Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX, NO f8.
ASTORIA, OREGOX, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1S83.
PRICE, FIVE CENTS.
RUSSIAN POLITICAL PROGRESS.
The czar or Bussia appears to be
making a genuine effort toward modi
lying nis autocratic rule, ntii a view
probably of furnishing his country a
constitution guaranteeing a certain
degree of representative government
He is not the first czar who has at
tempted this. His father tried it be
fore him, but his early moves in that
direction were followed; by events
which indicated to his mind that if he
but once loosened the bonds of the
people ever so slightly the act would
prove the precursor of a deluge; that
if concessions were made they would
but prove the entering wedge of revo
lution and anarchy. He was like the
individual who grasped the bear's
tail afraid to hold on and afraid to
let go. He held on, however, and his
sou up to date has continued the
The Russian czars have been aware
for some time that an autocracy in
this age in anything like a civilized
country is an anachronism, and that
if there is not a gradual adaptation of
the Russian government to more
modern forms a revolution is sooner
or later sure to come. The terrible
lesson of the French revolution is not
wholly lost in Russia. In France the
political tide was dammed back so
long and determinedly by the Bour
bons that there was no such thing as
a safe descent to a constitutional
form of government. The cords of
authority once loosened, the flood of
anarchy swiftly came. The question
in Bussia is whether the flood behind
the dam is already too great to be let
down gradually, or whether the level
can be reached without a convulsion
like that of France; and it is an in
tensely interesting one to tho parties
The condition of the Bussian peo
ple is not as bad as that of the F rench
was before the revolution, but there
are important points of similarity be
twecn the two. The finances of
Bussia are in an almost hopeless
state. There is no telling just what
the amount of debt is, and there is no
prospect of its ever being paid oil.
Au aristocracy stands between tho
throne and Ihe people in one case as
in the other, consuming tho public
substance. The national expendi
tures are greater than the national
income, and -must continue so as long
:is the immense standing army is sus
tained and corruption prevails. If
there is no relief to tho increasing
strain, it can be seen that a point will
be reached eventually when something
The enemies to reform in Bussia
are the Nihilists and the nobility. The
former will not accept gradual meas
ures, and the latter will not willingly
relinquish their opportunities for
spoil. They constitute a vast system
of middle-aged men, and levy a heavy
loll on what passes from the people
into the government coffers. Whether
the czar will prove powerful enough
to institute his proposed reforms in
the faco of these obstacles remains to
be seen. He is moving cautiously
and experimentally, but he perforce
uses dangerous tools.
Getting A Homo.
There are two important steps to be
tnken by every young man who has
to depend upon his own exertions
for a living. The first is to master
some occupation which he can rely
upon in after years for a livelihood.
The three or four years spent in learn
ing a trade are to most young men
years of privation, during which they
are compelled to exercise the most
rigid economy. The lessons taught
during these years, if properly ap
plied, will render the next step the
procurement of a home compara
tively easy of accomplishment A
wage-worker, in possession of a good
trade and a comfortable house to
live in, is on the highway to compe
tence. The greatest obstacle-to the
steady advancement and prosperity
of the mechanic is the constant drain
which a landlord makes upon his in
come. The man who cams $G00 or
S1000 a year has to pay from one
fourth to one-third of his wages for
rent, if ho wishes to live comfortably.
Even at these figures the houses fur
nished in the larger cities are very
deficient in many respects, especially
as regards situation and sanitary
arrangements. The demand for
dwellings of the character best suited
to mechanics is always in excess of
the supply, and rents have been
steadily on tho increase. It is plain,
therefore, the first step toward inde
pendence is for the mechanic o own
his own house. If he has to
pay out rents every ten years as
much as would secure for himself a
comfortable home, there is but slim
chances of his ever accumulating
much money. Tho true policy is to
secure a home either before marriage
or while the family is small and in
expensive. If the task is delayed for
ten or a dozen years tho chances are
that it will never bo accomplished.
Once a wage-worker becomes his own
landlord he can save a sum annually at
least equal to what his rent would be,
and this continued for a period of
yearamust result in a competence if
a judicious use is made of the money.
