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Proprietor and Publisher!.
t2TJfllc in the JOUUXA.L building,
Elcventh-st., Columbus, Neb.
Terms l'r Tear, 52. Sixjnonths. ?1.
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VOL. IX.--NO. 26.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1878.
WHOLE NO. 442.
ALVix SauXDKRS, U. S. Senator. Omaha.
A. S. Paddock, U. S. Senator, Beatrice.
Frank AVKl.cn, Ueprc.cntntIve,Norrolk.
ils (Uruhr, Uovcrnor. Lincoln.
Bmno Tzchuck, Secretary of State.
J.B. "Vetnn. Auditor, Lincoln.
,1. C. Mcllrlde, Treasurer, Lincoln.
Geo. H. Uobcrts, Attorney-General.
S. K. Thompson. Supt. Public Insrue.
II. C. Dawson, Warden of Penitentiary.
C.'u! oJuJdf I rriSn lncct0"'
Dr. J. G. Davis, Prison Physician.
11. I1. llatbcwuon, Supt. Insane Asylum.
lnlrl (limit. Chief Justice,
ncortc" n.l.ake.l A,fc0Cjau Judge.
"8 Maxwell, J
TOCRTII JTIUCUL DISTRICT.
(1. "ft. Pout, .1 udjre. York.
M. . Hceac, Dintrl.-t Attorney, Wahoo.
E. W. A mold. Hcjrl-tor, Grand Island.
Win. Anyan, UeceUer, Grand lland.
J. O. IHkIii, County .furtee.
.Inlm Stautler. County Clerk.
V. Hummer. Treasurer.
Meni. .SpiekiiAti, Sheriff.
It. I.. Hoss-iter. Surveyor.
I:. II. Ilcnrv. 1
"Win. nioi-doru V
John Walker, )
County Coin timiloner
Dr. A. Heintz. Coroner.
S. L. Birrett. Supt. if Schools.
ItMou Jlillett, S
CimrUi" V.'ako, Constable.
A. Spelcc, Mayor.
John jM'hrain. Clerk.
J..bn J. Rickly, Marshal.
.1. W. Karlv, TnnMirer.
.S. S. McAliMter, Police Judsje.
4. G. Itoutson, Engineer.
Itt II nrtl J. E. North,
2" 'ardE. C. Kavanaujrh.
('. E. Morae.
Sri H arii-K. J. Raker.
E. A. Gerrard.
Columbiix Ioit Office.
(pru on Simflavs trom 11 a.m. to 12 M.
nnd nnm 4:30 to' fi v. M. Itusinc
hur except Sunday 0 a m to t r. si.
t-rn mills close at 11:2) a. M.
WVsteru mails close at J:2i)i.M.
Hail leave J'oluniliu for Madison and
Norfolk, on TueMlaj s. ThiirMbj and
Suturdav-,7 a. M. Arrives Mondays
Wednesdays, and Fridays, 3 v. si.
r' r Monroe Genoa. Wsitcrville and Al
bion, dally c.v;t Sunday G t. M. Ar
rivr, aiue. C r. ;.
For .uninilt. Utysse.s and Crete. Mon
day aru ThursdivK, 7 A. si. Arrive
Widneada-. s, and Saturdays, 7 r. si.
For Moll-vlHe. Osceola and York. Ttie
day, Thurj-Uth and Saturday, Ir.si.
For Wtlf. Farral and Rattle Creek.
Mnndavn and AVi dnesda s,0 A. :. Ar
rive J Tuesdav- and l-ridaj at Br. St.
For Shell Creek, N'ebo, Creston and
Stanton, on Mondays at 7 A. M. Ar
rives TueuUvb C r.M.
Fci D.-uId "itv, Tueday. Thursdivs
and Saturday', 1 v. m Arrhes, at 12
V. I. '"Time Tabic.
Emigrant. No.C, leaves at
rnhciu'r, 4. "
rreisrht, " S.
i reicut, " 10. " "
Freight, h'o. , lcaveh at
I'n-sens'r, " 3, " "
Freight, " 9. ' "
KtHirraut. 7. "
C:25 a. m.
11:00 a. m.
2:1." p. in.
2:00 p. m.
C:W p. m.
l::;o a. in.
Everv dav except 5aturday the three
lincH leailiig to Chicago connect with
U. 1. train at Omaha. On Saturdays
there will be but one train a day, as
fiowD bv the following schedule:
tC.&S.W. 1 7lhand2Sth.
-V., R.A-Q. Mtth
(C, R. I. & l'.l 21t
ir.U.,tQ. ) Mb and 20th.
Jr- If 1 . 1 V 1-iS
Ct.V.W. ) l?th
(C. R. I. .: F.) 2d and 2--Jd.
. JN. W. flth and 3.lh.
C... R. & Q. J Kith
C. Il.&u. 1 iin
. Jc..K. I..t P.lh
C. .-; X. W. J 21st
7th and 2Sth.
