Newspaper Page Text
I. C. IBEIAXI Editor.
ASTORIA Dec. 4, 1873
The fact seems to have been over
looked that as fast as the net proceeds
of sales of cotton seized by Treasury
agents were received at the Depart
ment they were transferred to the
Taults of Jay Cooke & Co., and there
remained until twenty millions had
accumulated in the possession of that
firm. "When the joint resolution of
March 30, 186S, introduced by Sen
ator Edmunds, was passed, and the
Cookes were compelled to disgorge,
it was known that their establish
ment was shaken to its very founda
tion. The entire proceeds of these
sales were $34,052,S09 54, from which
are to be deducted for expenses in
handling the cotton $9,310,7S6 99
leaving $24,742,022 55 net proceeds
now in the Treasury lo be paid to
claimants under the fifth section of
the Appropriation Act of May 1S,1S72.
"When this twenty millions were re
turned to the Treasury, Jay Cooke fc
Co. began to decline, their embarass
inents increasing until they culmin
ated in the recent grand crash.
Mr.. A.. "W. Clock, a well known
hop-grower of St. Helena, California,
this year from thirty acres has har
rested 12 tons,, worth 2& cents per
pound S'6,000. From 15 acresr he
gets 10 tons, which he is confident
will bring 50 cents per pound. This
will make over 810,000 more, or a
gross product of over 16,000 in one
season from 45 acres. Mr. Clock last
spring bought the ground on which
his lower field is situated, for $9,000
He put $2,000 worth of poles into it,
and has now bargained it for $10,000.
This, with this year's crop of $10,000
off the tract, leaves a profit of $12,000
on that tract for the season. Almost
as good as running a country news
paper The season of almanacs has come.
The other day we noticed Nast's Il
lustrated Almanac, Bancroft and Ro
man, and now the Aldine Almanac
for 1S74, is ready by James T. "White
Co. General Agents for the Pacific
Coast,. Xo. G Montgomery street, San
Francisco. It is really what its title
indicates, a brochure of American
art. The illustrations, by leading
American artists are happy in design
and admirable in execution. Aniens:
the most striking are those of Bret
Harte's Outcasts of Poker Flat. James
Sutton & Co., New York, publishers.
A writ has been issued out of the
Circuit Court in the Second District,
for a review of the proceedings of
the State Board of Equalization in
raising assesemcnts. The proceed
ings are instigated by wealthy men
in Benton county, and they beat the
board on a hearing of the writ on the
2S1U ultimo. Clatsop county having
been obliged to accede to the de
mands of this State Board, we hope
that some of our citizens will com
bine and say emphatically that they
will not stand it.
It is reported that the friends of
Captain Clarke, and his first mate,
Harris, comprising a number of sea
captains and merchants, will prepare
a memorial to President Grant, ask
ing for the remission of the penalty
pronounced in their cases bv the
"United States Circuit Court of Cali
i urn ia.
Among the losers by the collapse
of the Northern Pacific Kail road "op
eration" in this division is J. B. Mont
gomery, contractor, banker,, gentle
man, etc., etc. His sympathizers
wti oe lew,, perhaps, so iar a-s we can
' The celebrated Schnltz f Barge- i
man), has been captured again in
rnlifornia, and 'is now en route to
to his old quarters in' the Salem peni-
-The epizootic survives in Tir- ,
glnia. , , ;
The Saiitam .ditch v is now com-'
pleied-to Albany, " ,. . ., I
This early snoy and freeze indi- 5
gaios an early Winter, i
-TAKIFF, -WAGES, ANI IABOB.
