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title: 'The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, March 18, 1896, Image 4',
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Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
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5". "! "
as " . '
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tho of ta goo.
TIbm's chisel deepen the stark ererjr
time there is a Crows apoa the face.
. For Last; sad chest diseases, Piso's Care
is the best saediciae we hare wed. Mrs. J.
L. Northcott, Wiadsor, Oat., Caaada.
Things aronad as Trill look better if we
first look overhead.
TIM revtvtae pmnh rrarkafsGlaasr Teaie
reader It iaatsaaable la every boss, tttemaea
troaMea, cold aad every form of hniMleM tolu
Coadact will sever be right while cos
viction are wrong.
Oct taatnaraa m awe It
if you want to realiis the contort of Mas wltaoat
corns. It takes Uieai oat perfectly, lie. at druaxt a.
Women have usually better eyesight than
An elephant's skin, when tanned, is over
as isch thick.
Year blood is Spring is almost certais to
be full of imparities the accumula
.tion of the winter months. Bad ven
tilation of sleeping rooms, impure air
in dwellings, factories and shops, over
eatisg, heavy, improper foods, failure
of the kidneys and liver properly to do
extra work thus thrust upon them, are
the prime causes of this condition. It
Is of the utmost importance that yon
Now, as when warmer weather comes and
the tonic effect of cold bracing air is
gone, your weak, thin, impure blood
will not furnish necessary strength.
That tired feeling, loss of appetite, will
open the way for serious disease, raised
health, or breaking out of humors and
impurities. To make pare, rich, red
blood Hood's Sarssparilla stands un
eqoalled. Thousands testify to ita
merits. Millions take it as their
Spring Mediciae. Get Hood's, because
IsUieOneTnie Blood Purifier. AH druggist, f I.
l'rcKued only by C I. Hood & Co.. Lowell. Mass.
. . are the only pill to take
HOOd S PlIlS witaHood-.SarMp.riUa.
On a good (the best) skirt bind
ing as strenuously as on a good
cloth for the skirt
Ask for (and take no other) the
Bias Velveteen Skirt Binding.
Iff yw dealer will not supply y
Send for samples, showing labels and materials,
to t he S. H. &. M Co . P. O. Bos 699. New York City.
CANCER CURED !
A new era is dawning1 in medicine,
and the strongest evidence of it is the
fact that cancer can be cured without
the use of the knife and without dread
of any painful operation.
Mrs. Oliver Chapman was relieved of
a huge cancer of two years growth and
is now rejoicing' in pood health and ex
cellent spirits. The scar left on her
breast from removal of the cancer is
not larger than a silver dollar. Mr. A.
I. .Tones, one of the first settlers of
Omaha, has been entirely cured by the
new treatment. Mrs. liarrell of South
Omaha. Mr. Martin of Council Muffs,
and many others in these towns have
been relieved from cancer, and are en
thusiastic over results.
The mode of treatment is not pain
ful and in nearly every instance pa
tients can attend to their business,
while under medical care.
The Omaha Cancer Cure Sanitarium
has been established by V. L. Crabtree
at 2423 Dodge street, with II. C, Wheel
er, M. I)., as attending physician and
(ieorge W. Roberts as manager. A cure
is guaranteed in every case, and mem
bers of the institution will be glad to
give visitors any information desired as
to terms and testimonials. All consul
tations are free.
t SMOKING TOBACCO, ?
f 2 oz. for 5 Cents. f
I CUT-SLASH i
f CHESOOTS-3 far 5 Cant, f
f Give a Good. Mellow, Healthy, f
A rieasant Smoke. Try Them.
m lt c. mitt wus, fen, i c. m
It is the
The difference between the
Buraagton and all other lines
to Montana and the Pacific
Northwest is the difference
1-etween a dire-t line aad a
line that isn't direct.
The Eur.inton is the dire-t
It is from 50 to 3-S miles
shorter than any other line
to Helena. Butte, Spokane,
Seattle and Tacoma.
A fast train for those and
all other northwestern points
leaves umana at 4::io p. m.
daily. Go west on it if you
- want to reach your destina
tion quickest and most com
fortably. - Time-tables and information
atout rates will be furnished
oa application by the local
ticket agent or by addressing
J. Francis, Gcn'l Fass'r Agt, Omaha, Neb.
r Se 1 . was K amt Bt kas i
riaeAisirBaek. with aktesarnv. .. Goat
Heavy OnckrvMb Baekles. ). Seat prepaid oa
teeriptef arte.. Seaaciaeef koeaadaaeasuieef
asii of MB- u. . at un zimazua m sun, van
"W. N. U.f OMAHA 11 1896
When writing to advertisers, kindly
mention this paper. -
f the creoeM
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BaaaaaaaavBI aeafsagsr' ssWSauB? nnr Sea atanjnnjnj gnnnj
BBBBBVBBBBBBBBBBBBBBaBQsafaBnaL SbbMbL AatifffaBBalrBfaBfafW
BBC3HMlBtlBSSK WtataafJlatW THtsK
HW arMBtn 8sMl TMMcV 9tMa MnUB 8MK&
wyFisaMn. SMei Mas canets ant Ifees
nBarftBttr. Oa ass Hrattaa K win aaaw
. at aaaat arMctea that St wall fiiralia aattl
JssaaSTlstaSM the assal fries, ataawaaasss
M mmSE nlsBBBSBm g&VanljL BmaBBBtsssssal "
"THE WOODEN HKN9
Hatesm chickeu front hw' VT- Hi
lOzlUS Inches: will Uke caro of 2egtr.
