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ESTOffice In the JOURNAL building,
Eleventli-ft Columbus, Xcu. ' ,
Tkcms Per year, $2. Slx'montbsl.
Three month?, W)c. nglc copies, 5c.
VOL. IX.-3STO. 27.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1878.
WHOLE NO. 443.
ALVIX Sacnders. U. S. Senator. Omaha.
A. S. Paddock, U. S. Senator, Beatrice.
Fkank WklcH, Reprc6cntative,Norfolk.
Silas GAitnmt, Governor, Lincoln.
Rruno Tzchuck, Sccrcury of State.
J. 11. "Veton. Auditor, Lincoln.
J. C. IcRrid. Treasurer, Lincoln.
Geo. II. Robert, Attorney-General.
S. R. Thompson. Supt. Public Instxuc.
II. C. Dawoon, Warden of Penitentiary.
Z'Z GouW' on Inspectors.
Dr. J. . Davis, Prison Physician.
H. P. Matbe W6on, Supt. I u sane Asylum.
Daniel Gantt. Chief Justice,
UoorRe B. Laks,l AHBOcJato Judges.
1'UtIRTII JUDICIAL HISTKICT.
O. "VV. Pofct,.IudRi, YorH.
2d. It. Reese, District Attorney, AVahoo.
E. AY. Arnold. Reenter, Grand Inland.
Win. Anyan, Receiver, Grand Inland.
J. O. lli!jins County Judc.
John StaunVr. Count Clerk.
V. Kumnier, Treasurer.
ltnj. Splelman, Sheriff.,.
It. L. Roilter, Surveyor.
It. II. Henrv, j
"Win. Blnedorn CountvCommhtloncrs.
John Walker, J
Dr. A. Hcintz, Coroner.
S. L. Barrett, Supt. of Schools.
S. S. McARMer,) TPtjCP0r thePcaee.
Bvron Millett, f "'""'C0801 l,,el cacp
Charles Wake, Constable.
A. Spnice, 31ayor.
John Srhram, Clerk.
John J. Kickly, Marshal.
J. W. Early, TreiHurer.
S. S. McAliintcr, Police Judc.
J. G. Routnou, Engineer.
1st Hard-,T. E. North,
2d irorJ-E. C. Kav.innugh.
C. E. Morwe.
8rf 11'ard-E. J. Baker.
E. A. Gcrrard.
Columbus Ioxt Ofllce.
Opon on Sundays tr.m 11 a.m. to 12 m.
and from J:S0 to C p. v. Business
hours t-xcept Sunday C a. M. to 3 p. si.
astern mails close at 11:20 a. M.
Western mails cIobc at 4:20 P.M.
ilail leaves Columbus for Mndisou and
Norfo.lk, on Tuesdays, Thurdays and
Haturdavn, 7 a. si. Arrives Mondays,
Wednesdays, and Fridays, .1 P. St.
For Monroe," Genoa. Waterville aud Al
bion, dally except Sundaj C a. Si. Ar
rive, tame, 0 P.M.
For Summit, Ulysso and Crete. Mon
days and Thursdays, 7 A. si. Arrives
Wednesdays, and Saturdays, 7 p. Si.
For Bclluvillu. Osceola and York, Tiics
dars, Thursdays Hud Saturdays, 1p.m.
Arrives t 12 si.
For Wtir, Farral and Battle Creek,
Mondavs and Wednesdays, t a. SI. Ar
rives Tuesdays and Fridays at U P. Si.
For Shell Creek, Nebo, Crcston and
Stuulou, on Mondays at 7 A.M. Ar-j-ies
Tuesdavs C r. M.
For Duid Citv, Tuesday. Thursdnvs
and Saturday's, 1 P. M Arrives, at 12
U. I. Time Tabic.
Krnlgraut, No.tt, leaves at
ljisseni;'r, 4, " "
Freight, 8, " ?
rolcht. " 10,
Freight, No. 5, leaves at
C:2o a. m.
Fasscng'r, " 3,
FniRht. M !.
1:00 a. m.
Evorv dav except Saturday the three
lines leading to Chicago .connect with
U. P. tratiu at Omaha. On Saturdays
there will be but one train a -day, a
shown bv the following sctieiiuie:
ft'X-N. W. 1 7thand2Sth
' (C. Jt N. W. 1 7th a
. h, 11. .v. Q. Y nth
(C, R. 1. & P.) 21st
CH.&O. 1 otn
h It. I. & P.V 12th
In. x- v. v mtli
nth and 2Cth.
(C, R. I. & P.) 2d and 23d
4N. W. ) !Uh and .TOth
K IL.tQ. 16th
'th and 28th.
JC, R. I. A- I'S 14th
C. & N. W. J 21st
I I SA'ROICrV.
