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Astoria, Oregon, Saturday Morning, Jan. 17, 1874.
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PUBLISH KJ EVr.IlY
'TUESDAY, THURSDAY AXD SATURDAYt
Monitor Building, Astoria, Oregon.
Jf. C.IRZ.A.XI Proprietor
Ono Copy one year. $" 00
One Copy fix months 00
Ono Cny three month? 1 50
JE6- Single Number, Ten Cents. "vtt
Ono Insertion per square, 10 lines or lcss...$2 .r)0
Kach additional Insertion, per square 2 00
Yearly adv'ts per month, per square 1 50
L. P. Fisher, 20 and 21 New Merchants Ex
change, is authorized to act as Agent for the
Astori w in San Francisco.
Any friend who feel an interest in the pros
perity of this region, is authorized to act .as
Agent for this paper, in procuring subscribers.
See ' Teaming to Order," on second
Mayor Kippen is still unable to attend
The Malancthon arrived in San Fran
cisco on the 13th.
RSTFor fresh Oysters, in every style, call at
the Pa kk eh House 11i.stauea:t.
The Wallamet Piver Company's new
"boat, launched lat Tuesday, was named
The Buckeye floated from the ways
sill O. K., Thursday morning, and is once
more "walking the waters like a thing of
Searching for the Gods of Sand Island
was a pastime for -some of our citizens
Thursday. F. C. Carr is said to have de
livered the oration.
Considerable improvement has been
nnade on the street crossings by our worthy
'Commissioner, but there is still room for
xmore of the same sort.
Mr. X. ICoefocd has refitted the Globe
Oyster Saloon in splendid st3Tle for accom
modating parties witli oysters in every
"way ana other luxuries.
Among the many desirable improve
ments made in Astoria the past year, none
nre more attractive or beneficial than those
of Mr. Speilmier, on Main street.
B Oysters in every stylo, at all hours of
day or night, at the I'aiikeii House Uestau
.uaxt, Main street, Astoria.
Ferrell's mill, which was temporarily
stopped during the freeze up, has again
commenced operations in this city, and
that loud coughing exhaust wakes people
at an early hour.
Capt. Thomas, of the bark Powhattan,
stakes to England with him five apples,
from the orchard of Mr. Kindred, Tanzy
point, weighing four and a half pounds.
Three of them weighed just one pound
If any Astorian wants to go to Con
gress, or appear like a Congressman about
iiis understanding, he can find all sizes,
from lis to 14s, at Charley "Wrights
boots made expressly for Congressmen
-and other " big men."
The steamer Emma Hay ward, with a
".cargo of 3,900 sacks of wheat on board
for the Akbar, came down ahead of the
vessel on Wednesday, and waited here at
a demurrage of 2 00 per hour until the
vessel could float over the hog's-back.
A large number of sympathizing
friends followed the remains of Capt. A.
C. Farnsworth to the grave, in this city,
last Tuesday. The solemn and imprssive
service of the Masonic order was perform
ed at the grave, liev. T. A. Ilyland, of
-Grace church, conducted the service at
After thirty years residence on Clatsop
plains, Mr. "Wm. Hobson, father of Capt.
Hobson and John Hobson of this city, has
returned to live in Astoria. On Christmas
lay 1843, he left Astoria with his family
for Clatsop, and returned here a few days
-before Christmas 1873. He came directly
from England to Astoria, consuming one
year on the way, and had never heard of
Oregon until he arrived in St. Louis Mo.
"We hope Mr. Hobson may live many
years yet to come in Astoria, and trut
that for the next five years he may wit
ness grander developments in this region
than all that has transpired during his
residence of the past thirty years "in a
material way though when we revert to
those primitive days from this generation,
very great indeed has been the advance
ment o? our beautiful State, now just
blooming into an era of full manhood.
The company of which Mr. Hobson was a
member from St. Louis, were the first to
bring wagons into the wallamet valley.