It may not be possible for all me
chanics to obtain homes of their own,
but thousands of them who continue
renters all their lives could do so if
they would only make tho effort. It
requires some degree of self-denial
to accomplish the result, but once
obtained it removes the chief obstacle
to those steady accumulations which
are tho foundations of all fortunes,
.great or small.
About $50,000 was raised in this
country for ihe defense of O'Donnell,
and probably less than one-tenth of
that amount reached him. Provi
dence always lias some mysterious
"way of taking oare of distinguished
Irish patriots in New York.
Aa ImaieHsc Industry.
The Baltimore American remarks
editorially that the renowned pre
paration, St Jacobs Oil, is sold in
twenty-six different countries of the
globe, and is known and upraised for
its freat merits in twelve -different
Discussing tho abdication of Yil
lard the Boston Transcript of the
Villard's following was a blind fol
lowing. His work was almost always
in tne dark, and is still m darkness,
jir. vuiards management was
marked by extravagance. Commis
sions paid for negotiation of North
era Pacific loans, and for financial as
sistance, have aggregated between
$5,000,000 and 10,000,000.
The cost of that portion of the
Northern Pacific road built by Mr.
Yiilard has been about $70,000 per
mile, and it will cost when completed
above fcbU.OOU a mile. The bankers
commissions upon funds raised to
build this line amounted to 810,000 a
mile, the cost per mile of an ordinary
western or Kansas railroad.
The amount of capital involved
with the Oregon and Transcontinent
al oompany, rising $300,000,000, was
too large for the meager population
of the states and territories in which
it was invested, to realize the expec
tations of the investors.
Speculation in the Oregon and
Transcontinental company extended
beyond the domain of the Northern
Pacific and Oregon companies, and
was apparently without end. This 'is
one reason why all its assets and lia
bilities can not now be made public
Villard showed lack of judgment
regarding the attractions of a new
road as a new country for investors,
when he invited the world to witness
the ceremony of joining tho Northern
Pacific rails, and the selling of secur
ities by the excursionists assisted the
downward movement of his secur
Villard misled the public and
his associates in regard to the
increase in stock of the Oregon and
Transcontinental company, when it
was raisod from $35,000,000 to $10,-
(JlKJjUUU. We are not able to confirm
the report that the Oregon and Trans
continental company's floating debt
was found to be nearly S25,000,000,
but we can confirm the report which
gained currency in stock circles in
Boston last week, but was not be
lieved, that a new indebtedness of
$1,000,000 had been discovered for
the Oregon Improvement Company.
Here is a company with $7,000,000
capital and about S5,000,000 funded
debts, which recenth- sold to Boston
investors $2,000,000 worth of capital
stock, making a total issue of $7,000,-
uuu to cancel all its noating indebt
edness. It then raised its dividend
to 8 per cent Within the last ten
days new indebtedness of $1,000,000
is discovered in tho Oregjn Improve
ment company, and indorsed as genu
ine, yet Villard says ho never heard
of it before.
Tho resignation of Villard is view
ed with a satisfaction exceeded only
1... il. -L 1. 1 1TT-11 T
u mat wiiicu welcomes wiiiara jem
dicott, Jr., as his successor. The
name of Mr. Eudicolt recalls all that
is truest and most noble in New Eng
land life and character; from the
anti-slavery movement down to
th latest state struggle with But
ler and Butlerism. Tho asurance
that Mr. Endicott takes the
management of this gigantic
transcontinental enterprise only from
a desire to serve his associates who
have invested almost wholly upon his
personal character, is needless. He
has already more pubbc and trust re
sponsibilities than any other man in
Massachusetts of like personal fort
une, and for several years has only
desired for himself relief. Yet each
year has found him in new fields of
usefulness to others. His clear pene
tration which has opened wide many
a difficult problem before, will soon
reveal the depths in the Oregon and
The estimates for Orecon anil
Washington rirer and harbor im
provements before tho nresent enn-1
Kress, are: Improving entrance to
Coos bay and harbor, S150.000; im-1
proving iaquina uay, i4U,wu; con
structing a canal around the Cas
cades of Columbia river, S500,000; im-
provincr upper Columbia river. S5G.