The statement will not be question
ed that in the United States, under a
protective tariff, wages are at least
fifty per cent higher than in any oth
er part of the world. How far pro
tection to our industries, by the ad
justment of the tariff, has contrib
uted to this result, is a matter of
every day demonstration. We will
not deduct one iota from our advan
tages of a broad geographical area,
a diversified climate, superior soil,
and untiring native energy. Under
these auspicious circumstances, we
might even adopt the free-trade the
ory, and in practice abolish the tar
iff, let Europe furnish our manufac
tures, we close our mills and furnaces
and all resort to agriculture as an oc
cupation, and still live But we
would then be without markets ibr
our increased agricultural surplus,,
without employment for workmen or
wages to pay them; and very soon we
should realize the experience of all
past ages, that a country strictly con
fined to agricultural pursuits is al
ways impoverished, and can never
advance in the scale of civilization;
while, on the other hand, that coun
try whose industries embrace the
widest scope and greatest variety of
pursuits is invariably the most pros
perous. Under a protective tariff
this diversity has been secured in
the United States to a very high de
gree. With it the demand for labor
has increased; new industries have
been opened, and wages have ad
vanced. Immigration is annually
adding half a million to our popula
tion, yet all are employed. Those
who have been thrown out of em
ployment by the recent panic, will re
turn to their former places as soon as
employers can obtain currency suffi
cient to meet the requirements of
Carefully prepared tables, under
the supervision of the United States
Statistical Bureau, have demonstrat
ed the fact that the average wages
paid in the United States to artisans,
mechanics, and workmen employed
in the manufactories is fifty-four per
cent, higher than the price paid for
similar work in England; yet provis
ions arc higher there than here.
England paid us during the fiscal
year June 80th, 1872, by the latest
returns officially reported, $20,853,
047 for wheat, $9,221,346 for corn,
$14,037,44S for hams and bacon, $7,
065,912 for lard, $6,095,S20 for cheese,
and large amounts for beef,, pork,
butter, flour, corn meal, etc. It is
evident, therefore, that the cost of
living in England must be higher
than in the United States; and food
averages seventy-five per cent of the
workinginan's family expenses. If
we go beyond England into France,
I Belgium. Prussia, Austria, etc., we
; find, according to returns made to
i the British Parliament by their con
sular agents abroad, that wages aver
( age thirty per cent, lower in those
countries than in England. If we
, include mining and agricultural em
ployments, the difference in the
wages paid in Europe and the United
j States becomes still greater. But this
! is not the darkest of the picture.
J By their own returns the melan
j choly fact is published, that there are
; thousands of able-bodied artisans
! and skilled workmen in England who
j cannot procure employment at any
j price. "The time was," says an
English statesman in a recent publi-
cation. " When our pauperism was
confined to the aged and disabled;
but now we have paupers pleading
for work, and made paupers only be
cause they cannot procure employ
ment to kee,p themselves and their
families from the poor house." This
is a deplorable picture. Those of
the impoverished English mechanics
who can raise the means come to this
country to seek employment, and al
ways with success. They have a
cordial welcome., But we cannot af
ford to remove our protective tariff,
and fill the country once more with
half-paid European manufacture?,
unless we are prepared to reduce our
workmen to a level with the popular
lions of our foreign competitors.
Free trade fs the 'direct road- to low
Hours of Observation 7 a, m. 2 and 9 r ,
By Louis Wilson
Notk 10 inches of Snow ma
kesl of Water.
Met. Report, November, 1873.
Latitude 40 11' 28" N., Long. 123 40' 32" W.
(Height above Mean tide, 52 feet.)
Lowest range of Therm., (on the 28th) 27.7
Highest' " " ( nth) i0.4
Lowest range of Barom, (on the 2ith) 29.021
Highest " 4 ( " 23d). ...29.303
Average temperature for the month 47.2
" height of Barometer " 30.030
" humidity ' 0.840
Amount of daily rain during the month 1.089
nightly " " 2.300
" dews " " 0.018
snow and hail (molted) 0.184
Number rainy davs " 10.
' " nights " 13.
" entirely cloudy days. ' 9.
" cloudless " " 0.
Average weather for the month, Fine.
Direction of wind during tho month :
North 21 miles North East...l99S miles
South 1550 " South West... 31i5 "
East 150 " South East ... 24 "
West 142 " North West. 331 4
Mean dir. for the month. East by South.
