Newspaper Page Text
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YOL. XX, WO (7.
ASTORIA, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER! 20, 1883.
PRICE, FIYE CENTS.
SALMON PROPAGATION IX 3IA1XE.
Its Extent ami Some of the 31cthods Used.
There are numerous streams in
Maine where salmon have not been
seen for years which are now teeming
with them. In many tributary
streams of lakes used as fish fields,
where salmon have appeared in larjje
numbers weighing from 8 to 12
lounds, there has been always more
or less destruction of this game fish
by poachers, nud it is only by great
effort that the fish wardens prevent
these poachers from pursuing their
illegal operations. In some streams
the salmon have almost been extermi
nated, but the success of salmon re
storation by planting has been high
ly satisfactory to naturalists and
pisciculturists. In all principal
rivers have been distributed millions
or young fry, and every year witness
es such an increased demand that
the iuture of the Penobscot, Ken
nebec, Androscoggin, St. Croix, Saco,
Presumpscot and the Machias, as
great salmon producing rivers, bright
ens as the time rolls on. About thir
teen years ago, quite a number of
ponds were stocked with black bass,
which has since proved an edible
luxury and a favorite with anglers."
This fish, which feeds largly, on bean
mid pickerel, is a good breeder, grows
rapidly when hatched, and is a hard
fish to" catch, unless one is used to
It has been discovered that onfyS
per cent, of salmon eggs deposited in
the natural way on the spawning bed
and impregnated by the male fish
produce fish, while, by the artificial
progress that is in vogue, nearly
every egg, or 98 per cent, becomes
impregnated. The phenomenon of
this egg impregnation is remarkable.
The female eggs constitute a semi
transparent spherical mass, and the
milt of tho male, which is discharged
upon it is made up of what is termed
spermatozoids, which are romarkably
active in traversing the egg to find
entrance to the micropyle where,
when once inside, the embroyonic
salmon is formed. About the middle
of September is the time when the
salmon relieve themselves of their
ova. They come into the rivers until
the waters literally teem with them
as they proceed to their rids where
they deposito their spawn. The
male fish never appears gam
er than when he leaps from the
water like an athelete, while his
beautifully tinted body flashes in tho
sunlight with more of gorgeous beau
ty than ever. It is on these trips to
tho spawning bed that the salmon
rarfty, if ever, rises to the fly. It is
only in tho pond where they are con
fined for artificial propagation that
they are disposed to take the fly. It
is noticed that the same fishes do not
return every year to spawn. The un
certainty of their reappearance at
regular intervals, together with the
small percentage in impregnated eggs
in tho natural way, has led to artifi
cial spawning and hatching on an ex
tensive scale. Tho fish for artificial
spawning are procured in July or Axi
gust, and the spawning takes place
in October and November. Tho pe
riod for hatching is between three
and four months, depending on the
temperature of the water. The yield
of ova is about GOO eggs to one pound
of flesh, and this yield applies to not
only sea and land-locked salmon, but
to tho trout For tho propagation of
the latter fish there have been estab
lished several hatching houses, the
principal ones being at Eangely and
Moosehead lakes. The eggs hatched
at Kangely are turned into tho An
droscoggin, and those at the Moose
head are annually turned into that
lake to keep its capacity good. Breed
ing land-locked salmon is carried on
in several hatching establishments,
the principal one being at Grand
Lake stream. This fish doas not jni
grate to the sea. The young fry
hatched have been and are annually
distributed in numerous inland wa
ters, notably at Moosehead, Enfield
and Rangely, where they are multi
plying very fast. They are caught at
Moosehead with the fly, and some of
them weigh twelve pounds and up
ward. Maine is the only state that
can furnish the ova of" land-locked
salmon for distribution in other
Tho Penobscot river is conceded to
be the best river on the Atlantic sea
board for the salmon fishery. The
annual catch is already very large,
and is a source of great profit to the
net and weir fishermen. The salmon
eggs used at tho Bucksport and Or
laud hatching works all come from
these fishermen. These works are
located on Dead brook, a tributary
of tho Penobscot. The state as well
as national government has a control
ing interest in these works. Massa
chusetts and Connecticut contribute
to the support of these works, and
receive in turn a dividend in eggs
based on the amount of their sub
scriptions. A few days ago there
were placed in these works nearly 1,
500,000 impregnated sea salmon ova.
