Astoria, Oregon, Thursday Morning, August 2, L883.
OUR NORTHWEST POSSESSIONS.
Our Alaskan possessions, which
constitute about one-fifth of the
whole territory of the United
States, are inhabited by 33,420
people, of -whom only 430 are
white. It will probably surprise si
good many to learn that in that
region, under the dominion of the
General government, there are
9,703 Thlinkct and 78S Myda!
Yet the names of some of the Al
askan Indian tribes are not more
uuknown than are the material
resources and conditions of one
fifth of the national area to the
people and the legislators of the
It was the theory of Mr. Sew
ard, through whose influence the
purchase of Alaska was made, that
the contests of the future are to be
around the shores of the Pacific
seas; that the nation of the future
is the nation that holds the key to
these western waters; that the
purchase of Alaska would give our
republic a. foothold on both sides
of that sea, It is a geographical
impossibility that any other nation
can occupy a position in its own
territory upon both sides of the
Paoific. For this the United
States paid 7,000,000. The pur
chase has not proved to be a bad
investment. To the 30th of last
June the United States had re
ceived in revenues from that coun
try 3,000,170, mainly from the
Alaska Fur Seal company. The
contract with that company con
tinues for some years. It is easy
to see that the United States will
soon have an equivalent for its
Aside from this fact the govern
ment knows little about its new
possession. It has neither made
surveys of the unknown land nor
provided a government for any
portion of the territory. The lit
tle strip of land which stretches
from the Vancouver Islands, 30
miles in width, to Mount St.Elias,
bounded on the one side by Brit
ish Columbia and on the other by
the ocean, with the two islands
from which the Alaska Fur Seal
company takes its seals, are the
only portions of this vast domain
ofthich the United States has
any practical knowledge.
The government, after having
made its purchase, did not look at
its bargain. The territory is prac
tically undefended and abandoned.
The income which the government
receives is sufficient to pay a large
percentage on the original pur
chase. Yet there is no organized
government, and there is no pro
tection by the courts. The pro
vision of the revenue laws, that
suits may be brought in the Uni
ted States courts in California and
Washington Territory, is grossly
inadequate. Recent decisions
have cast doubt upon the authori
ty even of these courts to take
jurisdiction of certain cases in that
remote quarter. The dealings of
the government in this territory
are without precedent. Alaska
is not even a Territory, although
caUed so for convenience of no
menclature. Congress has re
fused to .organize Alaska into a
Territory. At most, this vast do
main is a Treasury collection dis
trict. Two departments of the
government, the Treasury and the
Navy, have some conflict of juris
diction as to their respective au
thority. The Treasury has a revenue-cutter
there, and the Navy
department has stationed there
what is called a- war-vessel. Yet
neither department is anxious to
assume responsibility for the con
duct of affairs. Both, in fact, wish
to be relieved of the burden. Yet
no one makes any question that
the people of this region are as
much entitled to protection as the
citizens of any part of the United
States. This is not only a duty
which the government owes alike
to all its citizens, but it is one of
the stipulations of the treaty of
cession. The treaty provides that
the people "shall be protected in
the enjoyment of their liberty,
property and religion." National
honor "and good faith are involved
in this. The best information is
that the resources of Alaska are of
more importance than the country
at first was led to believe.
More Murders by Apaohes.
The following is a summary of
Apache doings in Sonora, as gath
ered from El Frontertew. A
correspondent from Bavispe sajs,
under date of July 11th: 4Day
alter day we hour of Apache de
predations in this reighborhood.
Within the short period of. a few
days 150 cattle have been stolen
and by to-day's mail we have news
of the killing of seven men on the
Gtli and 7th inst."
A letter from Fronteras says,
under date of July 12th: "Our
troubles seem to have no end in
this unfortunate country. The
savages will let us alone for about
a month or so, while they go on
murderous expeditions to Chihua
hua. This week tliC3' attacked a
party, killing three persons. At
the same time they attacked an
other party near Los Charcos,
killing two men. A squad of in
fantry returned yesterday. They
did not succeed in overtaking the
Indians, who aie well mounted
and coming directly from Arizona
towards the Sierra Madres. These
same soldiers saw the tracks of a
large herd of cattle that the Indi
ans stole and were taken to the
A letter from Montezuma, dated
July loth, says: "Apache depre
dations are repeated here frequent
ly. Last week seven men were
killed near Tehachi, and they also
stole a large lot of cattle. 1 learn
from reliable authority that these
Indians are from Arizona. It is
time that the American govern
ment should stop, these Indians
from making more invasions of
our territory and that the press
and persons" of influence should
intercede in our behalf to put a
stop to so many losses which we
A letter from Oposura, dated
July loth, says: "The Indians
that promised to go to General
Crook have not done so, but con
tinue depredating. On the 7th
inst., they killed two men who
were going to Tehachi with a
cargo of wheat. A little farther,
near Batuc, they killed three, more,
and farther ahead, on the road to
Grandos, they killed two more."