Writeio Mr. Geo. II. Stahl,'atfr.,Qu!ucy,
I1L. for a copv of his lklot "W," descrlb
iag the "wooden Hen." also largo cata
logue. .Both sent free. Mention this paper.
Almost a ColUatoii.
"Speaking of narrow escapes," ob
served Mr. Chiigwater, reaching for his
second cup of coffee, "did I tell you I
was on a train the other day that camo
within three feet of being run into by
another train going at full speed?"
"For mercy sakes. no," exclaimed
Mrs. Chugwater. "How did it hap
pen?" "The train that came so near run
ning into ours," he rejoined, buttering
a biscuit, "was on the other track and
going the other way."
It was several minutes before Mrs.
Chugwater broke loose, but when she
did she made up for lost time.
Catarrh Can Not lie Cared
With local application? as they can
not reach the seat of the disease. Ca
tarrh Is a blood cr constitutional dis
ease, and In order to cure It you must
take Internal remedies. Hall's Catarrh
Cure Is taken Internally, and acts di
rectly on the blood and mucous sur
faces. HalPs Catarrh Cure Is not a
quack medicine. It was prescribed by
one of the best physicians in this coun
try for 5rears. and is a regular prescrip
tion. It Is composed cf the best tonics
known, combined with the best blood
purifiers, acting directly on th mucous
surfaces. The perfect combination of
the two ingredients Is what produces
such wonderful results In curing Ca
tarrh. Send for testimonials, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props.,
Sold by druggist?; price. 75c
Hall's Family Pills. 25c.
A great manufacturing company in
Massachusetts recently paid their
workmen, on Saturday evening, 700 $10
bills, each bill being marked. By the
following Tuesday 410 of these bills
were deposited in the bank by
the saloon keepers of the town.
Four thousand and one hun
dred dollars had passed from the
hands of the workmen on Saturday
night and Sunday and left them nothing
to show for this great sum of money
bat headaches and poverty in their
He who minds his own lmsiness walks
head and shou'ders above JK) er cent of hi?
f e lows.
MILLIONS Or DOIXAK8 ANNUALLY.
And more could bo made by the farmers
if they would plant Salzcr's big crop
ping seeds, because Salzer's seeds
eprout. grow and produce, giving you
from 4 to 6 tons of hay per acre, over 200
bu. of corn. 116 bu. of barley, 1.200 bu.
of potatoes, 209 bu. Silver Mine Oats
and the like per acre. These are pos
itive facts, all of which can be substan
tiated by oath. Now, the editor asks
why sow poor seeds and get poor yields,
when such big. bountiful yields are pos
sible? Salzer's catalogue tells you all
Iff yon wUI cat thl oat aad aead it
with 10 cents postage to the John A.
Salzer Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis., you
will receive their mammoth catalogue
and 10 samples of grain and grass seeds,
worth $10 to anybody to get a start
from. Catalogue alone, 5 cents post
Artists ply their vocation with diffi
culty in Constantinople. Sketching is
forbidden except under the strictest
regulations. When F. Hopkinson Smith
sought to transfer to canvas some of
the charming views in the neighbor
hood of the Golden Horn, an official
from the ministry of police was in con
stant attendance upon him. He has
written an account of his experiences
for the March Century. "A Personally
Conducted Arrest in Constantinople."
and it will be illustrated with repro
ductions of some of the water-colors he
made. Notwithstanding their vigi
lance, some of these pictures escaped
the scrutiny of the police, as Mr. Smith
Farmer Make Sara
Of an abundant yield of grain If they
use the Campbell Sub Surface Packer,
manufactured only by the Sioux City
Engine and Iron Works, Sioux City, la.
This Packer will put the bottom of the
plowed ground in condition to gather
and retain moisture to such an extent
as to assure a crop. This machine com
pletely firms the bottom and leaves the
surface loose and covered with small
lumps, actually foices decomposition
of all stubble or foreign matter turned
under and in every instance has shown
a gain of 75 to 200 per cent, over ordi
nary yields. We suggest to all our
farmer readers to write to this firm for
their pamphlet, containing many valu
able pointers on prairie farming, and
full particulars in regard to the Camp
bell Sub Surface Packer.
The March numLcr of the North
American lleview opens with an im
portant paper on "America's Interest
in Eastern Asia," by the lien, .lohn
llarrett. United States Minister to
Spain. The conditions which have
served to retard the development of
American-Asiatic trade in the past, are
ably set forth by Mr. Karrett, together
with sonic timefy and valuable sugges
tions as to how American interests
may best ' avail themselves of the
Yon can do more for youie!f than any
man can do for vou.
Gladness Comes !
