Newspaper Page Text
SJJJTEI.VgLY $5; "WEES!' $3
. IV. SKIT. A.t.Cf. TH0.C4tLtll. t.f.,0tm.
SmiTH, CA31P& CO., Proprietors. ;
tf. EY. S30TH and TEA p. JQXES- Editor..
Office ft o. IS, , , , , . Dead-rlok Street.
.... Public aalea of land "will be hell at the fol
lowing turned Lund Offices,' in thefState of Iowa,
coaimeQcia on Mondsy, the 4th of May next :
- AT OSAGE, FOR THE "ATr OF
Townships 99 nd 100. of nn, in n 1 vi.i.
. . . . "Hill 1 1 1 VII.
9 9. anl 1V),
It, Howard eo.
do IN, S9. and loo,
do 9:1, and 0, .
do P!, anl 1(K,
do 1(9, and lit),
do I'm, m
do 1((, H
d PS and lfK,
do , Q or., and 97, "
o 9s, 9, and 10,1,
12, - do
11, t do , ,
14. - do '
L Mitchell eo.
21, Worth eo. '
23 Wlnneba Co.
84. Wfnneaeo eo.
AT FORT DOnfJE, FOR THB fAT.E OF
Township (11 (M.36, aod 87,of RsDge 2 Hancock eo.
do 99, and Km, " 2 Winnebago co.
do 94, p., 5. and 97, ' r'S.'HsnencA o.
x. do 9S, 99, n4 loo, off, xxinn-haro eo.
do 84, BS, and iCJ, - 27. Kossuth co.
do Jwti, do
do MO, - 29, in
AT flOCX CITY, FOR THE FALE OF
of Range 84, Palo Altu CO.
do 94, and 95,
do ?, and 97,
do PA ml 97,
do 97, '
do !K and 97,
do 9 and 9,
do 9 and 9(5
89, O'Brien co.
43, Sioox eo.
47, ' do
Wracii-jnaltpi. 64 u(j 9 u
The ofiYriDj; of the above
ri!l commerce on the
dat n .1 .,i ... . .
- - rt,.,,CU BIIU W proceea ln the orfjer Q
which they are advertised, 01. til the whole rhall
have been offered; bat no rale will be kept open
longer than two weeks, and no prime entry of any
of the lands will be admitted until afier the eipi
ration of two weeks.
.... The Rochester Union ays it learns from n
private eoarce that the lion. O. B. Mattcson is not
expected to recover from the attack of the rat epU
d -mic from which he was f uffering when he return
i to Ut'ca r n WasJ-i igton.
.... An iron comb about four inches long, wit")
the lett.-rs G. Washington forming the lop, has bee j
picked up in Chester connty. The West Cbesti I
' Republican soys: "Very likely this comb belong. I
to the age when Washington and his army were )
Vall. y Fo-g. It may have been Lis own, or
may be of the kind furniehe-i to the soldiers. It i '
curious old r lie that our illustrated cewfpapeil
should get a picture of. One thing is certain, it w
found along a rojd where Washington was frt
queDtly seen to ride when at Vallev Forze."
..... A story is toll of Mr. Marcy, (says the Wan
reoton Flag,) to the effect that, as ex-Seeretarie
Guthrie an.J Marcy were returning from a dinnef
party, eince the 4th, the con vers ton turned upon
the subject of roUtibn'in oflic, and Mr. G. asked
Mr. M. what he thought of the policy. Mr. Marc
- replied that he "had got the crcd:t of originatiu 1
the doctrine 'to the victors belong the epoilp,' bu i
Heaven forbid (hut he should ever countenance th t
pillaging of our own camp !"
In Scotland it is proposed to Gl out steamy
ers instead of ships to engage in the whale trade.
Iti but three or four years since the bomb has been
in use; this caves much trouble and many lives
After the harpoons and liues are once attached 1 1
him, the whale is latally wounded, if not literall
blown to pieces, by the expulsion of gunpowder h
the deep wound made by the lance. Now it is pn
posed to employ steam in the pursuit, which it i.
thought will pay largely, eg so much more of th
urfaceof the ocean can be scoured in qujst of thepii
and when once perceived they will rarely 4scape.
.... Alice Carey, in an cbj ay on "insincerity,'
eajs: 'If our neighbor kisses our cheek, wemai
nferio ninety-nine cases out of a hundred that li
will bite our back aa we turn about." The iul .
flitters are ours. Seems to u, Alice, "ninety nine c. ;
ses" amount to a pretty extensive range of kissin
for one woman considering the sex of your"ntil'
.... The Natche z Frte Trader of the 26th nit,
ays: 'We regret to learn tht Gen. Quitman is
'confined to lis bed with serious indispo.-iiion. Be
fore leaving for Washington his house fell, ii jurin?
him, as he thought only temporarily; but after
reachin? Wasl.iogton he found that the injury was
greater than lie firct imagined. During the whole
of It session lm labored under the injuries pro
duced by tliis fall, and now, we are sorry to say, is
confined to hi room. We know that ev. ry Missis
sippian, and true hearts every where in the South,
will nuite i;,h us in wishing him a speedy recov
'rjr, The times, both present and prospective, de
tnacd that the solJier-Hatesman should have In feet
and anus in the ondijan to cirry out the dictates
of his noble spirit. H
.... In Natchitoches, Lv, t short time since, Mr.
Ouaiioe Trevor was shot and killed by Benjimio
Lafitte, wbo was arrested and committed for trial.
... .The fiiends of Jeff. DavU in Vicksborg are
preparing fcr his rcc(ptionf and iutend to give him
a puMic dinner.
.... Br sn act of the lat Congres, tSe Secreta
ry or War was authorii-d to sell th grounds and
buil lings belonging to the U. & MiliUry Asylum
at H.rrodsharg, Ky. They have been found not to
be well aJapted for an institution of the kind, and
'entirely too expensive the annual amount requir
ed for each soldier having been f 580. The liar.
rodi.urg Pioughboy hopes to seethe place again
'cooverted into a f ishionsble watering place.
.... The New York Sun of tho 26th ult., ys:
"fhe ship Southampton, chartered by Messrs.
llowea & Cashing, to convey a magnificeut circus
( company, with their appjndagcs, to England, sail
ed ytblerd ly morning. It is intended to travel !q
the principal cities of Europe, and be gone three
'years. - A splendid organ, pliced on wheels, and
to be drawo by 'forty tTeam-rtl wed horses, will
- make a part of the show. About twenty -five of the
most talented eq-jntrim n Jen in the country, of
both sexes, have been selected, together with some
of the best ring performers. A compan.T'of Indians,
tnal aud f mah', from the Cattaraugus reservation,
(obtained in the place of a lot of Rocky Mountain
Ioditns who r.ifusjd, after engaging, to proceed,)
will al-o form p!rtof the establishment. They i:l
be traiuej In ihe war danc; and otherwise portray
aboriginal life. Splendid apparel has been obtained
fr th-in. The wh jj cost nf tlte enterprise will
' fall, it Is naid, but little short of 1 100,000, and the
proprietors hare the fullrs: cjnfiJcnceof ia auc-'ces.-."
.... The VkksSurg IPJ.'y of the 27th alt. aays:
We are sorry to hear that the levee near Hard
Tiiurs Urn i tg, in the parbh of Tensas, has given
way fr about seventy yards. We learn that 110
efforts ra bting maJs to stop it, but fiat thoae in
terenteJ Mr oa the fall ia the river ti reliert them
.... A bri Igs to coit f 3i,000 is to be built over
the Mi-souri at Flreuce, N'brfk, a few rallea
abova ti O naha, and some t ight hundred (rout,
the M:sl'pp. It U the first and only point la tie
distance of more than a tliouaaud miles where
thrrj is any ro ky bottom.
.... The remains of HughS. Legare, Eqr , of.
South Carolina, the able advocate, profound scholar,
distiuiiuialieJ jjriat and patriot statesman, now re
poe at Mount Auburn Cemetery, Boston, without
.:. UtNl o nnrk the spju The editor of the
Charleston Courier, after iut resting Lima. If to dis
cover their restiuj p'ace, (iboulwhkh there srems
" to have been some dou't.) has opened a l.at at Lit
office for atitst"l;'Uoii from all a ho desire to cin
tribute to ike reeioa of a suhabl inouuuteut over
the grave ol lite illustrious Caro'iuian.
.... The Waoliintia corresjwndent of the N.
