.S ATUJSD AY- .Arcrsr 9, 1873-
The Olyrnpia Transcript 13 ono of
the very few papers that has discov
cd" in tills region that it is about as
safe to rely upon'the jwoplc, if not
more so, that to place its whole de
pendence and independence into the
hands of a set of men who may own
'and control a railroad. On the sub
ject of Tacoma, the Transcript has
the following, August 2d, 1S73:
The selection of Tacoma was made
bv the commissioners before a line
had been run to that point, showing
a determination to surmount all diffi
culties to reach Commencement 13ay,
where the land ring own a large tract
of land that is now being surveyed
for a town site. No one need fear
but the land ring will control the
building of a road to Tacoma, let the
cost to the bondholders be what it
may. They have a private specula
tion to make, and it will be made at
whatever cost to those who furnish
the money. The success of Tacoma
as a towndepends for its present and
future success on the trade and busi
ness it can command. At present, it
commands the travel growing out of
an excited state of public mind inci
dent to the location of a terminal
point, and the company's operations,
which is at present calculated to
create a certain amount of business
and life. In a few months, the road
will reach Tacoma, the working part
ies will all be discharged, the exite
ment will be cooled down, and the
town left to its own legitimate resour
ces. "When that point is reached, it
will soon relapse into the quiet aspect
of its twin sisteV, Kalama. J3oth of
these points have been selected in
rhe interest of the land ring. The
company's operations thus far have
contributed but little to the prosperi
ty of the Territory, owing mainly to
its desire to create new towns tor spe
culative purposes, and its interference
with the settlement of the country,
by harrassing and annoying the set
tler who has settled in good faith on
the public lands. "Where is the jus
tice of requiring the settler, who has
settled on an odd section i)revious to
the withdrawal in favor of the rail
road, to give notice to the R. R. com
pany before he can prove ip his claim
Many instances of this character have
already occurred. Patents have been
revoked by their influence, "where
cash purchase have been madQof the
government, in order that this com
pany might require additional land to
which in justice they have no right.
The failure of Congress to restrict the
price of railroad lands to two dollars
and fifty cents per acre, contributes
more than anything else to retard
settlement. Their prices for land is
fixed at such a hili rate that no one
will purchase except in favorable
localities. Humor has it that . the
company is on its last legs, without
money, credit, or a reputation for
honorable or fair dealing with the
public. The government should re
quire the company to declare their
western terminus, and the land not
covered by the line actually built,
or to be built, should be thrown open
to settlement. Our citizens should
urge on our delegate the importance
of having some of these questions
that are so deterimental tOvthe pros
perity of the Territory definitely set
tled. The light is whether the R. R.
shall subordinate and cripple the pub
lic interests, or the people maintain
their own rights independent of this
great monopoly. v
The terrible fire in Portland last
Saturday has been the principal
topic in all circles. The-loss of u dis
trict of buildings such as were laid in
ashes by this fire in the short space
of half a day, containing nearly the
whole class in the city who live by
trades and the mechanic arts, is a
matter of no small consequence, but
one of great moment to every citizen
of the State. Everything possible
that can be thought of is being, done
to relieve the distress, and embarrass
ments resulting from the disaster.
'Mayor Ilenry Failing seems to have
taken the situation of tilings into ac
count at a glance, and has designated
certain citizens as an executive com
mittee of relief. A system of Telief
has been arranged, and the work is
.progressing as well as could be reason
ably expected. Up to Thursday
morning $12,000 had been subscribed
by citizens of Portland, proffers of
aid from other cities had been re
ceived, and it is hoped tliero will be
a sum sufficient contributed to.admit
of -the resumption ofn early the same
lines .of business, affording nsrfy the
same amount okemploymtnfc.toitboso
rut of work, thereincihbrtime
OIK SOMER RESORTS.
" Astoria,. August", Ctli 1873.'t
Editor Asteriax: 1 " Q
It is only neccessary for 'one to. make? a
trip to the Sca-hjdc house, and pleasure
grounds of that establishment, and spend
-a day or two in the enjoyment? of that
health giving atmosphere, viewing the
natural and wonderful formations of the
'Coast, 4br a mile or two back from the
now rolling and foaming Ocean; to con-1
veince them, that no place upon the west
ern continent can equal that, for a health
ful and pleasant Summer lesort. In its
natural state twenty years ago, it was
grand and attractive. Its solitude, attract
ed the pensive mind, the grandure of its.
