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MONTEREY, HIGHLAND COUNTY, VA., DECEMBER 8, 1893.
? hat they mny recover from th?
night, John, without
id in my dre*mtarj*
in tu Mewing,
u uuh its beftmiu]
by Old sl-ipy htwl.
seemed ?,3 though ve were both tod
Po h stab-toed, barc-'ootcd boy*,
k ith not a thing on us but drew s.
^ust escaped Ironi dear ur. tlnr's cuhhi,
tuch provided with bread mil m 'lasses ?
For once, Jobo, vie pot making nois*.
We were titi lng in beautiful lanllght
En'oyitrg our meal with tbe fliot,
while tlio cai an 1 dag, Job a. wero bcscccbiu,
Alni wen itow aad then rca hinf;.
wera us lesions iu charity ta>R,<.t luj,
With watering mouth* aad with eyca.
To n. a la'iyli. my dear boy, when I tell you
Tbat K.ni ts niau w< wed tor him rlgfit,
I' 'i we kt him ei aajo bitei witheaob otb-, j,
FJrei tbe one dial arid then did theo-lui;
But we go? a good Hc-ing r am mother,
lie took the \i bolo lundi at ono bito.
In the Shadow of tho
ny DAVID LOWRY
rn apter xxiv.
KEAlMN'r. TtlE WHIM,WIN ;\
I was as Jnnct mid. John
Leo did not deem it wise to
inform his wife md daugh?
ter that tte authorities had
bm iel what they presumed
[were tbe remains of his
I brothel Martin. Ile had good
ilea on for pursuing this
course, as will be Peen liter.
F'litl.oimoie, lie had trav
jeled mary milos in quest of
fntu is nj on whom he could
rely in his extremity. He
called upon influential
fiicnds in Boston, who wrote
'to tte judges; tbe foremost
peop'e iu the colony inter*
estel themselves in l>ehilf of Janet Lee
and her mother. Discreet messengers,
who were abunda..tly able to meet all
?juestious, were dispatched to people
whom John T oe could not reach by let?
ter. He had by 1 is earnest solicitations
prevailed upon ono of the judges to visit
Ipswich j il and satisfy himself concern?
ing the conduct ard appearance of the
Moe than this. He now recalled many
things which warranted the opinion that
his wife and daughters were victims of a
conspiracv. Tl ere was something in
Giles Ellis' manner that excited John
Lee's suspicions. (J les was by turns
patronizing and sympathetic. In public
lie was lofty in his professions of piety,
severe in his denunciation of witchcraft.
John Lee's mind was in constant turmoil.
but as he listeaed to Giles Ellis his soul
revolted. He could not respect the re?
ligion that caused a man to turn against
his own r!esh and blood, as of on hap?
When he left his wife and daughter in
IpswichJail.it was for the purpoeof
meeting a friend?a man whose influence
wi\s acknowledged tven by tin judges,
upon whom he relied to bring the ma.ter
to a speedy and safe conclusion.
Meanwhile the jailer yielded to the
clrmor of the curious, who journeyed
many miks to view the witches in Ipswich
Jail. The people whose curiosity wits
thus gratified gazed upon the prisoaers,
and commented freely upon their appear?
Shortly after Dorothea Leo regained
consciousness, the jailer opened the dooi
ead admitted Ezra Easty and Ann Bigger,
followed by Griz/.le Meade.
"How now?'' demanded Janet, fiercely.
"By whose suthority <lo you enter here':
Tis enough you aro permitted to look ii
eu us. Heaven preserve us from suet
"Is this the spirit I find you in?" Griz,
zle Meade answered, as Esra recoiled ir
fear. "Know you not the gallows ii
"It were better you were attending yon
customers, drizzle Meade. The jai'e
shall answer for admitting you here un
"And they will not told their heads si
high to-morrow," said Ann Bigger.
"There will le two witches less in thi
world then," Grizzle added.
Then Dorothea Leo suddenly facet
them with flashiug eyes.
"Mark my words, Grizzle Meade. 'Ti
the evil in thy heart hast biought the
here to gloat upon us. Dost find in ni;
eyes, or in Janet's, signs of fear.-"
Here Dorothea advanced with uplifte
haud suddenly. The apprentice aud Am
fell back hastily, but Grizzle Me ide mad
an effort, os if she would hold her ground
but even sho recoiled presently, as Doro
thea's voico was raised:
"The hour, be sure, will come- it ma
be so n wil*- you will rue the speec
you hare made to me. Judge not, lest y
As these words fell upon Grizzl
Meade's ears she trembled and gre'
deadly palo. She turned about and waiko
to the door. Ezra Lusty, like one i
mortal fear, was at her heels, while An
Bigger, ashamed of his cowardice, caugl
him roughly, reminding him of his 1
mancei9. Instead of walking forth the
were pushed bick by tho jailer ind
group entered. Then the tloor was dost
ipiicbly again and Dorothea aud Jam
Lee stood facing two of the Judge?. Ol
of these the prisoners had ofton seen. !
was Thomas Danforth, Deputy Govemo
Beside him stood his associate. Nei
him stood Arthur Proctor and tho sailo
while Abner Bain looked over Proctor
The Judges spoke apart, and a* th<
spoke the door opened aga n und Gili
Ellis, accompan ed by Daniel Mead
stepp?d inside. Now, those inside tl
jad formed foil groups. Firet, tl
mother and daughter, who sat o\ a ru
beach; text, the Judges; then Proctc
his uncle and thc sailot; the landlord i
(Uobe Inn, his wife, and John Lee's se
vants were huddled together arouud Gil
"Think you we will wait on John Lee
said one of the judges. Sir Thomas Da:
forth surveyed those near calmly; (Jil
Ellis advanced to him, whispered in h
oar, then retuned to tho corner. Tl
Deputy laised his eyebiows as he glanc
at his kinsman, and a strange smile fli
te<l over his face.