I. F. SAMItOUX,
HAVING EMPLOYED Mr. A. A.
J'linB. of 111., a tirst-elas black
smith, is now prepared to do all kind
of waon and blacksmith work. Will
make uew busglec, wagons, etc., or mend
old ones, and' repair nil kinds of ma
ehiuerv. Custom work a upeeialty
Good work, promptly to promise, and
elienl). Call at the muii of the horse
shoe, Olive street, opposite Charles
Morse's stable. 42D-3m
(Formerly I'aciflc llousc.
This popular house has been newly
Refitted and Furnished.
Me'.. 35 cts.
Day Roard per week, . $4.00.
Hoard and Lodin;. 5 and $0.
Good Livery aud Feed Stable in con
nection. SAT1SFA CTIOX GUARANTEED.
Genoa, Pawnee Reservation, Nob.
Term begins September 167?. Three
I. Common School.
2. Normal School,
Thorousb. intruetIon given in all
branches by able snd experienced teach
ers. Opportunities afforded teachers to
acquire experience in the school roim.
Large building and first-class accommo
dation. For prospectus. &c. applv to
C. D. ItAKESTUAW, A. M
4S2.3. Genoa. Nebraska.
$Wfit not easily earned in thee
times, but it can be made
j ( I in three months by any one
of either sex. in any part of
the country who is willing to work
steadilv at the employment that c
furnish". ?WJ per week in your own
tow a. You need not be away from
home over night. You can give your
whole time to" the work, or only your
spare moments. We have agents who
are making over $20 per day. All who
engace at once can make money last. At
the present time money cannot be made
so easily and rapidly at an vother busi
ness. It costs nuthing to trr,tbe busi
ness. Terms and$5 Outfit free. Address
at once. n. IUiatt & Co., Portland,
Or. .F. S. .llcAM.ISTEK,
SURGEON AND MEDICINAL DEN
tlst. OHicc on 12th St., three doors
east of Sehilz'e bort and shoe store,
Columbus Neb. Photograph Rooms in
eonHcction with Dental Ofliee. 215.V
HUG EI UUGH'EM,
1ARPENTER. JOINER AND CON
TRACTOR. All work promptly
attended to and satisfaction :ru r;inteed.
Refers to the many for whom he has
done work, as to prices and quality.
-w. .a. clajeik:,
ffl-Wrlt ill Eiiut,
COLUMBUS, NEB. 402-12
PHYSICIAN AXI) SURGEON,
T5TFor one vear a RESIDENT PHY
SICIAN to the NEW YORIC CITY
HOSPITALS, lllackwell's Iland. N.Y.
Ome on 11th St., next to the JoUltXAL.
3Iileage 53 cts. Mtdii-ines furnished.
WILL repair watches and clocks in
the bet maimer, and cheaper than
it can be done in any oth rtown. Work
left with Saml. (?. Columbu-, on 11th
street, one d or ea-t of I. Gluck" store,
or with Mr. WeNeiilluh at Jackion. w ill
be promptly attended to. 413.
SHIMON SIII.I.KTT. DYUOX SIILLIHT,
Justice of I lie Pence and
.". MSI.I.K'IT A: SK',
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Columbus,
Nebrawka. N. R . They ill give
eloe attention to all business entrusted
to them. 213.
RYAN & DEGAN,
fyWO door ca.t .r D. Ryan's Hotel
X on 11th street, keep a large stock ot
Wines, Liquors, Cigars,
And everything usually kept at a flrst
cla bar. 411 x
FOR SALE OR TRADE !
I-Iorses or Oxen,
SASKE.:? PONEKS, wild or broke,
at the Corral oT
42;) GER'IARD & ZEIGLER.
Wholcsalo nad IloUil,
VJEIIRASKA AVE.. opsile City
li Hall. Columbu. Nebr. iTTLovv
prices and fine goods. Prescript i' lis
and luinily recjpe a specialty. 417
JOHN IIFISER, the mail-carrier be
tween Columbus and Albion, will
leave Columbus everyday except Sun
day at 0 .t'clock, sharp, p.issing through
Monroe, Genoa, Wat.'rille. and to Al
' inn 'I he hack will eall at eithci of
the Hotels lor passengers if orders are
lell at the post-onicc. Hates reason
able, $2 to Albion. 'iirl.ly
Columbus Meat Market!
WEBER & KNOBEL, Prop's.
KEEP ON HAND all kind. of freh
meats, and smoked pork and beef;
al-o freh lish. Make stusaire a spec
ially. ITR'inember th pliee. Elev
enth St one door west of I). Ryan's
OietrlcUs." JI"it .T2nrkt.
U'axaincton Air-, noariy ofjiosltr Court lloatr.
OWING TO THE CLOSE TIMES,
meat w ill be sold at this market
low. low down for cash.
He-t steak, per lb., 10c.
