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Successor to Indiahotna Champion
ELGIN, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1913
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D. E. McAnaw
Dealers in . . .
All Kinds of
Grain, Cotton, Coal.
Best Mexico Coal
$7 a Ton
The Bank That Accommodates
Bank of Elgin
If you are not already our customer, open an
account without delay.
A. L. McPhbrson, Prcs. 0. A. McPherson, V. P.
E. McPherson, Cashier.
;. .;. .;. .;. .;. .;. .. .;. .;. .;. . .j. .5. .5. .5. .;..:..j..K--:H'.t..M'-H'
J. P. KENNEMUR
. . . For the Very . . .
First Door West of
Fine Kitchen Cabinet Given Away
THE BABY'S SMILE
Oh, there's something mighty knowin' in a little baby's
And there's something mighty grippin' in it. too;
An' unless your soul is stunted with the vicious and
It is bound to make a better man of you.
When the little lips start partin' into signs of gladness
An' the little eyes light up an' sparkle glee,
You forget the day's misfortunes an' the weight o'
care you feel,
An' you're sure that you are as happy as can be.
You may be the glummest fellow ever shrouded in
You may wonder if the battle is worthwhile,
But your hart will start to beatu) just as though it
had no care
If the baby only greets you with a smile.
If you look across the table to the high chair where he
An' his bright eyes look into yours, an' then
Blaze into joy, as only a bright little baby's eyes can
You forget the petty ignominy of men.
You forget that you are troubled; you forget that you
You arc lifted for the moment from despair,
An' you thank the God who made you, and who let you
be the dad
Of the baby who sits smiling in his chair.
And if came Dame Fortune to you, with here sweetest
smile, an' said:
"T hnvn hnnrrlpri tho wnfM'a mnn.. i :i
Just give up that little baby an' it's yours;" you
iiHKU your nuuu,
And reply: "I'm richer with that baby's smile
Winter lonilis on the Farm
How lo Chooie a Breed, Mils ind Rett
Fowlt Thm Will Care Ltrgit Net Retutoi
By PROF. J. G. HALPIN
Wlmmln Colltf af Jit rleallan
CoiunUlit, 1010, by V'Uru Nawipapcr Union
Tho universal question of tbo far
mer Interested In poultry Is "What
breed will provo most profltablo (or
general farm purposes?" Ho Inces
santly besieges tho poultry fancier,
the editors of poultry Journals and
similar authorities on chickens with
this query. It Is Impossible to answer
thin question In tho way the farmor
donlros. Ho expects n pnrtlculnr
breed to bo named outright and char
acterized an tho premier money-ma-Iter
of all varieties.
Duo to tiio great similarity extsUng
between the breeds, oxtremo varia
tions In local conditions exist. As a
result of Individual peculiarities and
preferences of tho owners of tho
flocks, no one broed can bo named as
tho most profltablo for all farm pur
poses. In general, the dunl-purposo breeds,
capablo of both meat and egg produc
tion, are host adapted to farm condi
tions. Specialised varieties are Im
practical for the general farm, as they
requlro too much attention and care.
The farmor needs n bird with much
In some brush pile neit wherein the
chicks aro hatched. Another hen will
produco 160 eggs annually under the
proper conditions of housing and
care. From which of theso setting!
of eggs should ono select the stock
with which to replenish the breeding
pensf Too often tbo choice is tuado
of tho Inferior brush pile-reared
roughers concerning whose egg-produ-clng
qualities nnd prolificacy the farm
er knows tittle.
Always breed from the bens which
lay thU best In tho fall as they best
serve this purposo. Never save eggs
for setting from a sluggish hen that
hangs around tho roost "droopy" and
sleepy and displays an inactive, lazy
disposition. The habits of the hen
can be studied best In the winter and
this Benson is tho propor time to se
lect breeding stock.
Accurate and rigid (election of
brooding stock should commence
early. Study the flock carefully, espe
cially aa regards tho laying heus
which have the reddest combs and
which hover around the nests. Those,
A poultry house well adapted to the average farmer. It haa four MM. each
connecting with a lot In the rear.
