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title: 'Tri-weekly Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1873-1874, December 06, 1873, Image 1',
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isTOKiA, Oregon, Saturday Mousing-, Dec. 6, 1873.
itiir.ii"rreT3Tgwwrtf3Tfg iaajfciw7Hf .aaKjatnwas&i 'TTnnwHTmrr
TUESDAY, THURSDAY AND SATUHDAY,
Monitor Building-, A?torr., Orcoft.
3f. C.IRKIiAXB ...rroivrictof
One Copy one year. . &J 00
)no Copy six month 3 00
"One Cwpy three months 1 50
iKS Singlo Xuiaba, Ten Cents. iv
One Insertion pcrs'iunro, 10 line? or less..S2 ."0
JKach additionsil Intuition, per square 2 00
Yearly adv'fcs per month, per siiissrc v.. 1 oO
L. P. Fisher, 20 and 21 Xcvr Merchants Ex
change, i authorized to ci vs Agent for the
AtfToitu.v in .an Francisco.
Any friend who feels an interest in the pros
perity of this region, is authorized to net as
Agent for this paper, in procuring subscribers.
Seventy-four vessels cleared at
Astoria during the past "fourteen"
months, with cargoes valued at $1,
275,475, Brother Oregonian-.
It will be seen by reference to
advertisement on the second page
that a school teacher is wanted for
District No. 3, on Clatsop plains.
Visitors to this oity in small crafts
from Grays river, and similarly situa
ted localities, have been detained
liere some days by adverse winds.
The Chinese workmen emplojed
In this vicinity -at clearing, wood
chopping eta, etc, have a town by
themselves of considerable size, back
of upper Astoria.
Good sweet cider isn't bad to
take, and this is the way Capt. Mudge
would prepare it Heat the cider
until it boils, pour into the bottles,
which have been previously heated
to prevent cracking. Cork tight,
and seal immediately, as in canning
fruit. The cider will keep unchang
ed for years.
A flouring mill "is very "badly
wanted is this community- An
ordinary custom mill wo"uld be -.ble
to do a good business, but a mill with
4i capacity for grinding two hundred
"barrels a week would coin money.
'Let us have a custom mill first. Tiic
farmers would much more than sup
ply it with grain to keep it running.
fiSJTor fresh Oysters, in every style, call at
-the Parker House JLIustausakt.
The American centennial move
ment is about to assume a practical
--shape in Oregon which will admit of
more effectual work, through a State
organization. A private note from
Portland informs us that Oregon is
ahead of every other State in her
quota of subscriptions, except one
,Pa.) and it is hoped -she may remain
-ahead in this grand National affair.
"When any of Ed. A. Taylor's
liorsesget sick with the colic they
:are cured by the following fermula:
'" To cure colic in horses, melt a pint
of hog's lard over a alow fire, and
soot from the chimney until it be
comes as thick as cream, add two or
three pods of red pepper, pour the
mixture into a bottle and give to the
-animal. 'If the horse is not quickly
.relieved, repeat the dose."
During the Prevalence of a stiff
znortheast wind on Thursday, a raft
of lumber broke adrift from the Far
mers' warehouse, but was nearly all
saved. Several piles drifted down to
Astoria, and one of them breaking
through the Cass street bridge,
knocking out a j)ile or two, weaken
ing the bridge in front of Captain
Rogers place so that it js really not
sate for pedestrians, we should think.
The ship Cultivator, from New
York, was towed into San Francisco
on Monday bjr the United States rev
enue cutter, Oliver Wolcott. The
entire crew, officers, captain, and
the captain's wife, are down with
the scurvy. Several of the former
are lying at the point of death.
This is the vessel which, was furnish
ed with provisions at sea by the cap
tain of the British ship Charta. The
cutter found her fifteen miles west
of the Farralones. This shows apart
of the duty of ateam revenue cutter.
OSZXTS OX ASTORIA.
From the Cornelius Progressions!
