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title: 'Virginia citizen. (Irvington, Va.) 1891-1921, November 30, 1900, Image 1',
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k Weekly Jou^al^vBle^lheJptefests ot tancaslet County in Particulat; Ihe northern Wecx and Rappahannock Valley in General, and the World at large.
IRVINGTON, VIRGINIA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1900.
Tbe use of Lord's Netliag is stead
ily increasiug in the (Jheaapeake
13ay tisheries. Write for prices and
H. & C. W. LORD, BOSTON, MASS.
WHY NOT TRY
FRANK D. WATKINS & G0?
409 E. Pratt St., BALTIMORE, MD.,
SASH, FRAHES, HANI> ir \ 1 i.s.
I>OOBS, MANTELS, swviD aud
BLINDS, MOULDING8, TURNED WORK,etc.
ALL KINDS at LOW PRICES. ODD WOttK made PriOMPTLY.
Carter's Oil Clothing
WO0NS0CKET AND BOSTON RHODE ISLAND AND BAT STATE
BOOTS AND SHOES. BOOTS AND SHOES.
UOODYEAR GLOTE COMPANY'S OOODS.
MGNTAGUE & BUNTING,
Rubber Goods and Oil Clothing,
17 Commercial Place, - - NORFOLK, VA.
C. A. NASH & SON,
21, 23 and 25 Atlanlic St., NORFOLK, VA.
FRANK T. CLARK & CO., LTD?
(SuccesMora to Cooke, Clark & Co.)
SASH, DOORS and BLINDS,
Mouldings Stair Work,
Porch Trimmings, Tiling and Qrates,
Hardwood and Slate Mantels,
rine Builder's Hardware, Paints, Oils and Glass,
Building Material of Every Description.
28 Commercial Place,
49 Roanoke Avenue,
3STORKOI.3S. . YA>
JNO. R. NEELY,
Wbolcsale and Retail Dcalor in
Doors, Sash, Biinds, Moulding,
Paints, OUs, Varnish, and Builders* Hardware.
Slate and Hardwood Mantels,
Rooflng and Sheeting Paper, etc.
"ear Ferryi Gorner Queen and Water Streets
JOHN V 1IAKT.
II. I? VTATT8.
P. O. Boi, gj^
oi.n i'iionk, 2i(j3,
WKW PHONE, QQS.
HART & WATTS
(Successors to Jno. N. Hart.)
WHOLE8ALE and UKTAIL
Flooring, Celllng, Latbs,
Cyprees and Pine Weather
boards, Shingles, Chestnut
and Cedar Posts, White Pine,
Poplar, A8h, Oak, Walnut,
WIndow and Door Prames,
Store Fronts and Fixtures,
Mouldinga, Braekets, Newels,
Coluuins, Balustrades, Mantels,
Turned Work, etc.
Hlffh, < hfstniit and Queen Streets, PORTSMOUTH, VA.
MONUMENTS AND GRAVESTONES.
We pay the freigbt, and
guarantce safe delivery.
Largest Stock in the South.
Illustrated Catalogue Free.
THE COUPER MARBLE WORKS,
159, 161 and 163 Bauk St., NORFOLK, \\.
FOU NTAI N
Pratt and Calvert
Hoorns, fiOc., 75c.
and $1 per day.
Board and room,
$1.60 per day.
notks. |mii?\ swoet and dellahtfully en
chantintr captlvuto tlu- oar. It N this" very
charui oi touo that niosi ?listirit'uisho*
And makcs them the favorlte home instru
BMOBa, Slniroi-s areffac *hcm as ncoompcni
mente, and for IntM ruimniui mualc, b*>th pojv
ulwr and clawicai. they are UDCXceltod.
Becoae aaad Hunoaol" varlous tunkrsHt very
Movtna*. Tunlnir at<d Iti-palripR-. Acccmo
datlffTerma- CBatfociM in:<i Dookol Sukkcs
tiotis chcvrfully trtvcti
CHAS. M. STIEFF,
9 N. l.ihertr Sl.. Ralto., Md.
JAMES MYER & CO.,
ARE YOU GOING TO PAINT?