ocean scenery, excited wonder and admira
tion in the mind of the enlightened behold
er. A change is working, civilization has
laid her hand upon the healthful location,
and has decided to add to the charm of
climate and position, to make it the most
healthful and delightful retreat for inva
lids, and for tho?e who desire to retire for
a season from the bustle and business of
this half maddened world. Should im
provements progress a few years, as they
have during the past year, visitors will be
counted by the thousands, instead of by
There are now three large houses of
entertainment on the narrow strip of land
between the Lattie creek, and the Ocean
beach; the principal of which, is the Sea
side house built within the last eight
months. Two Unc substantial bridges,
span the creek, and a third one is being
constructed by Air. Grimes one mile above
the Sea-side grounds. He has. a large
comfortable house, .situated two hundred
yards from the Sea-beach, on a beautiful
quiet spot, sheltered from the stronger sea
breezes by a dense grove of low evergreens,
excluding the rays of the noon-day sun,
making it a delightful retreat for the
thoughtAil and meditative. The grounds
are unimproved, showing the simplicity
and beauty of nature, and the master hand
of nature's god. Mr.Holladay is the prin
cipal moving spirit at this locality, and
seems determined to leave nothing undone
that can add to the attractions of the place,
lie is spending large sums of money to
beautify the place, and make it attractive
for the pleasure seeking public. The
charges for accommodations for visitors,
are indeed moderate considering the
amount of capital invested, with the short
duration of the business season. It can
not give much remuneration for capital
The improvements made at this point
in our county, arejmt the commencement
of improvement and growth, which doubt
less will continue, untill Clatsop" county,
with her advantageous location commer
cially, her healthful climate and rich pro
ductive soil, shall be fully known and
duly appreciated. Visitoiu
Pebble Showek at Sea. The steam
er New York, Captain "Winchester, when
eight miles from land, thirty-three miles
eabt of Portland, on her trip from Boston
lately, between ieven and eight o'clock,
was visited by a shower of pebbles that
fell like hailstones. The watcli on deck,
who was trimming his light at the time,
supposed that some of the crew were pelt
ing him. The whole of them fell abait the
paddle boxes. In the morning lie swept
them up, and threw all but one handfull
overboard, much to the regret of all on
board, as some of them were very hand
some. In the opinion of an eminent geol
ogist, the stones were taken up yy a whirl
wind from some fresh water brook. The
sky presented a very singular appearance
that evening. The wind at the time to use
a queer expression, blew from all quarters.
The stones saved were all about one size,
and present the worn appearance of peb
bles on the bottom of a fresh water brook,
and will weigh about half an ounce each.
Hair of "Different Races. Some
body -who bas been studying the matter
of the form and substance of the human
hair in different races, finds that the hair of
the North American Indian is cylindrical,
that of the whito race is oval, and that of I
the negro may be termed elliptical. It is
alto found that when the hair is cylindri
cal, the stretching and shrinking powers
are equal on all sides of the filament, and
this condition gives it the lank, straight ap
pearance of that of the pure-blood Indian.
The oval hair displays a greater number of
fibers upon the flattened side than else
where a condition which gives to such hair
a tendency to curl or curve in that direc
tum. "When, eccentrically elliptical, it not
only always curls, but often assumes a
spiral shape, as on tho head of the negro.
The hair of tho Chinese -is nearly cylindri
cal, and hence it is that curled hair is al
most unknown among that people.
Peace Commissioner Meacham is
reported on his way to "Washington
wjth the view of obtaining & pardon
' for Captain Jack."
Beaver Lodge No. 35, I. O. O. F.
Moot overy Thursday "evening.
nf S nr1mk- in thn Orlf "Wnllrttv
j-fvi ilail.cornorof Cass and Jefferson
v,;iaj cf roots. Astoria. Mombcrs of tho
Order aro invited to attend. By order, N. It,
Pth o to g r a p h i c A rt is t :,
At tho old-Stand, Astoria, Oregon.
Skamokaque Street Astoria
Under tho Management of tho Rev.
Mr. and Mrs. Hyland,
"Will Re-open on
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 187.3
J$35 Tuition per quarter, in advance, $7 o0.
S. Gr. Skidmore,
Druggist and Apothecary,
lias Ilomoved to his
NEW AND ELEGANT STORE,
111 Tirst St., next to L. C. Hcnrichsen's,
Portland, Oregon. au7
Celelirated Spectacles anfl Glasses
Manufactured by La7arus & Morris,
NEW METHOD OF FITTING- GLASS
cs to the oyo of any person who cannot
sparo tho tiino to come and select for them
selves. Any person who will send us a copy
for samplo of tho smallest sized typo that they
can read at an ordinary di&tanco, can bo fitted
to glasses that will suit tho oyo.