Astoria is the only place on the North
Pacific coast that presents all the advanta
ges necessary to makcher the second city of
magnitude and importance as a harbor and
sea port. She has equal facilities with
either New York, Boston or Philadelphia.
Looking at her inter-advantages the is
naturally ahead of any of these cities, and
even of San Francisco, because there is no
river in this nation, except the Mississippi,
that affords the facilities to sea port navi
gation that the Columbia does. See the
bountiful treasure poured into New York
by the 180 miles of navigation afforded by
the Hudson, "What is this compared with
the two theusand or more miles of the
Columbia which lay& a hidden treasure, un
developed, only awaiting emigration to
bring life, bustle, gold and luxury. Think
of the precious "freight that now floats be
tween New York ?.nd Albany, and see
why the same should not exist between
Astoria and Portland. The Astoria branch
of the Oregon Central Railroad which will
be built very soon, will also open up the
Wallamet, Umpqua and Rogue river val
leys, "and the completion of the Oregon
and California Road to the State line and
through to Sacramento, will give an im
petus to through freight from China, Jap
an and the Eastern Hemisphere that will
cause a city to multiply as did Chicago,
St. Louis and San Fr&ncisco. It strikes
us strangely thai capitalists have not seen
The Tncoma excitement was but a bub
ble, audits explosion at so early a stage of
its existence is a great blessing, mas
much as fewer men of small calibre are
ruined, which would have only increased
to make the ruin and misery more exten
sive by the postponement of the bursting.
The North Pacific Railroad was not only
a great -humbug, but its reality would
have been a great evil as it existed, because
it would .have been orae of the greatest
monopolies of nineteenth century, and all
the while it has been monopolizing and
overbearing, at the same time a bank
rupt, rickety concern. It had already be
gan to sport the airs of an aristocrat, while
it was realty as poer as Job's turkey, and
its monopolizing Credit Mobil fur, the
Lake Superior and Puget Sound Land Co.
ring, was only an indicator of the way the
wind would blow. Its reat idea of a migh
ty city where it should choose to have it
built, amid barren sand-hills, firs and an
impenetrable jungle, voifi of inhabitants,
was one of its great prensiens, founded on
such premises as was the air-castles built
by the famous Knight of La Manca, The
better minds of Portland had even lost
sight of their easy transit to the sea, and ran
oft" after Tacoma because two adventurous
men saited up Puget Sound and taid; here,
on this hill, shall be a. city.
Astoria makes none ofthesc pretensions.
She sits qipet and serene in her snug ocean
harbor, and when men of capital seek our
shore tc invest their means, they will do
so where it will be surrounded by advan
tages not found at Tacoma. The great
natural advantages of Astoria as a ship
ing point will not be passed by in silence,
and the opening of the A&toria Railroad, a
distance of sixtv-five miles, to intersect the
Oregon Central at Cornelius will draw to
Astoria that attention which has yet not
been given to her,
Fnnn the Wallamet Farmer.
Mueh has been said about the necessity
of shipping the produce of Oregon at As
torir, and the fanners of Linn, county,
which is the greatest wheat exporting
county in the State, have at last made an
attempt towards providing conveniences
at that point for the storage and shipment
of grain. A deputation of these gentle
men recently made an excursion down the
Columbia to view for themselves the con
templated field of operations, and they
seem to have enjoyed a very pleasant
time, and have no doubt formed more
definite ideas as to the importance of the
enterprise they have taken in hand.
The people at Astoria cannot, of course,
command the means to do all that is
necessary to facilitate commerce at that
point, a there is not a great deal of sur
plus capital located there. The fact that
the farmers of the interior undertake to aid
the AstoriRns in this enterprise, has peculi
ar significance because it may, and inevit
ably will, lead to community of interest
between the wheat pioducing counties and
the sea-port they lend their energies and
means to build up, and this may in the
future do more for Astoria than "merely
make it a point for shipment.