Then intcrest yoursclf in the quality
of the pair.t. We are the Southern
Ageutsfor Ilarrison'sTown and Uouutry
Paint.considercd by every masterpainter,
as the best on the market. It cost
you more per gallon because it costroort
to make than tbet-e paiuls you can buj
at $1.00 aud fl^.s per gallon, but lcsa iu
the acd because oce gallon covers so
much more aud it has the body and last
ing quality to it. Write to us or appl>
to your merchant for samplc cards. Solti
onjy tothe merchants.
Jas. Raily & Son.
107 & 109 lijyht St.,
; BALTIMORE, MD.
Flre-Place Heaters, Ranges,
Hot-Air Furnares, ( ook Stores,
lleaifo? Slovrs, Oil Stovrs,
aud Gasoline Stores.
The Family Doctor.
GUARANTEED TO CURE:
Coughs, Colds, Sore Throat, Hoaig
aess. lirniK hitis. Dlptherla,
Croup, Luug IMseiist-. YYhoop*
ing Congh. La Grlppe,
Catarrh, Cuts, Iturus, BrnUes,
Lauienesa, Sprnins, Luinbago,
Frosled Feet, l'llea, Hnmpg,
Chappcd Uands and LIpa.
No Cure, priccJ?ct.. No Pay.
TKEPARED ONLY BT
The Indian Tar Balsam Co.,
FOR SALE BY ALL BRTJGG1STS
B. B. BJI'.Tn. E. x. HATUAWAY.
POC ktabOOl market prices and
prompt raoanoi try
E. B. SMITH & CO.,
VMIOI l>\l I
15 E. Camdi-n St.,
For the eale of Produce, Grain, Live
Stock, Poultry, Egga, Fish, Oysters,
Crabs, Game, etc.
tL-r.-rt-n.-e* l?** N*t,0n?l K*!nk
i Mercantlle Agenclea.
E.stnblished 35 years.
Meoibers of the Corn and Floar
Wa want your ahiprnenta of Produee. and
can pltu-e Katuo quickly at I'OI* makhkt
PRICKB. Our ti-aile wauts the ltK8T and
lota of it. Vour Produce In our hands wiil
bring l'KOMI-r KKTLKNS.
t.ruln, Iteef Cattle, Citlvea. fiheep, Lainba,
Poultry, Kkk*, Kaw Kura, Hl.tes, ltlack ttud
i.i.nk-?j ?? i ??-.,* wunt. .1.
S. M. LYELL S CO.,
4 E. CAXDEX ST., Baltimore, Md.
References: Mercantlle Apenctes, Kuui
table National liank, I.altlmoro, Md..
I. P. JUSTIS & GO.,
jiOR THE SALE OF Produce, Oys?
ters, Live Stock, Hides, Poultry,
8 E. Camdea St., Baltimore. Md.
W*HiriRKNCi8:-National Bank of Cora
merco, W. M. Po well & Ck>., Grocera, John T.
Balley. Groeer. 8. Grinels. Orinels. va.
Fish and Crab House,
E. W. ALBAUGH & SON,
'224 Light Street Wharf, Baltimore, Md
OonsiKument* of fish, craba and countrt
?*oiic.j uro-nntly attended to. *ifr ?J
Wholosalo and fietail Dealer ln
Meu's, Boy?' and (hildren'g Ready
Made Clotliing, Gents' Farnigh
ing Goods, Trunks, Valises
Market Corner, Fredericksburg, Va
H. R. GOTJLDMAN,
- AMD DBAI.ZR IB
Gents' Furnishing Goods,
M2? B Street, Frcderkksbnrff, Va.
tW"Speclal attentlon to mail orden
y> PISOS CURE TOR
Be yourself iu joy or trouble;
Be yoursolf from day to day;
Be a man and don't play double;
Be a bero in the fray.
