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HOUSE PASSES THE ARMY
By Majority of Forty-Three.
MODIFIED IN YARIOUS WAYS.
Important Changes Had to Be Made to
Allay Opposition Among Republi?
cans -Cummings Vainly Attemps to
Add an Amendment Providing That
the Army Should Not Be Employed
to Quell Riots in States Unless
Called for by Governors.
Washington, January 31.?The bill to
reorganize and increase the standing army
to about 100,000, men, but giving the
President the authority to reduce the size
of infantry companies and cavalry troops
to sixty men each, thus fixing a minimum
of about 50,000 enlisted men, passed the
House today by a vote ofltiS to 125.
This was the result of a week of hard and
often picturesque fighting on the floor,
during the progress of which theopposition
compelled those in c harge of the measure
to give this discretionary authority to the
President and to make other modifications,
among which were a reduction of 331 in
the number of stad officers. In conse?
quence of thete modifications the Repub?
lican opposition practically vanished, and
on the final vote but six Republicans voted
against the bill, Messrs. Barber [Md].,
Connolly [Ills]., Loud [California], John?
son, [Ind.], McEvvan, [N.J.] and Wads
worth [New York]. This Republican de?
fection was, however, almost offset by five
members of the political opposition who
voted in favor of the bill. Messrs. Berry
[Kentucky], McCienilan [N. Y]. McAleer
[Penna].. Taylor [Ala]., Democrats, and
SkinWer [Populist, [N. C.].
The galleries were crowded thronghout
the day and every member that could pos?
sibly be heard was on the floor to record
bis vote on the final roll call.
DUST OF COLUMBUS.
Said to Be in the Hands of Private Par?
ties in America.
Sioux City, Iowa, Jan. 30.?According to
J. S. Browning, of Sioux City, of the bu?
reau of awards during the World's Fair,
the dust of Columbus is in private hands i
"One of the best known collectors of
curioe in America," he declares, '"has the
remains. He bought them of a Spaniard. I
who approached him with such a propo- I
sition during the World's Fair. The
price paid was $5,000. The dust is either
in New York or Washington."
WONDERFUL GOLD DISCOVERY.
Worth $500,000 a Ton Discovered in
Denver, Col, Jan. 31.?A special to the
News from Cripple Creek, Col., says of
the recent strike in Isabelle Ground.
"Your correspondent saw chunks of syl
vanite that were three inches thick and
solid metal, and chunks of the oxidized
ore of the same width, that he whittled
with his .pocket-knife. No assays have
been made on the rock ; it is not necssary,
but pieces of the free gold ore, if ore it can
be called at all, run over $500,000 per ton.
"Manager Kilburn said : 'I do not
like to eay anything that will excite the
people any more than they are at present.
The metalic ore body has doubled in size
both ways since yestardy morning. Some
of the pieces of ore are 80 per cent gold.
I never saw such mineral, and I do not
believe that its like was ever mined in this
or any other camp in the world.'
?'Armed guards are watching the pro?
perty. The strike was made in the new
ore body at a depth of S20 feet below the
surface. There is at least blocked out in
one level, beneath the ninth and seventh
levels, $5,000,000 worth of ore."
GEN. EAGAN'S TR*lAL
ItJVill Take Three Days to Review the
Evidence in His Case.
Washington, Jan. 30.?The record of
the court-martial of General Lagan was
transmitted by the judge advocate to Gen?
eral Lieber for review.
After the secretary of war had read it
he sent it to Lieber, who announced this
morning that he expected it would take
three days to examine it.
General Eagan came to the war depart?
ment to-day in civilian dress.
An Engineering Feat.
.Richmond, Va., January 00.?The Mil?
ler Manual School, in Albemarle county,
one the largest and most prosperous in?
stitutions of the kind in the South, has re?
cently accomplished one the most inter?
esting engineering feats that has been at?
tempted in Virginia for some time. This
school, which was provided for in the will
of the late Sam?l Miiler, of Albemarle, is
located near Greenwood depot, at the foot
of the mountains in that county. Until
recently all of the machinery used in the
various shops in the institution was
driven by steam engine?. Mr. Vawter,
the principal of the school, conceived the
idea of converting the old stream on the
top of the mountains into motive power to
take the place of steam. A reservoir was
constructed with a capacity of 10,000,000
gallons, and into this the stream was di?
verted. The water is brought down from
the reservoir to the work shops in
fceavy iron pipes, The elevation gives a
Q?. of 250 feet, the highest fall used for
manufacturing purposes, propably, in Vir?
ginia. The turbine wheel, which is pro?
pelled by this stream, furnishes motive
power for generating electricity, which
furnishes the motive power for driving all j
the machinery. '
BUTLER ON CUBANS.
