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WHY IS NATION OF UNITED STATES AT WAR?
SECY. LANE TELLS ALL THE
CAUSES WHICH IMPELLED
THE NATION TO FIGHT.
WASHINGTON, D. C, June 5
Secretary of the Interior Lane last
night made a speech before the Home
Club of the Interior deportment in
which he answered the question:
"Why Are We Fighting Germany?"
"America is at war," Mr. Lane said,
"in self defense and because she could
not keep out; she is at war to save
herself with the rest of the world
from the nation that has linked itself
with the Turk and adopted the meth
od of Mohomet, setting itself to make
the world bow before policies backed
by its organized and scientific military
"It is the duty of all, their legal as
well as their patriotic duty, to regis
ter if within the class called. There
are some who have not clearly seen
the reason for that call. To these I
would speak a word.
Why Are We Fighting?
"Why are w e fighting Germany?
The brief answer is that ours is a war
of self defense. We did not wish to
fight Germany. She made the attack
upon us; not on our shores, but on
our ships, our lives, our rights, our
future. For two years and more we
held to a policy that made us apolo
gize for things which outraged man's
common sense of fair play and hu
manity. "At each new offense the invasion
of Belgium, the killing of civilian Bel
gians, the attacks of Scarborough and
other defenseless towns, the laying of
mines in neutral waters, the fencing
off of the seas and on and on through
the months we said: 'This war is
archaic, uncivilized war, but war. All
rules have been thrown away; all no
bility; man has come down to the
primitive brute. And while we cannot
justify we will not intervene. It is
not our way.'
Could Not Keep Out.
"Then why are we in? Because we
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could not keep out. The invasion of
Belgium, which opened the war, led
to the invasion of the United States by
alow, steady, logical steps. Our sym
pathies evolved into a conviction of
self interest. Our love of fair play
ripened into alarm at our own peril.
"We talked in the language and in
the spirit of good faith and sincerity,
as honest men should talk until we
discovered our talk was construed as
cowardice. And Mexico was called
upon to cow us. We talked as men
would talk who cared for peace and
the advancement of their own mater
ial interests, until we discovered that
we were thought to be a nation of
mere money makers, devoid of all
character until, indeed, we were told
that we could not walk the highways
of the world without permission of a
Prussian soldier, that our ships might
not sail without wearing a striped
uniform of humiliation, a narrow path
of national subservence. We talked
as men talk who hope for honest
agreement, not for war, until we
found that the treaty torn to pieces
at Liege was but the symbol of a
policy that made agreements worth
less against a purpose that knew no
word but success.
So We Go in.
"And so we came into this war for
ourselves. It Is a war to save America,
to preserve self respect, to justify our
right to live as we have lived, not as
someone else wishes us to live. In
the name of freedom we challenge
with ships and men, money and un
daunted spirit, that word 'verboten,'
which Germany has written upon the
sea and upon the land.
"With this background of history
and in this sense, then, we fight Ger
many: "Because of Belgium invaded, out
raged, enslaved, impoverished Bel
gium. We cannot forget Liege, Lou
vain and Cardinal Mercier. Translated
into terms of American history these
names stand for Bunker Hill, Lexing
ton and Patrick Henry.
"Because of France, invaded, dese
crated France, a million of whose
heroic sons have died to save the land
of LaFayette. Glorious golden France,
the preserver of the arts, the land of
noble spirit. The first land to follow
our lead into republican liberty.
"Because of England from whom
came the laws, traditions, standards
of life and inherent love of liberty
which we call Anglo-Saxon .civiliza
tion. We defeated her once on the
land and once on the sea. But Austra
lia, New Zealand, Africa and Canada
are free because of what we did. And
they are with us in the" fight for the
freedom of the seas.
New Russia Must Be Free.
"Because of Russia, new Russia. She
must not be overwhelmed now. Not
now surely when she is just born into
freedom. Her peasants must have
their chance; they must go to school,
to Washington, to Jefferson and to
Lincoln, until they know their way
about this new strange world, of gov
ernment by the popular will, and,
"Because of other peoples, with
their rising hope that the world may
be freed from government by the sol
dier. Germany's Way Terrorism and Deceit.
"We are fighting Germany because
she sought to terrorize us and then
to. fool us. We could not believe that
Germany would do what she said she
would do upon the seas.
"We still hear the piteous cries of
the. children coming out of the sea
where the Lusitania went down. And
Germany has never asked forgiveness
of the the world.
"We saw the Sussex sunk, crowded
with the sons and daughters of neutral
"We saw ship after ship sent to the
bottom ships of mercy bound out of
America for the Belgium starving
ships carrying the Red Cross and la
den with the wounded of all nations
ships carrying food and clothing to
friendly , harmless terrorized people
ships flying the Stars and Stripes
sent to the bottom hundreds of miles
from shore, manned by American sea
men, murdered against all law, with
Germany Was Treacherous.
