Newspaper Page Text
Astoria, Oregon, Friday Morning, August 3, 1883
The Empire to the North.-A Valu-
Sir. I have pleasure in com
plying with your request to pro
Yiae he astoriax with an ac
count of my observations made in
that portion of "Washington with
which the people of your city, es
pecially, have important busiifess
and social relations, and inter
course, and where vour able and
independent journal has many
and. intelligent patrons, which lies
within the angle formed by the
junction ol the uoiumbia river
with the Pacific ocean, comprising
the counties of Clark, uowhtz,
Wahkiakum, Pacific and Chehalis.
This vast country, which has an
area of ten thousand square miles
six millions of acres lies east of
the Cascade mountains and
within the Puget Sound Basin,
being possessed of all the physi
cal characteristics and peculiarities
-which attach to that renowned
region. Four fifths of the surface
is, or has been, covered with
dense forests of the fir tree, yel
low and white, cedar, spruce, hem
lock, pine, ash, cotton wood, alder,
and vine maple. Ihe full grown
fir, the chiefest of all the trees,
will average in size, when full
grown, five feet in diameter and
two hundred or more feet in
height of wood fit for lumber,
whilst many single specimens are
much larger, being from eight to
fifteen feet m diameter and pro
portionately high, capable of yield
ing from twenty to twenty-five
thousand feet of lumber each.
The average production will be
fifteen thousand feet with eaSe
An expert from one of the mills
recently reported from twenty to
forty million of feet to the section
one square mile upon some of
tho best. Altogether it is com
puted that there are twelve mil
lions o acres east and west of the
Cascades. The wood is compact in
fibre, form, elastic, and bitum
ous, is adapted to all ordinary
uses, and especially to ship build
ing in all its parts from founda
tion to peak, and on account of
length to keels masts and spars.
One "stick" was recently floated
for use at Boston, a spar, of one
hundred and forty-four feet six
inches, another, one hundred and
two feet long being fifty inches at
smaller end. Many are much lar
ger and longer. Cedar of fijie
quality and great size raugiifg
from two to twenty-five feet in
diameter. They will ordinarily
measure with the fir. Hemlock of
similar magnitude is sparse, spruce
m greatest aoundance oi equal
average dimensions grow near the
coast, where all trees are larger,
and of Detter quality than else
where. Cottonwood attains equal
size, it is a tough, compact fibrous,
pulpy material adapted to barrel
making, and might profitably be
used in making coarse paper.
Ash and oak are dwarfed and
there is a conspicuous absence of
decidurous eastern trees. The
evergreens described, have but
few branches which incline down
ward: little foliage, are nearly of
uniform size well towards the top.
and have but a superficial setting
in the soil, without tap root, their
support being largely atmospheric.
The forests are unbroken by
winds which never prevail violent
ly, hence, the stupendous growths
of centuries stand erect, as when
in bygone ages they first peeped
from the earth. Numerous saw
mills, varying in size from a por
table, to one, tho largest size in
the world, at Port Ludlow, four
hundred and forty feet long, for
lumber two hundred and twenty
feet if needed, and has a general
cutting capacity of one quarter
million feet daily. Many of the
mills have their own ships, which
convey their productions to Asia,
Australia, the Pacific and Atlan
tic coasts of North and South
America, France, England, and
the Nile. This timber description
may be applied to the entire
Sound country. Coal of excellent
quality is found in almost everv
direction,- much of recent discov
ery. There was on exhibition at
the Clark county fair, a huge
boulder of compact formation, it
abounds in the Black Hills, and a
fair sample was taken lately from
a bank on the Wynoocho; that it
will bo developed in many con
tiguous localities is well assured.
Iron, bog and hematite, may be
tnrned up almost any where,
magnetic of the very finest quali
ty, fit for fine cutlery, is mixed in
inexhaustible profusion in all the
gold bearing sand at, and below
Gray's harbor. A large copper
supply has been long known to
exist north of the Chehalis toward
the Olympia range of mountains.
A friend informs me that he has
possession of a specimen of galena
discovered near the same locality.