J i hey Will in Time Be Capable ofSelf
Washington, D. C, January 30.?Gen?
eral M. C. Butler was given a hearing by
the Senate Committee on Military affairs
today in regard to affaire in Havana,
where be lias been recently stationed as
one of the Evacuation Commission. He
gave a detailed account of the recent
clashes in that city between the Spanish
soldiers and the Cubans. He expressed
the opinion that Genera) Brook's order
forbidding participation in the evacuation
ceremonies by the Cubans was a necessary
precaution, and that ifit had not been is?
sued there would have been trouble. The
Spanish residents were exceedingly ner?
At the time, he thought the Cubans
should be treated liberally and allowed to
participate to a considerable extent in the
conduct of public affaires. lie believed
that the Cuban soldiers under American
command could be utilized in main?
taining order even among the Cubans.
He dwelt at some length on the excess*
sive taxes imposed under the old system.
General Butler expressed the opinion
that in time the Cuban people would be
capable of self-goverment, but that they
should be given an opportunity to quiet
down and get used to a more liberal ad?
ministration than they had ever known.
He said in reply to a question from Se?
nator Carter, that a census of the Cubans
would be advisable.
The High School.
On Monday the second term of the
Hieb School began. The preceding week
had terminated the public school term.
Tuition will nave to be paid for all pupils
who attend the school the second term.
There was a good attendance and enroll?
ment the lirst day, nearly one hundred
pupils being placed on the roll.
Miss Loa Couliing, who has been teach?
ing a private school, has been added to
:he faculty of the High School, and Prof.
Poindexter will not remain. He has ac?
cepted a position in the office of a large
business house at Chattanooga, Tenn.,
lod will leave immediately to assume its
Miss Ella Bowen will continue to teach
in the school during the present term, and
dso Miss Nannie Francis as at present ad
rised. Mrs. Keba ilall has already gone
:o Iaeger, W. Va., wnere Mr. Ball is em?
The prospects of the school are quite
lattering for this term.
On last Thursday a very frightful and
ferious runaway took place on the road
eading to Liberty Hill about two mile8
vest of town. A man by the name of
Dudley Uarrold, who had been living at
ilen Lyn, in Giles county, was taking his
amily to Thompson Valley, for the pur?
pose of making his future residence there,
fdc was driving a two horse wagon, in
ivhich were his wife and several children.
kVhen he got near the residence of Mr.
Thomas Hawkins, Jr., in some way, the
Midle slipped oil'the head of one of the
lorses and the animal at once became un
nanageble. Mr. Harrold jumped out to
ry to get at the head of the horses but
vas knocked down by a front wheel of the
,vagon and the horses began to run. They
an on by the home of Capt. J. S. Peery,
ind were not stopped until they got nearly
:o the top of the hill west of Capt. Peery's
?esidence. During the running Mrs. Har?
rold and her live months' old infant were
;hrown from the wagon, aleo a child about
Tour years old. The infant was very ser
ously injured by concussion and for some
tiours afterward suffered with convul?
sions. The little four year old boy had his
eft arm badly fractured between the simul?
ier and elbow. Dr. J. IL Crockett was
sent for and rendered the necessary surgic
\l anil medical attention. One child re?
named in the wagon until the horses were
stopped, and, of course, escaped without
On the 25th of January, 1899, at 8 p. m.
at the residence of YV. M. Gregory, Mr.
Samuel Austin Leflel, of Shawver Mills,
and Miss Minnie II. Waddle: of Ceres,
Bland county, Va., were united in matri?
mony, Rev. D. A. Leffel, brother of the
On Januaiy the 25th, 1899, at 11 p. m.,
at the home of the bride's parents, Mr.
H. G. Spratt, of Liberty Hill, and Miss
Sarah A. D. Shawver, of Shawver Mills,
were united in marriage, Kev. D. A. Leflel
Knights of Pythias.