Number of miles traveled 9S8
Ladies Festival. -Next Tuesday
evening, tho 9th inst, for the purpose of
raising funds to complete furnishing the
beats of the Congregational Church. The
Ladies of the Congregotional Society have
been laboring strenuously for a year, for
the above purpose, but btill lack the full
amount, which it is hoped this Festival
will yield. The Festival will consist of
the refreshments of the season, music, etc.
A small admission fee of 25 cents will be
jSew School Books. I have just re
ceived all the different kinds of New School
Books required to be used in this State, that
can now be found in San Francisco. Also, t
Slate pencils, Blotting pads, a good as
sortment of Stationery, Drawing paper,
CARD BOARD, Perforated board, Ink,
(Carmine, Purple and Black). Likewise a
new stock of Crockery, Clocks and a large
assortment of Lamp Chimneys, all of
which will be sold cheap for cash.
Motel Arrivnls-PARKER House, Astoria.
Jos L Hopburn, J J3 Nice, Eellevue; William
Carleton, W J Franklin, V Morrison, TO Pe
terson, Clatsop; Donald McKcnzie, S T Curry,
George L llibbard. T J Peterson, C B Smith,
M T Dawlon, Portland; W Lewis. ED Towlo,
Salem; 11 N Carnahan, II C Lord, Astoria; C
J Wilson, Woody Island; N Kimball, Sea-sido
E Roche and friend, J S1 Jiuld, Klaskanino;
Geo Upton, Cathlamet; H Harrison, Fishery;
Thad S Barr, Grays river; D Munell, Youngs
river; John Edwards, Jim Crow; LHHopkins,
FtStovcns; JosAmboys,Brookfiold; DOvorton
Manly T Perry, city; Thomas W Shay, W T; It
M Lowe, Landing.
Toys in Lor?. For tho convenience of "Mer
chants who cannot visit the city, I put up as
soited lots of toys, toy books and fancy articles
at Twenty, Twonty-five, Thirty, Forty, Fifty
to Oi'.c Hundred Dollars, comprising selections
from everything in stock. These lots retail sjt
a profit of nearly one hundred per cent. This
plan has given great satisfaction to my cus
tomers during the pat ten years, as thereby
they obtain a much greater variety than by
any other method. All these lots are put up
under my own supervision. Send your orders
early to obtain a good varietv.
6. S. McCOKMlUX,"l0 First st,
n22tf Portland, Oregon.
Gins, Toys, and Fancy Goons. S, J. Mc
Cormick, (Santa Glaus' Headquarters), 19 First
Portland, Oregon, has just received direct from
tho east, an immense stock of new Toys, fancy
goods, music boxes, albums, doll, toy books,
gift books, annuals, and an endless var'ety of
articles suited to tho holiday trade, which ho
offers to country merchants, in quantities to
suir, at the lowest c.ish prices. Send your or
ders early. n'ii'tf
TN THE PKOliATE COUliT of Wahkiacum
X County, Tciritory of Washington, beforo
hii Hon. George B. Pobort, Judge; in tho
matter of too citato of l.obert Fry, do-joased:
To all whom if-may concern, pi--tin?. No
tice i hereby given that oy consideration of
the above entitled court. 1, John Hul'atnch,
have bcent api ointed administrator of tho e
tat3 of ou3! t i''ry, decease I, and, as such, re
quire all persons having cl?i'n5 a-ain- aid
estate, to pre-snt.thn nno to ino wi:h the
prnifo'- vouchers thereof, f -r approval within
six month". and anv ier on' knowing them
selves indebted to said estato aro respectfully
retiuested to call and sottl "-itii'Mit dolav .
JOHN FITZ PATKICH, Administrator.
