Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX, XO.5-2.
ASTORIA, OREGON, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1883.
PRICE, FIYE CENTS.
EARLY DAYS IN OREGON.
Policy r the Hudson liny Company.
The second volume ol the series of
American Comraou'vrealths is 'Ore
gon: the Struggle for Possession,"
by William Barrows. It is not a dry
and juiceless chronicle of events, as
too many of our Pacific coast histo
ries have been, but it is a remarkably
interesting sketch of the American
genius for colonizing and its success
in overcoming the formidable natural
obstacles on the Oregon trail and the
still greater obstruction placed in its
path by that jealous British mon
opoly, the Hudson Bay company. "We
have had some good mouograplis on
single episodes in Oregon history,
such, for example, as "Whitman's ride
and his murder by the Indians to
whom he had devoted his life, but it
remained for this author to give the
first clear and connected historv of a
struggle which had an important
bearing on the development of the
great northwest territory. After de
tailing the efforts in exploration on
this coast by Spain, France, Russia
and England, he devotes a chapter to
the remarkable features of the Hud
Bson ay company, a corporation
which played so conspicuous a part
in the subsequent history of Oregon.
He shows that it was formed prima
rily "for the discovery of a new pas
sage into the South Sea and for the
finding of some trade for furs, miner
als and other commodities." The first
purpose was mythical, as the company
in its long existence never made any
material contributions to geography.
The second was practical, and in a
Tew years the great region from. Hud
sou buy on the cast to Alaska on the
west was dotted with trading posts,
each presided over by one of the com
pany's agents. They carried their
trading expeditions as far down as the
southern part of California, and they
had many posts in what are now Ore
gon and Washington Territory. The
system of the company was to dis
courage marriage of employes to
European women and the result was
that the agents took native women
and reared a race of half-breeds.
There was no such thing sis settle
ment of the country on the loug line
of trading posts that stretched across
the continent The company was very
jealous of its commercial supremacy,
and the chief aim of its managers was
to preserve the country as a great
wildorness, since this meant no de
crease in the amount of valuable furs.
Any encroachment by American emi
grants was quickly resented, and to
discourage settlement after the Astor
experiment, the fiction of the great
American desert, winch was said to
cover the fairest portions of the west
ern prairies, was widely circulated.
The connection with the Old "World
then was not so close as it is with
Central Africa to-day. "The goods of
the company, packed aud shipped in
Fenchurcli street, leave London, and
at the end of the third year they are
delivered at Fort Confidence on Great
Bear lake, or at any other extreme
factory of the company, and at the end
of three years more the return furs go
up the Thames and into Fenchurcli
street again. So in cycles of six
years, from age to age, like a planet,
the shares in the Hudson Bay com
pany made their orbit and dividends."
Furs were the only object in life to
the servants of the company and the
same view prevailed at the main
office in London. In 1719 rich copper
discoveries were reported at the
mouth of a river in the Arctic, but
the company refused to send a vessel
up to verify the report, and when,
nearly thirty years after, an expedi
tion was really sent to the northward
of Churcbill. the company placed so
many impediments in its way that Sir
John Barrow said: "They not only
discouraged all attempts at norlhorn
discovery, but withheld what little in
formation came to their knowledge.'
They were consistent in this to the
end 'and every obstacle was thrown
by their agents in the path of "Whit
man and other pioneers to Oregon.
The struggle after the Revolution
was between this great fur monopoly
with its jealousy of all colonizing,
and the hunters and trappers who
were the advance guard of the great
emigrant army which m a few years
began to set its face toward the west
ern shore. The company held its
monopoly in the British possessions
until 1S70, when it merged in the
crown; its control of trade in lands
outside, oommonly called Indian
countries, which was granted in 1821,
came to an end in 1S5D. Of the fruits
of this gigantic monopoly, conducted
in the meanest and narrowest trade
interests, the author says:
Perhaps never in history has there
been a better illustration of the dan
ger and damage to the public of a
chartered monopoly. "When a cor-
Ioration becomes too powerful for a
government, the design or end of that
government is a failure. In this case
a private interest was enabled to shut
off from the crown the settlement and
commerce and profits of millions of
square miles. It shut off the king
dom of Great Britain from efficient
growth in North America. If the
possession of the Hudson Bay Com
pany had reverted to the crown at
tho end of a 159 years, it would have
been returned as received, a wilder
ness. To know in comparison what
might have been, one needs only to
cross the boundary lino and notice
the northern tier of states lying just
south of that line. The great Encr
lish mistake, therefore, was double.