Be yourself and dc not faiter;
Be yourself when f rlends depart;
Befor truth that will not alter;
Be a man of soul and heart.
Be yonrself in sun and sbower;
Be yourself unto the end;
Up yourself from hour to hour,
And you'll always have a friend.
Be yourself for Ficedom even;
Be as puro as morning dew.
Likeagrand, old rolliug livcr,
To thyself be brave aud true.
Be yourself in every action;
Be yourself in church and state
Do not bow to "faith" or "faction,"
Whether small, or large, or great.
Be yourself with good opinlon;
Heed not what the world may Bajr,
Thinking is suprem" Jominlon,
Huling over human clay.
?John A. Joycb.
OYSTER PIRATES OF TBE
Wftt Tylcr Majo Saya They Are
Not Bloodthiraty?The Oyster
TOTHK EdITOROP THE N. Y. SUN?
Sir: I have just read a clipping from
'/Vic^'M/jcoDtainingan interview with
Capt. John Tyler, giving an accouut
of the bloodthiretiness of the Poto
oiac oyster pirates. I think this ar
ticle is apt to niislead the general
pttblie and to give an exaggerated
tmpression of the dangers connected
with the oyster-planting industry in
thia section. It is certainly true that
the best judges?and among these is
a large majority of the tongmen
themselves?are agreed that tlie only
way that this industry can be pre
served and developed is by systematic
and businesslike planting by private
In Virginia the State has done
what she could to preserve these bot
toniB in comnion. We have a closed
season from April to September, and
a law requiring all oysters below a
certain siae to be left on the natural
grounds. Theae efforts are conceded
to be a failure. Each year teea the
quautity of oysters decreased and
there isa steady falling oflin the num
ber of oysternien engaged. There
are not to-day two boats employed in
the oyster catching in the waters of
Virginia where there were ten lees
than fifteen years ago.
This condition is not chargeable to
the law-breakers, for while there ia
some violation of the Closed Season
law by parties Iiving on both eides of
the Potomac, these depredations ex
tend over a very small area of the
river bottom and are conGned eutire
ly to that portion that belongs to
both States in common. The oysters
that are caught in this manner are
always put down to grow under more
favorablecircumstances, to awaitthe
opening of the markets, thereby in
creasing rather than diminishing the
yearly output. The violatiooe of the
Cull law, though certainly more fre
quent than they should be, have
equally aa little to do with it The
trduble ltea in the fact that it takea
an oyster longer to mature than the
season permits, and the original
growth having been already practi
cally exhauated, it is impossible for
nature to replenish the beda in the
limited time allowed. If the State
should by law prohibit oysteringfor
the time neceasary for thia, it would
work hardahip on thoae engaged in
the bu8ineas, and force them to seek
employment elsewhere, while the
reveuue derived to the State would
be materially leaaened, and the bur
den of enforcing the law would ne
cessarily fall upon other industries.
The people of Tidewater.Va., have
long recoguized the fact that some
thing would have to be done if this
industry was to be preaerved in com?
mon, while thoae in other sectiona of
the State have demanded a reyenue
from thia intereat in the common.
Con8equently the "oyater queation"
has played a prominent part in
the political arena. An earnest and
patriotic effort has been made by re
cent Legislatures to take this ques
tion out of politics and to place iton
a busineaa basis. They perceived
that this communiatic system ia in
compatible with progress; that under
this condition the vicioos and va
grant thriveat theexpenseof the law
abiding and frugal. Thrift and in
dustry must beencouraged in thein
dividual by-laws that will inaure to
him the fruit of hia labor. A law
which requires all oysters under two
inches to be left on the bottoma in
order to increaae the yearly output is
difficult to enforce, when oysters this
size are worth 50 centa a bushel and
when thrown back must become
common property agaiu.
A survey has been made of certain
parts of the bottoms which are des
ignated as public oyster grounds,
while all bottoma not included there
in are aaaigued to individuals for
planting. A Board of Piaheries haa
been provided toexercise general su
perviaion. Tbe reault sofar has been
highly satisfactory. Many acres of
bottom are now under cultivation.
