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Virginia citizen. (Irvington, Va.) 1891-1921, May 31, 1907, Image 4

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*-.?.-.,
Calmage
Sermon
By Rev.
Frank De Witt Ttlmtgc, D. D.
- l.os AjaaajBs*, C8JL, May L.V..?ln this
voinion. nppropi i.ite to tlie time. the
old. 1888888 theme of a Basttsatfa sorrow
nnd bow it 1888 healed reeeives new
treatment, and tbe lesson ls learued of
n great people united lu the bonds of a
coniuion PartrtotBg brotherhood. The
text is lsniah xliil. tl, '1 will say to the
nortb. Give up, aud to tbe south, Keep
not baek."
I sometimea thlnk we make a mls
tnke when we tliiuk of tbe eivll war as
enditig at Appomattox. The wounds
were too fresh tben on both sides. We
know that the war is euded now, aad I
thlnk the beglnuing of the end dated
about twenty years ago. The begin
nlng of tbe end eame In a letter which
Adjutant General R. C. Drum on April
30. 1S87. addressod to Hon. W. C. Endi
eott. secretary of war ia President
Cleveland's eablnet. Tbe letter went
thus:
Blr?I have the honor to state that there
are now in this office. atored In one of the
attlc rooms of the building. a number of
Union flairs captured In action. but recov
?red on the fall of the Confederacy and
forwardod to tlie war department for safe
keeping. together with a number of Con?
federate aVfeaTB. which tho fortunes of war
placed ln our hunds during tho late clvil
war. While In the past favorable action has
ulwuvs Wn taken on applications. proper.
ly supported. for the return of the Union
flags to organlxatlons rcpresentlng aurvlv
ora of the military s? rvlee of tlie govern
ment. I beg to suhmit that It would be a
grareful act to antlclpate future re<iueata
of thia nature and venture to suggeat the
proprlety of returnlng all the flags (Union
and Confederate) to the authoritiea of the
reapectlve statee In which the regiments
which love those colora were organtzed.
While ln all civhlxed nations of the old
world trophlva taken ln wara against for?
eign enemies have been carefully preserv
ed and exhll.lt. d as proud memejitos of
the nalion'f military g'orrea. wia*? and ob
vioua r. hsoiik have always excopted from
the rule evidencea of past Intermvlne
troublea which. by appeala to the arbltra
tion of the aword. have dlsturbed the
pwaceful march of a people to Its destlny.
Over twenty years have elapsed slnce the
termlnation of the late eivll war. Many
of the prominent Ieaders. clvil and mili?
tary, are now honored representatlvea of
the people in the national councll or lu
other eminent poaitiona and lend the atd
of their talents to tho wlsc adminlstratlon
of tho affalra of the whole country. nnd
the people of the several atates compos
ing the Union are now united. treadlng
the broader road to 'a glorious future.
Very truly yours. R. C. DRUM.
Adjutant Uencral.
But were the people In 1887 united?
No soonvr did President Cleveland al
low Secretary Kudlcott to approve the
puggeetlon of his adjutant general than
a great howl of deuunciatlon arose.
By one of the leadlug newspapers of
Mlnnesota, Uleveland was assailod
with opprobrious cplthets. The naws
papers east and west excoriated him.
Over tbe public haiupiet tables Gen?
eral B. F. Butler. <;eneral Luelus Falr
clilld. commauder in ehlef of the Grand
Array of tlie ltepubllc; Murat Halstead
iind others hurlcd tholr vltui>cratlon.
The then governor of Ohlo wrote a let?
ter, whieh Senator John Khermau in
dorsed. ln whieh he cuiplmtically re
tiise.l to surrcmler the tlngs. say Ing.
'No rebel flags shall l>e returned while
I am governor." QssBBfSl Fntrchlld
aald: "May God palsy the hand that
wrote the order. May C^hI palsy the
bialn that coneeived it. nnd may God
palsy the tongue that dletated lt." So
oveiwhehnlng was the public Mtter
uess at the thought of glvlng baek the
captured flags that tho president had
to rcsclud the order to dellver up to
the southern states their rtags on tho
ground that the tlajrs were the proper?
ty of the United States. and thercfore
llie United States alone BSd the right
to retum them.
Beginning of the End.
i?h, the aoctlonal bitterness which
was ruukliug lu the htuuau hearts
north und south In 1HS7! But lu splte
of that faet that letter of U. C. Drum's
proved to ?>e the lieginnlng of the end.
Itapldly and surely the last llres of
scctionnl strlfe died away. lu 181)8 the
very men who had inost vehemently
oppoaed the roturulug of tlie tonfeder
ate flags were most anxious to see Ma
Jor MeKlnley do what President Oleve
lund had falled to aecoinpllsb. On Feb.
?4, 1898, eougress passed the bill au
tborlxlug the wnr department to returu
all the Confederate flags captured in
battle. Goveruor Foraker, who had
fought the inovement before, was then
senator, aud he was tho most euthusi
astlc advocate of the bill. Yes, yes, at
last the eivll war was ended. At last
by the voluntary returu of the blood
eoaked bsttftsftsgs the United States
eougress doclared there was no north,
no south, no east, no west. uo conquer
ors and no vaiKpilahed. Tbe Confeder?
ate battleflags were givon buck to the
men whose eoinrades had baptized
them with their llfes blood.
Why did the north retum those old
battletlags of the southern annyV
Flrat, the northeinors realized that the
?outherners were honest nien aud had
l>een honest ln their advoeaey of the
attate rights priuelple all through the
war. The northerners realized that the
same fldellty to priuelple whieh made
Massaehusetts aud Illinols aud Wls
conslu and Ualifomla flght for the een
tiallzatlon of Koverument drove Geor
gla aml Alal.ania and. South Carolina
to flght for state rights. These men,
bora below the Mason and LHxon line.
were not dlshonest or mercenary. They
were flghtlug for n prlnelple, because
tbey believed the priuelple was just.
And for that prlnelple they were ready
to suertflce their lives.
The Work of Yeara.