The government has heretofore
been very lenient in passing arti
cles insufficiently stamped through
the mails, taking the chances of
obtaining the deficit from ihe par
ty to whom the article might be
addressed. This mode of trans
acting business has always been
foreign to the policy of the post
office department, and the depar
ture has been due lo the desire to
make things as easy as possible.
Evidently human nature does not
pan out as well as the department
expected, and the deficit has
probably reached a sum so consid
erable as to suggest a rigid en
forcement of rules. In accord
ance, therefore, a late order of the
Postmaster-General provides that
no package, parcel or letter will
be forwarded upon which the pos
tage has not been fully paid. This
order is of importance to everyone
and should be fully understood.
If the card of the sender is on the
package the package will be imme
diately returned, otherwise the
party addressed will be notified
and requested to furnish the re
quisite amount of postage.
New York bay just now is full
of sharks. The oldest boatmen
and fishermen cannot remember
any summer when these ugly vis
itors were so numerous or so large.
H-ige fellows, with largo dorsal
fins like the center-boards of sail
boats, can be seen gliding stealthi
ly near the surface of the water.
They travel in the wake of garbage-scows
and great numbers of
them can be seen in the neighbor
hood of the dumping grounds.
They also haunt some of the favor
ite fishing grounds and completely
spoil all sport.
After eating each meal take a Joso
of Brown's Iron Bitters. It helps di
gestion, relieves the foil feeling about
A Tottering Kingdom.
The 2?. Y. World editorially
says: We are glad to hear evi
dences that the monumental fraud
called the kingdom of the Sand
wich Islands, which has been
maintained for the past twelve
years at the expense of the people
of the United Mates, is readv to
fall to pieces. A great many
jobs have from time to time been
put up on the people of the Uni
ted States, but we do not know ol
any worse than that of the Sand
wich Islands. While wc tax the
products of Canada and Mexico
and do everything to destroy
the trade between ourselves and
these friendly neighbors, we
pay the Sandwich Islands ring a
subsidy of 2,000,000 a year as
evidence of our high esteem for
their system of Coolie slavery.
This money is divided betwen
San Francisco refiners, the Cen
tral Pacific, Clans Speckles, Oavid
Kalakaua and his pinchbeck court.
It has naturally made things lively
in Honolulu, but we are told that
it will not last. Aryan civiliza
tion is fatal to the Kanakas and
Kalakaua is merely a vicious sen
sualist, unfit for anything except
the base pleasures ol his race.
We presume that when our costly
card-house kingdom falls to pieces
England will step in and assume a
A Chinaman bet 3 that he
could swim across the Sacramento
river with his clothes on. When
he failed and went under, his op
ponent clapped his hands in gicat
glee, but suddenly turned pale
and staggered. The drowning
man had the stakes in his pocket.
The total export of wheat from
San Francisco for the hist harvest
year was 14,G0U,992 centals, val
ued at $25,311 ,092.70; while the
flour shipped was, in round num
bers, about 1,105,000 barrels vaU
ued at $5,025,000.
This jmwder nexcr varies. A marvel o
puritv. strength ami wh jUsomenes. Mora
' economical than the onllnarv kinds, and
i cannot be sold in competition with the iukI-
j titiuie oi low test short weight, alum or
pnospaaie powoers. .vifuoijo; m cam. nov
AI. ItAKINO Pownitu Co.. iw Wall-st. X. Y.
Mfe 8TOXEACBC fr
Ilostcttcr's Stomach Uittcrs. by increasing tlio
vital power, and rendering the physical func
tions regular and active, keeps the system in
good working order, and protects it against
disease. Kor constipation, dyspepsia and lir
er complaint, nervousness, kidney and rheu
matic ailments, it is invaluable, and it affords
a sure defence against malarial fevers, beside s
removing all traces of such disease from the
For .nle by all Drujrrists and Dealers
Cor. of Clienninu-, and Denton Streets
ASTORIA. - - - OREGON,
Kawtw i .j i mm i i
Have the best facilities for furnishing
Of all kinds, of anv firm in the cits.
ii tRMAN REME U
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of ihe Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Soro Throat, Swell'
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
No Preparation on earth equals St. Jacobs Oil
u a safe, sure, simple and cheap External
Hemtdj. A trial entail but the etwpsiatlTely
trWinp" outlsy of 50 Cents, and erery one suffer
ing irltb pain can havo cheap and padtira proof
Directions in Xlercn languages.
