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THE POULTRY YARD.
VALUE OF CHICKEN FARMS.
J*owl ItnlHlnt I? Much Followed by
i*>. Women in Hinall Towns.
The raising of poultry is one of the
most suitable occupations for women
who live In small towns or In the
country, and when properly and prac?
tically managed money can always he
nnt?e. Children usually like to help
about chickens, and the mother cau
nearly always count on her boys and
girls taking an Interest In the poultry
farm, especially if they are allowed
to have a few chickens of their own.
It can be begun on a small plan
with ordinary barnyard fowls. As the
stock Increases and the business grows
a higher grade of poultry should be
bought and the best possible care
should be taken of each feathered in?
mate of the barnyard. While a good
breed of chickens is always desirable,
the quality of the eggs depends chiefly
npon the food of the fowls.
"White Minorcas and white Ply
mouths are both excellent- varieties,
and their eggs are delicious if the
chickens are well fed.
"Give them meat and nitrogenous
food; it is as necessary as the carbon?
aceous. Give them good wheat grains
not. shriveled, imperfect grains, but tho
best you can get. Cut up clean, whole?
some meat and givo them, and let them
have a good 'run' of ground, covered
With clover and grass. Then there
should be a plot of gravel, strewn with
oyster shells ami pounded bones.
Chickens should have their drinking
water in clean iron vessels. Let ev?
erything about the poultry yard be
scrupulously clean, and the henhouses,
roosts and uestshelvos should re?
ceive the most careful attention.
"A pound of napthallne crystals dis?
solved in a gallon of kerosene and ap?
plied as one wotild coal oil is recom?
mended as a destroyer of lice and oth?
"Take good care of the young chicks.
Do not let them leave the chicken
house until they are old enough and
strong enough to run about and keep
up with the hen. Finely ground red
pepper mixed with fresh meal dough
is a good tonic for chickens during the
winter, and should be fed to them
about once a month. He sure that
their winter quarters are warm, and
never forget to keep them as clean as
Mrs. E. R. Sulley recently read a
paper on "Women and Poultry," at
Spirit Lake Institute. Among other
things she says:
"Keep your chickens warm, clean,
busy and well fed. Have your chtcK
ens to kill in July and August when
the tourists are abroad, not in October
and November, when the market is
flooded. Have your hens lay in tho
winter when eggs are high; you can
do this if you will study them. Then
your chickens will pay.
"Do not do as the farmer does. He
allows bis chickens to roost in the
trees, lay, If they lay at all, wnerc they
can steal their nests In summer, and
raise their chickens in that way." The
farmer comes in some morning and
"The old speckled hen came out this
morning with two chickens." Tho
hens tire gorged with corn one day and
starved the next. To succeed in the
chicken business you must study their
wants and supply them; they need
good care, and that means work."
1 In- Snow tii>oiu>.
Snow goose are exceedingly graceful
ami beautiful birds, of about twenty
eight inches in length. They are
sometimes known as White Brant .and
Hlue Winged Geese. Their range is
very extensive. They have been noted
in Texas, arc abundant on the Colum?
bia river and Audubon notes that be
has seen them in every part of tho
United States which he has visited.
The young geose are gray. At what
period ibey become white is not defi?
nitely known. One that had been cap?
tured while young remained gray for
six years, when in two months' time it
grew to he a pine white. Every
spring these birds migrate to the north
and it is a curious fact that the old.
white, birds go first, followed a week or
two later by the young or gray ones.
Dr. Richardson is authority for the
statement that they breed in the bar?
ren grounds of Ar-tie America. The
young are able to 11 in August, and by
the middle of September they have, de?
parted for the south. They mainly
feed on rushes, insects and berries and
in turn are very excellent eating them?
selves, but are raroly domesticated.
The CiwiIm ?>r Fowls.
A careful observer of poultry needs
no better sign of Its condition than ??
watch the comb. A blight nil corah
show's tiiat the hen or male is he-?.?t:.?"
and vigorous, and if a hen, she v*.?|
probably be a gool layer. After t-?.
egg supply has fa led the comb ?u'
generally lose its color.
itoot Crops for Poultry.
Il would not be wise to fe*o ??oiy
roots to poultry. Yet if the farmer
will use only one-fourth of the grain
ho gives daily and substitute cooked
roots, ho will reduce the expenses ma?
terially and get more eggs.
It is not luck, but pluck and persist- |
ent, applied concentration to all the
minor details In tho care of poultry
that brings Biiccess.
Look at r.nr 25 cont books. Gravatt's
Fair, 9 Salem avenue.