Caihlamct, i". T., Doc. x, xiT. ,. a-- ih
53.1 ' 00.4
50 4 53 7
44 0 47 3
40 4 518
52 0 54 7
48 3 52 8
471 54 1
44 8 47 0
48 0 49 0
4'il 40 9
49 7 53 0
48 4 53 0
39 0 43 0
34 7 38 0
34 U 38 0
38 2 410
3(J4 37 8
FRANK FABRE at the Central Market,
Portland, has enlarged his COFFEE stall,
and added such improvements as will enable
him to provide Epicures with tho host in the
Market. Parties furnished with Hot Coffee on
short notice. Give the Central Market CofFoo
Stand a trial ocltf
TITE ASTORIA FARMERS7 COMPANY
is now ready to store
IVheat and otter PRODUCE !
AT THEIR NEW WAREHOUSE. Usual
late charged. S. I), ADAIR, Secretary.
Astoria, Dec. 4th, lb73. d4tf
GOODS FOR THE SEASON
Great EEDUCTM in Prices!
Selling Less than Cost
TIE ENTIRE STOCK!
T THE STORE OF THE LATE GEORGE
fcUiUAL-bitb, deceased, Astoria Oregon,
HAS TO BE SOLD;
And in order to settlo up tho affairs of the es
tate tho undorsigHed, administrator, is now
ottering the cntiro line, ombracing a very de
sirable quality of goods at prices below actual
JSSTCall and Examine for Yours el vcs.ISS
rcsrAll persons having bills against tho es
tate will please present the same, with proper
vouchers for payment. And all persons owing
the cstato will please como forward and settle,
or mako arrangements to settlo tho same, and
save costs. C. S. WRIGHT,
"VTOTICE. Wheroas. my wife Lucinda has
1 loft my bed and board without any just
cause or provocation. Any and all persons arc
hereby forbid trusting her on my account, as I
will pay no debts by her contracted.
& w N. M. X1MBALL.
G. JL. DePliAX&tdlanager?
Odd Fellows IVmple, Portland.
Pew and Second-hand Furniture
Spring, Hair, Feather,
Alo, "Wool, and Puln Beds,
Jjhuikct.-, Spreads, Sheets,
Pillows, Pillwv CabCd, etc.
TTm 7 a Price Paid for.
Corner of Fir.-t and Taylor Streets,
Portland, Oregon. .-16
Main Street, Astoria? Oregon Jm
(Near Holladay'a Whai)
GRAY & DONALDSON,
"OESPECTFULLY CALL THE ATTEN
jLktion of tho public to tjjo fact that the
above Market will always fee supplied with a
FULL YAKIETY BEST QUALITY
FRESH AND CURED MEATS!
Which will bo sold at lowe?r rates, vrfiiIe?ale
and retail. Special attention given to supply
ing ships. ocTtf
MONEY SAVED BUYING THE M HOME"
Sewing M chino KECENTLY patented.
Lombines all lMriiUV -hMElS'Trf
of other Machines. A CHJ LD can
. U.N and II i UEMSTANI) it. It is
tho JJE6T. becauso the SIMPLEST
and NOT liable to get out of order,
J- urnnhed in five dilferent styles.
Prices from HO to 89 JDollaivj.
Hemmerand Feller, rraider.Tluf
lfr, iJauge, Qui Iter, extra 'Jhroat
plate, Mmttlo, si,v J'obbins. tw.-lvo
Needles, etc., illEE Willi EACH
ngrGuarantopg Perpetual. ''J
Wo ai.-o continue to sell the favorite HOME
SH C i j iiL. i ric js itEjUUFl . o. 1, $.S:
In o. 2, 8 iO: No. :. (hnlf cao', 8 5. Orders for
EiTu clri luiiuuinj prem: tly tilled and forwar
de;, on Teeeipt of pi ice. ,
u -jl ACTt E AGENTS WANTED. Oil aiul
all Kinds of Sewing Machine Noedlosfor-sulo
. GEO.. lVwAS E. . Gen 'L Agent, .f
S. V. . eor. Morrison and Tlfird tre.tst
-!"m ' rortlund, '. regon.
CtEAY'S IMC STORE!
If&m mg&M s s
K2 ?3 33 l4i rAfeWSr t ci :
ivy sM wmVmiamm -
A. E. EICHARDSOX.
A. B- PPfstfasarrfenn.
AUCTION EER-Corner of Front and Oftkrts,,.
