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The Florida agriculturist. (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, November 08, 1905, Image 1

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9E OTED TQ TQJOIPR14
JOIPR14 A STATE INTE ES
Vol XXXII XXXIINo No 45 Jacksonville and DeLand Fla Wednesday November 8 1905 Whole No 1621 16 1
Why Farmers Should Raise Draft DrafHorses DraftHorses DraftHorses
Horses HorsesThe Horsesrhc HorsesThe
The keeping of large and l better IIcttehorses betterhorses > ettei etteiliorsos
horses would be u i step forward for forFlorida forFlolida forFlorida
Florida fanners A large horse can candraw cundl1w candraw
draw a small load if that is all that tliatyou thatJou thatyou
you have to move or he can easily easilywalk caiJJwalk easilywalk
walk off with a heavy hcav load when whenoccasion whcnoC whenoccasion
small horse horsecan hOlsecan horsecan
occasion oC < lsioll require The
can only onl move a small load and yet yetit yctit yetit
it costs more to feed in proportion proportionto
to size than the large one oneThe oncThe OutThe
The following argument is from the theI theIt theItive
I jive It e Stock Journal JournalFirst Journal1ir8t JournalFirst
First the improved method of farm farming farmiilg farming ¬
ing the use of the sulky and gang gangplows gangplows gangplows
plows riding harrows corn plow nlowjsetc plowetc plowetc
etc call for good draft mft horses to do dothis dothis o othis
this heavy httIV work AvorkWhile workVlliJe workWhile
While every cve fanner should raise raiseliis raiseII raisehis
his II is own horses to do the farm work workhe worlhe worklie
he should also raise a few to sell every everyyear cerycar everyyear
year car And it seems to me the kind of ofhorse ofhorse ofhorse
horse best suited for his use on the Uiefarm thefarm thefarm
farm would be the kind kin to raise for forthe forthe forthe
the market For this reason Sup Supposing SupllOsing Supposing ¬
posing you ou have a good draft horse horseor
or mare blemished by wire curs in insome illsome insome
some way which would hurt them themIn thcmin themlit
In selling to the buyers bu ers They can canbe canlIe canbe
be kept oft the farm and earn their theirfeed thcirfeed theirfeed
feed and the mare can produce colts coltsand coltsand coltsand
and a good draft horse brings the high highest highest highest ¬
est price on the market marketSome marletSome marketSome
Some of the largest business firms firmsin firmsin firmsin
in Chicago and New York buy the best bestdraft be1tdmft bestdraft
draft horses to use on their heavy heavywagons heaYwagons heavywagons
wagons as advertisements mlver sements to their theirbusiness thcirbusiness theirbusiness
business businessOne businessOue businessOne
One of our local horse buyers took tookme tookme tookrue
me to his barn and showed me a draft drafthorse drofthorse drafthorse
horse which he had been trying all alllast alllast alllast
last summer to buy of a farmer in inthis inthL inthis
this county He succeeded in buying buyingthe buyingthe buyingthe
the horse by ll paying Im ing a good price pricelie pricelIe priceIle
lie was a horse of about 1GOO pounds poundsa
A line linehead tinehcad finehead
a J true type of Percheron
head broad broa back good shoulders houl crs a anice anice anice
nice arched neck heavy hea bone He Heremarked lIercmarkCtl Ileremarked
remarked that he would pay pa almost almostany almostan almostany
any an price if he could buy lIu such horses horsesbut horscslIut horsesbut
but he cant find them themI
I inquired about the breeding brce ing of the thehorse thehorse thehorse
horse and he said sa ll the sire is a good goodregistered goodregistcrcd goodregistered
registered Percheron and the dam a athreefourths athree athreefourths
threefourths three fourths Percheron mare of 1900 1900pounds 1000pounds 1900pounds
pounds weight I think while we weshould weshould weshould