Noble Hearts Ready to Rescue
Unfortunates Who Fall by
the Wayside?Dr. Greene's
Nervura is the Road to
Health and Happiness.
Embittered as many people are by the
trials and disappointments of life, the
glorious fact remains that there is much
more good than evil in the world. There
is brotherly love in
every heart,and read?
iness to pick up un?
fortunates who fall
by the wayside and
start them aright on
the road to happi?
ness. It is this love*
for their fellow be?
ings that has
men to com?
the nerves and
al men, merchants
and mechanics arc
among those whose
love for humanity
has induced them
to make known the
merits of Dr.
Greene's great discovery. What nobler
work could there be than such co-opera?
tion in the relief of suffering humanity?
Dr. Greene's NERVURA
FOR THE NERVES AND BLOOD.
Is your ambition gone? Do you shrink
from every task ? Arc you unable to
sleep? Are you afflicted with neuralgiac
and rheumatic pains? Do you realize
that there is some sort of trouble with
your liver and kidneys? Do you have
the blues? These conditions arise from a
disordered condition of the nerves and
blood. Bad as they seem and are, you
may be assured of prompt and permanent
relief in the use of Dr. Greene's Nervura
remedy for the nerves and blood, the
crowning discovery anjl triumph of a life
devoted to special study of diseases pecu?
liar to modern life.
If you are in doubt, consult Dr. Greene
freely, personally or by letter, at his
office, 35 West 14th St., New York. No
charge is made for diagnosis and advice.
ARCH ROCK DOOMED.
A "Sl|rht" of San Frniicltico liny to lie
Arch Rock, one of tho "sights" of
San Francisco Hay, will be removed by
the Government. It is the most con
splciou8 of the twenty-four dan?
gers to nnvigation which have been
located and charted In the bay.
The rock is twenty-six feet long at
low water level and rises to a height
about equal to Its length. It is
of soft rock, and the waves, beat?
ing upon its base during uncounted
years, have worn a hole twelve feet in
diameter entirely through the mass.
Small boats can pass under the arch
Owing to the formation of the rock
under the water an area of 30,000
square feet will have to he included in
the operations, in order that a uniform
depth of thirty feet may be obtained.
Tunnels such as were used in clearing
Hell Gate will not be necessary since
the rock is so soft as to armlt of attack
by drills operated from boats. The work
will require about two years for its
completion, the climax being one tre?
mendous explosion, by which, if the
calculations are correct, the great
ledge will be instantly demolished. The
spectacle will be grand in the extreme.
Very Thick Ice.
According to Dr. C. H. Hitchcock, a
channel extends from the Champaign
county of tho St. Lawrence In Canada,
past Lake Champlain and the Hudson
river to the west side of the Pali?
sades in New Jersey, where the Ice
movement was due north and south,
as is indicated by the striae and dis?
tribution of bowlders. Bast of this
line the movement was somewhat over
the Green and White mountains; west,
over the Adirondaeks. the movement
was southwest to the terminal mor?
aine in Pennsylvania. At the cul?
mination of the cold period, one lobe
of ice must have started from the Lau
rcntliui mountains in Canada and
,sprcadlikea fan over these mountains.
?1 ne ice was probably IO.OOO feet in
thickness. H. Chalmers In the last
icpoit of the geological survey con?
cedes n similar movement from the
Lnurcntian highlands into Maine. This
eastern lobe reached the Atlantic on
the easl and probably extended wester?
ly to Salamanca, N Y.
For Infants and Children.
Tk? fie- .
BILL NYE HOAXED.
THE HUMORIST THE VICTIM OF AN
AMUSING PRACTICAL JOKE.
Had Hviirtl Wonderful Tillen About San
Francisco*! Cheap IMiiiicrn?Took in Ono
From Soup to Coffee ami Wan Astound?
ed?Ills further Astonishment.
After "Bill" Nye hail become famous
and had taken to lecturing, he had an |
odd adventure with "Sam" Davis,
whom often before he had met joy?
ously and parted from sadly. It was
such an affair as tho humorist used to
delight to put into print, and it seems
impossible that he has not told the
story. If he has the man who has
read it heretofore can skip it in this
Davis was working on a San Fran?
cisco paper, and Nye, meeting him,
asked if it were true that one could
get a royal banquet in the Golden Gate
town for the ridiculous prices men?
tioned by men who bad been there.
Davis suid the stories were over?
drawn, hut still one could manage to
exist upon what was set before him,
even if he did not have a kegful of
money in his possession.
"I'll tell you what," he said; "you
come along with me to dinner this
evening and I'll take you to a rotis
serie?one of these French restaurants,
you know, where you can get some?
thing for 25 cents. Or, if you prefer,
a 15-cent meal-"
"I guess not!" said Nye, who was
spending $15 a day for being allowed
to breathe in the Palace Hotel. "A
quarter meal's cheap enough."