But there is more necessary than the
mere erection of warves and warehouses at
Astoria, before that point can be made
fully available as the best one for the ship
ment of Oregon products. It is indispens
able that we succeed in establishing ea
communication between the valley counties
and the lower Columbia, which shall be
constant and reliable at all seasons of the
year, and especially no during the fall
months, when the rivers are at their lowest
flow and their navigation most difficult.
It will not do to depend on transporting
wheat to Poitland by railroad, n:id then
rehandling it and freighting it down the
Columbia river by steamboat, to be again
rehandled at Astoria. It is this rehandling
of wheat, or any other commodity, that
accumulates the expense so as to leave no
profit to the producer.
Perhaps the most important fact to be
accomplished is the removal of obstruc
tions from the "Vallamet river and the
improvement of navigation on that stream
so that steamboats can take on freight at
Harrisburg at the lowest water and unload
it on board ship at the mouth of the Co
lumbia river. It would, doubtless, be ad
visable to make full cargoes as soon as the
boats reached deep water, at some point
above the falls if possible, but the opening
of the "Wallamet river is the mot impor
tant matter that our representatives can
urgre on Congress.
It is absolutely essential to the best in
terests of Greren, that the Oregon Central
Railroad shall be constructed from Corne
lius to Astoria. A railroad connecting
this valley with Astoria, and running in
connection with both east and west side
roads, would take most of the wheat, not
within easy reach of the river, direct to
its destination. It is a great nity that we
cannot soon realize its incalculable
benefits. That large ships load and unload
there was naturally ordained and the soon
it is brought about the better for Oregon.
Dr A. C. Kinney, who lately returned
f torn Astoria, informs us that the City of
Paris, a ship of 1400 tons, lately went" up
to Portland in ballast, and grounded on
several of the worst bars in doing so. Her
Captain assured him that the owners of
that vessel owned 4.4 ships and he could
insure that none of them would be permit
ted 'to visit Portland again. The Kinne3's
have a. vessel coming to load whose burden
is 2000 tons, ind of course she will labor
under greater disadvantages than the City
of Paris did.
"We have always felt that Portland
should maintain her prestige as the great
commercial point of the North Pacific, by
usein the wealth made from the people to
provide facilities for our commerce. She
is near the sources of trade and could use
Astoria as a shipping point, and construct
and own the wharves and warehouses need
ed there for the encouragement of com
merce. But Portland refuses to lend a
hand; she has neither the prescience nor
the liberal enterprise to step out of her
path to serve Oregon, and the time may
come with all her acquired advantages and
accumulated wealtli, when she maj'
see cause to regret that she drove the
farmers of Linn county, and the "Wallam
et valley, to tcek for themselves a way
by which their wealthy products, can
reach the sea.
I'ost Oilicc Notice.
The General Delivery at the Astoria
Postoffice will be open daily, (except Sun
days), from S o'clock A. m. until 0 p. m.
On Sundays from 1 to 2 o'clock r. m.
Money Orders issued from 8 a. m. to 4.
For Portland and intermediate offices,
at 514 o'clock a. m. daily.
For Skipanon, Seaside house, and Tilla
mook, daily on arrival of the mail from
For Forts Stevens and Capo Disappoint
ment, Unity, Oysterville, and Olympia
Tuesdays and Thursdaj's, at 7:30 a. m.
ForKnappton, Grays river, Klaskanine,
Youngs river, Lewis and Clarke, Neha
leiu valley, etc., irregular.
CHANGES IN POSTAL LAWS.
1. Franking privilege abolished.
2. No mail matter can pass I'ycq.
3. Publishers must pay postage on ex
4. Postal cards cannot be sent to dead
letter office, nor used a second time.
5. Postage must be collected on newspa
pers published in the county, when deliv
ered through the mails.
G. Ordinary cards ma3r be sent through
tQ mails with one cent stamp, provided
the message is printed. The address may
1. Any person who takes a paper regu
larly from the post-office whether direct
ed to his name or another's, or whether he
has subscribed or not is responsible for
m 2. If any person orders his paper discon
tinued, he must pay all arrearages, or the
publisher may continue to sencl it, until
payment is made, and collect the whole
amount whether the paper is taken from
the office or not.
