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ft - Justice of the Peace -
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Address THE NEWS,
FROZEN FISH IN THE ARCTIC.
A Vast Shoal of Them Encountered
In lichrlnrr Sea.
Some recently returned salmon fishers,
whalers nnd sealers from tho Arc-tie
tell of a btrauge thing an occurrence
without a parallel in the experience
of those who sailed to tho far
north, says the San Francisco Chronicle.
A sea captain who was a passenger on
the salmon schooner Glenn tells the
story with much circumstance The
Glenn left the city in March last,
bound for IJehring sea, which was
reached May 4. In the latter month
there is usually a little drift ice, but
seldom enough to interfcro materially
with the progress of the many whalers,
sealers and other craft which make for
the sea at that time of the year. This
season, however, the sea was litei ally
cov ercd with drift ice, extending from
the Alaskan peninsula clear across
northward to the Yukon. Tho southwest
winds usually blow off shore, and
driving the ico further from the land
leave a passage between ico and land.
The Glenn intended to mr.lcc Bristol
bay and stood to the eabtward, but was
unable to reach it on account of the
ice, and so had to put back toward the
peninsula to await the delayed south-cast
It was while the Glenn and four
others passed up toward Bristol bay
that the phenomenon was cncounteicd.
The vessel had just emerged from
Ounimak pass, about half way between
Amoukhta island and Bristol bay,
when a vast quantity of dead fish were
encountered. They were in the water
as far as the eye could see on each side
of tho vessel, and for sixty miles the
Glenn traveled through the shoals of
On examination they proved to be
silver hake, a kind of codfish, but narrower
and smaller, and having only
two dorsal and one anal fin. Thoy
weighed between fourand live pounds,
and were perfectly fresh, tho gills
still red. Some of the sailors werj
afraid to eat thera, thinking they h.id
perhaps been killed by some subterranean
upheaval or, possibly, through
the overflow from the volcano of
Wenyalmnor, which was active last
fall. Other sailors, less fastidious, did
not hesitate to cut tho flesh open, and
then a peculiar condition was levcaled.
Although tho fish ere fresh and had
not stiffened, the gills and intestines
were found to bo full of. ice. This
was not the case in one instance, but
with every fish which was opened, and
apparently accounted for their sudden
Tlfe anomalous condition of the flesh
was the bubject of much talk and
That the fish should be comparatively
limber and that there should
be ice within thera seemed to indicate
that a shoal of them had 'been suddenly
over taken and frozen to death, and
on the thawing out of the ice the carcasses
had been released, but had not
risen in temperatuie sufficiently to
thaw out the ico in their bodies. Those
of the bailors who cooked the fish savl
that they tasted and
-.hat they were not tainted bysulpimr,
as they might have been in their death
being due to a sudden subterranean
Tho area of the frozen fish was not
less than half a mile wide and sixty
miles long-. When the Glenn on its
homeward-bound journey readied
Ounimak pass again, August 29, every
sign of tho fish had disappeared. Many
had doubtless been eaten by the gulls
and other birds, and others had sunk
in the warm water.
SUN AND MOON.
A Couplo of Interesting Folklore Stories
CoiicoriiinK JThoso Luminaries.
Tho most touching of all folklore
btories may be found in Charles F.
Lurarais' "Pueblo Folkloie." It is one
of the many myths of the moon and
beautifully conceived. Tho sun is the
Allfather, tho moon tho Allmother,
and both shine with equal light in
tho heavens. But the Trues, tho superior
divinities, find that man, the
animals, the flowers, weary of a constant
day. They agree to put out the
Allfather's or sun's eyes. " The All-mother
the mooi offers herself as a
sacufice. "Blind me," she says, "and
leave my husband's eyes." The Trues
say: "It is good, woman." They atj
ccpt the sacrifice, and take away one
of Allmothcr's eyes. Hence the moon
is less bnlliant than tho sun. Then
man finds rest at night, and tho flowers
sleep. In Mrs. Leibcr Cohen's translation
of Sachcr Masoch's "Jewish
Tales" there is a variant of tho sun and
moon story derived from the Tallnud.