It was a mistake in attempting to
take and hold Oregon by trapping as
against colonizing, and it was a mis
take to sacrifie so largely the English
interests in America to a corporate
Tho tide of emigration Tvas first
turned m the direction of Oreron bv
four Flathead Indians, who made
Iheir way across the continent to St
Louis, in 1832, in search of some one
wh would put the Bible into their
tongue. They failed to find -what
.they came for, but they gave such ac
counts of the wealth of the far-dist
ant land that the imagination of more
than one pioneer was iired with the
idea of founding a home in tho nn
settled territory. Their visit also led
to the dispatching of several clerev-
men to Oregon by the Methodist
Board of Missions. Among these
was Marcus Whitman, who, with the
Rev. H. H. Spalding.both taking their
young brides with them, made the
adventurous trip across the plains.
Whitman was the first man who car
ried a wagon over the Oregon trail
and demonstrated that the way was
op3ii for the families of emigrants.
The slory of his efforts to check
mate British plots to keep Oregon
among the possessions of the crown,
and of his long and perilous ride
across the country in the dead of
winter to carry news or Hie im
portance of making a fight for the
- i i -i r A- 11 i
ncn territory oi me mr .oriiivcM
all this is familiar to the
reader, for it is one of the most pic
turesque episolles of the history of
the coast; but the story in related
here with great fullness, and full just
ice is done to the efforts made by
Daniel Webster, then, seercJjjry of
shite, to save Oregon to the Union.
But W hitman did more than rouse
the patriotism of the secretary of
state, which led to the revision of
the treaty. He organized in the bor
der lands'of Kansas and Missouri a
train of 200 wagons, and the next
spring saw them headed for the West.
The doctor had convinced all doubt
ers that there was a good wagon trail
to Oregon and that no danger was
to be feared from the Indians along
the line. All the stories of peril and
hardship were manufactured by the
agents of the Hudson Bay Company
in order to discourage that immigra
tion of which they stood in so much
dread. So in 1S13 the first wagon
parly started the pioneer in the long
procession winch was soon to follow.
The only serious I trouble encount
ered was at Fort Hill, a Hudson Bay
Companv post about 100 miles north
of the site of Salt Lake City. The
agent tried to compel the emigrants
to leave behind their wagons and
farming tools, but the persistence of
the doctor conquered once more, and
without the promised escort from
Fremont the caravan reached the
Columbia in safely.
Four members of Lieut Ray's
meteorological party are stranded in
San Francisco through the blunder
ing mananemenl of the signal olhce.
These men were civilians who accom
panied the party to Point Barrow.
The government owed them for two
years' pay. amounting for the four to
$2,500. When the men were landed
in San 1' rancisco a few weeks ago
thev had no money, but expected to
be paid off there: but there was no
money for them. Gen. Hazen was
telegraphed to. He replied bluntly:
"Discharge the men; there is no
money to pay them.' As the men
were pennilessomc of the officers
gave them money enough to keep
them along for a while. The ques
tion is, where is the money that these
men have earned gone? It was ap
propriated uy congress. Gen. Hazen
knew that money would be needed to
pay the men when they came away
from Point Barrow, but it appears
that tho appropriation is used up,
and men who need their monev are
deprived of it by the careless man
agement that is so characteristic of
much that is done at the signal office.
Yes, there is no doubt about it-
the use of slang is greatly to be de
preciated. It is utterly -without war,
rant. If you speak plain English
people will catch on to your mean
ing- -beg pardon, will understand
you just as readily, and your chin-
music- that is to say, your conversa
tion--will be far more toney - beg
pardon again -elegant. It is now de
clared, by the way, that the phrase,
"It goes without saying' is slang;
therefore no self-respecting person
will use it hereafter, This goes with
out s There we go again! Slang is
horrid; but it is so convenient, es
pecially when you don't know how to
express your thoughts, or when you
have no thoughts to express.