Rib roat, " le.
Roil, " ... . Gc.
Two cents a pound more than the above
prices will be elnrged on time, and that
to gond -csponsible parties only. 2(1".
J. .A. BAKER,
Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
Nebraska Ave., opp. Clothcr House.
1ST Cash Paid for Furs. 58
U. S. KXA.lISr-iirVG SSJKGr.fKV,
coLUSincs, : nebkaska.
OFFICE HOL'RS. 10 to 12 a. in., 2 to
4 ii. m and 7 to 0 p. in. Olliee on
Nebraska Avenu-. three doors nnrih of
E. J. Raker's grain olBee. Residence,
corner Wyoinin and Walnut streets,
north Columbus, Nebr. iXl-if
UNDERTAKER, KEEPS ON HAND
ready-made and Metallic Collins,
Walnut Picture Frames. Mends Cane
Scat Chairs. Keeps on hand Black Wal
Vuihjtss Art. :;p:titt ZesA Sie, Ccltsia, Kib
F. -V. OTT,
All kinds cf
BooVs, Statlonrry, Candy and Ogarv
ONE DOOU XOHTH OF POST-OFFICE.
mw m SADDLES !
J. C. PARKER. Proprietor.
FIRST door north of Hammond House
and feed stable, opposite the old
post-office. Good work and the best
material at low prices, is the motto.
Sntisfaction Tivcn or no sale. Repairing
done promptly. 3JFine harness and
carriage trimming, a specialty. Call
and examine for yourselves. " 40$
T . - c-fJ-tJ--A- ??rr7
Ir. K. I,. SII.J,
Physician and Surgeon.
at all hours.
iont yu n'i,"
For if you do you will lose money by
purchasing an expensive Wind Mil,
when vou'ean buy one of .1. O. Shannon
for about one-haif the money that any
I other cost-. Call J. O. Sh union, on
11th street, opposite Mnhlrn Clother's
store. Columbu. Neo. on-u
TT ESatY CJ. CAIU'W,
Attorney and (-ounselor at Law,
Formerly a member of the English
bnr; will give prompt attention to all
business entrusted to him in this and
adjoinini: counties. Collections made.
Olliee one door east of Sehilz' shoe store,
corner of olive and 12th Streets. Spricht
Dut"h. Patle Francais. 41S-tf
COLUMBUS Bffl YAED
(One mile west of Columbus.)
THOMAS FLYNN & SON, Propr's.
GOOD, HARD-BURNT BRICK
j.l-vcay on ITancl In.
QUANTITIES to suit PURCHASERS
Is prepared to do all kinds of blaek-
smithiug in a workminlike manner. and
will guarantee to give satisfaction. He
HORSE -SHOEING A SPECIALTY,
and in this branch of the trade will ac
knowledge no peers. Persons havliu;
lame horses from bad shoeing will do
well to bring them to him. He only asks
fur a trial. All kinds of repairing done
to older. 44i-.m
I' A K .11 i: EC . !
IDE. OF GOOD CHEER. Let not the
i 'low priees of your products dis
eourajre you but rather limit your ex
penses to your resources. You can do
so by stopping at the new home of your
fellow tanner, where you can find good
accommodations cheap. For hay for
team for one ninli' and day, i'i cts. A
room furnished with a cook stoe and
bunks, in connection with the stable
free. Those wishing can be accommo
dated :tt th- house of the undersigned
at the following rate: Meals i.'i cents;
beds H cents. .1. . SENECAL,
M mile east of Gerrard's orral.
2;i i TTiite,
Farm for Sale.
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY
acres f excellent faun land in Itut
Icr County, near Patron P. O., about
cqui-distaiit from three County Seats
David City, Columbus and Schuyler;
00 acres under cultivation; Ji acres of
tries, maple, eottonwood, Ac: good
frame house, granary, stable, sheds, Ac.
Good tock range, convenient to water.
The place is for sale or exchange for
property (house and a few acres) near
( tilumbiis. Inquire at the .tOL'KNAL
olliee, or address the undersigned at
Patron P.O. 400
LUERS & SCH11EIBER
Elactimith and Wagon Ms,
' All kind of repairing done at short
notice. Wagons. Ituggies. Ac, ifcc,
made to order. All work warranted
Shop on Olive Street, opposite Tatter
sal, Columbus. Nebraska. .3J
coTTu M B u
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SIIEEHAN, Proprietor.
Wholesald and Retail Dealer in
Foreign Wines, Liquors
AND CIG RS,
SCOTCH AND ENGLISH ALES.
"3" Kentucky Whiskies a Specialty.
In their season,
iT THE CASE. CAN OB DISH,
11th Street, South of Depot,
) DEALER IS(
Grain, Produce, Etc.
NEW STORE, NEW GOODS.
Goods delivered Free of Charge,
anywhere in the city.
Corner of 13th and Madison Sts.