The spawning of these fish is a very
interesting operation, and has to be
done by skilful manipulation. After
the eggs are taken from the female
fish, milt is ejected into the ova from
the male fish. In a few moments the
mass, which is contained in a pan,
undergoes a transformation in color,
nhd the eggs become separated.
They are now washed, and after being
turned into wooden trays, each one
foot square, they are conveyed to the
developing house, where they are
placed under a gentle stream of run
ning water and kept submerged until
tKe eyes of the incipient fish are seen,
resembling two minute black dots,
each as small as the point of a needle.
To reach this condition it generally
takes two months. Dnring this period,
the ova is examined every low days,
and, if any eggs are spoiled, they are
removed at once. After the embry
onic stage has been reached, the pro
cess of incubation can be completed
by having the temperature of the wa
ter increased in warmth, but if tho
ova is to be shipped elsewhere in tho
United States, or to remote distances
-omtof the country, the temperature
of the water is reduced to nearly the
freaking point The ova k then care
fully packed in damp moss, in layers
of gauze netting, and kept wet and
cool during transportation. In this
way the hatching is suspended until
the ova has reached its destination,
when the water is increased to a more
thermal condition and the little fish
hatched, and in a short time they are
ready to follow their own instincts.
To-day Penobscot salmon are swim
ming in the rivers of Australia, where
no salmon was ever known until the
ova was introduced there from Maine,
Washingion Torrilory, with 70,090
square miles area, has thirty-three
counties; Montana, with 14G,000
square miles, has only thirteen coun
ties; Oregon, with 9G,O00 square miles,
has twenty-three counties; Idaho,
with 85,000 square miles, has thirteen
counties; Utah, with 85,000 square
miles, hsis twenty-three counties; Ne
vada, with 111,000 square miles, has
fifteen comities, and Arizona, with
113,000 square miles, has only ten
counties. What is there in the popu
lation of Washington Territory that
impels them in this direction, a some
thing jossessed by them in a greater
degree than bytheir neighbors else
where on the Pacific slope? Take it
all over the Pacific slope and the
average area of counties is twico that
of counties in Washington Territory.
The theory we have is that the popu
lation here is more evenly divided,
that towns are more numerous and
that the inhabitants thereof are pos
sessed with restless local ambitions
that cannot be renressed. and which
most easily and plainly shows itself
m this vmy.Post-lniclligenci'r.
Tho Kootcnay railroad act, which
passed the legislature of British Co
lumbia last June, has been disallowed
by the Dominion of Canada. This
act anthonzed J. U. Amsworth, Geo.
J. Amsworth, E. W. Blaisdell, J. W.
Sprague and G. B. Wright to build a
short line of railroad in the eastern
part of the Province, to build and run
steamboats, put up and operate tele
graph wires, etc. It not only author
ized this, but it gave them a donation
of 50,000 acres of land outright The
objection of the Canadian govern
ment is that the proposed works
would interfere with the Canadian
Pacific railroad, and instead of being
a feeder of that read, would really be
a feeder of the Northern Pacific, and
that the effect of their construction
wonld be to divert trade from Canada
to the United States. The Eraser
river railway and the New Westminis
ter Southern railway have been pro
hibited for like reasons. -Union.
Carl Schurz's retirement from tho
New York Post afibxds another proof
of the difficulty of conducting a
newspaper by an editorial council.