The bndge at the Sea-side know as
Cloutries' bridge, fell to pcices about a
A company of young men arc organi
zing in this city, to try their luck in the
The Congregational Sunday school
will give -a concert on Sunday evening,
consisting of singing and recitation?. Ad
mittance Free. JJncourage the children.
After a delay of several days at the
hog's-back, the Nauvean St. Micheal
reached the Farmers' wharf in this city
yesterda3 where she is now completing
cargo for Europe.
Builder, and others interested in
building, are refered to Ainsley & David
son for sash, blinds, doors, frames etc., at
Itfieolai Bro's mill and factory, Portland,
It is reported that Arch, the great
English labor reformer, who visited the
United States last year, will bring to our
country 10,000 laborers next year. Ore
gon should strive for a proper proportion.
A line of steamers is to run from
China, via San Francisco, to Panama.
Can it not be induced to touch at the Co
lumbia river also. Quite a trade exists
between Oregon and China which would
be greatly increased by steam connection.
Remember the Sheriff's sale of Ileal
Estate on the 17th iDst., 4 valuable lots in
Shively's Astoria, to be sold to the highest
bidder, for coin at 2 o'clock, p. m.
W. H. Twilight Sheriff.
Passenger carriage from San Francis
co East, has been reduced on the railroad
to 60 in emigrant trains, and on sea 50
steerage. At these rates, with a little en
couragement of friends and others inter
ested here, immigrants from Europe and
our Eastern States should be able to reach
A fleet of vessels partly loaded in
Portland, arrived here yesterday to com
plete cargoes for sea. These vessels have
all been detained at the hog's-back, some
three, some five, and some seven days,
waiting the highest tides to get over.
"We hear that uncle George Burchard
of Gray's river, has it in his heart to go to
Alaska, but as Congress is in session he
fears they will donate all the land up
there to the Northern Pacific Hail road be
fore he could reach the territory; hence he
will not probably start until he shall see
what he shall see of the doings of the
"Assembled wisdom" of the land at the
Sea, Eidge Reclamations. "When
Clatsop plains were first settled the sea
ridges were covered with wild Vegetation,
which held the sands in check, but since
that time, by excessive pasturage, the
grasses have been destroyed, and the sands
loosened. The sands, driven by the winds
drifted back upon the plains and covered
the meadows, till it became necessary to
take steps' for united Teftbrts towards check
ing these encroachments. To this end
the Town of Clatsop plains was incorpora
ted, but the only plan adopted by the au
thorities has been to cause each farmer to
keep the cattle oft the sea ridge in front of
his farm, so that the native vegetation may
again spread over the sand. But something
more might be done, which would not only
hasten the work, but make it much better
than before. In the report of the Com
missioners to the Governor of California,
concerning experiments made on the sand
dunes at Golden Gate Park, are some val
uable suggestions. They think that the
sea ridges may be covered with coniferous
trees, in six years. The best plant to be
gin with, tried by them, is the native yel
low lupine, a shrub which grows four or
five feet high, has a long tap root, and lives
three or four years, bearing seed in abund
ance after the first year. It requires about
two months for the plant to develop suffi
cient strength to withstand the moving
sands; hence, common barley is sown with
it, the more rapid growth of the latter
checking the drifting sand until the lupine
is able to take care of itself. The lupine
covered the surface with a dense foliage,
two feet high, within the past year. Into
such growth nine, or other tree seeds, may
be sown, which will soon develop into a
forest. In France, the maritime pino is
employed with great success. "We do not
doubt, however, but the native spruce and
pine, which grows so abundantly on the
inner sand ridges, would grow upon
the outer ridges also, if afforded the pro
tection of sh rubber until the trees reach
a hight of one or two feet. We would
suggest to the Clatsop authorities a trial
of the lupine, so successful in California,
and if it should be found suitable for this
locality; that they cause the ridge from
Fort Stevens to the Sea-Side to be culti
vated with it, and afterwards sown with
seed from the neighboring forest.