With a better understanding of the
transient nature of the many phys
ical ills, which vanish before proper ef
forts gentle efforts pleasant efforts
rightly directed. There is comfort in
the knowledge, that so many forms of
sickness are not due to any actual dis
ease, but simply to a constipated condi
tion of the system, which the pleasant
family laxative. Syrup of Figs, prompt
ly.reinoves. That is why it is the only
remedy with millions of families, and is
everywhere esteemed so highly by all
who value good health. Its beneficial
effects are due to the fact, that it is the
one remedy which promotes internal
cleanliness without debilitating the
organs on which it acts. It is therefore
all important, in order to get its bene
ficial effects, to note when you pur
chase, that you have the genuine arti
cle, which is manufactured bv the Cali
fornia Fig Syrup Co. only and sold by
all reputable druggists.
If in the enjoyment of good health,
and the system is regular, laxatives or
other remedies are then not needed. If
afflicted with any actual disease, one
may be eommended to the most skillful
physicians, but if in need of a laxative,
one should have the best, and with the
well-informed everywhere. Syrup of
Figh stands highest and is most largely
bAIRY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
Htats as to th
Car f lira
years we have been
raising poultry of
some kind. How
ever, I have not
been engaged ex
clusively in that
line, but have kept
the breeds pure for
fancy. I have
handled at various
times Light Brah-
mas. Buff Cochins, Silver Laced
Wyandottes, Red and White Leghorns
and Barred Plymouth Rocks. The
Barred Plymouth Rock is the best
all around chicken we have tried. It
is quiet, matures early and is a good
layer of good sized eggs. Wyandottes
come next. In the winter they are
housed, but id the summer they take to
the apple trees for roosting. We think
they are healthier this way.
We feed corn at night and wheat in
the morning; they also get some lime,
boiled potatoes and so on for change.
We are feeding at this time cooked ap
ples mixed with ground wheat. Our
market is St. Louis. It is usually glut
ted with poultry and eggs, great quan
tities of which come from the South and
West. We see by the market reports
that the market in Chicago is much
better all the time than it is in St.
Louis. In winter we get a fair supply
of eggs, but do not make a specialty
of winter eggs. We seldom lose fowls
from disease, lice or predatory animals.
We have always adhered to the hen
while brooding, and have been as suc
cessful as we expected to be. The main
point is to give the broods good care
while they are young.
We have never tried doctoring poul
try. If a chicken is seen to be ailing we
cut off its head. We use crude carbolic
acid in the drinking water. White
Leghorns are best for eggs and early
maturity, but I had to discard them on
account of their flying into my hot beds,
as the products of my hotbeds bring
me much of my returns for work. We
believe that the Cochins or feathery
legged fowls have no business on a
farm. Their feathers are a great nui
sance in muddy times. On town lots
the' may be all right.
The Egyptian Poultry association of
Southern Illinois held their second an
nual show in Marissa late in Decem
ber. They had a grand show of poultry.
There were G46 birds exhibited. Among
them were threo Buff Cochin3 from
England of past year's hatch. Mr. Hem
licb, of Litchfield, Illinois, was judge.
J. B. Matthews in Farmers' Review.
How f Win Eggs.
Every poultry keeper now wants
eggs, because they are scarce and bring
a good price. Of course it is impossible
to get as many eggs at this season
as in summer, simply for the reason
that winter and cold weather are not
the natural times for birds to lay, but
yet, given good stocks and conditions as
nearly approaching summer as may be,
and the hens will prove fairly prolific.
A warm, light, sunny coop is very es
sential. The house must be snug, yet
have ventilators that may be opened in
mild weather, for bad air ifi a very bad
thing indeed for any species of animal
life. Be sure also the coop is dry. A
damp house means colds, roup, and no
profit. Grain is cheap, so feed the best
and a variety also. A good morning
mash is mad'- as follows: Take 4 parts
bran, 4 parts ground oats, 3 parts corn
meal, and 1 part linseed meal. Then
combine with the grain mixture just as
much boiled potatoes, turnips, or car
rots as you use of grain. Mix all in
boiling water, salt and pepper lightly,
and finally add a little meat scraps or
green cut bone. This makes a royal
winter's breakfast for poultry and will
bring the eggs if anything will. Scat
ter a few handfuls of whole wheat and
oats about the coop a few times a day
to keep the hens scratching. Feed
lightly on whole corn at night. Remem
ber a cabbage once in a while. W. P.
Perkins in Farmers' Review.
EncMah View of tilage.
To obtain a supply of suitable food
all the year round is not always an easy
matter; therefore, a few suggestions on
this important subject may be useful to
dairy farmers who plan out in their
minds a possible food supply to carry
their stock through another year. Ow
ing to unforeseen events taking place
which may seriously reduce the amount
of food expected on the arable land, it
is certainly advisable to have a reserve
supply of food ready for use at all sea
sons of the year. In the case of a late
spring, a supply of silage will be found
of great service to the dairy farmer,
who would otherwise have to consider
ably increase the amount usually paid
for foods purchased; and if drought
were to follow in summer this amount
would be still further increased, thus
reducing the profit derived from the
dairy herd and other classes of live
stock on the farm.
