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Astoria, Oregon, Thursday Morning, Nov. 21, 1873.
TUESDAY, THURSDAY .AND SATURDAY,
Monitor Building, Astoria, Oregon.
I. C. IRELAND Proprietor
QnG Copyonoycnr. S5 JO
Jna Copy six months - 3y0
Oqo O-py tlirco month? 1 oO
S Singio Number, Ten Cents.
Ono Insertion pei-square, 10 lines or less...S2 0
Each additional Insertion, per square 2 00
Yearly adv'ts per month, icr dquaro ....... 1 50
L. P. Fiskeh, 20 and 21 New Merchants Ex
change, is authorized to act as Agent for the
AriToui .v in im Francisco.
Any friend who feels an interest in the pros
perity of this rogion, is authorized to act as
Agont for this paper, in procuring subscribers.
See fourth page for Poetry, etc.
The Ajax arrived from San Francisco
The Vesta and Elektra were the only
vessels at anchor in the harbor yesterday.
It will be seen that the ladies of the
Spiritual Society of Astoria are to hold a
The first Ocean steamer to tie to Fla-
vcl'a new dock was the California, hence
or Sitka, on the 17th,
The Ship David Brown had not clear
ed from San Prancisco on the 12th, but
vrould do so on the 13th.
The first trip of the Sedalia was made
yesterday to Wallicut river, for a scow
-load of bark for a Portland tannery.
Young lettuce, with leaves an inch
and a half in diameter, may be seen grow
ing in the garden of Capt. Rogers on Cass
John Hobsons new house on Che-
moque street is enclosed. Mr. "WarnstafF
la building a new house on the hill, and
others are in contemplation.
The Public school at Porest Grove
"has "been abandoned because of the ex
pense attending the change of text-books.
It will be 300,000 loss to the State.
Our inquiries concerning the establish
ment of a starch factory in Clatsop county
have been in the interest of no person
.specially. The field is open for any one,
and a fortune awaits the man who starts
Capt. C. Rockwell of the United
States Coast Survey, who has been engag
ed, on the Columbia river the past season
-with head-quarters at Oak Point, leaves
for California overland to day. His party
vill go by the Ajax.
The bark Powhattan, Capt. Thomas,
m route to this port, is consigned to Falk
ner, Bell & Co. according to the Alta, but
the Bulletin of 13th notes the departure of
the British bark Powhattan, Johnson, for
San Diego. "Which is which ?
Application will soon be made for a
mail route from Astoria to Westport, over
land, by way of Klaskanine, Mishawaka,
"Walkers, and the upper settlement on the
Nehalem. The distance is sixty-two miles
and the petition will be for weekly service.
The Merrimac returned from Portland
yesterday, bringing the Mariano, partly
laden with grain after eighteen days above.
JEvery vessel that has come down within a
?eek, has been either only part loaded or
has grounded, lightered, etc. The steam
ship Idaho lifted over a hundred tons be
fore she got down.
The harkentine Webfoot finally got
away yesterday in tow of the Ben Holla
day for Kalama. She was unable to pro
ceed for -several days in consequence of
strong east winds, a matter which, by the
way, is liable to prevent ships from going
above 'most any time, in fall or winter.
Astoria is the point.
Dr. Glass has been declared ."guilty
as found in the indictment," by a Multno
mah county Circuit Court jury of pro
ducing the death of noor Alary Hardman,
a motherless girl, seduced by a man nam
ed Mealy of Albany. The trial lasted sev
al days, and nearly all the physicians of
Portland were called as witnesses to prove
certain things in medical treatment prov
ing the old saying that Doctor's disagree
as they seem to differ in many import
ant points. Though Dr. Glass is convict
ed, the life and death of the poor girl can
scarcely be considered avenged.
POINT ADA3TS LIGHT.
Much inquiry is made by the masters of
vessels entering the Columbia river con
cerning the Light-house on Point Adams,
for which Congress made appropriation
at the last session.
One entire Summer has passed away
since that appropriation was made, and .io
far as the public can see, there is yet noth
"Whether this apparent delay is the fault
of those having the subject in hand, or the
result of the circumlocution office, we do
This we do knew: That one light at the
entrance of the Columbia, where such an
immense commerce is being carried out
and in, is inadequate, and that more
should be immediately erected.
