THURSDAY NOVEMBER . 18S3
A Signal Code Tor the Coast.
The chief signal officer of the
army recently issued a code of sig
nals which Trill be found useful to
navigators along our const where
signal and life-saving stations are
located. It is termed "Official
Danger, Distress and Storm-signal
Code, for Signal Servicej Sea
Coast Stations and Mariners." The
book comprises seventy-five pages,
of which about two-tbirds are
taken up with an abridgement of
the international code of flag sig
nals, such phrases having been left
out as appeared to the compiler as
of no use to the "Weather bureau.
But instead of the full signals the
mariner is treated to a new fangled
system of signals which nobody
can readily understand. The book
is also made to "boom" a system
of telegraphic night signals, which
has been so vigorously pushed by
the widow and son of the inventor
that as a rule shipping people gen
erally scatter on hearing the name
mentioned without waiting for the
compound light being shown.
The life-saving service has not
joined entirely with the signal ser
vice in the introduction of this new
svstem for the coast. Masters of
vessels will therefore take, warning,
should they be so unfortunate as to
nave tneir vessels go asuore near
the life-saving stations, to look for
their signals in the front of the
bookand not in the back pages.
A red light has always been uu
derstood by mariners as a warning
of danger. Hundred of vessels
are yearly warned off our coast by
our life-saving men who patrol
their lonely beats full' equipped
with red lights and rockets. Yet
the inventor of this new sj'stem of
signals rather stupidly starts out
in the new code with the display
ot a red lantern as an opening
signal to attract attention and be
gin conversation. This fact alone
without going any deeper into the
sj'stem condemns the whole. Every
seafaring lijan should he see such a
light wourU get away from it as
far and fast as possible. It is not
strange that the life-saving people
would have nothing to do with a
system which changes a signal
recognized by every nationality as
meaning danger ahead, without
having the change generally adopt
ed. The red signal is impractical
for the use the signal service
has intended it in this system for
it must even be confounded in
the signal service itself with the
danger light for storms which is
now pretty well known by navi
gators on the American coast.
A noteworthy retirement has
just taken place in the regular
army. It was reported some
weeks ago to the war department
from the Mount Vernon barracks
in Alabama that there was a vener
able mule at that point which had
faithfully served his country from
almost time immemorial. Accord
ing to General Sherman, tradition
says that it was at Big Spring,
now Mount Vernon, when An
drew Jackson encamped there
with his army in 1S19. Then it
was a beautiful sorrel, but to-day
it is like Mary's lamb, as
white as snow. There is no
doubt that it helped carry a
gun or an ambulance in the Mexi
can war, for it was left at Key
West in 1848 by a part of the vic
torious army on its way from the
halls of the Montezumas. Re
cently the old veteran was ordered
to be sold by the heartless quarter
master's department, but some hu
mane army officers interested
themselves in the fate of old uMex
ique," and Secretary Lincoln has
indorsed on his papers, "Let this
mule be kept and well cared for as
long as he lives." "With this dear,
good old white mule kicking up
his heels on the pension rolls, who
shall say the republic is ungrate
. The news from the November
states makes the presidential ques
tton more interesting. It shelves
Butler, upsets Tilden, brings
Blaine to the front, and stiffens
the Republican spine for tho com
ing conflict. Thirty thousand Re
publican majority in the Empire
state, which at the last state elec
tion elected a Democratic sov
ernor by 193,000 majority, shows
that men who think and vote are
not so easily led by clap-trap and-
Effects of the Repeal.
There appears to be a general
misunderstanding of the effect of
tho repeal of the Civil Rights act.
This act, of which Charles Sum
ner was the reputed author, was
passed by congress to carry into
effect the thirteenth and fourteenth
amendments to the constitution.
It was passed just as the lately
emancipated slaves were merging
into the light of freedom, and with
a view to preventing those unjust
discriminations against the colored
people, which were the natural
fruits of chattel slavery.
The thirteenth amendment ap
plies exclusively to the condition
of slavery. It was passed to abol
ish slavery. It required no special
act of congressto make it effec
tive. It was, in and of itself, all
potent to effect that desired result.
Hence the repeal of the civil rights
act can in no matter affect that in
stitution. It is dead and buried,
and cannot be resurrected.