Y. Ti xa savi tint liaii." Cm bas e.ublirUJ a rule
with th fjrei'n Ministers which will have lie effect
Of relieving Lim of son.e uuuyance. lleretofjre,
they have 1 srty 1 ht 1 the tntrtt at the Peparliuf tit
of nt-j thu eiclusioa f othsr vbitora. lie rt
qrrd :':e(ii, b. l irebeio ad.tiiud loan Ictervitw,
t . r i r.i t ii:t'i, und f.te, at the came, tie
,4C.al bi'jcLt U 1J tti.aiJe0i. , , ; v
THTJIlSDAYr APSIL 21357.J
Sir. Itcl I'm Speeeh-Jutlec to all. . ,
AVe this morning conclude the' publica
tion of the Speech of the Hon. Jobs Belt,
delivered in the TJ. S. Senate upon the in
troduction of a Bill by him " to secure to
"all the States some greater rneasare of jus
tice arid eqnalit in the disposition of the
public lands and ' their proceeds. " It is
the offspring of a preat mind npori a sub-'
ject of. considerable moment to the public
interest, especially to the old Stales. We
laid the Bill itself before onr readers a few
days since, and invited their careful atten
tion to its provisions. ;We now renew the
Invitation to a careful perusal and consider
ation of the reasons which impelled Mr.
Beix to brin forward his Bill. We ven
tured, a few days ago, to express the hope
that the provisions of the Bill would meet
the approbation of the people penerally,
without regard to their party predilections.
For our part, we should have been grati
fied to have'given our hearty sopport to
snch a measure, no matter with what party
or with what individual It might have orig
inated. There are many measures of gov
ernmental economy about which there is
room for wide differences of opinion; but
there are certain measures of justice and
equality about which we can see no ground
for dispute or cavil. This is one of them.
That all the States of the Union should be
placed upon a footing of perfect equality,
in the distribution of gratuities by the gen
eral government, is a principle, which, it
seems to us, ought to command the appro
val of every one.
But the Union & American of yesterday
dispels the hope we had entertained. It
opposes the Bill, and seeks to inculcate the
idea, that it is about the same as the old
Whig land distribution doctrine, and the
exploded distribution measures ofl841.
This we think unfair, as the sole object of
this Bill is to perform an act of justice to
the States of the Union which have never
received donations for internal improve
ments. This is to be done by appropria
tions from the federal treasurv, without re
gard to the source from which the money
is derived; and withont regard to the rela
tive amount required for this purpose, and
the amount arising from the sales of the
public lands. ' The old Whig doctrine, on
the other hand, was to set apart the entire
proceeds of the sales of the public lands as
an independent fund, not to be used in the
current expenditures of the government,
but to be distributed in a certain propor
tion among all the States. According to
this view, the general government had no
further concern with, or power over this
fund than that of a naked trustee. It was
a trust fund received into the U. S. Treas
ury, for the benefit of all the States. The
two measures are diverse in principle and
unlike in operation, the subject matter alone,
being the same.
The Union American is equally unfair
in its representation of the argument of Mr.
Bell, and of his position on the general
subject. That paper strives to make the
impression that Mr. Bell's main object was
to "deplete the treasury" that the reduc
tion of the tariff a few days after he made
his speech, was amply sufficient to that
end, and therefore the object of the Bill
was met in another way. We understand
the purpose of Mr. Bell to be, wnat the
title of his bill purports; to secure to all
the states justice and cqnality in the dispo
sition of the public lands. In his argument,
in order to show that no inconvenience
would arise from the necessary appropria
tions, he referred to the fact, that the
treasury was, at the timeoverflowiug and
needed depletion. But so far from deple
tion being the object of the Bill or its au
thor, there is not a word said of depletion
either in the bill itself or in its titla, That
paper also strives to convict Mr. Bell of
inconsistency in voting away lands for rail
road purposes, and then turning about and
complaining of that sort of- disposition of
the public lands. We do not so understand
ur able Senator. He voted for many of the
land bills; he docs not now complain of that,
indeed he makes no complaint of it; but says
that, while he is doing this,for other States,
he thinks those States not receiving lands
in kind, should receive their equivalent in
money, lie does not inveigh against the
policy of the government, in granting land
to States for . internal improvements; he
thinks this is proper enough, so long as
there is no injustice done to auy member of
the Confederacy. This t3 merely asserting
a principle which forms the basis, the
ground work of our republican .Union, that
of social and political equality. We cannot
see how our neighbors can object to this.
It is the ostensible doctrine, for which they
are always professing to contend. Will
you RacriGce justice for the sake of appa
rent party policy ? Will you allow yonr
hostility to Mr. Bell to deprive you of the
power to choose between right and wrong?
Kentucky, taking the lead of Tennessee,
has established a Normal School for the
education of teachers. We lcara that there
are'more than two hundred pupils in atten
dance. Additional instructors are to be
provided for the next session. . i 't
. We liopo most fervently that the next
Legislature of Tennessee will provide for
the inauguration of this system iu our State.
1 -I hi Mi
We have on hand a number of com
munications all of which will be attended to
in due eaioo. . ,
f-gr C1. Benton eys of Gen. Cass, in aTtubo
to tu'i great aj for an o!Bc-holJr (74 year,)
"when be was a y un uu, be thought biratelf old
enough f'r any olfiei. and now that he wesauoM
tDsn,"he thought he was young en-wgh."
57- A yoting gentleman la New York, named
Hunt, h takn t.ptt himself tLeJyol testing
tU leg.ht of practice, at pUc of a ausemeut,
ol selling UkHs for aeata alur H coue it filie I,
and there are 00 noct-upied. Tbe case tu
umod op by the C Jansel, and att ran able charge
I rota Ue Juatiee. ImareanioH il'ein t, the great
treporMiic of the quesuoo W tUo pwbiie, the jry
retire d, and in a short time n-turued with verdict
f jr tbe jlaiuuU with full covs. . . '
53f"The editor of an Alttatua pp-?r dvles that
we and a"tU( r iu litulual wi . 1 iu he nu e, " mrrt
n-ta the fi li l honi a d fll.t wh hi rt (t .
If ee inuH a ;-itri in Such an ufT r, we sail
b g tti we u( ue Alabama itUur fur tie ocvaova.
; . t , , . 1 . i . t v X
, or TUB
, HON. JOHN BELL, OF TENNESSEE,
OS THE "
Ditpotilion of the Public Lands.
Delivered in the TJ. S. Senate, Feb. 27th' and 2Sth.
' . , OONOLPDBP.
I propose now, sir, to trace briefly the history of
the policy of granting lands to aid in the construc
tion of railroads to the new States. The first granU
were made with some limitations, which now appear
to be disregarded. It was conceded that no such
grant3 should be made but to such roads as, by their
connection with other roads, or with water commu
nications, canals, lakes, or riversj would be of gen
eral convenience and utility to the commerce of
Large sections or of the whole country, clothing
them with the attribute of a national road or high-.,
way; and no grant was held to be proper to aid in
..the construction tf roada merely for local advant-
asref, ana to ocneht local, trade and intercourse. .
We have mow-lost sight of that consideration in
making, these . donations.. No gentleman of the
strictest sect of political Pharisees in this country '
now interposes any objection, on that score, or in
quires whether the road proposed to be aided is na
tional, or ia to be constructed for merely district or
local purpose'- ' " " '
Again ; when the question was pressed, six years
ago, why not grant lund to the old States through
which these great national roads run, as well as to
that portion of them which passes through the new
States? the representatives of the land States im
mediately said, " No, we will never concede the
principle that the lands shall be appropriated to auy -object
of public improvement, or to any part or por
tion of a road which does not lie within the limits
of our own States." And this pretension, thus set
up by the new States, was yielded ta J make this
statement particularly in reference to the grant for
the Chicago and Mobile railroad. When a propo
sition was made to give the benefits of that grant
to all the States through which the road ran, the
whole ot what is called the States-rights party in
this body took the position that, under the Consti
tution, we had no right to make these grants of
land, on any other ground than that they would en
hance the valueof the public domain; assuming and
urging that we had the constitutional right to exer
cise the policy pursued by every private landholder
in the country, in making, improvements on a part
of it that we might sell the remainder to greater
aavantage. bo nara run were the sticklers tor a
strict construction of tbe powers of Congress over
the public domain, that they had to plant themselves
on that principle to justify their vote for these do
nations. But they would make no grant to the States
which had no public lands. -
The idea of having the constitutions! power to
exercise all the rights of a private landholder in.
managing the public domain was a singular one, at
least, for a States-rights man to embrace ; but it was
at best rather a pretext than a bona fide avowal of
a principle. There was, at least, but little sub
stance in it. It was not, in fact, well grounded in
respect to the large grant to the Srate of Illinois,
which was the pioneer of all the grants made to aid
in the construction of railroads ; but it answered the
purpose of a loop-hole, through which those who
desired to be governed in their policy on all ques
tions by a strict and rigid construction of the Con
stitution could escape.