Briefly told, tho sun and moon are
equally luminous. It is the moon who
wants to bo more brilliant than the
bun. Dfety is nngei ed at her demand.
Her light is lessened. "Tho moon
grew pale, e Then God pitied
iter, and gave her the stars for companions."
Tho M'en lVero Carious.
It is related that the duchessof Westminster
put into her guest chamber a
curious Swiss clock to which was attached
a punted notice: "Please do not
touch!" When M. Joly, tho Canadian
libel al, visited her grace he ventured
toinquuc the reason fcr the
"You aro the twentieth man
who has asked that question," replied
the lady, gleefully "Women, you
know, are supposed to be proverbially
curious, and I put that placard on tho
clock to test tho same weakness in
men. and I am happy to say I find them
not a whit less curious than women I
keep a list of all the gentlemen who
have asked me the question you have
just put, and there has been only one
cjkccption among all my guests who
have occupied the room; that was Mr.
Fawcett, the late postmaster general,
and he, poor man, was blind "
Tho Unlvcrsil Plant.
The tobacco plant his becomo
thoroughly naturalizcdin every part of
the world, and in many p.uts of Asia
and Africa has become so completely
domesticated that several writers have
contended that it is aboriginal in one
or the other of those continents.
An attractive appearing young
lady at an eastern revival recently ,
approached a young man with tho
remark: "It would do my heart
good to lead yoi to tho alter."
The young man gallantly replied:
"I greatly appreciate the honor
and certainly would accommodate
you, but I am engaged tow 'vis
already." " W
NOT TROUBLED BY NOISE.
Literary People tVho Coold Work In tho
Midst of Turmoil.
All that concerns the men and women
who give distinction to their day is of
interest to those who admire, criticise
nnd perhaps envy their achievements,
says Chambers' Journal. A special and
legitimate curiosity is felt in reference
to the conditions under which success
is won. Glimpses are occasionally
given into the methods of eminent
toilers, and a wonderful variety is revealed.
It is at least plain that no
guidebook to great performances the
anxious author can have his choice of
several will determine the point
where exactly tho best results are to
be obtained. One man's help is another's
hindrance. Many famous writers,
for instance, have only been able to
perfect their thoughts in silence and
seclusion. But there have also been
those who could work in tho midst of
babel nnd defy distraction. Jane Austen,
whoso unpretentious canvases are
full of some of the most life-like portraits
in fiction, was never in the habit
of seeking solitude to compose. She
wrote sitting in tho family circle, and
under perpetual risk of interruption.
It was the samo with a successful lady
novelist happily still living.
Mrs. .Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote
her best-known story on a plain pine
table, by the aid of an evening lamp,
in a tiny wooden house in Maine.
About her were gathered children of
various ages, conning their lessons or
at play, nnd never guessing what a
treasure mine of excitement was com
ing into existence for other young people
in "Uncle Tom's Cabin." A largo
part of the "Roman History" of Dr. Arnold
was composed under similar circumstances.
Dean Stanley hassketched
the Rugby student, where Arnold sat
at his work, "with no attempt at seclusion,
conversation going on around htm
his children playing in the room his
frequent guests, whether friends or
former pupils, coming in or out at
will." Thomas Lovcll Beddoes, a poet
of luxuriant fancy and true genius,
though much neglected, also found a
stimulus to tho crcativo faculty of his
muse in working in playful and even
noisy company. Such cases recall tho
story of the learned man of Padua, who
assured Montaigne that ho actually
needed to be hemmed in by uproar before
he could proceed to study.
WOMEN WHO WRITE.