"John Lee should be here. But tit
is previous," Thomas Daaforlh replk
"Thy name?'' demanded the Deputy
"Thomas Jones," the sailor auswei
"Art a'friend of Martin Lee?"
"I was?I am."
"Didi-t see tho body some said w
"I make bold to say 'tis ho more Martin
Lee than 'tis me."
"What brought thee here?"
"To serve my old mate. Martin L^e.
Ile thinks my blood is on his head?
'twas no hiug, but I was most at fault,
a- halt a score will tell yon who-"
"Slay. I have heard the s.ory from
Proctor," said Thomas Djnforth, wv ng
his hand, 'lhen tbe Deputy turned to
Abner Bain. "Dost know this sailo ?"
"Truly and well teu. yea s ago- beforo
be went to sea to foreign parts."
"Can you vouch for him'.-"
"Cheerfully," Abner replied, promptly,
The deputy turned to Giles El is.
" "fis also your opinion the body is not
that of Martin Leo. Said ho Lot so to
The deputy looked at his associate,
who boated. Tho deputy now looked di?
rectly at the prisoners. Jarret Lee's eyes
met bis fearlessly.
"Is it true what my kinsman tells me?
Dave no fea'\"
"All fear has left me; I could nod iive
Otherwise. If Giles Ellis has said I
promised to be his wifi?and that be
what you mean, 'tis true."
1'pon hearing this all turned to EUi6;
then every eye was tiseal upon Arthur
Proctor, who advanced quickly to Janet's
"What do I hear! Marry Giles Ell's!"
He looked at her mother in affright.
"Dorothea Leo, is it (by wish-"
" 'Tis as strange to nie as it i i to thee.
Speak, Janet, hast thou promised Giles
"I sp^ak naught but I ruth, mother."
There was silence for a time, which
was broken by Pioctor saying:
Now do I believe in witchcraft, since
I hear with my own cars that which I
would not have believed. No! Not and
an angel from ho .ven had told it me."
On hearing which Janet turned aside
nnd burst into tears. Tho Deputy now
"We have reason to *bolicve thal tbe
body taken from the sea is not th..t oi
Martin Lee. Moreover, if the state
melds made to us within the past foui
aud twenty hours be vjrihed-v.h cb
those wbo n a le them profess lo b<
abundantly able to do?it is possible thal
you, Dorothea and Janet Lee. wi 1 bf
speedily enlarged, in which case Jane'
Leo may li ive good reason to marr*
Giles Ellis without being subject to tin
charge of witchcraft or falling a victin
"I hed rather see her in her grave!'
cried Dorothea, who, after bestowing i
look of amazement upon her da tighter
alfo gave way to tears.
The though's of all present, and chiefl;
interested in these extraordinary pro
ceedmgs, were so fully occupied with th
misfortunes of which they were the vic
tims that they did not no e the language o
tbe Deputy Governor nor his maune
Abner Bain alone seemed to be indiffer
cnt. Something in his looks and eas;
bearing restored confidence to the sailot
who, in turu, slapped Proctor hastily b
way of congratulation on the shouldei
as he whispered: "All's not lost yet!
And at that instant John Les entered
with a tlusbed face, and another followe
quickly at his heels, at tho sight of whoi
Daniel Meade threw np his hands. Bi:
Grizzle grasped his arm with a grus
that made him wince, and the only oul
cry mado was the startled cry that cb
cape I Dorothea Lee's lips:
"Janet! 'Tis Martin Lee!"
"Aye!" exclaimed Tom Jones, heartily
as he grasped Martin Lee's h md, "this i
my old mate, living and hearty."
"How can you rejoice, mother?" sai
Janet Leo, "seeing he is como to take ov
place." They will hang him for the hon
and lambs. I wish he were a thousan
miles from here!"
"H ve patience, Janet," said her fathe
"all will yet enl well."
"I fear, Master Lee, you have hastene
the ill most men who love their kin wou
avoid. It were better your brother Ma
tin had not come of his own accord :
Ipswich jail. I did not think yon won
biiug him he're, or be prevailed upon
set others on his path, keenly as you fe
the disgrace he has brought upon tl
Giles Ellis held himself loftily as I
spoke. Janet Lee looked at him with te
roi aud apprehension in her eyes.
"Didst not promise me-"
But Gile9 interrupted her.
"I did not promise libsrty to Mart
Lee. That thou canst not say." Whet
upon Janet lowered her head and turn
her face to the wall, as Giles address
the Deputy Governor.
"Lest any should le misled, 'tis wei
make this mutter plain. Knowing fi
well Martin Lee was alive?the proof
which mus given me beyond all dispute
and knowing justice would be mere f
with Dorothea and her daughter, whe
only offense was in succoring their rel
tive, and not in carrying out compai
with witches, I did say the judges wou
deal with them according to the light,"
"You doubtless encouraged the prise
ers because of the great confidence y
have in our judgment," said Sir Thou
"There is nothing in all tho records
the deliberations we have presided o*
thnt could warrant tbe inference tl
other than the public welfare lind slr
and impartial justice has guided our c<
This spoech, put in the form of an
terrogntory, in a precise and formal inn
uer, elicited another and deeper bow a
smile from Giles Ellis as be replied:
"Which I have ever maintained, a
""Tis well," answered Sir Thom
"Justice to yourself and me demands
much, since yoi have claimed me as yt
kinsman, which claim, bea:' in min I
have never denied. Aud now, we v
bear what Martin Lee bas to say.
