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I. C. IKEIAXD.
TUESDAY Nov. 18,1873
MANIFEST If AKBSIIIP.
STorlliern IPacificItnilroatl Proceed
ings with Settlers.
We scarcely know nvhat tolo or
say for our friends those pioneers of
this country who have left civiliza
tion and gone into fhe back woods to
open and develop natural resources
that would never know development
only for them, on a matter which
the following letter discloses. The
letter was addressed to a settler on
Dear Sir In reply to your favor of
the 24th October last, I have to in
form you that inasmuch as we are
now required to give the Northern
Pacific Railroad Compan notice of
the intention of pre-emption claim
ants to make proof .and payment for
their claims, in cases where claims
were made on odd sections within
the limits of the withdrawal for the
Company and when the land was tin
surveyed at the date of settlement,
you will appear at this office on the
17th day of December, 1S73, at 10
o'elock of said day, and bring two
witnesses with you.
If vou know of anv other settlers
in your township who desire to make
proof for their claims, please inform
them that they may appear with
their witnesses on the same day
J. C.HILEMAN, Register,
The letter appears to be very brief,
and at the same time peremptory.
"We should like, for the benefit of a
very deserving class of settlers, to
know by what law Mr. Hileman is
required to do so much for the North
ern Pacific Railroad Company and so
little for settlers on a tract of land
forty miles from the Railroad, a
tract by the way that is not, nor will
ever be, benefitted by the construc
tion of this railroad?
The letter of October 24th to which
this letter refers, was written to in
quire whether the affidavits of wit
nesses to pre-emptions in that town
ship would be sufficient as in cases
formerly, the writer having learned
accidentally that it would not. No
notification has ever been given to
settlers, as we understand it, of the
manner of making necessary proofs
xid payment for their claims. They
con readily send the affidavits, and
money, but no that will not de:
" inasmuch as Registers are now re
quired to give the Northern Pacific
Railroad Company notice of the in
tention of pre-emption claimants,"
ate, " you will appear at this office
(Vancouver) on the 17th day of De
cember 1873 at ten o'clock of said
day, and bring tivo witnesses with
rou" or what? suffer your land to
revert to the Railroad Company,
vjiich is not content with its high
handed robbery of the people of
both nations though the farcical fail
ure o5 Jay Cooke & Co., but seeks to
grasp the last dollar of the horny
handed pioneer in this far off re
gion, whom Congress has thought
lessly placed at the mercy of the
corporation supposing that he would
have a chance to buy of the company
at the maximum rate of 2 50 per
acre under any circumstances, but
which sends an emissary out and
assesses your own improvements
making you pay for them twice over
.or lose all. And it is a fact, Mr.
lijleman, that there is in existence a
law of Congress forcing our settlers to
go from their hoiries to Vancouver, at
an expense of $20 per day with two
men as witnesses whom they pay
wages to wJaen.an affidavit properly
attested would 4o as well? We want
some further information on this
subject. We are ignorant of any
such law. If there is such iaw we
want to prick our flints .aud &aelare
war upon the oo!s that made & In
Tiew of financial events fcranspjlning
in the East, the near approach of tfce
session of Congress, the general eleo
itfons next year, and the desire ojf
people to remain in office this mat
ter looks a little brash and we .pro
pose to have something .further to
juny on ie aubiecfcif. the Northern
have the authority' to snake such per
emptory demands of ireopte who are
their peers so far as -honesty and
high-minded wok is concerned.
There is a class of men interested in
this matter who have been on their
claims for twenty years, waiting for
a-survey of the land, to make their
pre-emptions and payments; men
who have made valuable improve
ments on the land; and we want to
know if these are to be robbed in
such manner? If they had not gone
on this land years ago, and opened
out the country as they have, the
Northern Pacific Railroad Company's
land appraisers could never have got
in to see the land. Are such men to
be swindled out of their possessions?
We ask for information and await
l SHIP BI7IX.DIXG.
A company in San Francisco is en
deavoring to get privileges from that
city to start a ship yard. The Chron
icle questions their ability to build
vessels there as cheaply as at Coos
ba, the Columbia river or at Puget
Sound, where the lumber can be had
without transportation. We think
the Columbia river particularly favor
able for this branch of business, and
now that ship building has become
profitable, and many vessels are re
quired to carry off the products of Or
egon, a large ship yard should be
started in this river.
Any depth of water, from one to
fifty feet can be had here, with gradu
ally sloping banks of hard sand, small
gravel, or clay, as desired. The ex
treme rise and fall of tide at Astoria
is fifteen feet, so that a dry dock
could be built at (and above) low wa
ter capable of floating a thousand ton
ship. The fall and rise of the tide
emptying or filling the dock when
needed, without the labor of pump
ing. No place can be found better
sheltered from winds and rough wa
ter than the banks of the Columbia.