Insufficient machinery only, not
.absence of gold, has caused a sus
pension of mining Derations, for
that metal is easily observed in all
the Pacific sands north of the Co
lumbia with a constant accession
to the supply. The timber coun
try when cleared and cultivated
has :t rolling or high hilly surface,
and is capable of conversion into
the very best of tgricultural
and grazing lands. This is
plainly manifest in a thous
and examples in Lewis coun
ty, winch is largely improved
contiguous to the region under
consideration and may propeny be
used for illustration, being one of
the very best anywhere. Clark
and Cowlitz also verify the state
ment. In numerous instances
clearings in man' places along the
rivers and on the plains attest the
fact by excellent and beautiful
farms from the woods. "White
clover is irrepressible and of spon
taneous growth, good soil,
abundant shade, running streams
of pure cold water make this en
tire body of land well adapted to
raising livestock, especially neat
cattle, sheep and swine. Red
clover, also herd, Kentucky, blue,
and other grasses flourish. The
clover stays in root a scon of
jrears, as demonstrated, and re
sists protracted drought to an in
credible degree. Vegetables and
fruit cannot be excelled in size
and perfection, otherwise all the
fruits of tho latitude flourish.
Many kinds are very superior,
especially those having smooth
skins and pits-, grapes, cherries,
plums and prunes, of which last I
found on exhibition at Vancouver
fair particularly for sample, dried,
being well cured, soft, sweet and
well flavored. It is claimed
that they are superior to the
foreign fruit, which 1 doubt not,
for they command an advanced
price over all others.
But I do not advise any person
to seek to obtain u farm in the
forest, proper: on the contrary, J
advise against such folly. It is ad
visable only to cultivate forest land
where the timber mav be thin or
destroyed by fire, or cut off by
or contiguous to
land. Tho cost will larjrelv
balance the profit of such proceed-;
nirs. l here is an abundance ol .
bottom lands hero and of prairie
land beyond the Cascade moun- i for shooting and floating the tim
tains of the best quality awaiting! ber which borders on their shores.
occupation and labor to yield
early and abundant returns.
Furthermore it is a willful and un-
wanton destruction of a great gift
of God designed for posterity as
well as for this generation of men.
Timber is a specialty and should
not bo disturbed for agricultural
purposes only, it being more valu
able as it stands, and will stand,
in that state, than fifty or an hun
years ol jrrain, I nut or
grazing crops considering the cost!
of production which they each i
mvoive year alter year with the uons, anu promises again io oe
repeated failures of seasons. The J come the chief oyster-bed of the
farming lands are to be found j coast, there being a proper ad
upon the river valleys, beaver i mixture of fresh and salt water
dam bottoms, and alluvial forma- for their growth, and convenient
tions. Generally those abound on all j depth for using rakes. At this
the rivers, when combined of season they grow vigorously and
thousands of miles in extent, j spawn lreely, and so give promise
which I will designate so thatyourj of assured abundance in the fu
distant readers if so inclined, can j ture. Gray's Ilarbor is prolific in
trace them upon the maps. The j the supply of crabs and variety of
Lewis. Salmon, lvalama, Cowlitz, j clams, salmon, halibut, sturgeon,
Grays, "SVallicut and Chinook and j bass and trout abound variously
other waters which empty into j
the Columbia; the Willapa, North, ;
Smith, Cedar, Capalix Xevma
Laselle and Bear, which run into
Shoalwater Bay; the Johns, Elk,
Satsop, Wynoche, Wiska, Ho
quium and "LJmptulups, tributaries
to the Chehalis, which thus pour
their waters into Gray's Harbor.
Some of these lands, especially on
the Cowlitz and Chehalis, are al
ready cleared and in full cultiva
tion, producing grains, grasses,
vegetables and fruits in great
luxuriance. Much of this surface,
especially on the tributaries of the
"Willapa and Chehalis, arc in their
natural condition, being covered
with a dense growth of alder,
elder, vine maple and smaller
brushes which are easily cleared,
and then cleared by firing. An
industrious and dextrous man
can clear one acre in a week or
ten daj's, or can hire it done for
ten or fifteen dollars an acre,
when simply by sewing grass
seed he can in one year secure a
crop. The soil is made up of a
deep, fertile mould, inexhaustible,
adapted to all grasses, vegetables
fruits, wheat, rye, barley, flax,
hops, tobacco and broom corn.