brief, and yet mako thy meaning pin
passing over the apprehension.that eau:
you to seek lodgings at Globe Inn,
stead of going directly to John L<
house. This snilor has made it cl
you feared the officers might pursue yi
when there was no cause for pursuit. "
possible your early visit to your brothi
was the result of this fear of appreh
sion. But is it not much more proba
thnt thou killed John Winslow's t
horse and lambs in thy drunken freu
just as thy evil passions caused thee
stiike down thy fast friend here a li
while before? And what hast thou to
finally concerning the death of Dai
Meade's son!' "
"An he should clearhiimelf of the m
der of the horse and sheep, how will
wash his hands of my son's blood?" f
Grizzle Meade, fiercely.
"An you will give me time," bej
Martin Lee, "I will make straight ans
to all these. As for the bad blood agai
my friend here, tbere never was any.
was a sudden quarrel iu drink?alt
strange ai v may appear, search all
ships' logs I have sailed in, it was
first, as it will bo my Inst, drun
"Yet we can prove he drank a pint
little time the night he murdered
son," said Daniel Meade.
"Cease. Let no one speak without
permission," said tho Deputy, severe!
"I did drink freely, but I was cold,
went to bed as clear in my mind as I
uow. I did not tremble as others tr
ble now," Martin Lee replied, with a
meauing glance at the landlord.
"Proceed??ay what thou hast to tell
cancerniug all that took place after you
. went to bed."
The judge! gazed upon bim sternlv;
Dorothea aud Janet listened wiih throb?
I "Say, now, as the landlord makes ont,
that I've had my drink, nnd the custon e.s
ore gone, and I am tired, having walked
fast aud fill' on tho worst bigot a man
, could be out. I am sleepy, and tho mo?
ment my head touches tho bed, I aaa
, sound asleep. Tl:en comes ft roan to my
j window. I mado suro be wanted my
money, so I fall foul of him tho moment
I he comes through tbe window; nnd he
begs my mercy, aud tolls me he is tho
landlord's son, and.his run away, and in
a sailor, which, feeling his hands. I make
nure of. He tells nie ho \? iii trouble ?
and I was in trouble, or I would not hive
been there. Ile has come home to hilo
until ho gets rest, but durst not let bis
father nnd mother know, lost they scold
aad boat him-"
"That is a lie!" Daniel Meade shouted.
His wife exclaimed at tha sam3 time:
"An invention Of the devil's J We set
Store by our son, ns all kn<5w."
The Associate Judge waved a hand at
thom angrily, and Harlin Lee proceeded
"So I gave bim my bed, and luid me
down on a bench lu-ar tbe wall, mil in
tho dead of the night I bend a footstep
on tho stairs."
"After drinking a pint, as he confesses
himself," bu 1 D: niel Meade.
"A marvelous light sleeper, to be 60
weary and ready for bed," Grizzle inter?
"Sirs," said Martin Lee calmly, "I
have been a sailor many years?you cnn
judge why sailors may be light sleepers.
I listen, nnd some oue-I do not, know
I who?enters. I was a fool to talk of my
"He said never a word of diamond'
tbat night, as (liles Elis will bear me
out?yes, and Samuel Hobbs, were he
here." Dan el Meade glared at Mnrtin
"Samuel Hobbs wil le here presently,"
said the Deputy, and at that moment the
Marshal of Sa'em quietly entered, nu I
after speaking to home one out-ide
closed tho door.
"I said I'-id that about me," Martin
Lee added, "that was worth seeing, as
this mnn"?he turned to the Marshal
"will no doubt testify an he be swo n."
"If you speak of the boast you made
when you struck your breast, I saw and
heard you," said Hobbs, gravely.
",So, as I have said, I he rd a footstep,
I and some one came into my 100m, nn I it
being derk I waited un.il I could under?
stand his errand; bul very soon I did
hear a blow on the bed, and a ghastly
sigh like as if the breath were surely
leaving one's body, and then I knew
murder was done."
" 'Tis a lie! as bald a Hq as mau ever
told!" Daniel Meade's features twitched;
the sweat started on his forehead as ho
faced Martin Lee, "There was no blow
struck save that the bullet made tbat
came from your piRtol, as all here kuow."
"Aye, thou base slayer of horses and
lambs?thou knowest there was no
"Silence!" commanded the judge who
stojd by Sir Thomas Danforth, "and see
that you do not interrupt him again al
your peril. Proceed?and bear in mind,
what thou sayest here thou must repent
in Salem, when this matter is disposed
Martin Lee bowed and resumed with?
out change of tone, or manifesting mon
concern than he bad before being cau?
"Although it wns dark, I saw bet weer
me nnd the window a Hash; then I kuev
tho man bending over the bed had a knife
So, knowing tho peril I was in, seeiuj
the blow was meant for mo, because 0
tho money I had on me, but which I h 11
put under my pillow with mv damonds
I took chance aim in tho dark, tired, am
striking the man down, s_ rang out 0
the win low, and finding be'ow it th
board the landlord's sou came in on,
slid to the ground aud made my way ti
John Lee's, more by good fortune than be
cause I knew where to find it. I con
coaled nothing from first to Inst."
"He speaks the truth," said Dorotbo
Lee; " 'twns told me and Janet before m
husband knew he was in the house."
"Then, foreseeing tho trouble I woul
bring upon my brothor, I resolved to cor
ceal myself, and so
"I did counsel him to conceal himsel
in the hou?e on Will's Hill," Dorothe
"That is the truth, your worshipful, i
I die for it," Martin Lee concluded.