HAYING EMPLOYED Mr. A. A.
1'IUOS, of III., a tirst-classldack-emlth,
Is now prepared to do all kind
of whoh and blacksmith work. Will
make new bupgic, wagons, etc., or mend
old ones, and repair nil kinds of ma
chinery. Custom work a specialty
Good work, promptly to promise, and
cheap. Call at the sign of the horse
shoe, Olive street, opposite Charles
Morse's stable. 429-.".m
Formerly Pacific House.
This popular house has been newly
Refitted and Furindied.
Day Board per week,
Board and Lodging,
.... 5 and ?G.
Good Livery and Feed Stable in con
nection. SA TISFA CTIOX O UAJiANTEED.
Cenoa, Pawnee Reservation, Neb.
Term begins September 1878. Three
I. Common School.
2. Normal School,
Thorough instruction given in all
branches by able and experienced teach
ers. Opportunities afforded teachers to
acquire experience in the school room.
Large building aud first-class accommo
dation. For prospectus. &c, jipplv to
C. D. Rakestuaw. A. M.,
$rrris not easily earned in these
times, but it can be made
iff in thrco months by .anyone
of either sex. in any part of
the country who is willing to work
steadily av the employment tLt vre
furnish. $66 per week in your own
town. You need not be away from
home, over night. You can give your
whole time to the work, or only your
spare moments. We have agents who
are making over $20 per day. All who
engage at once can make money fast. At
the present time money cannot be made
so easily and rapidly at any other busi
ness. It costs nothing to try the busi
ness. Terms and $5 Outfit fre'e. Address
at once, IT. Hm.ltt & Co., Portland,
Ir. .1. S. McAl'LISTEIt,
URGEON AND MEDICINAL DEN-
tist. Office on 12th St., three doors
east of Schwz's boct and shoe store.
Columbus, Neb. Photograph Rooms In
connection with Dental Ofiice. 215.y
CARPENTER, JOINER AND CON
TRACTOR. All work promptly
attended to and satisfaction guaranteed.
Kefers to the many for whom he has
done work, as to prices and quality.
-W: A.. CLAJRIC,
Il-WiM fli Engineer
COLUMBUS, NEB. 402-12
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
EST-For one vcar a RESIDENT-PHYSICIAN
to the ,KW YORK CITY
HOSPITALS, Rlackwell's Island, N.Y.
Oflice on 1 1th St., next to the Joukxal.
Miluagc ."0 ct. Mediriues furnished.
WILL repair watches and clocks In
the best manner, and cheaper than
it can be done in any other tow n. Work
left with Saml. Gass, Columbia, on 11th
street, one door cast of 1. UluckN store,
or witlrMr. Weiscnfluh at Jackson, will
be promptly attended to. Jlfl.
NKLSOX MIM.KTT. UYKON MILLETT,
Justice of the Peace and
IV. SIII.I.ETX A: .SOIV,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Columbus,
Nebraska. N. B. They will give
cloo attention to all business entrusted
to them. 21S.
RYAN & DEG-AN.
WO doors cast of I). Ryan's Hotel
on llth street, keep a large stock of
Wines, Liquors, Cigars,
And everything usually kept at a flrst
elass bar. 41 1-x
P0U SALE OR TRADE !
MARES S COLTS,
Hordes or Oxen,
SA!)!)!.!!: I0;ia:S, wild or broke,
at the Curnil of
42 GERRARD & ZEIGLER.
D0LAND & SMITH,
"Wliolosalo and Retail,
VTERRASKA AYE., opposite City
1 Hall, Columbus, Nebr. KSLow
prices aud fine goods. Prescript inns
and family recipes a specialty. 417
JOHN Hl'RER, the mail-carrier be
tween Columbus nnd Albion, will
leave Columbus everj'day except Sun
day at 0 .iVlock, sharp, p:issing througli
Monroe. Genoa, Wat.rille, and to Al
bion The hack will call at cither of
the Hotels for passengers if orders are
left at the post-oilice. Rates reason
able, $2 to Albion. 222.1 y
Columbus Meat Market!
"WEBER &KNOBEL, Prop's.
KEEP ON HAND all kinds ofrpMi
jineals. and smoked pork and beef;
also fresh lish. Make sausage a spec
ialty. JST'Remember the place. Elev
enth St., one door west of D. Rvan's
IMf" Jlcnt Zlnrltct.
lVjLshington Ave, nearly oppwitc Court House
OWING TO THE CLOSE TIMES,
meat will be sold at this market
low, low down for cam I.
Rest steak, per lb., 10c.
Rib roast, " . ..8c.
Roil, i. . .. Cc.