Silage is about the best basis for
forming a ration for all kinds of farm
stock that the stock-owner could wish
for, as it supplies the place of grass in
the winter food of stock, and can partly,
or entirely, replace roots and hay. It
would not be necessary to reduce the
area under crops or pasture, but sim
ply to reduce the area of meadow land
and grow leguminous crops instead.
The food supply would be thus in
creased, and a reserve supply provided
in case of drought or failure of crops.
Silage would be given in the long state,
thus dispensing with long hay or straw,
and both sweet and sour silage could be
made. Sweet silage would be used for
all classes of breeding stock and sour
silage for all classes of store and fat
tening stock, and either kind, when
properly made, will keep for years.
Silage increases the quantity of milk
when given with discretion, and butter
from cows fed oa good silage has the J
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quality, color and flavor taat aertalB
to it in onuner.
By practising this system of easlluf
fodder crops, the clay-laae farmer i
able to provide winter food far his tWck
on land otherwise requiring to be left
tallow in summer; and the llgat-laad
fanner is able to winter a larger sheep
stock when he is solely dependent tfpoa
his root crop for food. The Dairy,
black Spotted Frelbara CatUa.
This is a Swiss breed. The United
States consular report says of it:
There are several off-shoot breeds de
rived from the pure Bernese, known
as the Freiburg, the Frutiger, the Illiez,
and Ormond breeds, but they are all
more or less inferior to the pure original
race. As a principle, cross-breeding
has failed in Switzerland, and the best
results have always been obtained from
in-breeding from the pure original
Of these minor spotted breeds, the
only one that deserves notice here is the
Freiburg, which originated in the can
ton of that name, and is still bred
there in great purity, although even
there it is gradually giving way in the
best herds to the light colored Saanen
and Simmenthal variety.
The distinctive mark of the Freiburg
cattle is found in the fact that their
spots are black. Many examples are
seen in which the entire animal is
black, except perhaps the head and a
stripe under the belly. It is fully as
heavy as its Bernese rival, but has
larger, heavier bones, coarser flesh, and
is in other respects Inferior to it in the
technical points that characterize a per
fect stock. As working animals and as
milkers the Freiburgers rank next to
Poorly Supplied Creameries.
We receive a great many complaints
from farmers where new creameries
hare been established. In most in
stances the creameries are not to blame.
The farmers have not yet furnished
the conditions whereby they can make
the most profit out of the creamery.
They are furnishing half the amount of
milk they should furnish. There are
thousands of farmers with 200 acres of
land, who are keeping not more than
10 or 15 cows. The making of the milk
from these few cows costs them nearly
double per pound what it would if they
made four times as much. Then they
blame the creamer) for not giving them
a better profit. They say the creamery
is charging too much for the making of
the butter; when it is hard to see how
the creamery can live with the small
amount of business there is to be done.
There are thousands of these no-profit
creameries all over the land. The farm
ers about them keep two acres to do the
work of one, and two cows to produce
what one cow should produce. Every
thing in and about that creamery is
marked by a lack of good, intelligent,
dairy sense. How can such men expect
figs from thistles, or profits from ig
norance of sound dairy conditions?
One Cause of Low Prices for Batter.
Dairy products arc very low, and
dairymen are inquiring the cause. Some
say it is an oversupply of good butter.
Others say that it is because the con
sumption has been cut off. The latter
is certainly one of the great causes that
have operated against the good prices
that have pre railed for some years.
Very likely it is the most important
reason. We know that thousands of
men have lost employment, and that
myriads have had their wages reduced.
The result is. they are consuming less
butter than formerly, for it is a thing
they can get along without. We have
known families in the depressions of
past years that have substituted mo
lasses and syrup for butter. The chil
dren no longer asked for bread and
butter, but for bread and molasses.
When a million families get to apply
ing the rules of rigid economy, the mar
ket feels the result and the demand is
lessened. What was before a supply
sufficient to the demand, now gives a
surplus, and this surplus acts as a dead
weight on prices. A 10 per cent sur
plus thrown on the market becomes a
bear influence of the first magnitude.
This is all the more true of butter, be
cause it is a product that must be sold
Dairy Instruction at Linaiag.
Last week a representative of the
Farmers' Review visited the Michigan
Agricultural College at Lansing. The
college is certainly doing a great work
in its various branches, but the appli
ances for dairy instruction are very lim
ited. The dairy students certainly do
not have a fair show under such condi
tions. There is no branch of agricul
tural science more needful than that of
the daiy, and it seems a great mistake
not to at once enlarge this department
of the college. It may be that some
plan is on foot to better matters, but
if so we have not heard of it. The pro
fessors that have the control of the
dairy work there must labor under
great disadvantages. We can only hope
that conditions will soon change for the
The Heos Shift for Themselves.
While many of our people are en
gaged in raising poultry, yet it is a sec
ondary consideration, and we have no
one here who makes it an exclusive
business. No special breed is raised,
some farmers preferring one breed and
some another. Most of the flocks arc
poorly provided with shelter, and are
largely compelled to shift for them
selves. Wheat and corn are the usual
feeds. Vincennes, Ind., and Chicago
are the principal shipping points. As
to eggs, generally we get a fair supply
as early as January. We lose some
fowl6 nearly every year from what is
known as chicken cholera.