My friend frcm Michigan Mr. Stuart must allow
me to make another remark in relation to the Min
nesota grant. This bill was passed the other day
without any inquiry into its effect on the public do
main of the United States. The strictest construc
tionists in this House permitted the bill to pass tub
tilentio, contenting themselves with calling for the
yeas and nays, and voting against it. In that case
the question of benefit to the domain was wholly
disregarded; no inquiry was made in relation to it;
no inquiry was made as to the effect on the reserv
ed alternate sections. I have not examined the de
tails of that bill, and my friend from Michigan will
correct me if I am wrong in my views in regard to
it; but I understand that it grants lands in aid of
the construction of four roads running nearly upon
paiallel lines through the Territory, and in some
parts of them running within twenty miles of each
other. So I am informed. To say that it is import
ant to make these grants on the principle that they
enhance the public domain, is virtually and substan
tially thrown aside. Then we have no check for
these grants in the future, and that pretext cannot
avail any longer for denying grants of public lands
to the other States of the Union.
I maintain that it was a delusion, a pretext, in
the case of the Illinois grant. All the speeches I
heard here on that subject, as well as the notices I
have seen taken in the public journals of the coun
try, vindicated that large grant to Illinois on the
ground that the grant, in that case amounting to
three millions of acres, penetrated, or rather inter
sected, a large body of prairie lands in the interior
of that State, which had been neglected, although
in the market for twenty or thirty years, and would
have the effect of making them marketable and
saleable, and thus bringing into the Treasury, in a
very few year, more money than it would have re
ceived in ten, or perhaps twenty years, without such
'grant. What was the fact? The gentleman who
projected that road, who perhaps controlled and in
fluenced the Legislature of Illinois, and who had
sufficient influence to carry the grant through Con
gress, brought it forward at the very moment of time
when private enterprise was about to penetrate and
intersect that long neglected region in the interior
of Illinois, by railroads running east and. west. I
do not know how many were projected of this de
scription; perhaps the Senator from Michigan can
Mr. Stuart. It is impossible for me to do so.
There is a large number of railroads in Illinois.
Mr. Bell, of Tennessee. I say that the project
was brought forward at the very moment when
private enterprise was about opening those lands
without the aid of any grant ot the public lands;
and thus, sir, the Government would have found a
ready market for all the public lands in the interior
of Illinois, had the Chicago and Cairo road never
been projected. It may be said, and perhaps with
truth, that the large grant to this Central road,
hastened its construction, and that the Government
was thereby enabled to derive a revenue from the
public lands in that particular region, sooner, by
some few years, than it coald have done by waiting
the construction of the roads projected to run east
and west. But the Government could well wait.
We did not want the money; and we now feel the
evil effects of hastening the sale of these lands in
our overflowing Treasury. I dwell upon facts, to
show that there is really nothing in the constitu
tional objection which has heretofore been urged
against donations of the public land to the old
States; or, at all events, that there is no real force
in the principle assumed as justification for making
such granU to the new States, ia exclusion of the
The Legislature of Illinois in that Instance acted,
perhaps, exactly as I should have recommended had
I been a member of that body when Congress was
so liberal as to make such a grant as that. We are
told that the Government of the United States has
no right to complain of the advantage derived from
this grant by Illinois and the company which con
structed the road, inasmuch as it received a full
equivalent, in the sales of the alternate sections,
for all the lands granted to that State. It is argued
that we got $2.50 an acre for what was left of the
alternate sections reserved on the line of the road.
We might have got that price for the whole of tho
land, if private enterprise had only been left to
build the roads through that region of country. The
Illinoi Central Railroad Company, instead of getting
$2.60 an acre, as I understand, has realized, or can
readily realize, from eight to twelve dollars per acre
ou an average of the lands granted by Congress.
But I make no complaint; I take no exception to
the large profits or advantages realized either by
Illinois or the railroad company, from this grant. I
allude to the r ubject of them to show how futile
and how groundless is the allegation that the Gov
ernment ia getting a full equivalent for these grar.ta.
The Stated Illinois, by the policy which she has
pursued, sceurea to herself seven per cent, of the
grosrt receipts of that road and its branches forever.
In conscience of that one grant, the peoplo of that
StaUi, aa root) as the present debt of the State shall
be paid off, will be released from taxation forever,
unless they conceive some great scheme for devel
oping the resources of their State, for which there
seems now to be no further need. They have all
the railroads they want. ' I presume the Legislatuie
of Iowa have adopted the same policy in regard to
the four roads running upon almost parallel lines
through that State, for which we granted land at
We can now see and appreciate the vast advan
tages which the- new States derive from this policy
of graming lands to aid in the construction of rail
road. The grants have been made a aource of
revenue to the Sutea to exempt the people of ihoM
Slate from Uxation for the support of their gov
ernment probably forever. These are great bvce
and e are continuing to bestow them without
aur adequate or correnpooduig bu&cfiu to the States,
whit h have no public domain.
No, with what reason, with whatjustice, ornpoq
what principle of the Constitution, can those gentle
men who are the representatives of new Slates ob
ject to what i proposed in the bill which 1 have
preaented? I mninuin that there is no reaaonable
or CJiiatituuonal ground of objection or hostility to
it, It due nol prejudice their right or claims in
aay respect. Etvn i&ooe a hose liberality aud bounty
eiieiiJ to ucw and yet unburn Territories cannot
object to it, because there ia no reaaoa to suppose
that the same policy will not be euutinued to be
pincUM.-d by the general Uoteroaieut toward theiu.
What d'.T my bill proj-oee? As I stated yete Jay,
I uiake no proportion having any rcUiio.i to itue
vtghiy auiiiiooe tf acre of huid giru to iL new
States including grant fur education, achooia, eo!
Kg'.', and miivrfi.Ut-4, swamp Ubdd, and li tert.al
.ii'proveiurdU of nauor hupwiu:ce.. I tale no
rwii.c of tboae eighty niilUone ia the etimste of
the amount if hv.d and money which wight be
ia r!y claimed by the t4i tuw to pUce tl. u oa a
f iii.tr tl equality with tie Und Siair. 1 take DO
exeeptioa to, 11. d claim no tqulvaUnt for, the ci ani
c. &t UMlioii f tW u puU of education, for
luJiury roada, nor loth t. pvf cnt whkk baa
been allowed to the new States upon the receipts
from tbe sales of public lands within their limits. It
is in regard to the grants of alternate sections of
public lands for railroads and canals, amounting, I
suppose, to some twenty-five millions of acres, that
I propose some equivalent, though far short of a
full and just apportionment to the other States. I
will show you what an enormous amount would be
required to do complete justice to the old States,
taking the railroad and canal grants alone as the
basis of the estimate an amount so large that 1
would not think of making a proposition upon such
To Iowa, which has onlv four Representatives in
the two Houses of Congress, say $4,0on,000 worth
of public land3 have been granted, estimating them
at $1 an acre, though - I believe the amount is
greater. In the same ratio, . rvew ioik, would oe
entitled to thirty-six millions. Take the Illinois grant,
and see to what a length that would lead us. Illinois
has eleven Representatives in tbe two Houses, and
she has received, say four million dollars worth of
lands. New York, in the same ratio, would be
entitled to twelve and a half millions of dollars. It
may be that the quantity of land granted to tho.-e
States may be even greater say five millions. I,
however, propose" a standard of apportionment to
the States having no land, to this extent. It would
alarm the country too much, and I do not know that
I should be prepared myself to sustain such a prop
osition at this time. What I propose in this bill is,
to take the maximum grant of land to any one State
or Territory, say six millions in money value, esti
mated at $1 25 an acre. In the distribution which
I propose to make, that would be the maximum
which New York would receive; and every State
having ho lands of course would receive a less
amount, or an amount apportioned among them
in the ratio of their representation in the two
House of Congress. The new States, which have
not had grants of land, equal in money value
to the proportion their representation would entitle
them to, I propose to place upon an equal footing
with those States which have had no grants. This
would leave Michigan, Illinois, and Iowa, far in ad
vance of the other members of the Union, in the
enjoyment of the benefits of the public domain. I
do not propose, of course, to make any addition to
what they have already received, for they stand al
ready two or three fold in advance of what it would
be expedient or judicious to apportion among the
Having stated the principle of the bill, I wish to
call the attention of the Senate to one or two con
siderations that I think rather striking in connection
with this question. -Sir, we cannot get an apprpria
tion even for the purpose of making surveys to as
certain the practibilily of improving the feeders to
that great natural canal, the Ohio river, from Pitts
burg to its mouth, traversing a line of country a
thousand miles in extent. According to the rigor
ous policy adopted by those who control the policy
of the Government, we cannot get a grant of an
acre of land, or an equivalent value in money, to
clear out the annual obstructions formed by the
freshets in the Mississippi. The trunk canal, which
drains one and a half million of square miles a
country occupied by fifteen million inhabitants, a
grant of land or money for that object is said to be
unconstitutional ; but it is perfectly constitutional
to grant public lands to Illinois, by which she is able
to xempt her people forever from taxation re
ceives annually $ 140,000 or f 150,000; an amount
which, judiciously applied, would keep the Mississip
pi clear of all the annually accruing obstructions to
its safe navigation.
