Newspaper Page Text
I. C. IHEAXI Editor.
THURSDAY Oct. 16, 1873
OBEGOX CENTRAL RA1XRAI
In the Astorian of the 9th inst. a short
Editorial note appeared, of -which the an
nexed is a cepy:
In a paper published at Cornelius we find
Hopes were entertained by thoNehalcm set
tlers that tho Astoria branch of the Oregon
Central Knilrnarl ivmill inn be built, but this
idea is now abandoned.
We ask: By whom is the idea abandoned?
By the Orogon Central Railroad Company, tho
Nchalem settlers, or yourself? Progressionist?
Jt mut bo tho last, because tho Oregon Central
Railroad Company still receivo applications
for land in that valley from tho settlers, and
i-sue receipts therefor, and tho people have
confidence enough in the building of tho road
to make tho applications and settle under them
como out with your authority for this aban
donment, that tho people may no longer labor
under delusions that may prove ruinous to
them in future.
In response to this the Secretary of the
Oregon Central Railroad Company writes
Office of tuk 0. C. R. Company,
Portland, October 10th, 1&73. J
You refer to a statement in a " Cornelius pa
per," that tho idea of constructing tho Astoria
branch of tho Oregon Central Railroad is now
I do not know who is authority for this state
ment, for I am sure it is not well founded. Tho
Oregon Central Railroad Company have not
abandoned tho idea of constructing that road.
It is ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT ROADS TO THE
growth of this State, and tho idea of its con
struction should not be abandoned by any one.
The increasing difficulties of crossing tho Co
lumbia river bars, caused by the annually in
creasing deposits of sand and earth from tho
extending development of tho great valleys of
tho Columbia and Willamette, warns tho peo
ple of this Stato to labor "for an early con
struction of this Astoria Railroad.
Oregon farmers and Business men want an
iron track always open to tho Ocean, on our
own soil, and this Astoria road is their only
chance. It is demanded aliko by tho obstruc
tions of sand bars in Summer, and ico barri
cades in Winter; by tho interests of tho pro
ducer and tho safety of the exporter. Portland
will continue to bo, as it is now, the great com
mercial center and distributing point of tho
Northwest, but its future growth and prosperi
ty demands a railway to tho sea (not tho Sound),
and Astoria will become to this city what
Havre is to Paris, or Liverpool to London-
And it is important to bear in mind that tho
land grant to tho Astoria Railroad is tho last
one granted by Congress, and that any new
grants aro not likely to bo secured without
great difficulty. That tho financial embarrass
ment now affecting all railroad sefluritios will
operate against the construction of this road,
and it is an important matter for every
friond of this enterprise to labor to" preserve
this grant (already secured), by an extension
of tho time for construction if nocessury..
Very truly yours, J. GASTON.
It may he some satisfaction to the peo
ple to read this letter, from a source which
entitles it to recognition as an official pa
per, bearing the appearance of reliability.
It has never been supposed by us that the
idea of anything like an abandonment of
the enterprise had ever been entertained
by the managers of it, or its more imme
diate advocate. It is certainly, positively,
one of the most important roads to- the
growth of this State, as above expressed
and the present holders of the grant know
full well the value of it. That it may be
necessary, in view of existing circumstan
ces financially, in Europe and America, to
a-k for an extension of time in the con
struction none will gainsay, but we have
confidence that no unnecessary delay will
be indulged. The country through which
tho road is to be constructed i-s one as rich'
in agricultural, mineral and lumbering re
sources as any one of similar area wet of
the Rocky mountains. Concerning this
region, and the advantages it presents for
tho settlement of a colony, we reprint the
Several localities in the Western
States have been settled by -colonies,
and the plan has been found to be a
good one. Oregon is in need of colo
nists, and would imply reward them
should they take up their abode with
in her borders. An unbroken tract
of land is one requisite for the suc
cessful settlement of a colony. Such
a tract is awaiting them in" the Ne
halem valle.v. The land has-onlv
been surveyed this Summer, conse
quently but few have yet applied for
it. There is probably not so desira
ble a spot in the State of Oregon as
this, for two or three hundred fami
lies of industrious farmers, possessing
small means and desiring to settle to
nether. It would not. TjerhaDS. suit
those, who have been accustomed to.
