Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX, NO. 61.
ASTORIA, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1883.
PRICE, FIYE CENTS.
BILL NYE'S RESIGN.
The following ia the only exact copy
of Bill Nye's official letter in which he
resigned the post office at Laramie
City, W. T.:
Post Office Divas,
Labamie City, Oct 1, 1883. J
To the President of the United
Sir I beg leave at this time to
officially tender my resignation as
postmaster at this place and in due
form to deliver the great seal and key
to the front door of the office. The
safe combination is set on the num
bers 33, 66 and 99, though I do not re
member at this moment which comes
first, or how many times you revolve
the knob, or which direction you
should turn it at first in order to make
There is some mining stock in my
private drawer in the safe, which I
have not yet removed. This stock
you may have, if you desire it. It is
a luxury, but you may have it I
have decided to keep a horse instead
of this mining stock The horse may
not be so pretty, but it will cost less
to keep him.
You will find the iostal cards that
have not been used under the dis
tributing table, and the coal down in
the cellar. It the stove draws too
hard close the damper in the pipe,
and shut the general delivery win
dow. Looking over my stormy and event
ful administration as postmaster here
I find abundant cause for thanksgiv
ing. At the time I entered upon the
dutie3 of my office the department
was not j'cfc on a paying basis. It
was not even self-sustaining. Since
that time, with the active co-operation
of the chief executive and the
heads of the department, I have
been able to make our postal system
a paying one, and on top of that I am
now able to reduce the tariff on average-sized
letters from three cents to
two. I might add that this is rather
too too, but I will not say anything
that might seem undignified in an
official resignation which is to beaome
a matter of history.
Through all the vicissitudes of a
tempestuous term of office I have
safely passed. I am able to turn
over the office to-day in a highly im
proved condition, and to present a
purified and renovated institution to
Acting under the advice pf Geuernl
Hatton a year ago, I removed the
feather bed with which my prede
cessor, Deacon Hayford, had bolstered
up his administration by stuffing the
window, and substituted glass. Find
ing nothing in the book of instruc
tions to postmasters which made the
feather bed a part of my official
duties, I filed it away in an obscure
place and burned it in effigy, also, in
the gloaming. This .act maddened
my predecessor to such a degree that
he then and there became a candidate
for justice of the peace on the Demo
cratic ticket The Democratic party
was able, however, with what aid it
secured from the Republicans, to
plow the old man under to a great de
gree. It was not long after I had taken
my official oath before an era of un
exampled prosperity opened for the
American people. The price of beef
rose to a remarkable altitude, and
other vegetables commanded a good
figure and a ready market "We then
began to make active preparations
for the introduction of the straw
berry, roan two-cent stamps, anC the
black-and-tan postal note. One re
form has crowded upon the heels of
another until the country is to-day
upon the foam crested wave of a per
3Ir. President, I cannot close this
letter without thaukingyourself and
the heads of the departments at
Washington for your active, cheery
and prompt co-operation in these
matters. You can do as you see fit,
of course, about incorporating this
idea into your Thanksgiving procla
mation, but rest assured it would not
be ill-timed or inopportune. It is
not alone a credit to myself. It re
flects credit upon the administration
I need not say that I herewith
transmit my resignation with great
sorrow and genuine regret Wo have
toiled on together month after month
asking for no reward except the in
nate consciousness of recitude and
the salary' "was fixed by law. Now wo
are to separate. Here the roads
seem to fork, as it were, and you and
I and the cabinet must leave each
other at this point
You will find the key under tho
door mat, and you had better turn
tho cat out at night when you close
the office. If she does not go readly
you can make it clearer to her mind
by throwing the canceling stamp at
If Deacon Hayford does not pay
up his box rent, you might as well
put his mail in the general delivery,
, and when Bob Head gets drunk and
insists on a letter from one of his
wives every day in the week, you can
salute him through tho box delivery
with an old Queen Anne tomahawk
which you will find near the Etrus
can water pail. This will not in any
manner surprise either of these
Tears are unavailing. I once more
become a private cjtizen, clothed only
with tho right to read such postal
cards as may be addressed to me per
sonally, and to curse the inefficiency
of the postoffico department I may
bo in error as to the attributes of ail
American citizen, but I believe the
nboveto be the most prominent it
believe the voting class to be divided
into two parties, viz.: those who are
fn the postal service and those who
are mad because they cannot receive
registered letter every fifteen min
utes of each day, including Sunday.