"And your money and diamonds?" sa:
"I left behind me."
Grizzle Meade's fury on hearing th
was uncontrollable. "Thou'rt thc prim
of liars! Sea how little makes thee
|>erjurer of perjurers. Did not all wi
ooked on our son see tho place whei
thy bullet struck him? And now I
charge us with robbery- dost not fear lc
the Almighty should striko thee deai
"Fit food for the gallows thou art
said Daniel Meade, "with thy lies."
"Who speaks of the gallows here mt
find it wiser he held his tongue," sai
Justice Hurkins, severely.
"Must we hold our peace while li
venomous tongue wags?" erie I Grizz
"Hark yo, Grizzle Meade," said Justii
Harkins. "Mayhap the Marshal hi
something to say to thee."
" 'Tis only tbis. Since Martin Lee h
the courage lo stand face to face wii
you and Daniel Meade, you would do wi
to hold your peace." Whereat Dani
Meade fell back a pace and Grizzle gre
paler than the prisoners who were gazii
upon her cruel faco.
"Thou hast someihiug to say concor;
ing this matter," said Sir Thomas, a
dressing Proctor, who advanced ai
spoke out clearly.
"I have, and I bring witnesses to pro
what I say."
And now, for the first time since th
entered Ipswich Jail, Dorothea and Jau
Lee looked from one to the other with
little fear and restraint ns though Ih
were merely witnesses to the scene pa*
ing before them. The apprentice w
haggard and pale, and Ann Bigger look
fearfully from (liles Ellis to Proctor,
whom nil eyes were cast.
"Long before I met Martin Lee, ci
tain circumstances, when of you ha
been duly advised hy my uncle hei
(Giles Ellis shot a look of malice
Proctor on bearing this, and tremble
"warranted us in applying to you for a
thority to exhume the body of the mi
dercd man." (Here Daniel Meade grop
blindly, but Grizzle grasped his arm a
whispered in his ear.) "Marshal Hob
my uncle Abner Bain, Tom Jones, a
myself performed the task. But, 1
there might be some who would qucsti
our knowledge, we had near at hand
physician of repute. We found-"
"Stay," said the Deputy. "Bring I
The Marshal advancod to tho dc
opened it, made a sign, and Indian .
was suddenly thrust into tbe midst
them- The Indian walked with di
culty; he cronchel when Le eucounlered
Ibe eyes of Giles Ellis fixed balefully
upon him. He did not trust himself to
look at tte Judges, but gazed steadfa-tly
upon the floor. Sir Thomas made a sign,
and Pioctor resumed:
"The phys cian stripped the bodv in
our presi n<'e and we beheld a terrible
wound, maic l\v ? sword or knife, suffi?
cient to cause instant death, as thc paper
duly certified by us mid signed by the
physician and now in your po3sosion
pl ni n ly p roves." I
On bealing this Dauiel Meade ut?
tered a hoarse cry, lifted his hands
willly in Ibo nar, nnd fell in a tit. (Iri/.
z!o Meade, seeing bini lyiug nt her feot,
tinned hor heat slowly. Awe, hatred
and tenor were depicted in every Hue a
mont as s e looked st Arthur Proctor.
"Proceed," (-aid Sir Thomas. " 'Tis as
wo'.l Daniel Mcale's ears are closed for
"There was a wound in tho head, caused
by the bullet from Martin Lee's pistol.
But the physician, after examining it
carefully, declares it Could not have pro?
duced death, if it even stunned the man.
It was a scalp wound, Death was caused
itistantly by the ?hr.iat of the sharp in
tstrument, which cut the heart in twain."
As these terrible words were uttered
Grizzle Meade turned a greenish hue,
purple spots suddenly sbot iuto bit
cheeks, that wore livid until now: her
eyeballs were dislenled with horror.
Then she, too, fell on the floor beside her
There was bustle ami contusion; the
jail i and his wife brought holp and bora
them out. (liles Ellis and Ann Bigger
approached the entrance, followed by
Ezra Easty, bul tho jailer at a sign sud?
denly clo'eil tho door.
"Sincj the murder is ns good as con?
fessed," Mid Jostles Danfo.tb, "wo will
proceed with other matters counoetetl with
this unnatural crime." And DOW tho
couulenauce of tho Deputy was as set
I and hard as the hinges of fa'e. "Great
J injustice has beeu done John bee's wife
aud daughter, I fear, aud it will go hail
I with all who have been instrumental in
j misleading the authorities. As for these
| here," he indicated tbe apprentice, Ann
I Bigger, and Indian Joe with a sweep of
' his hand, "they will oue and all lie here
! and await our pleasure. But," here Jus?
tice Danforth looked sternly at his kins
m n, who strove, but in vain, to meet
his look, "ns for my kinsman thero, tho
punishment ho deserves is much g oater,
since he his, it seems, brought reproach
both upon his father that was my cousin,
aud disgrace on his own head. Speak!"
snid the justice, sternly, as ho turned to
Ihe Indian. "Who was it you sawin John
Winslow's field? You swoie 'twas Mar
t'n Lee here."
The Indian crouched; he looked quickly
from one to the other, aud, seeing scorn
in their faces, suddenly stood erect. "I
lied. He," pointing to Giles, "would
have killed me."
"Then it was Giles x-.nisyou saw in the
Joe nodded, gravely.