Salt and Gypsum. Professor Iiob
eits in one experiment found that -in
sowing one bushel of salt and one
bushel of plaster upon an acre of
ground, that there was in solution with
in four inches of the surface, fifteen
tons of surplus water, which is a won
derful sight to be upou an acre of
ground in the first four inches, and that
is our- reason why we i-uu take salt aud
FARM AND GABD&N,
MATTERS : OP INTEREST tb
Bass tratbte Mtatt Akaat Calttira
t tsssi f IM aU aa iriaUas Tkaraaf
HleaUsu VKIcaltara a4 frfest-
S many of our
readers will soon be
selecting their po
tato seed, we pub
lish in full a recent
summary of tes(s
sent out from the
Ohio station. It
must be remember
ed that the yields
here obtained are
than could be got under the conditions
that exist on many farms.
Upward of seventy varieties of po
tatoes were grown by the Ohio experi
ment station in 1895 at the central sta
tion. The following list includes those
in which there is the most interest at
Variety per acre-
Carman No. 1 262
Carman No. 3 22
Clay Rose "
Early Norther 270
Early Harvest 290
Everitt's Six Weeks 202
Forest Rose 30
Irish Daisy 247
Maggie Murphy 238
Maule's Thoroughbred S57
Rural New Yorker No. 2 213
Sir William 308
Salzer's Earliest 7
Timpee's No. 4 223
Victor Rose 2
World's Fair 266
Average of all varieties tested, in
cluding those not reported here.. .259
The varieties which stood above the
average in all cases are Sir William,
Koskonong, Columbus and Irish Daisy.
Following closely are Forest Rose,
World's Fair, Early Harvest, Carman
No. 1, Nebula, Rural New Yorker 'No.
2, Timpee's No. 4, Early Norther, Vic
tor Rose, Clay Rose and Maggie Mur
phy, in the order named. All of the
varieties named are intermediate or
late except Early Harvest, Nebula and
Early Norther. Everitt's Six Weeks,
which is the same as the Early Ohio,
is slightly earlier than these, and less
prolific, while Salzer's Earliest, another
name for Bliss' Triumph, is still less
Banner. A good intermediate white
variety. Resembles the Rural New
Yorker No. 2 in both plants and tubers,
but is of distinct origin.
Carman Nos. 1 and 2. These are
both valuable midseason white sorts.
No. 1 seems to be more subject to
blight than No. 2 The latter is quite
resistant, but is not exempt from the
disease. No. 2 resembles the Rural
New Yorker No. 2 in tubers "and foli
age, but is probably more vigorous and
Clay Rose. An intermediate rose
colored variety; very vigorous in
growth, but only moderately prolific
and not specially promising.
Craig. Tested but one season. The
yield was small because of suscepti
bility to blight. It is a vigorous
grower and no doubt prolific under fa
Columbus. This variety has uni
formly given good yields here and at
the substations. It is a good keeper
and of good quality, but the general
appearance of the tubers is not pleas
ing, because of unevenness in size and
irregularity, besides they arc not of a
clear white color. Nevertheless it is a
Early Norther. This may be de
Fcribed as an improved Early Rose,
Wing similar to that variety in form
and color, but a better cropper. It has
given the best results in our various
tests of any variety of its class.
Early Harvest. At present this
stands at the head of the list of early
white varieties. It ripens with the
Everitt's Six Weeks. Not distin
guishable from Early Ohio.
Irish Daisy. Too large a per cent of
small tubers to be desirable, but it is
one of the most prolific.
Maggie Murphy, a coarse-looking,
pink potato and not of good quality un
less grown on sandy soil.
Maule's Thoroughbred. It gave a
high yield when grown on a small plot
and has been tested one season only.
It belongs to the rose class and seems
to be very promising, but more time is
needed in order to fully test its value.
Nebula. Similar to Early Norther.
Somerset. A midseason rose-colored
variety of considerable promise.
Sir William. Some have thought
that this variety has been overrated,
but at the station and substations it
has made a record second to none. It
easily ranks with the most prolific va
rieties and excels most of them in table
qualities. AH things considered it de
serves a place near the head of the
Victor Rose. A second early, rose
colored variety, of considerable merit,
principally because of the fine appear
ance of the tubers.
Wise. A very vigorous and prolific
pink-skinned variety, from Ashland
county, where it has a high reputa
tion. It has been tested here one sea
sononly, but appears to have more than
ordinary merit. Farmers' Review.
Michigan Hortlcaltaral Convention.
(Condensed from Farmers' Review
Prof. L. F. Taft spoke on irrigation.
In sub-irrigation, water has to be sup
plied slowly. The tiles used are bent,
and the joints do not thus fit closely.
This permits the water to escape from
the tiles more rapidly than it could
through the pores of the tiles. In sub
irrigation there is applied from 700 to
800 barrels of water per acre.
