Newspaper Page Text
Hgpf ' Dollar of 1873.
BHSJSr " ' ""' '' ' ""-"-" " in m ..
published eury 5aturday
II Y Till
..GUARDIAN PUBLISHING CO.,
JonN J. BlItDNO, - Managor,
Harry B. Fox, Sccrotary.
SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1895.
Feryear, !n advance .. . . 83.00
Ms Month 1.00
Address all Communications
The Guardian Pub. Co.,
An admiror of Carlisle's says ho
ras a silver lyro in 1874 and a gold
liar in 1891.
The Arizona -Populist? which was
published at Phonix, and was tho
only Populist newspaper in tho
Territory, threw up tho spongo
There is more business transacted
in Sufl'ord, in proportion to its
population, than any town in the
Territory, and still thcro is room
A bpeciai. says Chili is to coin
$10,000,000 in silver dollars annually
and i&suo 5, 10 and S20
gold pieces. Silvor will bo legal
lender up to 820. Tho taint will
exoharigo gold for silvor.
, . ii
Those mon who aro opposed to
.indopondent fVco coinago of gold
and silver by tho United Statos,
but who look to an international
agroemont to give silvor its proper
f place, cannot find much comfort in
tho bosom of tho Administration.
Tnn Democrats of Illinois, on
tlio 5th inst., at Springfield, hold
olio of tho most enthusiastic con-
volitions over known in ihal State.
Tho reprcscnlEativomcn of the
party Avero present as delegates,
and, in tho unanimous adoption of
resolutions favoring tho freb coin-ago
of silver at a ratio of 10 to 1,
tho batllo cry for 1896 was sounded.
Graham county is at present attracting
a great deal of attontion
toicrsolf for tho reason that now
TRikvads nrc4x&ig built within hor
borders, and now enterprises of all
aro going up on every
hand. Tho Gii.i valley has moro
Toller flouring mills than any other
portion of tho territory, whirls
-mows that this valley is certainly
wcjl named .vhon it is called tho
gardon spot of Arizona.
Ono'of the ladle? who accompanied
the California Press Association
n Pheaix l.isl wcok, in speaking of
1ho wonderful resoi cos of Arizona,
and Arizona's hospitable people
concluded hcrromaiksby saying:
,Why, think of it, who would havo
'xpqcted that the people of Arizona
.'.arc so enlightened, so far
'cd in tho highest features of civili
rition, why, it almost took my
" breath away when Gov. Hughes
mado It convenient in his eloquent
address ofvelcomo to put in a good
WQrd for equal rights."
Sknai'OH James K. Jose?, of Ar-
Jjaimas, predicts that tho free silver
leonIj will control tho next nation-?
Domocniiiq convention, no
y.s not one has been hold in years
i; free stiver sentimont
Jus not been the stronger, but it
vMs, ilnfurU'ntoly, not "organized.
He rtitvs the dulv of the friends oi
t'te white nietul is to sou to it tha
H'Mlelegatos mmh to tho next con
a .Miiion are emnuhiastic ana un
,t,vmprtinising advocates of the free;
i' shiao of Ho believes sil.
V.t would bfiaii o.isy winner in his
...... .i.,.t.(.'( : a..... t
1 1 i i in (
, Tin Arizona Pvpulst U no
J bus kicked tho bucket
. ) ."w i nil vu ik'iu u (a,- unwept
,r"vd 'unsung. It is peculiar that
'rPnptillsts, with all
s;rt displaj'Od by them during olec
it i tttie ml their insatiato dt'sire
Tr jHiimity.i t'iu nuver support a
niMiVv tUratfAVa'ti !....
itilj r"77. f wvnj iv !?
' V, iWSl!!, .)Lu''.
tw - -n hai
"" ' "" "" " " '" , , U-.il HUM llllMWJimij'....,miTMllMBIM Ill IIIIWIMIIHII IIIWWWWIMWIinMIIW IIIIIMIIII1MI FWPI '1IH1II I iMlWin I'l H , " i i I SHH!
ft well known fact that tho
'American uoonlo had tho richt.
V"!, n . n .,
ioro uto iormaiion oi xnis govorn
liiont, to take their gold and silver
to tho mint and havo it coinod for
tho individual benefit of each. Tho
coins thus mado woro standard
money pieces and woro legal
for taxes, dobts and obligations
of every description.
