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iseup.p Kvswv thohsday by
i ING CO.,
*^ * ?1.00 s*er Yo?r in Advance.'S^
Jobu J. i'l'sinesR Mgr.
j? ^.i ._rr-:
its c<.rr< s:* ?iidi
re -ping. A great many it?
r? ?npe.blished or be carried over until
ek and be ?talc r ?ad
tbcy do not reach this
? tunries and resolutions of reaped
Inserted as paitl matter for
charge of fi\c cents per line is
?minncntton? advocating candi
.-> for office will l>e charged for at
live rates for advertising.
Reading notices lO cents per line.
Contract rates furnished or? app?
All transient advertisements will be
for at the rate of 50 ct
inch tor the first insertion, 2.^ Cta. pet
ich subsequent insert ioi
: no chance is ssade.
aWtJT Till; MABi
?t is generally admitted by po?
litical economists that the 1^1 r.:t
vst civilizers so far known tc
the world, as applied to rural
""*" communities, are: First a public
school system that puts education
within the reach of all, and sec
i>n<% a public road system that
makes intercommunication both
easy and pleasant.
In regard to the schools T may
have something to say hereafter,
it being mv purpose now to takr
lip and discuss the road situation
in Mathews county.
The present condition of cm
highway* will he generally ad?
mitted to be poor, and as for?
merly, u ider the working O?
forced labor Mathews county was
credited with possessing the bes
roads of any county in the State.
the i/iferenc? is fair that since it?
abolition there has taken place a
gradual detonation. Thic. Iiov
ever, is not entirely due to the
change of system, for if tradition
nrn\ the memory of i\\r oldei
?lents c*n be relied upon, during
the decade just prior to the Civil
War the lands, and in conse?
quence the roads wftre t?ioroughl)
drained by ditches dag with slave
i ab or. Here \- the true canse o?
Dur present condition?as Ion?; as
these ditches kept open and re?
moved the water from the ?mine
diate vicinity of the roadbed, th<
surface took fairly good care nl
!f, and when si. ,
n sy>; t
' labor from even
the taxes no sv ?
mote an 1 more u
price of labor is advancing at a
rate which exceeds the increase
of revenue derived from a prop?
erty valut ion which is lilt! if anj
higher than it was dut past
i'ecade. In a despotic form ol
government such situations are
easily met by an arbitrary in?
crease of taxation, but in this fret
?country we must try and devise a
plan by which the cvii may be
met, fo"??ht and conquered with?
out calling Upotl ourselves to con?
tribute any additional money ovet
and above the pies? nt amount.?
paid into our treasury.
What then is ? Evi?
dently some plan by which the
present fund may a< cornph: ?,
more work, and the following
plan ii suggested.
First. To cali for a report from
the present district overseers as
to the number oi miles of road in
each dsstiict and part thereof.
Second. Request a statement
from the county officials as to ti.r
exact amount of cash contribute
by each district.
Third, Take half this mtKie}
and lay it aside for the mainten?
ance o? the larger bridges and a?
a sinking fund. the future use o?
which will appear iater on.
u:th. Livide the meney
cm hand, or one-half the total
fund available? for road pur
poses, by the number of miles in
each district, thus getting tie
exact amount per mile applicable
ith. Request our Su:>eivis
tr Koad Overseer if you
,? to roa
vou, *ud n that those par
ties who are dissatisfied with
poor road's, or who especiallj
e particular piece of road
im? roved, put their respective
?n nomination as desiring
t< > r.?r Such and
?? > .
the length of their p&rticu nr sec?
tion calls for. The uso of the
vote to be called in only wl
two or more parties apply for the
same section, or cannot agree as
to the division of sections in the
Sixth. Let these mass meetings
and appointments be annual, so
that in tase any party fails to
nake good his piece or section
the evil will be of short duration.
Mow let tis see the whys and
\he eforcs. We may take it for
?ranted that there is everywhere
a disposition among all intelligent
people to desire a good road
across their immediate front, and
so far extended either way as to
?five them passable travel to tlie
Post Office, church, wharf, stole,
and l.st, but most important o!
all, that the children may walk to
school with dry feet and get home
after a heavy rain without becom?
ing wet to the knees a* is often
the case at present.
