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Farmers ' Champion
Successor to Indiahoma Champion
ELGIN, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 16, 1913
D. E. McAnaw
Dealers in . . .
All Kinds of
Grain, Cotton, Coal.
Best Mexico Coal
$7 a Ton
The Bank That Accommodates
Bank of Elgin
If you are not already our customer, open an
account without delay.
A. L. McPHerson, Pros. 0. A. McPherson, V. T.
E. McPherson, Cashier.
: : : : : : : : : : .m..j.m
J. P. KENNEMUR
. . . For the Very ..."
First Door West of
Fine Kitchen Cabinet Given Away
Winter Months on the Farm
Feeding for Milk
Keeping the Diirjr Metd Up lo t!,o
Maximum Production ia Cold Weather
By PROF. G. C. HUMPHREY
H'hcorun Cottegt 0 .tgrlcuhun
CoprrUht. 1010. br Wcttatn Nempaptr Union
It la eaay to make cowb give an
abundant flow of milk In spring and
summer wheu pasturos nro luxuriant
i.i(l tho daya warm, but In tho severe
w'titer months the greatpat Bklll of tho
feeder Is demanded to keep up tho pro
duction of tho dairy herd. Dy buying
plenty of expensive feeds It is possible
to do this, but that removes the profits
nnd the problom Is, how to got a largo
production of milk torn on economical
system of feeding.
Many dutrjnien mako a great mis
tako in not keeping enough grain and
rt i.;!iW) to carry their hards through
thn winter. Instead they sell grain
and roughngo In largo amounts nnd
as n result! And themselves handl
cappod for feed boforo spring pasturo
is nvnllahlo. Unless a man grows
enormoui crops, thl? salo of farm prod
uct In Its original form not only robs
the soil of fertility but alno Is a false
economy, for tho reason that In lato
winter the farmer hns to buy feed at
high prices when the supply is scarce
or has to sell his cattle because of
lack of feed for them.
Much wiser is the' dairy farmer,
who Alls his feed bins and his silo or
his root cellar and feed their con
tents! to his herd during the winter.
Ho markets his produco in tho form
of milk nnd besides realizing a good
profit from It also has the use of the
munure from tho herd to return to his
fields. A money valno Is realised
from tho grains and also a fertilizing
grain ration consists of wheat bran
3 parts, oats 3 purts, corn meal t
parts, and distillers' grains 2 parti.
Whoro tho tow requites variation In
her feed small amounts of dried brew
ers gralus or oil meal uro uBcd occa
Prof. W. A. Henry speaks as fol
lows regarding troso feeds; "Wheat
bran is especially valuable due to Its
laxntivo properties It furnishes bulk
and plenty of prutolr. and ash so es
sential In milk formation. The com
bination of bran and corn meal Is not
excelled nB a dairy food. The bulk
of tho oat though carrying little nu
triment renders this grain a feed of
light character which Is easily di
gestible. Oats contnln a higher pro
portion of digestible protein than corn
or wheut. This grain In itself Is a
well-balanced ration Corn meal Is a
heavy, rich feed and should always be
lightened or extended by the use of
bran, shorts, oil meal or some other
feed of light character."
Feeding experiments prove that
dried distillers' grains ore more valu
able than oata as a feed for the dairy
herd. Cows are fond of brewers
grains and their use Influences a good
milk flow. Because of tho sloppy
character of wet brewers grains they
should be supplemented by some dry
feed In the winter ration.
Oil meal is a very healthful teed
and brings the animals Into good con
dition, with pliable skins andolly
Careful mixing of feeds aulted to the Individual needs of each cow Is the
secret of successful feeding for milk. This feed car makes the mixing
of rations an easy matter.
SETTING TREES IN ORCHARDS
The diagrams show the economy of
pace In arranging trees in hexagonal
stylo as compared with the square
nethod. Dy this awn the trees are
distributed so aa to use the space
much more evenly though It ls"not so
convenient for cultivation between the
rows of trees.
devised Political Maxim.