000; improving lower Willamette and
Columbia rivers, S2-12.000: improving
upper Willamette riypr, S20.000; im
proving lower Clearwater river. Idaho.
$20,000; improving Chohalis river,
Washington. SoOOO: nnprovinir Cow
litz river, $0,000; improving Skagit,
Stillaguamish, Nooksack, Snohomish.
iuu ouuquuumu rivers, io,uuu; im
proving month of Coauille river.
Those Republicans of Oreiron. savs
the Standard, who think that Sena
tor Mitchell was retired for good af
ter the forty days' contest last vear.
if they will watch his friends pretty
closeh' in the various counties, will
not fail to see their mistake. From
all over the state tve learn that his
friends are actively at work selecting
their men for the legislature, and
they do not propose to have any of
the immortal eighteen in tho next ses
sion. If the Republicans should car
ry the legislature, Mr. Mitchell will
be the senator to succeed Senator
Slater. His friends propose to make
no mistake next time.
Reporters say that it is more diffi
cult to obtain an interview with
President Arthur than any man id
the United States.
Have Wistar's balsam of wild rherrv
ahvaj's at hand. Jt cures coughs, colds,
bronchitis, wlioopmg cough, croup, in
fluenza, consumption, and all throat and
iuu complaints. 50 cents and$l a bot
tle. Mis T.W. Eaton. Miss Florence Garnahan.
ATON & CARNAHAN,
door to. Odd. Fellows
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sciatica,
Lumsago, Backache, Headache, loolhache,
Sore Tbrost, SweJlInc. Hpralnn, BruUc,
Bursa, Scald. Krot Ulte,
J150 XIX OTHER BODILT IUISS A5D ACHES.
Said by Drcscitu &ad Dexlrro eTctywhere. Fifty CeaU a
botllt. Directions In It Lantn&cci.
THE CHARLES A. VOGELEE CO.
A. V. Allen
Wholesale and lEetall Denier tu
Glass and Plated Ware,
TKOPICAL AND DOMESTIC
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
King of the Blood
Is not .1 "cure all." It Ii a blood-nurifier and
ionic, impurity oi uio uiooa poisons t He sys
tem, deranges the circulation, and thus In
duces many disorders, known by different
names to uisunguisn tnem accordlngOo ef
fects, but being really brandies or phases of
that great generic disorder. Impurity r
" ouch are xsyepcnxuz, iiutiQUsnc&s,
xavct vnmmaini. uamunaiion. Ktrtau nix
order. Hcadaclx. Backache, fitnaral Wtnk
new, it cur i instate, uropsy. Ktancy Distort,
Pile, RheumatUm, Catarrh, Scrofula, SMn
Dlmrdtr, Pimnlcs. Ulcers. Su-tHinge, c.
tc. Kincr of the Blood prevents and
cures these by attacking the cau.c. Impurity
ofthe blood. Chemlstsand physicians agree
in calling it "the most genuine and efficient
nrevaraiion ior tne nuroose." soiii liv rrii.
cists. SI per bottle. See testimonials, itirpcv
tlons. &c, in pamphlet, "Treatise on Diseases
oi tne uiooa," wrapped around each bottle.
u. iiasum. SOX R Co.. Props
Buffalo. N. Y.
S. ARNDT & EERCHEN,
The Pioneer Machine Shop
Ail kinds of
EN(rXIrR fi ATTKTEVR V
a X-LW vilJJ. .W ISitt X ,
Promptly attended to.
Ahpecialty made of repairing
FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET.
The Portland and Astoria
Is prepared to contract with masters and
consiRnees of vessels for the
Loading and Unloading of Vessels
AT EITHER PORT.
Promptness and satisfaction guaranteed
In all cases.
Fflffl & STOKES.