North of Foundry. 3VT
SIMM HITS DONE.
Alons the wayside and up the hills
The golden-rod flames in the sun: .
The blue-eyed gentian nods good-by
To the sad little brooks that run;
And so Summer's done said I,
Summer's done I
In yellowing woods the ehesnut drops;
The s(nirrel gets iralore,
Though bright-eyed lads Htid little maids
Ilob him of half his ftore;
And so Summer's o'er, said I,
The maple in the swamp begins
To tlaimt in gold and red.
And in the elm the fire bird's nest
Swings empty overhead;
And .so hminer's dead said I,
The barberry hangs her jewels out,
Aud guai ds them with a thorn;
The merry farmer boys cut down
The poor old dricd-up coin;
And so Summer's gone, said I,
The swallows and the bobolinks
Are gone this many a day.
Hut in the morning still you hear
The scolding, swaggering jay I
And so Summer's away, said I,
A wonderful glory fills the air,
And big and bright is the stir;
A loviii!.' and for the wh'.le brown earth
A garment ofbejty has spun
But for all that. Summer's done, said I,
GHOST STORIES UNVEILED.
In former time?, jjhosl stories con
stituted nitieh of the fireside t.ilk;
the ueiid talc was lold of hiuv
a spooler clulhed in appropriate
white was seen to appear, and in
due course to vanish ; and the hear
ers, duly impressed with the appar
ent truth of a tale, tor which no
natural reason was vouclisuled, be
came themselves in a measure forced
to believe. Science and common
sense are, however, now robbing
these ahsui'd stories of much of
their 'l;iniour, by explaining in a
simple strairht forward way what
by many has- hitherto been held to
he supernatural and therefore unac
countable. With these remarks we
proceed o ofli-r a lew instances of
explained ;'hnst stories kindly
supplied to us by a contiibutor.
lii' says :
What I am iroitiL' to do is simply
to ive some instances in which
what miirht have made a capital
"host tory proved to he nothing of
the kind, and lo diaw from thence
the inference that all such stories
could, if only we were acquainted
with all tacts, he accounted for by
nt:! mill c:tu-e.s.
I hav.' myself been sorely p'uzIed
lo account lor what I have seen.
On one oceisiou I was passing- by a
cemetery on my way lo a distant
part of my parish. The night wa
dark and lojriry ; and as I walked
aioiiiT the road close to the iron
fence, I perceived within the inclos
tire, apparently but a lew yards olT,
a body of a dim light t'lat seemed to
come up from the ground. Now my
impressions were all in favor of
jhots, and if my judgment also had
been equally in favor I .should have
had a ghost-story to tell about that
place, lint I was determined to
seek an explanation oi the pheno
menon; o I went up lo the railings
aud looked hard at the light, but
could make nothing of it. At the
same lime I became conscious of a
du'l sound proceeding Irom the
ground where it stood. I could not
understand it; and there I stood
peering in until my cars suddenlv
gave tne a clue to the mjstery, for I
ancied I detected the thud ol a
mattock. And such it was. The
sexton was working against itne to
dig for a large vault, and the myste
rious light was nothing more not
less than that of his lantern, some
feet below the surface, which threw
up into iho foggv air a volume of
strange miMy brightness. IJut real
ly it made a very creditable ghost.
Another adventure I had was
more Ir.ughahle. hut not less per
plexing at the time. The night was
very dark, indeed ; and. a- I took a
sudden turn in the road, I saw a
feebly-illumina'ed figure moving
slowly porno distance in advance and
in the same direeiion with myself.
Mv first impression was that some
one was going lo try lo frighten
mc; so I grasped my stick, i tend
ing, as the boys say. to ".whack in"
to the culprit. IJut, as I drew near
er, the figure stopped, and in a mo
ment or two the illumination became
somi'what brighter. I got close, up
to it. prepared to strike, but for the
life of me could not tell what it
wn. I pased it close and looked
around into it, aud found it was an
old woman going home from a day's
washing. She had on, poor soul, a
very attenuated" cloak, through
which the light of the lantern she
was carrying feebly penetrated, and,
when she had stopped to snufl' the
candle with her fingers, the light, of
course, burned brighter. She was
very deaf, and had not heard my
footsteps; so that when I spoke I
Heightened her, I fear, more than she
had frightened inc.