In 1873 tho resumption, act had
not boon boon passod, consequently
tho circulation of gold and -silver
was limited; but a roturn to tho
metallic standard was looked for
at any timo. According to tho statistical
abstract No. 9, tho volumo
of currency reached its maximum
This doos notincludo tho smaller
bank notes issued under tho Acts
of July 17, 1801, Juno 80, 1804, and
March 3, 1805, but it shows fifty
dollars per capita for tho popula
tion using it.
Tho money then in oxistenco was
spread over tho Southorn States,
boing soon divided among 35,
000,000 of people instead of lead 21,-000,000.
Tho volume" was rapidly contracted,
till 1809 it was reduced to
less than 700,000.000 for 40,000,-000
of people and was no larger
in 1879, wbon resumption took
placo, for 50,000,000 of pooplo,
reduced at this timo to $14 per
Of courso prices foil in proportion.
"Wo wero told, however, that
tho causo of tho fall of prices was
over-production. People did not
understand as well then as thoy do
now that tho real causo was tho
chango in tho monoy volumo.
Commodities arp always weighed
against monoy, and whero there is
littlo monoy moro commodities
must bo given for a dollar.
In August 1865 tho war dcbt of
tho government had reached its
highest point; tho total debt at this
time was 82,844,049,000. The
bonds had all been bought with
greenbacks and bad cost in gold
from 45 io 05 tents on tho dollar.
Tho volumo of paper monoy was
contracted as rapidly as possible
from 1805 to 1873, jet gold and
silver were both money, and wo
had the liglit to fall back on tho
two monoy metals at a ratio of 1G
our monoy upply, and
every dollar of'tho vast national
.warjdubtj.and all our stato, munici
pal aiidpnvate debts weropayablo
in cithor gold Or silvor coins'attho
option of the debtor. In fact, from
tho Republican platform for 1808
and from letters by prominent
statesmen we boliovo it to havo
been tho general understanding at
tho closo of tho war that tho pub
lio dobt was payablo in green
No bonds or other government
obligations wero evor at that timo
madevpiiyablo especially in gold.
Tho interest on bonds was payablo
In coin, tho pr incipal of tho origi
nal bonds in lawful monoy, and of
the refunding bonds, in coin. No
man on earth had the legal ?r mor
al fight to demand gold payment;
much less had any one tho right
to demand that silver bo demonc
tized and gold mado dearer, and
then that tho payment of all debts
should bo mado exclusively in
Why, then was the money stand
ard changed? Thcro can bo but
ono reason. A change in tho mon
ey standard from gold and silver
to gold alono would correspond
ingly increaso all dobts in tho
hands f thoso who held thorn.
A proposition to directly in
crease the bonded debt of tho
United States, or any other debts,
would havo been too barefaced
fraud to bo mado by any one. Nor
would any one have dnrod to pro
pose an increaso in tho weight of
coins as a means of increasing
debt; but if one of the monoy met
als could be dropped out tho effect
on tho other and on debts would
bo the same as if tho woight of
acoins had been increased. Ilcnco
tho dovico to demonotizosilverand
in that way lo increase tho valuo
of money, and with it all dobts,
was brought forward and clande
stinely put through Congress.
Concerning this gigantic plot
.Morton Trcwin satd in an address
at Eston Lodge, Kngland, ii) 1889:
"The national dobts of
iiad all been contracted in silver"
and could ba'e been propcily liquidated
in silver. Suddenly apd
wltr.outa word of warning, every
contract'in violated by
io clos.urc. qt cvcr3V,minUto.hiIver.
Still itvis to
tho,deed.dttnetatS ash nctoiWhal
the silv6rkquostionfatrly" omorges
as tho biggest and tho best planned
financial coup of tho contury. Tho
wholo affair was a vast "job," and
1 boliovo that any grand jury would
find a truo bill on tho evidence
that comes to ns from America."
Altgold, tho anarchistic Govoinj
or of Illinois, has pardoned
burglars from tho penitentiary
of that Stato sinco ho has been
governor, and some of them aro
again in tho clutches of tho law for
tho same offonso. It is a littlo
how tho pooplo of his
stato staud his outragoous conduct.
ijjwtho foregoing is not written
forJjSo purposo of giving forth an
intclwonal misstatement of the
facts it is certainly written by somo
creature whoso eais aro longer
than his arms, whoso intellect is
sadly slow in development, and
whose information on general top
ics enablos him to write with about
tho sarao manifest ability that a
blacksmith would exhibit in
repair of delicate jowolry.
