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TOL. XX, XO.38.
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
HOW FORESTS CHANGE.
It is only in novel-writers call
"the depths of the primeval forest"
that a fair opportunity is afforded of
studying the mixed growth of our
woodlands, and of observing the
changes which take place as one
generation of forest trees succeeds
another. Such opportunities are
comparatively rare m the JLastern
States at present. Much of the most
valuable standing timber in New
England to-day is to be found upon
land that has one or more times
been cleared or cut off. It is there
fore generally of few varieties and
nearly uniform age. But if we pen
etrate a virgin forest beyond the
devastations of the woodman's ax
and the fire which follows his track,
we shall find it made up of trees in
every stage of growth and of even
variety indigenous to that section of
the country. Ave will hud hemlocks
and spruce centuries old, their
branches veiled with pendants of
gray moss, lowering high above the
hazel and moosewood. Rarely is
there the monotony of a single
growth. Evergreen trees mingle with
deciduous. Sunshine and shadow al
ternate. Now we are in a coinparn
tivelj' clear spot, where the leaves
overhead are only thick enough to
Heck the ground beneath with shad
ow; a moment later and hardly a ray
of light can penetrate the curtain
overhead. Alike on the dry, stony
ridges and on the soft, moist earth of
the valleys the growth is mixed.
Hemlock, spruce, pine, birch, wil
low, inaple, poplar, oak and many
other varieties are intermingled with
;i seeming irregularity that leads us
to wonder how all these varieties,
with so widely diverse requirements
as to soil and other conditions, can
flourish in so close proximity. Yet
all is easily explained ir we but
understand the unfailing care with
which nature provides for the wants
of all her children.
All through such forests we will
find at intervals the prostrate wrecks
of what were once monarchs of the
forest Sometimes they have abdi
cated their sway by reason of their
own weight and the decay of old age,
sometimes their lofty heads have
been laid low before the power of
the nihilist wind. The latter catas
trophe occurrs mosl'frequently where
a tliin layer two or three feet of
rich vegetable mould overlays a
course, loose gravel. The roots of
the trees which spring upon the rich
soil above are repelled by the cold
moisture of the gravel beneath and
spread out for some distance around
without striking deeply in. Then
comes a tremendons storm and the;
tall hemlock or pine is overthrown J
literally torn up by the roots, bring-:
ing with them several square rods of
dark, rich earth with which they
were covered. The gravelly subsoil
is thus left exposed, and there the
seeds of birch, willow and maple,
carried by the wind, bird, or squirrel,
will flourish. The dirt carried by
the roots will sink down as the tree
decays, into a knoll that will mark
the death of the monarch for ages,
and on it will spring up cherry, pop
lar and sumach. Thus side by side,
will be a marked variation in types.
Not only this, but where the tree fell
it swept down f-maller trees and mx
derbrush along with it, admitting
warmth and light to soil which the
sunbeams had not, perhaps, touched
for centuries. In this manner the
climate of that particular spot would
be as mucli altered as the soil, and
the final result might be an almost
complete alteration of the character
of the forest at that point. All this,
too, would bo accomplished by the
orderly working of natural laws.
Again, on sandy plains, where the
fire that destroyed the forest growth
at the same time consumed the vege
table mould that gave the soil its
fertility, it is curious to note nature's
method of recuperating from the in
jury. The first step toward re-establishing
a forest is made by the pitch
pine or similar trees which require
but little moisture. These send down
their long roots, ten, twenty or thirty
feet, through the loose, barren gravel,
to find and bring to the surfaco the
potash and other soluble salts that
are required. These elements arc
taken up by the tree for its own nu
trition, and then returned to the sur
face soil by the falling leaves. Thus
the earth is gradually enriched and
in the course of time becomes capa
ble of supporting beech, poplar and
oak again, and thus nature herself
repairs the damage that the ignor
ance or carelessness of man inflicts
On the other hand equal provision
is made for those trees winch do not
Jove the black loamy soil, but prosper
upon a poor and sandy home. Just cs
the surface of the plains are grad
ualh enriched b the elements
brought up from a depth; so is silici
ons sand from some distance below
deposited upon the surface of bogs
and swamps, and enables trees to
thrive there which could not other
wise find a home. Everyone who has
noticed- with care the cultivated
lands of New England, has observed
that where hemlock trees havo fallen
and decayed, the soil is exceptionally
poor so much so that often, after
several plowmgs the outhne of the
tree can be traced by the poorer
growth of the grass or grain, and the
sorrel and coreopsis, which abhor a
rertile sou, thrive there. If the de
caying wood be pulverised it will be
found gritty, and grains of sand can
be detected with the naked eye.