They had tested the effects of these
tiles on tomatoes when the tiles were
placed at different depths. The results
were about the same, but when sub-irrigation
was compared with surface irri
gation, the results were in favor of the
With beans, the results varied great
ly. By irrigating they had obtained 76
pounds of beans per square rod, while
without water the returns were only
17!4 pounds. Besides that the returns
from the 'watered portion were much
earlier than on the other, and if they
had been marketing them they would
have been able to get a better price for
these first ones. They picked 27 pounds
off the irrigated lot before any were fit
to be picked on the unlrrigated patch.
They had tried the effect of irrigating
the timothy field, and had put on water
at the rate of 1.000 barrels per acre,
the application being made but once.
J At Uarvcst Ume the difference waa very J
treat A leM that was irrigated three
tlmaa cave stalks of tlmnthv 3 feet
.. r t--; , - -
tavan . v . icvi o lUCUea in
height; the yield was
rate of 5,36 pounds per acre. The part
watered once gave 2,230 pounds, per
acre, while without water the yield was
800 pounds to tke acre. The cost of
pumping water was about 3 cents per
1,000 gallons. In sub-irrigation, great
care must be taken to lay the tile very
loosely, and too much water must not
be put on.
They had planted without regard to
irrigation a number of rows of early
peas, but when it came time to water
the other fields, they managed to dis
tribute the water over some of these
rows. The slope was about one foot
to every four rods. June 13 they picked
the first from the irrigated peas. With
water they had at the first picking 9
pounds, and without water 11 pounds.
This did not seem very favorable, but
they kept on, and the total harvest gave
54 pounds with water and without
water 21 pounds. The irrigated por
tion had yielded at the rate of 3,537
pounds per acre. The cost of watering
had been at the rate of $1.75 per acre.
They tried the effects of irrigation on
cabbages, and got three times the
weight with water that they did with
out it. With water applied to the po
tatoes four times, they got at the rate
of 130 bushels per acre over the un
watered lot. Applied three times the
gain was 60 bushels per acre, and twice
late in the season the gain was only 42
bushels to the acre. It is often said
that it is advisable to' wait till the
tubers form before applying the water,
but no difference was detected at this
If the soil be not moist at time oi
sowing the seed, provide the moisture
by applying the water in furrows four
feet apart made by a plow. The seed
may also be thoroughly soaked before
Second, never apply water to start the
seed after planting. In applying water
as directed, use from 500 to 1.000 bar
rels per acre. It was found at the sta
tion that 750 barrels gave the best re
sults. Again, in irrigating potatoes, avoid
running the water over the surface of
the ground, but have it directed into
Mr. Williams There arc several
kinds of irrigation in use. This vaca
tion of methods arises from difference
of conditions. Some of our Michigan
fruit growers will probably fail if they
try to use the same methods that are in
use in California and Dakota. I once
lived in a Dakota town that had an ar
tesian well. Water was struck at 1,145
feet, and the flow was strong. I had a
hydrant in my front yard, and with a
one-inch hose I could water my entire
lot My cistern was nearly ruined from
the seepage, and my present teuant
there writes that the cellar is being
flooded from a break in the main 25
feet away, while a neighbor's cellar is
overflowed by the seepage from an open
ditch on the opposite side of the road,
60 feet away. All this shows the char
acter of the soil, the seepage denoting
its intense porosity. Now, my experi
ence in Douglas, Michigan, is that the
soil is very different from that I have
described, and the seepage is very slow.
Sub-irrigation is good where it can be
used, but for general orcharding it is
too expensive, and I fear too that it
would be found that the roots of the
trees would penetrate the tile and fill
Draft Horse to the Front.
The revival of draft horse breeding
in the horse breeding states, after this
unprecedented decline in breeding for
three years, is simply the law of supply
and demand. The revival of business
and commercial industries calls for
more big draft horses, while the supply
of good horses is far short of the de
mand, and must be until we can pro
duce a new supply and mature them for
the markets. Prices meanwhile must
advance and the weights increase to
1,800 and 2,000 pounds, while in 1SI2
a 1,600 pound horse was a good draft
horse. Farmers have about concluded
that they will stick to the farm, and if
they farm draft horses arc the most
substantial, reliable and profitable
branch of stock breeding.
The revival of draft and coach horse
breeding throughout the Western states
means greater prosperity. Already
these horses top the markets, and the
many foreign buyers arc eagerly look
ing for the best of them, while our own
city markets complain of the short sup
ply, just when they want more of them
and a little larger and better than ever
before. Live Stock Journal.
Dairy Purpose The great principle
of dairying for butter is this: For
every ton of food used, produce the
largest amount of butter at the least
cost The nearer a dairyman attains
to this idea, the greater financial suc
cess he will achieve. This statement is
as old as the hills, and yet but few seem
to appreciate the importance of it. It
seems to me that the first idea a dairy
man should have is this: He has on his
ranch a certain amount of food which
he intends to convert into butter at the
least cost, and he intends to buy some
other kinds of food to be used for the
same purpose. He must use some sort
of machine, naturally, to turn all these
tons of grass, hay, bran, etc., into but
ter. What shall it be? A cow, or
course, for the machine; and as many of
these machines as his amount of feed
will warrant. Ex.