Tide grass, a perennial, grows
naturally on all marshes, is verv
nutritious and is sought after bv
cattle, who may live upon it ex
clusively during the winter sea
son. Butter is largely produced
and its manufacture will soon,
with its natural concomitant
cheese making, become tho
chief industry of all these valleys.
upon the coast is unusually well
adapted to the cultivation of cran
berries, which grow vigorously,
and I will state it is not needful
here to raise water for their pro
tection by overflow, for neither
early or late frosts ever affect
them, the sun does not shine with
sufficient intensity of heat to
scald, and as yet no insect has in
vaded their domains, but little
turfing and no dykiug or sanding
is required. A company of expe
rienced gentlemen from New Jer
sey, skilled in their cultivation,
and familiar with all requirements
of soil, and atmospheric conditions
from long and profitable experi
ence have purchased eighteen hun
dred acres of bog land in Pacific
county at a cost of thirty thousand
dollars, and are about to employ
two hundred and fifty hands to
prepare and plant twelve hundred
acres. It may be observed that
the entire Sound region abounds
with localities equally adapted to
cranberry cultivation, an- industry
which I commend to men of small
or large means as promising great
The water s3-stem of this extensive
region is a most important feature
of its resources and advantages.
The Cowlitz river is navigable for
fifty miles, which b clearing ob
structions, easily effected, would
be doubled. This stream empties
into the Columbia, a majestic
river, and conspicuous throughout
tho world for its immense
dimensions of waterway, and drain
ing an area of four hundred
thousand square miles, from
the main body of which, as it
passes by your prosperous city, is
obtain(-d the chief salmon supply
which provides the world, aggre
gating in value annually the enor
mous sum of three millions of dol
lars, thus employing seventeen
hundred vessels and five thousand
men. Another chief river is the
Chehalis, which rises near the
Sound and winds in its various
courses nearly an hundred miles
to the sea. A more beautiful
river, navigable for sixty miles,
deep, silent, strong, with its bold,
rapid tributaries from the moun
tains rushing to their destination,
all overshadowed by the ever en-
during verdure of the forest is as
i vet undiscovered. All of these.
waters are useful, not only for
navigation ana commerce ana
their living inhabitants, but also
Baker's Bay, one of the safest and
most convenient of harbors, lies
just within the bar of the Colum
bia. Shoal water Bay and Gray's
Harbor, upon the Pacific front,
but a few miles apart, cover con
jointly an area of 'ten thousand
acres, each having a conspicuous,
safe and easy inlet from the sea,
with twenty feet of water upon
their respective bars at mean low
tide and deep waters with safe
Shoal water has
been famous for
in the salt and fresh waters, tshad
recently introduced are excellent
in quality and comparatively
abundant. The climate is mild in
winter and summer, free from ex
tremes, without severe winds,
thunder storms, or any violent at
mospheric disturbances. The
rainy season may bo disagreeable
to persons not accustomed thereto,
yet the rain fall is not excessive
and does not exceed that ot the
Atlantic states, whilst it is entire
ly free from the snow, sleet, hail
and violent gales which ofttimes
afflict the east. To the rains are
due mainly the immense vegeta
ble growth which is peculiar to,
and exists only on the Pacilic
cjast. As a summer sea-side re
sort no place can surpass the
strand and contiguous shore lands
from Gray's Harbor to the Colum
bia. Covered with a thick, vigor
ous body of Scotch pine, growing
upon gentle undulations, matted
with perpetual natural sward, a
drive way of grat width upon
the compact, solid sands of the
sea-shore for a distance of forty
miles in a straight line, with the
ever rolling and ever sounding sea
on the one side, dense forests of
perpetual verdure and the snow
clad Olympias on the other, no
place can claim more beautiful,
grand and healthful surroundings.
These conditions are especially
noticeable on Peterson's Point, at
the southern spit of Gray's Har
bor, at North Cove, beyond Shoal
water Bay and at Ocean. Park,
hard by, at which place a lauda
ble and successful effort is in op
eration by the Methodist denomi
nation to establish, under the su
pervision of the same sagacious
and enterprising members who
projected the far-famed Christian
sea-side resort at Ocean Grove,
New Jersey, a counterpart upon
the Pacific shores.
William A. Nkwei.i..
Neuralgia, Sciatica. Lumbaqo.
Backache, Soreness oMhe Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Soro Throat, Swell
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, Genera Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
No Prf paration on earth equals Sr. Jacobs Oil
ts ft safe, sure, simple and cheap External
Itemed. A trial entails but the conparatirelj
trifling outlay of CO Cents, and crery ona lufler
lng with rain can hxto cheap and podtTre proof
cf iu claims.
Directions in Eleren Languages.
BOLD 3Y ALL DRUGGISTS AHD DEALERS
A. VOGEIiSR & CO.,
''Where is the girl of long ago?"
shuts Joaquin -Miller. Wc saw
her the other day, Joan, lint she
isn't a girl any more, She had
gray hair and a wart on her nose,
had no teeth and wore specs.
SYMPTOMS OF WORMS.
