Newspaper Page Text
Established Nov. 1870, "by. J2as. M. Barney, and Judge Wm. J. Berry; 'pur
chased 1875 by John W. Dorrington,
July 1, 1911; who in turn relinquished to B. F. Fly on January 1, 1917; puD
lished for 46 years without missing an issue.
SUBSCRIPTION RATE, PER YEAR
Entered at Yuma, Yuma Co, Ariz., as second-class mail. Published on Thursdays.
B. F. FLY
"Our Country! In her intercourse with foreign na
tions mayshe always be in the right; Jratour country, right
or wrong" Stephen Decatur." . .
TODAY'S SOLEMN DUTY.
This day will go down in the life histories of some Yav
apai county young men as a momentous one. For early this
morning the local 'board will begin examining registrants
for admission to the first war army the United States ever
raised by means of the selective draft.
The duty of the board is plain. Its work has been so
hedged about with military rules and regulations, that its
performance will be practically automatic, once it gets un
der way. On the man the individual fighting unit that
Uncle. Sam hopes to choose from the great mass who are
unable to fight or will be more useful in peace pursuits
rests a duty no less solemn, and no less well defined.
This is a case in which sympathy, emotion, human ties,
politics, pull and favoritism will count for little. The army
needs men, and it will have them. In this crisis, the war de
partment has imposed not only its own rules, but its own
methods for interpreting them. It has proclaimed, in effect,
that the handling of cases by the exemption 'board is to be
swift, sure and silent. To this end, it has provided for ap
peals direct to higher boards, then to the war department,
then to the president. No court, no lawyer, no delays, fuss
ing, weighty documents, arguments just results.
The personal convenience of the man or all of him, will
not be taken into consideration. Being human, the heads
of .the war department have provided that boards may issue
transfers to applicants, who plead inconvenience. This lee
way, however, is more designed to meet the demands of men
who, by acts of God or accident entirely out of their control,
are prevented from being Johnny-on-the-Spot when their
There will probably be fewer slackers in this county
than was first figured on. But there will be more than
enough, at that. Let every man who contemplates some un
worthy excuse to escape service, remember that his will be
a bitter pill. He may think he will be better off as a live
coward than a dead hero, but that hoary old flippancy of the
affrighted is not allowed for in the new rules. If the Journal-Miner
publishes your name and your excuse no matter
how worthy or how flimsy it may be, do not take "offense.
We will be merely following out General Crowder's latest
order to the board and to the press, in order to discourage
to the very limit of our personal and typographical ability,
the slacker. Journal-Miner, Aug. 9.
LABOR'S LOYALTY IS
PLEDGED BY TYPOS
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo., Aug.
16 The united support of the Interna
tional Union was pledged to President
Wilson at yesterday's session of the
63rd annual convention.
A resplution declaring for the prin
ciples of democracy and the right of
nations to work out their own desti
nies was also adopted. The woman's
auxiliary adopted a patriotic resolu
tion pledging support to the govern
ment in its conduct of the war and
expressing the admiration of the
"Great army of American women who
are giving their dear ones that democ
racy may Hge."
The resolutions followed the receipt
of a telegram from Samuel Gompers,
president of the American Federation
of Labor, In which he emphasized that
labor Is vitally concerned in the out
come of the war, that everyone must
do his Or her part, and that the In
ternational Typographical Union with
its unity of spirit occupies a place in
the front rank.
The proposal to hold the convention
constantly in Indianapolis with the ex
ception of meeting in Colorado Springs
every tenth year, was defeated. Colo
rado as the home city, is visited every
ten years as a matter of precedent.
Scranton, Pa., was the only city plac
ed before the convention for next
year's meeting, which assures that city
the 1918 session.
Addresses were given by Governor
Gunter, Mayor C. E. Thomas, Marsden
G. Scott, president of the International
Typographical Union, and T. U. Mc
Cullough of Omaha.
who relinquished to W. H. Shorey on
i . $2.00
CUSTOM HOUSE THIEVES
ARRESTED; THREE ESCAPE
NO GALES, Aug. 16. A. Obregon,
administrado Of customs at Nogales.
Sonora, is held in connection with al
leged $100,000 irregularities in customs
(Elections for which fifteen were pre
viously arrested, three escaping yes
terday. All prisoners are being held incom
municado. In addition tothe placing
of line guards under arrest, a num
ber of the clerks In the custom house
were arrested and several are work
ing under surveillance of the police.
Unofficial reports have been circu
lated to the effect that there is a de
ficiency of more than $50,000 in the
custom house. Officials today refused
to confirm this rumor. It is under
stood that the arrest of Commandante
Palma was brought about thru the fal
sifying of reports relative to the ex
portation of cars containing garban
zos. It is alleged that custom guards
have been holding up persons passing
across the border and relieving them
of valuables. It is understood from
official sources that a thoro investiga
tion of the custom house and military
police is to be made and more arrests
are looked for.
