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ASTOKIA, OREGON :
I. C. IBEIAKD EDITOR
MONDAY .May 1, 1876.
THE DAILY ASTORIAN.
Corresponding ivith previous .an
nouncement ive this evening present
our readers ivith the first edition of
The Daily Astohiax. This step
ahead has not been taken with
out some misgivings but we have
carefully counted the . cost, and have
based our action chiefly upen the pre
vious liberal support which has been
extended to The Weekly Astoklav,
making it a success in every way for
more than two years past.
Very many of our patrons, having
the interest of Astoria at heart, and
desiring to see us establish a daily
newspaper here to foster that interest,
have at last given us what we consider
" assurance double sure," that a daily
may be published in Astoria success
fully, hence we are willing to test the
matter by practical experiment. We
shall put forth every exertion possible
on our part, to make it a successful
venture, but as we are not possessed
of a plethora of cash we can promise
nothing to lose in this experiment.
So long as the Daily Astoiilax can be
made to pay its current expenses, leav
ing us even, in a 'financial point of
view, we shall continue its publication,
but if pn tke other hand, it calls for
funds from other sources in order to
prolong its existence, we shall discon
tinue the publication. So far we have
been able to maintain The Astohtax
without bonuses from any source,
since the original donation of 1873,
which enabled us to commence the
work here, and which we think has
been prosecuted to the satisfaction of
the public at large, and in view: of the
fact that a suh&blizvl prat should be
despised, we hope to be able to con
tinue on our course only in an upright,
honorable and fearless manner, de
pendent for or suppoit who1y upon
the patronage of the people whose
views we may reflect, ihrough the
columns of our joimml ; views which
may be noted for liberal smk! fivv deal
ings iu all the tiuns.cLiois of Fe ;
views which shall advance the theory
of properly developing al1 of our'noWe
Oregon, without prejudice io the ad
vancement of any o her single locality
or favors from any sinole mifovnviao
such advocate of the material in-
dustry of Oregon v, c are billing to pro
ceed and trust that The Daily Asto
niANmyy live to attain a ripe age, aud
be favorably received by all clashes of
the community 'composing the great
and glorious State of Oregon.
Is it Good or Bad.
It is almost certain that the
Northern Pacific Railroad bill will fail
before Congress. The time of the
average Senator or Representative is
so much taken up with investigations
that he is almost impervious to the
assaults of 'the lobby. There are over
forty smelling committees, as they are
termed, diligently engaged in unearth
ing the private and" public life of every
influential politician, and party effect
is the paramount ooject in every move
that is made. Whether this condition
of affairs is fortunate or unfortunate
for us, as far as it effects iKe Northern
Pacific Railroad, would, of course,
depend upon the policy adopted bj
the company ri its dealings with the
people; If it were to bowhat we have
already had, we can thank our lucky
stars that the political pot is boiling ;
and on the contrary, if we had any
confidence in the belief that it would
be liberal, just, and directed by a far
seeing policy of making friends of the,
people, and aiding them in building
. up the country, the aid refused would
be : sad misfortune. As it is we" have
neither cause to lougli nor cryand we
can therefore, view the situation with
The following synopsis of remarks
by Hon. B. Goldsmith, before the
Portland Board of Trade, April 20th,
on the subject Of the proposed subsidy
to the Central Pacific Railroad, is re
spectfully commended to our readers
for the sensible conclusions therein
Mr. Goldsmith said : No matter
what action this board might take upon
tliis proposition, it would not settle
the question one way or the other.
This board, at the solicitation of Mr.
Pengra and Mr. Tilton, made the
inquiry of the Central Pacific Railroad
Company on what terms they would
give us railroad communication with
the East, and were led to expect some
reasonable propositions from that
company, so that this board might be
enabled to recommend to the peoxle
of this State that they accept said
proposition ; but upon the receipt of
the same, I for one was very much
disappointed. The proposition from
the railroad company now before lis is
full of objectionable features, so much
so that if you were to remove them,
there would be nothing left of the bill,
and I think the best way, in view of
this fact, would be to simply state to
Mr. Huntington that the proposition
is of such a nature that we cannot
recommend it to the people of this
State for their acceptance, and with
that drop the whole matter. To go
into the details, I would state my
objectiens: The first point is, they
require a right of way of two hundred
feet for the whole length of the line.