"To perjury and suborning witnesses
yen have aided a crime which must be
expiated on tho gallows. Giles Ellis,"
said Just iee Danforth. "But you hnve
Ratal 1 am an upright and impartial
judge, and so I charge you to prepare
within one week to ni ike answer to the
charges brought against you, in the pres?
ence of the people of Salem. As for you,
Dorothea 1 ee aud Janet, you are free to
accompany us to Salem."
So saying, the justices, without farthei
speech, departed from Ipswich jail, fol?
lowed by the Lees, Arthur Proctor, his
uncle, ind Tom Jones walking aftet
The news spread from Ipswich to Salem
in ad\ ance of them.
Strange as it ma ? soem, when the Lees
were well house! again, and Martin Leo
rejoiced at tho recovery of his diamonds,
which wero found concealed in Globe
Inn, where the landlord and his wife had
hoped they would never bo discovered,
thero was not one in Salem that did not
openly rejoice at their release, i nd, judg?
ing from thoir own testimony, ninny had
And now that thero was nothing to pre?
vent it, and as all the country knew they
wore betrothed, Arthur Proctor and Jauet
Lee were speedily married.
Tho morning after their marriage, word
was brought to Salem from I) swich of
the death of Daniel and Grizzle Monde.
Tho Judges set a day for their trial; the
end promised to be speedy. The prison?
ers, anon learning that Ihe diamonds
were found, no lo iger denied the charge
that they hud appiopiiated the money
Martin Lee bad placed under his pillow
in his purso, as well as tho silk nag in
which he carried his diamonds. He tes?
tified that ho bad in tho purse "upwards
of sixty guineas and notes to the valuo ol
eighty pounds." Moreover, it w. s DO!
male plain to all that the counterpart tc
the curiously made puise?and the onl*
oue of which anyboly had any knowb
edge?was in the possession of Jane
Lee, a present ma^e to her by Martii
Lee beioro he made his last voyage. Hi:
own had never been out of his possessioi
s ive in tbe interval covering the time hi
was wrecked, nnd a prisoner in Africa
In the meantime it lay in the hands of
jeweler in Liverpool. The shrewdues
Arthur Prootor displayed in obtainim
from John Loo Janet's purse, and pro
dncing it in (he presence of tho landlor
of Globo Inn and his wife, thcreb
obtaining the first clue lhat le
to their exposure, was commenle
upon more than the exhuming of th
remains of the landlord's son. Thes
things being freely commented upon i
the presence of Grizzle Meade and be
ns husband, dreading tho scorn they kne'
th they would be subjected to duiiug a pub
di lie trial for their crimes, they mustere
sufficient coinage to hang themselves i
Ipswich Jail. When their fellow-prisor
era awoke one morning, they beheld, i
the gray light, two forms hanging againi
the prison walls. When Ezra Easty bo
held them, he fell in a ht, and when h
revived was a simpleton, and died a sin
pleton. Ann Bigger was detained mau
months ia Ipswich Jail.
As for Giles Ellis, ho presented a pit ii
ble spectacle during his trial, which toe
place within a fortnight, and when 1
was hauged on Will's Hill 'twas said ii
mnn or woman betrayed such a crave
spirit as he who wantonly killed h
neighbor's horse and sheep and conspire
to cast the blame upon an innocent ma
Tradition says Martin Lee and To
Jones, having moro thin sufficed the
wauts, give np the sea, aud "settled dov
to their grog and their comfort," lo er
ploy their own language, in Salem.
The Globo Inn changed hands repoa
odly, but it never throve. From a pub]
house it became a workshop. Years aft
the incidents here related took place,
was pointed ont as the scene of tbe mc
striking tragedies to be found in the re
ords o' Salem.
Alii, nf thc Tudor sovereigns nf E
gland were noted fnr having what
called "a will nf their own," and had
strong iuclinatiem to bc despotic.
New Hampshire was separated frc
Massachusetts in 1679, and became
royal colony in that year.
Judge Dallas, of tha United States Court,
few York, gavo a decision declaring tho
Vestou patent on the hydro-carbon treat
nent of incandescent lamp filments, owned
>y tho Uuited States Company, to bo invalid
-a Anal victory for the Edisou Company.
?Chicago Republicans nominated George
j. Hwllt and the Democrats uomloatod Johu
r. Hopkins for mayor. Charles Kosminski,
i banker, dropped dead in tho Republican
convention.-The Han Francisco Hoard of
Prado nnd tho Associated Wholesale Grocers
af California have declared war ou tho Wilson
tariff.-Kx-M?yor Robert Liddell, of Pi;t3
burg, died at the ago of fifty-two years.
Fire did $,25(>,000 damage in the Cornell
Building, New York eily.?Lewis C. Arthur
county treasurer at Bedford City, Va., was
Indicted on a charge of misappropriating
school tunda.-Tho Biitish steamer Weath?
erly, from Fernandina, Fla., for Norfolk,
word ashore on Hatteras Shoal*-Nicho'as
Bergstrom and bis two children were killed
In a snowslide at Glendale. Mon.
Mrs. Josephine Murray, who kept a board?
ing house lu Brooklyn,was burned to death.
Rho occupied thei two back rooms on the first
floor of tha houso. A lamp which she. kept
burning all Dight exploded nnd set Aro to
the boase.? Arlington L. Byers, of Rising
Sun, 0., was accidenCy shot, his dog pulling
thc hammer of Ibe gun. -?-Major Charles J.
Dickey, retired, died nt his home !n Boaver
Palls, l\i.-George Armstrong, who killed
Kate Downe, a wh te woman, was hung ia
Louisville, Ky.?-Tho tannery at Romney,
W. Va,, owned and operated by tho Uuited
Btatee Leather Company, burned to the
ground. Lost between Mis' 0 l and $.'5,0)),
fully covered by insurauc".-Tho police ol
Bessemer, Ala., havo under nrre.it a negro
giving the natue of Jim Buckley, who they
believe, ls Roelius Julinu, who murdered
Judge Victor Estoptaal in Jeffy son Parish,
La., September 15,and for which threebroth
ers of Julian were I)ached Kt tho time.-?