We cannot without a great contest here, get from
this great fund this magnificent property of the
United States, the public domain enough of land
or money even to ascertain, by examinations and
survey, whether the feeder which nature has pro
vided for that great canal, the Ohio river, may not
be improved bv dams in such a manner as to insure
a supply of water in the dry months of the year, of
sufficient capacity to float all the produce upon its
borders safely to market, vhy? Because such a
grant would be unconstitutional.
Is not this a most extraordinary state of things
one at least, which requires some thought ? Y'ou
refuse to appropriate either land or money for such
objects as that; and yet you feel perfectly authorized
bv tbe Constitution in eivins to each new Mate, on
the borders of the Ohio, lands to improve rivers
ind make artificial canals within their limits. On
that grand trunk, that great canal, the Ohio, which
sweeps along the borders of four great States, you
are not authorized by the Constitution to appropriate
a cent to improve its navigation. To such, I will
not sav absurdities, but to such an unreasonable
extent, is this doctrine of the strict constructionist
Again, sir, look at the condition of the Treasury
at the present moment. e have probably
surplus of $25,000,000 in the treasury to-day. We
know the ordinary effect of Juch a state of things.
We know what it was in 1S35 and 1836. Many
doctors have given their prescriptions suggested
their remedies lor this state of things; audit may
be said that I have cast in mine. Various projects
have been suggested. Some are pending in the
other House now I do not know of any particular
one that is pending in this body. Each member has
his favorite medicine, and there is not much inclina
tion on the part of any one to abandon his own for
the remedy proposed by another. One method is
by a readjustment of the duties 011 imports. I have
seen various estimates ot the extent to which certain
reductions of the duties on various articles of im
ported merchandise would diminish the revenue and
deplete the Treasury, varying from ten to filteen
millions of dollars. That is to be doile during the
present session, or by this time next year we shall
have a surplus of more than forty millions in the
treasury. But if any measure of that kind is to be
forced through Congress, in the few days that re
mnin of the session, what confidence can we have
of its success? On that point political doctors differ
as much as upon any other.
I have beeu looking somewhat into the various
schemes presented, and it appears to me that some
of them, which are as likely to succeed a any
others, instead of diminishing the revel ue, will be
vtry likely to increase it, though the duties may be
diminished on a number of articles a:id others made
free; and we run the risk of interfering most inju
riously with the manufacturing and agricultural in
terests of the country.
The great fact stares us in the face that we have a
large surplus : and the cry is that the Treasurv must
be depleted, even at the risk of doing greater mis
chief to the country than might be done by letting
things remain aa they are. I do not believe any
judicious or proper financial measure can be adopted
within the short time allotted to us at this session;
so that this surplus will accumulate for another year.
Even when we sit here next winter, we can make
no change of duties operative until the close of the
next fiscal year; and if the importations go on in
creasing as they have done of late, the surplus may
be fifty niil'ions, or even sixty millions of dollars, be
fore any measure of that sort can be operative.
I propose that the proceeds of the sales of the
public lands for the last and present fiscal year, be
ing about twelve or thirteen millions of dollars,
estimating the surplus for the present fiscal yar at
one half of that ol the last, shall be apportioned
among the States in the ratio I have suggested. I
propose to deplete this bloated Treasury by that
amount, and provide also that in each successive
fiscal year the proceeds of the public lands shall be
appropriated and distributed in the same way until
we reach the maxium provided for the largest Slate
and it is a very modei ate sum compared with what
would be necessary to place all the Slates upon an
equality with some of the land Slates. This measure
however will deplete the Treasury to the amount I
have stated, which would be a relief to the country.
I press it more particularly on the ground that I
have no belief you can do anything safely and
prudently, at this session, by a re-adjustment of the
Southern I'actflc Itnilroad.
The election of Geo. S. Verger as PreMTtcf ih"
Southern Pacific lUilroad Company, whic'i took
place VritterJaT, ia the iuanurslkin ol a p li y
which insures) the construction ol t is rot, eii'l iu
fist light may le n'gtnVd as an rpoch ia this age
uf progress and wouderlul acUievviin'Ut. There
couid not have been aclccted in the Valley of the
Mi-'ssippi a gfiitleman who po-aes-ra iu a lergvr
i- gie- the qualifications bifi'.liug the oflice wMch lie
no bold no cue i;i whom the attribute of i .t -f,-rity,
cepaciry and perseverance are more hnrniuni
ously and confpicuotsly blende'!. We c itiratu
Lut theciitctuiy on their choice, the gentleman
himself upon tbe extended fit-Id wliicrt has opened
up for hia abilities', a d the country upon the v si
new of the resulia which a uo iiiunl fdiLr prom
tea ia the completion of the enterprise.
It ia not our purpose at thi lime to (peak of thia
road, either a rrgarda iu magnitude, the b!cing
which U propose fur maukin i, the fessilnli. j oftta
cofietructioc, or tbe profit which it offer a au iu
vestment. These are aUtojIcs which aeuianJ scp
arate and well coiuidrrcii notice. Our detiu is
merely to remark upon the first ollicia! step taken
y our Northeru Iriends in carrying forward a
TStem which ) to harmot'ua the, inUr.au of
every t-cii )D of the Union ia au undertaking w hit h
should be national ia it execution, a it wil. be em
inently ij iu the blraeiogs which it wi.l cure to
America. TU arranemeol hat been made a
soon it could legally, aud U evince upon the
part of th i;enilmn who are now here on the bu
aiDes of the Cutupaoy a coi SiJto.: in the ability
and good failti of tbe South, which, we tru-t,w,il
be attt in a rp'rit Kjually trank, ami result in a
cc-tubiiittiou nf atreugiB which will carry lorward
Uie work with an eipeJiuoa illaairaiive of the iu
viociUilitv of organised and wisely directed tifjrt.
A'. O. PrcaytisK Tttk JjtA
17 Geo. 8. Yerjcr ha been elec ted Preendent
cf the Sc uthera Pacific Railroad.
0a faeJajr aurtiief, the tS.h last., at ale reside eo la
B'wlby ewaatv. Tins., Major JOHN O. 0riCt,laM
Mewi is,la Ue sevesty-ihira year of 1 1 t.
, Major Vtkk a soldier vX lae aar et Ul',a4wa
knows a4 rs4 ey el aer eiuaeaa. U 4i4 f
aaeaaioaia, kavl( a alck kt a iew Aaia. )
-a . i t
From the Union 4c American.
The Planter' and Colon Bank an Un
founded Charge Corrected.
The Meinphia Erpreto, and other papers of the Ptate,
have endeavored to impair the credit of these two oM Banks
by publishing a statement to the effect that there wa duo
from the Planters Bank of Tennessee and Branches to the C.
S. treasury 271,630, and from the Union Bank of Tennessee
246,905, balances on former denosites oflihe public m- ney,
and that the same was "unavailable and could no be collect
ed " Wiih commercial people, familiar with the standing
and credit of these Institutions soch a statement bears the
impress of absurdity cn its face; but there are muny, less fa
miliar with financial matters, who were ready to credit it
Th.we who first originated the story might bave known better
if they had only pressed their examination through oue en
tire page,':8Z, of the Secretary's Report, and where they pro.
fess to have derived their information. The conten'a of this
page a'e, first a "statement of tbe balances due from Banks,
formerly depositories of the public money, which are unavail
able, and have been so reported by the Secretary of the Treas
ury for a number of years." In this list are emoraeed the
Union and Planters' Ban V 3 of Tennessee, with a sunming up
Of the entire amnnnh dn. Fnllnviniv tmmnliit.v nnrfor
this on the same page, is a deduction of the "amount paid
and held up for payment in the following banks," here setting
forth ihe banks, the Planters' and Union among them. Six .
pages further on, the rep rt g es on to state that "the state
menfiaf payment, ot both the Planters' and Union Banks,
had been "referred to the Auditor for tetilement and were
"not reported for suit," thereby showing that the "statement
of paymenfreferred ts were correct. Wa think it strange
that the editor of the Fxpretn shonM not have examined a
111 tie more fully into this matter before making such crave
charges. To depreciate th credit of an insti ution in this
manr.er is a public wrong, and should not be indulged in to
gratify personal spleen. We are ready ti join hands with
anybody in opposing bank! on fjir principles and in an hon
est way, but no other.