Talking of not hearing footsteps
In the dark, I remember once alarm
ing a neighbor most nninlen l ionally ;
and, had he hot discovered he true
cause, he might to Ibis day have had
a tale of mystery to unfold upon the
subject. I was walking briskly
home one night with a map mount
ed with tings for hanging it lo a
wall under my nrm and goloshes
on my feet. The rings kept up a
sort of clicking noise a I went,
while the goloshes caused ,ie to
glide along the damp lane with the
noiseli'ssuess of a cat. IJut I never
thought of either circumstance till
aiterward. Hearing footsteps in
troitf, I fancied it might be my
neighbor, if being about his time for
coming home, so I pushed on. Bui
the quicker I went the farther off
he spemed. I went faster still, but
still I came not up with him, until,
determined to overtake him. I set
off running at a brisk pace, and only
reached him as he was passing into
bis gale, having, beyond the possi
bility of doubt, made a run for it
himself. Whether he took the click
ing of the rings unaccompanied by
the sound of footsteps for the click
ing of a pistol or the mysterious
rattle of a fancied ghost, I cannot
say; hut this is certain, that if ho
had only stopped or even not run
away, he would have found out the
cause of what was undoubtedly a
curious accompaniment on a dark
A gentleman living in a country
house which I had once inhabited,
wrote to ask me whether during my
res'denec ihere I had ever heard any
reports of its being "haunted." He
did not believe in such things him
self, he said, but he always liked
when he heard of anything of the
Kind, to investigate tne mailer as
far as possible. It was a very sen
sible thing to do; and I was able to
give him a satisfactory explanation.
It was news to tne that the house
had the evil reputation ; but when I
heard of it, it immediately occurred
to my mind how it was lo be ac
counted for. It so happened that a
certain mischievous Ictuale member
of my family had, toward the latter
part of in v stay in that house, been
guilly of the cruelty of terrifying
the servants almost cut of their wits.
She appeared one night in their
room covered over with a sheet,
which sheet was raised high over
head by means of a stick, to the end
of which was fastened a bull's-eye
lantern a ghost of commanding
statute and terrific gaze. It is very
wrong to play such tricks, as the
consequences might be serious to
some weak miiids. In Ibis case,
however, no harm was done, except
that the servants were unalterably
settled in the persuasion that they
had seen a ghost, and that they had.
as a matter of course, had inoculated
the village with their own firm be
lief that the house was haunted.
Little things are it pi to be magni
fied, and the simplest things fre
quently become mysterious", in the
stillness mid dirkucss of the night.
When living in London. I was one
night aroused by my sister coming
into in y room lo tell me that some
one was iiing in break into the
hou-c by the. front door. I looked
out of the window, hut could see no
one, though a low, jarri g uoi.se
could he heard. The statutory pro-ces-ion
was formed. Firt came I.
holding a poker warily, and looking
anxiously for a human head; then
came a servant, who had first given
the alarm, lining aloft a caudle to
aid me in the search; and last of all
came my sister, hold as a lion,
though pale as death. A we slow
Iv descended thus in bailie array, I
could distinctly hear the lit till, jar
ring sound tiom the region of the
street door; but I declare I could
not in the least make out the cause
of it until I had got quite up to the
door, and then the tnxstery was
solved. One of the lamily had come
home late, fastci.ed the door as he
thought, put ui the chain, and gone
to bed. IJut the door had not been
fastened; the bolts, though shot,
had not been scut home, aud so the
door kept swinging backward and
forward in the gentle nighl-breeze
as far as the chain would let it. Had
the house been reputed ''haunted,"
it would have suggested a ghost,
just as anj thing strange will sug
gest one where the mind is suitably
impressed with the idea of the thing.
Thus a rein live of mine used to re
late how frightened he had been
when a boy in coming down the
stairs of an old tower of ghostly
fame, at the lop of which he and
other boys had been amusing them
selves until the shades of evening
surprised them. It was his fale to
bring up the rear, and he no doubt
tell in consequence his exposure to
the enemy in black and sure enough
he heard a hollow step behind him
keeping step exactly alter him;
when he hurried, that hurried ;
when he paused at somedifilcultv in
the descent, that paused also; but
when at length he emerged from the
darkness with a final ruh, no ghost
came out after him. IJut he recol
lected that he had got a bag of gin
gerbread nuts in the hinder pocket
of hi.s long great coat ; and the flap
ping of that in the stairs was the
mvstcrious sound that had so alarm
I remember a fiiend tell'ng me,
with the most evident sincerity, that
he (ell sure he should succeed in
some enterprise he had begun, be
cause he had just seen seven ducks
waddling one after the other. He
was. an excitable man, just then in
highly nervous condition ; and if he
had said he had seen seven ghost,
instead of seven ducks, I should
have believed him, but set the
ghosts down to mental aberration.
What condition the witnesses
were in who saw the following
'well-accredited''' leaf of a ghost I
will not venture to determine. The
story is related by an enthusiastic
believer in, and even admirer oi,
ghosts in every sort and kind, and
the ghost and witnesses are all
phlegmatic Germans: "One night
asKezer lay in his bed. and the ser
vant was standing near the glas.--door,
in conversation with him, to
his utter amazement he saw a jug of
beer, which stood on a table in a
room at some distance from him,
slowly lifted to a height of about
three feet, and the contents poured
into a glass that was standing there
also, until the latter was half lull.