Tho real truth is that Govcrilor
Altgold as shown by tho Stato
records of Illinois, has pardoned
less criminals, since becoming
than any othor governor, in
tho same length of timo, within the
past twenty years. If tho Herald
had a fool-killer about ho could begin
work right at home.
Friends of silver representing 20
states of the south and west held a
convention in Memphis, Tcnn, on
tho 12th and 13th. Fifteen hundred
delegates, comprising democrats,
republicans and populists,
but with "honest mbnoy" as tho
slogan of all that woro present.
Tho resolutions which wero adopted
by tho convention assert that
tho recent depression is 'duo to a
conspiracy by which silver was
demonetized. Tho effect of tho
gold standard is to establish ono
standard for tho creditor and ono
for tho debtor. Tho restoration of
silver as. money metal on an equality
with gold and tho free and unlimited
coinago of silver and gold
at tho ratio of 10 to 1 it demanded.
While international agreement is
desirable, tho United States should
not wait for, nor surrondor her
sovereign right to rcgulato its
financial affairs in tho interest of its
A shout time sinco the Oasis criti
cised tho city marshal of Nogales
for somo action whereupon that
individual threatened that if the
editor mentioned his namo again
ho would put a "tin car" on him.
To" which tho editor in tho next is-sue
The Ousts editor wishes to inform
John W. Roberts, town marshal of
JNogalcs, that this is a nee country,
that the editor is a free born Amur
ican citizen, and as such ho will
publicly criticise Mr. Roberts, or
any other public official, whenever
tho case seems to justify it
Threats will savo Mr. Roborts
from criticism; and tho threats ho
mado last Saturday only served to
show that tho slight criticism ho
had already received was richly
The peoplo of this county havo
never experienced bottor times
than thoy havo this year. Tho
farmers and cattlemen aro receiv
ing better prices for their products
than thoy havo for years, and tho
minors developing new mines
that promiso to equal in valuo any
of tho old ones, and Graham county
possesses somo of tho richest mines
in tho world, and with a reduction
in county government which tho
now Classification law causes, tho
peoplo certainly havo causo to re
joico a'nd bo happy.
If 371 1-2 grains of purp silver
was tho constitutional monoy good
for one hundred conts, and 25
grains of gold aro worth more than
ono hundred cents, then tho gold
dollar is a dishonest dollar and
should bo reduced in weight to con
form to tho established standard.
With a stable government of any
sort, even if it were a very bad one,
Nicaragua ought to be as prosper
out. as Costa Rica, but at presont it
produces littlo besides revolutions
Sometimes tncy raise as many as
two or three fine, large ones in a
It will not bo long fill Safford
will be the manufacturing center
for this part of tho Territory.
ltuntlltr1 In Now Mexico.
A special from Denver says Post-office
Inspector, McMccchcn has
leeched tolegiaphic information
from United Statos Marshal Hall
at Santa Fe. New Mexico, of tho
robboiy of tho stage on a road
'Frisco and Luna, near the
Arizona line. It is reported WJill
the stato 'is packed by 'anfigd'
GEN. McCLERNAND ON SILVEK. ttA L r, .,. TB
At tho recont Democratic State
convention of Illinois which pronounced
for frco silver at a ratio of
10 to 1, General John A.
was introduced as representing
tho old soldiers and spoke as follows:
"You can scarcely oxpect of mo
an extended response, as my present
condition of health forbids. I
am a Democrat of tho old school.
I havo never varied from tho lino
of Domocracy. I hold in honor
the mon who stand by their Stato
as pledged in tho Democratic platform
and the men faithless to tho
Democratic platform aro not to bo
trusted. Whoro arc tho old leaders
of tho Democratic party, tho
aspirants? Aro they at your
side to help you in this fight?
Aro thoy assisting you in this great
struggle that will dctcrmino tho
question of equality or aristocracy.
(Applause) Mark what I say. I
fear nothing. Tho men who arc not
prepared to takD pait in this con
test aro not tho men you aro to
to high positions in tho fu
ture. Rocollcct that. Halt, hesi
tate, omit to follow tho men who
aro not with you in this contests
Aro you prepared to puisuo tho sy
tem Which depreciates tho prices
of tho products of tho farm and put
all men still decpor in dobt and
misory and ruin? Never in the
world. Gold is tho monoy of the
rich. Silver is tho money of tho
people. Wo want a double stand
ard. In abolishing tho double
standard they aro fighting directly
against tho constitution. The constitution
provides that Congress
shall constitute monoy from gold
and silver. If you domonotizo silver
you havo committed an infract
ion of tho constitution.