Excellent Those Sugar Cured Hams, and
that Fresh Roll Butter, Fresh Buckwheat,
(this year's crop), Corn Meal, Cracked "Wheat,
Hominy, etc, at Case's. TJtf
Bring out That Gun !
Tit e Great Jlsj)ute Settled.
Portland vs. Astoria The Contest
Ended Meeting of the TVest
port High Joints The Subject
Discussed and Decided.
ASTORIA WINS THE POINT !
Bully for "Westport A Bloodless
Battle Full Report by our
Fighting Reporter !
Learning that a question of great mo
ment was to be discussed at a meeting of
the high joints at "Westport on the 9th
inst., and fearing that Rival newspaper
establishments of Portland would be on
the ground en masse through numerous
representatives, at very considerable ex
pense we fitted out an expedition which
sailed on the morning of that day con
veying our fighting editor to the " spot,"
and this is his report on the scenes of that
eventful night, ever memorable in "West "West
pert: Westport, Jan. 10th, 1S74.
My Worthy Chief:
Editor Asterian: Duly sober and
in excellent health I arrived "at this now
celebrated battle field at a very early hour
last evening. The coining contest, to re
port which you had taken so much extra
pains, and iiv urred so many liabilities (at
Arrigonis') for drinks, was the topic of
conversation everywhere. Men, Woman
and children were gathered in groups on
the street corners, and no subject ever be
fore was so thoioughly discussed in West
port. It reminded me very much of Wall
street, before a meeting of the J3ulls and
The questien: " Whether Astoria, or
Portland would be the most beneficial to
the State of Oregon as the principal ship
ping Port," was the matter to be debated
by the Westport Lyceum last night. The
debate led off by Mr. Robert West in the
affirmative who opened in fine style for
Astoria. Mr. Adams on the pah of the
Negative replied very sarcastically, with
a fiiv cutting but appropriate remarks, to
which Mr. John Davis, jr., replied very
gracefully, though with telling effect on
the umpire (Mr. Franklin) as he referred
to figures and statistics principally, and
.according to his debate, Astoria ought to
have been the principal shipping port of
the Pacific coast. Mr. Tim Driscoll in
attempting to change the effect of Mr.
Davis's argument on the umpire, and
hoodwink him if possible in favor of Port
land, was winked at by the umpire, as
much as to say, that spread Eagle style
wont do. Then Mr. Geo. E. Kelley sent
a few well directed shells from an Astoria
battery, completely scattering any points
in Driscoll's discourse which was standing
after the aforesaid sharp-shooters, but Mr.
Wm. Davis finding the iNegs, about to
retreat to a safe position, rallied them
again, and caused our worthy umpire to
look a little crooked while following him
in his eloquent historical description of As
toria and its surroundings, and now the
position which was lost, seems to be re
taken, but Mr. John McGuire (our worthy
President) not liking the present aspect of
things, makes a change of base and with
a new battery tries a flank movement,
which drove the Ncgs behind the breast
works. About this time Mr. C. A. Mc
Guire made a sortie disconcerting some
what, with his brilliant manceuvering, the
advance on the breastworks at the same
time displaying to the eager gaze of his
companions, the original two dollar and
a half piece left by Lewis and Clarke, or
the fur traders of Astoria, and which had
been the only coin in circulation at Asto
ria for about seventy years. This had a
tendency to revive the drooping spirits of
the jSTegs, many of whom made a move
ment in the direction of the quarter eagle,
but Mr. George Trenchard taking intiie
position at a glance, and also sound on
the Astoria question, made a stand and
held his ground creditably. After this,
sorties" were numerous, one led by Mr.
Joseph West had telling effect but was
finally repulsed by Mr, Tom. Davis, who
handled his artillery admirably, Mr.