There were two editors of the Even
ing Pout besides Mr. Schurz himself,
or three in all; and it appears from
what he told our reporter, that the
intellectual energies of this profes
sional combination was not only ex
pended in the composition of leading
articles, but were taxed also in dis
putes over the policy of their journal
touching grave public questions.
They thus each performed double
work of a very exhausting kind. Be
sides writing, they had to make them
selves ready for debates in the coun
cil room over the positions proper for
so important an organ of public opin
ion. We cannot blame them if under
such circumstances they approached
their literary task with a sense of
fatigue which detracted from the
vivacity of their articles.
There is a clergyman in Tennessee
called the "satisfying preacher." If
a congregation is discontented he is
sent for, and so atrociously bad is he
that after hearing him once or twice
the congregation is entirely satisfied
to keep the pastor it has. The 67 ris
tian Advocate tells this story, and
adds that when the great Robert Hall
was recovering from mental aberra
tion he took a whim that he would
not preach. Several clergymen filled
his pulpit. At last he heard one so
poor that he said to him so the tra
ditioiris: "Sir, you have produced a
great effect by your sermon to-day. If
the people must hear you or me, my
duty is clear I must resume prench-
The report in circulation among
tho papers of Washington Territory,
to the effect that the new counties
were undone by the late decision of
Judges Hoyt and Green on the
"Omnibus bill" is unfounded. Their
decision in no wise affects tho new
counties, the organization of which
will go right on as contemplated by
tho laws creating them.
TheJiriiisit Cohimhian complains
loudly of the wholesale manner in
which the lands of the province are
being seized. It says that at this
time there ore applications on file to
purchase 150,000,000. by men wanting
in each case over 1C0 acres. Asingle
individual wants 50,000.
Senator Dolph has written a letter
congratulating the,womenof Wash
ington territory on their -victory in
the matter of suffrage extension, and
expressing the hope that Oregon
would speedily fall into line.
The latest fish story is from Ska
mokawa, where a sturgeon is chained
up which is five feet thick and ten
long. It is to bo barbecued at Klas
kanine on Christmas. Standard.
George Bucknell of Lake county,
CaL, who is in his dotage and has no
confidence in banks, buried his bonds
for greater safety, and has forgotten
where he buried them.
The Oregon Short Line railroad
bridge at the second crossing of
Snake river is completed, and cars
will be running to Payette within a
Tp "M"?Tnr hnx wild two lots in Port
TftwnRpn1 to Allftn Weir, of the
Argus, for- $S,WU. W here .cud. a news-
paper man -get nom oi so mucn
THE GREAT GERMAN
Relieves md curcj
Carina, Cats, BraitM,
Aal til cthfr bodily atbci
nrrr cms i Bomx.
Sold by til Drnrtitu caI
OtxUrt. DlrectloBj In 11
Sis Chirlsi A.7ijcUr Cs.
(Summq U A. Tartltt 1 (V)
UiIUbm, 2L, C. S. 1.
A. V. Allen,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Glass and Plated Ware,
TROPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
Thouzh shaken in every joint and fiber with
fovcr and ague, or bilious remittent, tho sys
tem mav yet bo freed from tho mnliennni vi
rus with Ilostottcr's Stomach hitters. Pro
tect tho svstom ngain't it with this beneficent
anti spasmodic, which is furthermore a su
premo remedy for liver complaint, constipa
tion, dyspepsia, debility, rheumatism, kidney
troubles and other ailments.
For salo by all Drugcists and Dealers
S. ARNDT & FERCHEN,
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
The Pioneer Machine Shop
AH kinds of
Promptly attended to.
A specialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
The Portland and Astoria
Is prepared to contract with masters and
consignees of vessels for the
Loading and Unloading of Vessels
AT EITHER TOUT.
Promptness and satisfaction guaranteed
in all cases.
FOARD & STOKES.
A FULL LINE OF
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables,
In Hume's 2s' ew Building
Beady for Business.
M, D. KANT,
Great Knock Down !
Keinpnibcr this is no lottery,
nor have I any favorites
to draw the prizes, every
thing is fair and square.