A government of the people for do
ing the people by consent of the
What Would Happen T
Uncle Ezra says; "I dunno what
would happen to the av'rldge van ef
ao ouco ijot bis work alLdone up."
WHEAT ON DRY FARM
Btuostcm and Fife Varieties ol
Hard Spring Unsafe.
Durum, Introduced From Southeastern
ftur-sla Where Rainfall Is Light,
Adapted to Climate of West
tern Plains Area.
, fn a large part of the dry farming
territory the blucstem and fife varie
ties of hard spring wheats are very
unsafe cropB. Where broad wheats"
ran be grown, tho Red Fife, selected
strains known aa Johnson's Fife,
Oolden Fife, etc., aro good yleldora;
nnd tho borry Is usually plump nnd
hard. Tho miliars, however, have
placed theso vailetles In a market
class designated ns velvet chaff, and
the pilco Ib a few cenU lower per
bunhol than the blucstom varieties
bring. Theso latter Include both
benrdod and 'bald types, writes Man
ley Champlln In the Farmer and
Htecdor. The variety knovrn as pedi
greed blucstem has glvtl good re
sults at the Hlghmoro Substation aa
reported In Dulletln 1 16 of the South
Dakota Experiment station. This sta
tion Is situated near the eastern bor
der of the dry farming bolt.
Very little winter wheat la grown
at present, but Itn early ripening and
good quality and yield of grain aia
Intoioatlng many of the progressive
farmers who have obtained some very,
good results. The Minnesota station1
advises Its use only sparingly. Five
acres Is considered enough to start
with. If It proves to be well suited
to your conditions tho acreage can be.
Increased. Thcro Is danger of win test'
killing, and too much dependence;
should not be placed on this crop.
Turkey Red and Khatkov are the comi
merclal varieties grown. J
t Where bread wheat Is grown wit
difficulty, Nature comes to the "fa
cuo with the hard macaroni or durum
wheats. Until very recently there waa,
difficulty In marketing this class of
wheat nnd cvon today Ue prlco Is 10
lo 20 per cent lower than for hard
spring wheats of the bread varieties.
This fact Is probably due to tho Amer
ican love of white broad. The durum
wheat flour makes a palatablo, nutri
tious bread, but the yellow color baa'
been Inveighed against by fastidious
rufltom. Dulletln No. 8 of the bureau
of plant Industry gives an Interesting
history of the trials the durum wheal
grower has had to overcome, aa well'
as ndvlcn as to how to plant, etc.
These wheats were Introduced from
southeastern Russia, where the rain
fall la light and the changes of t?m
pnrature severe. They are, therefore,
adapted to the climate of the western
In describing the characteristics ol
macaroni or durum wheat Mr. M. A,,
Carlton says in the above mentioned
bulletin: "The wheats of this gtoup
grow rather tall nnd have stems that
are either pithy within or hollow. , . .
The leaves are usually broad and
smooth, but have a peculiar whitish'
green color and possess an extremely
harsh cuticle. The heads aro com
paratlvely slender In most vnrletles,
compactly formed, occasionally very
short, and are always bearded with
tho longest beards known to wheat."
The peoullar ability of the durum
wheats to resist drought and severe
changes of temperature aa well aa
their early ripening qualities and high
yielding capacity make, them espe
cially fitted for the needs of the dry
farmer. Here Is a money crop of
which ho Ib practically sure. The
yields vary from 10 to 35 bushels per
acre. The Kubanka and Arnautka va
rieties have given the best results la
Emraor Is widely grown m a sub
stitute feod grain where oata are aa
uncertain crop. It has not the feed
ing valuo of oats, but when ground
makes n fairly good feod for any farm
stock. The chaff clings to the grain
when threshed, thus giving the crop
great bulk. Thore is not an entabtlch
ed market and farmer's rarely grow
more than enough for their own feed.
The yields vary from 20 to 90 bushels,
80 being considered a fair yield. Em
met1 Is commonly called spelts.
"If you're one of those aggravating1
persons that make everybody else"
wear," says the Philosopher of Folly,
"you are guilty of profanity, though
you never uttered a cuts it ord is yaw