There ia a bright future before the
man of energy who goea into thia bua
ineaa. Only small cspital is re
quired. These bottoms are not as
difficult to guard as some would have
us believe. I have lived all my life
in Tidewater, Va., and I know these
people to be as law ubiding as any
other. Tbey will not attempt to
take by force what they are not en
titled to by law. There is some law
lessness here, as everywhere else, but
private rights are respected and in
the msjority of cases conflictiug in
teresta have been adjusted through
legal and proper means.
I am one of the parties to the
suit that Capt. Tyler speaks of. Mr.
Thomas. B. Murphy, a former mem?
ber of the Virginia Legislature; Mr.
Kobert Murphy, an euterprisingand
succeesful business man of this see
tion, myself, and several others here
applied for oyster pJanting grounds
in Nomini and Gurrioman baye. It is
contended by a number of tongmen
that this is not assignable, and a tem
porary injunction has been awarded
them restraining the inepector from
assigning it to us. The question
will be settled in the courts, and we
do not apprehend any violence if we
succeed in leasing it. The majority
of those who take oysters in these
waters are hard-working and law
abiding citizeus. They are jealoua
of their rights in the premises, and
violently opposed to any one's mo
nopolizing the business. They see
the necessity of some sort of method
being adopted, and will not oppose
any interfereuce whicb they may
deem inexpedient or detrimental, ex
cept by means withio the law. I do
not for one moment doubt that all
differences between oyetermen and
planters cau be adjusted, and the
business vastly exteuded and im
Nomini and Curriomau baya pre
sent one of the most attractive water
fronts on these shores. The sur
rounding lands are execedingly fer
tile. In 6lavery times it was highly
improved and cultivated in large
tracts, but, with the loss of this labor,
the lands have been neglected for the
more rcmunerative oyster beds near
by. Small homes have beeu built
along the water course from the pro
duct of these beds, but their value is
daily declining under the present
system. The time is now ripe for in
augurating a system of oyster plant
ing. Chenp landa can be bought
with oyster fronts attached. The
climate is healthy and mild, free
from the dreadful cyclones, iloods
and blizzards of other parts. Limit
less supplies of purest artesian water
can be had at moderate cost. The
lands are well adapted to fruit and
truck, and to general farming. Stock
rai8ing is very profitable. The water
courses furnish'-s easy access to the
markets of Baltimore, Washington
These miraculous tales about oys?
ter piratea are gross e.xaggerations of
the true conditon of uffairs, and I
think it due to these people that the
error be corrected.
Wat Tyler Mayo.
Hagub, Va., Nor. 1, 1'ifJO.
FIGHT FROM TIIE START.
Mr. Swansoa's AUitnde Toward Less
( Wnsliinyt???? Pott.)
"We will fight 'eni from start to
6nish," with a special acceut on the
last three words, and a defiant sweep
of his right hand, Hepresentative
Claude A. Swanson thus prefaced a
atatementabout the Republican prop?
osition, now frequently discussed, to
deprive the South of a part of its rep?
resentation. The young aud fiery
Virginian, who has every prospect of
becoming the next goveruor of the
Old Dominion, atood in the lobby of
the Kiggs House as he continued
"Every time the Republican party
has undertaken to crush the South
in recent years, it has deatroyed it
aelf. It has always inaugurated these
tactics immediately after a succesa
ful Presidentiul election. Look at
the effect of the force bill. That
was taken up after Harriaon'8 elec?
tion. He auffered ignominious de
feat in 1892. The Republican party
ia only the politteal friend of the
uegro; it ia not his frieud iu any ma
"How will you fight the bill, if it
is introduced aud piessed for pas
sage?" Mr. Swanson was asked.
TALK IT OUT IN THE 8ENATE.