The largest and finest of firs grow
upon the bank in vast quantities, and
can be had at the mills for from nine
to twelve dollars per thousand feet.
Spars of all sizes can be rolled off the
banks into the river. In the bottoms
of the creeks emptying into the river
grow the tide-land spruce, the roots
of which being on the surface, are
easily obtained; and these roots make
the best of natural knees, being Very
hard and tough. In the Wallamet
valley are forests of oak, ready to
furnish such pieces of hard timber as
might be needed. The ore mines of
Oswego can supply necessary iron, and
when completed the vessel could load
with lumber, wheat, flour, salmon or
similar articles of export, and enter
at once in commerce.
On the Sth inst. three schooners
abreast the Carolita, Capt. Simpson,
the Energy, Capt. Jones, with mer
chandise for Espy & Co., the Louisa
Morrison, Capt. Peterson, with mer
chandise for J. 6T. Crellin, entered
Shoal water bay from San Francisco.
The Carolita sailed on the return trip
loaded with Oysters, on the 11th, and
the Energy and Morrison on the 13th.
The schooner Bill the Butcher is now
in the bay having arrived on the 11th,
and the Ida Florence is due, having
sailed from San Francisco on the 6th.
It is estimated that the trade of the
bay this season will amount to over
$200,000, at present prices.
A very singular phase of horse
training was exhibited recently at
Columbus, Ohio. The horse Postle
won a trotting race in three straight
heats without a break, making better
than 2:40 every time. And the same
day, at the same fair, he was entered
for and won the pacing match in
nearly the same time. Such aii in
stance is without parallel.
The portrait of the Pope in mo
saic, which has been in course of ex
ecution in Ihe Vatican factory of mo
saics, is almost completed. The work
asjsaid to be well executed, and thp.
Holy Father is mnrnntprl tn Vnn..,
Iftu&jtbe likeness is excellent.
Hfce Chronological Chart nreoar-
ed by Rey, & C Adams of Oregon,
UieeompAefiea About the first of
Jteoewtar, fefr ty9g lithographed
A Wisconsin paper is bragging of
its hemlock timber. It merely shows
its ignorance of other portions of the
world. It should send out here, and
see the hemlock timber about the
mouth of the Columbia river, where
two men, chopping on opposite sides
of a tree, cannot hear each other
and the bark from one tree xoill run
a tannery a year! "We 've got 'em.
The legislature of Washington
Territory has appropriated $2,500 to
furnish the National Centennial with
a flag staff. The great size, height,
and quantity of Oregon's timber, is so
well known that she does not have to
resort to such expedients to advertise
her natural resources. Why, the
heavens at Philadelphia are not high
enough to admit of the erection of a
natural sapling from Oregon!
John II. Stewart, the embezzling
Postmaster of Pittsburg, Pennsylva
nia, admits that he has taken $30,000
or more. lie was appointed by Grant
in 1S6S, and his friends say the trou
ble is all the result of his incompe
tence and carelessness as a business
Messrs. Fletcher and IIov, the
released Fort Garry prisoners, had a
warm welcome on their return to
Minneapolis. A procession of police,
military and citizens met them at
the depot, and conducted them with
music to their homes, where there
were addresses and hand-shakings.
Answer Wanted. Suppose a man
starts west from Astoria at noon on
Saturday, and keeps up with the ap
parent motion of the sun, where, i. e.,
in what part of the earth, will he be
first told that it is Sunday? The man
of course traveling at that rate would
have perpetual noon.
New School Books. I have just re
ceived all the different kind of New School
Books required to be used in this State, that
can now be found in San Francisco. Also,
Slate pencils, Blotting pads, a good as
sortment of Stationery, Drawing paper,
CARD BOARD, Perforated board, Ink,
(Carmine, Purple and Black). Likewise a
new stock of Crockery, Clocks and a large
assortment of Lamp Chimneys, all of
which will be sold cheap for cash.
Graco Church, (Prot. Episcopal) Rev. T A
Ilyhmd Rector, Divino services every Sunday
at 104 m and? r m; Sunday School at 1 i m
Congregational Church, Rev A AV Tcnny
Pastor. livino services every Sunday at lu
a MandT i m; Prayer Moeting every Thurs
day evening, Sunday School meets at 12 m
Temple Iiodge No. 7 A. P. & A. M.
Regular Communications first and third
Saturdays in each month, at 7 o'clock"
1. M.. lit tho ITnll in AstnrJn. "Unmhm-c,
of the Order in good standing are invited to at-
toncl. liy ordei ot tho W. M.
Beaver Lodge "No. 35, I.O.O.F.
wvffe- Moot ovory Thursday evening.
wCStSsSant 7 o'clock, in tho Odd Fellow's
'ffc?" T-" r I n II. nnrnor of f'.naa nl rnH'mvnn
Order aro invited to attend
stroets, Astoria. jl embers of tho
By order, N. G,
In this city, at tho residonco of Capt J. G.