L. C. HEXRICHSEN, & Co., Solo Agents,
109 First street, Portland. au7
Claims on the U. S.,
AND ON ANY STATE.
ALL KINDS OF MILITARY, NAVAL
and Indian Claims, Modoc "War vouchers,
collected by the undersigned. Money advanc
ed on tho awards of tho Auditors,
flS" Pen-on1? having business with Dopart
nionts at Washington, and with any State, will
ploaso apply to C. M. OAKTEH,
Attorney for Claimants,
aiutf Portland, Oregon.
American Ex. Hotel,
Cor. Front and Washington streets.
.' PORTLAND, OREGON.
L. P. W. QUIMBY, C. II. PERKINS.
THE PROPRIETORS WOULD RESPECT
fully inform tho traveling public, that tho
American Exchango having boon recently im
proved in all its departments, they aro mow
prepared to otfer superior inducements to their
patrons and tho public in goncial, at reduced
Board and Lodging, 61 to Si 50 per day, ac
cording to room occupied.
Tho Amciican Exchange coach will always
be in readiness to convey passengers. and bag
gage to and from tho Hotel, freo of charge.
J. K. Gill & Co.,
(Successors to G, A. Steel & Co.,)
"WHOLESALE AfD RETAIL DEALERS IX
BOOKS AND STATIONERY. '
Xo. 7o First stroet, bet. Washington and Stark
St. Cliarl.es Hotel,
Corner Front and Morrison streets,
R. A. WHITE PROPRIETOR
Re-opened since tho Fire.
THE REST HOTEL IN THE STATE,
and tho only ono made of brick in Portland.
Tho house is Superbly furnished, and supplied
with all the modern conveniences.
OU iOOEii WARE MAKDItlG COMPAHY,
BUCKETS, TUBS, PAILS,
AND WOODEN WARE.
Works at Oregon Citj', Oregon.
Tho Oregon "Woodort "Ware Manufacturing
Company having recently completed their
Works at Oregon City, with tho most improv
ed machinery, ombracing tho nowest patterns
and latest patents, imported at great cost from
Massachusetts, tho Establishment, in all its
appointment'', will compare favorably with
any other in tho "United States.
Tho Company aro prepared to fill all orders
for Cedar, Maplo and'Ash Ruckots, Tubs, But
ter Firkins, Salmon Kits, Wash Boards, Shut-,
tie Bobbins, Broom Handles, etcM etc., otc.
Particular attontioTr is called to our Asn
Pails and Buttkk Firkins an article far su
perior to any heretofore in market,, as causing
no unpleasant taste or smoll to the contents.
From our superior facilities wo are onablod
to supply the Trade on tho most advantageous
tonus and by prompt attontion and excellent
workmanship will merit success in our lino.
Healers aro requested to examine Our waros
beforo purchasing elsewhere. '
Address all communications to
J. D. BILES, Agent, '
Notice. Any Buckets or Tub3 manufactur
ed by us which do not give entiro satisfaction,
if returned, will be replaced by now ones,
without charge for fr,cignk
au7 tf J. D. BILES, Agent.
WM. CHURCH & SON, Merchant Tailors,
havoromoved to tho OLD P0ST0FF1CE:
Room, onoosite Odd'Follow's Templo.-Eirstst.'
Portland, Orogon Call and select your Cloth-.
mg for the season il tf
Sfteevo Button Lost.
Dr. ABPEH. 4OT Sky
213 Geary'street, San Francisco.
flSpecial attention to all Chronic and diffi
cult cases. Officl lfooslOK a.'m: to a i i:
t to ly.t 1. m. au7 tf t
G-eprge A. Pease,
Pacific Root and Shoo Store,
Is again ready to wait on his customers, '
At the Old Stand!
S. W. Corner First and Morrison Streets,
Patronize Home Manufactures-.
AIXSLET & DAVIDSON-,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Frames, Shutters, Brackets,
And all kinds of Scroll Sawing.
Having tho best facilities and tho latost im
proved wood working machinery for the manu
facture of tho above ai tides, can otfer superior
inducements to customers, and at San Fran
cisco prices, at Nicolai Bros' Mill.
Also, best quality of Seasoned Codar Lum
per, Ceiling, Rustic and Mouldings. Wood
Turning in all its branches, Rallusters,Nowoll
Posts, Rilliard Balls, Croquet Set5, etc., at
NICOLAI BROS.' MILL AND FACTORY.