But eonie years had to paas before
the boys ln blue and the boys ln gray
enuld meet and fellowship together and
reeognlze each other's honesty. It ls
ulmost Inipossible for a luan who is
fighting to l>elieve that his opponcnt,
whose doubirtl tist is pummeling and
beatlng him, has an honest beart or a
straight hair in his head. But after
the battle is over. aiu-r time bas cooled
the blood, after our mlversary may
have been laid away ln his silent grave,
then we are able to look at our i>S8t
uetions au<l those of our eueuiies as
through another's eyes. Then we see
U?ut l?oth of us may have been honest
Ia our ideas, hut both or one of us nuiy
have been inistaken iu our judgiiient.
lf those soutiierners were not honest
Iu their advoeaey of stale rights how
ean you aeeount for the jjetions of
Kobert K. I^eV Study tl.^Vistory of
the man any way you will. and you
will lintl him a nulde, true hero through
and through. Ile rortainly did not en
ter the southern army for fnme. Had
he stnyed ln the northern anny he
iniglit have b8S8 eoiiiuiantler of all the
UnltCd States fOPBSS. ll?Knew hewas
slated as tlie suecessor of Wlulield
Seott. Surely that was fame enough
for any man. Ile did not enter the
Koutherii army far nieivena.'y lnotivcs.
He was already wealthy lu his own
ii?ht. aud Arliugtou lleights. his home.
? - MH I IM the IVtiunac. He knew
that if he ii?t* rt-<t tlu* southern CMM
ins j>r?>;??-i t.v mivht be etaflnaiad aa%i
Lii^ bomestead demollahed. Y?*t with?
out besitation he niUTlnr.Ni au houora
ble iK.siti )ii. land. family. bomestead
nnd money. nnd threw tIi.mii nll Into
the sonlucrn cunse. Then slu.ly tlu*
?fa ?>f ttoted ??:. Lt* after tlu* clvil
wur. atlCS :tiiii?l povevtjr, after his
grcal pilhired uiaiisiuu had been ex
(haugcd for an old tunihiedown ueyro
but. not lit for au outhouso or a enttle
pon. ho waa brare tm >n^h to refaaa to
take a position HaTniaH ? jireat llnnn
clnl income. beenuse he did uot wunt
to do another au injusti- -.*.
Accepted the Deciaion.
These thigs were returned to the
southern states for anoth.T reusoit
Uot only did tho north lenli/.e that the
southeruers were honest ineii, but they
found that they were reeonstructed
uu'ii. Tbe aontbern leaders loyally und
graeefully accepted tlu* de.-islon of tbe
sword aud resnrded lt as decided for
ever. They were willing to contoss
that uudcr no conditions would they
ever attempt to get their slnves back
agnin. These great faets were tbe
mlghty means of wekling the hearts of
the Amcri.Tin people together even
MN strongly than they were united
l>efore.
Now. let us impartlally eonslder the
slave question. which waa indirectly
Uie eause of that eivil war. Way back
ln the titue of Thoinas Jefferson tbe
Sage of Mouticclio ndvoeated the
cmuncipation of the ncgro slave. But.
though Thomns Jefferaon whs ln many
ways the strongost statesman the south
ever prodnced. all the plniitors rose up
In artns. 'Absurd! Absurd!" they
eried. "You freo the slaves and the
eotton plautations Avill 1m? ruiiu*d. W?
must have tlie slaves or die." This
was the stand of the south. Most of
the southeruers dcprccated the holding
of slaves. hut they did not see bow
the plautations could be eultlvatod
without them. Y.'t no sooner were
the slnves etnnncipated than tbe plnnt
ers ruhhcd their eyes and awoke to
tlu* fa?t that the plautations were bet?
ter off with Mmd lahor than when
cultlvnted hy slav?*s. They eotild make
more iiionoy out of their cotton crops
by hiriiur liehl hnnds than by owning
them. The result wns that. whoroas
before the war nlnety-nino southern
men out of a hundred wante<l slavery
to exlst. today, If put to the southern
voto. ninety-nlne men out of a hundred
would tvfuso to take back their slaves
even If they could. This Is n so< lolog
h-nl faet of tbe southern lnbor problem
with which every ititolli?r?Mit American
itlldeut is well ronverannt.
A Dead Isaue.
Scomd fa< t: When tlu* god of battles
decided tbe clvil strifc the southeruers
alnn*si to a man were ready t?? uccept
that de<-|vj,,ti. WIh-u linland was eon
quered l?y the Uussiaie; iu IStP.l and A'.
sace aud l.orraiin* wciv (oiniuered l>y
Certnany lu 1NT1 and Spain aud Italy
i\nd llol'.autl and Naples and YVestpha
l'a were con.pu*ri*<l by l'rance iu tbe
Nnp?deonic wars theaa |>eople were
eomiK*lle<l to IhmuI the kSM at tbe
slroke of tlu* swtud, l.ut they and
their cou<|iu>n>rs never hecauu* one.
rinland today Is no more Itusslan thau
It Li .lapanesc Alsa.e and l.orraine
luay pay their taxes to tjenuany. but
tlu-ir hearts are in the Tulleries. No
aooner did Nn|Mileon alnlhate thun tbe
kin^s and .pieens whoiu he had de
lM>se<l VMI fcladly weleoun*d back by
their ptOfta to their vacated thmnes.
Not thus was tlu* endiim of tlu* civll
war. The southern ptoplj are not a
?subjuu'ated piN>ple. Tliey are not 1 jk*o
ple treniblinu at the sound of the can
non's e\|>l<isi..n. Tkey are | pMpli
who bad au Issue. Tliey said. "I.et tis
de< ide this issue once for nll nt the
cannoifs tnouth." Aml when the (0*J
of lmttles decided against them these
1-eople said. -The issue ls forever
dead." The uortherner satd: ?llere.
VMeu of the south. here ure y.uir lla^s.
\Ye have no differ.iices today. Take
tbcm back as heroic einblenis of your
(ilorioi.s ueeds nu many battletields.
Take them nnd keei> them for your
children to look upim with rever?*nce
and nwo. Tliey ure yours and not ours.
\Ye are all brothors. of ?.iic race and
one natlon." Oh. today thunk Uod that
these ipiestious are all settle.l nnd that
all the old hearlburnin.L;s are over.
Tbe roturnlnj; of the southeiu ila.^s
proves it.