"The gag rules are not yetin force
in the Senate," he replied promptly,
?aud we have some good Democratic
talkers. We will talk their bill be
yond the 4th of next Mareh. Erer
since the Constitution waa adopted
the Southern people have been al
lowed to treat the negro problem as
a local question. We have adjusted
our lawa with regard to them. Now
the lvepublican position is that the
black ajeaj of the Philippinea are not
capableof governing themaelves. But
if the black men in the Philippines
are not capable of governing them
aelvert, it is fooliah to talk abont their
governing white people in the South."
"Have you any hope of defeating
such a bill in tho House, should it be
"We will fight it there from start
to finish," reiterated Mr. Swanson.
"They have rotten borougha in the
North?Connecticut, for example."
THE FOUR CHECKS FOR SPA1N.
Why the PhotoirrapliicCJopieaof
the $20,000,000 Were Never
Miss Fraucis Benjamiu Johnaton,
of Washington, D. C, is a typical
illustration of what the energetic, up
to-date, wide-awake Americau young
woman can do, when she "makes up
If space permitted, many columus
might be written of the unusual and
can woman. Eaoh is a story in
itself. For instance, her trip across
the- oceaa to photograph Admiral
Dewey on his triumphal voyage home,
the hero and theidol of a nation; her
photographic reproduction of the
historic scene of the signing of the
protocol during theSpanish war; her
actual presence in the room at the
signing of the treaty of peace with
Spain, when she posed the high
officials who performed this historic
actandsnapped hercamera on them.
Perhapa the most intereating was
her reproduction of the four draf ts
of $5,000,000 each, which thisgovern
ment paid to Spain for the Philip
pines. Miss Johnston had petitioned
the Treasury officials to permit her
to photograph these draf ts so soon as
they should be Cnishetl, but she
heard nothinfc more from the dcpart
ment until she learned by acciuYnt
that the drafts were tiuiahed and in
the hands of the State Pepartment
Then ahe lost no time, but arrived
upon the scene as Secretary Ilay was
transferring the drafts to AmbassaT
dorOambon. She told her commis
sion to M. Oambon. He and Secre?
tary Hay good-naturedly assented,
but ahe found she could not do the
work well there, *so she want with
M. Cambon to the Freuch Embassy,
and here she was allowed to pin the
valuable slips, representing $5,000,
000 each, where she could get the
best light upon them, with the result
that ehe aecured perfect reproduc
Then ahe went home highly elated,
and immediately beg-in to develop
her plates. They were simply per
fecL Finally, she stopped for
luncheon. Altogether, it was not
twenty minutes after reaching her
studio before the door bell rang at
home, and her caller proved to be an
agent of the secret service. IIo waa
peraonally known to Miss Johnston,
so, with as much courtesy as possible,
under the circumstancee, he demand
ed the plates and any priuta that she
may have made of the famous $5,
000,000 drafts. She was aghast.
The agent waa polite, but firm, and
incidentally told her that Bhe had
committed a State's priaon offence.
Hia chief did not wish to annoy her
or cause any trouble, but he de
manded the plates to preveut them
being published. She was fllling an
order for Harper's at the time, and
had they used her prints the entire
edition would have been seized.
Miss Johnston laughed as she told
this story, aud the sensation it made
when it leaked ont in Washington,
as such thinga will, to thiuk the
French Ambassador and Secretary
Hay were mixed up in it, and as in
nocently as herself.
Speaking of her work, she aaye
the field for women in thia line is
practically unlimited. Many women
trained to artistic careers are going
into the photographic buainess, treat
ing it as a means of true expresaion
and from a peraonal staudpoint,
rather than along conventioual lines.
THE COUNTRY PREACHER.
There waa humor in some of the
individual reporta of the Methodi8t
preachers to the Conference at Nor?
folk, but humor cairying suggestion
of 8tiog8 and heartaches and suffer
ing and heroi8tn. One man had
received $26, we believe, for hia year
of work. At lcaat one had received
nothing. Others reported cheerfully
and without complaint or repining
pitifully small auroa to keep body
and 8oul together.