Tho new town site of tbegol J di3eovery,uear
Hnrt^cl Station, Col , has boen named Bal?
four, in honor of tho English champion of
bimetallism. The town site company is cap?
ital zo.l at $100,CO'). A board of dlreo'.ors was
elected The town site is tho only patented
land within miles of the gold fields.-The
et' amer Clyde, of the Tu lueah aud Tennes?
see River Packet Company, was sunk at
Roekport Bar hy striking a hidden obstruc?
tion. She sank In fifteen feot of water.
The Only Fnnuiny, a well-known picture
broker, died in Chicago.-The Brunswick,
(Ga.) authorities issued ? letter of thanks to
their fellow countrymen for aid given dur?
ing their affliction. ? Von Baker, who was
Fenton co 1 to penitentiary for lifo for killing
bia wife nud brother-in-law in Wheeling, W.
Va., died in prison. ? The insurance com?
missioner of Pennsylvania bas declared the
Order of Solon a fraud.-Passenger train
on the Indiana and Illinois Southern Rail?
road was wrecked whilo runulug at a slow
rate of speed through the city liailts at Mat
toon, III. Two coaches left the rails and
were thrown into Be*zer Creek, tx shallow
stream runuing parallel with tbe tracks.
Several passengers were iujurod.-Thoma?
E. Neal shot nud killed Charles Grogan, who
stopped his horse\-SherifT Werner, of
Crittenden county, Ark., who was indicted
for embezzling several days ago, and wbo
kept in hiding siuee, surrendered nt Craw
fordsville, Ark. II j gave bon 1 in tbe sum
of 12,(0*. Last July Werner was found near
the end of tho bridge across tho river with a
bullet ho!e in bis arm and it bHdly bruis ed
head. He claimed Unit ho was knocked off
a trniu, shot and robbed of |12,<00, wtveh
he wns taking to Little Bock to turn over to
the stnto. The story of the robbery wee gen?
Albert F. Fuerst, of the firm of Fuerst Bros.
ft Co., agents in the United States and Can?
ada for tbe ealo of chemicals manufactured
by the firm of Bowman, Thompson A Co.,
limited, of England, was arrested In New
York by tho sheriff. Orders of arrest werai
given in two actions brought against Fuerst
Bros. ft. Co., by tho English concern to re?
cover moneys which, it is alleged, the firm
received from the sale of goods sent here,
and which it has failed to turn over.-The
remains of Congressman O'Neill were burlod
lu West Laurel Hill Cemetery, near Phila?
delphia.-Broker Charles Rockwell last
weok secured tho arrest in New York ol
Emanuel do la Cueve, er-vice consul from
Spain, on tbe charge of writing and sending
bim abusive and threatening letters. Tues
day Mr. Rockwell appeared in Jeftersor
Market Police Court and withdrew thi
charge, saying he was laboring uuder a mis?
take when he made it.
MEASTERS AND CASUALTIES
Another engine was wrecked at Sayro.am
Eng.neer J. P. Crawford, ol Chicago, wai
seriously I aided. '
John Ma Jntyrk aud his 18 year-old soi
were stashed to death in a mine nour Hun
Ungdon, West Virginia, by a lull of slate.
Arthur Anokhson, aged 12, aud nnothe
lad. uametl Foster.were drowned nt Milvtlle
New Hampshire, by the breaking of ice ol
which they wero skating.
A passenger traiu on tho Indinna and UH
nois Sou!horn Railroad wns wrecked ut Mat
toon, niinois.two coaches being thrown int
a creek. Five persons wero injure I.
A tie-patch front Topeka, Kan., says tba
the cold wave has ceased increased suffoi
ing to the settlers in Wi stem Kaunas, mot
of whom nre said to lo without nny fu-d bur
Thirteen people,who were returniug bot
n Thanksgiving Day pnrty, near East Live:
pool, Ohio, were caught on n trestle by a
electric car. Mr. Milton Harsha was slrue
by the car and killed, and six others of tl.
party wero seriously Injured.
AaUKOToa li. Byers, of Hising Sun, Obi
aged li*, was shot and killed aftor slatting t
go bunting. He was stopped on a corner t
talk by a brother nud two brothers-in-la*
His dog became impatient, nnd lu jumpir
upon him struck tho hammer of tho gi
with his loot, discharging it.
('attain BonMOV, of tho steamer Europ
which arrived at New York from Loudo
reportod thnt spontaneous combustion fro
a cm-containing chemicals had ceased
Uro ia one of tho holds. Tbe Uro was e
tiiif-uishod hy forcing steam into tho hoi
By tho greatest precautions nnd vigilau
tho flames wero eorflued to the c output
monta lu which they originated,
JEW TARIFF BILL
i Large Free List and Duties
Cut with An Unsparing Hand.
IALIENT FEATURES GIVEN.
ree Raw Materials Given to the
Manufacturer, but the Finished
Articlesaro Taxed Less Heav
lly-The Difficulties the
Committee Met With.
At 11.10 o'clock Monday morning tho new
arin* bill was given to tho public, and Mr.