There was still another reason V7hy
tboae old tfa^s were returu m1. No
Moouer -.vus tbe war over than the
KOUtber.i men Ix'jrau to work shh* by
side with their northern coiuitrymen
for the uphuildinjr of the nntion. They
.iropped the aword for the plow. the
fjun for tbe nunviny machine. But
thoj <liu more th(*y |M?MI to work for
tbe beuttlt of the north as well as for
th?> south, for tbe west as well as for
the ?ist. Aud as ln the Spanlsh-Amer?
ican war f. s. <;rant, Jr., served upon
the staff of Fit/.?Hugfa Iah* :nul J.w
WlMeier foufjht under the stars and
stripes by the side t?f I.awton^so sitle
}>y si.le in rottgtaatiOMfl halls and on
judiciai beach and in inercnnlile es
tablishntent the southeruers worked
with tbe northerners for the develop
nn-nt of our whole natlon. You could
not tind any differoine In these nien'a
patriotism by the pla?-e of their blrth.
Like a Bugle Call.
I was very niinh struok with this
fact when my mind fan over the names
prominent in our natloual legialative
halls tbirty years ajj,*. A jjrent army
of statesmen had entered WashiiiKtou
from our southern states. Nearly all
of these men had worn the Confo?h*rate
may or be.-u prominent in Richmond.
There were Alexaudor Stei>lieus and
Lainur aud Harris and Gordon aud
Pujfb and Mor?an and W?da llamprbn
and Zebulon Yauee and F. M. Cock?
rell and M. C. Butler and Berry and
a great mimber of othera too numer
ous to mention. My, what a 11st there
wns! \Yhen we read their names it
seems aa though we hear the bugle
call and the rattling of arms and tbe
yelling of Ihe ca valry char*?e. When we
look into tbe United States senate of
thirty years ago it seems as though the
rteld offleers of a great Confederate
army had lieen eolle.te<rfor a council
ot war. But, though those southern
statesmen assembled iu Washington,
they were not assemhlexl for a council
of war, but for a council of peaee.
Those ox-<\>nfederate soldiers were
pianning and contriving for The pros
perlty of tbe whole Unite.1 States and
not for a part. They were working
hand and glove with their northern
colleagues for the success of our re
unlted land. And, though tbe north,
as a whole. in the early seve\dies did
not have < onildeme In the loyalty of
tbe new south. the northern statesmen
In WashluKton who came ln toucbwlth
those southern statesmen lenrned to
trust the south.
When such true leaders as Charles
Snmner. from Massacbnsetts, and I.u
clus Laanr, from lalaaUatppi, andhun
dreds nnd thousnnds of men like them
could strive as soon as the civil war
was over to weid this broad country
togetlaar, is lt any wonder that after
nwhile the rai.k and tile should fall
Into^ line and <ry, "My countrymen.
know one another and you will love
one another?" Oh, yea, the returu of
tlie Uonfedcrato tla^s by tlie north was
B natnral BBQB8BMB to BShBB n pntr'otie
love ns that. No sooner ST8B tlie Appo
niattox treaty simied than the true
spiiit of tlie north tind the south started
in to ohliteratc seetional strife.
I.aslly. I reinark tliat tlie north gOTS
hai k tho <'oiifederato BOSJ8 lietnuse the
two siMtions of our eomitry, by travel
aml intoreoinnmniration. bjq| nc<|uuint
Bi BJBaf sBBrasd to know each other.
Tho northerners travoloil south, nnd
tlioy had a tssts of southern hospitali?
ty. includhiu 888 BSl breads and the
johnnyc.ikcs. and they liked them. And
tlie souJhcrners trsvolod north and
leurned tliat there were eliivalry ntul
wariu. loving BSOtta among the New
Kimlaml snows as well as BBBOSSJ the
Gootgta tlowers. And a new uenera
tion B88J8JI to grow up whieli knew not
.Joseph. The collcge hoys of the north
would persist lu fal'.ing lu love with
tbe bright eyed maidens from the
south. The sons of the old southern
brigndler generals would persist in at
taeking the Hresldes of their fathers'
SU enemies and carrylng away tlie
northern girls as willing eaptives In
the old war called love. Cupid's darts
were flyiug everywhither until at last
the north BWOkS and said. "Why. those
southern lu>ys are not born with horns
and cloven feet." And the southerners
1)8(88 8aylng. "Why. those northerners
qo love Bsaethteg bssMaa the doHmr."
Then the guldcn e<?nls of affectlon be
gan to hitwine themselves aUnit north
ern heart and southern heart until the
same blood by the eradle was beiug
puinped through the arteries of both.
Ilad the north known the south nnd
tlie south known Ihe north in 1887 as
they do ln I'.xiT there would have Dem
88 eivil war. Tliat war for the most
part was eSOSSd by the Iguoruuee of
the dlfferent seetions of eaeh other.
The Confederate Flag.
Tbus, brave men of the north and
brave men of the south, in the name
of our reunited eountry befOBO Ihis ap
proaching Memorial day 1 salute you.
You two elasses of veterans have not
only ptOVSd to the worhl that you are
physi.-al heroes. hut greater than this?
tliat you are moral and spiritunl he?
roes. Y..u have not only proved to the
great wide worhl that you have rour
nge and bockbOM enough to right. but
that you also have nobility of BOOl
enough to forget aml rorglve past dlf
ferenoes. In this beautilul land of ours
for MM days out of the year wc only
want 088) Ihig. That llng must bs tlie
B88I8 aad stiipcs. We want it wuving
freSB every home and every BChoot
80088 nnd every chuivh and every lcg
Ishitive hall."But 00 the spring alOBBO
liul day we like to b*q the I'ohls of tho
old Uonfedcinto llag for a little while
wrapped BDOOt the folds of the BtSJM
and -tripos. which once b.ittled with
it. That Confederate tlag is tho em
BBBhOOf many a lieroio deed of tho truo
Aiiieriean heart. as the United States
tlag is :ilso the 88888881 of many a true
beroie doed.
Oh. the hravery of the past. when
the great annies of tlie north aml the
south were in niorlal COOaUetl I ?ld not
the two sraaleB then respcct tlie hrav?
ery and iioliillt\ <* ca.h otlier nnd how
in reveroM.c to the hSfOBJUl of their
foos? A1 tlie BtBfQ Of Yi<-k.-dnirg, May
??. 1868, the comntandlng general or
dered the Ninety Oloth le-im.-nl of Il?
linols volunteers to charge a rcdouht
OCCOUisi bf tlie ffrirOBid iiU.inliy of
Tpxiis. As the northern rogimont mov
e<l foiward to Ihe charge the COlOOSl
g?ve the conimand: "Boys. dOB)*l look
back. KS8f your fOCSS toward the en
cmy and charge." Ou and on went th?
line. Under the witherlng the of the
BDSSaf the noitlieiu ivghuent bfOSS
and tetiealed. But the COlOC liearer <>r
that reglmeut, Thomas Higgini liy
name, was ileotor (Ootod than tlie rest.