The following letter from the Secretary of the Treasury is
conclusive on this point, and shou'd be copied by all those
papers that aided in giving currency to the false report :
TkEisruT DKTAaTMurr, Mareh 54, 1S57.
Sra : Iu reply to your letter of the 19th inst.. I hee leave
to siifrjet that on examination of the annuil report of my
predc esor, it U found to be true, that a balance in ta'e-
ment N, pnre ii, is stated against your Bank, as weM as the
Union Hank but the same statement shows the snms to be
deducted, which in (he cases of these two Bank i" precisely
the sums charged. Tbe rxplananon on piges 54 J and 64X
shows that the payments had been referred for settlement,
which has been accordingly done, on the boo- of the Treas
ury the arronnts of these two Banks have been balanced for
some months past.
On pase 3o uf the repTt. yon will perceive thst on y the
balance of statement N.ismen ioned to be due so that these
two Banks were entirely acquitted of owing any sum to the
These accounts should no doubt have been long since bal
anced, and probably would have been but from the ci-cum-stance
that the sums were cha'ged on the Treasury books
ktpi by the Register of the Treasury, and the pavim-nU
made, were to be chown in the office of the Treasurer of the
United States. The debts and credits were not bron.-ht np
on the Treasury books in regular form, until t'ie reference
was made in Apri la-t for 'he settlement ol these accounts.
Vary respectfully, your obedient servant,
To T. TVgAVR, Eq., Cashier of Planter's Bani, Nash
Lessee and Manager.
....JOEL DAT S
CHEAT ATTRACTION I
POSITIVELY FOR TWO NIGUTS ONLY, COMMENCING
Friday Evening, April 3, 1857.
TUB WORLD RENOWNED
ZPJSLXJEL OTP XT-Sk. !
THE UNRIVALLED MAGICIAN,
V7 H I. O Jen his micnificent Temple rt Kncl-antment oat
tbe above evening, when he w II introduce many
new and original. Mjjical and Mysteriariach al Illusions,
Tianf. rmiciooD.-ceptioos, Ac.
ftjr- Admission, fw cents.
t olored 4'ery 9.1 "
Colored Box, (0
t2T Doors open at quarter before 7; Cur.ain rises at
quarter b-f re 8 o'clock.
y S ats can be sccurid from 10 to 12 A . M., and In m
2 to 4 P. M.
fST" 9 r particulars, see bTa of tre 6v.
G. CHRKK HKDKRSON, Ag't
fto. 12 College Street.
31AKCII 31, IS57.
THE cndergnel has received today: j
Ladies' Tl.in ole Kid Boot, wiih heels; S'l
" flue " La ting Gaiters, nith heels f fl
" " " " p ain an 1 tipt Gaiters;' Wi-
" " " Kid and fur Morocco Boots;
" Kid Slippers, plain and trimmed;
" " " " with heel ;
Mioses' and Children's I asting Gaiters:
" " Kid and French Morocco Boots;
Chi dren'i Kid Ruckle Ties and Siippers;
A few dozen Men s tine sewed Usfr d Ties;
Meu's Calf Dress Shoes, low quarters.
a: r2 iOUt R A M . G S.
T70R and oa
account nf the CU rk and
Master, in the
I cae or llenrv Druichr, ailminisirator, sc., vs
Crutcher t als, in th Chauc r? Cnrt at Nashvi.!, by
virtue of a de lee iu said canse, I will, cn Tll t.MMY,
lli e 7 . h of May next, oa the premise sell at pulil.c aio,
torty-fi"e acres ol l.'ND, in Davidson countv, lenne-sre,
on the Wh te's Critk Turnpike aiid on Cum'wrltn i River,
ad oiuiug ihe la ds of Dr. Shelby. 1 his truct will he mb
uivioed in n sni-i'er ones of In m two is five kcre-, a more
pailicu'ar d--c iprion of which will ip.e r iu hanJ-bilia
before the uat o'hal".
'I ihm. - A credit of one, two and three years, tor notes
satistactrrily ec. reu.beaiiug interest and a lien retained.
-ale at 11 o'clock, A 11.
A. V. 8. LII 8LKY.
E, R. OiAsrxci, Auctioneer c
I70R and on acrount of the Clerk and Mas'er in tVe case
of Marcus B l oney b Ac, ex parte, in tut Cliancerv
Court at r-aanville, by virtue of a decree in said oauxe, I
will, on TilL'i SDaY, the 7ih of May next, n tne premi
ses, tell at public sale, t.n cr. t of LAN D, situated in ow
er kdyetieid, I'avi.ison connty. Tennes-ee, on Ihe White's
Cieek turnpike. I: will te la'd rff into lots, a daa of
wld h wl I be udi-tied be'ore the day of sale.
Trkxs. - Tsenly per c nt. Lai-h; I a. j rice in one, tw6
and three years :or notes satisfactorily secured, bearing
interest aud a lcn retained. .
A. Y. 8. LINDSLEY.
K. R. Glcock, Auctioneer. b i rJ
VALUABLE HOUSE AND LOT FOE EAEE
N MoNDAY. the 13th inst.. on tbe crenmei. 1
to itn Sumner street, I will proceed to sell a 3.;:ii
vidualtle Hut Si AND LOT. Tne lot fronts ?5 leei on
Summer street, running ba k ISO feet, ipon which there
Is a two siory h'ue, containing four rooms, with kitchen,
sm ke house, an ) all other necea-ary out-houss. Una
prouert. ia . II situated f r business men, and ia in a por
tion of the city where property is rapidly davanrinf in
value, and has all th) advantages of htdrant aler, ic,
and a iso a good well of never tailing oaier.aud is free Irom
taxation. Come aud see for yourselves.
Tinas One-ihd Cash; tbe balance in 6, 19, and 18
rnoibs, with int,.rtt from dale a. H. ULAe'CoCK,
airi-td General Airent.
jnpn.o. widiing to Join the City Schools for the remain
der of the year, can obtain tickets at the Superinten
dent's ollict, in the Hume building, t-pruce street, during
next we.k. daily, between the hours of b and HI o'clock A.
M. Parents and antrdiane p)eae cbatrve the above, as
no tit kets will be issued alter next weea.
By order of the hoard of Education. mar27 dlot
MR. OOODWIN will give a Cotillon Party at his Room,
over Mr. Heech's htore, on College sireet. on Thurs
day, April S t. ll.UI open at T o'clock, V. M., and dance un
til I A. M. lick ts $1, admitt ng a gentleman acd two
ladies. A rood Cctillon Band will be in attendance.
TN eonseqnence of want of stock during the winter months
and acci lent, to machinery, by fire, at one of our prin
cipal Coitoo factories, there ia on'v one-tenth Cotton-l ord
enough ma le lo supply tne orders whk h I rroetvefor the
article. I am doing the het I can te supply my eutoruvrs,
In Oiling a pan of the orders as thereonie. In turn; and pub.
Ii.h tbisbr way of explanation to thoee who hve tavorext
me wilb tbeir orders. 8. M BAKk t.'TT,
Wood-War and Cordage Dealer,
march" 1 m Cincinnati, (1.
" WM, SIMMONS' "
CARPEVTICR AMD BCILnBR, respectfully atnonm-es te
tbe citisens of Nashiille, that he is now located on tho
corner of Church and Hummer strce.a, opposite the Hu
Cioud Hotel, where he is r re pa red to saccule all kinds of
'aroenter'f an1 Joiner's Wor. Doors, Nt and Hunds,
flair Cues, M.ow Cases, Office Desks, ru n op oleres,
JobHngan l bepairing, Ao. , promptly attended to.
IMPSOVEMENT 15 BURNISQ BBICX.