Cor Second and E Streets, Portland.
No. 1 North-Front Street, Portland.
,EALER IN WINES AN) LIQUORS AND
Manufacturer or byrups. Cordials, Bitters,
etc., etc. Sole agent for John Wclland's Phil
adelphia Brewery, San Francisco. Beer by
tho keg or bottle.
Goods delivered to any part of tho State. v
ILL'S PATENT IMPROVED SPRING
Stamp, for stamping Linen and 1U00 other
articles. A silver-plated stamp of fine finish
and perfect construction, with bottle of bost
Jndoliblo Ink, Ink Pad, and three entiro Al
phabets, enclosed in a neat box, with full in
structions, sent propaid for only ?L50. Tho
best thing for the price over invented. Agents
wanted. II. C. Barnard Ac Co., 014 Olive street,
St. Louis, Mo. auo tf
WELLS, EARGO & CO.'S EXPRESS.
AVING ESTABLISHED OFFICES IN
all Darts of Oregon, Washington and Idaho
Territories, wo aro prepared to do a General
Express and Freighting business in all its
Freight or Packages will bo called for in any
part of the city (by giving proper notice) and
forwarded with dispatch to any part of tho
world, through our own and connecting Ex
presses, at Greatly reduced rates.
COLLECTIONS MADE, and Commissions
for Purchase of Goods, etc., etc., will receivo
Wo shall continue, to DRAW EN CHANGE
as usual on all tho principal cities of tho Unit
ed States, tho Canadas and Europe, and to sell
TELEGRAPHIC EXCHANGE whon desired.
WELLS, FARGO Js CO.
A. Van Dusex, Resident Agent, Astoria.
L. P. FISHER,
Rooms 20 & 2L Merchant's Exchange, Cali
fornia street, San Francisco,
SOLICITS ADVERTISEMENTS AND SUB
scriptions for tho Tui-Wki?kia' Astoriax
and for papers published in California, Oregon
and Nevada; A ashington, Utah, Idaho, Mon
tana, Colordo. Arizona and adjacent Territo
ries; Sandwich Islands, tho British Possessions
Mexican ports, .Nicaiagua, Panama, Valpa
raiso, Japan and China; Now Zealand and
the Australian Colonies, tho Atlantic States
lias created many a new business;
lias enlarged many an old business;
Has revived many a dull business;
II, is rescued many a lost ousinoss;
lias saved many a failing business;
lias preserved many a large business;
And insures success in any business.
GIRAllD'S SECRET Stophen Girard used
to say in old age: "I have always considered
advertising liberally and long fo bo tho great
medium of success in business, and the prelude
to wealth. And I havo made it an irvariblo
rulo to advertise in dull times as well as tho
busiest, long oxperienco showing that money
thus spent is well laid out, as by continually
keeping my business before the public it has
secured many sales that I othcrwiso would
ADVERTISE YOUR BUSINESS. '
KEEP your NAME BEFORE the PUBLIC.
Judicious Advertising Insures
If Business is dull, ADVERTISE!
If Business is brisk ADVERTISE!
i$W Tho man who didn't believe in advertis
ing has gono into partnership with tho Shoriff,
and that'official doos tho advertising.
LATE OF LA PORTE, INDIANA.
1ST Having commenced business in Astoria
I am propared to do all kinds of Fainting,
Graining, Paper Hanring. Glav.ing, etc.,. in a
workmanlike and satisfactory manner, fc'atis
faction guaranteed, both as to prices and work.
Office Oregon Iron' Works, South Front St.
Portland, Oregon, April 2d, 1&73. J
At a meeting of tho Stockholders of tho Ore
gon Iron Works, it was resolved to continue
tho business. Wo shall continue tho business,
affherotoforo.jmd havo added tho luanutacturo
Rohh's Patent Sifflilianian Head Blocks for Saw Mills!
A great saving of labor, alse:
Rohb's Peient Gang Edger, and tang Latlr Mill T
Wo would invito careful inspection of our work
and solicit tho patronage of Mill and Steam
boat men. Wo navo on hand a largo assort
ment of KEOX 2HTA1WB STOVES!
persons wishing business in our Hno should
give us a caltas iyo aro prepared to do work as
4ow'aa Koodmaterial and workmen vrilKwar
rant. J. A. KOBli, .. 1
ymt Supt. Orgon Iron Workf.