BOLD 3T ALL DBUG GIST3 AKDDEALEE3
A. & CO.,
Jiatthiiorc. ZTJ., V. 3. A.
Fishing on the Siualaw.
There will he three firms en
gaged in salmon catching on the
Siuslaw this season viz: Berg
man & Co., Dane & Co., and
Woodmausee, Webster & Co.
Bergman, Moody & Co., who some
time since were reported to be
preparing to run the Florence
salmon cannery, have abandoned
the idea of canning this Sanson,
but will carry on the business of
salting on a large scale. Wc
understand that the cannery near
the mouth of the L'mpqua river
will not be run during the coining
season. Coast Jfail.
SYtVIPTGrYiS OF WORMS,
The countenance is nle and leaden
colored, witlt (icr&IOMul flushes of n clr-t-anwribetl
spot on one or lotli cheeks;
ti.e evs become dull; the pupils dilate;
in u.miv semicircle runs along the lower
cj- lid; the nuso is irritated, swells, mid
KOinet line.? bleeds ; u swelling of the upper
Hp; occasional headache, with humming
or throbbing of the curs; nn unusual se
cretion of saliva; .slimy or furred tongue;
brent 1 1 very foul, particularly in the morn
ii!, apatite variable, sometimes vora
cious with a gnawing sensation of the
stomach ; at others, entirely gone; fleeting
pains in the stomach ; occasional nausea
and vomiting; violent pains throughout
the alxloiiien; Iwvels irregular, at times
costiw; stools slimy, not unfrequcntly
tinged with blood lelly swollen and hard ;
urine turbid ; respiration occasionally dilll
cnlt and accompanied by hiccough ; cough
sometimesdryand convulsive; uneasy and
disturbed sleep, with grinding of theteeth;
:nper variable, but generally irritable.
hciievrr the alxve symptoms arc
found to exist,
C. McLAXFS YEU3IIFl?(JK
w il certainly effect a cure.
In buvinK Vtirniifixgtt be sure yon
the e .-inline Ilt. C. JlcLAXK'S VKIOII
Kl ;K. manufactured by Fleming Itrot.,
it WikmI Street. Pittsburgh, l'a. The
ui irk-t Is full of counterfeits. You will
b. tmht if it has the signature of Flcm
iuc Itrtis. and C.McI.aiie.
if your storekeeper does not have the
genuine, please rojort to us.
Send us a three cent stamp for S hand
some advertising cards.
FLKjllN'U BKOS., Pittsburgh.
A. IE . Johnson &Co.
CANNERY SITE FOR SALE.
THE ntOI'EKTY KKOWN AS A. l CO.'S
Xct Hacks, ad joining Fort Canl)y.2D23'
foot boats, good for linker's Kav or up river
fishing : H net racks complete ; frontage 's
feet running to deep water; one Mock on
shore with mess house.
This Is tin? most convenient place for
salmon nets, traps and seines anil decidedly
the best location on the Columbia river for a
"Will sell for cash or will take stock with
satisfactory Fishermen's Packing Co.
B07.0RTJI & JOHNS.
k TiTi nTn nnmrnn n
I K'TELS AND RESTAURANTS.
FARE EE HOUSE,
ASTOUIA, - OREGON.
PIKNT CLASS HOTEL.
Ai.t VOUKKX IMl'UOVEMENTS.
5OT AXD COLD BATIK.
None But White Help Employed.
b-fj:kk coach to titk iiouse.-s
IT IS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
! has Alnaj s on Hand. FRESH
Shoal Water Bay and East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
He lia In-fit I'roprlctor or the "Aurora
Holel" in Knnpptou seven yearn.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
Refitted throughout : thelTablc supplied
with the het : the beds clean and comfort
able. A Firs:chiss House.
Hoard by the week, - $r.w
Meals to order.
.1. (5, ROSS, Proprietor.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
3Ica! . rents and upward.
- - ASTORIA.
SEVILLE & CO. .
Pacific Net and Twine Co.
Sax Fuancisco, April llth, 188.':.