A Delightful Comparative Study with the
When a man writes ho wants pomp
and circumstance and eternal space
from which to draw; If ho writes at
home, .says the Boston Advertiser,
he needs a study or a library, and ho
wants the key lost and tho keyhole
pasted over so that no one can disturb
him. His finished products arc of much
importance to him, nnd, for a time, he
wonders why the planets have not
changed their orbits or the sunshine
acquired a new brilliancy because he
has written something by a cast it on
A woman picks up some scraps of a
copybook or the back of a pattern,
sharpens ! pencil with the scissonypr
gnaws the enn takes rip
old geography, tuckjher1! foot tinder.
ner, sucks ncr pcnciiFpcriouicatfKn
Sho can write with Genevieve pounding
out her exercises on the piano,
with Mary buzzing over her history
lesson for to-morrow, Tommy teasing
the baby, and the baby pulling the
cat's tail. The domestic comes and
goes for directions and supplies, but
the course of tiue love runs on, tho
lovers woo and win, and the villains
kill and die among the most commonplace
A man's best efforts, falling short of
genius, are apt to be stilted, but the
woman who writes will often, with the
stump of a pencil nnd amid the distractions
above mentioned, produce a tender
bit of a poem, a dramatic situation
or a page if description that, though
critics rave, lives on, traels thiough
fthc exchanges and finds a place in
the bcrapbooks of the men and women
who know a good thing when they sco
it, whether there is a well-known name
signed to it or not.
HIS REGULAR BUSINESS.
A Mayor Who Was Not A novo Asking a
Stranger for Aim?.
The people of the extreme south of
France, in the neighborhood of the
Pyrenees, havo a hard shift to live.
Some of them gain a livelihood by taming
Many others take to begging, which
becomes a trade by itself, reasonably
remunerative and not exactly dishonorable.
Baron Haussmann in his
"Meraoires" cites the case of one of
these professional beggars who
amassed a good property and finally
became mayor of a large commune.
Even then he continued to ply his
trade, especially in the bathing season,
when many tourists visited the country.
One of these outsiders was so
taken aback at the sight of the mayor
begging on the street that he remonstrated
with the mendicant.
"I should think you would be
ashamed," said the stranger. "You, a
man holding so honorable an ofilce."
"Office!" said the mayor. "My office!
Why, man, this is how I gained it."
Ntpolcon's Opinion of Lore.
During the period when Napoleon was
with his regiment at Auxonne, as lieutenant
of artillery, he devoted much of
his spare time to authorship. He wrote
two bhort pieces, one a "Dialogue
on Love," and the other "Reflections
on tho State of Nature." Prof. William
M. Sloane, in his new "Life of Napoleon,"
quotes the following interesting
extract from the former in the
Century: 'I too was once in love," he
says of himself. It could not well have
been in Ajaceio, and it must have been
the memoricr. of the old Valence, of a
pleasant existence now ended, which
called forth tho doleful confession. It
was the future Napoleon who was presaged
in the antithesis. "I go further
than tho denial of its existence; I believe
it hurtful to society, to the individual
welfare of men."
The defaulting State treasurer of
South Dakota lias been captured in
Mexico and steps aro being taken
for his return under our extradition
The Fiji Islanders havo been
swept up, turned over and pitched
outby rivaled the
genuine ICansas production?
THK IJLUK DANUBI3 WALTZ.
Thev drifted dowii the hall together,
lie smiles In her lilted c)es:
Like the uaesof that mighty rher,
Tho strains of tho "Danube" rise:
Thev float on its rjthniic measure
I ike leaves on a summer's stream;
And here in this scene of pleasure,
I bury my sweet, dead dream.
Through the cloud of her dusty tresses,
Like a star, shines out her face.
And the form his stiong arm presses
Is sjlpli like in its crace.
As a leaf on the bounding riv cr
Is lost in the fcecthing sea.
I know that forev cr and ev cr
M) dream is lost to me.
And still the V lols aro plav ing
That grand old vtordless rhyme;
And still those two arc swaying
In perfect tune and time
If the great bassoons that mutter,
If the clarinets that blow,
Were gl en a voice to utter
The secret things they know.
Would the llsfs of the slalu who slumber
On Danube's battle plains.
The unknown hosts outnumber
Who die 'ueath the "Danube's" strains?
Those fall where tho cannons rattle,
'Mid tho rain of shot and shell.
But those In a fiercer battle.
Find death in the music's snell.
w. 1th tho river's roar of passion
Is blended tho dying groan;
But here in the halls ot fashion.
Hearts break, and make no mnmi. i
And the music, swelling and sweeping
Liko the ri er, know s it all;
But none are counting or keeping
jjie mis ui inose wno jau.