should try tI to grow the best kind of ofcorn ofcorn ofcorn
corn and other crops and increase the theyield theyield theyield
yield per acre we should also breed breedour hreedour breedour
our stock of horses cattle sheep hogs hogsand hogsand togs togsand
and poultry to the highest type t pe in inno inno inno
no kind 1i lIIl of stock will we be better betterrepaid hetterrepail betterrepaid
repaid than In breeding our draft drafthorses drafthorses drafthorses
horses as near the true type as pos possible possihle possible ¬
sible sibleNow sihle10w sibleNow
Now the question comes to us how howcan howClIl howcan
can we do this Simply by breeding breedingwith hreedingwith breedingwith
with a purpose or a fixed type Jpe of a ahorse ahorse ahorse
horse in view viewI
I think we could make no better betterinvestment betterinvestment betterinvestment
investment on our farms than to buy buya bUJa
a pure bred draft mare or a team of ofmares ofnmres ofmares
mares They will earn their feed feeddoing feed110ing feeddoing
doing the heavy hea y farm work I speak of
and raise a good colt besides he that will willbring WIlIhring willbring
bring the highest hi llL t market price priceThe priceTl pricefhe
The Tl e high hi h price that pure bred draft drafthorses dl1lrthm drafthorses
horses hm are bringing at the recent purebred pure pinebred lInc lInchrell
bred Kills RIII indicates llllicatt < l to me that farm farmers farme farnners ¬
ers e > aiVj aI improving their ho holes > ses cs all allover allocr allover
over the country cOlllltr which is only onl in inline inIinc litline
line with all Improved methods of offarming offllllill offarming
farming fllllill and stock Rto < l raising raisingSome misingSomc raisingSoule
Some will say R1 Can a fanner fnnll l afford affordto
to pay la from j00 300 100 to 400 oo for a regis registered regitCletl registered ¬
tered draft mare Yes I will just justmention justnllntioll justattention
mention here a farmer that I know knowin
in Clinton county Iowa who owned owneda
a Percheron marc When hen I saw her hera
a year ago a o she was 12 years old andsold Illliltolll and laidgold
sold for 01 jllO 410 This same mare is the Hiedam theclam theduu
dam of eight ei ht colts that sold for 4250 4250I 2j 2jI
I was wn at his sale sa Ie and a 1111 saw RI W seven of ofthem ofthcm ofthem
them sold for 2730 lie had sold one onebefore onelIefore onebefore
before privately IIl atelJ for lr 1 1500 1500Two > 00 00Two OOro
Two years ago another farmer only onlythirty onlJthir1 onlythirty
thirty thir1 miles from here sold four Perch Percheron Perchemnmarcs PerchCron ¬
eron emnmarcs mares for 1415 Two of these theseI
I succeeded in getting These mares marashave maroshayc mareshave
have done the farm work orl and raised raisedfour raisCtlfour raisedfour
four colts in two years yearsWhile Jearshile yearsWhile
While hile I do not expect to do as well wellas wellas wellas
as the parties mentioned I consider considerit
it the thchct host investment I ever made madeFarm madeFarDl tradeFarm
Farm Labor in the South SouthThis Southrhis SouthThis
This question still continues to oc occupy oceUlJ occupy ¬
cupy a large place In the thoughts thoughtsof tIlOu hts htsof
of southern farmers We e quote from fromThe fromThe frontThe
The Florida Fruit and Truck Grower GrowerSome GrowerSOIllC GrowerSoule
Some of our contemporaries are just justnow justnow justnow
now discussing the necessity for more moreand mOleallli moreand
and better labor in field and grove groveand groveand rove rovealllI
and however they may differ it is isto isto isto
to be observed that as a a rule they theyseem UHJccm theyseem
seem ccm to agree upon one thing thin thingnante thingnante1r name namely namCIJ ¬
ly IJ that the negro will not work and andthat nndthat andthat
that in any case his work is so slip slipshod slip6hod slipshod ¬
shod and 1111 uncertain as to be hardly hardlyworth hardlJworth hardlyworth