Nothing ia more pathetically beau
tiful than the lives of the preachers
for the weaker churchea of the
country. With many of them every
year is a year of anxieties, of morti
fication and deprivation.. of enforced
pinching. The gentleat and most
loving hearts in human breasts are
made to endure conatant and count
less bitteratrokea. Nothing is harder
than fora man to beforced virtually
to beg for the poor pay he has faith
fnlly earned, to gather it bit by bit
like alni8 from reluctant and too
often reatfol hands, to be denied the
appreciation and recognition which
honest services instinctively craves.
The soldiera in the rauk8 of the
Armies of the Cross who do the
hardest of the work rnd the sternest
of the fighting make life records
which muat shine with the glory of
a splendid light where they are written
aud known. They endure with ailent
patieuce and smiling faces year after
year; they are always ready to anawer
any call upon their energy and time
and 8trength; they accept hardahipa,
injuatice and rebuff with divine
meekness; they plod sturdily on in
rough and discouragmg paths, with
faith uever faltering aud courage
never tired nor dismuyed.
There ;s no hetter cvidenee of the
good remaining in humamtv, no
higher or brighter assurance for the
futnre of the race than the fact
that there are always recruits for the
ranks of this army of martyrs. Year
after year men, knowing these con
ditions, understanding what they
88888 and are, put aaide ambitions
and the pleasuree and prospects of
the world and yield their necks to the
yoke. One couutry preacher who
has reached the end of his march
and toil is always followed by auother
ready to take up the fallen barden,
to carry forward the flag the dead
A target for narrow malice or ill
temper to shoot and thruat at; the
victim, often, upon which the entire
meanness of an obscure community
is concentrated; suffering- the cap
tiou8 or ignorant or thoughtless
criticisra which is the lot of all who
must deal with the public but know?
ing uoue of the rev/ards that come
to others who deal with the public;
often wilh hardly a symputhctic heart
against which his tired heart may
prop itself when rest and strength
are sorely needed?enduriug all these
things, the country preacher does his
work heartily and humbly, in the
fear and love of God. The simple
report of a year with no salary car
ries with it a long and crowded
volume of daily deprivationsand dis
appointnients, of the aouMrying
small economies, of modcst hopes de
uied, of simple, harmleaa tastes un
sutis6ed. If there are seats in lleaven
higher than other seats there, crowns
more splendid than others?surely
the highest seats and the most
splendid crowns and the sweetest and
deepest peace of the soul and the
most gloriousharmouie3 of all must
be for the country preacher. His
rewards here are scanty, his way is
hard and his burden is heavv.
NATIONAL BANKS RKCENTEY
Virginia Leada All tlie Other
The U. S. Trea8ury bulletin, just
issued, 8hows that sincc the pasaage
of the curreucy law by the last ses?
sion of Congress niue uatioual banks
have been established in Viigiuia.
They are as follows:
Rockingham National Bauk, of
Conway, Gordon & Ganutt Nation?
al Bauk, Frederickshurg.
Laucaster National Bank, of Irv?
Citizens' National Bauk, of (?ov
Second National Bank, of Cul
National Bank of Orange.
Shenandoah National Bank, of
American National Bank, of
Culpeper National Bank.
The combined capitalization of
theae inatitutions is $300,000.
While this may seem a small ahow
ing, the atatemeut of the Treaaury
Department shows that Virginia, in
the orgauization of banks, has led
every Southern State, with the ex
ceptiou of Texas.
A recent report of the Comptroller
of the Treasury shows that all nation
al banks in Virginia are on a souud
fiuancial baais, and enjoying more
than a proportionate share of pros
perity as compared with similar in
8titution8 in other States of the
The Ilesult iu Billville.
Well, after all, we're in the country,
and the best of it all is?it's the same
old country it waa 'fore the election.
We bet our old nmle on Bryan;
but we're dead certain he'll throw
Roo8evelt if ever he tries to ride him.
We lost one house and lot on the
election; but, tbank the Lord, there
was a mortgage on both!