He earrled high the tlag in the ebOIfC
and BBSTOd straight on. He did not
know that liis compaiiions had turned
back. 11c kept his foCS toward tlie en
emy. And there he was, one northern
BOMISf, with the old ilag flying high
over his head. charglng bIqoB a thou
land men iu gray. Then there rose the
iry from the Confederate ranks: "Dou't
fhoot hlni! I.et the bero llve! Don't
BbOOtr And so Thonias Hlgglns, the
88808 bOOrsr, eanying the old llag of
the Union, moved on until at last the
Uonledeiate soldiers opened their ranks
and swallowod him up and then seut
him baek afcaJs a free man.
If the brave soldiers of old eould be
88 nierolful to eaeh other, can we not
be Just as forgiving today? The north?
erners have given back to the southern
states the Uonfederate flags. By that
symbol we say, "The WtWOf 1801 has
forever passed away." But today let
us enter into another compact. Let the
south today hring out her old tattered
tlag*. I.et the northern soldiers bring
out today again their old tattered flags.
And let the ragged folds of these old
88888888 !>e wrapped about each other
Jis north and south ohisp hands and
say: "We are brothers. We have the
8818)0 goveiiiment. We have tho same
land. And as one nation we will al
ways llve. blessing the cominpn her
itage Bf tlie brave OOSda Of the boys In
blue and the boys in gray." Thank
Ood for the day when the northern
states returned the Uonfederate llags
captnred in battle. By that act they
truly and forever captnred the south?
ern hearts in love. Yes, at last the
north nnd the south are truly united
nud are one
The Ocean Speed Mania.
One of the great transatlantlc steam
ship lines is about to build a number
of vessels which will travel one and a
half knots an hour faster than their
rivals. Tbis extra speed means that
the new honts will have to install slx
ty-eight additionnt fiirniu-es, slx more
bollers. over 52,000 addltlonal square
feet of heatlug surfaee and will have
to develop an additional 30,000 horae
power. To provide for the lncreased
welght the ship has to be lengthened
7S?4 feet, hroadened 10 feet and deep
ene<l 4 feet and the dlsplacement en
largwl 12.000 tons. If turbines were
not employed at least three 23,000
horsejiower engines, with ahaft and
screw proi?oHers, would have been nec?
essary and many dlfficultles would
have had to bjs solved to place these so
as to balance welghts and avold vl
bratlou.?Uhlcago News.
Animals' Nurses In London.
A London BOpst says that nurses
Rkiiled in the OSBOSSa of cats and dogs
can obtaiu regular employment at $10
a week for looklng after siek prize and
pt^dlgree pets. There is a trainlng
school for BnlBBBlB* nurses In Pimlico.
A certllhate is granted to 8pt pupils
after six BMMrtW experience in the
care of sick creatures of all sorts, cats
and dogs particularly. Women make
much lietter kenne! nurses than men
do, and there is a growlng deniaml, es
pecially in big eountry houses, for the
Bervlces of woinen able sklllfully to
earry out I vefrrinnry suigeon's treat?
ment. One successful <logs' nurse holds
the full certiflcate of a well known
London hospltal, but she prefers fo de
vote her niirsing talents to canlnes
rather thau to humans.
One of Africa's Odditiea.
Tho LMadoa /.'*<'li>>flcnl gardens have
Just reeel\ed from west Afrlea one of
th<> largest nnd most romnrknhle spec
Imens of ? ti ? mnle mandrUI ever on ex?
hibition. No other hnboon, lt ls said.
presents su.-h striklng color contrasts.
The fur is ? blackish olive. The nose
Is rad. Transverse swellmgs on eaeh
shle of tho faeo nre light blue, with
deep purph* grooves betwecn thoin.
The beard is citron yo'.'.ow. nnd tbeseat
pads nre s.arlet. The creature Is stout
ly built. with short, powerful limha.
nnd the mnssive hr-nd slopes from the
occiput to tl\e mur/.le, the nose terml
nating with large. clreular nostrils. re
semhliug tho? of ? plg. Tho trlnngu
lar enrs nre small. For nearly thlrty
ye.ns tho:e gardens hnve not posscsacd
a large mnm'.rill. -Youth's f'ompaulon.
The Word "Graft."
It was the late Joslah Flynt Wlllard
who really gave to the world the word
"grnft," which he lirst heard while en
gaged ln <>ne of his exploratlons of the
underworld. lt has been said of Mr.
Wlllard that other investigntors were
lacklng in the quality which made him
prc-emineut. One writer declares: "He
never took on n superior alr or be
haved with eondescenslon to those
about whom he was curious. He was
siniply Interested Iu the life of all
sorts of quoer people?crooks, petty
grafters, the enetnies of the pollce ln
general. The books lie wrote aliout
them were the n.ttural result of the
travels. The travels were never un
dertnken for the purpose of writing
the books. There is an essential dls
tinction here."
Chooaing a Career.
Nieholas Murray Butler. president of
Cohunbia. ndvises students against de
ciding upon a voontiou too soou, says
the BottOO Ifcrald. According to Dr.
Buller. | man should uot go to colloge
with any settled convictions us to what
he Is to do. Dr. Butler holds thnt col
lege Is the place to make such a decl
slon. The opportunities there are so
many and varied thnt. according to tbe
president. every man ought to flud
soinothiug to suit him. He impltes tlint
by the end of his senior year a man
ought to hnve BCqoJrod enougli kuowl
edge to enahle hlni to determiue his
right voeation. _
Over=Work Weakens
Your Kidneys.
Unhealthy Kidneys Make Impure Blood.
All the blood ia y.'i.r body passes tlirough
your kidneys once every three minutes.
V j'^Il ? "*he kidneys are your
:,'" blooo purifiers. they fil
^V/U'lj tfcr out {he w?ste or
i the blood.