Masters of steam vessels, and pilots,
claim that if there were a light of different
colors placed on Sand Island, they would
often be enabled to come in during the
night, while now they toss about at sea
waiting for the next day.
"We hope our delegation in Congress
will make it their first duty to see why the
work on Point Adams has not been com
menced, and to make a further appropria-,1
tion to cover the cost of a light on Sand
There is no longer any doubt of the ex
istence of enemies to the growing trade of
the Columbia river; men who would like
to see the business go elsewhere; but our
own people, and Senators and Eepresenta
tives from Oregon should not permit the
necessary lights to be withheld, the river
to be enveloped in darkness, and the State
deprived of her legitimate commerce.
Cruelty to Animals. From report
it seems that there are some beings in this
county who are fit subjects for a Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals,
if not for the consideration of the grand
jury, sometimes persons use a goad in
driving their ox-teams, which has a sharp,
iron prod or noint, with which the dumb
brute is kept in trembling fear or bodily
lonure an me time. JLateiy an ox driven
in this manner in this county, lay down in
the team and refused to rite again, though
repeatedly stabbed by the cruel driver
thrusting the prod into him. Death re
leased the poor dumb creature from its
torturer, and the incident was considered
so marvelous that a post mortem was had,
revealing the not very surprising fact that
the animal died from internal hemorrhage
and mortification, caused by previous pier
cing of the body with the barbarous goad.
Prcd Douglass has not called, and
we are rather inclined to doubt the Bulle
tin's story. The Sedalia moved out yes
terday however, on her first business trip
officered as formerly stated in the Asto
riax, and will hereafter be on hand for
anything in her line. When she gets up
to Portland with a vessel in a few days
the Bulletin can settle that Pred Douglass
business with the engineer.
The Domestic Sewing Machine took
the first premium at the State Pair also,
four blue ribbons for work. It also took
the blue ribbon at two of the county fairs.
I. "W. Case is agent for Clatsop county.
Call and see it for yourselves. 15t
The sloop Mary H., and "W. H. Twi
light, both laid up for repairs recently,
are again running.
"Work is driving along on the Farm
er Company's dock. The roadway will
be completed to-day, and shingling com
menced on the roof of the warehouse.
Delightful weather continues, and
pleasant days are the rule.
Gov. "Woods of Utah is on his way to
A class of women in antagonism,
to the persecutions of the tyrant Man,
have ventured upon a new field of
enterprise in Massachusetts. They
have segregated themselves into a
colony near Boston. "Women are to
own all the real estate and transact
all the business connected with the
organization. It is said, over a thou
sand female members have enrolled
their names on the list The society
styles itself the " Woman's Economi
cal Garden Homestead League," and
the problem to be solved is, u Can't
we get along without the interfer
ence or dictation of men ?" Time
If the church property of the
country were taxable, as James Bar
ton advocates, there would be addi
tional revenue from a valuation of.
of nearly 355,000,000, s
STATE EQUALIZATION I$OARI.
The following table shows the number
of horses, cattle, sheep, and swine in this
State, and the average values by counties,
according to the assessment rolls of 1873,
as reported to the State Board of Equali
zation, at Salem. So far as statistics go it
is all very well, perhaps, but as a produc
tion of mind over matter it would proba
bly rate less than A 1 :
o c o a s
H 2 x
s s s s - 5 aa ?
so C 7? G 5- "
Bol 2 Pi
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j M C - IO JC i- CI t. CC p5 ZS C b3 is is C- C ;
QO as tc C i I r- tc tc CJ V2 wi is is tc i cs to en 2?
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As previously stated in these columns,
there is considerable complaint in various
parts of Oregon concerning the action of
the State Board of Equalization. Accord
ing to their rules and regulations relating
to the duties of assessors, these complaints
are well grounded. "We find some glaring
inconsistencies in those rules, which can
not fail to work injustice in many cases.