Should Be Tiled. Our garden plat
was originally the wettest, coldest piece
of land on the farm; by tile drainage
and manure we have got it into good
condition, but we have found that we
can work it much better during the
cropping season if it is fall plowed. If
not plowed till spring, some times it is
late before it dries out as it should, be
fore being plowed, as it id clay soil
heavily manured. Since we have been
fall plowing, we are troubled by hav
ing it pack and run together after hard
rains. Doubtless many others similarly
situated would be benefited by the like
practice of fall plowing. Ex.
Making Hotbeds. A hotbed, when
properly made, will hold heat a consid
erable time. Get good stable manure,
and if it be scarce, mix some leaves with
it. Stable manure and leaves make a
splendid and lasting bed, providing the
material is well packed down. Soil for
hotbeds ought to be prepared in the fall.
At this season, as a rule, everything is
frozen up. A liberal amount of old
decayed manure that is well rotted
down is just the thing to mix in with
the soil. Seeds will come up well in a
compost of this. Am. Gardening.
Best Fertilizer Professor Atwater
says: "Chemists cannot prescribe for
soils as doctors do for patients. Stable
manure is a complete fertilizer. It con
tains all the ingredients of plant food;
and its organic matter improves the
mechanical condition of the soil be
sides. It is a standard fertilizer, and
useful everywhere. To learn by what
artificial fertilizer this can be supple
mented in any given case, is, as I have
often insisted, best settled by experi
ence aud experiment." I
A single swallow, according to an au-
thority, can devour 6,000 flies in a day.
. Mrtm clTrtMl4 w-lt;fc, it r0mm
I n i v.. T, .. .
i reopie woo Knew r ranees foiaeas as
slight vonir achaol Hi-l anri ti.k
enjoyed the privilege of seeing- her
since are not altogether prepared for
the development which has takes place
since her marriage. Mrs. Cleveland has
acquired additional weight almost im
perceptibly, but none the less surely.
It does not detract in the slightest de
gree from her charming presence. Some
of her most intimate friends have been
particularly curious of late to know
how much she actually weighed, but
they were not altogether prepared for
the statement Mrs. Cleveland made the
other day to one of her friends that she
now tipped the scales at exactly ISHi
pounds. Chicago Times-Herald.
Stop a small malady, which is .tealins
your strength, before it outrun-; your power
lo arrest It. and recover what It took from
yon. The safest and promptest recuper
ator of waning vitality is liostetter's Stom
ach Hitters, which renew vigor, Hesh and
nerve quietude because it restore activity
to those f mictions whose interruption inter
feres with general health. U-e the Hitters
for dvpcD-.ia. malarial, rheumatic and kid
ney complaints aud.billloustics.
If your friends don't treat you right eat
FATTEKINO ZIUCS COSTS OSE CENT
The editor recently heard of a farmer
fattening hogs at less than one cent a
pound. This was made possible through
the cowing of Salzer's King Barley,
yielding over 100 bu. per acre. Golden
Triumph Corn, yielding 200 bu. per
acre, and the feeding on Sand Vetch,
Teosinte, Hundredfold Peas, etc. Now.
with such yields, the growing of hogs is
more profitable than a silver mine.
baizei s catalogue is full of rare
tnings for the farmer. irnlnir nn.l rlt-
lzen, and the editor believes that it
would pay everybody a hundred-fold to
get Salzer's catalogue before purchas
ir yoa will rat this ont and sand :t
with 10 cents postage to the John A.
Salzer Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis., they
will mail you their mammoth seed cata
logue and 10 samples of grasses and
grains, including above corn and bar
ley. Catalogue alone, 5c postage.
. w n
Sunflower stalks are now converted into
liegeman' t'Manpbor leo with) OljrcariM.
Curr Cha npl Ha n J ami F:ie Tender or n Keel,
Chilblains, l'llZte. CO. Clark Cfc.NeT Haven. Ct.
1 he tuau who (niarre!s with his lot makes
It the llaby ts Cattiag Teetn.
Sesure ami uet hat ol'j and well-tried remedy, Mes.
IVlnsloWs Soirnn.v-. Sinir for Children Toethinc-
lfmencouM realize the imjortance of
hones-ty, all men would ha honest.
"Brown's Huonc iiiai. Tkociies'" are unri
vnied for relieving Coughs, Hoarseness and
nil Throat Trouble-!. Sold onlv in boxes.
Every man feels sorry for the victim of
;on:e other man's injustice.
Aerve ICestorcr. JioKitsartrrthetirst.lavSusn.