Two cents a pound more than the above
prices will be, charged on time, and that
t6 good responsible parties only. 207.
J. A- 33 AJKJSR,
Boots, Shoes," Hats, Caps
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
2fcbrsu:ka A t c, opp. Clother House.
ISTCash Paid for Furs. 58S
U. S. EXAMIIVIIVG SURGEON,
COLUMBUS, : NEBKASKA.
OFFICE HOURS, 10 to 12 a. m., 2 to
4 p. m., and 7 to 9 p. m. Office on
Nebraska Avenue, three doors north of
E. J. Uaker's grain ofiice. Residence,
corner Wyoming and "Walnut streets,
uorth Columbus, Nebr. -iltt-tf
UNDERTAKER, KEEPS ON HAND
ready-made and Metallic Coffins,
"Walnut TIcture "Frames. Mends Cane
Scat Chairs. Keeps on hand Black Wal
7uiStts Ave. c;;j& CW. Zczzt, C:hrta, !To
All kinds of
Books, Stationery, Cand j--and (lean.
ONE DOOi: NOBTH OF l'OST- OFFICE.
&k mi:: aud saddles
J. C. PARKER, Proprietor.
I7XRST door north of Hammond nousc
? and feed stable, opposite the .old
post-office- Good work andhf best
material at low prices, is the motto.
Satisfaction given or no sale. Repairing
done promptly. tSTFine harness and
carriage trimming, a specialty. Call
and examine for yourselves. 40$
Itr. E. Ij. SIGGirVS,
Physician and Surgeon.
at all hours.
DoBt Yon Ret,"
For if you do you will lose money by
purchasing an expensive Wind Mils,
when you can buy one of J. O. Shannon
for about one-haif the money that any
other costs. Call on J. O. Shannon, on
11th street, oppo'site Mahlon Clothcr's
store. Columbus, Neb. 411-15
TTEXItY G. GABEW,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
of the English
attention to all
4 t-k 1 K, IUUIIIIIV
ri trt fi-i tt
business entrusted to him in this and
adjoining counties. Collections made.
Office one door cast of Schilz' shoe store,
cornerof olive-.and 12th Streets. Spricht
Deutch. Parle Francais. 418-tf
G0LO1I WSL YAi,
(One mile west of Columbus.)
THOMAS FLYNN A SON, Propr's.
GOOD, HARD-BURNT BRICK
jVl-wnys on. ITancl In.
QUANTITIES to suit PURCHASfillS
Js prepared to do all kinds of black-
smithiug in a workmanlike manner, and
will guarantee to give satisfaction. He
HORSE -SHOEING A SPECIALTY,
and In this branch of the trade will ac
knowledge no peers. Porsons having
lame horses from bad shoeing will do
well to bring them to him. He only asks
for a trial. All kinds of repairing done
to order. 440-3m
BE OF GOOD CHEER. Let not the
low prices of your products dis
courage you, but rather limit your cx
pciucs to your resources. You can do
so by stopping at the new home of your
fcllo'w fanner, where you can find good
accommodations cheap. For hav for
team for one night and day, 25 cts. A
room furnished with a cook stove and
bunks, in connection with the stable
free. Those wishing can be accommo
dated at the house of the undersigned
at the following rates: Meals 2-" cents;
beds 10 cents. J. R. SEN ECAL,
i mile, cast of Gerrard's Corral.
2ci ssd Wiite,
Farm for Sale.
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY
acres i f excellent farm land in Rut
ler County, near Patron P. O., about
equi-distniit from three County Seats
David City, Columbus aud Schuyler;
00 acres under cultivation; f acres of
trees, maple, Cottonwood, tc: good
frame house, granary, stable, sheds. Sic.
Good stock range, convenient to water.
The place is for sale or exchange for
property (house and a few acres) near
Columbus. Inquire at tin Joukxal
office, or address the undersigned at
Patron P. O. 403
Blacksmitb and Wagon Maker.
All kinds of repairing done at short
notice. Wagons, Buggies, Ac, fcc,
made to order. All work warranted.
Shop on Olive Street, opposite Tatter
sal, Columbus, Nebraska. " .".V2
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
Wholesald and Retail Dealer in
Foreign Wines, Liquors
SCOTCH AND ENGLISH ALES.
XSTKentucl-y "Whiskies a Specialty.
In their season,
J3Y TUE CASE, CAX Oil .DISU,
llth Street, South of Dopot,
Grain, Prodnce, Etc."
NEW STORE, NEWGOODS.
Goods delivered Free of Charge,
anyichcre in the city.
Corner of 13th and Madison Sts.
North of Foundry. 397
Hermits arc not so plentiful now
us they were in former nj;es, but
they are, nevertheless, to be found
occasionally, and when found are
always objects of common interest.