3Ir. President, as an official of this
government I now retire. My term
of office would not expire until 1886.
I must therefore beg pardon for my
eccentricity in resigning. It will be
best, perhaps, to keep the heart
breaking news from the ears of
European powers -until the dangers
of a financial panic are fully past
.Thenhnrl it broadcast with a sick
. r. fining thud.
' -Very respectfully youra,
Non-Resitleiit and Alien Land Grabber.
The rapid concentration of land in
to the hands of a few, in the new
States and Territories will before very
long be a great obstacle in.the way of
their future prosperity, besides a great
injustice to the landless working man.
However we may differ in reference
to the question of fee-simple titles in
land, agrananism or monopoly, no
right thinking man can fail to see the
bad policy of allowing the titles of land
to pass into the hands of the few. The
land is the only source or sustenance,
directly and indirectly for human be
ings. For this reason many very able
writers have denied the right of any
governmeut,monarchial or republican,
to convev fee-simple titles absolute to
any lands. Wliaiever doubt wo may
have on that proposition there can be
no doubt that there should be a limit
placed to the ownership of lands in
large quantities either by individuals
It is infinitely safer and more just
to permit monoiwly in anything and
everything else than lands. Human
beings, without money, without rail
roads, without anything but muscle,
can wrest a livelihood from mother
earth. But when the ownership and
control of land has passed into the
hands of monopolists the average cit
izen, without capital, is reduced to a
condition of peonage. He is at the
mercy of the owners of the soiL
Not only have wc alienated vast
amounts of land to railroad corpora
tions, but now foreign syndicates are
being formed and are buying up im
mense tracts of land. Bad as has
been our policy of alieiiating large
quantities of our lands to our own
citizens, this permitting alien capital
lo come hero and speculate in our
lands is certainly short-sighted and
suicidal. If the present system of
fee-simple titles in land is to con
tinue, at least should bo some regu
lation to prevent foreign residents ac
quiring title to our lands. The owner
of the soil should be a citizen on the
Indeed there should be some means
adopted to prevent the ownership by
any man or firm of any large amount
We have been so prodigal of our
public lands that within the next gen
eration there will be no chance for
the enterprising worker to obtain any
interest in the soil except by purchase
at second hands, and at largely in
We of this generation may not
suffer much. But the coming gener
ations, in looking back and learning
of our wasteful and reckless disposi
tion of tho public domain, will do
anything but call us "blessed." We
can at least prevent any further mon
opoly in the soil, and pass laws for
bidding, in the future, the purchase.
by any one, of more than a limited
amount of land. This, with the ab
sence, in our country, of the law of
entail, will in time partially right the
wrong we have done to the coming
Wise statesmanship looks not only
to the interests of to-dav, but tho
well-beiug and natural rights of the
millions to come after us.
There are just as vital and pressing
questions of politics demanding solu
tion to-day and in the near future as
any which have agitated tho public
mind in the past, not even excepting
the one of slavery. We cannot shirk
our responsibility in these matters
without-endangering the peace of the
future any more than our forefathers
did in reference to that "sura of all
villainies" chattel slavery.
The right time to solve knotty ques
tions and abate evils, is before they
attain colossal proportions. If post
poned too long, nothing but convul
sion and revolution will do the work.
A FULL LIKE OF
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
In Hume's 2s'ew Building
A. V. Allen,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROFICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
B. M. LEATHERS
ILis reopened his boat shop, over Arndt &
Ferchen's, foot of LaFayette street, utid Is
prepared to turn out
AU WORK GUARANTEED.
THE GREAT GERMAH
Rlires tni cum
Sxtzus, Cits, 3n&s,
Xcl all other boilly ukH
run enrs i bottix
SoIJ bj all Dnsrftw a&l
Dealer.. Directive, la II
Tis Chitlci A.7etls: C:.