*i district overseer who 1 i.i -
charge o! thirty or forty miles ol
roal, a great part of which he
seldom has occasion to use, can?
not afford to work so great a mile
age for less than the customary
rate of wages f?>r man or team 01
j>3 per day, nor is it possible foi
him to leave home early enough
to make a full day's work seven
or eight miles from his home; but
suppose >ou say to him here i^
the money to take care of the one
mle of road between your housi
md the public school in order that
U'lir little children or the teachei
.vho is with you may walk U.
school in comfort and with dr\
feet. Whv it would be hard t<
hud a man so unpatriotic that he
would not keep that one mil? in
good order, even though in*
made only half wages, or $1.50
tor man and team. What would
it amount to on one mile of road
:ompared with the credit he
would derive from the community
for success, or the chagrin he
would feel provided cither or both
:ne adjoining sections were weli
Ke^t bv Ins neighbors, Not thai
mid favor arbitrary divisions
of owe mile each. The roads
1 I livided according t<.
1 ,.. ,. .1
oim til?n , and any ordinary piet e
of road a mile long can be sur?
faced in four hours, and the !
er, because hardly any one
bewa county has team, I
and means to properly c*re for
more than tins unless he receives
the full rate of wages for his work.
This then would be my plan foi
the arousing to public spirit upon
the question ot road maintenance.
Now in regard to the other hah of
the tax which has been laid
aside for future use.
This should be used for the pur?
pose of drainage of the laud, as it
is only by drainage >1 toe county
as a whole that the roads can be
drained. There are two ways to
cut ditches?by machinery and by
hand?and I mus! plead guilty to
a preference for hand labor jj itj
can be gotten cheap enough as
more practicable in a county so
tieavii; wooded as Mathews, No
machine ever made will dig up
itumps and cut off tree root* as
?veil as an able-bodied man with
an ax and a grubbing boe. and the
cheap labor is ready at our hands
.d?ng away its times in our jails
ind penal institutions.
According to the last report I
have on the subject and I regret
that 1 have nono for this year,
there wer;; 3 JO,
is in the county j ids and \
centiaries throughout th
and 23 working on the r<
Compare this with Teiine
with 723 convicts annually
ployed m road improvement.
. with 643 con
: 1 .
and see what the value cd the
labor of the convicts no* employ?
ed On the pubhc toads are worth
in the State ot Virginia and we
find $72,380. To go a little far
Cher? the average eost of a con?
vict's labor on the roads of Noith
Carolina lias been 24 cents a day.
Mississippi 25cents, South Care?
ts, Virginia 38 cents
owing to the small
number employed), and these
tiguresinclude food,clothes, cook?
ing, washing, medical attendance
and the pay of the guard. Now
let us see what it would cost
Mathews county to ditch the road:
at these ligures. Ditching is han
work, ami a good man figun
$i.5o a day for about ten hour:
work. Tm's would make 5*; j
of ditch at 3 cents or 30 yards a
5 cent. Suppose we average i
up and call 40yards a day's wot!
and 1760 yards in a mile am
apply the following figures, usin?
25 cents a day for the I f tin
convicts labor? as that see ns t
be the average where large nun]
bcrsare emplovej. 1760 divide
by 40 equals 44 and 44 tines 2
cents amounts to $1 I.
Hete we have $1 I a mile fc
ditchfng one side of the road an
our road tax during the year !Qo?
which is the last one for whi, h
have any report (see circular N<
44 of the office of Public Roads
credited Mathews County wit
IOO miles of pub! I Is and
tota 1 amount of tax of
15.50 per mile at these ligue
W'iih one-half set asi.le for r
pairs, we would ha\ ,25 i"
mile for repairing our larj
bridges and working our convi
gang. 1 have no liahl da
about the bridges, but will s
asid"; $175 1 year for that purpo
I am sure that it will takfe at lea
that. This leaves us $550 p
mile or . r the whole conn
and we apply the followii
divided by 11 equals
miles of road ditched one si
annually, or 25 milt
both sides. Let us for tl
pose <>f argument assume that '
would have to open 1 mileof le
I i tell to the river in order to fi
every four miles of public ro
ditch or 1 mile of lead ditch
every 2 miles of road?it wot
probably average thai and
nave 250 miles of ditching to
before our work would be
pushed. At the rate of 50mile
\ ear this would employ us i
and nesd Jo convicts \
nually for 55 days each ye
Surely the State can spare u
gang of twenty for thai length
?une out cf her \2?, when
. sk for them during
1 : J tily and August. 1
i 'n \\ ork would ditch
from the Glouce.?