What induces these people to abau
don the haunts of civilization is
often a matter of deep mystery, but
the cause is generally to be "found
insome. abnormal condition of the
mind producing an aversion' to so
ciety and a corresponding love for
solitude. Ilermits arc, quite fre
quently learned men, and in some
instances have distinguished them
selves by brilliant public service
before retiring to caves and hidden
places. The Duke of Savoy is the
most notable example of this kind.
After a glorious reign, lasting many
vuiue, aim siguaiizeu oy unusual
ability, he withdrew fiomthc world
and finished his life as an anchorite.
The "Roxbtiry Hermit," an English
man of noble blood -and an accom
plished naturalist, was a noted
recluse, cast in the most eccentric
mold. His visit to this country,
uiiriy years ago, win be well re
membered. In America, the peculiar nature of
our society and country has been
favorable to the production of her
mits. "While with us 'business is
fast aud fortunes are rapidly made,
reverses arc couallv sudden. If
misfortunes, like death, come grad
ually, their terrors are lost, and we
meet them with resignation; but if
they befall us suddenly and without
warning we grumble at fate and feel
that we are spcciid objects of divine
wrath. To such abrupt disappoint
ments mote than other cause:!, is
attributable that morbid condition
of the brain which embitters the
mind and prompts the melancholy
man to hide himself in
"Some forlorn and naked hermitajre.
Remote from all the pleasures of the
The great majority of hermit-lives
are undoubtedly induced by ill suc
cessful business enterprise; some
become morose from bad luck in
love and hide themselves, while
"others are born with a desire to bo
let alone and with nature. A re
markable case was recently reported
from Western Xow York of a sin
gular individual, only forty years of
age, who had lived for twenty-two
years in a hut by himself. There
appears to be no motive for his sin
gular seclusion beyond a desire to
be alone. He never makes his .nn-
penrance, except when forced by
.necessity and then only for the
briefest possible time. It is related
that even in his earliest childhood
his parents found it almost imprac
ticable to keep him away, from lone
and dismal places, so over-mastering
was his mania for solitude.
This mania is much stronger with
some hermits than with others.
Many content themselves with a
partial abandonment of the. world,
returning on periodical occasions,
and once in a while communing
with their fellow-men. Some seek
absolute and uninterrupted solitude,
and shrink from their kind with ap
parent loathing and fear. A case of
this latter kind came to light a short
time ago, on Long Island, where a
party of hunters found a German
underground hermit. lie had hid
den himself so ingeniously that even
close neighbors had not discovered
his presence. When discovered he
shrank away, refusing to look at or
speak to his visitors. A Connecticut
hermit retired to a cave-dwellin",
with )?10,000. He lives alone, with
his money around him, counting it
daily and returning it to some secret
recc6s in his place of abode. "When
torccd by necessity he sallies out for
food, but always under cover of
darkness, and to some place where
few can see him. A Pennsylvania
gentleman had' a brother whom he
had not heard from for forty years,
and had long since placed "him on
the dead list. A few weeks ago,
while on a visit to Connecticut Hjc
discovered his long-lost brother,
living the life of a hermit. He
had been there during the entire
The most peculiar hermit story,
however, which we have heard in a
long time, comes from the state of
Arkansas. Whilesonic Pike county
hunters were out on the chase re
cently, they came to a little stone
cabiiirudely built with cement, aud
set down in a deep gorge, almost
entirely shut in by overhanging
hills on cither side. Inside they
discovered an old man, who, after
much persuasion, was induced to
come out and talk with his discov
erers. Around his head was tied an
old piece of black cloth, doubtless
the remnant of a worn-out garment,
that was being made to do service
for a hat. His beard was of prodi
gious length and white as the driven
snow. He was poofly attired, in
linsey shirt and brown jeans pants,
of antique pattern and badly worn.
He stood in the doorway distrust
fully for a long time, but was fiually
persuaded to come out and talk
with the hunters. He walked with
a rude 6tick, leaning upon it for
support, and, upon invitation, seat
ed himself on one of the huge rocks
that lay near the entrance to the
cabin. Of course the first inquiry
was as to who he was, and why ho
was Jiving in so peculiar a manner.,
At first he refused to reply compre
hensively to such questions, saying:
''God knows, and that is enough."
Througli his Tespdndcs to number
of questions.put in various-ways, it
was learned, according to his own
account, that he was past eighty
five years of age, and that he had
led the life of a hermit for fifty-five
years. He looked fully that old,
though apparently hearty and vig
orous .for one of such venerable
years. The 'hunters continued to
ply the old man with questions, and
he fiuajly. gaye his name. Having
gone thus tar, he grew more cqm
rauujeative, and. told a sryof such
romantic interest that- ii' is well
worth reproduction. His name he,
gave as William Waggoner. He
was born eighty-five years ago in
the county of Kent, England. Hav
ing been educated at the Uythe Mil
itary School, he entered the army,
at the ace of twenty-two years, as
Second Licutenaut. He wa? assign
ed to service in an East India regi
ment, where he spent three years.