On New Year's Eve
r will put up for raflle three pri7.es.
I 'Suit of Clothing, $25.
I Overcoat, Worth $20.
I Hat, Worth $5.00.
To any person purchasing at my store
WORTH OF GOODS !
OR MORE FOR CASH !
I will give a number for said raflle. I offer
my goods at tlie lowest market piles,
marked in plain llgnres.
I do this to reduce jay enormous fall and
winter stock or clotlungaml furnishing goods
M. D. KAT,
The Boss Merchant Tailor :nd Clothier !
The Gem Saioon.
The Popular Resort for Astorians,
Finest of Wines and Liquors
(Jo to the (JEM SALOON.
ALEX. CAMPBELL. - PROI'BIETOR.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
Brntox Stkeet, Nkak Paiikei: Uouhk
ASTORIA. - OREGON.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAM an3 MARINE EN&IMS
Boiler Work, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. Of nil Dohcrlptlous matte to Order
at Short Xoticc.
A. D. "Wass, President.
.1. 0. IIusTLKB,Secrctary.
I. V. Cask, Treasurer.
C. H. BAIN & CO.
Doors. Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A sieclalty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut liunuer ; Ore
gon and Port Orford Cedar.
All kinds oi boat material on hand.
C. II.BAIX & CO.
THE LATEST STYLES
B. S. FRANKLIN'S,
NEXT DOOR TO ASTORTAN OFFICE.
A very large Slock from which to select.
Window curtains made to order.
"STMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall Paper,
win do louna convenient to ray pairona.
HOTELS AND KESTAURANTS.
M, It. IAKEn. Proii..
AHTORIA, - - - OREGON.
K. P. PARKER. - . Manager and Agent.
AI. CROSBY, - - Day Clerk
Phil. BOWERS, - - lght Clerk.
.Tas. DUFFY" has the Bar andBIlllard room.
First Class in all Eespects.
FREE COACn TO THE HOUSE.
IT IS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomly Street is the Best in
He lms Always on Hand FRESH
Shoal Water Bay and East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
lie has bcea Proprietor of tke "Aurora
Hotel" In Knapptoa serca years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
A Good Gup of Coffee
MILS. POWELL HAS OPENED Alt OYS
ter stand and Coffee House on llain
street next to the Oregon Bakery.
Every attention paid to patrons.
9 1 5
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
DSeulH US centH and upwards.
Q. KOULAItD, -M.II.V
STUEET. - -
SEW XXD WELI, TiqUlPPED
L. Sena has rebuilt his establishment and
is prepared to accommodate the travelins
A good meal furnished at any hour of the
dav or night.
ne iincst Liquors ana cigars at the oar.
Two doors west of Ike Foster's.
n2S-Cm LUIGI SERKA.
Announces to the public that he has located
In the rooms formerly occupied by the City
Book Store, where he will keep a
Restaurant ai Chop House
Furnishing meals to order at all hours.
Ills patrons will find the tables supplied
with ten or twelve of the best newspapers.
His reputation as former proprietor of the
New England Restaurant is a sufficient
recommendation for his new house.
Boarding and Lodging House.
Chas. Wallman has onened a boardinc and
lodging house south of O'Brien's hotel, near
ine gas worss.
The table Is supplied with the best the
market affords : good, food and clean beds
will be furnished at the regular prices.
fiive me a call and satisfy yourselves,
H. B. PARKER,
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wood Delivered to Order,
Draying, Teaming and Express Business.
" Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
, FIRST CIjASS
J. H. D. GRAY.
Wholesale and retail dealer In.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED
Hay, Qats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
LIME, SAND, AND CEMENT.
General storage and Wharfage on reason
able terms. Foot of Benton street. Astoria
REGULAR STEAM PACKET
"Daisy," aW Barge.
Will leave Astoria, from Gray's Dock,
T?r Olnev. and Head of Younzs Elver.