On Tuesday night of last week, the 21th
ult., a Knights of Pythias lodge was organ
i/sed^'at this place to be kuo vn as "Tazewell
Lodge, No. 100, K. of P." It was organized
by Pocahontas Lodge, No. GO. The fol?
lowing were elected ollicers of the Tazewell
Ivodge: IL F. Peery, C. C; R. F. Steele,
V. C; C. J. Gardner, Prelate; 0. W.
Steele, M. at A.; R. H. Ireson, M. of P.;
J. W. Whitley, M. of E.; J. B. Crawford,
K. of R. and S.; J. W. Portis, M. of W.;
H. P. Peerv and J. W. Whitley, P. Cs.
We are informed the organization starts
out with most favorable prospects, and we
hope it will meet with great success.
Tazewell Ixnlge will hold its meetings in
the I. O. O. P. hall.
Funeral of Dr. Estili.
The remains of Dr. J. M. EstiII arrived
at Tazewell on the noon traiu last Thurs?
day, and were taken to the residence of
Mr. I. E. Chapman, where they were kept
until 2:30 that day, and then taken to the
Presbyterian church, where funeral ser?
vices were held, conducted,!)}" Kev. W. W,
Ruff, assisted by Rev. J. S. French. The
church was filled with the friends and ac?
quaintances of the deceased. At the con?
clusion of the services at the church the
body was taken to the old cemetery for
interment. The active pall bearers were
Drs. R. B. Gillespie, C. T. St. Clair and
J. II. Crockett, and Messrs. J. D. Alex?
ander, John Brittain and J. W. Spotts.
Quite a large number of persons accompa?
nied the remains to the cemetery to wit?
ness the interment of the venerable man
who had for so many years served this
LETTER FROM CUBA.
A Soldier Boy From Southwest Virginia
Writes of What He Has Seen
and is Doing.
From the Pcarisburg Virginian.
Mansaniilo de Cuba Province,
Santiago de Cuba, Dec. 2G, 1S?8.
ft has been some time since I wrote to
your paper for its readers to see what we
are doing, but time has been very pre?
cious with us since we arrived in tiiis new
teriitory of the U. s. I have hardly had
time to write to friends and home folks.
We sailed from Fernandina, Fla., on
the 12th of October, and after live days on
board the Romanian, dropped anchor in
Manzaniilo harbor. The water being too
shallow for us to reach the dock we were
compelled to land with lighters, which
took some time. We went Straight to the
Spanish barracks, which were in very good
condition, but we have made and are still
making numerous improvements on them.
The barracks are situated on a hill im?
mediately in rear of city, fronting the bay,
and ten minutes walk brings us to the bay
where we can indulge in the luxury of a
salt water bath. Our voyage was very
tiresome, owing to the scarcity of room,
otherwise we would have had a pleasant
trip as the sea was perfectly calm, after we
crossed the Gulf Stream, which is always
The manners and customs of the people
are very interesting. The natives are
small, very dark, with large black eyes,
sec well into their heads, black hair and
round faces. The majority of the girls are
very beautiful when in full dress and faces
powdered. This powder they use very
extravagantly. The lower classes do not
think that clothing adds anything to their
beauty, consequently nature is unadorned '
until they are well up in years, ami as it
requires more or less exertion to dress and
undress daily, this they are absolutely op?
posed to. Their clothing, which tits them
loosely, is made of very thin material, is
manufactured in Spain. The same mate- '
rial is worn by both sexes. The Cubans do
their work early and late in the day, and
during the hot hours they seek the shade,
which they are specially fund of, for they
are very lazy, and the extent of their am- ,
bltion is to own a pony, a machete and a
dog. The Spanish laws were very severe ,
on the people, especially when a fellow .
wanted to marry, he had to pay ,
for his license, consequently there was (
very little marrying. The peoide have
very little or no education. They speak
the Spanisli language, but very imperfect- f
ly, so I am told by the Spaniards here who ,
are the best people. As to the houses, i
they are made of rocks and cement and ,
covered with palm leaves or branches and (
have one room to the house,with only a dirt |
lloor, no furniture or bed, maybe a few |
boxes which may contain food or clothes. |
They eat very little, only one meal a day,
and that is dinner, which is served at 7
p. m. They live mostly on fruit which is
to be had the year round. The one thing
about the houses which strikes us with j
wonder is the very large number of people
who live in one of them. I do not believe
I exaggerate when 1 say that as many as ?
one hundred people live in one house.