Mr. Uryan Hopes That One Will Not be
The distinguished young
from Nebraska, Hon.
"W". J. Bryan, recently expressed
his. pleasure at being relieved from
tho cares of official lifo at Washington.
"I am on my way home,"
he said, "and expect to celcbiate
my thirty-fifth birthday on the 19th
of March with my family at Lincoln."
"Have you seen tho manifesto of
tho Silver League regarding a new
"Yes; but I think that their action
is prematuro, and thoy were
unwise in suggesting the name of
a candidate for President at this
"Do you think that there will
havo to be a new party in 1896 to
carry out the fight for
"I hopo not. If tho Democratic
party does its duty there will bo
no need of one. It has been stated
that I had bolted the Democratic
party. Such is not tho case. I
am still a Democrat, and tho true
friends of silver will not say in advance
of tho action of tho National
Conventions of tho
two parties, what they will do. If
they should do so they will put
themselves in tho light of bolters
making threats and weaken -their
influence. It may bo possible that
tho Populists, silver Republicans
and silver Democrats will have to
come together for a candidate. I
confess that tho outlook for harmony
in tho Democratic party on
tho money question is not flatter
ing, but I shall still hopo for it."
"Is there any chanco of the Re
publicans -; nominating a silver
manJ &mW" it-,Er yssgf?rtL
afraid of it t'viKSmmmKaiu
"Would not Reed bo accsptablo
to the silver men on his side?"
"Reed has only shown his friend
ship for silver by a few interviews
and an article in a magazine, but
ho ruined himself with that element
in the party when ho voted for gold
"How about President Cleve
"Tho atmosphere about him is
all gold bug. He docs not understand
tho question. He is like
Congressman Hcndrix, of "Now
York, who said he was for silver
on a gold standard."
In the course of the conversation
Mr. Bryan declared that in his
opinion Concressman Bland, of
Missouri, was the best and most
logical candidate of the silver men
for President. Ho also said that
ho believes the silver sentiment is
rapidlv crowing. Ho thinks that
it is quito possible after taking a
few weeks' rest at homo ho may go
on the lecture platiorm tor awhile.
The World's Money.
According to tho report of tho
Director of tho Unitid States Mint
there is in the world, as near as it
is possiblo to ascertain, 83,727,018,
369, in gold and $3,820,571,34G, in
silver. Added together thoro are,
or wore before silver was demone
tized, 7,547,590,215. This consti
tuted tho redemption money of tho
human family in 1873. England demonetized
silver in 1846; the United
States and Germany in 1878; Franco
and the Latin countries in 1874; Tho
mints of India wcro closed to silvor
in 1893- By depriving silver of its
monoy function a littlo moro than
half of the money of final redemption
is blotted out of existence.
Silver becamo simply a token
that must bo redeemed in gold. In
what condition aro individuals,
associations, municipalities, states
and nations which aro largely in
debt when half of the lawful money
has been disfranchised?
It is truo that silver money, like
tho copper cent, the nickel and the
bank note, still circulates, but they
aro not money, but only promises
to pay, and must have a redeemer.
J old must not only perform its
own work, but must bear the burden
borne for many centuries by its com
panion and helpmate. "When 3,7-
2 1 ,048,309 must pcrlorm tho exchanges
hitherto transacted by 7,
547,390,215, it will notbo difficult
to understand that low wages for
labor, cheap manufactures, bankruptcies,
financial disasters and ruin
arc in store for the people. Twenty
live billions of debt become practically
farms will change hands, and many
who aio in comfortable circumstan
ces Avill become tenant farmers.
God pity all who are in debt to tho
amount of ono third of tho appraised
value of their
ERUPTION OF ORIZABA., f
Iho Old Crater Again !n an Artlic Mai
Tho peak of Orizaba, an ancient
volcano, is in si state of eruption.
Tho signs of disturbance) began
to manifest themseh a on March
3d, and have increased in force
constantly since that time.
It is now vomiting poisonous
gases and thick volumes oi smoke
are emitted fiom a bundled apertures
in its gieat maw.
Tho earth for 100 miles around
is shaken periodically with
ancan vibrations. .