The fourteenth amendment pro
vided that no state shall pass any
law which shall "abridge the priv
ileges or immunities of citizens of
the United States." The construc
tion put upon the amendment by
the supreme court is that it is pro
hibitory od thestates,andnota new
grant of powers to the general
government. In other words, the
passage of a law by Congress to
maintain the "privileges and im
munities of citizens of the United
States," as guaranteed by said
amendment, is a work of superero
gation and not within its province
Any violation of the provisions of
that amendment by any state
would render the offending part
liable in an action for damages to
the citizen or citizens aggrieved,
and such action would receive the
prompt approval of the Supreme
With this view ot the case it
cannot be said that civil rights
have been struck down by the re
peal of the Civil Rights Act of
Congress. If the right to ride, on
equal footing with whites, in pub
lic conveyances, or to enjoy the
same privileges to attend public
places of amusement, or to eat at
restaurants, or to live at hotels, is
a "privilege and immunity" of cit
izens of the United States, then
no state can pass any law to
abridge that privilege. Neither
would it be wise for the proprie-'
tors of any such places, or of pub
lic conveyances, to attempt to
draw the "color line," under tho
apprehension that the repeal of
the Civil Rights Act gives them
the right to do so. The fourteenth
amendment, upon which the act
was pased, still remains intact and
in full force. The Supreme court
will hardly presume to repeal that.
Speaking of the Northern Pa
cific junketing tour, the World
says: "it is not very relishable
dessert for those who enjoyed the
magnificent hospitalities of the
road to know that the delicacies
they ate and the choice wines they
drank must be paid by deductions
from the wages of the poor em
ployes of the company, and by
throwing men out of work."
A cable dispatch from Turin
reports that Kossuth is dying. The
Hungarian patriot has passed his
81st year, and has been breaking
aown physically lor some time.
He lived for over twenty years in
the strictest privacy, devotincr him
self chiefly to scientific studies.
Jlis physicians say that his death
may occur at any moment.
TnE defeat of Butler in Massa
chusetts is not a Republican vic
tory; it is a most gratifying result.
It is the defeat of what Butler
represents, and is emphatic enough
to be a rebuke as well as a defeat.
The defeat of Mahone in Vir
ginia is no less satisfactory to all
who dislike bossism as well as the
tricks of the demagogue.
S. J. Tilden has telegraphed his
condolences to Beu Butler. S. J.
says he will not, cannot and shall
not run for president in 1884.
ImXm Mod Sale.
Pilot Schooner 'J. C. Cousins."
Friday, Nov. 9, 10:30 A. M.
For account of whom it may concent.
I will sell at Public Auction, for cash, to
the highest bidders, at the
Stero of Messrw, i'oard & StolccH,
Sails, KIsclBfiT, RleckH, Tackle, and
uraitHre, recoverea irom me wrecu 01
X'lletscnenaer J. m. i;gusihs."
See uasters. E. C. HOLDEN.
NOTICE IS HEEEBY GIVEN THAT A.
J. Herzog is no longer In my employ
and therefore unauthorized to receipt or
collect for me. W10.LOEB.
ipeoial Auction Sals
Valuable Real Estate and Water
Frontage. Steam Engine and
Machinery, Lumber, Etc.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10;
At IO:ttO a. .t:.
Instructed bv the Ast-M-fa Box ami Lum
ber Manufactiirinj; Co., I will sell at jMiblic
auction, on the premise.. Lots j and 6 ami
the east 50 f-el of J.ot 7, Ailalr's Astoria, be
ing 200 feet unbroken frontage o said IJIock,
together with dl th- vter franehuse be
longing to same. AWk tho llxU Hmlzottlal
Steam hnirine, Ifcriiers, linnets, 1) nkcy.
Iuin.nnii machinery of the sawmill and
box lactory, as damaged by fire.
Also, 14.0C0 feet good box lumber and lot of
Terms Cah. E. C. HOLD EN,
For further particulars se posters.
Finest Cited up Bill!ard?atid Sample Kooms
In the City.
Everything first-class throughout.
At the entrance to the 0. K.&N. Dock.
Xa- X- Jo"hsozi,
Has re-opened his
CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE.
On the Roadway, near his old locat Ion. He
will keep tiie stock of the choicest Cigars,
and Tobaccos, and a full line of smokers' ar
ticles, including the finest meerscliaum
pipes. He will be pleased to see his old
friends at his new stand.
Wilson & Fisher,
Iron. Steel, Coal, Anchors, Chains,
TAR, PITCH, OAKUM,
NAMQ AMR QPItfFQ
Shelf Hardware, Paints and Oils
Fi.oust ash aiiEi. fi:ki.
Agents for Salem Flouring Mills,
and Capital Flour.
All sizes, at Portland Trices, in Stock.
Corner Chonatnus and Hamilton Streets
FOARD & STOKES.
A FULL LINE OK
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
In Hume's New Building
MAGJfUS 0. CROSBY
HARBIAEE, IRON, STEEL,
Iron Pipe and Fittings,
PLUMBERS AND STEAM FITTER?