boundless prairies, steam plows, etc.,
but the men content to open farms,
clearing and getting under cultivation
a few acres each year, can find here
rich bottom land, bordered with fer
tile upland, covered with small brush,
easily cleared, a fine climate and mild
Winters; growth- of wild herbage
sufficient to-support stock throughout
the year, with a fine stream of water
flowing through the midst of incapa
ble of driving innumerable saw and
grist mills,, woolen factories,, etc
From Astoria there are two roads
leading in to the Nehalem valley,
respectively twenty and thirty miles
to the settlements. Ten miles of this
can be traveled if preferred by water,
in vessels as.large as the largest river
steamers. As-pioneers generally trade
but little at first with the outer wrorld
there has not been sufficient demand
for a wagon road to warrant the few
settlers in the valler in opening one,
they depending on the primitive
method of packing. A small expense,
however, would enable wasons to
pass through, and another season will
see that improvement
The Oregon Central Railroad from
Portland and St. Joseph, will pass
through Nehalem valley to Astoria,
making that region of" country to
Oregon's real, natural seaport, what
the Tualatin plains is to Portland.
With the construction of the railroad
will also become available the vast
quantities of valuable timber, which
covers the mountains on each side of
The land has been lately surveyed,
and the plats will soon be filed in the
land office- One half of it can be se
cured from the government, bv home
stead and pre-emption and the other
half by purchase from the railroad.
A colony settling in this valley
should have the means of support for
one year at least. Should erect a saw
mill immediately, and during the first
Winter erect temporary houses and
clear off a small tract of land for cul
tivation. After the first crop they
would ber able to support themselves
without difficulty, to 'prosper,, and
grow inft affluence. We hope those
engaged in securing immigration to
this State will give this matter atten
tion, and see that those desiring, to
form colonies are made acquainted
with this inviting field.
It is idle to suppose the disaster
to Captain Hall's expedition will
have any effect in putting an end to
Arctic exploration. Three hundred
years continuous effort, stimulated
by the very obstacles encountered,
will not be baffled by any repulse.
The- world's curiosity is certain to
accomplish the end of planting the
flag of some nation on the precise
spot where there is neither latitude
or longitude where e-very point of
the compass is towards the south
and the polar star shines with nearly
vertical rays. Only about four hun
dred and fifty miles now intervene
between the known and the un
known. Every expedition has gain
ed something towards final success.
!New efforts may look very weak and
foolish to the masses of men, but
daring spirits have never hesitated
or halted because the world showed
no sympathy . with their seeming
rashness. The work is to be done
the great mystery solved and the
sooner the right man sets about it,
the better. There is no such tLing
as- fail, if parties can but reach a
point where they can maintain them
selves during the final advance and
retreat, with adequate supplies to
insure safety. Great as is the risk.
the glory of success will be far great
er. The diamond regions of South
Africa have been erected into a sep
arate colony of Great Britain, under
the name of Griqualand West. Its
extents is 17, 800 square mil es. About
40,000 persons are hunting for dia
monds, of which $5,000,000 were dug
out last year. The diggings have
been well turned over, and people
are diverting their attention to agri
culture and to developing the miner
al resources of iron, copper and coal.
Kbthing has been heard from the
Orange Free State, so it is to be in
ferred that the farmers of the- little
republic thought it wisest to make
no fuss when the British lion laid its
claw on a portion of their territory.
Wheat is worth at Liverpool 12s
6d; at San Francisco, $2.10; at Al
bany, 90 cents.
A Eugene paper says: " Oregon's
great living curiosity, -Wrestling
Joe,' has been begging through our
streets for the past few days."
Albany has seven grain ware
houses with an aggregate capacity
for storing 610,000 bushels of wheat.
380,000 bushels of wheat, 32,000
bushels of oats, 5,000 bushels flax
seed, and 1000 bushels of barley were
in store on the 25th.