The Oregon City Courier savs:
Eight miles above the mouth or the
Sandy river, where the river describes
a curve, may be found what is clear
ly the works of an ancient race.
Here, at intervals of fifty feet, and in
a straight line, are a series of shafts
or holes, each of which covers an
area of, say six by twenty feet, and
jndging from the embankments form
ed on the sides, must have been a
dozen feet in depth. That these ex
cavations existed prior to the great-
tornado which swept- over this valley
about 200 years ago and has left its
footprints everywhere, is evident.
In three weeks tune all the wheat iu
this couutry that is to be shipped at
present will have wended its way sea
ward, says the Walla Walla States-
man. A great deal is held for belter
prices by those who are not pressed
for money. Never before in the his
tory of this country has such speed
Lumbermen are preparing to go in
to the woods of Maine Xor- the winter.
On the Penobscot thev will get from
$20 to $30 per month and board. Tho
pay last year was from $18 to $23.
Within the past eighteen years they
have cut, on the Penobscot, 3,142,902,
124 feet of lumber, mostly spruce.
Holland, in the la t three centuries,
hag recoverd from tho sea at least
90,000 acres. The lake of Harlem be
came terra firma between 1810 and
1852, and tho Zuyder Zee is in pro
cess of transformation into 500,000
The bill for the consolidation of
the towns of Tacoma and New Ta
coma has become a law, and the town
of New Tacoma. has been done away
with as far as legal enactment can
Eastern Washington cattle buyers
are paying $12 for calves, $18 for
yearlings, $25 for two-year olds and
$40 for cows.
Church property to the amount of
SoOOO is exempt from taxation across
Every house of the liuman race,
ought to. have St. Jacobs ' Oil, the
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sciatica,
Lumbago, Backache, Headache, Toothache,
Sore Thront, Swelling. Sprn!n, IlroUe.
Ultra. Scald. Front llltc.
AND XIX OTUEIt BOD1LT PAULS ASD ACHES.
SM tj Dracrfrti nl I) film neryhm. Fifty Ctnti .
Iwtlle. Direction! In 11 Lascurri.
THE CHARLES A. VORELEK CO.
(SsxnuauA. VLMELLS&CO.) BilUmorr, 3i,CS. A.
Eing of the Blood
Is not a "cure all," It is :t blood-purifier ami
tonic Impurity of the blood oisous the sys
tem, deranges the circulation, and thus in
duces many disorders, known by different
names to distinguish them according to ef
fects, but being really branches or phases of
that great generic disorder. Impurity or
IHootl. Such are J)iijcpsitz, Wllioiutnci'x,
Liver Complaint, CoiiKtlpatinn.It'crrom Dl
finter. Headache, llachachc, General WeaU
jow. Heart Disease, Dropry. Kidney Dttcatc,
Pile, Wicumatixtn, Catarrh, Scmfula, Skin
Dinordctv, Pimple. Ulcer. SirclltHg, tc,
Sc. linr or the Itlootl prevents and
cures these by attaching the cuutc. Impurity
of the blood. Chemistsaud physicians agree
iu calling it "the most genuine' aud efficient
preparation for the purjMwe." Sold by Drng
gffcts, iI per lxttle. See testimonials, dircc
thMis, &c,iu pamphlet, Treatise on Diseases
ol tin I'.lwd." wrapiM'd around each bottle.
I). RANSOM. SOX & Co.. Props
Rutiaki. X. Y.
& ARNDT & PERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STKEET.
FOAI k STOKES.
A 1'TI.I. UNI! Ol
H ABB WARE
Fresh' Fruits and Vegetables.
Iu Hume's New DiiiM'tus
ASTORIA' LIQUOR STORE,
ltebuilt ami Kefltteil Throusliout
The Best of
WXXHS.IiKiUOItSt, AXI CIAKS
For a Good Cigar, call for one of
Corner "West flth and 'Water Streets, Astoiia
0, Tel! Me Where Is Fancy Bre(a)d !
"WHY, AT THE
Astoria Batej & ConfMooery
Xot onlv SUPERIOR BREAD AXD
CAKES AND PASTRY In great variety, but
THE LARGEST STOCK OF CANDIES
Yeddings and parties supplied with the
most elaborate ornamental work on the
shortest notice and on reasonable terms.