Goods and Tools,
SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD
SHEET IRON TIH AND COPPER,
Caanery anfl Flsiermens Supplies
Stoves, Tin Wa?e and House
JOBBING IN SHEET IRON, TIN, COP
PER PLUMBING and STEAM FITTINC
Done with neatness and dispatch.
None but JJrst class workmen employed.
A largo assortment of
Constantly on hand
FOR LIVERPOOL DIRECT-
The splendid Al British Iron
"Will be shortly on the berth for SALMON
In lots to suit shinners. Forlrcizht and in
surance apply to y
Messrs. BALFOUJt, G CTIIRIE & Co.,
Or to I. L. CHERItY, Astoria. rrtland
A FARM TO LET.
OF 103 ACRES. OX YOUNG'S BAY. AND
adjoining tills city, on which is a house,
good spring, and about thirty acres cleared
smooth, suitable for gardening, clalrvlnir or
poultry raising. j. TAYLOR.
Notice- of Dissolution.
TTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT TnE
JJt partnership heretofore existing between
Rudolph Barth and .Michael Meyers lias been
this day dissolved by mutual consent. Mr.
Barth will continue the business in his own
name and on his own account and will pay
ail debts and collect all accounts and notes
uue uie uniu f
JiUUUL.ru ISA Kill.
, MICHAEL MEYER.
Astoria, Nov. I'd, 18S3. d-KXK
Delinquent City Taxes.
ATOTrCE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT T.
i-1 the undersigned, Cliief of Police, liave
been furnished with a warrant from the
City Council requiring me to collect the tax
es assessed for the year 1ES3, and now delin
quent upon the list and make return of the
same within sixty days. All parties so In
debted will therefore please take notice and
govern themselves accordingly.
a W, LOUGHERY,
. , Chief of Police.
Astoria, Oregon, October 25th, 1SS3.
epic n is n x
ho new iur&
lias 0Nsl to the pubiir a full line of
Toys, Velocipedes, Roller Skates, Jewelry,
Silver and Plated Ware,
Baby Carriages.. Bird Cages. Japanese Goads. Acssrdeons. Violins,
Sheet Music. Stationery. Cutlery. Notions, and other
Novelties too numerous to mention.
'Onlvone mice for all" Is our wathwml. and wo sre witlinr tn "stand or fall' bv
Our Record. "Honesty Is the best policy."
Owing to our large Ineresw of business we have had t tKieti in mok commodious
quarters. We invite the public to give its h call ami tnit swttefy tfeeimetaN that nothing
is misrepresented, as wo take great pleasure in showing mir goods.
V'e make a spe My of
Baby Carriages, Acccrdeons.
And all kinds of Reading flatter.
A complete line of IIOMPAY iOCS unaurpaaeed anywhere will be opened
snoniy. uur prices ueiy companion, van
nun U n BlUfyiH ViUlU i
Main Street, -
The Favorite Astoria Suburb. Eligible Site for Homes. Little or no
Grading ior Lots or Expenses on Street Improvements.
Plenty of Wood and Good Water.
If you want to make monevv.liilrtyouare asleep, seize this opportunity to INVEST
IX AI.DERRROOK PROPERTY, and double your money next swimr.
This is no fiction for it is well knewu that
navo since oeeu soiu lorinrce nines uic amount nicy wourht men. au in new ci me
extensive milling operations contemplated to be erected at an early' day in Aldetbrook
similar results are sure 10 itwo-.v a jihu:-ious investment 01 a tew Hunureu now.
Instructed by Jlessrs. Dozorth Johns, on
Wednesday, November 14th, at !:30 P. HI.
At my Auction IZoonis.
I will sell at Public Auction, to the highest bidders, 50 eligible lots in the town of Alder
brook. TERMS : One half cash, balance in easy payments to suit pnrcluisers. Title perfet.
IS. C. HOnorX. Auctioneer.
Fine Goods - Eednee
Ladies desirous of procuring Goods
uneojialed in Style and Pinisli "will
take pleasure in examining our
KS, SATIMS and BESSS GOODS.
GENTS' EUStllSHlTTG BEPAETMENT,
Everything is Complete
and of the "best.
FURNITURE Ss BEDDING
AND DEALER 111
Carpets, Oil Oloth,
Window Shades, Lace Curtains, Picture Frames ami Moulding
"WINDOW CORNICES AND CURTAIN POLES
Complete in every branch.
T 0 CANNEEYSIEF ! i
I "WILL MAKE UOXES XEXT SEASON
in any amount required, and euaiantec
to have them satisfactory in every respect.