Obtaining a furlough, lie returned
on a visit to his father, who owned
a small farm in the immediate vicin
ity of Ramsgate, in the county of
Kent. Or. this visit ho became ac
quainted with a young lady whose
miner owned a handsome villa at
llamsgate, then, as well, as now, a
popular watering place. He Ml
desperately in love with her, and
laid himself at her feet. She recip
rocated, or professed to reciprocate,
the warm feeling, and agreed to
marry liiin at a future day to be
fixed. He did not return to the
East Indies, but was promoted to a
First Lieutenancy in the Fourteenth
Ucgiment of her Majesty's foot ser
vice, which was shortly thereafter
J 1 A A .
uruereu 10 America to take part in
chastizing the haughty and defiant
Yankees. He came through the
lializo with Packenham, and partic
ipated in the memorable battle of
New Orleans, commanding his com
pany and losing eight men killed.
He was among the wounded, his
left knee being badly shattered. He
was taken prisoner and carried to
New Orleans. Within a few days
it was known that peace had been
declared, and Waggoner was free to
return to his own country. 15ut the
wound on his leg was too severe to
aiiuw ins removal, it was more
than twelve months before he could
stand upon the wounded member.
In the meantime, he had heard from
home. The lady who had promised
to be his forever had married anoth
er. He was devotedly attached to
her, and even during the most pain
ful period of his afiliction, had
written to her, vowing eternal love.
She continued to write to him al
most to the day of her marriage.
Tho shock was too great for him.
The knowledge of her perfidy con
tinually prayed on his mind, and he
resolved never to return to England.
Without delay he forwarded a res
iirnation of his position in the army.
At that time he was twenty-eight
years of age. He resolved to cast
his fortunes among the people of
New Orleans. Deing an accom
plished civil engineer and surveyor,
he established himself in that busi
ness on a street at that time known
as Exchange Place. Here he so far
forgot his troubles that he became
infatuated with another lady, a Cre
ole girl of surpassing beautv, to
whom he offered his hand and heart.
She favored his suit and pledged her
love, but in lime, like his English
sweetheart, proved untrue and
wedded another. lie had long sus
pected the heartlcssness of the fe
male sex and this last act of treach
ery convinced him that the vows of
women "were traced in sand."
After this a deep and permanent
melancholy settled upon him, and in
his desperation he determined to
leave the walks of civilization and
plunge into the mi trod wilderness
of the vast southwest. This was in
the days before steamboats, and he
took passage on one of theflut-boats
that then plied up and down the
Father of Waters. He went, half
unconscious, not knowing whither
he was goiug. He wandered up and
down the Mississippi for a long
period, without aim or purpose'.
Finally he found himself ashore a
few miles below Natchez, the guest
of a squatter who had made his pio
neer home in the tangled thickets of
the great bottom. Here Waggoner's
life as a hermit began. He lived
with the settler for six years, assist
ing in the tillage of a corn and veg
etable patch around the lone cabin,
and hunting the dense swamp and
the hills beyond for game. For
weeks he would disappear from his
friend's hospitable roof and slept in
the woods, burying himself in the
voiceless solitude of the unexplored
forest, and living upon such gnmeas
he chose to bring down with his
rifle. During these six- years he
never spoke to a mortal soul, save
his pioneer friend and family. The
year 1S27 found him still there. In
the fall of that year the yellow fever
appeared on the Gulf coast with
unusual violence, rapidly traveling
up the Mississippi and its tributaries,
and decimating the river villages
and spreading terror among the set
tlements. One day Waggoner's
friend was taken with the fever, and
went to bed in delirium. His wife
speedily followed, and then the two
children. Waggoner nursed them
as best he kuew how, and a distant
neighbor came to assist. But in ten
days the humble squatter and his
wife and children were sleeping
their last sleep, and the ill-starred
ex-Lieutenant found himself alone
in the world. Providence seems to
have reserved him for another fate,
for he went through the plague sea
son unscathed. He resolved to seek
new fields of enterprise, and reso
lutely struck out alone in a north
westerly direction. After ten days'
travel through the wilderness with
out meeting a human being, he came
to the Quachita river. Here he in
tercepted a party of explorers, who
oflcred to take him on a voyage of
land inspection up that stream.