After they parted Davis hurried to
ono of the finest eating houses ia all
the Coast country and had a brief but
convincing conversation with the pro?
prietor. He also called in to bis aid
a man with whom he knew Nye had
?had some pleasant correspondence, and
whom the lecturing knight desired to
meet. In the evening tho three gour?
mets approacned the lair of" good eat?
ing. The menu card was presented,
k was about as long as the Canadian
Paofic's time-table, and made mention
of wonderful things gastronomical.
But Davis and the other San Francis?
can behaved with ill temper when they
Baw it. There was no variety. It was
no better than the 10-cent meals pro?
vided on Kearney street, and hero
they were prepared to pay two bits a
head. Finally these two impatiently
directed the waiters to bring every?
thing that was on the bill, and they
would select something lit to eat out
of the lot. Mr. Nye had very little
hair, but what he had rose in a spiky
"Do you mean to Bay," he gasped,
"that the price of stich a meal as you
are ordering is a quarter?"
"Well," said Davis, in confusion,
"of course 15 cents would be about tho
right price, but something seems to
be wrong with the chef to-day. Try
to make out a little, and we'll go
somewhere else to-morrow. I am
really filled with shame at bringing
you here to such a poor, dismal ex?
cuse for a dinner, but I hadn't been
in here for n month and didn't know it
had run down so."
The two coastwise men objected to
everythng. The wine was not more
than twenty years old, whereas they
were paying money enough to get
good stuff. The lobsters were wrong
In some way, the salads were faulty,
they Insisted; the bird, the fish, the
3irloln?everything clear through to
the fruit and ice cream and pastry and
coffee and cognac was criticised. It
might be considered passable at a 20
cent place, but at a shop where the
price was 25 cents it was inexcusable.
The worst of it was that they had a
guest with them and he would carry
away a poor ouinion of San Francisco
hospitality. Tboy again called tho
proprietor over and forced him to
apologize to the \isitor for tho
wretched food he had served. Then
Davis paid the checks, which were 25
cents apiece, and Nye nearly fainted
when the cashier humbly thanked
The next day Nye sneaked away from
all friendly hands and secretly went
around to that restaurant. He wanted
to have just one more of those stu?
pendous 25-cent dinners. So he or?
dered about one-third of what he had
taken on the previous day. "There's
no use wasting food just because it's
provided so generously and at such
a price," he reasoned. And he called
for his check.
Somewhat to his surprise, the check
was for $22.70.
The Davis dinner had been a nice,
pleasant little prearranged swindle
put up by "Sam" and bis friend and
Weeds Tliat Leaf and Seed.
The following general directions are
useful in the destruction of weeds, if
it lie an annual, do not let it make
seeds?if it be a perennial, do not let
it make leaves.
A CLEVER TRICK.
It certainly looks like it, but there is
really no trick about it. Anybody can
try it who Ims Lame Back and Weak
Kidneys, 'Malaria or nervous troubles.
Wo mr in be can cure himse.it right away
by taking Flertric Bitters This med?
icine tones up the whole system, acts as
a stimulant to the liver and kidneys, is
a blood puriRei and neree tonic. It cures
Constipation, Headache, Fainting Spells,
Sleeplessness and Melancholy. It is
purely vegetable, a mild laxative, and re
stoies the system to its natural vigor.
Try Electric Hitters and be convinced that
they are a miracle worker. Every b>tt)e
guaranteed. Only[60o a bot tic at MassieN
Fr? sb oysters by the gallon, quart or
pint at Catoi/ni's restaurant
The three-fear-old bn\ of 'J. A. John?
son, of Lynn Center. 1.1 . is subject, to
attacks of croup. Mr. Johnson says he is
I satisfied that the timely tise of Chamber?
lain's Cough Remedy, during a severe at?
tack, saved his little boy's life. He is it:
the <lrug business, a member of the firm
of Johnson Bros, of lbat*place, and they
handle a great many patent medicine*
for throat and lung disi-a.-es. He had all
these to choo<e from, and skilled physi
cians ready to respond to bis call, bit
selected this remedy for use "in his own
family at a time when his child's life wat
in danger, because be knew it to bo an
perior to any other.and famous tlo conn
try over for its cures of croup. Mr
Johnson says this is the lx?st selllnir med
icine they handle, and that it gives splen
?lid satisfaction iu all cases. Sold \>\ 11.
C. Barnes. "Ho puts up prescriptions."
A NOBLE FOEMAN.