(Patented by Jese Ra-aeli, of Todd County, Kentucky)
ON ef the most Import at inventions ot the present
-a saving of at least half the labor and fuel, and the
Brick much superior in qualitr
for Information, it quire of M. Ilenrr Allry, In South
Nashville, who Is now using tbe Invention.
Any pet ton wis One to procure tie agu'., will ad Irvea Dr.
Sink. Hixi sks , at franklin, Teon., who is fully aathor
it J W use, sell or topo of the same. He will make it t
the in to. est of ad Hrici-baroars to bay an I ee ihe Inten
Uon. mariT xe TAfLsff B. PiKUN
VCENTl.VMAN and WIFEeaa be aeornnmodate'l with
board, if anpiicatien be made at Higti iUreet, II. res
4 rrs north uf ilroad It is within B mmuie's wala of
hHure, io a healthy location. A few t 'Qlecl day-ftoaej.
ers can o aoeontiu I.iea. I ml i 1 na
CMJA. MILLI E A Cu. have opened the above Oardeas,
e.t ol the franklin Turun.k., se( lue Cilj UwipiUI,
hre refehoieDle aaay be obtaiaesi. snaecliA
'I'UK auden-ija.d ke.os a Boarding Hoes en Cedar
X sired, nest to the VsrasJaH lijul. weereaeie rey,
at all times, l aecsvatoMtJale traaateut er pernaneot
leaders at fair rates, tits labia la el ears preruladwilh
the best the suarket affords.
T OI TF.il rOIt jLK IS following STKAW
l BiKKf fi.ANrj": tleog'a Maaimitn at ft perhand cd
lwa at tl rer hundred, ihmks Piue at $ lj.tr hundred,
fay or', ff.ellingat tl per haadrei.
1 ordrrsieft nk me at l ie a .net boa e oa W Jus
da 'S a--t Siiur.l.r. pro npt alien ? to.
mt:e-1adtW JAxttil E. WALSKK.
XUST Oil STtH.l'w, from tu s'raabosU Oara
J Dein.OBlhe 6r. of A or I, 15, (7) tn.r yssjvea
ltes Nai .,arke4 "W. t. H the same stark a ant.
ot Iron a n. gned lo Kirkpatnca, Nevins a C
Ajy eoe kavfug injure auoa with IH-eart A Noel ef
their ea.rral.oeU wij t libera:! reeard i.
'e3tv-iw JAMi.3 MELLON. .
SWEET i-OTATOES. .
TC5T recelrei aaJ fr .ai, 1w bb . SWEIT POTATOES,
aVIKItPAIaJta.. aVis A CO.,
x M Saact sireet,
I WILL pay Caah fur lkSS WAKtaiiTSai say etce
ke. sdcaerry aire', la say mltmitem aoi ae a. B
Daasausasa OaUlt) J. U. t .LLc
LUfiSTS: SJ, Claata, DasiiSoa, SaiBaca. ..! store as t tig
OnU 4 Sights Mare of JIatt Peel'i Celebrated
Thursday. Distreasei Doorkeeper, and Last Night of
fjff Preceding the pieces, a nightly change of Negro
Ticks. 50 een's- Doors open at T e'cloek Coa-
at tn ...iminpnre at TV.
raw- Bit Office coen from 10 to 12 oM ck A. M.
from 2 to a P. M , where seaia can oe secured upon appli
cation to Mr. Iluntly. '
marchay-tf DR. T. A. JONE3, Agent.
. . n . . . q . . 1 a run mml nr
AUCTION SALE OF GUOCEHIES,
Carter, McKay & Co.
ON THURSDAY, the 2nd of April, 1S'7, at o'clock, A. M
we will offer fur sale the following articles :
35 hhds Jf O. Sufar;
lo sacks toffee;
12 bbls Powdered Segv;
5( 0 kes Nail assorted;
10') doien Painted uckets;
fv) boxes Stearine Candles.'
25 boxes Tallo Cadies;
l 'O boxes Br s ap;
5() do Fancy do;
dozen Hemp bed Cords;
0 drums fresh s'igjs.
10 bM Pecans;
T5 Ixjxes No. 1 Herrings:
2') dozen Z.uc Wash Boards;
now extra Cigars
8 (1 reams Wrapping Paper,
T5 boxes W. h. Cheese;
T5 1 arrels Cider Vinegar;
73 dozen Brooms;
M gross Mason's Blackit f,
15:) bWs Samrock Wt isv;
It) boxea Manufactured To
bacco, V rious brand:
10 bbls American Fra&i'y;
5 bb s New York Gin:
If bils Street Medeira Wlat ;
I'l V-C-as.i Catawba Bu ad ;
2"i box s Smoking Tub.u v...
2 bbis Smith O. R. Whisky;
23 bbls Lake Trout Fish;
2 half bbis Mackerel;
8 cases sardines;
5n casks g t .t-oda;
Jihi boxes Glasware, asorted;
8i dozen ieves;
I'M' boxes P'pes;
25 bales Glas Mats;
2j boxes clothes Pins:
66 boses Proctor's Starch;
IjuWWG D. Caps. April 1 2d CARTER, AlcKAY CO.
Auction Sale or Groceries,
W. II. Gordon & Co.
ON MONDAY next, Sth of April. 1SjT, ii will offer at
pnblie sale, in our usual quantities
45 hhds common, fair, prime and choice Jc gar;
100 MU Plantation Molasses;
800 bans fat - and prime Kio Coffee;
ClH) l b s tthisky:
2 1 10 bundles medium and D. Wrapping Pape;
SKI eases, one d s-.n each, fine Bran its,
With many o. her articles.
Terms of Sale:
All f nma under 20P, Cah; all sums over ffO nd un-
rier t'2,0'0, 8n dava; all sums over fi.ir Su days credit
for approved endo red notes, p-iyable in one ol the City
Banks W. II. GORDON ft CO.
N. R Previous to our regular sale, commencing at 10
o'clock prtcisely, we wid fell lor rssh, Mr account ot whom
it may concern, a large lot ol ri RVre t knd of Go Cs re
ceived from the wreck cf the sUamer A. L. Davis.
apri W. II. G. A CO.
REGULAR AUCTION SALE OF GR0CESLE3
II. S. FRENCH Sc SON.
ON TUESDAY, APRIL 7TII. Is87, at 10 o'clock, A.
M.. we will oiler for -ale in front of our Warehouse, cor
ner of Market and CUrk streets, the following articles, to
loo hhds Sugar, 1nn hxt best Tallow Candles,
85 hbis l.oat siutrar, 1i)() boxes Cheese,
ISO bbls Crushed !ugar;
2xi bags Rio Coffee;
N bags Laguyra Coffee;
25 bags Java Coffee;
50 ca-ks super Carbonate
1000 keg- Nai's,
50 bbls Vineg.r,
loo dox Rocket.
tMiU bds Whisky, assorted
2.1 bbls American Brandy,
10 bbls do do,
10 bNs S. O. Ram,
SO bSis Julius If. Smith's old
25 bbls Old Bourbon Whiikv
100 bbls Molaasea,
20 bbls Old Rye Whisky.
50 bb's Mackerel, Nos. 1,9, lU0,i Uextra Cigara, variou
ID b.ig Peoper,
5(1 bags (ii iit-er,
2 ceroons Indigo,
?"( boxer Staf Candles,
2l'0 boxes do;
200 X Co do,
loo boxes Melee Cirars,
l' boxes Cheroots,
loT boxea Tobacco, W. H.
House and other brands,
50 boxes Jars,
luO boxes Tumblers.
ith various other articles in our line.
H.9. VKENCU ASON,
AUCTION SALE OF GROCERIES
lOIl-IIIS &: TATTON.
ON WFDNKSOAY MORNIVO, APRIL STH, 1?57, kt
lOoV'ock, we will offer at Aetn.n, in front of our
Stoie on M .rkrt street, a I rue and well-aelested stock of
Groorics, Wines, l.:qjors, Ac. vs:
loo hhds f.iir to choice 3ug.r,5i'0 bags fair to choke Rio
lnil !h. Mola..-es; Coffee;
V o v-do do. 0,i racksges Msckere';
ti l bxs extra tod Fish; 5o boxes H-rrin;;
JO ea.'S fardines; 60 boxes ncy Cndv;
ft" coils Rope, as'd sizes; 60 dcien painted Buckets:
'20 nests Half lluftiels 14 boexs V. Tobacco, vari-
5". "t o Cigars, various brands; eus brands;
lii boxes Star Candies; ."0 b xs Star Candies;
ft) quarter do; 50 boxed Tallow Canoles;
5ntl ke? Nails, best brands; loo bids Magnolia Whikv;
1 DO bbls Whisk v, varf " 1(0 do fine Whitky. various
20 'o American franJy; brands;
SO V-P'M-s do; 10 bSI tiln;
loo boxes Kar?op; 4Si boxes t.lassware, ass'd;
1(10 bhlj Cider Vinegar, 10 tierces Kice.