CONGRESSWOMAN AND MINERS
WILL CONFER TONIGHT
BUTTE, Mont, Aug. 16. Arranging
a conference of Congresswoman Jean
ette Rankin with the Metal Miners'
Union, it is expected that both sides
will confer tonight, Judge Covington,
the president's representative, is work
ing out the details.
SEEKING OUT THE ENEMY.
Many Americans who ought to know
better cling to the argument that it
is unwise and unnecessary to send
American troops abroad "to fight for
others." They Insist that the Ameri
can troops are not in France to defend
America, but to assist the allies in
their fight with Germany. "If the
United States should be invaded, then
we should fight to the last man. But
we have no business fighting in Eur
This kind' of reasoning has appealed
with great force to tens of thousands
of Americans whose patriotism cannot
be questioned. They would fight to
the death in defense of the country, if
it were attacked, but they do not un
derstand why, the United States army
should be sent to Europe.
The simple truth is that every
American soldier sent to Europe is
sent in the defense of this country.
The United States' has been attacked
just as effectively as if the kaiser's
armies were bombarding New York.
There was an "invasion" of the United
States when the German government
Insolently ordered American ships off
the high seas. When the kaiser's
agents set bounds to the sovereignty
of the United States on the high seas,
and murdered Americans who dared
to disobey the commands of the Ger
man government, the United States
was invaded as truly and as danger
ously as if the German army had eng
tered the outskirts of Washington.
It is for full sovertign rights as an
independent nation that the United
States fights. It is not merely to
keep German soldiers off American
soil. Sovereignty means more than
the strength to repel invasion. It
means the power to enforce respect
and recognition of national rights any
where in the world.
When American soldiers are in Eur
ope, organizing to move on Berlin,
they are where they belong. They
are defending the flag and moving
forward to compel respect for its
rights to fly anywhere on the high seas.
When America defends its flag and
its rights it does not move backward.
It moves toward the enemy's works.
It never ceases to move forward un
til it takes the enemy's works and
forces an unconditional surrender.
It happens that other nations have
been attacked by Germany and are
moving to defeat her. The United
States would fight whether they
fought or not, but it is happy to fight
by their side. The. fight will be mer
rier and the enemy will be all the
more soundly punished.
Germany is not the enemy of the
United States on the Atlantic ocean
only. She is an enemy wherever
found, and it is the right and duty
of America to hit her wherever she
is vulnerable, either in Europe, Asia
Minor or on the seas. The allies of
Germany are the enemies of the Uni
ted States. They should be declared
such, and the United States should
make war upon them. The defeat, of
Austra-Hungary and its complete
emancipation from German rule would
not only defeat German but keep her
It may be that the United States
could aid the allies in striking a fear
ful blow at Germany thru the Bal
kans. If so, the United States should
not hesitate to act. Germany will
compel Turkey to massacre Ameri
cans wherever military interests will
be 'served. Germany is out enemy
everywhere, at all times, thru all
agencies. The United States, repre
senting self-government and liberty,
is the shining target for every missile
possessed by absolutism, represented
It is an irrepressible, world-wide
conflict between liberty and her foes.
American soldiers and sailors are at
home wherever they can find the eng
emy. Washington Post. '
UNCLE SAM'S THOUGHT
THRIFT FOR THURSDAY
A Way to Utilize Stale Bread.
Here Is a way suggested by the Uni
ted States department of agriculture to
utilize stale bread and left-over milk.
French Toast Beat up together 1
egg, 1 cup of skim or whole milk, and
salt to taste. Place a small quantity
of butter, bacon fat or other suitable
fat in a broad-bottom frying pan. Dip
slices of stale bread into the egg and
milk mixture until they are thoroly
moist and fry on both sides until. a
golden brown. Serve hot with or with
NEW PLATINUM FIELD;
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6 The dis
covery of platinum in Alaska by Dr.
Herschel Parker, has aroused govern
ment activities and four experts were
assigned today for an investigation.
Hanlon Heading Is delivering 1808
second feet of Colorado river water in
to the Alamo canal for Imperial's thirs.
ty acres. Irrigation officers appear
confident of a sufficient water supply
for cotton and other crops.
r ON THE FIRING LINE
(By .Associated, Press.)
'.FRENCH FRONT, Aug.- 16. Cor
respondence.) Dozens of divisions of
the French army now sleep under
ground in comparative comfort, even
In the front lines, when the Germans
are hurling tens of thousands of shells
on the ground above them, thanks to
the' work of the companies of exca
vators formed since the .beginning of
The men chosen to construct these
shelters, which have preserved so
many thousands of lives, are soldiers
whose age varies between 45 -and .50,
and who would have been unfit to
take part in the active operations of
modern battles, where quickness of
movement and litheness of limb are
absolute necessities. .