While this might not be objectionable
in the unsettled portions of the State
it certainly would be in the settled
rmrtions. No farmer ought to be
compelled to allow any railroad com
pany to go tlirough his lands and take
two hundred feet of land from him,
when forty feet, or even less, would
be sufficient for all purposes. The
next point is, that the railroad com
pany ;isks the State to sign coupons
and deliver the bonds so signed to it
at therate of $000,000 bonds for every
twenty miles of road completed, or
$3,000,000 on the completion of one
hundred miles. The bill does not state
where the one hundred miles of road
are to be built, whether in Oregon or
Nevada. Now, suppose the railroad
company, under this bill, were to build
one huudred miles of road the first
year in the State of Nevada, the bonds
would have to be delivered, and thip
State might have to pay interest on
those bonds for nine years, and have
no more railroad communication than
it now has. I do not wish to state that
the company would do this, but by the
terms of the bill it might do so. The
next point is that the company agrees
to charge only such rates for freight
andpsissengers to and from the Atlantic
Coast to the terminus in Oregon as the
charges might be between those places
and San Francisco, with the additional
charge of the rates of steamer or rail
road freights between Portland and
San Francisco. This article, if carried
out, would put us in a worse position
than we are in now, because the rail
road company being the owner of the
steamers between here and San Fran
cisco, with no show of a competing
line to exist, it could charge us any
price it would chose, over and above
present imces to San r rancisco. Ihe
next point is, that the railroad be
allowed to purchase all unsold State
hinds in this State. All we want rail
road connection for is to bring more
people into this State. Now, if on
one side you tax them heavy to come
here, and tax them heavy after they
are here, and take the few acres of
cheap lands which remain -away from
them, what will you do with them
after they get here ? Make slaves of
them for the railroad company The
gentleman who has preceded me has
stated that the railroad company, after
building the road, will have more
interests in this State than any of us,
and will seek to develop the State.
This Is well enough to talk about, but
is it borne out by facts I Does that
company to-day, when it taxes the
people of this coast very nearly seven
millions more on freight than it did
last year, stop and think if it will hurt
the development of this coast or not !
No, sir, it does not care for it ; and I
say, in conclusion, that we .are better
oft' without this road than to have it
under the terms here proposed.
Synopsis of Press Dispatches.
Andre Cavilli, machinist, who has
perfected what is supposed to be a
valuable machine for the manufac
ture of boots and shoes, was waited
upon at his shop by Dom Pedro, in
San Francisco, on the 25th, who or
dered a model of the machine, and
volunteered to consult with his gov
ernment about obtaining a patent for
the inventor in Brazil, as he is desi
rous of introducing the boot and shoe
manufacturing business into that
The Panama Railroad Company
have attached the stores of the
steamer City of Panama and will do
the same with all the Pacific Mail
steamers themselves, without filing
bonds of indemnity.
The Centennial Commissioners
have decided to close the Exhibition
on Sundays, but the grounds will be
open to the public on that day, free.
This week the Attorney General
will present to the cabinet the result
of his examination of the law on
the question regarding.the submiss
ion of original papers in the execu
tive departments to Congressional
Warren Ferrell has been ap
pointed agent for this county for can
vassing for two popular books : "Liv
ingstone's Last Travels," illustrated,
and Wigwam and War Path; or The
Royal Chief in Chains," by lion. A.
B. Meacham. These are standard
works, and will be a valuable addi
tion to any library. Dewey & Co. are
a-'enls for the Pacific Coast.
Josh Billings says: "There is
one thing about a hen that looks like
wisdom they don't kackle much till
they have laid their eggs. Sum pholks
are aluz a bragging, aud a cackling
what they are going tew do before
hand. Behold your Daily Astohian.
Let 's kakle-ate now to keep it up.
The Democratic State Convention
re-nominated Hon. Lafayette Lane
for Congress. Presidential electors
Henry Klippel, Jackson county; E.
