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Astoria, Oregon, Tuesday Morning, Nov. 11, 1873.
TUESDAY, THURSDAY AXD SATURDAY,
Monitor Building, Astoria, Oregon.
I. V. IXEI,.XI Proprietor
One Cony one year.
Ono Copy six months
One Cnv three months
CjZT Single Number, Ten Cents. a-U
One Insertion persqiiare, 10 lines or le?s...$2."0
Each additional Insertion, per square 2 00
Yearly adv'ts per month, per square 1 oO
L. P. Fish Kir, 20 and 21 New Merchants Ex
change, is authorized to act as Agent for the
Astoki vv in San Francisco.
Any friend who foci an interest in the pros
perity of this region, i authorized to act as
Agent for this paper, in procuring subscribers.
The steamer Gustie Telfair was not
able to leave here for the North until yes
terday. She came from Portland Satur
"We are informed that the brig Sheet
Anchor has, been changed for Coos Bay,
and that the Ivanhoe will come to Astoria
from the latter port, in her stead.
From Astoria to Salem in one day.
And from Astoria to Salem before dinner,
returning in the afternoon, arc topics of
our letter from a Farmer which we hope
to see realized some day soon.
No "better weather could he asked for
than that we now enjoy in this region.
In Ohio, and the "Western States there
are snow storms, and sleet, and ice, re
viving memories of thirty-seven years ago,
when that country was perpetually
"snowed in" for live months from, the
iirat of November.
Every resident of this city will be
pleased to learn that the Council have
taken a stand iavorable to all needed
public improvements. The sidewalks
ordered at the hist meeting on Squemoque
and Chenamus streets, between Main and
Lafayette streets, are very desirable and
needed improvements. !Let the ball keep
Col. Xesmith left for his new seat in
Congress "by the Ajax of Saturday last.
He appeaped to be in high spirits at his
elevation to a position so near the one held
before his fall. "Wonder if he will not
take his seat humming something like
Once I was on the nigger lay,
Hut now my hands are hard with toil,
I've scattered havseed in mv ha;.
And blacked my boots with harness oil.
The Granger movement obliterates old
party lines in more than one State this
The Clatsop county Board of Equali
zation have "been notified by the State
Board that it must advance the asses
ment on agricultural lands 20 per cent,
making said assesment $239,751, and also
15 per cent, to the assesment of horses
making said assesment S,975 to' do
which will require considerable labor, and
alteration of figures on the assesment, or
the tax book, which was supposed to be
about O. Iv., as approved by them some
sixty days ago.
The fine new steam tug Sedalia ar
rived on her first trip from Portland Sat
urday morning. She is a neat and trim
built a little vessel as ever floated on the
water. She is officered as follews: Capt.
Eugene Spedden, chief engineer John
Douglass. James C. Fox, builder of her
engines, came passenger by her on the
iir&t trip. She is at Ferrell'svharf, where
sne win receive ner miisinng roucnes, ana
in about one week he ready for any kind
of business that may offer.
A short time ago we met a gentleman
who gave us a piece of information in re
gard to ascertaining the age of horses after
he or she has passed the ninth year, which
was new to us, and will he, we are sure,
to most of our readers. It is tnis: After
the horse is" nine years old, a wrinkle
coms on the eyelid ' at the upper corner
of the lower lid, and every year there-after
lie has one "well-defined wrinkle for each
vpnr ovnr nine. If. for instanci n. lmro
lias tlrree' wrinkles ho is twelve, if he has
four he is thirteen. Add the number of
wrinkles to nine and you will get it. So
never faif.- As' a cood man v"neonlc have
horses over nine it is easily tried. If true,
the nortc. dentist must give up his trade.
Somebody who knows about bears :";u0rtc. rr.'i- f, . i j.
and wolves and woodchucks and J7 .T f nt7 containH about
other animals, and their habits,!400'000 "rfHOnfamte; An attempt, it is
should by this timehaye let the. said wlU be mude m foe New Jersey Leg-
worldicribwVhatkindm a "Winter!
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Post Office Notice.
The Genoral Delivery at the Astoria
Po:tofiice will he open daily, (except Sunday.-),
from S o'clock A. m. until 6 p. m.
On Sundays from 1 to 2 o'clock p. m.
Alone' Orders issued from S a. m. to 4.
For Portland and intermediate offices,
at hYz o'clock a. m. daily.
For Skipanon, Seaside house, and Tilla
mook, daily on arrival of the mail from
For Forts Stevens and Cape Disappoint
ment, "Unity, Ovsterville, and Olympia
Tuesdays aiul Thursdays, at 7:30 a. m.