The jug was then gently replaced,
aud the glass lilted and emptied, as
by some one drinking, while the
servant exclaimed, in terrified sur
prise: 'Look, it swallows!' The
glass was quietly replaced, and not
a drop of beer was to be found on
No doubt there was not; and let
us hope the ghost was all the better
lor having taken only the half-glass.
But what scrutinizing of the wit
nesses we should require before be
lieving such nonsense a this! What,
we repeat, must have been their
I have a friend who cannot sleep
unless his head is turned toward the
north. The first time he slept in my
house his bed was against a south
wall, but he was not aware of it. In
the morning he told me he could
not sleep until he had placed the
bolster and pillow where his feet
hud been; and so the clothes were
found arranged, lo the great amuse
ment of the household.
The inference I draw then is, that
the true explanation of all ghost
stories, however marvelous, is to be
found in natural causes, in a knowl
edge of all the facts and circum
stances of each particular case.
These explanations will sometimes,
as in the instances I havo given, lie
on the surface; sometimes they will
lie more deeply within the mysteries
of our complex nature and the sur
roundings, aud have to lie studied
aud searched out ; aud sometimes
they may be so deep down as to be
quite beyond the reach of either our
powers or opportunities of investi
gation, though doubtless still per
fectly nitural. But when we con
sider how credulous human nature
is in regard lo mysteries that have
no higher authority than that of
men, and that are only morbid and
unwholesome in their tendencies;
and when, moreover, we take into
account how almost unlimited are
the resources in nature for the ex
planation of what at first seemed
super-natural, it appears to me to he
decidedly better, safer, manlier,
more rational, and at the same lime
more tc-peetful toward what is truly
super-natural, to relegate all ghos't
stories without exception and with
out hesitation to the domain of won
ders that have a purely earthly
origin. Chambers1 Journal.
Courage in Erery'Day Kife.
Have the courage to discharge a
debt while you have the moiioy in
Have the courage to do without
that you do not need, however
much your eyes may covet it.
Hove the courage to speak your
mind when it is necessary you
should do so, and hold your tongue
when it is prudent you should do
Have the courage to speak to a
Iriend in a ,,seedy'coat, even though
you are in company with a rich one,
and richly attired.
Have the courage lo make a will,
aud a just one.
Have the courage to tell a man
why j on will not lend hint jour
Have the courage to cut the most
agreeable acquaintance vou have,
when j ou are convinced thit he
lacks principle. "A friend should
bear with a friend's infirmities," but
nut with his vices.
Have courage to show that you
respect hoiicty, in whatever guise
it appears; and your contempt for
dishonest duplicity, by whomsoever
Have the courage to wear your
old clothes until you pay for your
Have the courge to provide intcr
tainment lor your friends within
your means not beyond.
Exercise for the body, occupation
for the mind these are the grand
constituents of health aud happiue.-s,
the cardinal points upon which
everything turns. Motion seems to
be l he great preserving principle' of
iiUilu?, to which even inanimate
things are subject; for the winds,
the waves, the earth ilsell, are rest
less, aud the waving of trees, shurbs
and flowers is known to be an es
sential part of the economy. A fi':
ed rule of taking secral hours of
exercise every day, if possible, in
the open air, if not, under cover,
will be almost certain to secure one
exemption from disease, as well as
from the attacks of low spirits, or
ennui, that monster who is ever
waylaying the rich aud indolent.
'Throw but a stone aud the giant
tlies." Low spirits can't exist in
the atmosphere of bodily aud men
A I.c-m-soii to I-'sitliera.
The great secret of success in
bringing up children is to establish
and preserve perlect confidence be
tween parents aud children. If the
father is the boy's best Iriend, as all
wise mothers are the girls', there is
no trouble about keeping them from
bad associates, whose vicious ex
ample and .sillv bravado have a last
ing effect upon their characters.
Fathers, in your efforts to secure
fortunes for your families, remem
ber that money will not save you
Irom the heart ache if vour bovs go
wrong, and that their only safety is
in being kept close to your side,
helping you in your business, aud
you in turn sharing their fun and
play. Nothing is so flittering to
boys as the society of their fathers,
and nothing makes a man so popu
lar with them a3 joining in their
amusements. Try to do this, and
your sons will try in turn to under
stand your cares and troubles.
Take as much pains to preserve
them from contamination in the
way of immoral companionship as
mothers do their girls, and you will
find them growing up to modest
aud virtuous young men, fit com
panions and hush mils for girls who
have been carelully guarded Irom
the knowledge of evil. Devote your
evenings to family amusements and
pleasures. Invite young people to
your house and pay them attention,
instead of going off to bed or shut
ting yourseli in another room the
moment they make their appear
ance, as ii there was, and could be,
nothing between your manhood and
their youth. So "shall you be kept
young in .heart, and the inexperi
ence of your sons will be tempered
with something of the sobriety of
A western lawyer included in his
bill against his client : "To waking
up in the night and thinking about
your case, 1-5."
