Australia as of the needs j large proprietors, who had clamored,
and necessities as it affects the re-1 for irrigation channels, as the most
claimer, the settler whose interests are ' iniquitous in history, and as tanta
now to receive full and complete at- j mount to forcing the land out of the
terition on the part of the Secretary hands of men who had rescued it from
of the Interior, with the view of mak-1 the wilderness.
ing to the settlers' success. ' j "When the state offered to buy their
The irrigation systems under the j properties at a fair valuation they
Reclamation Service have been qon- j loudly claimed that it would be im
structed with great care and by care- j possible with or without irrigation, for
ful study of local conditions, and this j any one to make a living on less than
work being well under way, the Sec- j 320 acres: The state held on its way,
retary, realizing the necessity or as-! and today there are not many com
sisting the farmer and settler is em- j plaints about 320 acres, being too little.
ploying every means available to this
To the Yuma project member of the
local board of cost review, Dr. Meade
dwelonly of his work in Australia.
But a knowledge of what has been
accomplished there for the settler and j change.
to help him to success, is a reflect of j "In one irrigation district residents
what may be expected in this country, ! have come to think in different terms,
as it applied to the immediate present and generally this applies to all. A
and into the future. I big area under wheat, or a few sheep
Here and as a forecast of what may ' on many acres, is no longer the alU
be expected to happen, I desire, to to-be-desired feature. They talk of in-,
quote for your consideration from ; tensive culture as an accepted policy
every part of Dr. Meade's work in the and of the idea of making the men.
State of Victoria Australia: I who are served by the channels pay
i for them as merely reasonable and cer-.
IN VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA".
dry areas, thousands .of acres were ar-
tificially watered. Hundreds of miles
of costly channels were used for no "The original idea was to make the
other purpose than to provide the capital invested in state channels re
large land holder with a supply of turn reasonable interest. That idea
water for his stock in summer, with
Perhaps the irrigation of a patch of ten
acres or so under lucerne. Inevitably,
tIle general tax payer had to foot a
heavV annual bill. Mr. Elwood Meade
was engaged to establish irrigation on
a commercial. In his first tour of
the so-called "Irrigation District" he
was appalled by the gigantic task. The
way out appeared to lie first in insti-
tuting a compulsory charge for water mistakes were bound to be made, but,
upon the acreage in each- holding where intelligence is honestly and sys
served. It was considered that such tematically applied to rectify them it
charge might have the effect of fore- is only a question of time before the
ing the settler to' employ labor, to so scheme will work with facility and an
place more people upon the land. It absence of friction. There have been
did have the effect of leading the ad- attracted to the holdings hundreds of
ministration to the most important men not fitted in natural industry, in
phase of the whole movement closer experience, or in capital for the task,
settlement in relation to irrigation. Some of them have misrepresented
'Thus the bigger area grew out of the their capability and resources. Each
smaller. new settler in an irrigation district be-
Intense Culture ' comes a pioneer. He had everything
"At its inception, eight years ago, to learn regarding irrigation culture,
the" compulsory charge described by, Continued On last page
Indeed one occasionally hears that 100
acres is too large an area, and that
unless he has big capital a man is
likely to do as well on 50 acres. It is
in that respect that the general atti
tude has undergone a aignnicttnt
tainly feasible. v
"It may be some years, even twenty-
years before enormous national ex-
served a useful purpose
The Biq Obiective
persists today; but is, or should be,
secondary to the great objective of
settling small holders on the landarti-
"Progress so far made is to say the
least, most hopeful.
"Our national .irrigation policy is,
perhaps, the biggest thing of the kind
ever undertaken by a state (referring
to Victoria). In its initial stages