Charles Davis of the ISTavy, brought his
gunboat in position and fired off a few
rockets to let the jegs know that he could
cover their retreat from the breastworks.
Mr. Adams made an eloquent appeal to
the Negs encouraging them, but Mr.
Robert AVest with a furious bayonet
charge, scattered the iSTegs and our worthy
umpire declared the victory gained by
Astoria. That Astoria would be more
beneficial to the State of Oregon, as the
principal shipping port, than Portland.
Very Respectfully Your
Ox for Sale. One stout, heavy
built work Ox, eight years of age, gentle
and well broken, weighing between 800
and 900 pounds, is offered for sale on ap
plication at John Douglass' ranch, Lewis
and Clarke river. d27"3st
fiS"A neat, clean, cosoy place, for gentle
men and ladies to enjoy a dish of fresh Oysters
is at tho Parker House Hestaurant.
Mr. Beal, of Washington county,
reports six plows running in sight of
his house on jSew Year's day.
Cattle are wintering well in the
Walla Walla country. Horses have
got through so far without hay.
The iarmers around Walla Walla
are selling their cattle, and investing
in sheep, believing it will pay better.
In Douglass county during the
year 1S73, 2S0 deeds were recorded,,
transferring 43,105 acres of land, val
ued at 207, 353.
L. E. Pratt has talked Albany
somewhat into the notion of having
a woolen factory, to be run by San
tiain ditch water.
General Milroy, Indian Agent at
Olympia, has gone east to defend
himself against the charges preferred
by Inspector Kemble.
G. B, Erwin, of Jefferson Mills,
lately killed two ten months7 pigs,
exact age, Chester White stock,
which weighed, respectively, 397 and
404 pounds net weight, dressed.
James Mitchell, of Union county,
last season harvested and thrashed
23 acres of wheat, a volunteer crop,
which averaged, as measured from
the machine, 40 bushels and one peck
to the acre-v
The Tacoma Tribune is informed
by a Puyallup farmer that he and
nearly a dozen of his neighbors will
be engaged in hop growing the pres
ent year in that valley. Upwards of
one hundred acres will be planted
The Tax-payers of Wasco county
pay 33 cents on an average for each
beef animal as taxes, and for want of
a wagon road a tribute of $2 50 must
be paid before they can get an' ani
mal to market. Such are the beau
ties of being bottled up, says the
jSTear Comstock's Station, on the
10th, a man named Murray, while
out hunting, had a terrific encounter
with a cougar, which boldly attack
ed him. Murray succeeded in kill
ing the cougar with a knife, but not
till after he had received some pain
The schooner Elida, which sail
ed from Coos Bay for San Francisco
nearly a month ago, is undoubtly lost
with all hands. The bark Brontes,
from Utsalady, picked up at sea a
trunk which was recognized as be
longing to a lady who had taken pas
sage in the ill-fated vessel.
During the week ending January
the 7th inst., there were shipped
from Eugene and. Hallett's thirteen
hundred tons of wheat,, mostly be
longing to the Salem Mills. On one
day thirty-seven car loads were ship
ped. This, at $70 per car. and the
charges are slightly over that figure,
would return the railroad company
2,690, a very good day's work.
The San Francisco Post says:
" Our friend Colonel Saxe, the great
importer of fine stock for the past
few years, has just returned from
Oregon after a six months absence;
in the meantime he has traversed
that State for over 400 miles east (up
the Columbia) and also nearly the
same distance south, through the
rich valleys to the California State
line. He is looking hale and heart',
and speaks of the Webfoot State in
glowing terms, saying the people are
industrious and intelligent, the cli
mate all that can be desired, and in
general productiveness unsurpassed.