This Is the most complete establishment In
ED. JACKSON. Prop.
-THE THINGVALLA LINE.
Is the only
DIRECT LINE -
Between KEW YORK and SCANDINAVIA.
First class Steamers and good, usage.
Tickets Tor sale nt A. 31. JOIIXSO.VS,
Acent, Astoria, Oregon.
STATE AND COUNTY TAXES A RE NOW
.due and payable at my office.
A. M. TWOMBLY,
tf . Sheriff Clatsop Co.
Mrs. R. QJJINN,
GROGERliS AND PROVISIONS,
Crookry nnl Glassware.
new noons CONSTANTLY RECEIVED.
Northwest corner Squenioqua and .Main
Mrs T.W. Eaton. MKs Florence C'arnahati.
Caw Street, next door to Odd Fellows
OHAS, A. MAY
New Store, New Stock,
Toys, Fancy Ooods,
Tobacco and Cigars.
FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC
A FINE ASSORTMENT.
Sqnemoquastreet,next door to the Empire
Cull at MRS. E. A. HULL'S. A Choice selec-tion-ot
FANCY GOODS AND NOTIONS.
Pictures and Mottoes of all Descriptions.
Card Hoard, Sets, a Sheet.
Opposite the Astoria Candy Factor-.
IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC
THE BEST BRANDS OF TOBACCO.
N3IOKUHS' A I STIC litlS.
Cor. Sqnemoqua and Olney Streets, Astoria.
No. I. First St., - - Portland. Oregon.
Clothing made at reasonable prices,
ami satisfaction guaranteed.
The Gem Saloon.
The Popular Resort for Astorians.
Finest of Wines and Liquors
Co to the GEM SALOON.
A LEX. CAMPBELL, - PROPRIETOR.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
BKTO- STKKKT, NKAK 1'AIIKKK HOL'SE,
ASTORIA. - ORECON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
BoilerWork. Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. OCall Di'HcrintlonH made to Order
at Short Xot Ice.
A. t. AVass, President.
.1. G-. Hustlkk, Secretary,
I. W. Cask, Treasurer,
C. H. BAIN & CO.
Doors. Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A specialty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, aid Walnut lumber : Ore
Kon and Port Orford Cedar.
All kinds of boat material on hand.
C. II.BAIX fc CO.
I. "W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
GENERAL " MECHANISE
forcer Chenamus and Casa streets.
3as and Steam Fitting
DONE BY RUDDOCK & WHEELER. AT
fair rates. Also a complete stock of
goods in oar line, list 1 males given ul
Cass street. In rear of I O O F building,
uexi 10 uas i s omce.
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
H, B. PAKKF.R. Prop..
ASTORIA, - - OREGON.
E. P. PARKER. - Manager and Agent.
Al. CROSBY. - - Day Clerk-
Phil. BOWERS, - - Night Clerk.
.las. DUFFY.has the Bar and Billiard room.
First 'Classen vall. Eespectsj
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE.
IT IS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
- Concomly Street is .the Best in
He has Always on Hand FRESH
Shoul "Water Bay and East
ICCC" IC TUC JtnQC OATCDCR
1 IW I lib UWWW 1 lallblll
He bail brca Proprietor of the "AHrers
Hotel" la Kaapptea aevea years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
A Good Gup of Coffee
AND OYSTERS. v
MRS. POWELL HAS OPENED AN OYS
ter stand and Coffee House on Main
street liext to the Oregon Bakery.
Every attention paid to patrons.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
Meals 25 centg aad Hpwarda.
G. BOULARD, -
31X1S STKEET. - -
XEW .AXD IVEIiIi EQU1PFKI
L. Serni lias rebuilt bis establishment and
Ls prepared to accommodate the traveling
A cood meal furnished at any hour of the
day or night.
i ne nnes i Liquors ana cigars at tne oar.
Two doors west of Die Foster's.
u2S-m LUIGI SEERA.
EDWAED YOUNG .
Announces to the public that he has located
In the rooms formerly occupied by the City
Book Store, where he will keep a
Restaurant and Chop louse
Furnishing meals to order at all hours.
