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Farmers' champion. (Elgin, Okla.) 1912-1922, January 23, 1913, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96087587/1913-01-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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Successor t6 Indiahoma Champiort
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Vol. 3
ELGIN, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 23, 1913
No. 14
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Farmers
Champion
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D. E. McAnaw
Lumber "V"
Compan 1
Dealers in . . .
All Kinds of
Building Material
Grain, Cotton, Coal.
Best Mexico Coal
$7 a Ton
.:55"5'5S'!"J x--:--:--:--x.--h--m-
The Bank That Accommodates
Bank of Elgin
Elgin, Oklahoma
Deposits Guaranteed
If you are not already our customer open an
account without delay.
A. LMcPherson, Pros. 0. A. McPheiison, V. P.
E. MgPhehson, Cashier.
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J. P. KENNEMUR
. . . For the Very . . .
Bargains in
GROCERIES
AND FURNITURE
EH
See Kennemur
Elgin, Oklahoma
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First Door West of
Post office
COMFORTABLE BUILDING TO
ACCOMMODATE HUNDRED HENS
More Important Features of Poultry- House Illustrated Art
.JJttovable Koontn, Automatic Ventilators and
Drop Curtain No
Bee f ArKffA
tint
rvm
I til
1 i
inuarf
Ksssm
Ground Plan of Poultry House, 12x34.
Key EK Movable roosta.
AA Drop curtains. F Dust bath.
HH Sitting hens. O Grit box.
CC Adjustable door. -IUI Feed aud wator.
DD Adjustable ventilator.
Tho accompanying plans Illustrate
a comfortable and convenient poultry
liouso to accommodate about one hun
dred fowls. The nioro Important fea
tures arc tho movnblu roosts, which
are more sanitary and more easily
cleaned than the old-stylo roosts with
dropping boards, tho automatic ven
tilators, feeding ant watering rack,
and more especially tho drop curtain
nesting system, by which noat ca
pacity Is doubled whon setting tlruo
comes. Tho slides or curtains AA aro
set back In grooves at Dl), tho pet
ting hen Is thus shut off from tho re
mainder of tho flock, but Htlll hns an
opportunity of feeding and exercising
as her nest opens out Into the alloy-
A SURE CROP YIELDER
MIlo a Dry Land Crop Which Never
Falls
MIlo Is n tho surest yielding grain
crop that Is grown In Eastern Colo
rado, Western Kansas and Oklahoma,
tho Panhandle of Texas anil Eastern
Now Mexico.
Tho U. S. Department of Agrlcul
turo reports the average yield for flvo
yenrs at Amnrlllo, Texas, and other
dry land experiment stations nt forty
bushels of grain per aero a year,
runners In the samo sections report
yields of thirty to eighty bushels an
acre.
A bushel of mllo will produce from
4 Plant Some Okra
If you hnveu't planted okra yot,
4 put in it fow hills now. It Is at
Its best when other fresh vogo-
tables aro about gouu In tho fall.
Some persons may not enjoy tho 4
flavor of okra at first, but after
eating It a fow times a tasto for
It is acquired. Tho young, tender
! pods niUHt be used, and keep 4
them well picked In ordor that 4
the plants may not become ox-
haunted by the maturing of tho $
seed, and the pndB will continue
4 to bo produced until lata In the
4- fall.
Okra boiled until tender In a
4 small amount of wntcr and 4
4 dressed with n generous nllow-
4 anco of butter, and seasoned with
palt and peppor Is very good. 4"
Many liko vinegar served with It.
Tho cold boiled okra dressed 4
' with vinegar, salt, and popper
! makes n delightful cooling sum- 4
V mor salad.
4 4444.44444
Overdoing It.
Soma pooplo think so earnestly of
the rainy dny that they never soo the
lun. shine.
Prejudloet.
We can forgive any man-hls preju
dicesprovided they ' don't conflict
with ourn. Lit"- . .
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way. A nest Is still left for the laying
hens, as Indicated on section plan.
The alloy affords room for Incubators
and brooderB, where tho feed bins are
conveniently located near tho wator
troughs, writes Ilonton Stculu In tho
Farmers' Mall and nroezo. Scratch
ing room Is provided with dust bath
and grit or feed trough as Indicated.
Tho bouse should fc to tho seuth
and havo nn abundanco of light and
ventilation. All Is arranged so that
no obstructions nro In tho way of
speedy denning and complicated cor
ners for trnsh aro dlsponEed with. All
partitions should bo of wire, tho floor
of cement, and the walla lathed and
plastered.
LARGER CROP ON RICH SOIL
Startling Statement-Made by Dr. WldV
koe In Paper Prepared for Dry
Farm Congrats.
A plant trowing on a rich soli can
make twice as much growth with a
given nmount of wator as a plant grow
ing on a poor soil. That was tho
startling ntntoment mado by Dr.
Wldtsoo of Utah In a paper prepared
for tho Dry Farming congross. Ho
cited an experiment. Corn required 008
pounds of wator to produce ono pound
dry mattor; when tho same field was
manured It required but 012 pounds
In other words, tho field when ma
nured could produce a third more. He
secured similar results by cultivation.
Stirring tho soil enervated plant food
it Beems to bo a good deal like the
reeults that might bo expected from
feeding a man thin or thick soup.