When Colonel Saxe left in July he
took with him a herd of Kentucky
'shorthorns,' which he has sold at
prices hardly remunerative. jSTever
theless he is well pleased with his
A noticable fact in aqueous agen
cies in producing changes on the
face of our globe is the continual cut
ting away of the iSbrth bank of the
Columbia, from Vancouver to fthe
mouth of the Wallamet. From some
cause the current is forced against
the North bank, which, in many
places is cut away at the rate of at
least ten feet a year. In some places
but a narrow space intervenes be
tween the river and a deep slough.
This slough, known as Lake river,
has a deep channel, extending from
nearly opposite St. Helens to within
a few miles of Vancouver, and the
slough extends though little less in
depth, to the lower part of the town.
A few obstructions in the river on
the opposite side, or a little cutting
away of the bank on. that side, be
fore the next high water, would turn
the channel of the river into Lake
river. A Vancouver correspondent
says: It would be a rough joke if we
were obliged to go all the way to St.
Helens to find the mouth of the Wal
lamet, especially when the Columbia
is frozen over. The thing must be
J. W. Snodgrass, of Union coun
ty, will in a short time-kill 320 hogs,
the average weight of which will be
400 pounds. The hogs are half-breed
The thermometer at. the Dalles,
o.i the 7th at noon stood at 62 in
the shade. What will our Eastern
people say of it? The latitude of the
place is 46 .
In Umatilla county, Oregon
there are 10,000 sheep which aver
aged this year, six pounds of wool.
Mr. Frazer of Birch creek, from a
flock of 4,100, secured an average of
eight pounds. Among the number
are 500 with a Cotswold cross, and
the remainder are Merino grades.
Hawley, Dodd fc Co., of Port
land, have made an arrangement for
employing convict labor, to carry on
the building of wagons. The hubs,
spokes and felloes will be shipped
ready manufactured, from the East,
but all the iron work will be manu
ured by H., D. c Co., and the build
ing done entirely by them.
The counties in Oregon east of
the Cascade Mountains will ngxt
Spring clip the wool from one hun
dred thousand sheep, as near. as we
can estimate. The Assessors for the
year 1873 found 89,797, and as many
droves have since been brought from.
Western Oregon, we feel safe in
placing the number at one hundred
We have received a map from
the office of the San Francisco Chron
icle, says the Dalles Mountaineer,
wnicn taKen altogether is a very
cheap way to obtain notices from the ,
country press. The "map cost them
about fifty cents, for which they ex
pect a notice, puffing their "great
newspaper enterprise," worth three
or four dollars.
The Mountaineer says: We re
ceived a copy of the bill, introduced
by Senator Mitchell, authorizing the
Secretary of War to cause an examin
ation and survey to be made of the
Columbia river at the Cascades and
the Dalles, and to determine the
practicability of constructing locks
and digging a canal around them.
The bill further directs that if it is
found practicable to construct such
locks and canal that an estimate of
the cost be made, but if it is found
impracticable to avoid the obstruc
tions in the Columbia river at those
points by locking, then the Secretary
is directed to report upon the feasi
bility of extinguishing any private
right which may exist to said port
age. Which means for the United
States to buy out the O. S. N. Com
pany and other corporations inter
ested in the bottle cork of this re
gion. We think this bill is a move
in the right direction, as we have no
fears concerning the practicability of
making locks and canals aroundthe
river at the points named in the bill.
As the construction of locks at these
points will virtually free the Colum
bia river, and open it to the use of
the public, and thereby depreciate
the stock of the O. S. X. Company
and other corporations interested in
these portages we may expect to
hear wonderful stories about the im
possibility of locking the river at
these points so as to prepare the
public mind for the purchase of their
rights to said portages. The people
will be told that the rock at these
points is of more than adamantine
hardness; that the river raises twice
as high as the Nile; that the moun
tains are sliding together at these
points in such a fearful manner that
there will be imminent danger of
their pushing locks, canals and. v
out into the river. These and Gt,er
frightful things we may expect tp.
hear all calculated to hinder tje con-:
struction of the locks,, a.nd induce
the Government to pay a big price
for their private rights"