O.VEIt THE aiOUXTAIXS.
!Sme o'clock in the morning -you
are sitting on your horse near upper
The air is pleasant and warm, the
sun is bright, you catch the scent of
the fir trees; and as you. look down,
upon the bayr and gaze-far off to the
Cape, you can almost imagine that
you hear the roll and ripple of the
waves upon the beach. And you
know that the ocean to-day is in his
gentle mood, and that he is singing
his wondrous song of sympathy a
song, more wonderful than the gift
of tongues; for the song is of joy and
triumph to the exulting and happy,
and a weird dirge expressing unut
terable sadness to the heart-broken
and disconsolate. But there is no
ripple on the bay spacious, and
You look across, that was a visual
leap of ten- miles; down to the Cape
fifteen miles at a glance. The dis
tant hills across the bay are not cov
ered with grass.
You see the even curves of dark
green rolling off into purple, and you
know that you are glancing'along the
tops of an interminable forest of fir.
But on the surface of the bay,, the
reflected sunbeams dance and glisten;,
the heavens, you know,.are shadowed
in the water's depths,, but though
you can see the flash of the light the
shadows do not reach you.
Down to the left is the little-town
the oldest town in Oregon the chosen
place of those who had the choice
On the top of that hill, back of the
little town, are stones from which
you can learn that the beautiful bay
is not always so bright and placid as
your see it now; for the stones tell
of the dead that lie beneath, and of
winds and waves between yon hazy
shore and the one just at your feet.
Out in the bay, so far that on a dark
day you could scarcely distinguish
the object from a black rock, the
brightening sun reveals the hulk of
a ruined vessel.
You have heard the story of the
Sylvia. Strange ceincidence: loaded
with the spoils of the woods of which
her name proclaimed her a deity.
You revert to her story; what con
tent was in her cabin, what mirth
on her decks, what cheerfulness in
her forecastle, what visions of loved
ones soon to be encircled by loving
arms, and made glad by golden
treasures. There she stands- now,
preaching night and day the ruin of
her hopes, and the burden of her des
olation. And her silent inarticulate utter
ance speaks more audibly to your
heart of dangers hidden and unseen,
of the vanity of human hopes and
wishes, than any Plymouth pulpit or
deep-toned service of cathedral. You
are in the shade of the tall trees
wrhich rise up behind you gigantic,
and dilated. A passing thought sug
gests that the freshness of the morn
ing will soon give place to the sultri
ness of mid-day; but as you turn you
catch a glimpse of the cirrus moving
landward and you know that the
heat of the sun is to be tempered
by the breeze of sea. .Before advan c
ing into the wood your sight ranges
along the line where stands the forest
like a mighty host embattled before
You select one tree from that count
less multitude and ride up close be
side it. There is a royal grandeur
about it that proclaims it king among
the mighty. You throw yourself far
back in your saddle, and strive to see
the topmost branches.
You are startled by the thought
that this was a large tree whenColum
bus landed at the Bahamas. You
look at it again, it is green and sound,
whjit an ephemeron you are! The
thought has done you good; into your
heart is infused a profound feeling of
humility. Ah! this old shaggy tree
needs no laying on of hands, no jew
eled stole to justify the lesson that he
The Domestic Sewipg Machine took
the first premium at the State Pair also,
four blue ribbons for work. It also took
the blue ribbon at two of the county fairs.
I. W. Case is agent for Clatsop county.
Call and see it for yourselves. 15t
BEGEsraixyG to tcnbekstaxb.
The Eastern people are just begin
ning to understand the Chinese sit
uation'on this coast. Forney's Press
thinks that while theoretically the
opposition to Chinese immigration
may be wrong, practically, and from
the standpoint of the laboring classes
of San Prancisco, it is perhaps, right."