Tho finder of a cold (Bolivia) coin SLEEVE
TTON, ,wifh two fastohings for tho Sleeve-,,
arKCU wiui tuo inui:us?- o. in. v., win rtt-i
e a rowaru 01 siu lor ,11 ompresentation to.
: pscar Kiibourn,
AU(3TJON&KR Ojlico 40 Tirst st., Portland-.
. tz ':- '
a. B.inrntDsox.' s. 1. .v. uilju:;.
A. B. Richardson,
AUCTIONEER Corner of Front nd Oakst..
Portland. Uregon. Auction Sales of Real
instate, Urpcenes, General Merchandise ani
Horses, bales Wednosday and Saturday.
i8?rJ'-,,lrF? !u,??.rt;ment f Groceries. Liquors.
Otc, at Fnvato halo. Liberal advances in'adu
A. B. RICHARDSON
Charles S- Wright,
AUCTIONEER-Cor of Main and Chonnm-s
Streets, Astoria. (.Joods received on consign
ment and sold to tho highest bidder.
DR. S. W. DODD,
Dr. A. D. ELLIS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Ottico on Stark Street, Portland, Oregon
"Witt. L. McEWAN,
II. B. PARKER, '
JUSTICE -OF THE PEACE,
rt5T" Always Ready for Busines."-f
A. VAN DUSEN,
(Register in Bankruptcy),
flFrtrE In 110111105' Building, Portland.
KRUMBIEN A- GILBERT,
ARCHITECTS AND DRAUGHTSMEN,
Crec's Building. Portland, Oregon.
JKSr.Tho Best Counsel; tho Best Drauphs
men;' the Bost Model Workmen, and best
Patent Agent at ashington; the only reliable
place to get jour Intentions put through in
STEAMERS, STAGES AND SLOOPS
U. S. MAIL AND EXPRESS.
From Astoria to Clatsop Bead !
East HORSES! Good CARRLAGE!
.EAVES ASTORIA EVER Y TUESDAY
Ihursilay and fcaturday Mornings.
Arrive Samo Mornings at tho
And SEA SIDE HOUSE
RETURNING Leaves those Houses every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, connecting
with steamer to Portland each way.
&5rDistaneo twenty-four miles, faro Si ."50.
11. B. PARlvER, Proprietor.
The Steam Tug Varuna
. Will leave Astoria everv
M TUESDAY and SATURDAY
s? Jiorning, lor
Carrying Mails, Passengers and Freight.
t53u Other days of tho weok she will bo ready
to go anywhere that business may justify. In
prepared tojighter cargoes, freight, hay, cattle
and wood. J. H. 1). GRAY Agent, Ahtoria.
Oregon Steam Mav. Co.
OTICE-Boats of tho 0. S.
N. Company will leave As- fe:
toria as follows : "5S-
FOll PORTLAND, and intermediate points
Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Mornings,
at 0 o'clock. Returning, leavo Pertland:
FOR ASTORIA, and intermediate points On
Monday, Wednesday and Friday Mornings,
at (5 o'clock, J. C. A1NSW0RTH, Pros
ONLY REGULAR PACKET BETWEEN
ASTORIA. AND CLATSOP.
Carrying the U. S. Mail!
The well known sleop "&
MARY H., &&,,
L W POOLE : - - Master
Leaves Clatsop evory Monday, "Wednesday
and Friday, on arrival of Stages, conneecting
at Astoria with tho steamer Dixie Thompson.
Returning, leaves Astoria every Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday, connecting with tho
Conches for tho Reach. Extra trips made to
accommodate tho traveling public.
FOK SKIPAXON LANDING.
kN AND AFTER THIS DATE, UNTIL
further notice, tho sido wheel steamer
J. N. FISHER ....MASTER
Will leave Astoria daily,
On tho arrival of steamers from Portland car
rying PASSENGERS and BAGGAGE to tho
Skipanon Landing, connecting with STAGES
PQR THE SEASIDE HOUSE !
and all point on Clatsop Plains. . Returning,
will leave SkipariOn same evening.
XfcFox freighter passago apply on board, or
to J h C. CONDON,
' Astoria, July 1-fth . lft?a. navel's wharf.
For Sale Cheap fpr Cash I
G.OODSUBSTANTIAL DWELLING House
1 containing sovon rooms. Lower rooms
hard finished, together witn- throo acres of
good Garden Land, all aador go?d fence. Or
chard, Rarn and Stable, Store-rooms, Wood
house arid other buildings, situated at Skipa
non Landing 'For further particulars, apply to
Ferry. f oodward k C, Portland r ta
RlCiUHy W5SN, Aetodo.
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