"We believed Germany's promise
that she would respect the neutral
flags and the rights of neutrals, and
we held our anger and outrage In
check. But now we see that she was
holding us off with fair promises un
til she could build her huge fleet of
submarines. For when spring came
she blew her promise into the air, just
as at. the beginning she had torn up
the "scrap of paper.'
"Then we saw clearly that there
was but one law for Germany, her
will to rule.
"We are fighting Germany because
she violated our confidence. Paid Ger
man spies filled our cities. Officials
of her government, received as guests
of this nation, lived with us to bribe
and terrorize, defying our law and the
law of nations.
Tried To Provoke Enemies.
"We are fighting Germany because
while we were yet her friend the
only great power that still held hands
off she sent the Zimmerman note
(Continued on Page Four)
(Continued From Page One.)
Fourteen miles from the heart of the city, the Nineteenth
division of the new national army, comprising more than
30,000 soldiers, will be under canvas. Drills, such as will
prepare them for the battle line in Europe will take place
daily. At the military aerodrome at North Island, military
airmen are making from 110 to 150 airplane flights daily.
These airplanes fly directly over the city.
Two thousand apprentice seamen, attached to the San
Diego naval training station at Balboa park, in the heart of
the city, also holdspectacular drills during the Fiesta pe
riod. Visitors to San Diego during the fiesta period will be
permitted to inspect the naval station and to obtain first
hand knowledge of naval life from the officers and men.
Approximately 30,000 soldiers, sailors and civilians will
march in the fiesta parade scheduled for Saturday, June 23.
While the parade is wending its way through the flag deco
rated streets military airplanes will circle overhead.
Other features that will take place during the three days'
celebration will be a mermaids' revel, airplanes, boat, swim
ming and submarine chaser races, concerts by military
bands, a night water pageant and many other amusement
features. General Esteban Cantu, governor of Lower Cali
fornia, members of his staff, the band of the Twenty-ninth
Mexican infantry and the governors and mayors of the
states and leading cities throughout the southwest will be
in attendance at the Fiesta.
STATEMENT OF ACREAGE OF CROPS PLANTED.
(By J. R. Kerr and L. W. Alexander.)
Yuma Valley Cotton 10,900, alfalfa 9379, grain 3322,
truck 816, pasture 752, orchard 189, being prepared 1724,
being cleared 1783; total 28,865 acres.
Indian and Bard Units Cotton 1442, Alfalfa 3291, grain
1254, truck 250, pasture 651, orchard 50 being prepared 798,
being cleared 430; total 8166 acres.
Gila Valley Alfalfa 393, grain 156; total 549 acres.
Total Acres in Cotton.
Yuma Valley Long staple 3815, short staple 7,085 ptotal
Indian and Bard Units Long staple 1442 acres.
Latest Market Reports.
Cotton 20c, milo maize $62.50 ton, fetereta $62.50 ton, al
falfa hay $16.50 ton, barley $45.00 ton, wheat $60.00 ton.
Cattle 6c to 9c, hogs 8c to 12c, lambs 12c, turkeys 24c,
chicks 15c, eggs 35c.
Cost of water for irrigation with an unlimited supply of
water 50c per acre foot..
Unimproved lands from $75 up.
Improved lands from $150 up.
365 growing days each year and with the exception of
cotton, you can grow two crops a year.
Alfalfa seed 500 to 1300 pounds to the acre and about
four tons of hay each year.
Alfalfa hay 8 to 12 tons to the acre each year.
Milo maize, fetereta, etc from 1 to 3 tons to the acre, two
crops each year, making from 2 to 6 tons to the acre each
Wheat and barley From 30 to 40 bushels to the acre at
each cutting, two crops each year.
Cotton From-1 to 2 1-4 bales to the acre.
Up-to-date schools, roads, churches, business houses,
business houses, buildings, and in fact everything pertaining
to an up-to-date city and farming community.
A good realthy climate, first class drinking water, no hu
midity, electricity, gas, telephone systems all over the county
and every other convenience that anyone could desire.
Four newspapers Two dailies and two weekleys.
Main line railroads Southern Pacific Company and the
San Diego & Arizona.
The only frostless belt in the United States.
Fine automobile stage services from the city to any part
of the county.
HIGHBINDERS ASK CORPORATION COMMISSION
TO DISCONTINUE MUDDY WATER SYSTEM.
The appended notice was received by the editor of the
ARIZONA SENTINEL last Friday. It will be seen that
no request is made by the Los Angeles highbinders for the
corporation commission to fix the rates for water, gas, light
and power, the highbinders evidently fearing that possibly
the rates might be cut in two.
ARIZONA CORPORATION COMMISSION
State of Arizona,
Phoenix, Ariz., June 7, 1917
The Yuma Sentinel,
Gentlemen: Herewith we hand you Notice of
Hearing in Docket No. 407, In the matter of the applica
tion of the Yuma, Light, Gas & Water Company for an
Order authorizing the Issue of Stock, and
Notice of Hearing in Docket No. 409, In the mat
ter of the application of the Yuma Light, Gas & Water
(Continued on Page Four.)