The Spaniards are a much better class of
people in every way. Their houses are
made of cement and sea shells, walls very
thick, covered with tiles or terra cotta, and
the flours are made of the same material
and resemble marble. The Spaniards
own most of tiie land and cultivate it to a
poor extent. Sugar cane and tobacco are
their chief crops.
As to the city, it is a beautiful site for a
town, and if the Americans have it long it
will be beautiful. The houses, as I have
described, are very close together, with no
openings except the doors and windows.
The doors are double, about three inches
thick, the windows extend from the floor
to the roof and are protected by upright
iron bars about four inches apart and no
glass, but have heavy board shutters open?
ing inward. The streets are very narrow
and the sidewalks ire just wide enough
for one person. In the center of the town
is a plaza, or public square, which is per?
fectly grand. It has two walks, running
east and west and north and south, form?
ing a cross. Just at this cross is a beautiful
fountain pouring forth streams of water,
and uetween these walks are all kinds of
tropical flowers, including the fig and co
coanut. Every night the people congre?
gate at this fountain and parade around
it, while their band plays for them.
There is a dance somewhere in the town
every night. The dance begins about 11
p. m. and lasts until about 2 a. m. The
band is cc mposed of two instruments, a
bund organ and a kettle drum. The
above cross is an emblem uf their religion,
as the natives are all catholics.
The southern coa3t of Cuba is moun?
tainous, beginning at the winward passage
and following the coast, but at this point
they drop off, leaving a scope of level
land fifteen or twenty miles wide that
seems to be very fertile and productive.
The timber on this scope consists of palm,
cocoanut, lemon, orange and fig trees. In
the mountains you find rosewood and ma?
hogany. There is consideable game in the
mountains, consisting of deer, wild
guineas, pheasants, quail and wild pigeons.
Around the swamps and along the rivers
we find thej crocodiles in great quantities,
and birds of brilliant plumage, parrots,
mocking birds and nightingales in great
1 will now return to our regiment, which
is improved very much in health in the
last month. We sleep in hammocks.
There is one pole running the full length
of the house which is about 200 feetlone,
and all the hammocks are tied to it, and
it acts like a spring pole, when one man
turns over every fellow shakes! Oh! it is
very pleasant to be rocked to sleep. We
drill two hours a day and most of that is
skirmishes. On Christmas Eve we had a
sham battle. One battalion got into one
of the Spanish block-bouses, and one bat?
talion charged on it. The one that had
the brick-house was dressed in blue, re?
presenting the Americans, the other dress?
ed in khake, representing the Spaniards.
Co. M. were the Spaniards. Whenever a
man got his head up too high he was fired
at until the command was given to charge,
then the fun began. All had their bay?
onets out and running at full tilt over
WELL, VA., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 2,
ditches or intrenchmenta, dug from eight
to ten feet deep, and wire fences around
the ditches with one gate and bridge
? The Americans ran to protect the bridge
I and pate, and Co. If. crossed tiie ditch
es in the rear under Capt. Preston and
captured the house, which wits so decided
by the reviewing officer. I had charge of
a section protecting the left Hank of the
dring line, consequently was not in the en?
gagement. No one killed, as it happened,
and only a few wounded, and they were
I will try to write you again in the near
future, when I have a chance to see the
interior of the island. The Giles boys are
very anxious to see their friends and pa?
rents, and to get something good to eat,
for we are being very poorly fed now.
When we eat there is always a flock of star?
ving Cuban children around, and when?
ever we take a bite they take a swallow,
and one boy always has to stand guard
lor the rest to eat, or the buzzards would
fake us. Ward Skeens usually is detailed
to do this. Kemper Kelly says this has
been the longest Summer he ever spent, it
has been Summer ever since he left home.
Wishing you a successful New Year.
W. Ckcil Painter, Sgt.,
Co. M. 4th U. S. V
From Col. Thomas L. Preston.