An Arizon.tn in Wushlnton.
Albert C. "Bilicko, formerly of
Floronce and Tombstone, and at
present proprietor of tho
Iloiuo in Los Angeles, was in
Washington recently. In writing
to a lady friend it is not necessary
to tell who Mr. Bilicko gives
a graphic description of his doings
and observations in tho cast.
Whilo in Washington, whero ho
said ho was most hospitably received,
ho met an old friend in the
person of Thurbcr, tho Private Secretary
of President Olovcland.
Thurbor took Bilicko to the White
House and did tho honors. Bilicko
is a species of an amateur photographer,
and tikes snap shots
wherever the occasion requires.
In the various rooms of the White
Houso ho took photographs of
prominent men members of the
Cabinet and others. While in the
east room of tho .Nation's chcif
boarder, and whilo preparing for a
snap shot, President Cleveland and
his wife entered This was tho
supreme moment for Bilicko.
With truo Arizona enterprise Mr.
Bilicko told the President to stand
still a moment. Expressions of
surpriso swept ovci tho face of the
President and his wile, but boioro
thoy could decide whit to do, Mr.
Bilicko had their facial present
ments. Bilicko naively says that
he would havo asked the President
to look pleasant, but ho thought ho
would bo prosecuted for making
such an unusual request. Florence
I'illbiiHters Kench Jamaica.
A dispatch says tho steamer
Georgo II. Childs, carrying a filibustering
expedition from Key
West, has arrived at Jamaica. It
was duo in a laige measure to tho
sailing of this expedition last wcok
that tho administration determined
on energetic steps to prevent violation
of tho neutrality laws. Tho
information states only that tho
steamer has landed at somo point
in Cuba. Tho fact that informa
tion from Jamaica gives onlv the
of tho "Childs" without
mention of tho filibusters leads to
tho impression in somo quarters
that tho suspicion directed against
her may prot'e unfounded, as there
is only irregular information thus
far to show that tho steamer carried
tho party. If tho steamer as alleg
ed, has carried from tho United
States a suppry of munitions of war
and armed men to aid tho rebels
in Cuba, tho ireident may raise a
grave question as to tho responsi
bility of this government.
The confeience of tho Snowflako
Slako closed to-day. Among tho
subjects spoken on was idleness, it
was said, "The only way to raiso
industrious and honest children is
to have their time profitably cm-
ployed and not allow them to loaf
on the streets."
Much of the fruit was blown oif
by tho recent winds but still prospects
aio better than over before.
Messrs Anderson and Peterson
from St. Johns aro spending a few
days with us.
A meeting is called for
row to consider tho idea oi start
ing a tannery. ., . --
A'Uoard ofTrado to' actfqr the
.. i-" Y "-? - rr'
NcnvTho Depot, tr iLiLVi'tiJ3a
Our tables aro furnished with best
faro the country produces. Rooms
Largo, Neat, Cool and Clean.
I also keep in connection with the
Hotel a general stock of
Dry Goods, GrooorleH mid.
01-501 Q. gfppeard,
(Lato of San Francisco )
A Specialty. Terms Reasonable
For the Good tnlngs
of this earth go to
Who always keeps in Stock tho
Choicest Brands of
Yiiies, Liquors, Cigars.
Sclilitz and Anlieuser Beer
Always in Stock.
Saloon opposite Jennings and Klrtland's Stort
EEAVES and PAEKS,
Private Club Room for patrons
Read WliE '
111 m m
lOfliLP ML S y'lj n1
1 f Ifyllllildflllol
Has completed arrangements to
furnislua fine lot ofPhotographs
I am now making my photographs
on a iimv system aim guarameu
E. M, Curtis.
Main Street, THATCHER, A. T,
Manufacturer of all kinds of
TIN, SHEET IRON
AND COPPER WARE
Ropaiiing promptly and Neatly
done at Reasonablo prices.
IS TO 1-1
Do All Kinds of Building
ltid? accompanied by plans and
Furnished on Short Notice
OFFICE, UOI.I.1KS lillOS' STOKE,
PIMA, - - ARIZONA
Choice Liquors and Fine Cigars.