^Fre*&(c\\A M {h'-y aresick cr out
j 2 t Pains, achoa andebao
j4'tx*'' taatism come from ex
-. \ toss cf eno actdia the
????- s.) bljoJ, due to neglected
'.bie.
es quick or unsteady
j ooe feel as though
. because tbe hcar? is
nping thek. kidney
i v.'.ins and arteries.
? red that or.lv urinary
l were to be traccd to |ho kidneys,
bu: now modern scicnce proves that nearly
al' constitutionai diseascs have their begin
nir.g 11 kidney troubie.
lt vou aic sick you can make no mlstake
by first doctoing your kidneys. The mild
and ths cxtraordinary effect c( Dr. Kilmer's
Swair.p-Root, the great kiunev remedy is
soon realb-;d. !t stands the hig'hest for its
wonderful cures of the n-.ost distrcssing cases
and is sold on its merits
by all druggisls in fifty
cent andone-dollarsiz
as. You may have a'
sample bottle by mail n?m?^t*%m+mm+.
free. also pamphlet telling you how to find
out if you have kidney or bladdrr troubie.
Meniion this paper when writing Dr. Kilmer
5c Co.. Binghamton. N. Y.
IF ABOUT TO USE
WALL PAPER OR PAINT
Write us for samples and prices.
We have a limited number of
bundles of Wall Paper, 15 as
sortcd rolls to bundle, for 25
cents. Add 25 cents for freight.
ADAMS' BOOK STORE,
FREDERICKSBURG, VA.
B. Goldsmith,
Wholeaala and KotallDeaier lu
Meu's, Boys' and Children's Ready
Made Clothlng, Ueuts' Farnigli
lng ttoods, Trunks, Valisea
and Umbrellas.
Market Corner, Fredericksburg, Ve.
ORDERS OF PUBLICATION.
In the Clerk's Office of the Circuit Court
for the County of Lancaster, on the 7th
day of May, 1907.
William Waddey, PlaintiiT, ) .
?ijtmi nst
Annie Waddey, Defendant, ) Ch??c??ry
The object of this suit is to obtain a
jivorce a vinculo matrimonii. And an
aflidavit having been made and filed
that the defendant, Annie Waddey, is
riot resident of the State of Virginia, it
isordered that she do appear here within
tifteendavsafter due publication hereof,
and do what may be necessary to pro?
tect her interest in this suit. And it is
furtber ordered that a copy hereof be
published once a week for four weeks in
the Virginia Citizen, a newspaper
published in the County of Lancaster,
and that a copy be posted at the front
iloor of the courthouse of this county on
the 13th day of May, 11)07, that being
Ihe next succeedmfr rule day after this
order was entered.
Teste: Wm. Chilton, Clerk.
Gresham & Gresham, p. q.
A copy-Teste: Wm. Chilton, Clerk.
Inthe Clerk's Office of the Circuit Court
for the County of Lancaster, on the 7th
day of May, 1907.
Edward Walker, Joseph
Walker, jr., Clara Walker,
Genevieve Walker, Gertie
Walker and Ryland Walker,
by their next friend, Mary
Walker, and Arthur Hutch
>nson,.Plaintiffs,
against
Geo. Walker, Joseph
Walker and Frank Gains, Defendants.
In Chancery
The object of this suit is to have par
tition of the real estate ofGeo. Walker,
deceased, among the parties entitled
thereto. And an aflidavit having been
made and filed that Joseph Walker, one
of the defendants in this cause is not
resident of the State of Virginia, it is
ordered that he do appear here within
lifteen days afterdue publication hereof,
and do what may be necessary to pro
tect his interest in this suit. And it is
f urther ordered that a copy hereof be
published once a week for four weeks
b the Virginia Citizen, a newspaper
published in the County of Lancaster,
and that a copy be posted at the front
door of the courthouse of this county on
the 13th day of May, 1907, that being
the next succeeding rule day after this
order was entered.
Teste: Wm. Chilton, Clerk.
Gresham & Gresham, p. q.
Acopy?Teste: Wm. Chilton, Clerk
FOR SALE.
Smoke StacK, 22
feet long, 15 inch?
es in diameter.
OWEN'S RAILWAY,
WEEMS, VA.
Rappahannock
Marine Railway Go.,
WEEMS, VA.
Now eqoipped for hauling
and repalring all cl&ssea of
boats ln thtee waters.
We also have a compctent
force of CMrpeutcrs.caulker*
and rlggers. Terms modei
ate; aatlsfactlon guaranteed
We also have a nice line.
of moulds for launcbes and
yachts. Call aud see at.
CHESAPEAKE STEAMSHIP CO.
"CIIE8APEAKE LINK."
KLKUANTPA8SKNG BH8TKAM UH "COL
l MU1A" AND "AUGTSTA."
For Old Point Corafort and Norfolk. Va.
hteaniera leave lhctimorc d?ily (exeeiit
Sundayi at n.M p. m.. *nd arrtve Old l'olnt
lomfort at ? a. m. and Norfolk at 7:15 a. m.
where uonnectiou ia made with the Kail Linee
for all poiuta Soutt and Southweat.
??YORK KIVER LINK."
ELBGANTPASSBNGEKSTKAMKRS-nAI^
TIMOKK" AND "CHARLOTTK."
For Weat Polut and Richmond. Va.
steamers leave HultimoredMllyiexcept Sun
da>) at t> p. m., and arrive West Point ai 745
a. iu., and 1(1. timond at ?: 0 a. m.
Steaaaera lemiu* Haltluiorc m Mondaya
WednialBaw *nd Frldaya. and loavlug Went
I oiot on xueaciay a, Tuuradaya and Saturday*
oall at Ulouceater Point, Clementa aad All
nionds: and ateatnera leuvlug Baltimore on
1 ueodays, Thursdaya and Saturday a. and Weat
Point ou Mondaya, Weuneadaya and Frldaya
call at Yorktown and Olay llank iw.ather
permitting).
STKi?E2I*.8., LBAV? HALTIMORK FKOM
PIL'RSls andIh LIOHT8T. WHAKF.
Through tleketa to all poinu may be ae
cured. baggage cbecked and suterooma re
svrved from tlie City Ticket Olncos, Ihi B. lial
timore St., AKTHUlt W. HUliSON. ageut 127
K. HaltlmoreSt.. or the General OlMcea, Li'ght
and Lee St., Haltlmore, Md.
"KI'liKN FOSTEK, R. J. CHISM.