These facts aro Important to tho dry
farmer; but alBO to the humid region
farmer aud to the Irrigator,
POULTRY NOTES.
When you buy your Incubator, buy
two hroodors and If you can, three
of them.
Tho early maturing pullet makes
the best ben to breed an egg laying
strain from.
Whon ducks nro raised fur breed
ers It Is a practice to set ducks upon
tholr own eggs.
Fine grit t ml charcoal aro mighty
good to havo around easy of access
for tho chickens.
Tho ventilation of the roosting
quarters should come from the scratch
ing shod it possible.
Sell all the old scrub fowls and put
the mouoy Into puro bred roosters
no matter If you da have to pay froin
1C to $2.5.
To Induce' Sleep '
Sleeplessness Is the greatest men
aco tbat tlrod or overwrought norves
havo for beauty and health., Sleop
may bo Induced by warm milk sipped
slowly, or, If this Is"1 Ineffective, by
long drafts of cool water and a cold
bandage ti round the-brow,
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ntyeu
ECONOMY IN
FENCE POSTS
Careful Selection of Wood aae!
PronorvnUvo Treatment Savn
Time nnd Money Aver I
so cost ana Lire.
(By JOHN a. flCltAKFrctt)
It has boon ontlmatcd by the U. S.'
department of agriculture) that the
fnrmcrs of tho single stute of Iowa
use every year 11,400,000 worth of new
fence posts, which cost the equivalent
of $600,000 foi setting them In Ida
ground. Without doubt n part ot this1
expendlturo might bo saved.
The opportunity for economy la
found, first. In using the kinds ot posts
which, taking into account both cost
and durability, aro cheapest In the
long run, and, secondly, by treating
tho posts to prevent decay. When a
fanner sots n post which will" have eV
comparatively short life, he loses not
only thiouglUiavlng to buy a new post,
but also because of tho additional la
bor Involved In setting It. It Is true-'
that In both cases no money outlay
mny bo Involved, for ho may sot the
posts himself, after getting them from,
bis own wood 1 t. Of the posts used
last year In Iown, 70 per cent., It Is es
timated, wcro grown on the farm
whore (hoy wero used, or were ob.
tallied from other farmers or wood lot
owiuT8, and only 30 per cent. werW
bought from lum'tor dealors, Never
thclcsa, tho farmer Is out his labor
and tho part of tho product of hie
wood lot which Is used up, even though
ho does not pay out any cash.
Tho averago life ot a fence post lit
stated to bo fourteon years, aud th
average cost 13.7 cents. There ?, how
ever, greater difference In the lasting
properties of different woods. ObRgni
nnineo lasts moro than (Ke tlises as
long as willow, and for length ot ser
vice It heads the list of post timbers
In the state. The comparative. 11X9,
of othor posts Is shown In the ftntdw '
Ing list, ranging from tho lenestjl
period to tho shortest: Red cedari IcA ' '"
oust, white oak, northern white cedan
(or arborvitae) cataipa, blaok walnut,
butternut, rod oak and willow.
The nveruge cost of posts varies)
for different woods, and for tho samsi
woods in different localities. Red cedai;
Is tnoBt exponslve, at an avorage of
26 cents each, and willow tho cheap
est, at six cents.
Taklug Into consideration the time a
post will last, and tbo cost ot buying
It and sotting It In tho ground, the
conclusion must bo drawn tbat the
osage orange post Is tho most econom
ical In Iowa, followod by white oak.
locust, catnlpa, rod eedar, black wal
nut, butternut, willow, whlto codar and
rod onk, In tbo order named. v
Comparatively fow posts of gome of
thoso woods nro used. Cataipa and
butternut together do not constitute
one por cent., while whlto oak oxcoeds
fnrty per cent. From white onk, the
highest, tho numbers used rango down
in tho following ordor: White cedar,
osage, orango, red cedar, willow, black
walnut, locust, butternut, and cataipa,
A few posts are cut from other woods.
Preservative treatment Increases the
llfo of all wooden posts and more than
doubles the period of usefulness of
thoso which nto mostly sapwood. The
12,000,000 spent yarly by Iowa farmore'
In buying and sotting fence posts?
might bo materially lessened by put
ting Into practlco the well-known meth
ods of wood preservation. It costs'
much less to treat a post than to buy'
a now one and sot It In the ground;
and In addition much wood could be'
saved for other purposes. The depart
ment of agriculture has made a special"
study of practical methods ot preserv-'
Ing farm timbers, s6 tbat It Is ablo to
Inform Interested Inquirers how to dc
this for themselves.
May Teach Monkeys to Talk.
Tho monkey la not only more In
telligent than the parrot, but Is even'
ntoro Imitative. It Is (excepting man)
tho only creature On earth that Is
capable of artlculuie speech. Prof.
Doll believes that npbs can be taught,
at nil ovents, to say a few words
at first by manipulation of their
mouths and throats, ob Is done with
the deaf born. We may Itvo, hu thinks,
to hear chimpanzees talk, and with
some degree ot understanding of their'
own remarks.
Strange, lut True.
" 'Tis a strunge thing whin ye como
to thluk Iv It, that th' lees money ' a.
man gits f'r bis wurruk the more nloa
6'ry It Is to th' wurruld Unit ho'ahuOJ
go on wurrkin'." "Mr. Doolty Mfty."
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