They proceeded northward about
300 miles. It was then in the midst
of winter, and the weather being
unusually cold for that latitude, the
explorers concluded tp go into camp
until the atmosphere became more
genial. This was at a spot near
where the town of Camden is now
situated. Here Waggoner left his
traveling companions. He found
association with his kind irksome
and repulsive, and one day, in obe
dience to an uncontrolable impulse,
he suddenly walked away and never
more laid eyes on his new-made
acquaintances. He pursued his way
in a westerly direction, traveling
slowly aud at his pleasure, resting
in the hollows of trees aud building
fires when the weather was too se
vere. After several weeks' wander
ing he came to tho Itcd river, at
Fulton Sheals, and here ho saw the
first people he had beheld since
leaving the Qunchitar
A scttlcmcut of white people had
been made here, and he endeavored
to assimilate himself again to the
society of his fellow-meu. He had
a ceaseless desire to be alone, how
ever, and ho resolved to seek some
secluded spot where he could com
mune undisturbed with nature. He
retraced his steps eastward, and,
after three days' travel, made a de
tour to the northward, encountering
a broken, mountainous country,
aud barren of luxurious vegetation,
but full of game aud beautiful
streams. Here he found a place
that suited him a deep shadowy
canyon, darkened by overhanging
dill's, and cooled by perpetual
breezes that swept through the nar
row pass. It was the place where
the hunters had found him.
Here, forty-five years before,
when the surrounding country for
hundreds of miles was a howling
wilderness, the melancholy wander
er had built the little stone cabin
which still stood there. It was a
rude btructure, twelve or fourteen
feet square, and gray with mold of
time. Not a change had been made
in it since it was first erected, save
the roof, which had been renewed
a number of times, as occasion re
quired. No light could penetrate
the interior except such as went in
at the opened door or strangled
through tho crevices between the
irrcgularly-slmncd rocks that com
posed the walls. In this hut Wag
gouer had lived for upward of forty
years. For many years alter he
first settled in this strange spot, he
did not see a single human being,
living upon the iisli he caught and
the animals he trapped, and utilizing
the skius of the latter for such cov
ering as was necessary for the bod v.
The first settlement made anywhere
near him was where the town of
Washington is now situated, forty
miles to the southward. This place
he visited about forty years ago,-but
quickly retired to his solitary cabin.
About that time another settlement.
was made about ten miles below
him. Ho had been in the habit ol
making yearly visits to this point to
barter such hides and peltries as he
might secure during the year for
little necessaries in the way of food
and clothing. He had never heard
from England since his departure
from New Orleans, lie did not
have a book. He had occasionally
picked up an old newspaper in his
iambics through the country. The
floor o' his cabin was covered with
skins of wild animals. This was
his only furniture. He owned noth
ing but two rude cooking utensils, a
small supply of fishing-tackle and an
old-fashioned rifle, which he had
bought twenty-five years ago. His
ignorance of current and modern
events was singular, not to uay
amusing. He could not give the
name of the present President. He
knew there had been a war of some
sort in this country, but had no idea
of how it had been settled. Ho had
never heard of the Atlantic cable,
nor of the electric telegraph. Rail
roads he. had heard of, but did not
think such things existed. He did
not know whether he lived in a
State or Territory, nor did he care
Subsequent inquiry among tiie
6cttlers who lived nearest to the old
man showed that his story of his
titty years' isolation was entirely
truthful. He was rarely seen by
any of the faw people who lived
around, and his desire to be alone
was so well known that no one ever
intruded upon him. Ho was regard
ed as a harmless, crazy old man.
Few persons know the location of
Ins cabin, and none had ever enter
ed it. When he had not been seen
for a long time, some neighbor
would go to his door to sec that he
did not sutler for want of attention.
He had never been known to con
verse with any one, except when
he went to barter. A few years
ago he grew sick, aud was visited
by neighbors, though he did not
speak to them, except in monosylla
bles, and refused to let any one cuter
The country round about is
sparsely settled", the land being poor,
and ottering few inducements for
settlement. Neighbors live four and
five miles apart, and the old hermit
is four miles removal from any
other human habitation. He select
ed a fit place for solitary life. He
is undoubtedly the most remarkable
hermit in the United States, aud the
history ofhi3 eccentric life would
furnish material for a splendid ro
mance. &l. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Nlieep V;lue aud Irofit.
Keep sheep for the following rea
sons: First. They are very profitable
both for wool and mutton.
Second. They speedily enrich
the land over which they range.
Third. Their number increases
with rapidity when properly cared
for and protected, and they will thus
make the owner rich in a few years.
Fourth. A German agriculturist
has carculated, that the droppings
from 1,000 sheep during a single
night would manure an acre of
ground for any crop. By using
cheap portable fences moving the
same from place lo place a farmer
may manure his outlying fields with
sheep at less cost than the hauling
and spreading of ordinary manure.