Ueneral Manager. Gen.Paawnger Agent.
T. H. McDANNEL. Aaat GeuM PkU. ARcnt!
SURETIES AND BONDS.
WE WILL BOND YOU.
UNITED STATES FIDELlTY AND GUARANTY CO.
(Home Offlce: Hultiniore, Md.)
CapItal Paia lu Casli, .... Si.ftOtt.OOO.OCl
Ofticiale and others ueeding to be bonded can be placed ia
a reliable Security Company at low rates by applying to
W. McD. LEE, Irvington, Va.,
Ageot for Lancaster aud Northumberland counties
FIDKL1TY. OONTRACT. JUIMCIAL..
Judicial bonda executed without delay. Correspondence eolicited.
Geo. 1- Squiro., Prea. j. F. Kellowa. SeeyMaagr.
The Lancaster Lumber & Building Co., mc,
OCRAN, YA.,
?fc
^j_K, MANUFACTUitEKS OF AN1> VEALERS IN
Sash, Doors, Ulinds, Mouldings, Brackets, Ceiliog,
Klooring, Siding, Turned Work, Hand
Kails, Balusters, and Building
Material in Ueneral.
AIbo Box-es and Box Shook.
CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS.
Eatimates Furniehed. Plana made.
!?? A? s?nd for
BANNINC, KtT
12 E. LOMBARD ST.. ??* 0.t?? st.. BUTIIORE, MD.,
Wholesale Manufacturer of
Carriages, Road Carts,
Wagons and Daytons.
. . Dealer in . . . ,
Carriage- and.
Wagon-Makers' Supplies.
\#t always lowfst in prlce, tmi cheaptst btriuse the bfM.
The Wooldridge Orchilla Co.'s
STRICTLY HIGH-GRADE
BONE STOCK FERTILIZERS.
maa*aia****'********i*maWaaaaaaaamaaaaa^
Orcfcailla. Gua^io,
The great Soil Enricher
And Grain Grass Grower,
An Unadulterated Natural Bird Deposit,
Rich in Phosphates and Alkaline Salts.
Impor'.cd cxclu??lvely by us, aud sold at a lowcr
prlce than ever bafora owing b> the fact that
WE PAY NO PROFIT TO THE "MIDDLE MAN."
l||F 1 Furnixh Ferilli/.i-rs for all rrops, made ftom Strlctly First-Oaae Materials
W H M.usrantce tho Analystf, (Quality and Conditlon in Every Case.
W !? l Scll Our PuilMlll L'ndcr Our Own Name and Brand Kxclusively.
.'? A?KNTs WANTKD. ?'OKRKM>OM)ENCK sni.K l l l-li.
FARMEMS who want the origina! and only OENUINE ROBERT A.
WOOLDRIDGE Fertllizero should strul tlulr orders to us dlrect or tc
some one of OUR Ageats Do uot be persuated into buylng "Copy-Cal'
Imitations, and substitute fcoods whicb are falsely repreecoled to be
Robert A.Wcoldildgt's Fi riili/.ers when in reality tb?re is no one by tbe
name of WOOLDRIDGE cunnectrd with them in any way or matner.
THE WOOLDRIDGE ORCHILLA CO.,
No. 7 COMMERCUL WHARF, BALTIMORE, MD.
ROBBBT A. WOOLDRIDOK,
Fresldenl nud (eneral Managcr.
TIIE ONLY WOOLDRIIM.K Who i*
now or tver was In the Fertllizer
bnsinrss in BALT1MORF.
REFRIGERATORS,
Car Load of high grade
Refrigerators direct from
factory.
Baby Carriages, Fumiture, Carpet,
Hammocks, "Freezers, Matting,
E. C. Nl N DE, FREDERICKSBURG,VA.
TO THE PUBLIC:
We are too busy to write lengthy adver
tiaementa or to describe special artioles in
atock, but simply eay we have the best assorted
stork of Dry (loods and Notions everoffered in
Fredericksburg, at the right prices. Write for
eamph-8 or send us your ordera. If gooda are
not satiafactory ho will refuud the money.
J. T. LOWERY &. CO..
CheapeBt Dry tiooda House in Virginia.
CHANCELLOR & RAWLINGS,
FARMERS* SUPPLY STORE,
Commerce Street, FREDERICKSBURQ, VA.
Superior Disc and Hoe Drills, Steel I.ever Hand
Cutting Boxes, Clover, Timothy, all
kinds Seed, Wagons, Open
and Top Buggies,
And, in fact, everything can be had of Chancellor & Rawlings,
Farmera' Supply Store, Frederickaburg, Va.
tlr Miles
Anti-Paiia Pills
Cure Headache
Almost instantly and leave no bad effects.
They also rolieve every other pain, Neural
gia, Rhcumatic Pain, Sciatica, Backache,
Stomach ache, Aguc Pains, Pains from in
jury, Bearing-down pains, Indigestion, Diz?
ziness, Xervousness and Sleeplessness.
Prevent
All=AcHes
By taking one or two Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain
Pills when you feel an attack coming on.
You not only avoid suffering, but the weak
ening Influence of pain upon the system. If
nervous, irritable and cannot sleep take a
tablet on retiring or when you awaken.
This soothine influence upon the nervea
brings refreshing sleep. ,
35 doses, 25 cents. Never sold in bulK.
The one
remedy sold and
guaranteed to cure Colds,
Coughs and Lung Diseases.
Its wonderful curative qualities are
recognized after taking the first dose.
Try Indian Tar Balsam for your next
cold; you will be surprised by its prompt action.
It never fails.
On sale at best general stores and druggists.
PRICE 25 CENTS.
Indian Tar Balsam Co.
BALTIMORE.
Maryland, Delaware * Virginia
UAILWAY COMPANY.
'* ISultimore, Fr?*?l
??,* cricksburt;, Nor?
folk aml l\;i|?pu
hanuock Itiver Itoutes.
Spring Schedule ln elToet Mareh Iti, liXCJ.
Stc.ine r* w III leave It.tlt imnif, Md.. weather
permitting. from I'icr 2. Liyht Street Wharr,
aa follows:
Sundaya, 2 |>. m.. Tuesday h? <1 Thurfday 4::ai
p. ra.. for *\\ e?tlMii<l. North Bad, Mill Creek,
8/htteBtooe, Inrtaaton, BT?<ms, Milieubeck.