PHYSICS OF THE SOIL WATEri
Finer the Soil Particles Greater tha
Number of Pore Spaoee and (treat-
r Amount of Moisture,
As soil Is composed of email places,
of rofli It Is evident that the eoll par
ticles do not occupy all of the space
in tho volume. Into the pore spncea
left between the toll grains the water
finds Its way, and the amount of wi
ter tho soil will contain depends upon
tho number of pore spaces left be
tween the soil grains, writes H. H4
Stonor of Hydo County, 8. D., In thai
American Agriculturist. The finer thai
soil particles the greater the numbed
of pore spaces and the greater amount!
of water it will hold.
Pore spaces In the average western,
soil represent from 80 to SO per cent
of Its volume. This means that the;
soil v.111 hold 80 to 60 per cent, of lta
volume of water. In a. dry soil thai
pore spneos are filled with air, and tha
application of water drives out tha atri
and fills tho spaces with water. When
the poro spacoe are full the soil Is sat
urated. Saturated soil oannot drain,
ItsoU dry. There will be left behlnfl!
around overy soil particle a thin film
of water which the power of gravita
tion cannot remove. This Is known aa
hydroscopic water. Upon this mols-.
turn the roots of plants depond for
food and water
Capillary water Is removed in two,
ways: First, by the action of plant!
roots; second, by means of evapora
tion, As the capillary water from thai
soil U evaporated the surface tension
of the water tends -to approximate tha
eoll particles until by the time all ol
the capillary water la removed the aoQ
particles have been brought wlthta
ooheMvo relationship. Thla oausaa thai
soil to shrink la volume, and tha par
tides being now brought within clos
relationship with each the power
cohesion acts between thorn. Wat
readily pathos from one soil (rain ti
another. This has bean Incorrectly)
called capillarity. '
It Is not because capillary tubal are)
formedln a crushed soil that water
is lost ny capillarity. Tho soil grains
during tha drying process hare beon
bo closely approximated to each other
that tho dry soil grains steal the wa-
ter from the moist ones below and
carry It in a stream from one soil,
particlo to another until It finally!
reaches the uppermost ono. Then itl
Is carried off Into the air by evapora-,
(ton, If a soil that has been subjected!
to the drying and contracting process;
be stirred with any Implement the1,
soil particles will be separated so far,
apart that they will He beyond coi
boslve ranges of each other. In such
a soil It Is almost impossible for wa-j
ter to travol from one soil grain to!
anothor for tho power of the dustj
mulch. In this caao the water rises,
by capillarity from the moist eoll be-!
low until It comes In contact wtthj
tho dry, looso and separated pr.rticlea,
of the mulch, whoro It is diverted fronaj
lta upward courso.
Qeod cowa make dairying Interest
The best feed for the dairy cow la
bran and aborts.
Pure water Is essential for the cow'a
health and for the purity of the milk.
The growth of tho dairy buslneea
has bei a phenomenal in the last few
If you want your oream to stay
aweet long, cool it down promptly and
keep It cool.
Tho averago cow mllka well until
she Is olght years old, or about six
The feed of a dairy cow Is a very,
Important matter, and cowa, like men,
relish a variety of foods.
The community cow testing asiocla
tlon la a good thing, but It la not aaj
good aa the farmer doing hla own test
ing. The bull Is half the herd and more,
Milk is easiest separated aoon after
milking, before It haa had a chance ta
The dairy cow will produce many,
tlmea her own weight In rnllk eaoh
year and bring a return of 100 pen
cent, on her cost annually, In very)
If a farmor haa a fine cow ho will
take as much pleasure in milking and;
caring for her as he does la feeding
ana. grooming a good horse.
Thay Never Ceme lack,
"four things come not back to a
man or woman: the aped arrow; the"
spoken word: the past lite; and tfao'
neglected opportunity;" "Taa Oralf""
Aaiulet" 1)7 Maud Utvqr.