No matter what the nature of the
soil, whether hard rock, quicksand,
cfialk or marshy land, these veterans
have overcome all the difficulties and
have succeeded m constructing for
midable bomb-proof shelters all along
the line of the front from the North
sea to the Swiss frontier until at the
present moment any fighting unit ar
riving at almost any part of the line
finds a habitable dug-out awaiting it.
The correspondent of the Associ
ated Press has seen and been inside
dozens of these subterranean cities
for such they may be termed at
many places. In some cases a battal
ion finds accommodation in a single
shelter, and each man lodged in it
la provided with a simple bed consist
ing of wire netting foundation support
ed by wooden uprights. On this par
the soldier. lays his regulation bundle
of strawy and, covering himself with
his army blanket and greatcoat, can
sleep with freedom from anxiety as to
any bombardment in progress outside.
The shelters are provided generally
with electric light or acetylene lamps,
sanitary conveniences, and, in some
cases, with complete shower baths.
First aid posts and dressing stations
with all modern surgical appliances
are also on hand, so that the surgeon
attached to the unit may attend im
wediately to any wounded men who
may be brought in from the nearby
So well are the shelters protected
from the view of the enemy that al
tho in many instances the under
ground lodging covers an. area of 3,000
square yards, not once in. the course
of the past year has one of them been
destroyed by the enemy's fire. They
have many exits, the plan being to pro
vide one for each section or quarter
company, so that in case one - exit
should be hit and blocked the men
inside may escape thru another open
ing. At the beginning of the war the
soldiers actually in the fighting line
made their own shelters, which were
just holes dug in the ground and cov
ered with tree trunks and earth and
affording very little protection, besides,
taking up much of the time of the
soldiers and costing very much labor
and money for transporting the riec
It was then decided to utilize the
older classes of the reserve of the ter
ritorial army who had bee ncalled to
the colors and who, despite their pre
vious military training had. been found
unable to bear the strain of campaign
Several companies of them were
formed and they were first given the
task of constructing shelters in the
Somme district and around Verdun
Their officers were chosen from the
engineer corps and from men who in
civil life were engaged in similar un
dertakings, such as builders and mi
ners. Most of the men were peasants
used to digging in the fields and their
work was very satisfactory,' but this
kind of excavating worf was different
and they suffered considerably from
the unusual motion of having to throw
the earth upward, or wheeling it in
barrows up steep inclines.
One of the officers overcame this
trying difficulty by inventing an ap
paratus for carrying loosened earth or
rock to the surface by use of electric
power. By this arrangement two men
can do the work formerly done by
ten. When the earth ha's reached the
surface it falls into barrows and is
wheeled away along the level and dis
tributed about in such a manner as
not to attract the attention of the eng
emy's airmen always flying about the
lines to observe what is going on in
the opposing position.
Several army sawmills have been
started to privide the props and plank
ing for the shelters and everything
is done at minimum cost.
The veterans so employed have sus
tained losses when working in ex
posed positions, but no danger appears
to daunt them and they continue their
jobs as tho they were working in the
fields at home. They have adapted
themselves to the use of the modern
tools, and altho the great majority
of them had no previous experience
of electric drills and borers they now
use them as well as as practiced
Money! Money! Money!
1 I have all kinds of it to loan
on either straight loans at
8 or on easy repayment
Fire Insurance Specialist.
Emil C. Eger
McCutcheon and Baily
YUMA - ARIZONA
Yuma Valley Produce Store
GROCERIES, FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
First and Main Streets
Buys and. Sells All Kinds of Country Produce.
IS THE ONLY FIRST
CLASS RESTAURANT IN
YUMA THAT SERVES
MEALS AT ALL HOURS
OF THE DAY AND NIGHT.
SPECIAL DINING ROOM
TH VERY BEST OF
EVERYTHING THAT THE
The Thomas Barber Shop
244 Main Street.
Everything new. The most up-to-date Barber Shop
in Yuma. Your patronage solicited.
New Southern Pacific Hotel f
Only first class hotel in Yuma, with first class
Dining Room attached. m.
Sunday dinners a specialty. '
F. S. MING, Proprietor $
A First Class HoteV
at Moderate Rates
"Always Popular More so now"
Under new management
a. k. Mcdonald, Prop.
, 100 rooms without bath. $1.00 per day
yr?: 100 rooms with bath $1.50 per day
50 rooms with bath $2.00 per day
Steam Heat and Running
Water in all Rooms
We call for your clothes
and return them spotless.
Maiden Lane, Near Third St.
O. C. JOHNSON,
356 Second Ave., Phone 171.
N. S. PARKS.
Plmbing and Tin Shop.
Best Equipped Shop in the City
Phone 145-J. 416 Second Street
A Hotel Noted for
LOS ANGELES, CAL.