Hustler, Saturday, Noveinhor loth, 187:5, to tho
wife of S. T. McKk.ix, of .Tulien, San Diego
county, California a daughter-
OREGON BOOT AND SHOE STORE!
S. V. B VRR, j. c. KINGSLKY,
BAKU D KIXGSLEY,
PRINCIPAL RETAILERS OF THE STA
plo brands of Eastern, California and Ore
gon Roots and Shoos, No. l&i Hrst street cor
ner Yamhill, Portland Oregon.
t3- ith our long experience and small ex
pense wo aro enabled to sell cheaper than any
other house in the city of Portland. As Ihe
proverb goes l 00 saved is $2 00 made: Call
and soo and give us your trade.
HARK ct KINGSLEY.
Willamet Iron Works
Incorporated Sept. 11,180.").
Cor. North Front and E sts., Portland.
T. FITTBOGEN, I PETER TAYLOR,
IMH AND BRASS FOIBEBS, BOILER IIHEIR,
General Machinists, and
-A f ANUFACTURE and HAVE FOR SALE
-LU- JJitfn and Low Pressure Maiine and Sta
Vf.n,or'Ennesand filers; Saw iMills, Grit
Mills, Quart Mining, and Agricultural Ma
chinery. WATER WHEELS of several pat
terns, e iiial to any imported, on hand and
made to order, of any size. REPAIRING of
north of Sari Francisco, No charge for tho use
of them. Agents for KNOWLES' PATENT
STEAM PUMP, tho bestfn oxo. Also. Agente
for the AMMON1ACAL PREPARATION for
tho removal of Roilor scale, DkGroot's Or
.namkntal luox Fkxuk. r variety of beautiful
pattorns for Coinot'orios, etc. Houso Casting
etc. etc. JAMK8LOTAK. gf
una toilers promptly attended o.
executed with neatness and dispatch. Th
nil REST STllCJIv I IK1 iM'I'i'i'Uvo
"CHUNK FABRE, at tho Central Market,
JT Portland, has enlarged his COFFEE stall,
and added such improvements as will enable
him to provido Epicures with the best in the
Market Parties furnished with Hot Coifec on
short notice. Give tho Central Market Coffee
Stand a trial ocltf
THE PARTNERSHIP heretofore existing
between tho undersigned under tho linn
name of Hapgood, Hume & Co., doing busi
ness at Eaglo Cliff, Wahkiacum county, V. T.,
is this day dissolved, by mutual consent.
A. S. HAPGOOD,
t. i o,-. , WILLIAM HUME.
Englo Cliff, October 1st, 1878.
rpiIE UNDERSIGNED, (late of Hapgood,
i Iiumo & Co.), has established himself at
AV'ATERFORD, Wahkiacum countyVw!l p uS
der the firm namo of HAPGOOD &C0., where
he will carry on tho business ef packing freh
preserved Salmon in tins.
Ea-le Cliff. October 1st. ish' nAPG00D-
Post-office address: Eaglo Cliff, AYahkiacum
county, Washington Territory. niS : t
Itfain Street ". Astoria.
FRED COLBERT, Proprietor.
THE TRAVELING PUBLIC AND PEO
plo generally will find tho Globe in ovory
respect worthy of their patrenage:
Roard per weok $5 00
" and Lodging per week 15 00
4 by tho day l 00
Single Meal 50
ft2Tho Public are respectfully invited to
give tho Globe a call. FRED COLliEitT,
nl-ltf t Proprietor.
J. WM. WELCH. FRANK JIOBSOX,
JAMES IF. WELCH & Co.
Office at J. "W. Gearhart's Store, Astoria.
ORDERS LEFT WITH MR. GEARIIART
for any kind of Teaming, will bo promptly
attended to. ood of all kinds constantly on
hand. Orders solicited. oe-Uf
S. Gr. Skidniore,
Druggist and Apothecary,
Has Removed to his
NEW AND ELEGANT STORE,
111 First St., next to L. C. Ilcnrichsen's,
Portland, Oregon. au7
C. H. KARLEMAN. w, II. LAWSOX.
HOTEL AND RESTAURANT
Main Street, Astoria.
Farleman & Lawson, Proprietors
BEG LEAVE TO INFORM their numerous
friends and tho traveling public generally
that they have leased tho above named
Newly Built, Hard-finished, and Newly
and propose to conduct tho same in a firt class
manner. Tho houso will be koptopen day and
night. No pains will be spared to insuro tho
comfort of guests. s20tf
Roard per weok $.3 00
" and Lodging per week b 00
per day i 00
Singlo Meal 50
Gremiaiiia Beer Hall
BOTTLED BEER DEPOT,
Clienamus Street, Astoria.