FAMINE SCENES IN CHINA.
Hashamli Katinx Thrir Wltrs ami Father
llatchtrln-t Their Ctill-trrn far food-
A Uloomj Proprt.
ShanghnI Correspondence of the New
Again Shantung is heard from,
and if the province ever needed
help it would seem to ho now. On
April 4 we read "that famine in
creased daily ; no rain hits fallen
ntwl IliA ma.tifitil 12 nc rtt'i- nc n linttn
, The distracted mothers, tillable to
still the hopeless, unanswered cries
of their children, expend their last
efforts in burying them alive to stop
their moaning and end their miser
ies." Many villages present the
same appearance as if rebel hordes
had devastated them. As a China
man remarked, ' Where only a short
time ago one heard in passing along,
the barking of dogs aud the singing
of children at play, now all is hush
ed mid still" tne dogs eaten and
the people too weak to laugh aud
sing, or to do aught but pray for
food or speedy death. Here is what
one of the distributors writes of the
condition: "Up to the present time
the people contented themselves
with eating those who had died, but
now they kill the living in order to
have them for food. Husbands eat
their wives, parents eat their sons,
aud daughters aud children eat their
parents." Women and girls are
sold at less than $2 a-piecc, and hu
man flesh is o lie red for sate in the
markets. Writes another: "A moth
er, after having with iier husband
eaten their little boy. 0 years oid,
whom they had themselves killed,
prepared also to cut the throat of
their little daughter, 8 years old.
The little girl beg-in to w'cop at the
sight of the fatal knife, and the
neighbors who heard arrived just in
time lo save her." (Note by Pere
Aymerl " Sometimes parents, so
they may not be themselves horri
ble executioners of their children,
agree with other parents I will kill
his child for him and he shall kill
mine.") Ii is the same story of all
the provinces, and bodies of men
combine lo attack the smaller ham
lets, not to rob them of treasure or
seek revenge for wrongs inflicted.
Literal! v and truly thev go about
as wolves "seeking whom they may
devour." It would bepossible.werc
it requisite, to continue the chapter
of horrors exi.ting in these live
provinces almost indefinitely for
only a half is told, aud that half is
weak and tame as compared to the
actual facts, but the particulars of
the latest reports are so revolting
uiai n is inexpedient id iiiriuer ineir
publicity. The wildest imagination
never pictured atrocities or suffer
ing equal to the scenes so common
now throughout the famine region,
aud what the future has in store for
them, who can say? These are not
reminiscences of the past, but faith
t ii 1 statements of what i- and what
must be the condition of China for
mouths lo come, for a brighter itn
medate future is not to he looked
for. A full year must elapse before
the natural fruits of the earth or
government and private supplies
with the best of management will
be able to cope with the require
ments, and in the interval China
will be decimated. To expect the
foreign community to continue to
any great extent their liberal con
tributions of the past i, in the face
of the universal stagnation of trade,
unreasonable, and lor the
future it must devolve ou the be
nevolently disposed ot all nations
to alleviate, so far as may he, the
sorrows and sufleriug of Cathay.
To leave the victims to the mercy
or enterprise of their rulers is to
leave them to perish, for the central
government is too utterly cllclcand
bankrupt aud its subordinate ofli
cials too given lo peculation and
.self-aggiatidizemeut logive us hope
that necessity may stimulate them
to efficient action. So far the aid
from this source ha been shame
fully inadequate and intermittent,
consisting very largely in the re-
they would have found it impossi- j
uie io coiicci. r.vcn sucu material
aid as was extended was unavaila
ble through lack of. mean; to trans
port it, and I know ot no sadder
satire on the exclusive policy of
China than her government stores
of mouldering grain, starving mill
ions scarce 'wo hundred miles away,
and the rusting rails and moss
grown road-bed of the Woosung
railroad as a monument against her.
In clo-inir I in.iv stale ili.-it the tot:il
foreign aid so far amounts to 130.-!
lfi'J 70 lae's, of which America has !
contributed a paltry 200 laels. I
have done, aud if my story diverts
a single dollar from the thousand
channels of sporadic charity; if I
can convince people that just now a
pound of rice is worth a Ion of
tracts, or that the prayer of gratis
tude from a poor wretch saved from
death is sweeter than fulsome eulo
gies from wealthy coiporations, then
shall I be what now I am not,
Wnnictl Jo Have the Country.
A man whose every look betray
ed anxious thought knocked softly
at Bijah's door.
lly UU air
One would know be was a
"Mr. Jov, this country is in an
awful way," he began as he took a
'Is that so?"
"Yes. I can.t 6leep nights for
thinking of it. We must save her.
We must effect a enmpromi-e be
tween capital and labor, creditor
and debtor, officeholder and elector,
and thus save this glorious old na
tion from destruction. Tell me
what to do, feir?"