First, it is inconsistent with truth to or
der that the Clatsop County Board must
add twenty per cent, to the value of our
agricultural lands, and fifteen per cent, to
the value of our horses. No member of
the State Board has visited this county, to
inquire into this matter, hence is not sup
posed to know any bettor thU our County
Board and Assessor, (officers sworn to do
their duty), who had previously fixed the
valuation and caused the tax book to be
made out according to law. It is presum
ed that the State board have judged of the
quality of our Clatsop county agricultural
lands by comparison with the wheat lands
of the valley, as a basis for their judgment
in ordering this addition to the assessed
valuation. Nor do the State board seem
to understand that the horses of this region
are not work-horses, such as they see in
the farming country, or in cities about their
nomes, Qut mat tney are cayuses, used
principally for packing.
The State board, among many other
things, instruct Assessors as follews:
IIule 10. Where the personal property
of any householder is less than the $300
exempt by law, the exemption noted on
the roll should only equal the amount of
such personal property.
Exactly so; but suppose a tax-payer's
personal property amounted to say 250;
then he could only get an exemption of
$250. Now suppose this property consist
ed of horses, to the value of which the
State board order fifteen per cent, to be
added, making the value $2S7.50 thus
forcing the tax-payer to pay taxes in viola
tion of that law bj' which he is entitled to
an exemption on all the personal property
he owns up to 300.
But again,the Board instructs as follews:
11. In no case should the amount of tbe
indebtedness and exemption of a tax pay
er appear to exceed the amount of his
property. Thus, if the amount of an in
dividual's taxable property is 500, and he
swears to an indebtedness of $5,000, a sum
only equal to the amount of his property
should appear in the columns of indebted
ness and exemption, since the excess of
his debts over his assets is a fact of no bene
fit to the county, but tends to create confu
sion. Suppose the lands of a tax-payer should
be valued by the assessor at $1,000, and
he should be indebted in the sum of $1,500
and land was the only property he owned,
(which is often tho case), according to the
above instructions, as his land is only
worth $1,000, he of course receives a cred
it of only $1,000, which balances accounts.
But now the State board comes in and di
rects that twenty per cent, be added to the
value of this land, and thus it will be seen
that the party has to pay on $200 worth of
property when his indebtedness would
have more than covered the increase, but
now, on account of the instructions to the
assessor, above referred to, he has lost his
opportunity to get the credit for his indebt
edness to which he was entitled.
Considering the matter in all its bear
ings we think the press of the State is jus
tified in its censure of the board. - --
S 9 5 ri 2 s ; pj ii cc -4 oo f-.
r ! r - s-' - iv wi Ci CJ -2Co CC T H- ;i i. cc r3
Turkeys will die game on the
27th. of this month.
The sting of reproach, is the truth
The hardest thing to raise on a
farm is a mortgage.
Dont quarrel with a Spiritualist.
He can always turn the tables on
Young men are often gay deceiv
ers; old ones are some times gray
Begging for a whiskey strait,
might be correctly termed ''pleading
at the bar."
A Newark, N. J., man was com
pletely cured of catarrh by being
kicked down stairs.
Do not run in debt to your shoe
maker. It is unpleasant to be unable
to say your soul is your own.
Musical "Warsaw is going to have
an organ factory. A great many
family organs are produced there
Collections are so slow now that
absent minded people find it more
difficult than usual to collect their
"When quinine gives you a buz
zing in your your head, stop taking
it. The same remark will apply to
The most unpopular person in
Virginia is the man who demonstrat
ed that kerosene oil will cure a snake
bite just as well as whiskey.
Gen. Sam Houston always had
on his mantel in his parlor a written
notice that " General Houston retires
at nine o'clock every evening.
Men who indulge in day dreams,
or permit their thoughts to wander
amidst the mazy fields of imagina
tion, have no business to experiment
YL1- it UUZ,, BitW.
A Missouri clergyman -was lately
called upon to marry fourteen cou
ples in one day, and his fees
mounted to fifty pounds of dried ap
ples and a due bill for eighteen bush
els of buckwheat.