A. Cronin, Multnoinah county; W.
B. Laswell, Grant, county. Fourth
District Attorney, F. P. Strong, Mult
Rumors are afloat that the for
tunes of those celebrated (?) Califor
nia millionaires (Flood t O'Brien),
have begun to dwindle. Consolida
ted Virginia was down to 70 last
$$ Behold ! A variety of spectacles
and eye glasses, in silver, and steel, and
rubber frames. A complete assortment
for salo cheap at Cage's.
5" A complete assortment of Eureka
spool silk in every variety and number,
warranted full length and of superior qual
ity. The best in the market at Case's.
Call and see his cabinet.
SU Everybody goes to the- Novelty
Barbershop to get fixed up in style. Every
person may come, and more too, fori have
employed a first-class aitist who will smil
ingly manipulate your chin, gracefully curl
your mustache, nicely puff your hair, and
lastof all, but not least, will perfume your
clothes with the most pupular perfumery in
use, "Patchouly" ifyou don't believe itjust
tiyit. Hnir cutting, shaving, and sham
pooing. Hair dying done and warranted
not lo turn red, break or split. Parker
J. L. Campbell, Proprietor.
Attorney at Law,
flSrOffico in "Varron.& McGuiro's building,
opposite Occident llotol, Chcnamus street.
CRANG, M. D.
Itain or shine, the Centennial
Exposition will open on the 10th of
May, and the formal programme has
been issued. Warner leads oft with
an original march, and is followed by
Whittier with his hymn, and Sidney
Lanier, of Georgia, with a cantata.
Then comes General Hawley with his
official statement and his introduction
of the President, who will close the
ceremonies by proclaiming the halls
open to the public,
At the solicitation of numerous friends, has
consented to practice medicine, and tenders
his sorvicc3 to the public. Dr. Cransr brings
many jears experience in tlio practice of his
T 1ST OP LETTERS
J i Remaining unclaimed in the Post-
oflico'at Astoria, Oregon, April 30. 187b' :
Ayling, Win. 11.0
Andeion. o. W. 2
Alkine, 3Ii? Elby
lilnnnr. l). U.
! Carter. Mi?s IMinnio
I Clough. U. 11.
, Dclluen, Frako.
Pobson, Joseph. 2
Fisher, JMiss I.
I Gibson. S. A. D.
Gibson, A. J.
Graham, Oliver. P. d
llydc, C. 11.
IJ endenor, Jomes.
Notary Public and Commlisloacr of
For California and Washington
OFFICE. Case's Building, corner Cass and
Chenamus streets, Astoria, Oregon.
FIELD, FLOWER AND GARDEN
seeds, Oregon and California, in full
supply, fresh and nice at I. "W. Case's.
Astoria ', Oregon.
The Proprietors are happy to announce that
the abovo Hotel has been
Repainted and Refurnished,
Adding greatly to tho comfort of its quests
TS NOW THE BESX HOTEL NORTH
- OF SAN FRANCISCO.
A. J. MEGLER, C. S. WRIGHT, Proprietors.
Hughes, C. A.
lUel'olan, Miss Nellie.
Mitchell, F. L
Paulding. Walter. D.
Potter. J. 1).
St. James, Mis3 Ida,
Stone, It. S.
Sbamto, Master F.
Tiel. John. J.
THE BEST ASSORTMENT OF
Crockery, Glass "Ware, Lnmps and
Lamp Chimneys in the City at Case's.
Masonic Hall Building, Astoria,
Fancy Goods, Ladies Dress and Cloak
Trimmings of the Lastest Style.
WILL ATTEND to ORDERS for DRESS
and Cloak making. Work will bo dono
in a satisfactory manner?
3T Agent for tho sale of Dr. Warner's Sani
tary Corsets, and also Children's Waists with
patent elastic buckles.
"FRESH SUPPLY OF 2 and 3 PLY
J? Carpets, Floor Oil Cloths, Table Oil
Clollis, Window Shades, for sale at Port
laud prices by I. "W. Case.
Corner Main and Chenamas Streots.
DKALKR IX THE CHOICEST JlttANDS OP
Tobacco and Cigars, and the
and other English Cutlory.
Fairchilds Gold Pens.