There are-crystals of silex taken up
in solution into the circulation of
the tree, and on its death
reverting to their crystaline
form. They are evident to workers
of wood because they dull the edge
or tneir tools. Jow just this silici
ous matter is what is wanted bv vari
ous deciduous trees, some of which
cannot live upon a wet. neattv soil.
Therefore, if a liemlock, spruce, or
pine be uprooted from such a soil, its
very trunk decaying will supply a
foothold for hazel, willow and yellow
and white birch. As these grow in
strength they will send down roots
inside the bark of the fast decaying
evergreen; which, piercing the damp
xnosid will lay firm hold upon the
mdy sub-soil. Finally, the trunk of
the fallen tree will waste onlirely
away, and the observer will find the
birches growing on soil so wet and
rich that they could never have taken
root there but for the death of the
tree that gave them birth.- -Lumber
NEWS OF THE SOUTHWEST.
Judge Siott, of Portland, will re
sign his olhce January lsl.
33. A. Scaborg put up G000 cases of
salmon at his (3 ray's Jiarlwr cannery
Citptiiin Mitchell will soon engage
in shipbuilding at some point on
The contract for building and
planking the extension to the lhvaco
wharf has been let to l'angles and
Iiast week the Northern Pacific
Company sold $8,000 worth of town
lots at the new railroad city, Drnm
lnond, M. T.
"When a freshet comes on the Na
sel, many thousand logs that have
been cut during the season will be
run down the river, finding their way
Capt. George AVhilconlb recently
ran the South Jietid from the head
of the bav to South Uend, a distance
of forty miles, in three hours, and
challenges any steamer on the bay to
A remonstrance h;is been drawn
up and numerously signed in Pacific
county, against moving the United
States court from Kalama to Van
couver, and will be forwarded to the
. In attempting to raise the wrecked
steamer Mississippi at Seattle, it was
discovered that she could never be
made seaworthy again, so she will
be raised in pieces and the iron used
for other purposes.
The new bar tug Hunter arrived
at South Bend on the 5th, after an
eleven days passage from San Fran
cisco, including stoppages at several
way ports and two stoppages at sea to
make slight repairs to machinery.
Old residents on llogue river in
form the Tidiuus that the railroad
track now being graded along the
river is several feci below high water
mark, and thai, the freshets will be
sure to greatly damage the road bed.
E. Lorrance, who has been in the
employ of the Northern Pacific sur
vey for the last two months in "Wash
ington Territory, gathering geological
specimens and fossils, has about com
pleted his work and is preparing
them for shipment They will be
sent to Newport It L, to undergo a
geological examination this winter.
The "Witchery of Leve.
And do you know that it is a splen
did thing that the woman you really
love will never grow old" to you"?
Though the wrinkles of time, through
the march of years, it yon really love
her, you will always sec the face vou
have loved and won. And a woman
who really loves a man does not see
that he grows old; he is not decrepit
to her; he does not tremble: ho is not
old: ho seems to be the same gallant
gentleman who won her heart and
hand. I like to think that love is
eternal, and to lovo in that way, and
then go down the lull of life together.
and as you go down nerliar hear the
laughter of grandchildren, while the
birds or joy and Jove sing once more
in the leafless branches of the troe of
age. If ob Inytrsoll.
The Ihiy Orstwr.
Chief Walking related in answer to
inquries concerning his trip to Texas
tne hoy had been creating quite si
sensation in that stale. At one little
town he had delivered a series of
lectures on Oregon- netting for the
church m whose behalf he had labor
ed, the snug little sum of one thous
and dollars. "When the chief told his
mission, the people seemed incredul
ous and could hardly believe that
their brilliant orator was a funrmve
from justice. It seems to us equally
incredulous that one so favored by
nature should prove so unworthy the
confidence his genius won for him.
A Home-Made Fountain IVn.