*Merri Point. 'Ottomm. *Moiuua. Hurnane.
I'i tmtina. Monaskon. Water Vlew, WhealU>nn.
?llay I'ort.Srmrp*, llnwler's, Wares, Weirordw.
Tappahaaaock M0a.aaM Nav'ois.ItlaDdtield.
Carters, Laytoti*. ILeeOstowa, Saundere,
Oreaaktwa, I'ort Rojral^Porl Coaarajr, May
Mn.iiit.lioi> Yard. KatcirtTea. Fredericksburg.
?Steatier Icaving "n Sui dav does not atop.
fOn MondayB6tear<icr will leave Loedntown
at 12 noon.
ITI.cuvc ltaltlmore Kriday 4:.A\ p. m., for
weatlaad, N'nrthKnd. miiiCreek.Wbite Stone,
Irvington. 8wi, Milieubeck, liurhana,
llurtonn. Ilooaldsons, Urbanna, Monaskon.
Whealton. Watervicw.Shai |>? and Tappahan
liork.
Leave Krederleksburg, S inday. Tuesday
and Thursday 2 p. m ,tido and weather per
tmtt ing for Katclitie*. Hop Yard, Hay Mount.
Port Conway, 1'oit Uoyal. Oreenlawe, Saun
ders. Lecdstown (4 a. m.,) Laytona. Carters,
i.landtield, Naylors <?:.10 a. m.,) Tappahan
nock (7::?l a. in.,) Welfords, Warea, Bowlers,
Sharpa (;.':;?>a. m..) ItayPort, Whealton, Water
Yu-w, Monaakou, I'rhanna <i2::(0 p. m.,) Ilur
hans, Millenbeek. Merry t'olat <S:JOp. m.,) Ot
tomnn, Morans. Weema, Irvington, White
Stone, Mill Creek (6:30 p. m.,i North Knd (8
p. m.,. Westland.
Arrive in ltaltlmore Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday mornlngs.
Steamers will leaveTappabannock 7:90 a.m..
weather permittinK Tuesday stopping at
Weifords. Wares, llowlers, Sharpa, Bay Port,
W healtons. Water Vlew. Monaskon. 0 rhanna.
Itonnldaons, liurtona. llurhans, Millenl>eck,
Weems. Irvington. White Btons, Mill Creek,
North Knd, Vwstiand.
Arriving in ltaltlmore Wodne^dav morning.
Norfolk Itoutc.
Steamer leavea Taprabannock, weather
permitting, Saturday 2 p. m.. stopping at
Wellfords, Ware's llowlers, Sharpa, Bay Port,
Wli.-H.tons. Water Vlew, Monaskon, Urhanna,
Dooaldaooa, Ismtons. Hurhaua, Milletitieck,
Merry Point. Ottomaue, Moraim. Weems,
Irvington. White Stone, Mill Creek, North
End. Westland.
Ket in ningsteamer will leavo Norfolk Mon?
day.;! p. m., weatber permitting. for Tappa
iiannock, stopping at landlngM as abore. ex
eept Merry Point, Ottoman's. Morans and Bay
Fort. ^^
Freight will not terocelved In Norfolk after
2:.'H) p. in.. on sui 1 ing days.
POTOMAC RIVER ROUTE.
Schedule In effect Marcb 2d, 1?07.
Steamers leave ltaltlmore (weather per?
mitting) pit-r'.'. Littnt Street,every Tucsdav,
1'liur-dny and Saturday at 6 p. m., for the
lolliiwing river landings. Millera, Itroines,
Foitoltello. Graysons. Coan. Ilundicks, Wal
nut Foint, Cowarts. Lewisetta, L<Hlge.Miindys,
Cintra, Kinsale. A^ania, Finey Foint. l/cuti
ardtown, Ahells. Cohrums, Stone*. It lsh
wood, Lancaster. Itivemide. Llverpool Foint,
Glymoutand Alexandria. a i ri\ ing in Waab
ington eariy Monday. Tnursdayamt Saturday
mornlngs.
Keturuing steamer will leave 7th St. Wbarf.
Waahington. D. C. every Sunday. Tuesday
aud Thursday at 4 p. m., weather permitting,
sU.ppingat landings as follows: Alexandria,
Glymont, Llverpool Point, ltlverside, liuah
wood. Lancasters. Cohrums, Stonoa. Leonard
town 8 a. m., A bells, Piuey Point. Adama.
Lodge, Mundys Point. Cintra, Kinsale IS ooon.
Coan. Bundicka, Walnut Point, Cowarta.
Lewlsetta. Millers. 4 p. ra.. Graysons 6 p. m..
Itromes. Porto Itelio. ti p. ra. Arriving in ltal?
tlmore early Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday
mornlngs.
Freight recelved at pter 9. Light 8t., Dalti
more. on salling days until 4-^tO p. m.
W I LLAKI) THOMSON. General Manager.
T. MlKIKKll, Gen'l Frt.and Faas. Agt..
wra o . ? ltaltlmore. Md.
\N . II. Soott, Agt.. Fredcricksburg. Va.
SJKJ'" KNSON 8 BKO..Agts.. Washlngton.
W.M. KBAKDON. Agt.. Alexandria, Va.
Baltimore, Chesapeake & Atlantic
.fiftSLEflfc KAILWAY CO.
Piankatank River Line.
Summer Schedule, in affect April 21, 1907.
Steamer leaves Firr .1, Light Street Wtiaif
ltaltlmore. every Sundav and **rTllir?8ai
weather permitting, ror Fitchetta and inter
uiedliitclandlnga as follows:
Leave ltaltlmore 5 p. m., Mlla 2::?i a. m
Sampaona 2:<ij, Tlpera a. Blackwella :iikC
Heeton.t:(5.Tlmbs4. Iteedtille 4:;kJ. Mardlnga
tl. Harveya B:l5. Grace Foint 7:i(l. Ityrdton 7 5t
hilumrnoek 7:30. Oerans 1:45. Chaaea ?. Jgck'
sons Creek I8JQ, CricketHIII 1148, Calllo II 45,
Arrive Fitchetta iri5 p. m.