The national cyclone moved our
offiee over into the next county; but
that saved U8 the expens? of railroad
The Republicans promised U8 that
we'd roll in clover. Now, thafl! be
all right, if the cowa don't get there
before we do.?Atlanfa Constilution.
Its Cheery Click Is No More.
An expressive letter was received
by First Assistant Postmaster-Gen?
eral lleath recently from a Maryland
poatmaster. It speaks for itself and
is as follows:
In assuming charge of this ofrice I
ttnd on hand an antiquated and dilapi
dated machine which was at some re
mote period classed as a typewriter. It
has now reached the stage wbere the
mere slght of It ls p&inful, and to bear it
ln action ls to hoar a runaway wagon on
a Belglau pavement. It has, in additlon,
an unpleasant though picturesque habit
of bunching all tae lettera of a word at
one point and of riuging an alarm bell
after the operator has bammered on
notblng for a minute. My predeccssor
has sworu off all tbe cnarael. Eindly
allow us the prlvllege of wrlting you a
letter on a modtrn Instrumentand obllge.
He secured the typewriter.?Balto.
The world has never known a
more dramatic situation thau that
presented by the foreign community
within the walls of IVking while cut
off from coinniTjiiieition with their
countryiip. n. During theae long,
donbtful weeks, the most interesting
figure in this interuational tragedy
was Sir Robert Hart, who for more
than twenty-five years has been as
far, as a Kuropean might, the states
man guiding the affairs of the
Chiuese Kinpire. Those familiar in
any degree with Eastern comlitions
hoped, after the relief of lYicing, that
Sir Robert would break his long rule
of Bilence and give to the world his
story of the eventa which led to the
closing of the gates of the Britisb
Legation, and his views as to the
policies which should prevail in the
settlement of the difficult questions
which had arisen. On the 17th of
October, the followingcable-inessage
from Sir Robert's London represen
tative to the Editor of The Cvsi/io
politan was received: "Sir Robert
Hart has sent for November number
Fortnujhtly, London; and Cosmopoli
lan, New York, an important article'
on the siege of Peking, about fif teen
thousand words, which I will post
The MS. arrived iu time to be in
cluded in the December issue. It
will beread with the deepest iuterest,
both by 8tatesmen and the geueral
public. The CosmopolHan haa been
highly honored by Sir Robert Hart
in his selection of the American
magazine throngh which this valu
able coutributiou to the historv of
the world is given publicity.
THE IRL R. HICKS 1001 ALM.VKAC.
Whatever may be said of the scien
tific catises upon which the Rev. Irl
R. Ilicks bases hisyearly forecasts of
btorm aud weather, it is a remurk
able fact that eperific wamiugs of
every great storm, flood, cold wave
and drouth have been plainly print
ed in hia now far.ious Aluiauac for
many years. The latest etartling
proof of thia fact was the destruc
tion of Galveaton, Texas, on the very
day named by Prof Hicks, in his
lfOO Aluiauac, as one of disaater by
storm aloug the gulf coasta. The
1901 Almanac, by far the fineat,
most completeaud beautiful yet pub
lished, is now ready. This reuiark
able book of near two hundredpages,
splendidly illuatrated with charts
and half-tone engravinga, goea as
a premium to every snbscriber who
pays one dollura year for Prof, Hicks'
journal Wbfd and Wwrks, The Al?
manac alOM iseent prepaid for only
25 centa. Order from Word and
Works Publishing (Jouipany, S901
Locust Street, St. Louis, Mo.
Nobody Icrows A\ about it;
and nothing, now known, will
always curc it.
Doctors try Scott's Emul?
sion of Cod Liver Oil, when
they think it is caused by im
pcrfect digestion of food.
You can do tho same.
It may or may not bc caused
by the failure of stomach and
bowels to do their work. If
it is, you will cure it; if not.
\*0\l will do no harm.
The way, to cure a disease
is to stop its cause, and help
the body get back to its habit
When Scott's Emulsion of
Cod Liver Oil does that, it
cures; when it don't, it don't
cure. It never does harm.