Poiut and le
irrade and cr<
square so t
get about comfoits
.1 rainy weatht Th<
.on i bar w ith the woi king of a
- torce may lliii k this
and the ces t o I
guarding. In replj to
desire to Fay ?hat it has not L
fontal so in the adjoining sta
the short term men only are
employed, and after bavin- t
hair cut close to the h< .
are photographed, drei <
peculiar and conspicious garni?
ami promise 1 a commutatioi
sen tense if they prove tr
worthy, -.inA a small cash bo
at the expiration of their tt
for faithful work. Under tl
circumstances, escapes ai
q uite as much so as on the s
farms. Only one guard is req
ed ror a small gang and ont
the convicts cooks for the 1
[Al llight they are housed in a
large wagon which c&u be moved
fi um place to place by four i:
as the work pro. These
wagons are so arranged as to 1><
quite as secure as any jail and re?
quire no guarding at night.
li has been urged by som*? thai
the le of pi isonei 9 so em?
ployed has a degrading effecl
upon the community, and I am
scrry to say that this opinion tindf
its origin in ui\ native State
. ork ). and this may b<
are all low
?reigiici s, and the i ? l;
of lai :? ,!'.;t :. .1 re
port fro I iites where
. i in road
? ?ntrai y. as the
; : , lie puni 1 hi -
i ' . ! I I ? ' . ?
Domtment* att? Graveetonee,
cet Cut prices: placing Bone 0
Cor. 1 tth and YV illiaui
\\\- pay freight and bavera large ntork ^?aelecl
f?eal Estate ape] fps?r?r!cc
MAT! 3, VA.
I ? S I , 11 ; i - -. 1 , \ i ? : 11 I '- I 1 I ? i
VA&i your .
^^fo plavor^Pfl Extracts
Made by the C. F. SAUER CO., Richmond, Va.
SOLI) UNDER PROTECTION OF ALL PI RE FOOD LAWS
OF THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPE.
Eight Gold Medals, First Awards for Purity. Strength and
cellence of Flavor won in National and International Competition.
Owing to Hi lence o\ SAUER'S EXTRACTS none are
sold in less than T NT BOTTLES.
If your Groe r does not keep SAUER'S EXTRACTS writ,
us and we will send you a sample and the names of grocers \\h
Gausr's Pufc "Elxtracte.
Try ?Juaerr** Vapiua cr i?ernor?3 iCc? apd 25c, Gomo-.
has generally 1 een more sure and
where convicts have b
so employed, probably from the
unconscious realization of the
fact that the convicted criminal
becomes a benefil rather than an
expense to the initv he has
?>ht to injure.
Dec. 9. Pekcival IIici
3?D EXAMINA ION SUCCESS?
J.mies Donahue, New Brltlan, C
writes: *'I '? ? r.il kidney rems
. .-Mill v..' ' ; ; t pliy
iiciana ? ' Im?
prove until 1 Cure
A lier the
1 1 cement, and i I me
i y. I have m nee
rliri?! examin?t?? : insurai*
Foley's Kidney Cm ? cures back
in;! .ill : ulder
trouble. Sold by all dru
A DRAMATIC EXTERTA1SM
There will I
tainmen. al Mr. Clem nit's shop
on Thurs lay nighl, i I i, for
the b< e< fit of 11 >lly Gr< ve and.
Ircv chuich< ?. The young
ladies and gentlemen who arc t"
par; ici] ate in the affair have I
?iven their parts and are working
with vim to make the entertain?
ment a success. The play is
t?tied " The Turn of the Tide.'
The place v. here it is to b<
enacted is being fitted up as wel
ts ; ble for ihe productif 1
the piece, ai tl the seating capac
itv ol ' is bei:. ?
after s> > as to make t'ne sven
as ei x able n
posslbl The admission fee i
o!i!\ 25 . After tin
refreshments w iil h
lerate 1 ? ices. Tl ? proc<
N o r t c s t o 0 u R c ur.v ?
We a re 1 nine ? Ilia
Foley's l?oney nncl Tar for
-olds .-uni lu
by tl Pure Rood mi 1
law, ;.h i; contains n<
hai r.fiil drug's, and we 1 ec< mmend i
adult! . Sold \>\ all 1
pi ore ?teajn pack
Baltimore a ji d /^ 1 1
Pdpts r*?rtri, East
/\1 at) arn a, a coj* g i a
?v.. Portsmouth, ? '?..'.> S? . ' i? m
Ev. .. Main St. 6:20 p m
L\. Old Point, Hvgeia Pier, 17:30 p m
Ar. Baltimore, Light at. pier, 7:00 a m
!'. R, W. ]\ .. I .