Marwluuscurv. Treatr-eamlSZtrialLotllrre t
Billiard table, second-hand, for sale
cheap. Arplv to or address, H.C. Akiv,
.11 S. 3::th St., Omaha, Nebu '
Hosts of people go to work In
cue -wrong: way to cure a
S--St. Jacobs Oil
I Best Quality! I
I Largest Size ! I
I Lowest Price! I
W I I I f I Bk VatsaSWBBSSBSsVaCstaSKa-BBSSBSSBl
bbBsbBsbBsbBsbBsbBsbBsbBsbSsbBsBF'' aVsbVSBbV BbW bBsbBsbBsbH
bBsbBsbBsbBbbBsbBsbBsbBsbBsbBSF aVsaSsaSsa SaSsa BF A bbSsbSsbSSbI
waWaWaWaWaWaWaUMw- cBBSSBrSsaSSBSSBSSBVaaaBSaaSsa aBBBBSSBrl
bSsbSsbSsbSsbSsbsFV r"B I H I VsbSbSsbSsI
bbSbSsbSbSbSsbK VFSSr SbSsbSbSbL J I BbSsbtbSsbI
LsbSbSsbSbSsbSsF-' aSSBSaSSBSaaS--- v aaR-A b1 -
BbVbVbVbbVbVbbVbVbbVbVbbVbVbbT aIbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbbAA. vu"V Wtfl WMmW m m
bSbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbbT bSbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbSbbSbSbVw V VV rH
RbVbVSbVbVSbVT'' BVSBVBVSBVBVSBVsf t' 1 S
bbVbVbbVbVbbVbVbbVbVbbVbVbbbSbbVbVbbVbVbbVbVbbVB v, BbB
9 llrl bbbWbbSsT I Wm9m9Mm1mr''&2a V'
t Itwoift Vff
a nuj5aELJil Cj fife
a JfoMl 1 VWysssr-
v)izizn i u-
Q MNUrCTUHEOONLY IT ALABASTINE CO.. GRAND RAPIDS. MICH.&
FIELD AND HOC
26. iiti, -42, BO. or US inchea high. Qutthty and workniHnship the bast.
tfotiung on the market to oompure with it. Writu foi- Sun ii.rorniutxon
UNION FJfCE COMPANY, DE KALB, ILL.
i Sarsaparilla r
Sis the original Sarsaparilla, tiie
standard of the world. Others 1
shave imitated the remedy., s
5 They can't imitate the record:
1 50 Years of Cures!
ASK YOUR DEALER FOR
W. L. Douclas
3. SHOE "oJ.Id'
If yoU pay M to for shoe?, c- a -amine
the W. I.. Doughs Slioe, ami r
see w hat a gcotl slu j ou can buy for P
OVER IOO STYLES AND WIDTHS,
antl LACK, matlo In all
kinds of the '-t nHrt'tetl
leathrr ly skilled work
manufacturer in the world.
Xon? genuine unles nami and
price is !tsmpcd oa the bottom.
"Ask jotir dealer for our S."J.
aVl. S33.rt, SVJ.50. Si;.'-'.-. Iioo;
9SJM, mt and SI. 15 for lxi.
r TKE HO SUBSTITUTE. If jourdcaler
"' ?i'l" ." ".. '
tory,tnclo,ing price and yi cents
mpay carnage, oiaie kiihi.siic
of toe (cap or plain), .size and
width. hir Cutom IXpt. w ill till
your order. Send for new Illus
trated Catalogs to Uo It.
W. L. DOUGLAS, Brockton, Mass.
rtlnatrated catalceno showinir WELL
ACGXKS.BOCK UKIMS. I! YDKAUUU
AMI JETTIKU JUAUUIMfcKY. etc
bbht rasa, usre Deon teeteti ana
Sloax City Engine and Iron Works
Successors to 1'ech M(. Co.
ftlomx City. Iowa.
TUE ROWTlX.t CI!E M tCIIINERT CO .
1111 Wet KIeient Mrert, Kqm- fltr J.
Clnntn and txraatiiw the hIc
Fromotrs a Iniunant erowth.
Meter Falls to Restore Ony
Cttrn Klp ditratra A balr taliinr.
WE HAVE NO agents.
Mimerat vrhile-ae prlt.
shiMnji vi h-r-fur nomin
ation liefore ale. KYt-rv-
lhlnir warranted. tOOntrlr
Huar.. 1 1 tvi.!i LUtag l-
lillr. Urltr fnrrataloKiir.
KlaHART CJKimt.K MK.
XISS JUU. lO., KLklLtRT.
W. B. Prtt, Sevy. 1SB.
raOIaf IV YahlHstOH, .;
iccessfuliy Prosecutes Claims.
Principal Efltminer U B. Pension Iiurenu.
ubutHttr, lJuiUutlitutuigcIaini.att Mute.
1 LaBafafifetaBVKBsB!PF I
1 xAiy VaVsJ Yx
I aJaafW " -
laV VU - IJi
Wall fapcr is UisaiRary.
Kalsomiie is tem-
TUT BnrrnM n ,
i formsapHrearxI psntuHsesitcoatinr and rtnef
'not require to be taken off to renew from time
to time. Is a dry powder. The latest make A
beintr adapted to mix. readv for ns with V
Cold Water. Can be easily brushed on by any
one. .Made in white and twelve fashionable A
tints. ALABASTINE is adapted to aM styles
of plain and relief decorating. S
ask tout run sealer for cars of tints. 2
Haat far safe sayoar town, write as for -aatr afA
i ii I .
) r-V- '-"""Vii ' ',"""' iimiibSsbI
" soaessiKsaisa--- " ' " " rsagCTnrnaia3EBggS ggjagSaaBiaSsaTafM
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yaW pnajBMSMf i.s.1 aTaayg