Filth. A great deal of the most
valuable manure may also be made
by a cheap and easy system of night
folding on well-littered yard and
in sheds, which should always be
erected on the range to protect the
flock against sudden and severe
changes in the weather. Virginia
Young men should pattern after
pianos be square, upright, grand.
Hov ISojn J2tty Succeed In Ijllc.
"A Poor ISoy" inquires what oc
cupation it is best for him to follow,
and how can he best succeed in life.
The choice of an occupation de
pends partly upon individual pref
erence, and partly upon cfrcum
staiices. It may be that you are
debarred from entering upon that
business for which you are beat
adapted. In that case, make the
best choice in vour power. Apply
yourself faithfully and earnestly to
whatever you uudertake, and you
cannot well help achieving at least
a moderate success. Patient appli
cation sometimes leads to great
You emphasize the fact of your
being a poor boy, but this afford;
no grounds of discouragement. Not
only many, but most of our success
ful business and professional men
were trained in the hard school of
penury. Stowart, Vanderbilt and
John Jacob Astor struggled upward
from a youth of poverty. A well
known Member of Congress assured
the writer that at the age of nine
teen he was a flat boat man on the
Mississippi River. The obscure be
ginnings of Abraham Lincoln are
familiar to all Americans. Yet
more remarkable was the rise of
President Andrew .IoIiuhou, who
did not learn lo read and write till
alter he was tweuty-one. So nu
merous arc similar cacs that it
almost seems as if Poverty, instead
of being a hindrance, were a posi
tive help. Rich boys are often
spoiled, and thiir energies sapped
and mideruiiucd, by luxurious hab-
its, the too free use of money, and
t ne lack ol that discipline which
comes from indigence.
As an element of success great
stress must be laid upon incorrupti
ble integrity, which of late vears is
unfortunate!' too rarely found. A
business man once said to the
"1 can find plenty of smart young
men to work for me. What I want
is an honest clerk, whom I can im
Scarcely a day passes in which
some defalcation is not brought to
light. Wide -spread misery often
results from the lax principles of
some young man placed in a posi
tion of trust. Let our young cor
respondent resolve that he will live
on bread and water rather tliau ap
propriate a penny that is not his
own. Let him imitate the stern
integrity of John Quincy Adams,
who would not write a private let
ter upon Government paper, but
provided a separate stock of sta
tionery for such uses. A boy or
man who establishes a reputation
tor strict honesty will not remain
out of employment.
Don't give up all your time to
business. Reserve a pari, if only an
hour daily, for reading and mental
improvement. If Abbott Lawrence
had been familiar only with the
details of his business lie would
never have received the appoint
ment .of Minister to England, a
place which he filled with credit to
himsell and to Ins country. Some
men prominent in business have
found time also for a wide and
varied course of reading, which
made them agreeable aud instruc
tive companions. Once at a dinner
party an eminent clergyman made
an incorrect historical allusion, and
was at once set right by a quiet
merchant who sat beside him.
Last of all, remember that you
owe a debt to humanity. Try to
live and labor so that the world may
be richer aud mankind the happier
for your having lived. A great in
ventor, a great philanthropist. leaves
a legacy to his race. Who can esti
mate the incalculable debt of the
world to the inventor of printing,
of the steam-engine, of the tele
graph? Who will deny that Wash
ington, Franklin, John Howard,
helped to make the world better
than they found it? How long will
the memory of Scott, of Dickens, of
Thackeray live in the fund of inno
cent pleasure which their work3 are
destined to afford for generations
to come! All cannot attain their
celebrity or emulate their great
achievements, but no one is so hum
ble that he cannot promote in some
degree the happiness of those around
A good mother, when her son
was leaving the home of his child
hood and going out into the great
world, knowing that he was ambi
tious, gave him thi3 parting in
'My son, remember that though
it is a good thing to be a great man,
it is a great thing to be a good
No sounder or truer words were
ever spoken. A great man may
dazzle, but a good man is a beacon
shining afar, by whose beneficent
light a multitude are enabled to
walk in safety. The best success is
often achieved by the humblest, and
an obscure life, well-spent, is better
than a wicked renown. JVew York
Many people take no care of their
money till they have come nearly
to the end of it, and thm do the
same with their time. Their best
days they throw away let them
run like sand through the fingers as
long as they think they still have a
countless number of them to spend ;
but when they find their days flow
ing rapidly away, 60 that at last
they have very few left, then they
will at once make a vory wise use
of them ; but unluckily they have by
that time no notion how to do it.