V'ilson brlelly summarized it as follows :
'Tn the chemical (schedule wo have trans
erred to tho free list quite a number of ar
icles used in manufactures.tho most import
nt of which is sulphuric acid, ono of the
lorner-stonos of all chemical tndusiry. Tho
luty on castor oil Is reduced from K5 to 35
ents per gallon, nud tho duty on linseed oil,
?idell was secretly raked to 32 cents by tin
lonferonco committee on tho McKinley bill,
ifter orch houso had openly voted fora lower
luty, wo put at 15 cents a gailoti. Fig leal
>eing reduced from 2 to 1 cent a pound, lead
>niutfi ore correspondingly roduead.
"In the pottery schedule substantial red tic
ions aro made. Blain white ware is dropped
from tho high selie lula* in which it mysteri?
ously crowded itself. Decorated ware is re?
duced from OJ to 15 per cout. ; undecorated
from 55 to 4 \
'Tu common wiudow-glns9, where close
combinations have kept up tbe pries to cou
burners under the shelter of duties averaging
100 per cent., ti reduction of mote lhau ono
half has been mado iu all tho larger S'ses.
Thero is no doubt that these rates will per?
mit a veiy healthy growth of tho industry
"In plate glass reductions aro * made, the
largest siz s from 60 cents to 30 a-ontu ppr
squire foot. Of silvered, from CO to 35
IRON A NH STEEL.
"In the iron aud steel schedule we began
with free ore. The discovery of the immeuso
deposits of Bessemer ores iu the biko region
and of foundry ores in Alabama has lapidly
swept us to tho leadership of the world of
the production of iron and steel and brought
near at hand our undisputed supremacy in
the great field of manufactures.
"The use of stoam shovels reducos the cost
of mining to a point where the wages paid
'natural labor' are irrelevant. Fig iron wo
reduce from $6 72 per ton, which is from 50
to 9) per cent., to a uniform duty of 22 ^ per
cent., a rate somewhat higher in proportion
than the nat of the schedule because of cheap
freight rates on foreign pig, it being a favor?
ite freight on westward voyages. 8toel rails
we reduce from % 13.44 per ton, now 75 per
cent., to 25 per cent.
"As the pool which has kept up prices so
many years in this country seems now disor
gan'zed, the other producers will Boon nee 1
protection more against Mr. Carnegie, tit
Pittsburg, aud Mr. stirling, at Chicago, thau
against foreign producers.
"The residue of the schedules vary from 25
to 30 per cent, sood screws being put nt the
lotter fig ire. Beams aud girders at 35 per
cent, because of the wuste lu cutting beams
nnd the variety of lengths and sizes, aud also
of the frequent necessity of changing the rolls
in making beams and girders, because of thc
irregular quantities and lengths and sizes ol
"Tin-plates oro reduced tc 4) per cent., t
little more than one-half of tho Meldale]
rate. This is a revenue duty, and ot tho satin
timo enough to permit nny existing mills b
live and nourish. Cheaper grades of pocke
cutlery are 35 per cent. Higher grades 45
Table cutlery ls put ot 35 per cent. Ther
aro very substantial reductions from preseu
rates, which being specific reach tn Bom
grades of pocket cutlery ns high os 'J > pi
cent, but with release of taxes on raw matei
inls, especially on poorlaud ivory for handle
"Sugar has boen a difficult subject to dei
with. Raw sugar was transferred to the fri
Hst by the McKinley bill because nearly a
tho taxes paid on it went to the public tren;
ury. A strong desire among some membui
of tho committee was lo put on ad valoroi
duty of 20 to 25 por ceut. on it aud to abolis
the bounty ut onoo. After much consider!
tion it was decided to roduco by oue-hulf tl
duty on refined sugar Hnd to repeal tl
bounty one-eighth each year, leaving ra
sugar untaxed as nt present.
"In the tobacco schedule those rate9 we
6ougbt which would bring most revenu
The present taxes of f2 aud $2 75 a pound e
wrapper leaf have blotted out many small e
tnblishmeuts and actually impaired revenu
Wo make the rates $1 and #1.25 por pout
on wrapper leaf and 35 cents and 50 cen
per pound on filler tobacco, unstemmed at
stemmed iu each. Manufacturers of tobac
are put at 40 cents. Cigars aro redae
from 84.50 por pound an i :5 per cont, i
valorem to $3 per pound and i.'5 per cen
which is believed to bo tho most producti
revenue rale, aud ls higher than tim law
"Tho tariff on spirits is put at double t
Internal revenue rates on like spirit-, a
somo slight reduction is made on tstil 1 win
malt liquors, ginger nie nnd like bereraf
in tho interest of increased revenue. T
duty ou sparkling wiues is likewise sligh
reduced for the same reisons, that on eba
pagne being put at ?7 per dozen quarts,
against *8 lu the McKinley bill and H in I
law of 1883.
"In cotton manufactures substantial
ductlous are made, especial y on chi
cloths and prints, and the existing system
taxing by count of threads in tho squaro ii
is retained. Hemp and flax nre made fr
dressed line of hemp and flax, 1 cent and
cents respectively. Burlaps aud cotton i
grain bagging aro put at 15 per ceut.
when Imported for coveriug of articles to
exported are duty free.
"Wool is made freo. This taiCI the st
from under woolen manufaeiup f aud be
anguishing condition in which they hav*
jeen for a quarter of a century, aud that wo
nay get woolen goods at reasonable rates
nstead of at duties that on common grados
n quently reached 100 per cent., und in cases
wo or three times that merciless figure.