ForKnappton, Grays river, Klaskanine,
Youngs river, Lewi and Clarke, Neha
lem valley, etc., irregular.
C1IAXGES IN POSTAL LAWS.
1. Franking privilege abolished.
2. No mail matter can pass free.
3. Publi-hors must pay postage on ex
4. Postal cards cannot he sent to dead
letter office, nor used a second time.
5. Postage must be collected on newspa
pers published in the county, when deliv
ered through the mails.
C. Ordinary cards may be sent through
the mails with one cent stamp, provided
the message is printed. The address may
1. Any person who takes a paper regu
larly from the post-office whether direct
ed to his name or another's, or whether he
has subscribed or not is responsible for
2. If any person orders his paper discon
tinued, he must pay all arrearages, or the
publisher may continue to send it, until
payment is made, and collect the whole
amount whether the paper is taken from
the office or not.
3. The courts have decided that refusing
to take newspapers and periodicals from
the pot-office, or removing and leaving
them uncalled for, is prima facie evidence
of intentional fraud.
Astoria Farmers' Co. "Wiiarf and
Warehouse. A portion of this laudable
enterprise we are happy to state is rapidly
approaching completion. The wharf al
ready built 154 feet long by C4 feet wide is
constructed of the best quality of Oregon
Fir. The foundation consists of the larg
est si.ed piles from 16 to 22 inches diam
eter driven with 2S00 pound hammer from
S to 16 ieet into the clay and soap stone
bottom, about G feet from centre to centre.
These are capped with long caps 12 by 14
inches and are bolted with heavy iron
bolls to every pile, and in addition to the
regular piles there are brace piles in al
ternate rows that have been hauled under
the caps with large hlocks and tackles
and then "bolted. Planking is 4 by 12 in
ches from 24 to 54 feet long, spiked down
with S inch spikes.
The frame is up for the warehouse 132
feet long 45 feet wide, and as the contrac
tor is to have it completed by the first of
December it will no doubt be completed
before that time. The property of this
Company is now very valuable and we
will venture a prediction that before one
year from this time its stock will be
worth more than double its par value.
"We had sweet dreams the other night,
"When all around was still j
"We dreamed we saw a host of folks
Pay up their printer's bill.
Ye wish the dream would come to pass,
And. our empty pockets fill,
And thus help us to pay our debts,
But don't expect it will. Exchange.
Insurance placed in companies that
have not complied with the laws of the
State where the property insured is sit
uated (either hy the company direct, or
through agents or brokers,) cannot in case
of loss, be sued for and recovered in any
of the United States Courts, arid the assur
ed is left entirely at the mercy of such
companies, and without remedy.
A singular discussion is taking place in
Jersey City, having reference to the future
prospects of that town, which, it is claim
ed, will eventually outstrip even New
York itself. A map has been published
hy the "World, showing that within a ra-'
! dius of about eighteen miles on ihe Jersey
i shore are .located Jersey City, Hoboken
"Weehawken, North Bergen, ' Newark!
Elizabeth, Rathway, Qreenville, Bayonne
Orange, 'ililizabethport, beacaucus, Ruth
erford Park, Hackensack, Passaic, Patter-
enn rmrl mnnv ntbnr imnllni tnn'nL. nrA
rule uu ui muse iuwhs juuu one large City.
" Dog ding it all tew dingnation!"
is a mild expletive of enraged Yan
kees. Chicago is of the opinion that such
a great work of nature as the Mississ
ippi should remain un(a)bridged.
Those old soakers never lack for
arguments. Lately one replied to a
temperance lecture by the following
peser: "If water rots the soles of
your boots, what effect must it have
on the coat of your stomach?"
An Illinois State Fair Committee
avoided trouble by awarding first
premiums to all the varieties of sew
ing machines exhibited.
The Mennonities don't like the
Far "West. They meet other men
o' nights there who don't agree with
A tombstone in the old village of
Concord, Mass., commemorates a lit
tle girl of 11 years as " excellent for
her reading and soberness."
A man named Gin, in Indiana, has
petitioned to have his name changed,
because he cannot persuade any dam
sel to accept his present one.
"Winona is to be amused by what is
called a wizardian cagliostromanthe
um. The amusement consists in try
ing to pronounce the title of the show.
The little boy who doubled-up his
fists cannot discover that he has any
more of them than before, and has
lost faith in arithmetical progression.
" Manachtaneinks," is what the
Indians first called the site on which
New York is built, and it means "the
place where they all got drunk."