3. The comts have decided that refusing
to take neyspapers and periodicals from
the post-office, or removing and leaving
them uncalled for, is prima facie evidence
of intentional fraud.
On Monday last there was twen
ty inches of snow at the Lower Cas
cades. At the Dalles there was
about one foot of snow. The weath
er was quite cold at both points.
Truth enters the heart of man when it
is empty and clean and still; but
when the mind is shaken with passion as
in a storm, 3011 can never hear the voice
of the charmer, charm he never so wiaelv.
A newspaper edited by women, has been
established at Puebla, Mexico, and a Cath
olic priest, who recently married, is con
tributing to it a series of a:ticl&i against
the celibacy ot the clergy.
The Irie of Gold.
Poktlaxd, Dec. 5. Gold in New
York to-day, 109; Portland Legal
Tender rates, 90A buying, and 91 A
scl'ing. MlsoeUaneous Nows.
Another stage robber' is reported
in California, between Yisalia and
Tulare on Saturday last.
J G. "Wright has been elected
mayor of Salem, by the Republicans.
Five Republican Councelmen elected
out of eight.
It is stated that the epizootic has
again made its appearance among
the horses on the car and stage routes
of New York city.
The Secretary of the Navy, in his
annual report, recommends that the
Navy be put on footing proper for
an3T and all emergencies.
Ex-Governor Haight has publish
ed a letter declining to be a candi
date for the United States Senate.
What the deuce is up, in California? j
The estimated expenditure for the
new fiscal year is $19,252,235. To
this add $S64,5S9 for repairs, etc.,
thus exceeding the estimate of last
year by about $2,000,000.
Captain Bradbury, now in Califor
nia, has resigned the office of Presi
dent of the Pacific Mail Steamship
Company, and Russell Sage has been
elected to fill the vacancy.
The Los Angeles Chamber of Com
merce is making efforts to diffuse
newspapers, pamphlets and circulars
through the East, showing the ad
vantages of Southern California in
products, climate, etc.
The London Telegraph says it
would be premature to regard the
Yirginius affair as approaching termi
nation until the actual language used
by President Grant on the subject in
his Message to Congress is known.
Tweed's letters from New York
city physicians, recommending that
he bo placed in the hospital, did him
no good. After examination by the"
remtentiary physicians, he was re
manded to a common cell like other
felons. The jacket given him to
wear is known in the Penitentiary as
the -'larceny jacket.'7
Congress met on the 1st, at noon.
Mr. Blain was re-elected speaker of
the house, the place filled so ably for
mally years by Hon. Schuyler Colfax
of Indiana. About fifty Southern
members, among them Stephens, of
Georgia, whowere unable to take
the iron clad oath, took the modified
oath. The Republican caucus nom
inees for officers of the House were
At two o'clock on the morning of
the 23d ult. the Ville de Havre came
in collision with the British ship La
chine, from London for New York,
and sank. Two hundred and seven-tr-six
of the passengers of the Ville
de Havre were lost. The Tri Moun
tain saved eight, and brought them
to Cardiff. The survivors attach no
blame to the officers of the Lachine
for the catastrophe, but sar they did
everything possible to prevent the
sacrifice of life. The Lachine was
very badly damaged. No one ex
plains how the collision occurred.
One of the survivors says: The main
mast fell after the mizzen, toppling
over on deck and killing many per
sons. In a few moments the steamer
began to sink, amidst great disorder
and terror. The scene was awful be
Tond description. The air was rent
with shrieks, but some were heard to
say, calmly, -If we must die, let us
die nobly.' I understood myself,
and with a companion jumped "over
board and swam toward the Lachine,
then a half a mile distant. As I left
I heard the ship cracking, and look
ing around, I saw her go down with a
plunge. For a moment the shrieks
were terrible; then all was silent.
The Captain remained on the Yille
de Havre during the whole scene,
and went down with his ship.