And all sorts of
STATIONERY, NOTIONS ETC.
RESil SUPPLY OF DOWNER'S Sc
Pratts Astral Coal Oil. Those oils are
perfectly safe and produco a magnificent light.
For salo by 1. W. CASE.
For Freight or Charter.
. THE Al NEW SLOOP,
FRED "WASS Master.'
Is now in readiness for business, and offers
superior accommodation to tourists on the bay.
53f Will carry freight or passengers to any
point at reasonable rates. Apply on board.
A GENCY FOR THE HOME MU-
xjl tual Fire Insurance Company at I.
B. BAjVIBURGER MERCHANDISE
DO NOT SEND AW AY -For
Printing of any kind, until
you havo tried THE ASTORIAN Office.
W AND ELEGANT STOCK
Wm. CHANCE. P. M.
Latest StTles of Millinery Goods,
BY THE LAST STEAMER,
At tho Rooms of
Mrs. A. D. WASS,
(Ur Statics, Brown's Building,)
Corner Main and Chcnamus Streets, Astoria.
R35" This stock consists of tho latest i-tyle
Hats, for Ladies and Children; Dress Trim
mings and Fancy Goods for Ladios, which will
bo sold at very low prices.
DRESS UNO CLOAK SSJff0 mptly attonded
1876. spring 1876.
ONE HALLS FIRE PROOF SAFE,
with Combination Lock, in good or
der, for sale chenp, at I. "W. Cabe's.
NEW MILLINERY STORE.
Mrs. H. A. Derby,
(Late of CLEVELAND, OHIO,)
WISHES TO ANNOUNCE TO THE FUB
lie of Astoiia and surrounding country,
that sho has just received a full and complete
And all kinds of
At the stand recently occupied by'in Mor
rison on'JlAlX STREET, Atloria,
And will bo prepared to fill all' orders for
first class goods in this lino at rea-onablo prices.
rttTXew goods will be received every month.
A NICE ASSORTMENT OF JEW
elry "Watch guards in various styles
Cor. of Chenamus and Polk Sts.
J. T. BOUCHERS, Proprietor.
i?r Washing hndlroning, Flulting.&c.,dono
at this Laundry by clean, white labor.
CSrJ T.Borchers still manufactures and has
for salo at the above place of business, tho
FAMOUS " CAVIAR."
JK3" Highest cash price raid fishermen for
STURGEON SPAWN. TOC,
J, T. BORCHERS,
. ASTOKIA LAUNDRY.
We take pleasure in
announcing to our patrons
and puMic generally that we have novr
in store a splendid stock
DRESS GOODS DEPARTMENT
Will be found a large and most com
plete assortment of
IjST our stock of
We stand unrivalled, as to the as
sortment and styles.
In Great Variety and Styles.
Boots and Shoes.
We present the most extensive assort
ment ever imported.
A FULL LIXE OF
Oil Cloths, Etc., Etc.
$&- Being the most COMPLETE iind
ATTRACTIVE display of STYLISH
Goods ever introduced in Astoria.
Iain street, Astoria, Oregon.
ri H.PAGE tfc CO.,
B" All kinds of country produco, wanted in
exchange for goods.
W. E. DEMENT,
CIIEXAMUS STREET, ASTORIA.
NEXT DOOR TO 1. V. CASE'S
DEALER IN PAISTS, OILS, VAR
TOILET AND FANCY ARTICLES.
Wines and Liquors Wsal
Prescriptions Carefully Compounded.
ON THE ROADWAY, NEAR HUME
& Co's! CANNERY,
Astoria, Oregon, .
OF EVERY XIND.-
Nails of All Descriptions.
DOORS AND WINDOWS,
KUSTIC, FLOORING, BLINDS,
MOULDING, SASH, ETC.
Wines and Liquors
BY THE BOTTLE OR THE GALLON
Custom made "boots and Shoes.
Tobacco of Fine Quality.
JBST This stock is in overy respect Al, and
will bo sold at tho lowest prices for cash, Givo
ino a call at tho new storo, on the lioadway.
33F Agency for the sate of the Domestic
Sewing Machine, at I. "W. Cate.
"5 ". ' i,U
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