worth having havingThis ha leavingThis ing ingThis
This is perhaps rather unjust to tothe tothe totile
the man and brother who on the thewhole thewhole thewhole
whole seems to do very er well along alonglilies alongJinc alonglines
lilies with which he is familiar familiarFurthermore familialIIllthermore familiarFurthermore
Furthermore the negros ne ros disinclina disinclination diRinclinntioll disinclination ¬
tion to fann labor for others doubtless doubtlessarises t1oubtleIIrises doubtlessarises
arises in part from the fact that in inthis inthis inthis
this country of cheap land he finds it itso it1m itso
so much easier II < Ricr to work for himself himselfThis himselfrhis himselfThis
This problem is one that could ob obviously obiousIJ obviously ¬
viously never be settled by the influx influxof influxof influxof
of new ne settlers Such newcomers newcomerswould newcomerswould newcomerswould
would as a rule be looking for fanns fannsof
of their own rather than for employ employment employmcnt eniploytacnt ¬
ment oil the farms of others thus thusleaving thull1Ilin thusleaving
leaving 1Ilin the situation as bad as before beforeThe beforeThe beforeThe
The conditions we have in mind mindall minelall mindall
all point to a marked modification of ofagricultural ofI ofagricultural
agricultural I ricultural methods in the South SouthIf SouthIf
If our staple crops are such as de demand demalld demand ¬
mand a host of unskilled laborers laborersand lahorersmill laborersand
and those tho < e laborers are not to be had hadit hallit hadit
it is evident that the difficult difficulty can be beovercome heocrcome beovercome
overcome only by substituting substitutill for our ourpresent ourpresellt ourpresent
present staples such crops a a6 can be becultivated hecultintetl becultivated
cultivated and harvested by mechani mechanical ¬
cal appliances appliancesAs
As the Birmingham Birmin ham News in a athoughtful athoughtful athoughtful
thoughtful editorial upon this subject subjectputs subjectputs subjectputs
puts it itThere itThere itThere
There is little good in complaining
I that the he negro will not work on the tinfarm thefarm thefarm
farm The only onl tiling to do is io to fii fiithe fit fitthe fitthe
the farms to new condition The oil oilorder oltlordcr oldorder
order on the plantation has passw passwaway IJI paossdrd paossdrdaway sL1 sL1IwaJ
away On some plantations and ir irsome in inSOlllC Illsome
some countries cOlln l ls there is still plenty o olabor of oflahUl oflabor
labor at j1O 10 12 I and 15 1 a month monthhut monthhut mouthbut
hut it will not be there long The Thtlabor Thelahm Thelabor
labor question has to be met in new newways newWIIJS newways
ways Either the farmers fu rlllcrs will have haveto hneft haveto
to ft > change dm n e their crops l to hay hu and po potatoes potatoes potatoes ¬
tatoes and things thiu s which do not re require reIluire require ¬
quire much labor or they the will have haveto havetu haveto
to sell cll part pa rt of their land or devote it ilto itto itto
to grazing grazingCost grazingCost mzingCost
Cost of Growing Lemons ZemonsIf
If you are a grower of citrus fruit fruitand fMlitsu1ll1 fruitsand
and your place Is i so situated that yorcan you youeau ou oulan
can safely plant lemon trees lees here i isomething is issOlllcthin issomething
something sOlllcthin that will interest you I Iought It Itou Itought
ought ou ht to be possible to raise lemon lemonin Icmonsin
in this thi state where they can be grown grownat
at all as cheaply as it can be done donein donein donelit
in California A correspondent of the theCitrogranh theCitro theCit
Citrogranh Citro Cit ograph ralh gives the figures 1i ures of the thecost tIleeost thecost
cost on his place Certainly the buei bueiness bU6incs business
ness ncs must be very CIJ profitable at the thepresent theIlresent thepresent
present prices of lemons emons The market marketfor m1lk marketfor < vf vffor