Mrnrlmfn, clmnl-o it-Ill lin It .....tc .
nailed boxes i" cents. Anyone wishing to
make a contract for cases can confer with
Proprietor "West Shore Mills.
THE LATEST STYLES
B. B. FRANKLIN'S,
XEXTDOORTO ASTORIAX OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to solect.
"NYindow curtains made to order.
E"My patent Trimmer to cut WaU Paper
will do lound convenient to my patrons.
li ft i i
k e v c -
and wr pat ar.'tons iv n guarantee for our
ami o eutivineeti. .
I. X. L. Store,
at Aiinfinn 1
AHerbrook lots sold at auction last y oar
Wall Paper, Mirrors.
iHarta P'M Ship Glianrllery
A. VAN OUSEH & GO.,
UfsffjvarQ 3Ild ShlD Ch3iid!prV
--aiU-'cl- "J uauCiy,
Pure Oil, Bright Varnish,
Binnacle Oil, Cotton Canvas,
Hemp Sail Twine,'
Cotton Sail Twine,
Vrought Iron Spikes,
. Galvanized Cut Nails.
Paints and Oils, Groceries, etc,
, EBAKK L,
TEi: apply to il-.- Captain, or to E. P. Parks
e ri2 za t?
HAVE JUST I2ECEIVE3 A STOCIi OP BOOKS.
The ymmg and old, rich and poor can all be accommodated.
Agents fGr tho Kranich & Bach and ftlandsfeldt & Notni Pianos and
Western Cottage Organs.
Ordurs for nil kinds of Music or Instruments will be promptly filled.
38. F. STETESS & CO.,
Citv Cook Store.
Have a Full Line of
THE NEW MODE
l1 t:-' CALL AXD EXAMINE ITYOTJ
WILL BE PLEASED. j
1 E. it. IIAWES is also agent for the
JIEiPKL Mil latent Mss Store
A. FDIiI, STOCK
Tv;o doors east of Occident Tlotel,
SUCXJES30R TO JACK
PLUMBING, GAS FITTING. AND CANNERY WORK
Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms.
CIIE?jA313S STHEET, P.'cxt to C Jj. Parltcr's Store.
lARTiN OLSEN &, CO.
rnTTTD "TTrpTT"n Tin
C U J7bJ.N 11U XXJli JOJliAJJy lit.
Vomer 3Iain and fcsuucinoqaa Streets. Astoria, Oregon.
WINDOW SHADES AND TRIMMINGS; WALL PAPER' ETC
A Complete Sfoclr.
PRICES AS CHEAP AS QUALITY WILL AFFORD.
Vest-Bighth Street Assessment.
NOTICE is hereby given that tho assessment made by Ordinance No. SCO of
the City of Astoria, Clatsop County, Oregon, and which Ordinance passed the
Common Council of said city on the lOtlr day of October, 1883, and was approved
on the llth day of October, 1SS3, for the proposed improvement of West-Eighth
street, in the City of Astoria, as laid out and recorded byJohnM.Shively, from the
south side of Water street to the south side of Cedar street in the manner pro
vided bv Ordinance No. T67 of the City of Astoria, and which Ordinance passed
the Common Council of said citv on the 23d day of October, 1883, and was
approved on the 24th day of October, 183, on eacli of the following described
lots fronting on said portion of said street, is now payable at the office of the City
Treasurer in U.S. gold coin, and unless paid within live days from the expir
ation of this notice, viz: Thursday, November 15, 1883, the Common Council will
issue warrants for the collection thereof. The assessment is as follows:
bisters of Charity
W W&GWTarker .
.las W Welch
3Irs S F Wood
John W Welch
D II Welch
Mrs 31 1 Jlerren
125 n liH
125 1 135
By order of the Common Council.
Astoria, October 2C, 1883.
& Vegetables v
Fimona f) fit nnU Wrfcfrr
or TOWING, FREIGHT orCIIAK-
RANGE CAX BE HAD IX AS
TORIA OKLY OF
And other first-class stoves.
Fnrcaco "Worlr, Steam Pit
InSs. etc., n. specialty.
ALWAYS ON EAND.
INS & MONTGOMERY.)
-Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Wan?-
A General Assortment of
Magee Stoves and Kanges
The Best in the market.
Pmmbiag goods of all kinds on hand. Job
work done In a workmanlike manner. '
-rr nn tta -ta nr. r--r
5 5; !;
c" p p p
a a. ? jr
: I f 5
z 5 ; z
T. S. JEWETT,
Auditor and Clsnrk,
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