Indianapolis is proud of the alleged
circumstance that Dr. Schliemann,
the explorer of Troy, paid a brief
visit to its baihvick in 1S69, stopping
long enough to procure a divorce.
The young women who mean to
ask admission to Columbia College
will apply for a mandamus if they
are refused. They will be apt to get
something of the sort, whether they
apply for it or not.
The beavers and musk-rats in the
North are reported as having already
commenced to put up double doors
and windows to their dwellings
and the rural seers predict an early
and severe winter.
Eli Perkins writes that Dan Marks,
a veteran baggage smasher, experi
enced religion at Pound Lake, New
York, and has since confessed in open
meeting that he had smashed $13,000
worth of trunks in twelve years, and
had been too sick a good deal of the
time to attend personally to the
They have a judge in Kansas who
fined a lawyer for saying " sic tran
sit." The official thought it was
swearing, and remarked indignantly,
that -lobody should sick him in that
Concerning the superiority of the Co
lumbia river salmon received in Australia,
we have the following, from the Melbourne
Trade review of August 12th: The Ce
sarewitch from San Francisco has arrived
with salmon say 444 hbls and 2Glhfbbls
the bulk of which was not of first-rate
quality and a portion in bad order. A
parcel of fair quality and condition was
offered at auction, August5th, and brought
4da4dl lb duty paid duty 5s per cwt.
The same ship carried 1,200 cs of Columbia
River Salmon, ea 4doz cans. Hapgood,
Hume &Co.'s packing these were in fine
order and condition, and sold at about 16&
iy doz, duty paid about 1G per case.
There are now four lines of Steamer
communicating with Panama, viz: The
two American lines', the San Francisco
and the Central American, and the Eng
lish and the French, whose passengers,
freiglit and specie have to be transported
over the Panama Railroad. By care, at
tention and hard work the Americn naval
force has securely protected the transit and
passengers and their effects have been, up
to this time, transported over the railroad
Capt. Rockhill of Philadelphia pro
poses to introduce a novelty in the way of
ship-building. He has submitted his plans
to a prominent Ship-builder, who has
enough faith in the feasibility of the plan
as to take stock in a vessel after his model
to have the vessel built without the usual
rib frame, which has to be sheathed inside
and out with heavy planks, and is much
more simple. He would have the plank
12 inches wide, and laid flat, one upon an
other, and firmly bolted together. It is
said that 40 per cent, can he saved in the
costof construction by the proposed
method. w & n j,v a ,r e -.
THE YAKIMA RIVER MIXES.
For many years it has been known
that gold in large quantities existed
in what is known as the Yakima
country, but just precisely where
none were able to ascertain. !5he
belief was strengthened by the fact
that on several occasions Indians be
longing to the Yakima Reservation
had sold to the traders at the Dalles
considerable quantities of coarse
gold. On being questioned, the In
dians invariably refused to disclose
where they had obtained the pre
cious metal. Confident that gold was
to be found in paying quantities,
several prospecting parties were or
ganized. They all found the color,
but none wrere successful in finding
sufficient to "warrant them in remain
ing. These reports reaching the
ears of several men residing near
Yakima City, and confident of the
existence of gold in the locality, or
ganised themselves into a prospect
ing party, and about the first of Au
gust last started out, fully prepared
to thoroughly explore a large extent
of country. After an examination
they concluded to commence opera
tions on a small creek which empties
into the "Weenachie. At the expira
tion often days a "clean up" was
made, disclosing that they had only
realized about seventy-five cents a
day to the man. This meagre show
ing discouraged the party, and they
at once determined to return home.
On the 2Qth of September, after trav
eling several days, they camped on
the bank of the Swauk, a stream
about the size of Mill Creek. "While
some were preparing the evening
meal others were examining the
stream, with the vague hope that
possibly they might be fortunate
enough to " strike it." Raking around
among the loose dirt near the wa
ter's edge one of the men discovered
a piece of "gold worth about six bits.
Encouraged by this favorable indica
tion the men commenced crevicing
the bedrock, which in places was ex
posed. Their exertions were soon
rewarded by the sight of a $12 nugget.
During the afternoon, and before
supper, the party had secured in the
neighborhood of $40. The journey
homeward was now indefinitely post
poned. The next day they prospect
ed up the creek for a distance of a
quarter of a mile. The result of the
day's work was $164, nearly $25 to
the man, there being seven in the
party. The stream was then explor
ed for a distance of six miles, and the
farther up they went the richer the
prospects. The dirt from the hills
on either side of the creek averages
seventy-five cents to the pan. "Where
ever the bed of the creek is exposed,
gold in large quantities is to be found.