KeturnIng leaves Fitchetta for Baltimora
and Intermediate landings weather penuit
ting, every Tuesday and Friday. as followa
HutTS *"?-"he,tt ?; ?? ???? ^*1"? S?UW.Crickett
lllil .'45. Jaekaons Creek I0:.X). Chaaea 12 noou
To Ti ;'? p-,?.V h'ln>?rnock 1, Grace Point
1:0. Byrdtoa 140. Hardlngs ::.H?. Harveya 7 45
Heeton 4 IMnMO, Heedv.Ilo S, Mlla v:?.'
Itlackwells1840, Tipers ?:I5. Sampsoua ,llj?
Arri%e Italtimnre early next morning.
and 1 hursday. weather permitting. Tor Free
port and intermcHilate mndings.aa followa
...,efve '**i'in\oro "'l'->:i.. Mila 2U)0, a. m.
Meeton.. llmbs U;I6. Keedville .'kSui Uraee
RSmt?*l ?yrdton,5:06- Kilmarnock6:i&.tkrans
?\:45, Jacksons Creek 74B, C.icket Hill ?5S
Calil. 8. Fitchetta?35. UuaVksMa7WaVl?J3?
'.':?... Conrada 10, Orecn Hoint 10 i", suumer*
10:*.,ltlandsll. Arrive Freeport i,' 15 ^^
Heturuing, steamor leavea Freeport for
Ibiitimore and Intermediate landingV ?very
Wednesday and Saturday, wvatber permlt
ttng, aa follows: *^ u"
.J?Tu?> F.rce?,or1t.tt1a- "?? maods8:10. Stamp
tn-a tt:J0. Green Foint 6:45. CournJa 7 Ware
nouae Creek 7:30, KuH-ksT^-i a.^! INfZSata
t. Cailis S.;30. Crlcket Hill m? JaokaoiaCW^
o::W oeran l2.noo?. Kilmarnock ??. o m
Byrdtoa 1848. Grace Point 12:40 Flecton i 4-T
Tlmlw 4 Keedville 148, Mila 5, II ack w I " " ? '
aaffisi* Arrlvt" "**???" SS' iSi
?IJreat Wicoiulco River L,iue.
Steamers leave Pier3, Light Street Wbarf
lt?lt:more, every TueaOay.Thuraday and Sat
},,^liy'-!r.e*.th?r l?rn?ttlng. for <Jirana alidi
intermediate landinga, aa followa
Leave ltaltlmore 5 p. m., Mila t~M a.
? Doea not atop on Sundaya.
Heturning. leaves Oerans for Baltimore and
intermediate landinga, weather i^rmUtfng
foMows?0naay, Uedn??d*y ???! Friday ia
Leavo Oerans 1 p. m.. Cbaaea 1:15 Kilmar
noea 1:45. Grace Foint 1^5. Uyrdton 2/ rUrd
inga a .Harveya 8:15, FleetonT 4^0, TinVl*.6
Keedville 5UW. Mlla 6. Ulackwelia ?40, TliJera
S Saua?,8on8 7' ?">ve Baltimore next moTn
sittnrdays trip Tonly! extenda to: Leave
Jncksous Creek IH:30 a. m.. Crickot BIM ii
Callls 11:1ft, Kitehetts 12 noon ' Hl" "'
CalMa 10:J1, Cricket Hill BMft, Jacksons Creek
Freight received at Baltimore for above
pointaonaailing days until 4-.aop m. *lK,v*
w,V,,^u'D/r,,0,;80N- ?en- M?nager.
W? H. Brown. Agent, FlerS.
T.Mukdoch. Gen. Faaaeuger Agent.
"DICUMOND, FREDERICKSBURG A
V POTOMAC R. R.
Schedule In effect May 2Glh, 1907.
LKAVR VBEDKRICKSBURO NORTHWABP.
? 25 a. m. dally except Sunday. Makes local
siops on signal.
> 21 a.m.daily. StopsonsignalatOccoouar
Lortou and iraocmia Sundaya only.
Stops at Alexandria to discharge uai
sengcra. *^
8141 a.m.daily. Stops at Alexandria.
10 2ti a. m. dally. Makea local atops on algual
1 3J p. m.daily except Sunday. atope at Ai
exandria. ????
M M p. m. dally except Sunday. Makes loea]
atops on signal.
7 ? p m. Sundaya oniy. Makea local stoos
on Bignal. p
?2 XI ''? m* $*\\T' o8top# at Alexandria.
10 W p. m. dally. Stops at A'exandia.
LBAVB RR8DKRICK8BUBG SOUTHWABO,
5 65 a. m. dally, Atlantlo Coast Line traiu.*
Stops at Doswell and Aaland
6 05 a. m. daily except Sunday^ Makea local
stops on sigual. "" ,oca'
8 4*on?ignaL<Uy8 ?D,y' M*ke9 ,oca? 8,?P?
10 Ett a. m. daily. 8. A. L train ^??a ?*
Alexandria and Milford ^
12 49 p. ni. dally. siopa at Alexandala. Sum
m.t, Gulnea. Woodalane. Milford Pe
5 2tJ p. m. daily. Atlantic Coast Line train
tAm Stops at Alexandria and Asbh.nd
! 8 8 "V & ^"A- &3 ?topso"?n.VgnaL
i .>? p. in. uaiiy. ?. a. L. train. sin? ut ?i...
andria fioswell and Ashlind P ?X
arr^8nif,u,at,"a,tria'n frona ^ashn^ton
aiV..,.8. a-. m-d?Hy except Sunday.
Noit:?litneofarrivalsand deuartuie an.l
counectlon not guaranteed. uo"arlli'?, *">^
C. C.COX. Agent.
C. W.Culp, OenL Supt.
W. P.Taym)r, Traf. Mfcr
Steamer Owen Uillard.
Mall and passengers to and from Whlt
Stone, Irvington, Weema, MiKenbeck
Merry Point and Urbana, daily (excepl
Sauday). K
SCHRDULB:
Leave?White 8tone,7a. m.; Irvinpton
7.45; Weems, 8.15; Millenbeek, 9; Merre
Point, 9.30; arrive Urbana, 11.30 a m
Leave?Urbana, 2 p. m.; MI lenbeck. 8
Merry Point, S.30;Weema,4.80; Irvlnaton
5 arrive White Stone, ? p. m. *
PAIROFMlJLES-WaKonand har
ness. forsale. Also double-horse farm
or woodwagon (without body).
W. Mcl). LssT Irvington.

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