JJijih looked him over from head
to foot, made a mental guess at his
age and weight and finally replied :
"Mister man, may advice to you is
to begin to lay in turnips, 'tatcrs,
and beans for winter use, and to let
this country etrictly alone. It's
none o' your business to save hcrv
sir, none o' your business what be
comes of her I"
"But won't you advise mc sir?"
"Yes, you bet I will I Go home, or
romewhere and get a clean shirt I
Go and get your hair cut and your
face washed I Go and fill up vour
Iaukucs9 with a frco lunch, and you
might hire a bov to hoc the mud off
them boots I Save thi country J
Why, sir, you couldn't save the
northeast quarter ot thw southwest
quarter ot sectiou ono of a niud
"Mr. Joy, do I deserve this?"
"Yes, and more tool There aro tt
dozen more just like you around
town. They are ulways talking
about this poor country, and want
ing some day to save her, whilo
their wives and children go hungry
for bread and shiver all winter lor
the want of clothes. Git right out
of here, sir. Go and wash up and
then go to work! When this dear,
suffering country wants your ser
vices, I'll drop you a postal card."
"Mr. Joy, ffoVt you let me save
"Can't I be a patriot?"
"Can't I ?"
The man paused for awhile, and
then in a sad voice he asked
"Mr. Joy, I believe you would
lend me a quarter if you tried awful
The old man grew black and blue
in the face but suppressing his emo
tion, after a moment ho forced a
smile and replied :
'Please come out into the back
yard. I keep my silver burled out
there for fear of thieves."
lie started out, a diabolical grin
on his month, but the man who
wanted to save the country inado a
sudden bicak for the street and got
Prchlrtotit JIcUoiiN Vla;-Vtf oH
"The progress of an expansion, or
rather a depreciation, of the curren
cy by excessive bank issues is al
ways attended by a loss to th
laboring classes. This portion of
the community have neither time
nor oppoituuity to watch the ebbs
and flowd of the money maikct.
Engaged from day to day in their
usual toils, they do not perceive
that, although their wages arc the
same or even somewhat higher, tiny
ate greatly reduced, in fact, by the
rapid increase of a spurious curren
cy, which, as it appears to make
money abound, they are first inclin
ed to consider a blessing. It is not
so wiih the speculator, by whom
this operation is better understood
aud made to contribute to his ad
vantage. It i not until the prices
of the necessaries of life become so
dear that the laboring classes can
not supply their wants out of their
wages that the wage? rise and grad
ually reach a justly proportioned
rate to that of the products of their
labor. When thus, by the deprecia
tion in consequence of the quantity
of paper in circulation, wage?, as
well as prices, become exorbitant,
it is soon found that the whole
effect of expansion U a tariff ou our
home industries for the benefit of
the countries where gold aud pilvcr
circulate and maintain uniformity
and moderation in prices. It U lhu.s
perceived that the enhancement of
the price of land aud labor produces
a coi responding increase in the
price of products, until these prod
ucts do not sustain a competition
with similar ones in other countries,
and thus both manufactured and
agricultural productions cease to
bear exportation from the country
of the spurious currency, because
they can not be sold for cost. This
is the process by which specie jh
banished by the paper of the banks.
Their vaulis are soon exhausted to
pay tor foreign commodities; the
next step is a stoppage of specie
pawucuto a total degradation of
paper as a currency unusual de
pression of prices, the ruin of debt
ors, aud the accumulation of prop
erty in the hands of creditors and
A 31 ad rie Vine.
A reputable citizen of this town
informs us of a remarkable case of
hydrophobia having been conveyed
to a grape vine by a spitz dog. The
facts relnted to us seem too incredi
ble fur belief, and would be regarded
as the result of a lively imagination,
but that our informant moat posi
tively avers his statement can be
substantiated by scores of witnesses
who know whereof he affirms. Tho
statement to us is substantially as
follows: About three year3 ago
Charles II. Reeves, of Port Jervis,
had a spitz dug chained in his yard
close by a grape vine. The dog had
all the symptoms of hydrophobia,
and during his paroxysms gnawed
the grape vine so hard as to lacerate
the bark and causing the frothy sa
liva of hi3 mouth to mix with the
sap of the vine. And now comes
the unaccountable part of the story.
Up to the time of the occurrence, au
abundant yield of excellent grapes
had been regular on the vine each
year; but ever afterwards the fruit
would look well until the time for
ripening, when a most marvelous
change takes place the clusters of
grapes turning to bunches ofa frothy
substance, unmistakably intimating
that the vine had been intioculatcd
by the virus of tho rabid spitz dog.
Here is a subject for scientists to
puzzle their brains over. Jfonli
ceilo (iV. Y.) liepublican.
Any country that bus farms with
groves ol forest trecs.with orchards,
with vegetable and flower gardens,
is beautiful and valuable. Without
these, no country, however rich in
soil and location, is attractive. Ev
ery dollar spent in treea and flowers
will add ?I0 to the value of the