The genttine ha?
this picture on it, take
If you have not
tried it, send for free
sample, its agreeable
taste will surprise
SCOTT & BOWNE,
409 Pearl St., N. Y.
50c, aud $1,00; all druggiats.
Xill N A. VOl'NU, rroik,
GREE1VSB0R0, N. f.,
Por first class fruit, shade and orna
mcntal trees, vincs and plants. Be
Ing centrally located, our fruit suc
cceds well both North and South.
The yellows have never been found
iu our county and only one placc in
the State and there the trees were
purchased from tbe North.
A Strong Fortif ication.
I'ortily the body against disease
by Tutt's Livcr Pills, an abso
lutc cure for sick headache, dys
pepsia, sour stomach, malaria,
constipation, jaundice, bilious
ness and all kindred troubles.
"The Fiy=Wheel of Life"
Dr.Tutt; Your Liver Pills are
the fly-wheel of life. I shall ever
be grateful for the accident that
brought them to my notice. I feel
as if I had a new lease of life.
J. FairU.,Vh, PlatteCannon,CoL
Tutt's Liver Pills
HARRY A. LEONARD,
Jeweter and Engraver.
2 St. Taul Street (near Balto.),
lofcrence:- Kditor ot this paper.
Let Us Be
Our Fall and Winter line
of Tailoring and Keady-to
Wear Clothing is now com
plete. New and nobby ef
fect8 for Suits, Overcoats and
Troueers. Our special black
all-wool suits to order, $12.50,
cannot be equalled on earth.
Write for samples.
M. WITTGENSTEIN & CO.,
?? E. for. Shnrp and Pratt Sts.,
Pat tbe next 30 dnys all guns In
Htock, except Ucmingtons, go at
cost. Also barghlns in Uirlcs, Re
volvers, Traps, Targets, Amniuni
tion, etc. I have in stock all
hrands of Black and Smokeleaa
Powdcrsat bottom prices. Blasttng
Powder, Dynamitc, PuscandCape
LEROY L. LELAND,
10G LUJ1IT ST.
J)U. E. 1\ T1GNOR,
14 W. NOKTII AVKMK.
Fricnds from the Northern Neck ca
pecially iuvited to call.
ClVIL ENUINEER AND SURYEYOM
Landa aurveyed and plota made. Katl
m*.to?>. I'1?n,? und BlMctricatlont for Rrldca
and > taduct work and conatructions of ai
deacriptiona. Topo.traphy and Draufhtina
apecialtit'a. ? ?
^yM. B. BANDBB8,
White Stone, Lancaster County, Va.
wm aaaattoa in tho courts of taaMaaaat
Northumborland. Ricliruond. and Mlddu-x-*
oounuaa. Bupcrtot Court of > ppeala. United
BUttCa Court ot haatern Dlatrictof Yiruillia
truIted'iom^Care? KlVCD l? *" bU8ln~8 ln"
Monaskon, Lancaster Co., Va.
adtainiJE*ctlC0Jn a11 the Courts of this nnd
1'romj.t attentlon griven toallleaalbusiiiosa.
JMiANK G. NEWBILL,
Practiec in the Court* bi the Northern Neck
Collection of claims given special attentlon.
Mrs. C. 8. Haynie, Proprletresa,
Lancaster C.-li., Va.
Best accommodations to be found In tba
country. Tho publio will be served M falth
lully aa ln the paat.
Good livery at!acbed to the Lancaster
Iiouse. Nearly a hundred stalls for
horsea. Conveyances of all klndi can
be had at all hours.
Newly renovated and put In
Amerlcan Plaa, $l.t>0 np per day.
Rooms Enropean Plan 50 cta. np.
Special rates for commercial travel
ers and Weekly Boarders.
O. A. FOWLER, Manager.
12 and ME. Pratt Street,
BaKimore, . IMd.
DlBiRaT Room* far Ladles.