A great alarm exists among tho,
dwellers in the cities oPtJouloVa?
Orizaba, Kalapa, and the uozi'ifsnii
small villages scattered wnmnTi,
scope of the strange and interii$tjngT
The shocks as yet have not been
of a serious nature and no damage
from them has been rcjiorted.'
Tho rim of the crater glow liko
fire, and tho thick gases lojljng
down tho mountain sides have set
aflamo tho grasses and cgctaUon
clothing the sides of tho summit,
which adds to the density of the
smoke and the giandeur of the
For public safety the governor of
the state of Vera Cruz will shoitly
name a commission of to
make all the investigation into tho
eruption possible, and to make
recommendations looking to tho
protection of the inhabitants of tho
neighboring villages. The present
eruption is in the heart of the best
improved lauds of Mexico. The
coffee plantations aro not as jrct
thought to bo in danger of damage,
nor will thoy bo unless a fail of
thick ashes occurs, which is not
Masses are being said in all the
churches of the locality to ward off
the impending danger. Coming
soon after the late destructive volcanic
activities in many 'parts' of
the ropublic, the eruption of Oriza
ba has many terrors, not only to
the people in its vicinity, biiLal
living in the great volcanic belt of
Mexico, stretching from the active
volcano of Colima'on tho west coast
clear to tho Gulf-of Mexico, on the
cast "Within this belt aro numbered
dozens of craters, either in re-
poso or smoking constantly. It is
natural to suppose that should its ,
eruptions continue, the other volcanoes
will bo affected and a general
earthquake period set in.
The consequences of such a catastrophe
aro hard to tell, but could
hardly bo anything less than very
disastrous to Puebla, Mexico city
and a hundred of other towns in
the lieait of Mexico.
., . miohitfeslpe . Wi
tno Dciore Mvuwin
day uongressa II. n.u.j
and pass a bill granting a pension
of 100 to Major John A.
nand encountered aggressive opposition.
This opposition drew from
Mr. Sickles, the one-legged hero of
Gettysburg, an eloquent appeal
that fairly made the ceiling ring
with tho plaudits from the floor
and galleries. "Let us pass one
good bill," said Mr. Sickles, "as an
atonement for all tho bad ones we
have passed. A greatful country
should not allow General John A.
McCler.iand to dio of want.
T will vntnflTnW t wni'flo r
Lincoln to mo when he spoke pf
Douglass, -Dix, Logan and
In my humble way, I offered
my services for the union,
and Mr. Lincoln said to mo that
the action of such men as Logan,
Dix, and McClernand and myself
had lifted a great burden from his
shoulders. 'If this be a party of
war,' said he, 'then it cannot succeed.
But when I see great Democratic
leaders coming forward
from the ranks I lift up nvy hands
and thank God that such success is
within our grasp.'"
At the conclusion of Mr. Sickle4
speech tho bill was passed with a
General McClernand was tho permanent
chairman of the Democratic
Xational convention which nom-,
inated Tildcn for President, at St.
Louis, in 1870. He is now lying
at tho point of death at his old
homo in Springfield, Illinois.
Tho Apache Kid
The Phcnix Jlepullican savs
that tho Apache Kid wasinPhenix
on March 12th. It was &aid
renegade had been recognized
by different persons who saw him
when bo was in jail hero six years
ago. For several reasons tho report
is discredited. An officer
who knows him says that ho is so
changed sinco then that any
recognition based, on his appearance
a half dozen years ago is valueless.
And then the Kid is not supposed
to be sulhciently loolliardy to tempt
his hunters who are already tempted
by tho standing reward of 5,000
for his capture.
C. II. Stone, a prospector who
came ir from the Humbug district
a few days ago, said that on tho
third of this month an Indian told
Capt. Ayrton that ho had shortly -before
that seen tho Kid and a
party of five Indians and two Mexicans
in the bonthcrn part of tho
territory. He said the Kid told
him that in two moons ho Was going
to make trouble in tho Humbug'
district. Zii.w :
Capt. Ayrton placed a great
of ftuth,inttlij'Indian?bi8lory! gHofHl
had known hfcS ffiffrfHimniTd
1 JJUll. j&
. As. t