His patrons will find the - tables supplied
with ten or twelve of the best newspapers.
His reputation as former proprietor of the
New Eugland Restaurant Is a sufficient
recommendation for his new house.
Boarding and Lodging House.
Chas. Wallman has opened a boarding and
lodgiug house south of O'Brien's hotel, near
the pus works.
The table Is supplied with the best the
market affords : good food and clean teds
will be furnished at the regular prices.
Rive me a call and satisfy yourselves,
H. B. PARKER
D KALES IX
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wood Delivered te Order,
Drayingt Teaming and ExprestBusiness.
Horses ana Carriage fer'Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS ANflt CICARS.
J. H. D. GKKAY,
Wholesale and retail dealer in.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc
LIME, SAND, AND CEMENT.'
Generalstorage and Wharfage on reason
able terms. Foot of Benton street. Astoria
RE&BLAR STEAM PACKET
"Daisys -arid: Barge.
Will leave Astorla, fr6m Gray's Dock,
Vir ninev. and Head of Younzs Elver.
Dallv.atSA. m., (except Wednesdays and
Keturnlng same day.
For Landings on Lewis & Clark's Elver,
On lTcdHeadaya, at 8 A. M.,
Beturnlng same day
jWFor EreIght,r Passage; pply. on board
or at urays docjc, wnera rreiKai-wm ue r
celved and tod,ifiMceiry.
Oregon Railway &Navigatior
Durlne the month of November. 1833.
Ocean Steamers will sail from Portland for
San Francisco every Tuesday and Friday,
aud from San Francisco for Portland every
Treanesaay ana saturtiay. leaving Ains-
Spear StreetWharf, San Francisco, at 10 a.m.
inrouen ncuetH sold to all prlncipa
cities In the United States, Canada and
PasseneerTralnslpiw Pnrtlnml fnr Rnt-
ern points, at 9 :00 P. M. daily and at 7 :30
A. M. dally, extent Sundav.
KIVER DIVISION (Middle ColHmbla).
Boats leave Portland for DallM at 7 -.OO
land for I Mon I Tu. J We. Thu Frl. I Sat
Astoria and I
lovrar I :rvl
uartoa. fir '7 Am!
Corrallis-.I "AM am,
Victoria.BCifi AM6 AMk AMIS AM
Pnllmnn P1aia r... V,. n
land, and St. Paul.
C. H. PBESCOTT. JOHN MOTH.
t It'ISP3- Sup't of Traffic
i. L. STOKES, E. P. ROGERS,
Assist. Snp't. General Agent
of Traffic. Passenger Dep't.
Oregon & California R. R
OREGON & TRANSCONTINENTAL
On an .after May 13, 1883. trains will run as
iuuuna, uaiiji icjcept Sundays;.
Between PORTLAND asd GLEN DALE
. Uklh TKAKT
Portland 7:30 a. M.iGlendale 10:35 p. .
Glendalo I:00 A. m. Portland 4:25 p. v.
ALBANY EXPRE8S TRAIN.
Portland .1:00 P. il.l Lebanon 9.20 P. y,
Lebanon 45 A. M. Portland10:05 A.Y
makes connection with all Regular Trains on
Between Portland aad Corvallls
Portland 9:00 A. iM.ICorvallis 4:30 P. M
Corvallis 8:30 A. M.IPortland 3:20 P. M
T.R A W. jMIii vp
Portland 5;00 p.v.BrcMinnville8:lO p. m
McMinnville:45A.3r.Portland .. 8:30 a. u
the Stages of the Oregon and California Stage
. rickets foraale at all tho principal points
in California and the East, at Company'!
Corner F and Front Sts., Portland, Or.
3tnrai trill t.n.u.l I
lngatCompanys Warehouse over24 hours.
roigui wiu not db recuivea tor snlpment
after 5 o'clock P. M on either the East or
R. KOEHLEB, " JOHN MUIB,
. t cM5.er- Snp't. of Traffic.
A. L. STOKES, E. P. ROGERS.
Aist anp't. General AK't
of rraffic. Passenger Dep't.