Other Eastern papers entertain the
same opinion. In fact, the subject is
being brought home to them so for
cibly in several of the large manufac
turing cities, that they cannot avoid
the discovery of the evils arising
from this source. The Press, above
alluded to, argues the subiect as
If these immigrants were all intelligent
and industrious, and so many producers
added, to the ranks of labor, the objection
to their coming would not be so strong-or
so general. But the great majoritv, it is
declared, belong to the lowest classes, and
are likely to produce nothing but pauper
ism and crime, of vhich we already have
enough. Therefore, we take back our pro
tests against the ordinance of the San
Prancisco Councils prohibiting the return
of the dead bodies of Chinamen to their
native country, and providing that these
people when arrested shall have their pig
tails cut off. Possibly these are the only
means to stem the Asiatic tide.
New School Books. I have just re
ceived all the different kinds of New School
Books required to be used in this State, that
can now be found in San Prancisco. Also,
Slate pencils, Blotting pads, a good as
sortment of Stationery, Drawing paper,
CARD BOAKD, Perforated board, Ink,
(Carmine, Purple and Black). Likewise a
new stock of Crockery, Clocks and a large
assortment of Lamp Chimneys, all of
which will be sold cheap for cash.
I. W. CASE.
In this city to tho wifo of W. P. Gray, Octo
ber Hth daughter.
To tho wife of II. Berendes, October 12th
George B. McEwan.
k Boat Builder-iite
TS PREPARED TO CONSTRUCT BOATS
i of every description, of tho best materials,
on short notice, and guarantees to givo satis
faction. WBoforo sending to San Francisco or else
where, give mo a call. oHtf
J A HIES W. WELCH,
Office at J. W. Gearhart's Store, Astoria.
ORDERS LEFT "WITH MR. GEARHART
for any kind of Teaming, will bo promptly
attended to. Wood of all kinds constantly on
hand. Orders solicited. oc4tf
G RENVILLE REED, dealer in Fro and
Cured Meats, Canned Fruits, Aregetubles,
etc., has removed to Chenamus street, in rooms
formerly occupied by tho old Astoria Market,
FRESn REEF, PORK, MUTTON, VEAL,
HAMS, BACON AND LARD,
MESS BEEF AND PORK,
W Constantly on hand.
C5T Special attention paid to supplying ships.
The best of everything tho market can supply
will bo found hero. ltf
THE WHOIiESAXiS OYSTER CO.
A S. Gross, Portland,
THIS COMPANY IS NOW READY TO
deliver from one to ono thousand sacks of
1 resh Oysters, direct from their nativo element
three timos a week; we can furnish all kinds,
In any Quantity, at prices Defying Com
petition Customers can rely upon regular trs-weokjy
supplios, either in sunshine or storm
We never Pail, and Alwars last the Sea
G. W. -WARKEN & 'CO,,
oc2tf Astoria, Oregon.
Globe Oyster Saloon
(Late Proprietor of the Globe Hotel, Astoria,)
IS NOW PREPARED to serve his many
friends and tho public generally with
OYSTERS IN EVERY STYLE !
Also, GOOD ENGLISH ALE AND PORTER
Call around at tho old Stand; on Main street,
and give theso articlos a trial. octtf
Oysterville, Shoalwateii Bay,
Pacific County, W. T.,
WHOLESALE OYSTER COMPANY,
F. A. BEAN & CO., Agents,
CENTRAL MARKET, PORTLAND.
rates, Wo now havo
3,000 BASKETS OF THE BEST
Oysters in tho Bay, ready for export Orders
filled "with promptness and dispatch. Sundto
A. WING & Co., Oysterville,
oc2tf Shoalwater Bay, w.T.
HAVING INSTITUTED tho Independent
Oystor Company, at Oysterville. will put
Oysters into the Portland market at th'n lnwnc.f
A. B. IUCHA-RDSON.
S. I. N. GILMAN
A. B. Richardson.
AUCTRdNEER-Corner of Front and Oakste...
Portland, Oregon. Auction Sales of Real'
Estate, Groceries, General Merchandise and.
Horses. Sales Wednesday and Saturday.
C3T Large assortment of Groceries, Liquors,,
etc., at Privato Sale. Liberal advances mado
on consigniaonts. A. B. RICHARDSON
Charles S Wright,
AUCTIONEER Cor of Main and Chenamus
Streets, Astoria. Goods received on consign
ment and sold to tho highest bidder.