Fur general convenience,
wc liava .sent a supply of Xo. 30, 12
ieimiiic Scotch Salmon Ict
Twine, to the care of A. JOIIXSOX
& CO.. Astoria, which will be sold at
low enough ligures to make it an object
for all not tnt'iulers lo use it for repairs,
in place of Ihe more costly "No. AO, 12-
Fishermen who have heretofore used
this grade of twine for repairs, claim
that the durability of the patch is equal
to the balance of the net, after the latter
has had a few weeks use. We think it
will be money in your pocket to try it.
For prices and samples apply to
A. M..10MXSOX &CO
Neville & Co. Sole Agents, I lv,h .
::uid S3 California St. San t rand-co.
! MAGNUS 0. 0ROSBY,
HARDWARE, II, STEEL,
I nnn Din a nnrl C 544 1 n r r
mum ripe aiiu nuiiiip,
PLUMBERS AND STEAM FITTER
Goods and Tools,
SHEET LEAD STRIP ' LEAD
SHEET IRON TIN AND COPPER,
Stoves, Tin Ware and House
JOBBING IN SHEET IRON, TIN. COP
PER PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING
Dana with neatness and dispatch.
None hut Hrst class workmen employed.
A larse assortment oC
Constantly on hand
THE LATEST STYLES
B. B. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT nOOK TO ASTOKIAN OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
Window curtains made to order.
J-My patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper
will be lound convenient to my patrons.
EC. :JE IE ES 3R
Hay, Oats, Straw.
t me, Brick, Cement and Sand
"Wood Ilelivcrctl to Order,
Dtaying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND.CICARS.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber.
All kinds of
OAK LUMBER, J
Boat Material, Etc.
! Boats of all Kinds Made to Order.
"Orders from a distance promptly attended to. and .satisfaction guaranteed in all cases
S. ARNDT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Benton Street, Nkak Parker House,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAND aiiu MARINE ENGHES
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. OTall descriptions made to Order
at Short Notice.
A. I). Wass. President.
.1. G. Hustlkb. Secretary,
I. W. Case, Treasurer.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
EgfAII goods sold at San Francisco Prices.
Opposite Parker House. Astoria. Oregon.
No. 40 I2-Ply
SALMON TWINE !
CORK AND LEAD LINES,
A Full Stock Now on Hand.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
511 Market Street. Sun Frauclsce.
Sole Agents for the Pacific Coast.
A. V. Allen,
(SUCCESSOR TO PAGE & ALLEN.)
Wholesale and retail dealer"! In
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
Q W. FULTON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
l'ooni3 5and C. Odd Fellows Building.
: AUCTIONEER COMMISSION AND IN
JAY TUTTIiE, 31. I.
PHYSICIAN AND SUBGEON
Office Rooms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
Residence Over J. E. Thomas' Druir
PURVEY OR OF
C'latMop County, and City of Astoria
Office : Chenamus street, Y. M. C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
JP P. HICKS,
ASTORIA, - - - - OREGON
Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corner
f Cass and Sqemocqhe stret .
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenamuslrtreet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
J J. JOXES,
Ship and Steamboat Joiner.
JQIJ. J. E. LaFORCE,
Room ii. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
Q J. CUJITIS,
A'lTV AT LAW.
Notary rublic. Commissioner of Deeds for
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Rooms 3 and I, Odd Fellows Building, As
N. It. -Claims at Washington. I). C and
collections a specialty.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on- any
Part ol Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LTNE.
I'ri'imid tiekets to or from any European
For full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, cte, apply to
I. W. CASE.
BOZOETH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and Genera! Insurance
ASTORIA, ... Oregon.
WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
ern. State Investment, Hamburg, Bre
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers' Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
York Life, of N. Y.
We have tlio only complete set of township
maps in the county, amlhave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions.
Timber Lands, etc.. having all the official
blanks therefor. Our maps can le exam
ined in tlte office, upon the payment of a
We also have for sale city property in As
toria and additioas, and farms and tide land
Rents, and other collections made, and
ill CLEARANCE SALE!
to make room for more
Hardware ai Slij Chandlery
A. VAN DUSEN & GO.
Will sell at cost their entire stock or
HATS AND GAPS
BOOTS AND SHOES.
These goods must be disposed of as we are
soon to receive another large lot of
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
And must have room to store It.
WE HAVE THE AGENCY FOR ASTO
m of the above safes ; parties desiring
to pnrchase will do well to call and examine
catalogue and price lists.
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