Excellent Thoso Sugar Cured Hams, and
that Fresh Koll Butter, Frosh Buckwheat,
(this year's crop), Corn Meal, Cracked Wheat,
hominy, etc, at Cask's. 1-tf
Concerning the colleges of California,
The Pacific, a denominational journal, re
If the friends of education will unite in
building a first-class academy which shall
fit young men and women for college,
and prepare others for all kinds of business
other than the "professions," they will do
. a wise anu goou ining. .a. nourisning a
I cademy is as much better for a town than
i a weak college, as a "living dog is better
1 than a dead lion." '
Dr. Huntington has returned to
Mr. A. J. Megler has some beau
tiful poultry for sale.
The harkentine Free Trade left
for San Francisco esterday morning.
Mr. Charles Y. Blissett of Knapp-
ton, has a practical knowledge of the N
manufacture of starch.
The Industrr has made her sec
ond visit to this port with barrels
from the Knappton works for export.
The Astoria Farmers' warehouse
is now readjr to receive grain or oth
er produce on storage, at the usual
"We observe that Rev. D. B. Gray
and wife, formerly of Astoria, were
registered at the St. Charles Hotel,
Portland, on the 22d inst.
Pupils at Astoria schools, of both
sexes, now consider that their outfit
is not complete unless they have a
pair of skates with their books.
That " Sand ballast" being dis
charged at Astoria from the Norwe
gian bark Navigaton, happens to be
a very fine article of granite rock.
The steamer California, from
Sitka, Alaska, arrived about noon
yeslorday. The Snow storm has ex
tended as far north as those posses
sions where winterreigns and it rains
no more because the clouds are
banked up in frozen heaps.
The schooner Elnorah, Capt.
Fisher, came in under sail )-esterday
forenoon with a heavy load of lum
ber, making regular race-horse time.
She was weather bound at Knappton
three days, and ran out of fresh wa
ter supplies and fuel. The cargo is
for the Brookfield fishery.
" Free Trade and sailors rights"
was practically illustrated yesterday
when the bow-sprit of the Free Trade
entered Capt, Hustler's warehouse.
She entered to the martingales, then
backed off as if she had a propeller
at her stern under perfect control.
It was altogether accident, and fortu
nately slight damages resulted.
"We see by our vallej' exchanges
that Prof. McGibeny and familjr have
removed to Monmouth. It will be
some time before Portland will find
a family to fill the places of this on
exactly, we feel sure. "We shall hope
to see the Professor and Mrs, McGib
eny in Astoria next Summer again
notwithstanding the additional dis
tance placed between them and us
by this movement to Monmouth.
"We have had our say in reference
to the Yakima mines, and the new
excitement in British Columbia but
there are differences of opinion. In
support of our conclusions we find
this in a "Walla Walla paper. u The
reports from the new gold mines in
the Yakima country are anj-thing but
favorable. Several parties have re
turned during the week. Some of
them pronounce the whole thing a
bilk, while others say that there is
gold there, but the quantity is insuf
ficient to pay. At the time these
parties left about thirty or forty men
were there, but the number has in
creased, probably to two hundred.
"We are now confirmed in our opinion
that the mines are not only inferior,
but that the. gold discovered is very
coarse. We hope there will be no
more 'wild goose chases' taken by
our people, at least this Winter."
iX3 Oystora in ovory stylo, at all hours of
day or night, at tho Parker House IttSTAU
kaxt, Main street, Astoria.
A new lodge of Odd Fellows, No.
4G, has been instituted at Princeton,
Ochoco vallej', Oregon, and a dis
pensation granted for one at Forest
sr A neat, clean, cosoy placo, for gentle
men and ladies to enjoy a dish of fresh Oysters
is at tho Parker House Restaurant.
Wm. O. Bruen was re-elected "
Chief Engineer of the Portland Fire
Department, last Mondaj'. W. S.
Chapman First Assistant, and A. G,
Murry Second Assistant. . -