AUCTIONEER-Ouico 40 First st., Portland..
'WM. L. McEWAN,
HEKRY S. AIKEN",
H. B. PARKER,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
xrer" Always Ready for Busine?s."tSft
Al TAN DTJSEN,
DR. S. W.. DODD,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,.
UKOIIUK II. DURHAM. II. Y. THOMPSON.
DURHAM & THOMPSON,
Attorneys at Law, Portland.
Office 109 First Street, opposite Occidental
At. P. MULKEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW - 'Portland..
Office in Pittock's Building, Corner Front
and Stark sts.. (up Stairs). Sli.
' CABLES & MORELAND,
Attorneys at Law h Portland, Oregon
Office in Pittock's Building, Corner of Front
and Stark streets, (up StairsJ. sl(i
f U. H.NORTHUP,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
(Registor in Bankruptcy),
Ofick In Holmes' Building, Portland.
O. P. MASON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
CSTLand Cases-and Titles a specialty .""Stt
Dr. A. D. ELLIS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Office on Stark Stroet, Portland, Oregon
KRUMBIEN fe GILBERT,
ARCHITECTS AND DRAUGHTSMEN,
Cree's Building Portland, Oregon..
BSTho Best Ceunsel: tho Best Draughs
men; tho Best Model Workmen, and best
Patent Agent at Washington; tho only reliable
place to got your intentions put through in
Patronize Home 31anufacturcs.
AINSLEY & DAVIDSON,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Frames,' Shutters, Brackets,
And all kinds of Scroll Sawing.
Having tho best facilities and the latest im
proved wood working machinory for tho manu
facture of tho above articles, can offer superior
inducements to customers, and at San Fran
cisco prices, at Nicolai Bros' Mill.
Also, best quality of Seasoned Cedar Lum
per, Ceiling, Rustic and Mouldings. Wood
Turning in all its branches, Ballustors, NowelL
Posts, Billiard Balls, Crocmet Sets, etc., at
NICOLAI BROS.' MILL AND FACTORY.
Cor Second and E Streets, Portland.
TASEVM. FOR, SAT.TI.
ACRES GOOD LAND, situated on tho
oanks of Lewis and Clarke river, ami
known as tho
Is offored for sale at tho cheap rate of $1 25 per
aero. Address, F. FERREL,
s25tf Astoria Steam Saw-mill.
For Sale Cheap 'for Cash !
fJ.00D SUBSTANTIAL DWELLING House
A containing seven rooms. Lower rooms
hard finished, together with throe acres of
good Garden Land, all under good fence. Or
chard, Barn and Stable, Store-rooms, Wood
houso and other buildings, situated at Skipa-
non Landinsr ForflirMlPrnnrimjlnra flnnlv In
Ferry. Woodward & Co, Portland or te
KlfJ-lAltJJ 14 OBSON. Astoria.
'FARM FOR SAU3.
n( ACRES GOOD FARMING LAND
sale very cheap for cash. Tho location is fine:
One and a half miles from the Lower
Landing on the Military Road, and
on the Railroad Survey.
A first class location for a Hotel, Summer
nesort, or JJairy Ranch.
Forty acre3 of this ground borders on Klas-
lianino crook. Thorn is nn nrr-lior-rl nf uiu
on tho place. A bargain is offered. Forpar
ticulars innnirnThf T n iwr. atvt
au!9 lm ' Astorian Office
TTA VTTa T.V.T TTTT? fiT rvni? nnrmrr .1
JUL furniture, lately occupied by me in this
city, 10 ju u&ars. xaneman & .Lawson, the pub
lic aro hereby notified that the new firm will
bo responsible, from thi date, for all bills con-
trnnfpn in fVin nfimn nf" anlA f'll, n.1.1 ?
to this date all bills will bo paid by me, and
accounts" without furthor notice.
Astoria, Sopt. 21, ISTy.tf N. KOErOED