Tho i-ountonancc is pale and leaden
colonel, with orcaslouul iluslu-s of a cir-cumvriJx-d
sjwit on one or both checks;
tin- evs lK-.rm dull; the pupils dilate;
an azure .vmlein-le runs along the lower
eye-lid; the nose is irritated, swells, and
.sometimes bleeds ; n swelling of the upper
lip; occasional headache, with humming
or throbbing of the curs; an unusual se
cretion of saliva; slimy or furred tongue;
breath very foul, particularly in the morn
ing; appetite variable, sometimes vora
cious with a gnawing sensation of the
.stomach ; at others, entirely gone; fleeting
pains in the stomach; occasional nausea
and vomiting; violent pains throughout
the abdomen; lxiwels irregular, at times
co-itive; stools slimy, not unfrequcntly
tinged with blood : belly swollen aud hard ;
urine turbid ; respiration occasionally difll
cull and accompanied by hiccough ; cough
sometlmcsdry and convulsive; uneasy and
diMurb?d sleep, witligrindiimof tlieteetii ;
trinpcr variable, but generally irritable.
Whenever the aIovc symptoms are
found to exist,
HK. C. XcLAXE'S YERMIFIHSE
will certainly etl'ect a win.
In buying Wmiifnge 1k sure vou -r'-the
genuine Ilt. C.-MoLANK'S VKKMl
ITCK, manufactured by Fleming Urns.,
Jl Wood Street. Pittsburgh, la. The
m-irket is full of counterfeits. You will
In- risrht if it has the signature nf Flem
ing Itros. aud C. JUcLsiuc.
If your storekeeper does not ha the
genuine, pleaso reimrt to us.
Send us a three cent stamp for I iiand
soin.' advert llug cards'.
FLE3IIXG BROS., Pittsburgh,
Is not a "cure nil," it is a blood-purifier and
tonic. Impurity of the blood poisons thesys
tem, deranges the circulation, and thus in
duces many disorders, known bv different
names to distinguish them according to ef
fects, but being really branches or phases of
that great generic disorder. Impurity or
KIood. Such are J)uJcflla, Uillwiune,
Liver Complaint, ConHuitln,Xcrriiu Dix
rtrdcr. Headache, Backache, General Weak'
n, Henri Dlsewe,Dnrp.u Kiilneu Dicac,
cures these bv attackimr the cause. Iumttritv
of the blood. Chembtsand physicians agree
in calling it "the most genuine and efficient
preparation for the punose." Sold bvDni"
gLsts, SI per bottle. See testimonials", direc
tions. Sc., in pamphlet, "Treatise on Diseases
ot the Wood." wrapj)ed around each bottle.
D. RANSOM. SOX & Co.. Props
Buffalo. N. Y.
THE LATEST STYLES
B. 3. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT DOOItTO ASTOKIAN OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
Window curtains made to order.
Br-My patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper
will be lound convenient to my patrons.
Cor. of Chonanms and Denton streets
ASTORIA. - - - OREGON",
Have the hest facilities for furnishing
Of all kinds, of any firm in the eitv.
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
A. ASS KM,. Manager.
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON,
FIRST CLASS HOTEL
AM. MODERN IMPROVEMENTS.
KT AS1 COf.I BATHS.
None But White Help Employed
ea-FKKE COACn TO THE HOUSE.-
IT TS A FACT
JhFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
IF- has Always on Hand FRESH
Mioal "Water Hay anrt East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
lie lias lieeu Proprietor of the "Aurora
Holel" in Knappton seven year.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
ltelltted throughout : thelTable supplied
Mini i in nesi : me Deus ciean ana conuort
Hoard by the week. - S5.C0
.ueais to oruer.
J. C, ROSS, Proprietor.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DA V AXD NIGHT.
nieals 23 cent and upwards.
31.1 IX .STKF.I7T.
NEVILLE & 00.
Pacific Net and Twine Co.
v Sax Fka.ncisoo, April nth, 1833.
For s'iieral convenience,
.we have MMit a supply of IVo. SO, 12
l!y (ieimiiie Seotelt Salmon Net
TAvine. to the care of A. M. JOI1NSOX
& CO.. Astoria, which will be sold at
low enough figures to make it an object
for all net menders to use it for repairs,
in place of the more costly Xo. 40, 1
Fishermen whnjiave heretofore used
this ;:r.ule of twine for repairs, claim
that thcdurability ot the patch is "equal
to the balance of the net, after the latter
has had a few weeks use. AVe think it
will he money in yourpockec to try it.