Mr. Louis A. Witz, a member of the
Staunton bar, died Saturday night at
Aiken, S. C, where he went with his sis?
ter, Miss Rosa Witz, a few weeks ago in
quest of health.
At Fippos, sawmill, in Hanover county,
Friday afternoon, the boiier exploded.
John Robinson, George Covington and a
negro named Frank Allen were killed and
James Gatewood, Milton Page and Wash?
ington Taylor badly injured. It is thought
Taylor will die.
Near Edgewood, six miles north of Mar
tinsville, about 7 o'clock Saturday night,
Jno. Leslow, a white man, of Spray, N. C,
was struck by a southbound Norfolk A
Western train and instantly killed: his
body was brought here.
Judge Robert C. Jackson of the Wythe
Circuit Court, has granted a charter to the
Virginia Coal and Iron Company, of which
Ueorge L. Carter, of Pulaski city, is presi?
dent. The charter permits the company
to issue bonds to the amount of 810,000,
Mr. CharleJ Broadway Rouss has pre?
sented the employes of one of the Win
?hester dailies with a library, containing
many useful works, among them being a
jopy of the Bible, with a number of rules,
if which he is the originator, copied on a
Jyleaf. Mr. Rouss gives them for the edi
ication and profit of all who may peruee
Don't Tobacco Spit and Snioltc Your Life Away.
To quit tobacco easily and forever, be mac
netic. full of life, nerve and vigor, take No-To
U:ic, the wonder-worker, that makes weak men
strong. All druggists, 50c or $1. Cure guaran?
teed. Booklet and sample free. Address
Sterling Uemedy Co., Chicago or New York.
University of Virginia,
January 31st, 1899.
Wm. C. Pendleton, Esq.,
Editor and Proprietor of Tazkwell
Republican, Tazewell, Va.
My attention was called to an article in
your issue of Jan'y. 215th, headed "'Dis?
covery of New River,'' and in it is an error
in date. I am sure that Col. A. J. May
has also unintentionally made a mistake
both in date and history. It is true that
Dr. Thomas Walker crossed New River in
1748 ?n Iiis way to Cumberland River and
Cumberland Gap, but it was under the
leadership of Col. James Patton.
This first pioneer expedition was organ?
ized near Waynsboro, in Augusta county,
at Col. Patton's residence, and coneisted
of John Buchanan, son-in-law of Col.
Patton; Charles Campbell, brother-in-law
of John Buchanan; Dr. Thomas Walker;
and William Wood, of Albermarle; and a
company of hunters and axmen.
In a paper written for the Daughters of
the Revolution and published in the Ameri.
can Monthly Magazine of January, 1897 j
I give an account of this expedition and
under what auspices .Col. Patton named
Walker's Mountain, Cumberland mountain
and Cumberland River.
In 1749 Col. Patton revisited that coun?
try and bought the settlers right to a tract
of land called "Sapling Grove" from one
Taylor, assigned it to John Buchanan, who
surveyed it in 1749.
In the same year, in company with Wil?
liam Ingles, he visited Burks Garden.
(See Dr. John P. Hales Trans-Alleghany
Settlers, page 252.). They took up land on
Peak Creek and Burks Garden in 1753,
(see page 124 T. A. S. by J. P. H.). James
Burk came there in 1754 "from Ingles
Ferry, was the first settler, as elsewhere
stated and gave the place, his name and |
Mrs. Letitia FJoyd-, who was the grand
niece of Col. James Patton, and whose
husband, Governor John Floyd, was his
great grand son, gives a different account
of the naming of Burks Garden. She said
that Burk was of the party of surveyors |
who, under the authority of Col. Patton,
were the first to go there for surveying the
land taken up by Col. Patton. Burk,
struck with the fertility of the soil planted
the peelings of the potatoes that were of
their commissary stores, saying, as he did
so, that it would be seen on their return
what a tine crop he would gather. This
was in the Spring of the year (perhaps
1750). On their return in the Fall of the
same year the potatoes were dug, and so re?
markable was the yield and quality that the
beautiful valley was called Burks Garden.
These facts I give Mr. Editor for the J
benefit of my many friends of years gone
by, and whose descendants still reside in
that picturesque country.
Yours very respectfully and truly,
Titos. L. Preston.