With various other articles in the Orneery line.
April 9 MtiRKlS A SI RATTON.
HAGAN & BR0.,
Book Sellers and Stationers,
No. Hi) 3Iaiket & No. G I ition St.,
lVah ille, Trnnrore.
Harper for April.
HARPFR'8 MAGAZINE for April, just received by
march2(i UAtiAN A BRO.
White bonnet Boards, Just received by
UAltAN 1 BRO.
SO reams White Laid Polio Post, just received by
mrcl21 KtQAN A BRO.
Colored Cover Paper.
23 reams Colored Cover Paper; 45 reams Gold Envelope
Paptr, just received by
march 4 II AO AN A TIRO.
F 5) reams superior Ruied Congress Cap Paper, In store
and for sale by narch!4 HAAN A BRO.
CO reams Owen A llorlhat's Premium Letter Paper, lost
received by march.' HAIA A Bftc.
Annals of the American Pulpit;
Or, Commeinoratire Xotiee$ of
DISTINGUISHED AMERICAN CLE>XEX.
or viaieCf nmomjisTioa,
From the early settlement rf th eonmry to the eloee of ibe
Year Kichteen Hundred and Hftv fl, with Historicl
Introilui'tiona. By William B. rprapn-, D. D ,t voia.
Porsaieiy CUAHLtS W. SMITH.
PORT roLICtf, for sale by
CHARLfg W. SMITH.
BANKEnsCASE?, for (ale by
CHARLES W. SVITil.
LETTER PAPER, for sale by
CAP PAPLFt, for sale by
CHAPLES W. SMITH.
CH ARLES W. SMITH.
NOTE PAPER, for sale by
CHARLES W. SMITH.
GOVERNMENT INTILOPE?, for sale bv
CHtKLES W. SM1T3.
M COLLAGE, for saie by
chariej w. SMrra.
LlCjrif) CI.rE, for sale by
a pcRrntR supply or K ANEi ARCTIC EXPE
DITION just received by CHAS. W. SMITH.
New Sacred Music.
TilC NSW CAMCRIA SACRA, for sal by
CUARL18 W. SMITH.
TUS SOCTUERS HARMONY, foe tal.by
THE NATIONAL PSALMjar, for by
CHARLW W. SMITH.
MAi'Ox'B SACRaU) HARP, lor sale by
CHAWLVA W. SMITH.
Ollsf'U. Mltl lt.-riiisdts br fa lie Weslreeeiv.
J ed ar b is Bt. Leai Cider, t il en H yo'S wa any
D. W. 1 V I U A eat.
Corner broad and Proat streeta.
'NASQTILLZ LUH1ZB TIED.
j. c. DAunn.v,
u niiLu, nnM.Ls aid hoards.
f II AVE en haad a Urge let of Cedar, Yellow and Wklla
I I'r-e Kio-jriog , C ear Wtite riue, P ju Plan. Jois io,
Vauiiinf . e) is C -dar, t'edcr P.aek as I Pei lar eh: a, -lea.
I "are 0t Mi I. earring Pe -lev m l Cedsr, ene eresag
Poviar, and e Ye'iow Pine Pfoortns. O i. ehisgte as
shioe, snaking . 1 Poplar Miing'cs Ail ia eenaia"t opet a
li-B I e is sepo'y any qu.riti y of limKtt or lhlngtee at
he ehor'es t"i. aa I at tbe towe-.t t nc-e for the cask.
ee joer eriers fjf prompt alU alien with
J. C D,' Ef.
wiarehAt Na.bvtne temper Text, Nt 1(1 B eadaay.
Iantl Warrautt locateU.
I SI ALL leave fcr the NuilhWet .Uut ibe 11 eMay.
PrrwM havirg land Warraa's eh.ch they wlh kwated
ailt Sad tha a J.u.b, en or'tinl'jr . fiav rr rUi'ed this
tics at v.s l oss iilii the lat BittU.o ra, I
eel co ib icol ut a-rii g ak e le auks tocat.ons thai will M
atiifartory to thoae bo wih lo make lnvrtSJe .la. My
will be lli per ral. a aasosbt f icvsataeal. 1
lee te ism esMn-e eeessana if ef NatbsiJ g asfaUy.
rr farther teUurmatia., aiUy te
j. o. riLuiw ts.
ssarchttV td Ne. i revrr etrs H .Twie.
'PHE andersiraed bav.og a e-rttae-l that the aalw -f
1 CM. E.Ijumx. dee', te in lveol, ad havtif ee
, (I M lhe!tvoJrtc) ef the aas ail weo-. are kersey
" lied lo Sie their eiaiaaJ h C-rr ol l&e Ccaaty
C M ef t'avxdwa twuuty, -ay an."tt eated, e or kefcre
:he 1st rta, of aege-t, -J7i ! pereoee ledekted to
h nu t aie neatest lo M aeeB ts witlwel ee
' say, ev lb.y adi ke .Usl is a - ft eal-
lectiua, IT. I'. kiAMS
Jl I I PATKvT 1fl:
4 east le aakt kf i')
IN r. frv4
O, V. DICaMT.
TomHoore's Life Complete
. T. Berry & Company
ff.t VE JVST RECEIVED
MEMOIRS, JOURNAL AND CORRESPONDENCE
XDITED BY i.ORI J'lHS RI SfELL.
I vo's. royal 9 vo.,cloth.
- Oriniom cf the Prrrs.
"Who has not heard ef Tom M-orr, Ihe Iri'h rot? Trvj
alt who have ever read ri ropnlar Melcd'es, this ow so'L
will pmve exceedingly intere.llng,esr,'!T ,he aatobinf-
ranhy of the Poet, from his earliest reeoileetiona man-j
hood. We heartily recommend it. X T. Courier.
"Thirasj Moore is the last of he rreat pota thst fioni
ished in the brsr'nnirs- of the eentnrv. A blogrspry, .of
ab'y written wut be eeger'y rotgbt Ter. ThepoMil
are g eat y indebted to the M-ssr. Appleton tor the chesnf
and eleraat man"er in which thevhaveisaned it."-'j"
Cvm. Ado. '
" This work has been mneh looked fr wi.h Ijterent b
the admirers of the sweetest bard of modern times. Th
new work ha. mn A..- -.1 n . TV .n&rtrlm ! 4
of Moore's letters will recommend 'hem as model; of s.r-
to thoa who aim at eminence In epistolary correspc
ence." Aany PtSitrr.
u Every one who has theietti'eforern liters
will at once procure a copy ef tne work." 0arUtt,ni
" It seem t n that L"rd John Rnsll has prepared a?
Terr credi'ahle work irdrerf. Pe ev:dentty entered upcrf!
it cotiamere. and has. we thirk, pnrrred It to te en witrd
fidelity, enthBiarn and accomcy. Briti'A "bV i'r. I
The work ha two great attmclons one on the snhiec
-the other the ed'tor. Bnt one cannot lock Into It withon
seeming that it anwered the highest expectation :
could be len'timatety frirrredof I'.. The work will, of oarse?
be a gem in the li'eratnre of the day." Alhany Arg j
Tha is edited wth ability, the name name ef Ensj'aadV
great. sttetran is a guaraty." X. T.Churctman. f
Moore's L'fe bv Rossel', presents a striking picture
English life, soch as came wltMn the ohwrvatien ar-4 tj '
perienoe of the pot"--.iMif'erT CMfirn AdTorat.
" We seen the minti.e, faeetiir, et evtera, ef one nf ;
mo't versatile, voluptuous and melodeons bards who
sang. His intimacies with all the ge-lnsee of the o. ;
he'her they vere poets, artists, or statesmen, and the
naivete with which he honestly rattles away, about every-
ray. about every-
either, in whirM
rant propensi! ie t
thing in hi own literary life, or his social
latter we can bnt be amused athi bon vivant
have in his style of narrating them mech more of aehanrr!
forns than we renerally f nd in Ihe private lite of men p I
here the enrsjn is a- decorously drawn asidcl
as we find It here." Srivn!ay Bvdgtt.
W. T. It. A" Co. hve also on sale
'THR ENRI.ISH FDITTON rif MOORR'S LIF8 ASZ
CORRE3PONDFNCE, in 8 vola. 12mo..elotV
Napoleon at St. Helena.