Portland, Oregon. Auction Sale.i of Real
.state, Grocories, General Merchandise akd
orsca- baJea-Wednesday and Saturday.
mr Largo assortment of Groceries, Liquors
etc., at Pnvato bale. Liberal advances inado
on consignments. A. P. RICHARDSON
Charles S- Wright,
AUCTIONEER-Cor of Main and ChenamiK
btreeiS, Astoria. Goods rccoived on consign
ment and sold to the highest bidder.
AUCTJONEEll-Offico 40 First st.f Portland.
J. 1VM. VKI.CH. FRANK H0BB03,.
JAMES W. WEJjCH&Co.
Office at J. "W. Gearhart's Store, Astoria
ORDERS LEFT WITH MR, GEARHART
for any kind of Teaming, will bo promptly"
attended to. ood of all kinds constantly qn.i
hand. Orders solicited. oc4if
nPHE HOMESTEAD PROPERTY, belon
X mg to tho estate of A. Crosby doceaaedjk.
lor rent. I or particulars apply to
, . . 1L tf. AIKEN, Administrator
Astoria. Nov. 20th, lb73-tf of said Estate-,
G-eorge A. Pease,
Pacific Boot and Shoo Store,
Is now prepared to wait on his customers,
At The Old Stand Again P
S. W. Corner First and Morrison Streete,
OREGON BOOT AND SHOE STORBi
S. M. BARR, J. c. KISGlliSr.,.
JBAMM 0 KXJfiTGSJLJBY,
PRINCIPAL RETAILERS OF THE STA
plo brands of Eastern, California and Ore
gon Boots and Shoes, No. 15 First street cor
ner Yamhill. Portland Oregon.
S3" With our long, oxperionco and small ct--pense
ive are enabled to sell cheaper than any
other house in the city of Portland. As tn
proverb goes $1 00 saved is $2 00 made: XJfti
and see and give us your trado.
BARK & KINGSLEY.
S. Gr. Skiclmore,
Druggist and Apothecary,
Has Romoved to his
NEW AND ELEGANT STOBE,.
Ill First st., next to L. C. Ilonrichson'g,
Portland, Oregon. an?
BLACKSMITH AND TOOL MAKER and: j
manufacturer of of all kinds of
Plaining, Moulding, and Turning Tools,
Saws of all kinds Straightened and Ropairod,
and all kinds of Saw Teeth made aad repaired
and saws turned and. straightened. Orders at
tended to promptly. 11. THEN KMANN,
uulfctf 40 Front st.Portland,
Fisliel & Roberts,
Corner Firtt and "Washington Streets.
ASH 9f AXVFAGTUSSSS.
THE BEST VALUE
THE LEAST MONEY.
Willamet Iron Works
Incorporated Sept. 14, lSfi-T.
Cor. Xortli Pront and E bts., Portland.
P. FITTBOGEN, J PETER TAYLOR,
IBM MO BRASS FQUHDERS, 801LER HIUBS,
General Machinists, and
n - -r r-
TANITACTURE and HAVE EOR SALE
JL High and Low Pressure Marine and Ss-
tionery Eneihcs and Loilers; Saw Mills, Gri-t
Mills, Quit.. Mining, and Agricultural Ma
chinery, u"ATEit HEELS of several pat
terns, equal to any imported, on hand and
made to older, of any Ki7C. REl'AlKlNG of
Machinery and lioilers promptly attended to,
and executed with nentno:s and dispatch. The
Largest and KBST S'igi K OK PATTEPJS
nonn of San Francisco. No charge for the uo
of them. Agont for JvNOWLES' PATENT
STEAM PUMP, tho best in use., Also, Agents
for tho AMMONiAQAL i'i'vEPAitATION- for
the' removal of Boiler scale. HkGboot's fi;
xaimkntal Inox Yksvx. a variety of.b(ftfetrft 1
j.attcrns for Gemetories, otc. llouso Ctings
etc.. ttc JAMES LOTAXI
n tf Suporistecdcct-