P. S. I omitted to state that I have a
copy of Dr. Thomas Walker's diaiy of his
expedition in 1750, and that Dr. lohn P.
Hale gives the history of the discovery of j
T. L. P.
THE SIZE OF
Varies in different stores. In one store
it will buy a pretty good coat for a man,
while in the same store at some other time
it will not pay for the trimmings used to
We preach the plan of selling clothes at
a small profit, and we've preached it so
long that we believe in it?and we know
it's right. This week, to add to our bank
account, and take as little as possible from
yours, we will offer : 32 men's cutaway
frock coats, Cassimeres, Kerseys and
Worsteds, dark colors, sizes 34 to 38 at
only $2.50 each, that are worthy your at?
tention if you think that much of your?
self, and of keeping your bank account fat.
If you do not need the coat now, you will
later, but then we won't have them to
offer at $2.50. See?
Harrisson & Gillespie
Sour Pickles, Sweet Pickles, Mixed
Pickles, Plain Pickles, Pickles in
Bottles and Bulk.
You can find out all about the
quality and variety of our stock of
Pickles easy enough.
Come and examine; or let us send
samples to your house. If you are
not pleased with them, send them
TOMATO CATSUP }
j PREPARED MUSTARDj
USTON & SONS,
Leading Retailers of
The Best Flour
Ariel tl ic Cl iefjpowt
tl it: 0<_-l<-rU>incited
It is pure, straight Flour. Why eat impure flour
ivhen you can get the best so cheap?
The Leading Pianos
Of the World:
FACTORY PRICES. EASY PAYMENTS.
HAMILTON & JENKINS,&le & w. v.
The time for PLOWING is here. We
have in stock ready for delivery
200 Hillside Plows. Style?16
in Sizes No. 1, No. I2, No. 2 and No. 3.
50 Level Land Plows
in Sizes corresponding with their
No. 40 and No. 20.
iVe have also a large stock of repairs for the above Plows. If your merchant does not I
keep the above, write us direct.
THISTLE PLOW AND FOUNDRY 00.,
GRAHAM, VA. .
Is ii dreadful
Disease, and is
Of the throat and
The disease must
Be cured or the
Child may be lost.
To prevent croup
Use La noon's
E X FECTORA NT,
Which is made up
Directly on the
Entirely and at
The same time
L'p the bronchial
Do not delay,
But buy a bottle
Of La noon's
" Ozo "
And be ready for
A large bottle
The Pharmaceutical Economist.
F. P. LAN DON, Ph. G.
S "He fills the Prescriptions."
Not later than February 8th
I will move my residence from
Tazewell, and request that all
customers who have watches,
jewelry, etc., in my shop for
repair, to please call before
above date arid receive same.
I wish also to announce to
those who have so generously
patronized me that I am grate
full for the assistance thus
shown me; and shall remem?
ber them among many other
Tazewell people who have so
kindly favored me.
A number of our Democratic contem?
poraries in Virginia are advocating the
election of United States Senators by the
people, urging as a reason therefor the
corrupt methods that are now used to se?
cure elections by State Legislatures. We
would like for some of them to explain
the moral difference between buying a
seat from a Legislature and securing it by
all manner of frauds upon the ballot box.
There may be a moral distinction, but it
will be hard to prove.
They say tnat "Bryan is wedded to frte
silver." This is not the first instance of a
man being wedded to folly.
The Wytheville "Dispatch" says:
"The framers of the Constitution woutd
blush with shame if they could see how
the matchless instrument which they de?
vised is being distorted to allow the pur?
chase of seata in the United States Sen?
ate." It says that the occurrences in the
Legislatures of Pennsylvania and other
States is a strong argument in favor of the
election of Senators by the people. What
about the occurrences in the Legislature
that elected Tom Martin U. S. Senator
from Virginia ? Will the Dispatch scratch
off tue while wash that was applied to
Ex-Governor Culberson, of Texas, has
been elected by the Legislature of that
State to the United States Senate to suc?
ceed Roger Q. Mills. The latter gentle?
man was opposed to free silver and Bryan
ism, and was cast aside for the young
champion of the modern Democracy that
fights under the Populist flag.
An ice trust to include all the big ice
harvesters in the United States, according
to the Chicago "Chronicle," is about to
be formed. We reckon they rant to
freeze the small harvesters out.