HIS LAST MOMENT SPENT IN SAV?
ING A WOUNDED ENEMY.
An Episode or the Civil War?A Desperate?
ly Wounded I'nlon Soldier Was Drown?
ing?Unexpected Aid from a Confederate
and the Sad Aftermath.
"Among the numerous Instances of
remarkable endurance and wonderful
vitality of wounded soldiers that I
had knowledge of during the late
war," says a former hospital attend?
ant, in the New York Sun," "1 recall
nono so remarkable as that of John
Peters. At the battle of Ball s Bluff
he "vas a member of tie Forty-second
New Vork regiment. He was badly
wounded In the hip and he fell on the
field. While he lay there another ball
fractured his right knee joint. Ut?
terly helpless, he was trampled be?
neath the feet of the contesting sol?
diers until the close of the engagement
and was then taken a prisoner to Rich?
mond. He remained there four
months, when he was exchanged and
sent with other wounded to the Phil?
adelphia hospital. I was an attend?
ant there. Petcrs's wounds had been
bo carelessly attondod to that he was
worse off, if anything, than when ho
was first wounded. We did the best
we could for him, but he was in such
s-hape when able to leave the hospital
that he was discharged from the ser?
vice as permanently disabled.
"Some months afterward I was
transferred to a.hospital at Washing?
ton, and w;is there when the bnttle of
Chancellorsvllle was fought. Two
weeks after that engagement a number
of soldiers who hail been wounded
there were transferred from the
hospital at Acqula Creek to
the Washington Hospital. Among
the most desperately and ap?
parently hopelessly wounded of thes1
I was amazed to discover John Peter...
the soldier who had left the Philadel?
phia hospital to pass officially as a
life-long cripple. When lie was at
last able to tell his story 1 was still
more amazed. After being discharged
from the service as permanently dis?
abled, he had placed himself in charge
of a noted surgeon of that day. and
after some months was made almost
as sound as he ever was. At any rate,
he was able to re-enllst, which he did
in the 115th Pennsylvania, and became
Orderly Sergeant of his company. At
Chancellorsvllle he wns shot in the
right thigh, the bullet causing a com?
pound fracture, and almost at the
samo moment a mlnie hall struck
him in the left hip and lodged there
against the bone. He fell and at?
tempted to rise. As he raised his
head he was hit by a flying piece of
shell, which fractured his skull and
knocked him sciisoless.
"When Peters regained conscious?
ness his regiment had taken another
position, and he lay there between two
raking fires, ballots, cannon balls, and
shells whizzing over him for hours,
until at last he managed to drag him?
self a few yards away to the bank of
a stream where there were bushes.
Grasping a bush, he pulled himself
over the the bank and let himself
down Into the water, waist deep, which
relieved his pain. Our troops retreat?
ed soon after that and the Confeder?
ate Army swept by w hero Peters hung.
After It had passed Peters endeavored
to draw himself out of the stream to
the hank, In hope that he might be
picked up, but he found that the bush
to which ho clung, while sufllclent to
support htm as he crouched in the
water, was not stiff enough to bear
his weight in efforts to pull himself up
on the bank. There was a bush Just
below him evidently strong enough to
enable him to accomplish his purpose,
but it was out of his reach, and if he
released his hold on the bush that was
supporting him to make the attempt to
reach the stronger one, he knew he
would drop helpless in the stream and
"While hv was thus facing death, he
saw a movement on the bank, and the
next moment an emaciated face with
a death-like pallor on it appeared over
the edge. It was the unmistakable
face of a badly wounded Confederate
sohller, who was dragging himself to
the water. The sunken eyes fell on
Peters, and the owner of them must
have comprehended Instantly Petets's
peril, for he dragged his body forward,
and placing both hands on the hush
that Peters longed for, bent it down
toward his helpless foe and gasped:
"'Huyh, Yank! Grab it!'
"The bush dipped so close to Peters
that ho summoned all the little
strength he had left, let go the bush
he was holding to and grabbed at the
Dther one. He caught It. It with?
stood his weight, and. after a long
and painful struggle, ho pulled himself
by It to the top of the bank, As s; a
as he could recover breath enough he
turned to the wounded Confederate,
who lay quiet on the bank, to think
him from his kindness. The man was
dead. His dying breath was spent in
saving the life of a foe.
"Two days Peters dragged himself
about that bloody field of battle be?
fore succor reached him. He had
been reported dead in the Met. He
was sent to the Acqula Creek hospital,
but eleven days passed before his
wounds were dressed. Ills case being
decided to be hopeless, he was sent to
the hospital at Washington, lie was
there a month, during which it was
expected hourly that he would dip. so
desperate was his case. Hi:! he did
not die, and I heard subsequent
having quit the hospital service that
he had been discharged from h s
pital so much restored in he m a ::
tie was preparing for a (hint nliat
ment. Whether he did enter the :
vice again I never knew."