"Sweets to the sweet," said a
young man on passing the syrup to a
young lady seated at one of our
hotel fables. "And beets to the
beat," remarked the lady, shoving a
disji of that vegetable toward the
young man. For some reason the
observation cast a settled gloom
o'er a countenance that just before
was radiant with smiles.
A Romance of tlic Jlordcr.
There passed down on the train
the other day an aged but smart
looking lady belweeu GO and 70
years of age, having with her a
child about two years old, wli09e
dark complexion unmistakably be
tokened Indian origin and naturally
excited somo curiosity. Tho lady
was communicative and told a story
filled with romuueo. Shoawaswid
dow, with an only son living in
Connecticut. Her bov crew to bo
a young inan; and filled with alovo
of adventure, he forsook the paren
ral roof and came West. Ilia rov
iugs led him to Rismark, Dakota
Territory, where he bepamo inter
ested with Indian traders and final
ly married the daughter of a chief,
tho fruit of the union being one
child. At length in an engagement
with the hostilcs tho young man
was killed. The sad ncw3 iu due
time reached hi3 mother. She was
almost disconsolate in her grief.
With true maternal allection she at
once resolved to search for her
son's child, and, if possible, iind it
an object upou which she might be
stow her care aud motherly love.
Forthwith she journeyed to Minne
sota. The difficulties in the way
formed no barrier to her New Eng
land energy. Her diligent inquiries
along the Northern Racific railroad
brought to her acquaintance a man
who had known her son. For $50
he ottered to find the squaw who
had been the sou's wife. Without
going into details of the search it is
sufficient to say that the tribe of In
dians was found, and with it tho
squaw and child. When the 1-idy
first saw her graudchijd she thought
she could discern in his features a
resemblance to her son, but when
the little one was in the midst ol a
number of Indian children, it was
Hard lo discover much difference.
Nevertheless, tho grandmother of
the dusky little half-breed was bout
on having him brought up under
the gentle influence ol Connecticut
civilization, and she quieted her
compunctions or bartering in human
flesh by the exigencies of the case
and the gift of six sacks of Hour to
the bereaved Indian widow. Tho
old lady d parted with her new
found treasure, as happy as a boy
with a new toy. She fondled the
little Sioux with indescribable affec
tion, and the little chap responded
by making his doting grandma buy
him all the peaches ami pears that
the train boy ottered. Tho picture
of youth and old ago seldom has
more romance done up in a couple
than was here presented. I will
not be suprising one of these days to
hear of that cultivated little savago
pulling with the Harvard crew.
TIte Silent XtraHger.
A stranger sat iu a corner of tho
car hence to New York, in easy at
titude, his feet upon a large black
trunk. The gentlemanly conductor,
going his rounds, at the first station
politely informed the stranger that
the trunk must be put in tho hay-
gag c car.
To which the stranger nothing re
plied. At the second station the displeas
ed conductor, more decidedly, told
the stranger that he must put the
trunk in the baggage car.
To which the stranger nothing re
plied. At the third station the vexed
conductor more imperatively tohl
the stranger that he must put the
trunk iu the baggage car, or it would
be put off tho train.
To which the stranger nothing re
plied. At the fourth station the irate
conductor had the trunk put ott'aud
To which the stranger said noth
ing. At the fifth station the mollified
conductor, addressing the stranger,
begged him to remember that he
had but done what his duty requir
ed and that he had done it only af
ter repeated warnings, and that it
was solely the stranger fault.
To which the stranger lacouicaliy
"Don't care ; 'tain't my trunk I"
In vain docs man try io content
himself with material enjoymeut;
the soul recoils dissatisfied with its
own pride, self-love and ambition.
Rut on the other hand, what a mis
erable existence is that of cold, cal
culating men, who deceive them
selves nearly as much as others, aud
who repel the generous inspirations
which may be born in the hearts, as
a disease o'f imagination which
needs to be dissipated to the air.
What a poor existence also is that
of men, who, not satisfied with do
iug evil, treat as folly tho source of
those beautiful actions, those great
thoughts. The' confine themselves
in a tenacious mediocrity; they
condemn themselves to that monot
ony of ideas, to that coldness of
sentiment, which Jet3 the days go
by without drawiug from thcui
either fruit, progress, or remem
brances; and if time did uot wrin
kle their features, what marks
would they retain of ita passage?
If they had not to grow old aud
die, what serious reflections would
ever enter their minds?
A young lady of six summers mail
ed into her mother's presence on
Sunday last, with the- remark:
"Mother, wonders will never cease !"
"Why, my dear?" "Why Mr. and
Mrs. W. are sitting on the porch,
talking just as sweet as though they
weren't married I"
For of all sad words that ever
were written. The saddest are
these "I got the mitten."
Any man pays too much for his
whistle when he has to wet it 15 or
20 times a day.