In some places the water is quite
deep, and to remedy this the course
of the creek will have to be turned,
which can be accomplished without
difficulty. The gold is coarse, the
largest piece found so far weighing
$1S, and very much resembles the
Kootenai dust. Three hundred and
fifty claims have been taken up and
recorded. The diggings are two hun
dred miles from Walla "Walla, and
sixty-five from Yakima city. Along
the creek there is a heavy growth of
timber, and, therefore, there will
be no lack of lumber for mining pur
poses. It is thought the miners will
be able to work through the Winter,
as the weather in that locality is
mild. For the main facts.we are in
debted to Mr. Goodwin, who reached
here on Monday, direct from the
diggings. "Walla Walla Statesman. '
In 1873, the whole number of.
deaths resulting from lightning stroke
was 202. Ofthese 148 were of males
and 54 of females. The mortality-
was greatest between the age of ten4
and thirty. rlhe same-year therfi
were 397 deaths fromsjin-stroke and
1,345 by suicide. '- eeitt , &
The Price of Gold.
Portland, Nov. 10. Gold in New
York to-day, 10S; Portland legal
Tender rates, 90A buying, and iil.V
Virginia will probably go 15,000
for Kemper Democrat.
The Eepublican ticket for State
officers in Massachusetts is elected
In Maryland the Democrats elect
the entire ticket by 14,000 majority.
The Indications are that Minnesota
has gone Republican by a handsome
"Wisconsin has gone Democratic by
6,300 majority. Tile Republicans
concede the defeat of AVashburne.
New York State Election returns
are badly mixed. The Democratic
State ticket will probably be elected.
The men captured on the steamer
virgimus are being tried as pirates.
F. F. Low, Minister to China, wilV
proceed in a few weeks, on his way
to China. He had an extensive in
terview with the President and Sec
retary of State recently. They ex
press themselves satisfied with his
official record as Minister to Pekin.
Accounts of the Grant Parish out
rage telegraphed from New Orleans
November 1st, as shown by all ac
counts, was perpetrated ifter the ar
rival of the Metropolitans, and had
been fully confirmed by publication
in the Sunday's papers of the pro
ceedings. A public meeting was'
held in Alexandria to consider the
A "Washington dispatch of the 4th,
referring to a decision of the Su
preme Court, in the case of Lamb vs.
Davenport, appealed from Oregon, it
was held that contracts m'ade by ac
tual settlers on public lands, con
cerning their possessory title, and
the title to be acquired in future
from the United States, are valied as
between the parties to the contracts,
though there be at the time no act of
Congress by which the title may be
acquired, and the Government is un
der no obligations to grant a rehear
ing of parties in regard to title, un
less they are forbidden by some
positive law. The provision of the
Oregon Donation Act of 1850, which
forbids the future sale of the set
tler's interest until the patent shall
issue, so far from invalidating such
contracts made before its passage,
raises a strong implication in favor of
their validity, whether the husband
or wife who takes as survivor the
share of deceased under the Donation)
Act, takes as purchaser or by inheri
tance. It is held that the contracts
of the husband, concerning the title
or interest in part allotted to him,
made before the Donation Act was
passed, are binding on the title which
comes to his children by, reason of
the patent issued after the death of.
both husband and wife. The decree
MISCEIiliAXEOSJS ITEMS. .;
Tennessee has advertised the re
finement of her people by allowing
a "gander-pulling" exhibition at
her State !fair. The method of con-,
ducting the noble sport is as follews:
A live goose, its neck plucked and
greased, is suspended from a rope at
such a hight that a man riding horse
back can barely reach it. The man'
who can ride under the bird at a
gallop and snatch it from the rope is
the winner. A good way to put a;
stop to this sort of thing would be to
oblige the managers of the fair to act;
the role of goose once or twice.
The Michigan Constitutional Coh-
vention has just closed its fifty days
session. Among the changes recom-1
mended is one empowering the
Legislature to establish maximum
rates of fare and freight onrailrOada.
to regulate the speed of trains and; try
prohibit discrimination. '!
Here are a few of the reasons
why horses are whipped: For stiini-
bling, owing to careless and reckless7
driving; lor slipping down, owing' to
smooth shoes; for shying when fright-
eried: for iiny vigorous efforts to be:
relieved of torturing flies; for, thjif
preaKing- .uown oi. xne vemcic; -ana
sixthly, because .the wind ' blows 'on?
me uriYur's nai,;:
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