TH E CaTkE walk.
It Was Formerly n Marriage Ceremony
Among Plantation Negroes.
The cake walk proper had its origin
among the French negroes of Louis?
iana more than a century ago. There
Is little doubt that it is an offshoot
of some of the old French country
dances. It resembles several of them
In form. From New Orleans it spread
over the entiro south and thence to
the north. It was found of conven?
ience to the plantation negroes. They
were not wedded by license, and it
was seldom that the services of a
preacher was cnlled In. At a cake
walk a man might legitimately show
hla preference for a woman and thus
puoiiciy claim ner ror witc. in errect
the cake walk was not different from
the old Scotch marriage, which re?
quired only public acknowledgement
from the contracting parties. So
this festival became in some sense a
wooing, an acceptance or rejection and
a ceremony. This explains its popu?
larity with the blacks, outside of its
beauties, with the accompaniment of
music, which is competent at all times
to command negro support. Cake wal
klng has improved as do most things
that are constantly practiced. It has
lost Us old significance in the south.
Negroes now get married, when they
marry at all. in white folk's fashion.
It has become, however, a pantomimic
aance. Properly performed, u is a
beautiful one. The cake is not much
of a prize, though the negro has a
A Forgotten Letter .Hailed.
A Virginia man the other day
mailed a letter which was given Kim.
In lSf)5 to mail, when he was a prisoner
at Point Lookout. In looking over
Borne papers ho found tho letter and
wrote to the Sheriff of Anson county
to know it the man to whom It was
addressed was alive. The Sheriff re
pllcd yes. and strange to relate, was
l-r. a is oflico when the letter of Inquiry
came. The letter was sent in the
No need to ro there for
when yon can get it at any grocer's.
It Makes the Dirt Fly
MA UK ONLY BY
THE N. K. FA1RBAN K^QMPANY.
Chlcut'o. SU Louis. Nowxofl? JJoston. Philadelphia.
It's :i well-known fact that we have one of the
largest wholesale ami retail housefuruishing establish?
ments in the Smith, and a glance at our magnificent
stock will at once convince you of this fact. Having
been engaged in the furniture business in this city for
the past fourteen years, we have made it a study to
satisfy the wants of our many customers.
If you wish to purchase up to-date goods at the low
est spot-cash prices, it will pay youtoseleet them from
headquarters. Our buyer has just returned from New
York, where he purchased a large stock of Fall and
Christmas Goods, which are arriving daily, and when
it conies to Furniture, Carpets, Hugs, Mattings,/China
and Glassware, will say that we have by far the largest
assortment to be found in Roanoke and at prices that
cannot be duplicated. Buying our goods direct from
the. largest manufacturers, in carload lots, for spot
cash, enables us to meet any competition.
Seeing is believing, so if you wish to save money it
will pay you to inspect our line of house-furnishing
goods before making your purchases.
Mattresses of all Kinds made to order on short no?
tice. "Fair dealing, polite attention, ami one price to
all" is our motto.
TBE E. H. STEWART FURNITURE CO,
A Connoisseur in Choice Coffees,
teas and high grade groceries generally
will tell you that we handle only the best
brands of everything in this line, and
keep the quality up to the highest stan?
dard at all times. Our rare Teas and
Coffees, Flour, Cereals and Canned
Ooods, Choice Table Butter, Delicious
Bacon at the price should command the
attention'of the economical housekeeper.
SANDY P. FIGGAT & CO.,
116 Saiem avenue.
' IN TIME OF PEACE
PREPARE FOR WAR."
While tlit-! weather is good
prepare for the bleak, cold
winds of December.
Order a supply of winter
W. K. ANDREWS & CO.,
210 Salem aveiuie,
where the best screened coal
and every grade of wood for
family use can be found. All
of their teams are belled.
?$ Aak for DS. MO'XT'S P3EN?TXKOYAL PILI.S and take no other,
isi't-57~ Send for circular. Price *1.00 ptr box, 0 boxes for ?5.00.
S? DIi~ MOTT'S CHEMICAL CO-, - Cleveland. Oliio.
For sate oy CH/A&. O. FOX.
Tho only uafo, sure and
reliable Female PILI,
ever offered to Ladies,
B ed to married Ladies.
HO? CO St M K 1< l KT B KK I
"A TRAINING IN CLEANLINESS 18 A
FORTUNE." COMPLETE YOUR EDUCATION WITH