A FULL LINE OF
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
In Hume's New Building
Will you suffer with Dyspepsia and
Liver Complaint ? Shlloh'a Vltalizer Is
giarauteed to cure you. Sold by W. E.
llemember this is no lottery. .
nor have I any favorites
to draw the prizes, every
thing is fair and square.
On New Year's Eve
l will put up for raffle three prizes.
I -Suit of Clothing, $25
I Overcoat, Worth $20.
I Hat, Worth. $5.00.
To any person purchasing at my store
WORTH OF GOODS !
OR MORE FOR CASH !
T will jjive a number for said raffle. I offer
my roohs at tne lowest market pilc?,
marked in plain figures.
I do this to reduce my euormoiu fall and
winter stock of ciothlncaiid funiUhlmrEoads
M. D. KAMT,
The Uoss Merchant Tailor and Clothier
The Gem Saloon.
The Popular Resort for Astorians.
Finest of Wines and Liquors
Go to the OEM SALOON.
ALKX.CAMPllELU - PKOrillETOU.
ASTORIA IRON WORKS.
BKNTOKSTItEET, NKA.lt PAKK8K flOBSB,
ASTORIA. - ORECOX.
GENERAL MACHINISTS AND
LAND an3 MABINE ENGINES
BoilerWork, Steamboat Work
and Cannery Work a spe
cialty. OASTIMG-S ,
Of nil DencriptloxiH made to Order
at Short Xotlce.
A. I). "Wass. President.
J. O. II ustlku. Secretary,
I. V. Cask, Treasurer.
C. H. BAIN & GO.
Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms
Turning, Bracket Work.
A specialty, and all work guaranteed.
Oak. Ash, Bay, and 'Walnut lumber ; Orc
Kon and Fort Orford Cedar.
All kinds oi boat material on hand. $t
C II. BAIN & CO.
THE LATEST STYLES
B. S. FRANKLIN'S,
.NEXT DOOR TO ASTOr.IAX OFFICE.
A very large Stock from which to select.
Window curtains mado to order.
tyMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall' Paper
will be louud convenient to my patrons.
HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS.
H. B. PARKER.
ASTORIA, - - -
E. P. PARKER,
Manager and Agent.
Jas. DUFFY has the Bar and Billiard, room.
Pirst Class in all Respects.
FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE.
IT IS A FACT
JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE
Concomiy Street is the Best in
21c Iius Always on Hand FRESH
tfhoal Water Bay aad East
"JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER.
He Iia brca Proprietor or tho "Amrora
notel" In Knapptea sctch years.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
A Good Gup of Coffee
UTItS. POWELL HAS OPENED A2f OYS
VA ter stand and Coffee House on Main
street next to the Oregon Bakery.
Every attention paid to patrons.
Chop House and Restaurant.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
.Hon Is 25 ceutH aad Howards.
JIAI.V STREET. -
aEW AXD WELL EQUIPPED
L. Scrra has rebuilt his establishment and
is nrenared to accommodate the travfOlnc
A good meal furnished at any hour of the
uay or nigac.
lie imest Liquors ano, cigars at the bar.
Two doors west of Ike Foster's.
n2S-6ni LUIGI SERRA.
unounces to the public that he ha3 located
in the rooms formerly occupied by the City
Book Store, where he will keep a
Restaurant anil Clop Honse
Furnishing meals to order at all hours.
Ills natrons will find the table unnl!ptl
with ten or twelve of the best newspapers.
His reputation as former proprietor of the
New England Restaurant is a -sufficient
recommenaation ior nis new house.
Boarding and Lodging House.
Chas. Wallman has oneneri a ho-irdintmnd
lodging house south of O'Brien's hotel, near
uie gas wurKS.
The table Ls sunnlied with the best the
market affords : good food and clean beds
wiii oe iurnisueu at the regular prices.
(Jive me a call and satisfy yourselves.
H, B. PARKER,
Hay, Oats, Straw.
Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand
Wood Delivered .to Order,
Draying, Teaming and Express Business.
Horses ana Carriages for Hire.
WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
J. H. D. GrBAY,
Wholesale and retail dealer in.
GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED
Hay; Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc.
LIME, SAND, AND CEMENT.
General storaee and Wharfaea en reason
able terms. Foot of Benton street. Astoria
REGULAR STEAM PACKET
"Daisy," and Barge.
Will leave Astoria, from Gray's Dock,
For Olnev. and Head of Younes Elver.
Dally, at 8 a. sr., (except Wednesdays and
Returning same uay.
For Landings on Lewis & Clark's Elver,
un veUBestn7s,.ats A
lleturuing same day.
esrFor Frcicht orPassaee. anoly:on board'
or atGray's l)ockfc whcT Freight will be r ,
celved'ond stored, If necesMry.
J.'H". Df GRATT
0f6gon Railway & Navigation
O VF.AX DIVISION .
. DlirlD.thA nnnth nf.T4rtMiw-taxi Oiuon
Steamers will sail from. Portland fdr San
Francisco, aailroa San Francisco lot Port
land every 5 dayx, leaving Alns worth Dock,
Portland, at .Midnight, and Spear Street
ThreasK Tickets sold, to all principal
"v ui uie unuea aiaiea, uanaaa ana
Passenger Trains leave Portland for Ea3t-
BIYER DIVISION- (Middle CelHBibla).
Boats leave Fortland for Dallea at 7 :Otf
Leave Port-1 1-1 :
land for 5Tonl To. lWe.lTha.1 FrL
Victoria 0,'6 AM 1 6 AM
Lilies Astoria for PortUrd at 6 a. m. dally ex
. Pallia an Falaca Cars running between Port
land, and St. Paul,
A. L. STOKES,
Sup't of Traffic
Oregon & California R. R
OREGON & TRANSCONTINENTAL
On and after Dec 2d. 18S3, trains will run as
iouows : UAH. (Except Sundays).
. KASrSIDE DIVISION.
Between PORTLAND and GRANT'S PASS
Portland 7 0 a. x I G rant's Passl 9 a. k.
Grant'sPass l0:00t. li Portland 4:25V. sr,
ALBANY EXPRE68 TRAIN.
Portland 4op. M.Lebanon....9 no r. at
Lebanon...4 rf5 a. it.!Portland 10 .-05 a. ai
The Oreiron and California Railroad Ferrv
makes connection with all Regular Trains
uu juuisiae jjivision.
.Between Portland and CorvHllt
Portland 9 :Co A. ji.CorvallL- 4 i30 p. m.
uorvaui3 8 -.30 a. M.Portland 3 -3) r.ar,
Portland 5 :CO p 3iMciIinnvllle-8 sopji
AiCJiinnviue6:45 AMirortland 8 :30 am
Close connections made at Rrant's Paw
with the Stages of the Oreiron and Califor
nia aiage uompany.
KBTTlckets for sale at all the principal
points In California, at Company's Office,
Corner F and Front Sts., Fortland, Or.
Freight will not be received for shipment
RiieroodocKF.M. on euner the East or
west side Division.
A. L. STOKES,
A 1st Snp't.
Snp't. of Trfflc.
Ilwaco Steam Navigation Go.'s
Astoria to Fort Stevens, Fort Canby,
Connecting by stages and boats for
Oysterville, Montesano and Olympia
Until further notice the Ilwaco
Steam Navigation Co.'s steamer
"Will leave Astoria
On Mondays Thursdays, and Saturdays
(Oysterville and Montesano mall days.
at 7 A. M.
Ft.Stevens, Ft. Canby and Ilwaco
Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Fridays
The steamer will leave Astoria at 9 a.m..
as formerly, not belnc confined strlctlv to
Fare to Fort Canby and Ilwaco,......75 cts.
syilwaco freieht. by the ton. In lots of
one ton or over, $2 per ton,
EFor Tickets, Towage or Charter ap
ply at the office of the company, Gray's
wharf, foot of Benton street.
J. ii. V. UKA1,
Shoalwater Bay Transportation Co.
Astoria to Olympia,
Fart SteveHB. Fort Canby, Ilwaco.