Ar. . m ?12:35 an
L?v. : -1 i ' ;ir
Atlantic ! ' l
A large and select ass rtmenl
of Chi istma re is no
need ; [ g< >ii ourt 1?
n \ ou ca n e.t t as g(
article and at a much chea| ei
; ight here at home. Step
m -.wii.] i xamine m> new lim
:1k- holiday*.. We
h \ e all kinds t f toys t ?r the
and fine . n
? . there is t(
mud in the ci unity. We !
a large and complete line of < i i \
1 . shoes, &c , a r. :
lially iii ?t to om
re to inspect i hem.
All persons indebted tome foi
?ed at my ! I
? piv\ i*ais t-> S- ptembr i,i'
please pay (?. S. Marchant. 1
close this 1- .it once
.:- 1 will be away.
I. 11 VNT.
1 )i 1\ -( I. ! ? > t : . i ; ('.>;! tl?Tlor
PURE RYE, 1101
1) ?!? ?'.v u i < .(?- r you a s.
Fur: \ . Age and Ex< . a!
j \ < ?u tin- '-pp('i t unit y o?
in?; between 25 and ;<> pci
cent, on same and only ask a
sample order 1 >nsti ale l he
: ' ? ol t i [s ovei
on's Alheinai la < )lub Rye,
8 years 1 Id, four full qiiar!
- 5 ?
1 \ son's i
Corn \\ hiskey, U 1 quai t
Tyson's i ?nntain Api
ir. full quai Is, ex|
ohl, 1 repaii I, f< >ur full
Yoa run n :. dealing w ?th
foi if v\ ha 1 w ? s< nd is not t
satisfactoi'3 '" ev< ! >' w ;l v rel
it to us?t our expense and yourl
y will be 1 ?t ?n ned to .? iu.
Albomarle . I s I ( o. ,
31 33 Brewer st. Noi fclk, \ a.
References Scaboj;?;,! !'. nk.
tv?idlcscx and Mathews Ferry
('ompany for p. een
kett Hill -<\im\ North End.
.(? Crickett Hill. 3:30 P. M.;
and conned with boat ai North
End for Baltimore, or landmgs
on the Kappahannock Ri
Leave North End \i.i Runrk at 8
A. >.!. ; for Cru kell I lili, connect
; 1 oil at East River for :
oik, ( >: : Pi nl and tl
I. L. \ . M.:r.
Riiat k, Va?
???J "Polk Miller's J
S 19cH-.: ??Lextfal"Vu;Siarjia=4Conatry Stow? B
? . ? ?.
^ KOLLJE ?
SE AUS k WILLIAMS;
UNDER THE MANAGEMENT OF
ROBERT I, SEARS,
We arc carrying the larges! and finest line cL
Blai and Comfortables thai have evei been displayed
IT] ? ^ W
Ladies' Is and CI
The) ?re Il n msurp;i ?se< 1 i e
to' Rea i- i ?it;
A full line of Lad
material, lor Fall and Winter \vear
G La O T
A large and select stock of Men's and L>o\s ? I thii
We invite inspection. They are neat patterns, are .nil*
o? good material, and the [?rice
Lades' Dress is.
A most c
n pains to secure a lull
would afford us pleasure to have y u ?
M s, Percales, Gingii ... ^Mings
Gin I > i? 11 !,n
tabl u ? t
\ ? : > o f
Then are the latest designs in Ihe assortm?*??) imI
quality and price wil1 s.iii<l\ the m si
Our Millinery Department will open a bou I Oci t. \\ .?
have secured the services of a refined \cnin? !
has had a large experience in one ol Baltimore'? i i t
Miiliiui . i lishmenls and we w > uld be pleased In
ha\ e yon make her a call.
Shoes ! Shoes !
The largest line of Shoes we have ever carried. To-day
(Wednesday, Sept. .5) we received FORTY'DOZEN
of Men's, L?dier;' and Mi?s< ?' Shoes. Thev are all of the
latest slyles and troin one the Sargest shoe
lacl 1 ?es in New * 01 k State.
We Sell McCill's PaUe.ns '\im] Publications.
Subscription Taken for McCall's Magazine,
Only '.(>c per year postpaid.
We will he glad to have you look overour-s? ck as we believe
we can please'yon in .';n> ' ca? of ?o<
'! . i 1 1 I ( i 1 wih lerem
ROMPT .Vi I
?-T ' i ' m
R. LEE SEAR S MANAGER.