B.hlaort, Ml, C.S.A.
gBi flU ,WL
Though fhnken in every joint Mid fiber with
fever and ague, or bilious remittent, tho sys
tem mav yet be freed from tho malignant vi
rus with IJojtctter'i Stomach Hitters. Pro
tcct the system against it with this beneficent
anti-spasmodic, which is furthermore a su
preme remedy for liver complaint, constipa
tion, dyspepsia, debility, rheumatism, kidnoy
troubles and other ailments.
For sale by all Druggists and Dealers
S. ARNDT & FEROREN,
ASTORIA. - 0 KEG ON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
All kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
Mrs. R. QTJTNN,
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS,
Crockery ami Glassware,
j&u DFTXXX Stools..
NEW GOODS CONSTANTLY RECEIVED.
Northwest corner Squcmoqun and Main
Mrs T.W. Eaton. Miss Florence Camahan.
EATON a CARNAHAN,
Cass Street, next door to Odd Fellows
A. M. JOHNSON.
Astoria Sail Loft,
SAILS, TENTS. AWNINGS,
And everytliinji else pertaining to our
Lowes tPrice and Best "Work
For your Money,
At the Old Stand.
Leave your orders and get your work
done at once.
.1. HESS & CO.
Astoria, - Oregon.
The Portland and Astoria
Is prepared to contract with mastors and
consignees of rcssels for the
Loading and Unloading of Vessels
AT EITHER PORT.
Promptness and satisfaction guaranteed
In all cases.
Reatty for Business
M. D. KANT,
Great Knock Down !
Remember this is no lottery,
nor have I any favorites
to draw the prizes, every
thing is fair and square.
On New Year's Eve
I will put up for raffle three prizes.
I Suit of Clothing, $25.
I Overcoat; Worth $20.
I Hat. Worth $5.00.
To any person purchasing at my store
$2 wor f gods ! $2
OR MORE FOR CASH !
I will give a number for said- raffle, I offer
my goods at the lowest market pi ices,
marked in plain figures. -
I do this to rednce my enormous fall and
winter stock of clothing and furnishing goods
M. D. KANT,
The Boss Merchant Tailor and Clothier t
The Gem Saloon.
The Popular Resort for Astorians.
Finest of Wines and Liquors
Co to the GEM SALOON.
ALEX.CAMPREL1., - PROPRIETOR.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
BkntoxStheet, Nrar Paukkk Housk,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAND anfl MARINE EKfilUES
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. CASTINGS ,
Of all UeHcrlptlouH made to Order
at Short Notice.
A. D. W'ass, President.
.1. G. Hdstlkk, Secretary,
I. W. Cask, Treasurer.
C. H. BAIN & CO.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
Sliop W oris.
A specialty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber ; Ore
gon and Port Orford Cedar.
All kinds of boat material on hand.
C. II. BAIX fc CO.
THE LATEST STYLES
. B. B. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAN OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
"Window curtains made to order.
"My patent Trimmer to cut Wall Papr
wui De iouna conTenisni 10 my patrons.
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
II, B. PAHKF.lt. Prop..
ASTORIA, - - . - OREGON.
E. P. PARKER. - Manager and Agent.
Al. CROSBY. - - Day Clerk
Phil. BOWERS, - - Night Clek.
Jas. DUFFY has the Bar and Billiard room.
First Class in all Eespects,
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE.
IT IS A PACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomiy Street is the Best in
il; has Always on Hand FRESH
Shoal "Water Bay and East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
He ha been Proprietor or the "Aurora
110101" In KnapptoH bcych years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
A Good Cup of Coffee
MRS. POWELL HAS OPENED AN OYS
ter stand and Coflee House on Main
street next to the Oregon Bakery.,
Every attention paid to patrons.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
HeitlB 23 centM and nptvarils.
G. BOULAKD, - - Proprietor.
3IAI.V STKEET, ASTORIA.
NEW AXI) AVELTj EQUIPPED
L. Serra has rebuilt his establishment and
is prepared to accommodate the traveling
A good meal furnished1 at anyihoar.of the
day or night.
The finest Liquors and Cigars at the bar.