Dailv, atSA. St., (except "Wednesdays and
Returning same day.
For Landings on Lewis & Clark's Blver,
On lVcdBeidag, at 8 A. X.,
orFor Freight or Passage, a jwly.OB board
oz at Gray.'s JDoclc, -where Freight will be r
celvtHl and stored. If neeeaiary.
, J. H. D.GRAY.
Oregon Railway & Navigation
During th ft month nf .Tinitw ion JVmh
Steamers will sail from Fortlaadj Tor San
Francbco. andJrom San Francisco Xor Fort
land every 5 days, leaving Alnsworth-Doclc,
luuwuu, ui iniuuiKiu, aim spear oireei
Wharf, San Francisco, at 10 a. ac
ThFOIIIrh Tlrlrntu cn14 tn oil n.lnnli.o1
cities In the United States, Canada and
FflSSenf?flrTrln Ipirn "PnrtTan.1 fnn Vaot.
ern points, at 7 :80 F. M. dally.
KITES DIYISIO.Y (Middle Columbia).
Boats leave Portl.tnrt fnr naiiM nt rr .tt
land for IMonl Tu. I We. Thu. I Frl. I Sat
uajton. Or. J 7 Ail J J.AM
VictcrU.BCi6AM6 AMI RAM
laou, oca oi.jriai.
a H. FitESCOTT,
A. L. STOKES,
E. P. ROGERS,
Oregon & California R. R.
OREGON & TRANSCONTINENTAL
On and alter Dec. 2d, 18S3. trains will ran as
fxllMfo . Tl I TT ' b t i. v
Between PORTLAND and GRAXT'3 PASS
MAIL Tit A IX.
Portland 7 t30A.MlGrant'sPassl:2Q 'a. m.
Grant'srass 10:00i:.3t Portland 425 v. m.
ALBANY EXPRE88 TRAIN.
Portland..4 o p. M.LcbanoiiM9 or. it
Lebanon 4 5 a. m. I Portland 10 :05 a. m
The Orecon and P.iUfnrnfa'RAnmsfl T?rrv
makes connection with all Regular Trains
uu jiauiue JJivision.
WESTSIDE I IV -SI
Between Portland aud C'orvMllin
LEAVE 1 PPll'P
Portland 0 -Yl 1 -vr irvirtrolllo .tn, u
Corvallls 8 :30 a. M.rortlandl3 :1M v. mI
LEAVE. ATf PTVT?
Portland 5 :0O p MMcMlnnvilIe8 rfX) pm
McMlnnvIlle5:45 AMirortland 8 :30 am
Close connections made at Grant's Pass
With the Stapes Of thl DrPtrnn ini rVillfnT--
nla Stage Company.
atSTlckets for sale at all the principal
points In California, at Company's Office,
Corner F and Front Sts., Portland, Or.
Erofcrlit will nnt lia nolfn,l
after 5 o'clock p.m. on either the East or
West side Division.
B. KOEHLKR. JOHN MU1B.
Oen'l Manager. Sop't. of Traffic.
A. L. STOKES, E. P. R0GEB3,
ami Btip-t- General Aii't
of Traffic. Passenger Dep't.
liwaco Steam Navigation 'Gos
Astoria to Fort Stevens, Fort Cathy,
Connecting by stages and boats for
Oysterville, Montesano and Olympia
Until further notice the Ilwaco
Steam Navigation Co.'s steamer
G-ero.. 1VT1 les,
Will leave Astoria
On Mondays Thursdays, and Saturdays
(Oysterville and Montesano mail days.
at 7 A. M.
Ft.Stevens, Ft. Canby and Ilwaco
Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Fridays
The steamer will leave Astoria at 9 a. m..
as formerly, not beiny confined strictly to
Fare to Fort Canby and Ilwaco .75 cts.