Of all the pies beneath the skies
to bring surprise to hungry eyes of
weak or wise, no kind of pies that
want supplies and binds the ties
which anger tries when storms arise,
and with surmise our tasta waII tripe
and who denies the great surprise of
Not long ago, in the Court of Ap
peals, a certain lawyer of Celtic ex
traction, while arguing with earnest
ness his case, stated a point and then
preceeded: " And, if it plaze the
court, if I am wrong in this, I have
another point that is equally conclu
sive." It is sometimes very annoying
to have persons volunteer informa
tion upon subjects in regard to which
their ignorance is remarkable; but
that was simply aggravating who
said that Pensylvania is so-called
because the lead pencil was invented
A young man out in search of
his father's lost pig, near Scranton,
Pensylvania accosted an Irishman
along the road with: " Have you seen
a stray pig about here?" "Faith,"
said Pat, ''and how could I tell a
stray pig from another?" That re
minds us of the town ordinance
which provided that "every other
dog" should be killed. The difficulty
is to distinguish the "other" dogs.
A man in Detroit was found over
come by whiskey, and had to be
carried home on a sleigh. A boy
who supposed the man was dead, ran
and informed his wife, who met the
crowd at the gate, and, in broken ac
cents, inquired of one of the men:
" Do you think I ought to present
this life insurance policy to the agent
this afternoon?" She seemed quite
disappointed when she learned the
The Italian papers say that ped
dlers in Catholic districts are selling
bits of straw, alleging them to have
been taken from a dungeon in Rome,
where the Pope was confined by the
A correspondent of London Times
is pleased to notice the rarity of rail
way accidents in America as compar
ed with other civilized and 'progres
sive countries. . rJivjpgs'kiii
The Price of Gold.
Portland, Nov. 19. Gold in New
York to-day, 106; Portland Legal
Tender rates, 90 buying, and 91
It is about equally dangerous to
take advice from your enemies and
give it to your friends.
Prompt and speedy action is the
indispensible condition of leadership
and its necessary price.
-Ida Gregg, a twelve-year-old
girl in in Buffalo, cleared two dollars
by selling button-hole bouquets, and
contributed the money to the fund of
the Memphis sufferers.
The lecture which Thomas Nast,
the artist, will deliver this winter, is
on caricaturing, and is interspersed
with, drawings of nearly life size,
done by Mr. Nast, in crayon before
the audience. Among the sketches
are those of Burton, the comedian, to
whose facial contortions Mr. Nast,
when a boy of ten years, first concen
trated his attention and drawings;
Andrew Johnson, in the royal robes
and crown of Caesar, Butlerr and
many others. While drawing these,
which only take a few minutes to
each, Mr. Nast shows the prominent
points of features that would be seiz
ed upon by a caricaturist, and with a '
stroke transforms the face or figure
into a gross caricature. The money
bag of Tweed, and how it w4as trans
formed into a likeness of the Tam
many chief by a few strokes, and the
placing of a mark on it, is one of
People are talking of the way in
which the brilliant French physician
the late Dr. Nelaton, used to perform,
operations. While most finely ac
curate, he was also calm and cool to
a marvel. One of his doctrines was
that there was no danger when a cor
rect diagnosis had been made, and
when the surgeon knew what he was
about. ' ' If you have the misfortune
to cut an artery," he would say, "re
member that syncope will not occur
for two minutes, and .death only
about as long after. Pour minutes is
four times as long as is necessary to
place i ligature on a blood vessel,
provided that you do not hurry."
Never to hurry was one of the ele
ments of his power. Once upon a
time he gave voice to a clever par
adox, which deserves to be remem
bered by all surgeons. "You are
going too quick," he said to an assis
tant; " we have no time to lose."
Thomas H. Merry, lecturer of
the California State Grange of the
Patrons of Husbandry, advises the
farmers of Humboldt county to erect
a beet sugar factory, and turn their
attention to the cultivation of the
sugar beet. The arguments he ad
vances will apply to many other
counties besides Humboldt, and are
well worthy to be considered. He
says: "An extensive sugarie in this
county would open a new era of
prosperity to the farmers, as well as
be a blessing to the consumers of that
staple. It would require to keep it
running 100,000 tons of beets, which,
at So per ton would give the farmers
half a million of dollars for the beets,
without any expense except that of
their cultivation and hauling to the
factory, which woul I be chiefly done
by themselves -no sacks, no shipping,
no middlemen to charge commissions,
but the farmer would realize tho
proceeds of all he produced. The -
rich lands above mentioned would,
with proper cultivation, produce from
16 to 20 tons per acre, which, ato
per ton J 'would soon pay the edsfof v.
firsfeclass faYm."- U "- - ojyim U ,