Two doors west of Ike Foster's.
n2S-Ctn LUIGI SERRA.
Announces to the public that he has located
In the rooms formerly occupied by the City
Book Store, where he will keep a
Restaurant and Clop House
Furnishing meals to order at all hours.
Ills patrons will find the tables supplied
with ten or twelve of the best newspapers.
Ills reputation as former proprietor of the
New England Restaurant is a sufficient
recommendation for Ills new house.
Boarding and Lodging House.
fhas. Wallman has opened a boarding and
lodging house south of O'Brien's hotel, near
the gas works.
The table Is supplied with the best the
market affords : good food and clean beds
will be furnished at the regular prices.
Give me a call and satisfy yourselves.
H. B, PARKER, -
Hay, .Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Weed Delivered to Order.
Draying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
J. H. D. GRAY.
Wholesale and retail dealer In.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED
Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
LIME, SAND, AND CEMENT.
General storage and Wharfage on reason
able terms. Foot of Benton street. Astoria
RE&D1AR STEAM PACKET
"Daisy," and Barge.
Will leave Astoria, from Gray's Dock,
For Olney, and Head of Youngs Elver,
Daily, at 8 A.M., (except Wednesdays and
Eeturnlng same day.
For Landings on Lewis & Clark's River,
On Wednesdays, at 8 A. M.,
Returning same day.
"For Freight or Passage, apply on board
or at Gray's Dock, where Freight will be r .
3i H. D. 6BAY.
Oregon Railway & Navigation
Durinjr the month of December, 1833,
San Francisco every Tuesday and Friday.
auu uuui oau crancjsco ior i'oruana every
Wednesday and Saturday, leaving Alns
worth Dock. Portland, at Midnight, and
Spear Street Wharf, San Francisco, at 10 a.m.
ThpnnIi Tlnkaru cnM tn .11 nijnnliwl
cities in the United States, Canada and
.Passenger Trains leave Portland for East
em points, at 9 :00 P. M. daily.
RIVER DITISIOX (Middle Columbia).
Boats leave Portland for Dalles at 7 :O0
land for !Mbn
Tu. lwe.lThu.lFrl. Is
lnmbla....l6AMlfi AM RAM S AM RAM
Drton. Or. 7 AM ',7AM 17 AM
Victori&.BClfi AM6 AMSAM fi AMI AM
Leaves A tori a for Portland at 6 a. m. dailj ex
Pnllmnn Tlia ra nnninr Kilnai. P..
land, aad St. Paul,
C. H. PRKSCOTT.
Sup't of Trattlc
E. P. ROGERS,
A. L. STOKES,
Oregon & California R. R.
OREGON & TRANSCONTINENTAL
On and after Dec. 2d, 1SS3, trains will ran as
follows : DAILY (Except Sundays).
Between PORTLAXD anil 12 CAST'S PASS
Portland 7:30 A. M .Grant's Passl:20 a. m.
Grant'sFasslOawr.MlPortland . 4i25 r. m.
ALBANY EXPRESS TRAIN.
Portland 4 :00 r. MjLcbanoti 9 50 r. m
Lebanon 4 :45 a. M.'Portland... 10 :Q5 a. m
The Oregon and California Railroad Ferrv
makes connection with all Regular Trains
on Eastslde Division.
WEST8IDE DIV 3SI
BfitwecH Portland ami Corvnllm
Portland 9 aTO a. M.iCorvalll- 4 -JM p. m.
Corvallis 8 :30 A. m. Portland 3 50 r.sr.
Portland 5 :00 p MlMcMInnvllIe.8 :00 pm
3IcMinnville5:45 A Ml Port land 8 :S0am
Close connections made at Grant's Pass
with the Stages of the Oreeon and Califor
nia Stage Company.
a-TIckets for sale at all the principal
pojnts In California, at Company's Ofilce,
Corner F and Front Sts., fortland, Or.
Freight will not be received for shipment
afterjo'clock.p.i. on either the East or
West Bide Division.
Sup't. of Traffic.
E. P. ROGERS,
A. tu STOKES.
liwaco StwmHayigatipn Go.'s
Astoria to Fort Stevens, Fort Canby,
Connecting by stages for
Oystervllle and Olympla.