[Moths and dross goods are put at 40 por
:ent., clothing at 45 per cut. rates higher
han the committee desired, but deemed tem?
porarily necessary because our manufactures
liave so long been excluded from twi -thirds
of tho wools of tho world that they will have
to learn tho art of manufacturing with free
wool. A sliding scale is, therefore, added
by which tho rates in the woolen schedule
aro to cone down flvo points with the
lapse of five years. Carpets, an industry iu
which we will soon bo in dependent of com?
petition, aro put at 35 per cent, for Axmin?
ster, Hoqaette and Wiltou, 30 per ceut. for
Brussels, while common grades go elown to
20 per ceut The bill provklcs that the
duties sholl be removed from wool on March
1 nm* reduced ou woolen goods July 1.
"tho above is a rapid summary of tho
chief changes made by the proposed bill, nnd
Will give r satisfactory idea, 1 believe, of Its
general structure. It is estimated that it
will reduce revenue on tho basis of the Im
portatlOM of 1892, about *5),000,0?J) with ni\
immensely larger decrenso of tax binding tu
the American popio. That administrative*
law is rep rted with a few amendments,
suggested by experience of IU operation.
Tho law was chiefly prepared by Mr. Howitt
when ho was in Congress, and tho elMttgM
proposed in our bill nre to moko it mora
effective, whilo at tho same time softening
Borne of the features added by the McKinley
bill that would treat the busiuess of import?
ing as an outlawry, not eutitled to tho pro?
tection ol the government."
MOOKI TA* AND TM RfcVKMF.
The Bepablleaae, aadec tho mles will hnve
10 days iu which to prep ire their report, In
which time tbe mn Jority report will bo itu
labed, and tho bill will then be presented tu
Tho iuterual revnue lent ups ol tho bill
have not been completed. They aili bt con?
sidered by tho full committee. ,[ i-> ? pt led
that they will bo made public this wook. If
not, ut the earliest dato thereafter, lt it*
manifestly tho belief of the committee Hint
tho reduced revenues caused by the chunges
lu tho tariff schedule will bo fully mot by Iha
receipts resulting from the Income tax.
The detnlls of this tax ore yet to bo worked
out. lt is not likely that any conclusion will
be reached regarding them for several days.
Such is tho faith in the income tax on the
part of some of its friends on the committe'i
thnt they inserted that it will not be neces?
sary to raise iuterual receipts from any other
source. It their judgement is followed, it is
unlikely tbat the whiskey tax will be In?
creased, or if it ls the increnso will not ex?
ceed 10 cents a gallon.
THEY SAVED THE EXPRESS.
A Battle Be'ween Freight Trainmen
and Eight Robbers.
floshon, Ind., was thrown Into excitement
by a desperate attempt, made almost within
the city limits, to wreck the New York fast
express, on the Lake Shore Road, which ls
due there at l2.< 9. At 12 o'clock a shrill
whistling in the Lake Shoro yords and irom
tho wotor works plant, which is located Very
close to the Lake Shore freight depot,
brought i wo of tho night polieo ant! a num?
ber of cit [?M to the scone. They found tho
first section of No. HO, the Chicago and New
York fast meat freight in Iha yards, nnd a
badly latlered-up train crew, lt wns learned
from the apparently dazed crew that two at?
tempts had been made to u'jo the lost teu cars
of tho (raia to carry out a dastardly attempt
to wreck Ma IS, the New York fast express
on the Lake Shoro Road. It wns, however,
brought to an unsuccessful eud by the heroic
resistance of the trainmen.
Tho first section ol No. 60 pulled out of
Elkhart nt IO.:::,, with orders to run to Ugo
nier without stop. All seemed well with the
train, but when about a milo from Klkhnit
tho conductor, John Hickok, aud two brake?
men wero attacked by a bund composed of
eight tramps, who boarded tho train nt Elk?
hart, and had been concealed between Ibo
cors. They overpowered tho cre\_,
proceeding to disconnect tbe Iv
when tho crew, assisted by the'
fireman, again seeurod control
A second attempt was mule tlv>
thor on, and from that point into
n run of four miles, a desperate fight
waged between tho eight robbers aud tl
Couductor Hickok, who knew tho <bing<(
that No. I'J was in of ruuniuginto tho frei>
encourage 1 tho brakemen nnd nn extra cou?
ductor, Campbell, who happened to be ou
tho truiu, and they waged a .successful fight
uutil the train reached Goshen yards. The
battle for tho control of the traiu was
pernto for the last four miles, and Conductor
Hickok WM badly brO*Md and pummelled,.-!*
wac etoo oue of the brakemen, whoresida>s at
Elkhart. Tha robbers secured lom watches
aud (ill the money belonging to the crew.
Tba eutfiueer whistled for help uni ofleen
Were quickly on the scene, but the ri
Tho pinn of tho robbers was ono which
would, had lt boen successfully carried out,
Incurred great le>ss >f life. They were eu
deavoriug to leave ?ight or ten cars of th (
freight ou I'm traci- lido which they espeote I
No. r2.wl.ieh was followiugclose after.W'til I
dash. In thc consequent wreck.it is sur
mi9ed that the wreckers expected to get
with considernble booty from tbe expre^
Tho place where the flr^t attempt was a
oue milo (lils side of Elkhart, WM on* ria
gularly well adapted for that kind of
It is a tparsely-settled location, nud |
the darkest places on the Lake Shor* I
Thero :'s ? rather sharp curve there, as
ono uot far from tho city.
No. i*2, the fast express, is the same train
which wis so successfully looted at Iv
two mouths ago, uni is a very heavy train,
never beiug mado up of less than teu or
Wv. R, gum, who for many year* bn?
been the superintendent of tho Botaaleal
('unit De ia Washington, hits, it Is said, per?
sonally directed the planting of BOM thai
I, 00,0 <> ircas in different patt) of thoj
Vatted gin eg.