For prices and samples apply to
Neville & Co. Sole Agents, (.-,, Vr.,ntM
:tl and 5? California St. fSan rranchen.
A.M. Johnson & Co.
A FULL LINE OF
5. 23- -3. SI IS
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wood Delivered to Order,
Graying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND.CICARS.
CANNERY SITE FOR SALE.
Til E PROPERTY KNOWN AS A. P. CCS
Net Racks, adjoining Fort Canby. 20 23JJ
foot boats, good for Baker's Bay or up river
fisliiiiK ; H net racks complete ; frontage 200
feet running to deen water: ono block on
shore with mess house.
llu Is the most convenient place for
salmon nets, traps and seines and decidedly
the best location on the Columbia river for a
"Will sell for cash or will take stock with
satisfactory Fishermen's PacklncCo.
BOZORTH & JOHNS.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber.
All kinds of
r t TT t rrnr-n m-r SSs
Boat Material, Etc.
1 Boats of all Sinds Made to Order. 1
"Orders from a distance promptly attended to, :uid satisfaction guaranteed In all cases
S. ARNDT & EERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
BlXTOX SlKEKT, NKAR. PABSElt HOUSE,
ASTORIA, - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAM ail MARIE EE1ES
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
Of alt Descriptions made to Order
at Short Xotlce.
A. D. "Wass. President.
J. G. Hustler., Secretary,
I. Y. Case, Treasurer.
LOEB & CO.,
AGENTS FOR THE
Best San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds of Saloon Supplies.
J3rAU goods sold at San Pranclsco Prices.
Opposite Parker House, Astoria, Oregon.
No. 40 I2-Ply
SALMON TWINE !
CORK AND LEAD LINES,
A Full Stock Now on Hand.
HENRY DOYLE & CO.,
511 Haricot Street, San Franctaco-.
Sole Agents for the Taciflc Coast
A. V. Allen,
(SUCCE8S0R TO PAGE & ALLEN.)
Wholesale and retail dealer1 In
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
Q W. rULTOX,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Rooias S and c. Odd Fellows Building.
jg V. IIOL.DEM,.
AUCTIONEER, COMAIISSION AND IN
J"AX TUTTL.E, 21. I.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Offick Rooms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
ing. KraiDKxcK-Over J. E. Thomas' Drug
Q.ELO F. IARKJEIl.
ClatMOi County, and City of Astoria
Ofllce :-Chenamns street, Y. Jr. C. A. hall
J1 P. 1IICKS,
ASTORIA, - - - OREGON
IJooms In Allen's building up stairs, comer
f Cass and Sqemocqhe stret .
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
ChenamusSHreet, ASTORIA, OREGON
J T. JOXES,
Ship and Steamboat Joiner.
JJK. .1. E. XaFOItCJE,
Room ll. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
Q J. CURTIS,
ATT'ST AT LAW.
Notary Public, Commissioner of Deeds for
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. EOOII1S 3 .Itlfl . I Drill TTolIvu-a TCitlt.Tlntr Jo.
toria. Oregon. '
A. H.-Claims at Washington. D. C, and
collect loas a specialty.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part oi Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAB,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
l'renatd tickets to or from nnv Kiirnnp.in
For full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
BOZORTH & JOHNS.
Real Estate and General Insurance
ASTORIA, - Oregon.
WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST
om Stnto Invactniont- TTimhuw
men and North German Fire Insurance Com
panies, and represent the Travellers' Life
and Accident of Hartford, and the New
orkLife.of N. Y.
We have tho only complete set of township
maps In the county, and nave made arrange
ments to receive applications, filings, and
flnnl nrnnfa nn iTnniAQtoorta PrAamntlAna
TImhpr Iinila ff h-jvlntr oil tVi r.eniii
blanks therefor. Our maps can be exam-
uieci in me omce, upon tne payment of a
Wc also have for sale city property in As
toria and additions, and farms and tide land
Rfnt! nnil nthnr pnllnoHnna rr..ir1.- nnrl
BOZORTH & JOHNS,
GRAND CLEARANCE SALE!
to make room for more
Hariware aid SMj Chandlery
A. VAN DUSEH & GO.
Will sell at cost their entire stock of
HATS AND CAPS
BOOTS "AHD SHOES.
These goods must be disnosed of as we are
soon to receive another large lot of
Hardware and Ship Chandlery
And must have room to store it.
WE HAVE THE AGENCY FOR ASTO
tta of the above safes ; parties deslrlner
to purchase will do well to call and examine