Comfortable Club I'oom Attached.
McGinty & Whitewings, Propr's
m BRh M jDIN
Cor. MAIN and First WEST St.-
Shaving and 1 atcst Styles of hair cuttiiiK neatly
executed Ilazors in flmt ilam runditiou.
T. E. NORTON, Prop.
Watches, Clocks,. Jewelry,
ruAIBFI IKO4ITl. BV
E. C. RABEB,
S. N. BNSTROM
KECT! CONSTANTLY ON HAND
A STOCIC OF
Reliable 'Boots & Shoe
He is also nn'imred to mnlro
Hoot nn J h'if to order . u?JtewTL.
wniioziLi uiiifi tith
A OHMLUU A uinucD
n.v. ... 1. an?,r,af,'OT "in at threshing time. llay And
n.?,nMe Unite with our friends or ncishbors and Secure "
at once. Wo keep Extras for all machines sold hv ns. tnii nn nr irrif n i"
SaiToi'tl, - -
!!-. V riH.mi...u y nyiui
1 .;m v 1 art rm zoa
oil Vn., fi,.: 1,.. T
J"'""" """" y iiupuriy .iiurvcsung 11. xnc way t'V
:: :: :: to do it is to buy an :: :: ::
Osborne : Steel :
Or Ilaurty, X,lp
taiawtrx Osborne Self Rake Rearer.
vJjfi PiJhc a,,I1"le Br.een nstC!(1 of headinc and getUm? so much Rrass and foul weeds in. ,
J,nMi ,l.U ,JZ Jfu cutcarllcr, do all the ork o.melf, pet (jrain ana s
moro o' It. than by heading. Ask any miller if this is uot true. Call on us and buy ona of H
The Favorite Route to all Points
Seo that your tickets read via the Atchison, Topoka and
Santa Pe Railway. For any information fares, connections,
etc, call on or address
GEO. T. NICHOLSON, G. P. & T. A., Topcka
C. U. MOREHOUSE, D. P. & P. A., El Paso, Tex.
B Bi H a
Successor to M.
A Full and Complete Stock of
FREE CORRAL AND WATER FOR TEAMSTERS -
Ft. Thomas, Ban
' 'MP-' j,
Runs Ditily Stages between tho above named places. '"
CARRIES U. S.MAIL. All kinds of Express promptly forwarded.,
Wo aro prepared to carry passengers at all and keep cxtra?'
rigs lor the accommodation ot
Tifft's Qld Stand.
'. 11. 1'onda J.T. J'utton
Saf ord and Glo"bo, Ariz.
The White Sewing Machine Co.
The White is-Kinc The hite is KiiiR
The White isKing
The hite is Kinjr -0)0000- The W hito is KlnR
HighCDtCash I'rlces paid
for Hay, Grain and all
linds of Kanch 1'roducc.
We Make a Specialty of Ranch
At Low Prices.
I Wish to Announce to the
Public that I have Refitted
and overhauled my
And am now prepared to
do Good Work.
YOU CAN GET - -
IN ANY STYLE DESIRED
at my new location on
J D. Eussell.
a. b. Mccarty,
mw - .t '.1 -. 0.',7) I
w?mmmMmml."x. i'sss! n?
xix Tltolr Prioos tire
hi 1 tMum.wtun i -.-.
l TT if m.
Fme - Binder;
- ln TtuiirxliiK
TTT ,T .TV , A IV ' is ';
- ..-. ...;. -,5
EltiLl y H a
Carlos and Glotfel
LINE 4?4i:i f
J. TT. '
drummers and laraiucs.
Hives, Smokers, Sections,
Extractors, Comb Eonndatio'mil
AND ALL KINDS OP.
W ABiARUH Supplies
Manufactured hi the LAIIY MTfi CO.
rite for pstiurates on Jarge quantltlea.
lurxny ivcmokjvo rrpi j w. j;oubc,
. , v-.
lA am:.am. iySL.
U, XLllUiUl '
Dress Goods Silks, SatiSP
and Notitfes, and Vlrty
DresxeJ iiade to Ordtt SatUfacUou GiKwmtt
Mrs. L. M.T&ustavison!
Main street 1 PIMA.y
in all ;inds of
PAPER HANGING A SP1CI AYt