HF-Ilwaco freieht, by the ton. In lots of
one ton or over, $2 per ton,
f-For Tickets, Towage or Charter ap
ply at tho oHlce of the company, Gray's
wharf, foot of Uenton street
J. H. D. GRAY,
Shoalwater Bay Transportation Co.
Astoria to Olympia,
Fert Stevens. Fort Canby, Il-n-aro.
Nortk Beach. Oysterville, Xorth
Cove, Petersons foist, IIo
And all points on Shoalwater Bay, and Gray
GEN. MILES, I
Strs. or On Columbia IUvei
GEN. CANBY, J
GEN. GARFIELD " Shoalwater Bay
" MONTESANO " Gray's Harboi
Connecting with Stages over Portages.
Leave Astoria for Olympia, at - - 7 A. 31.
On Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays,
arriving at Montesano the day after leaving
Astoria through trip In 60 hours.
Leave Olympia for Astoria on same days.
Columbia Transportation Co.
The popular steamer
WhTch has- been refitted! for the comfort o
passengers will leave Wilson and
Fisher's dock, every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6
A.M. arriving at Portland at 1 P. M.
Retumlng leave Portland every
Tuesdays and Thursdaus at 6 A. M.
Arriving at Astoria at1 P. M.
An additional trip will be made on
Sunday of Each Week,
Lea-ring Portland at e'cleek
- SHBday MarBiBjr.
FyiMfflgarsby this routa connect at Kal&ius
ier pernio: pons. u. a. suuri,
Q IS. THOMSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Room No. 6, over White House,
C. W. FULTOX. O. C. FtTCTOX.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and 6. Odd Fellows Building.
ATTORNEY AT; LAW,
Chenamus treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON
Qt J. CUilTIS,
ATTT AT .LAW.
Notary Public, Commlssloner.of Deeds for
California, New York and Washington Ter
Rooms 3 and. 4. Odd Fellows Building, As
N.B.-Claims at Washington. D. C. and
collections a specialty.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
q.elo f. parses.
Clatsop County, and City ef Antsrla
OrQce :-Chenamus street, Y.M.,C. A.' hall
Room No. 8.
JJB. X. C. BOATaiAX.
Physician and Surgeon.
Rooms o and 10, Odd Fellows Building
JAY TUTTIiE, M. .
PHYSICIAN AND SUBQEON
Offick Rooms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build
ing. llvqin wr"E- (loo. T zr lnm.oi rt.-,..
Store. " "
jp P. HICKS,
ASTORIA, - OREGON
Rooms in Allen's building up stabs, corner
JK. J. R. LaFOKCE, .
Room ll. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or.
Gas administered for painless extraction
Late of Fort Stevens, has come to Astoria
for the purpose of practicing
MEDICINE AND SURGERY.
Will visit patients In the country and city.
Oflke.in Odd Fellows Building. Residence
above Catholic Church.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part oi Europe.
I AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commodious steamship
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE.
Prepaid tickets to or from any Europeaa
For full Information as. to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
GKO. P. WHEELER.
WHEELER & ROBB.
Beal Estate I tame Apt?.
We have very desirable property in Aj
toria and Upper Astoria for sale. Also, fin
farms throughout the county.
Accounts carefully adjusted and collec
We represent the
Boyal, Norwich UhIos and .Lanca
shire iHaaraaee Co'a.,
With a combined capital of 836,009,000.
Travelers Life and Ac eld eat Irsht
aace Co , of Hartford, and the Maa
kaltaa litre IaHaraaee Co.,
of New York.
We are agents for the Bally and Weekly
Aortnwaijxcws, ana me Oregon Yuuue.
All business entrusted to our care will re
ceive prompt attention.
Advances made on Consignments.
Steamer TOM MORRIS.
pa k THIS HEW
SsEbSBESfl Favorite Beat
TS NOW KEADY FOR BUSINESS AND
Xcaa.be chartered for excursions, apeelal
parties, etc., at reasonable rates. . x general
ste&mboatlng business transacted.
V, BOSHING, Maatwr.