Until further notice the liwaco
Steam Navigation Co.'s .steamers
or "Gen. Canby"
Will leave Astoria
On Mondays and Thursdays, at 7 A. M.
Ft.Stevens, Ft. Canby and liwaco
Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Fridays and
The steamer will leave Astoria at 9 a.m..
as formerly, not being confined strictly to
Fare to Fort Stevens 50cts
" " Canby and liwaco SI 00
tIlwaco frelcht. by the ton. In lots
one ton or over, $2 per ton.
i37For Tickets, Towage or cnarter ap
ply at tho ofilce of the company. Gray's
wharf, foot of Benton street.
,J. il. 11. liitAX,
Shoalwater Bay Transportation Co.
Astoria to Olympia,
Fort SteveiiM. Fort Canby, II warn
North Beach, OyHtervillc. Xortl
Cove, PetersonH I'olnl. Ho
And all points on Shoalwater Bay, and Gr
Strs. or y On Columbia Rive i
GEN. CANBY. J
GEN. GARFIELD " Shoalwater Ba
" MONTESANO " Cray's IIar!o
Connecting with Stage over Portage.
Leave Astoria for Olynipia, at - - 7 A. 31.
On Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays,
arriving at Montesano the day after leaving
Astoria through trip In GO hours.
Leave Olympla for Astoria on same days.
Columbia Transportation Co.
The popular steamer
Which has been refitted for the comfort o
passengers will leave Wilson and
Fisher's dock every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6
AM. arriving at Portland at 7 P. M.
Returning leaves Portland every
Tuesdays and Thursdays at 6 A. M.
Arriving at Astoria at 1 P. M.
An additional trip will be made on
Sunday of Each Week,
Leaving Portland at O e'cleelc
Passengers by this routs connect at Kalama
ior souna ports. u. a. bwit,
Q IS. THOMSON,
Aticrney and Counselor at Law.
Room No. c, over "White House,
C. W . FULTOX. O. C. FULTOJC
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and c. Odd Fellows Building.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenamus treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
Room 4, White House.
ATT'Jf AT LAW.
California, New York and Washington Ter-
Rooms 3 mill J Dilil TTAltniva Ttnll.Uno- Ac.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
J C. OM)EX,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AN!) IN
Q.EI.O F. PARItEK.
Clatnop County, uiid City of Astoria
Office :-CIienamus street, Y. M.C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
It. X. C JBOAT3IAX,
Physician and Surgeon.
Rooms 9 and 10, Odd Fellows Building,
JAY TUTTXiE, 31. .
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Office Rooms l. 2. anil a "Pvthf.-m Tiniii
RESIDENCE Over .T. E. Thorn' TJritir
-p P. HICKS,
ASTORIA, --- - OREGON
Rooms in Allen's bnildlnir un stairs, corner
of Cass and Snemocqhe stret .
JQB. J. E. JLaFOKCE,
Room il. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for niUnle.sq rtr!uMnn
Late of Fort Stevens, has come to Astoria
ior tnc purpose of practicing
MEDICINE AND SURGERY.
Will visit patients In the country and city.
Oflke in Odd Fellows Building. Residenco
aDove uatnouc unurcn.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part ol Europe.
1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious stcamslitu
STATE LINE, RED STAR.
HAMBURG- AMER ICAN,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tickets to or from any European
For full Information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
OEO. P. WHEELER.
W. l. Bonn.
WHEELER & HOBB.
Seal Estate"! Iisnrw Apnts.
We have very desirable property In As
toria and Upper Astoria for safe. Also, line
farms throughout the county.
Accounts carefully adjusted and collec
We represent the
Koynl, Norwich Union and Jjanca
Hiurc insurance jo'8.,
With a combined capital of S30.000.000.
Travelers Lite and Accident Insur
ance Co, of Hartford, and the Man
hnttan lAfe Insurance Co..
of New York.
We are agents for the Daily and Weekly
Xorthicest iYcira, and the Oregon Vidette.
All business entrusted to our care will re
ceive prompt attention.
Advances made on Consignments.