THE PUBLIC ARE INVITED to call and
leave their orders.
Splendid Lager five Cents a Glass,
Free Lunch every Night
oclStf ERNST PAPMAIIL, Proprietor.
Rock River Paper Comp'ys
PUT ON FOR EIGHT DOLLARS
Prejxired Flustering Board,
Sheathing, and Carpet Paper.
For salo by IT. C. MORRICE,
Masonic Temple, Portland.
RegaBias and Trimmings!
Only Regalia Houso in tho State.
"jVfASONIC ROOKS AND BLANKS, GOLD
jjJL and SilvorLoces, Fringes, Spanglos, Stars
Rullion, ote. H. C. M0RK1CE,
n'itf Masonic Tomplo, Portland.
AFFORDS SUPERIOR ADVANTAGES
for tho thorough Commercial Education
of young and middle aged mon. Send for Col
lege paper, nlo DkFRANCE& JAMES.
LAME fflTTIM MACHINE
A PAIR OF SOCKS IN THIRTY MIXUTS
Knits Hosiery, Mittens, and Gloves of all
sixes, complete, without a seam.
Sond for Circular. Agenti Wanted.
A.' VAIL, Gonsral A gant.
A. B. RIQHARPSOX.
A. B. Richardson.
S. I. X. GILS X.
tSJi ?- iEnKCorner of Front and Oak ??..
i5nlnjv 0rc?on- Auction Sales of Real
Ti?'n ! Grcoc1encVGe,nersi1 Merchandise aj.d
Horse- fcnles-fr ednesday and Saturday.
fLpr?0 PVne.0Groci, Liquors,
etc., at Pnvato Salo. Liberal advances mado
on consignments. A. B. RICILARDSO V
Charles S. Wright,
AUCTIONEER-Cor of Main and Chonamus
Streets, Astoria. Goods received on consfen
ment and sold to tho highest bidder.
AUCTIOyEER-Ofnco 10 First St., Portland.
FRANK .1. TAYLOR,
Offico Rrown's Building. Special attention
given to the examination of titles and the col
tection of debts. . oc'JUtf
WM. L. McEWAN,
H. B. PARKER,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
fi5T" Ahvays Ready for BusinesV'-Cn
HENRY S. AIKEN,
A. VAN DUSEN,
DR. S. W. DODD,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
GKORGK II. DURHAM. n. Y. THOMPSON .
DURHAM & THOMPSON,
Attorneys at Law, Portland.
Oilice 10!) First Street, opposite Occidental
M. F. MULKEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW - Portland.
Office in Pittock's Building, Corner Front
and Stark sts., (up Stairs). sltf
CAPLES cfc MORELAND,
Attorneys at Law, Portland, Oregon
Office in Tittock's Building, Cornor of Fron
and Stark streets, (up Stairs). gitf
A. II. TOWN'S en n.
Office In Odd yellows' Temple.
O. P. MASON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
i3"Land Cases and Titles a specialty i
Dr. A. D. ELLIS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Office on Stark Street, Portland, Oregon
KRUMBIEN cfc GILBERT,
ARCHITECTS AND DRAUGHTSMEN,
Creo's Building Portland, Oftcon.
BTho Best Counsel; tho Best Dnujgh
men; tho Best Model Workmen, and Sect
Patent Agent at "Washington; tho only reliable
place to got your intentions put through in
r. J. MARTIN. KDW. MARTIN. D. V. B. Djp&ftK.
E. 33EEAETIM & Co.,
And San Francisco, Califerjifct:
Importers and Dealers ia
Brandies, Wines, I Liquors
Proprietors of the Celebrated
" MILLER'S EXTRA OLD BOOiiBOa gUSIill"
Sole Agents for tio
J. P. CUTTER WHISEX
IIENNESSY AND CARTEL BRAjftDiaS,
In Bulk and Case, (bonStid p-rdutp paid),
All Goods Pertaining q $e Tfcscfe.
O. S. N, Cos Block, Portland,
ocSitf 4U8 Front st.'San Eraisyfcco.
BLACKSMITH AND TOOL MAKEB and
mapurwturer of of all kinds pf
Plaining, Moulding, and Turning Jink
Saws of all kinds Straightened and Be-puired,
and jdj kjnds of a-r Teeth made and repaired
and saws fruiucd and straightened. Orders at
tended to promptly. H . T KEN KM ANN ,
auW 40 Front st,-Poxtlid?
George A. Pease,
Tacific Boot and Shoo Stoj;
Is now prepared to wait on Mi u&gg&s,
At The id Stand Again !
S.TT. Corner Tm aad 2tfo?ri !ets,
10WNSEND & BEAL,
TORNEYS AT LA,