Take two ordinary slvl iwns nf f lip
same pattern and insert them in the
common holder. The inner pen will
be the writing pen. Between this and
uie outer pen will be held a supply of
ink, when they arc once dipped
into the inlcstand, that will
last to write several pages of manu
script It is not necessary that the
points of the two pens should be very
near together, but it the Jlow of ink
is not rapid enough the points may be
brought nearer by a bit of thread "ora
minute rubber band.
SOVtlXU AM) ItSAPINC.
A wonderful thing is seed;
The one thin" doatbless forever
Forever old and forever new,
Utterly faithful and utterly new
Fickle and faithless never.
Plant lilies and lilies will bloom:
Plant roses and roses will grow;
Plant hate and hate to life will spring,
Plant love and lovo to vou will bring
The fruit of the seed yon now.
Kotice to the Thirties.
Switches made from combings or cut
hair; new switches made to order from
the best imported hnir, in any shade de
sired. Old switches repaired. All
work warranted. Hates reasonable
Call or address
UnXEXIIAHT & ScHoxir
Occident hair dressing saloon, Astoria,
The Peruvian syrup nas cured thou
sands who were suffering from dyspep
sia, debility, liver complaint, boils, hu
mors, female complaints, etc Pamph
lets free to any address. Seta W. Fowl t
A Nasal Injector free with each
bottle of Shilolr's Catarrh Itemedy
Price 50 cents. old by W. E. Dement
Brace up the whole system with King
of the Bloods See Advertisement
Sr. lis a,
This iovder never varies. A marvel o
purity. strength and whalesomencs. Jlore
economical than the ordinary kinds, and
cannol be sold In competition with the mul
titude of low test Miort weight, alum or
phosphate powders. Sohltnilii in can. Kov
Aij IJakino Powoku Co.. 1 Wall-st. X. Y.
Wilson & Fisher,
Iron, Steel, Coal, Anchors, Chains,
TAR, PITCH, OAKUM,
NAILS AND SPIKES,
Shelf Hardvare, Paints and Oils
FJ.OUIt AXD IH5XT. FEEI.
Agents for Salem Flouring Mills,
and Capital Flour.
All sizes, at Portland Trices, In Stock.
Oorner Chenamus and Hamilton Streets
LOEB & 00.
AGENTS FOlt THE
Eest San Francisco Houses and
Tumblers Decanters, and All
Kinds cf Saloon Supplies.
i2P""AJJ goods sold at San Francisco 1'riees.
Opjx)ilte Parker ITouse. Astoria, Oregon.
King of the Blood
Is not a "cure all," it i: a blood-purifier and
tonic. Impurity of the blood jKibous tliesys
tem, deranges the circulation, and thus 1u
duccs many disorders, known by diderctit
names to distinguish them j-.ccoruin to ef
fects, but beins really brandies or phases of
that great generic disorder. Impurity oi
ItloosL Such are Dsigpejtuia, lilllimtmaif,
Liver Comjtlalnt, Contllpatlim, JYerwu Db
artlcnt. Headache, Backache, General Weak
ness. Heart Disease, Dropsy. Kidney Dicac,
Pila, Iihcvmattem, Catarrh, Scrofula, Skin
Dixurdem, Pimple. Ulcer. Sicclling, Sc..
Sc. ILInir oi the itlooil prevents and
cures these by attacking the caiue. Impurity
of the blood. ChcmlsLsnnd physicians auree
in caning it "the mast genuine and efficient
preparation for the purpose." Sold by Drug
gists, SI per bottle. See testimonials, direc
tions, &.,iu pamphlet, "Treat Lse on Diseases
of th Blood." wrapped around each lwUIe.
D. ItANSOM. SOX & Co.. l'nips
Buffalo. N. Y.
Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes
Meerschaum and Brier Pipes,
GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY
Revolvers and Cartridges.
Leinenweber & Co.,
C X.KIXKN W EBEU. ,1 . BROW
TIMERS kM COMES,
tManufacturers and Importers of
LL KINDS OF
Wholesale Dealers In
OIL AND TALLOW.
twllighest cash price paid for Hides and
Xj. X. JoTi son,
Has re-opened his
CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE,
On the Eoadwav. near Ids old location. He
will keep the stock of the choicest Cigars,
and Tobaccos, and a full line of smokerv ar
ticles. Including the finest meerschaum
pipes. Hetrill bo pleased to see his old
menus at his new stana.