for lemons is seldom glutted and the thedemand tIle11eman thedemand
demand seems to increase faster than thanthe tIUlIlthe thanthe
the supply The trees lCes are much more moresensitive moresen moresensitive
sensitive sen itivc to cold than orange trees treesand tlCCImill treesand >
and therefore the area available for forsuccessful forsucccssful forsuccessful
successful lemon culture in Florida Floridais
is much smaller than that where or oranges 01angos oranges ¬
anges can be raised rai < Cll But within that thatterritory thattcrritorJ thatterritory
territory there ought to be a large in increase incIcuse litcrease ¬
crease in the acreage of lemon trees treesplanted treesIllanted treesplanted
planted as fast as it is possible to toprepare toIIlcIJlrc toprepare
prepare the land and set out the trees treesThe tIccsThe treesThe
The exact cost of growing a box of offruit offllit offruit
fruit is something very e illusive iIhi s e there therebeing thereIlCin therebeing
being IlCin so many other things to edge edgein cd edgelit e ein
in and destroy the accuracy of the thefigures thefi thefigures
fi figures mCs To find out just what the thecost thecost thecost
cost is one oil must have a definite piece pieceof
of ground TollllIl on which nothing llothin else is isgrown isron Isgrown
grown ron This is hard to find but it itseems itScems itseems
seems < that Mr r T E Mosely of Co Corona Corona Coroue ¬
rona in Uiverside county is just so sosituated sosituatCtl sosituated
situated In answer to a query by the thePomona thePomona thePomona
Pomona Review Mr r Mosely sent the thefollowing thefollowing thefollowing
following letter for publication which whichwo whichwe whichwe
we reprint in full hoping that other othergrowers otherrowers othergrowers
growers rowers both of oranges Ol1lll and lemons lemonssimilarily lemonssimilarily lemonssimilarily
similarily situated may be induced to towrite towrite towrite
write their experiences for publica publication publication publication ¬
tion Mr 11 Mosely says saysIn saJsIn saysIn
In response to your request for fo in information informa information ¬
formation forma tion as to what t my ten acres of oflemon oflelllon oflesion
lemon orchard have ha vc actually done doneduring tlon tlondurin doneduring
during durin the year LIr that began October 1st 1stWOl
1004 and ended October 1 1005 lfiO I sub submit suhmit submit ¬
mit the following followin I have kept a set setof setof et etof
of account books hool as carefully as I did didwhen dielwhen didwhen
when banking hanlin I know to a cent ex exactly exaetlJ exactly ¬
actly what my running expenses have havebeen haveheen havebeen
been and what my m returns have beenIf been bemiIf beerIf
If I have ha have harness harm < mended for ten tencents teneent tellcents
cents < or a gopher trap bought bon ht for forfifteen forfiftccn forfifteen
fifteen cents it goes down in my ex expense expcnse expense ¬
pense book I keep track of my hours
lripent ppent in the interest of my orchard orchardand orchanlmul orchardand
and I put my m time in at thirty cents centsan centsI
an hour hourThe houlThe hourThe
I The gross gr l s receipts from my 1000 1000lemon 1000lemon 1000lemon
lemon trees have been extraordinary extraordinaryisince cxtr1ordlnaryTulle extraordinarysiuee
isince June 8 I should say that I saw sawthe sawI sawthe
the great nat demand coming eomin for our Cal California California California ¬
ifornia lemon cmon this past season season by byreason lIyIeason byreason
I
reason of the damage duna e to t the Italian Italiancrop Italianelol ItalianSo
crop elol So I kept my lll crop back as asmuch asmuch asmuch
much as possible possibleBriefly JlQ80SilllcHrieflJ possibleBriefly
Briefly my ten acres of lemons lemonshave lemon8hne lemonshave
have produced lemons that have haveyielded haveJicliled haveyielded
yielded me personally 277G Previous Previousto Pro ous ousto
to June 1 subsequent to October 1 1lJOl