Sertk Beach, Oysterville, North
Cove, PetersoHS JPelat, Ho
And all points on Shoalwater Bay, and Gray
On Columbia Itivei
- GEN. GARFIELD Shoalwater Baj
" MONTESANO Gray's Harboi
Connecting with Stages over Portages.
Leave Astoria for Olympia, at - - 7 A. aft.
On "Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
arriving at Montesano the day after leaving
Astoria through trip In 60 hours.
Leave Olympia for Astoria on same days.
Columbia Transportation Co.
The popular steamer
Which has been refitted for the comfort o
passengers win leave Wilson and
Fisher's dock every
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6
'A.M. arriving at Portland at 7 P. M.
Returning leaves Portland every
Tuesdays and Thursdays at 6 A. M.
Arriving at Astoria at 1 P. M.
An additional trip will be made on
Sunday of Each Week,
leaving Portland at 9 e'clack
HHRday Men 1b jr.
Passengers by this routs boanect at Kalama
ior sound ports. u. u. scoTT,
BA"M 6 AM
RAM. 6 AM
Q Ii. THOMSON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
Room No. 6, over "White House,
C W. FUXTOX. O. C FULTON".
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Rooms 5 and 6. Odd Fellows Buildings
J Q. A. BOWLBY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Chenamus treet, ASTORIA, OREGON
ATT'Y" AT LAW.
kNotary Public, Commissioner of Deeds for
I California, New York and "Washington Ter-
Booms 3 and 4, Odd. Fellows Building, As
.B.-Clalms at Washington. 1). C. and
collections a specialty.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES.
Jj C. HOliDESf,
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
Q.F.LO F. PABSJQt,
Clatsop Couaty, aad City of Asterla
Office :-Chenamus street, "Y. M. C. A. hall
Room No. 8.
jqil, x. c. BOATacAar,
Physician and Surgeon.
Booms 9 and Jo, Odd Fellows Bulldlus,
JAY TUTTXE, 31. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SUBQEOK
OFFICK Ronm I. 5 nnrt 5 Trthla-n U..11.1.
Ing. ' -J
EESTDEXfri? Ovpr .T T? Thnmooi Tl,....
ASTORIA, - - OREGON
Rooms hi Allen's hnlldlnv un ntra
ofCassandSqemocqhestret . '
JQIi. J. R. LaFOKCE,-'
Room 11, Odd Fellows Building Astoria, Or.
GaS admlnlstprpll fnr ntlnlou arfnMInn
of teeth. if. ut
Late of Fort Stevens, has come to Astoria.
ior me purpose ot practicing
MEDICINE AND SURGERY,
Will visit patients lu the country and cltv.
Office In Odd Fellows'Building. Residence
auove uainoiic unurcn.
GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY.
Bills of Exchange on any
Part ol Europe.
I AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING
well known and commndtrmi tAnmhln
STATE LINE, RED STAR,
NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. .
Prepaid tickets to or from any European
Tor full information as to rates of fare,
sailing days, etc, apply to
X. W.UA OIL.
GEO. P. "WHEELER.
W. L. ROBB.
WHEELER & ROBB.
Eeal Estate g Insnrance Asents.
"Ve have verv desirable nrorertv In As
toria and Upper Astoria for safe Also, tine
farms throughout the county.
Accounts careiuuy aajustea anu collec
we represent the
Itoynl, A'orwlcli Usiea aad Ijaaea
With a combined capital of 83e,Oeo,OOe.
Travelers Ufa aa A Aecideat laaar-
aace Cd, of Hartford, and. the Mas
kattaa lilfe iBsnraaeo Co.,
of New York.
We are asents for the Daily and Weeklu
Horthwest News, and the Oregon Vidette.
All business entrusted to our care will re
ceive prompt attention.
Advances made on Consignments.
Steamer TOM MORRIS.
aad Faverite Beat
IS NOW READY FOR BUSINESS AND
can be chartered for excursions, speelal
parties, etc, at reasonableates A. general
sle&m boating business tr&B!etd
XT ryPltTVn r