A. V. Allen,!
Wholesale and lteiEti Dealer in
Glass and P&iso Ware.
TltOPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGEfAHLfS
SMALL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
SPREADS AND STOOLS
Piano, and Organ Instructors.
STEGK & KNABE PIANOS !
"President of United States'-"
"Governor of Oregon'
And other prominent persons. I'ianos and
Organs of many leraline makes,
wholesale and ictali,
CELEBRATED TABER ORGANS.
Largest House on This Coast.
Instruments of All Kinds Tuned
165 First St., Portland, Oregon.
S. ARNBT & FEROilEN,
ASTORIA. - OKEGO?:.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
BLACKSMITH .5 "
Boiler Shop -f'
All kinds of
Promptly atteuded to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE ST BRET.
I. W. CASE,
I11P0RTEB AND WHOLKSALX AND BK
TAIL DSALKIc IN
onser Chenamus and O.ss stm-lf.
Astoria Oil Works.
J. IT. DKFOBGE. Proprietor, V. . Box 2TI.
liluuufariurer and Ie)tir i.i
FISH OIL and SKID GREASE.
Loggers will P.nd my Skid Grease to Ik
good and cheap.
Wilmerding & Co., San Francisco.
Loeb & Co., Agents, Astoria.
IX LOTS TO SUIT. FB0M 5 ACRE TO
40 acre tract in S. W. corner of Chas.
Stevens D.C. Title perfect. For particu
lars inqiure ai oiuce ox ji. u. xiaymonu. Ultv
Hall ; or on the premises of O. D. Young.
Astoria, Nov. sd, 1SS3.
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Nimhr No. o, over "White House,
Attorney at Law, and STotary
Odd Feliows Building, Astoria, Oregon,
:. vr. koltox. 6. c. fultox.
ATTORNEYS AT LAV.
Booms 5 and C. Odd Fellows Building.
ATTUBNEY AT LAW,
Chomtmus trect, - - ASTOBIA, OREGON
Attorijoj- at La;r,
Boom , Wnlic Howe.
ATT'V AT LAW.
Notary Public. Commissioner of Deeds for
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Booms 3 and -1. Odd Follows Building, As
N.B -Claims at Washington. D. C, and
collections a specialty.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
AUOTlONKfcK, COHMISSIOH AND IN
1 ?:!. J- lAK2KIi.
C'luit:ip Couiity.aiid City of Astoria
OMlcc : -Chcaamus street, Y. M. C. A. Itall
Room No. S.
JQR. X. C. i OAT3IAX,
Phssician and Surgeon.
Roams o ami w, (xh Fellows Building,
PUYSICIAK AJND SURGEON
Owii'K Rooms 1 , 2, and S. Pythian Buihl-
Bkminknch Oyer J. E. Tiiomas' Drug
v. mem?. .
AI-noatA, - - - OREGON
Uonms 5a Allen's lwl Idlnfc Bp stairs, comer
of Ga&!j and StCiu)ilie stret .
f H. .r. K. JLaFttltUE,
I5omi li. O.Id Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
G.-k atminis!ered for iminlcss extraction
Graduate of Heidelberg University.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills cf Exchange or. any
Pari oi Europe.
"? AV. AGENT FOB TIK FOLLOWING
X wel. known aud uommodions steauuihio
STATE LINE, BED STAB.
TV KITS STAR.
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Proimkl tickt ts lo'o: from any European
Kor tun iiiiormauon as 10 rates or tare,
-jthi uyi, etc, apply to
avjn. V. WHXKLKi:.
WHSELEB t& EOBB.
M Estate S insurance Apnis.
We hitve very deairahle nroDcrtv in As
toria and Upper Astoria for sale. Also. Hue
farms throughout the county.
Accounts eareiuuy aujustcu ant collec
We represent the
Iloyn!. rVoiT. lcli Union and Xi.inca.
Hhixe Insnrsuce Co's.,
Wiihaeombiiietl capital of 830,000,000.
Traveler I.if nnd Accident Insur
ance . oi iiaitioni. anutue Jian
imt a:i l.fe Inwuranrc Co.,
of New York.