104 I sold lemons from the same ttamegrove oCnmegroe samegrove
grove that netted me 503 03 That Thatmakes Thatmalt Thatmakes
makes malt > s 327 217 from the grove during duringtwelve duringtwelve duringtwelve
twelve months monthsXow lllonthsXow monthsNow
Xow for the expense during the thepast thepn thepast
past pn t year yearI ear
I do not claim that my lemon grove groveis groveis
is a wonderful producer for I know knowthat knowthat knowthat
that many lemon groves get more morefruit morefruit morefruit
fruit from 1000 elevenyear elevenyearold old trees treesthan treesthan treesthan
than I get from miner mine But I do think thinkthat thinkthat thinkthat
that my lll system of bookkeeping per permits permits permits ¬
mits me to know to a decimal what it itcosts Itcost Itcosts
costs me to grow row fruit fmitTo fnlitTo fruitTo
To sum it all a up I find that I can cangrow canTOW cangrow
grow TOW lemons lcmo S iii Ifian an average year for forexactly forexactI forexactly
exactly exactI fortysix and onethird cents centsa
a J box and can pay all a my orchard ex expenses expelllCS expenses ¬
penses with that sum per box I got gotf81
f81 283 for 312 boxes of o lemons In Aug August August August ¬
ust The fruit sold old in New York for forOli
50 506 Oli a box I sold all n my summer summerand summeralld summerand
and fall lemons lemo emotes at an average of 203 203per 203Iler 203per
per lx box > x net to me from June 5 to toOctober toOctoller toOctober
October 1 That seems to me to be a apretty aJlrettJ apretty
pretty fine profit pratI t If I could find a amarket 3market aniarlet
market at one cent a pound for all the thelemons thelemons thelemons
lemons I could grow gIO I would plant plantthe plantthe plantthe
the whole land to lemons Theres a afair afnir afair
fair profit in them at fiftyifive cents centsa centn
a box boxFlorida hoxFlorida boxFlorida
Florida Can Raise the Food FoodThe FoodThe FoodThe
The following editorial from The TheTampa TheTampa 1herllllJln
Tampa Weekly Yccl ly Times contains a atruth atruth atruth
truth that one Florida farmer ought oughtto
to learn learnThe learnThe learnThe
The people of this country have haveso
so long on been accustomed to consid consider ¬
er corn imlispensible to the produc production production production ¬
tion of hogs ho that it comes as a sur surprise surprj surprice ¬
price prj < e to find that there are other otherkinds otherlhulR otherkinds
kinds of feed which are not only onljfcheaper onl onlcheaper onlycheaper
cheaper but actually better JColo JColorado JOolorado 1Goloratio
rado may be credited with making makingand makingmill makingand
and clinching the discovery It came camethrough camethrou camethrough
through throu h the fact that corn corn connot be beraised bernisell beraised
raised profitably in that state in com competition competition competition ¬
petition with other crops better ad adapted adaptetl adapted ¬
apted to the high altitude altitu e and limited limitedrainfall limitedrainfall mlte mlterainfall
rainfall On irrigated lands the small smallgrain smalrain smallrain
grain rain and alfalfa crops were so much muchmore muchmorc muchmore
more valuable that the people could couldnot couldnot couldnot
not afford to raise the corn But they theyneeded tlfeyneCtlell theyneeded
needed meat to eat and they hesitated hesitatedto
to pay the prices for imported meat meatcured meatcure meatcured
cured cure 11 elsewhere el ewhere It was found that thatalfalfa tImtalfalfa thatalfalfa
alfalfa pastured hogs grew faster and andtfiner andrfiner andtfiner
tfiner than any other that English Englishpea EnglishIlea1 Englishpea4
pea pea4 finished them to the best per perfection perfection perfection ¬
fection that sugar beets made a hard hardfirm hnnIfirm hardfirm
firm finely flavored flavored flesh superior superiorto
to that produced by finishing ftni hi g with

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