Hwaco Steam Navigation Ga.'s
Astoria to Fort Stevens, Fort Canby,
Connecting by stages for
Oysterville and Olympla.
Until further notice the Ilwaco
Steam Navigation Co.'s steamers
or "Gen. Canby"
Will leave Astoria
On Mondays and Thursdays, at 7 A. H.
Ft.Stevens, Ft. Canby and Ilwaco
Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Fridays and
The steamer will leave Astoria at 9 a. ar..
as formerly, not being confined strictly to
Fare to Fort Stevens socts
" " Canby and Ilwaco..... SI 00
rTlwaco freicht. br the ton. In lots
one ton or over, $2 per ton,
BFor Tickets, Towage or Charter ap
ply at the ofllce of the company. Gray's
wharf, foot of Benton street.
J. 11. U. UitAl,
Shoalwater Bay Transportation Co.
.Astoria to Olympla,
Fort SteveuH. Fort C&nb,y, IJwaci.
North Beach, ytcrville. Xortli
Cove. Petersonn 1'olnt, Ho
And all points on Shoalwater Bay, and Gray
Strs. or Ou Columbia Rivet
GEN. CANBY, J
GEN. GARFIELD " Shoalwater Baj
" MONTESANO Gray'ii Harl.oi
Counseling with Stagus over Portages.
Leave Astoria for Olympla, at - - 7 A. ItL
On Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays,
arriving at Montesano the day after leaving
Astoria through trip in 60 hours.
Leave Olympla for Astoria on same days.
Columbia Transportation Co.
The popular steamer
Which has been refitted for the comfort 0
passengers will leave Wilson and
Fisher's dock every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6
fi.U. arriving at Hortlana atir.M.
Returning leaves Portland every
Tuesdays and Thursdays at 6 A. U.
Arriving at Astoria at 1 P. M.
An additional trip will bo made on
Sunday of Each Week,
Leaving Portland at 9 o'clock
8aa Aay M eraia jr.
Passengers by this routa connect atKalama
for Sound ports. U.B. SCOTT,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Room No. 0, over White House,
C. W. FCX.TOX. O. C.-FCLTOJT.
FUIiTOI BROTHERS, -
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and C. Odd Fellows Building.
J q.A. BOWXBY.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenamus treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
Attornej at Law.
Room 4,White House.
J. CURTIS ,
ATT' IT AT LAW. ,
Notary Public, Commissioner of Deeds for
California, New York and Washington Ter
ritory. Rooms 3 and 4. Odd Fellows Building, As
N.B. -Claims at Washington. D. C, and
collections a specialty.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
J C. HOLDER,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION ANI) IN
Q.KLO F. PARKER.
ClatMop County, and City of Astoria
Ottlce :-Cheuamus street, Y.M.C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
JK- X. C. 1IO ATM AX.
Physician and Surgeon.
Rooms 9 and 10, Odd Fellows Building,
JAY TUTTJuE, 21. O.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Office Rooms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
ing. Residence Over J. E. Thomas Drug
P P. HICKS,
ASTORIA, - -
Rooms In Allen's building up stairs, corner
of Cass and Sqemocqhestret .
jyn. JT. K. LaFORCE,
Room 11. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
Late of Fort Stevens, has come to Astoria
for the purpose of practicing
MEDICINE AND SURGERY.
Will Yislt patients In the country and city.
Office In Odd Fellows Building. Residence
above Catholic Church.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part ol Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Pfenald tickets to or from any European
or lull imoriuauun as iu raics uj iiuc,
sailing days, etc, apply to
GEO. P. "WHEELER.
WHEELER & KOBB.
Beal Estate 1 Insnrance Agents:
w iiava verv desirable nronertv in As
toria and Upper Astoria for sale. Also, line
farms throughout the county.
Accounts carefully adjusted and collec
we represent tue
Iteyal, Xerrvlch UhIoh and .Lanca
shire Insurance Co's.,
With a combined capital of S38,OeO,O0O.
Travelers tife and Accident InsHr-
anre Co . or mmorti, ana tne -Manhattan
Lilfe Insurance Co..
of New York.
IV'orthicest A'euw, and the Oregon Vidette.
All business entrusted to our care wm re
ceive prompt attention.
Advances mads en Consignments.