We are aeents for the Dailu and Weckht
?rorlhtc8l A'cuw, and the Oregon Yidclte.
All business entrusted to our care will re
ceive prompt attention.
C. H. BAIN & GO.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Vork.
A specialty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber ; Ore
con and Port Orford Cedar.
All kinds of bait material on hand.
C. II. HATS & CO.
Lead tat lever Follow
Is herewith declared. From and after the 1st o November all News
papers and Periodicals will be sold at the following prices:
5 Cents Each.
Fireside Companion, N. Y. Weekly Ledger, Saturday Night,
Arm Chair, Family Story Paper, Boys of New York, Weeks Doings,
Texas Siftings, S. F. Chronicle, Call, Oregonian, News and Astorian,
8 Cls., 3 for 25 Cts.. !3 for $1.00. -
Police Gazette, Police News,. Illustrated Times, Puck, Waspi and
Judge, Harper's Bazaar and Weekly, Leslie's Weekly and Chimney
Corner, Argonaut, and many others.
I have printed tickets for those papers to make exact change.
Back numbers always on hand.
O K jPor "f CI Leslie's Popular Monthly,
QzJ IJOAikS. Young Ladies Journal, etc.
SO 82lt8. Harper's Monthly, etc.
Having made arrangements with all publishers I am enabled to
give the public a benefit of the above named reductions 1 have also
REDUCED the price for Subscriptions, which will be as follows:
Harper's Weekly, per year $3.75 not $ 00
" Bazaar l- 3.75 " 4.00
" Monthly t: 3.50 " 4.00
All three for ... 10.00 " 12.00
Leslie's Weekly, per year 3.75 " 4.00
Leslie's Chimney Corner, per vear 3.75 " 4.00
" Popular Monthly " 2.85 " 3.00
Fireside Companion 2.75 " 3.00
New York Ledger 2.75 " 3.00
Saturday Night 2.75 " 3.00
Family Story Paper 2.75 " 3.00
Arm Chair 2.75 " 3.00
S. F. Argon ant 3.75 " 4.00
Puck 4.50 " 5.00
And all others too numerous to mention at the same rates. Now is
your time to subscribe for the coming year. Remember Carl Adler's
Subscription News Depot.
Dry en.MacaHlay, Scott, Kchiller. Milton, Keats, Kirk, White. Goss. Thompson, Herbert,
Avion. Woodworth, Longfellow, Holmes. Itayard Taylor, Shelby, Kodgers, Barns, Cooper,
and many, manv more.
Kverv article of inv imw, line selected stock will he sold at prices that will .DEFY
Hooks, Stationer', and Notions in endless variety. A fine display of Gold and Silver
"Watches. Clocks and Jewelry, itodjrer Bros. Silverware, as Knives, Forks and Spoons,
Castors, Cups, Tea Sets, etc., etc, will be sold cheaper than anywhere else.
PLVNOS AND ORGANS of the best makers very JiOiv for Cash, or on Easy
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of every description. Sbeet Music and Music Instructors
of tho latest iniblicatlons. lto) new Music Books Just received from the East.
nn-flST'G f Tlie finest assortment of Toys, "Wagons. "Velocipedes, Baby Carriages,
JL s J.U I etc., etc., can only be found at Adler's well known Crystal Palace.
Enahlcd by many years of experience T succeeded in selecting a stock of goods which
will suit young and olo.
I mean to do a square, honest business, giving full value for every dime received.
Polite clerks will be found in attendance and no trouble to show goods.
J:S232K3:BI:R X IVIIiIj xot jjk U.VDKItSOL.I.
Th. Crystal Palace.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
RCCTOK STRECT, NKAIt PAI1KKR n.CSE,
ASTOKIA. - OREGON."
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAM antt MAMHE EN&DTES
Boiler Work, Steamboat Vork
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of all Iesci-iptions made to Order
at SUort STotlce.
A. D. "Wass, President.
J. (J.JIUSTLEB, Secretary,
I. W. Case, Treasurer.
HOLDS" THE FORT
line edition, formerly $1.50 at
iiemans, Tennyson, Mooa,
only 75 cents.
eeks in a Balloon,
Last Days of Pompeii.
iancy xaies, xne
Advances made on Consignments.
j - " : X . - r - rt