AV.T. linRRY &, CO. have just receive .?;' ,
KAP0LF0N AT ST. HELFNA; or,tnteretingAt.rr!
dotes and remaaksble Crnversalior sof the fmpercr dor
ng the Five and a Ttslf Years of his Captivity. Coflfrt., i
from the Memorials ef Las Casas, O'Veara, Montholaor j 2
Antommacchl.and others. By John C. Abbott. Withl.';:j
lustrations. 1 vol., 8vo , cloth.
Fxtraetfrom fhe Preface
Thegenfas of "jjkiVm is nstnnmling. AI)hranches
human Knowle-lce seemed a'iVe fin il:ar to hi. riirant.t
mind. ITifonver.ation at He'n. ratt-red troii?r
the num-r ns and volnminou. n.en-orials of those sr
rleane-r them. re 'erlete wt inten.e.tlnferet.
There i'rorrind whirr- win not he inviroratrd bv fat-niii
arifv wiih tdn's rro'ornd tlonr, expressed will, to
much g'ow of feeling and energ efdirtinn.
W. T. PFRRY A CO. have also on sa'e
MFT-TCIRS OF THE LITF, AND C0XTESSA
TI0KS fF THE ETPFEOK NAPOtFON. Btcb
DeT.aCaas. With Portraits and other Illustrations. 4
TCAPCIFOVS CAMPAIGNS I?T EGYPT AST
STRIA, 1798-1799, dictated by the rmrernr at ,t. He
lena, and published by Orneral Fertrand. 8 Tols.,n
WPhanAtla- ofio Plates ofthe Plans ofBattlee. Paris
MONTTTOtDN'S HIT0RT OT TRECAPTHm
OF KAP01E0IY AT ST. HFI ENA. 4 vi.. h. f f.,ii
NAPOLEON'S CCNFIDENTAL CORRESPCl
drnce wi'h Li Brother Joseph. Svots. l2mo,
LAST DATS OF WAP0LE0IT. Memoirs ef the Is
Two Tears of Napoleon's Exile. By Dr. f. Antommacrhr
orming a Sequel to the Journals of Pr 0'Meara aadCcan
MEMOIRS 6F THE INVASION" OF FRANCE ir
the Allied Armies, and ofthc Last !ix Monthsefthe te.j
of Napoleon, inrluding his AbiHcatioa. Writtea by com
mando'the E tiperor. By B tron Pain, first Secretary o
ths Cabinet. lvol$vo. With a Map of the Cam
ABBOTT'S LIFE OF KAP0LE0X. Svol.
NAPOLEOX 15 EXILE. ByO'Mears.
NAPOLEOJT AT ST. HELENA. Prom the Letter
snd Journals cf Sir Hudson Lowe)
MEMOIRS 0? NAPOLEON. By tbe DuchesiyAbran
tes. Svols. Wiih Portraits.
HAZLIITTS LIFE OF NAPOLEON1.
NAPOLEON'S MEMOIR?: Evenings wirh Princ.
Cambaceres, Pecond Consul. By Baroa Langon. ;
NAPOLEON'S EXPEDITION TO BTJSSIA. Bj
Coont de i'egnr
THE NAPOLEON DTNASTT. By th Berkley Men
With 20 Porra'ls.
NAPOLEON AND HIS MARSHALS. By Hesdiey
NAP0LY0VS OLD GTJEAD. By Headley.
NAPIER'S PENINSULAR WAR.
ALISON'S BISTORT OF EUROPE- With aa Alls.
of the Plant of Battles.
THIER S BISTORT OF THE FRENCH RETOLTJ
TI0N. 8oh, with Portraits. JtblS
JAS. A. M cCLURE
HA jnst received his ?pring tee of e 1 1 1 w J
Pianos Me'odiacs, Musir-hoxes, Vio- Py"."! t
lins, Areordeons, V Biee,Shee'Masic,Music- if 9 I II I
Books, Mrii ls, Ac, c which is the largest Stack everex-
hihtted in Nashville. His 8ioc ef Piaa-Kortes is very
large, (fl'teen it namber.) embracing all the different
lies, ( . 6', t' and 7 octaves,) and style of cases, from
ilM to ). 1'r.ese Pianos are f om the celebrated
n aVees, A. H. Gale A Co., Htetiiway A Lows, and iccs
beO'r A Fmitt, of New Turk, tor parity, evenness andi
brilliancy of tones, sod elasticity ef truck, they are uasur
passtd. fceery instrnment sold by me i fully warranted, '
All the new publica.ioas cf Sheci-musio caa be had by
ftvt g me a call.
Those in wa.it of Prth-r D sslers. made of the flu est
Ostrit'h Fexiheit, cin flu ith lxre-t aaaunment in the
rl r l y calling at 83, t o on a reet, beiwven College and
N B My wnolesa'e stock U largo and well selected.'
Country Merchants and o hrs dealing in Mtsical Mer
chsndiM. can a freight, insurance, by buying from
me, instead of goin (ask. Ativemeatrui aprl I
aYz:n: boot and shoe storet,
SJIVOKR A I RlZZEI Lare now receiving sol will eon-.
,.... . . . w ..;i. ,,... K r .4 Mei. uurtedl stiek
of B. oisand Mium, rxpress'iy for tbe Retail Tadei Their;
rM.s or i.a.!te- wear u very nns.eooaiwing in pars in-
tilove Kid Coogrest bai eis, with, anil without1; ,
" ride .es j
ling Gaiters of every de erlplion, with aod without
hns of aver deaerintlan. wilk and without keels ; i
W hue Kid.rUtio ar il ilokUa'ters;
flippera, with beeia.
Abo, Misses ted ll ii.tres s rhoee e-f every deeeriptlnB;
Gen' a wear ol every kind and tljle, made b the Bwt naB
ai.ciarers ia I bdaiU.phia, together with a Una stock of
rervant Shoes. Brugan., Ac Call at No. SI PuMIe luare.
a, rl e.NTOeR A t UZZlOL
Trunks, Valiies, &c.
XYDVR A PlilZZ LL have cn hand some Soe Me
i i . i f . - v.i... r....t h.ir. an kSi'dek).
that cannot b excelled in thi. market, hh are offered at.
low Curca, at No.il Pablic Saare. , .,
apri BC0 axf PER AfRI2ZEl.L:!
CLIFTON & ABBOTT
UT Ol'Lf r-sr-c filly eal! ths atien-a of iheir Iriends
si tl.epubiissetMraly le ifceir prerent stock . f ?
Sviiy: sunnncr iioo
.euiscin, of Sl -n's an! Boys' Oothlng or all ys
. .. ui. aasone WIlKa are ril-n naii-nu..
ne reai" , w ,MI Metuio
a au.r or a -.. iw Joinn!. ls.tun. and a tvat
... n:f lluse. aro.con,
. - . .
varteiv of e h'r ev f
a very neb a euruaeat m(
w i I . I r ' r . ,b Ml r e . ulT.V
tilla 7'rr"-d vshtte hrtt r,tr Cellars, botn s
.odM-fc.-.; .f ?'JJ?iZi
TBrea.i w ta
. t las a. a lriAr Lsl U1U " w- x.
eatong a test ei ai. - -
m . . iAa aiaarrilsBkB
, iu re-1
YiLUlRLI REAL I STATE F0S SALI-
AVI. sold, wiihia thst La.1 twelve ssoatae, wight
acta e p ueeis w w ..- p-.
vtdetce ihst i wderta J4 sargaio. 1 have
TZ. b. I eder w. UK, ws-tuag .epe.ca.se. As I a
prevmg a .r- se A.kp, lewaen the MflwPP
a,. sv I save dei ermined to sell my Land ia Davioaen aod t
',', , Ik. - - ' WjVAB tjBl aajWksAtfall i
a..f euetaioiog liJ acree, Wxll impravess, wl.k a g'-od ;
kites hue will esea reosaa, kitcDes, eteve reest anu
lur rias ia the baavaseoi stary, ail seeaaaary esit baud
iartef tvery ecr pucs, ef coder tis.bsr, eeperior iruil
wet aria nue jard.a aai vioesard aloat 50 acrji dear
. auace o 4 limber, ad sell Set la blue grass. A
sa'rra acaabe had ky p lju WJ.LaR.tv fiiowa,
a-hiue, o' i tse.f. BtvB tl.e premlsee.
kLr 4-5 acres, la kass to suit purchaser, 10 soils
rom tsatiatio. Bear vue a use ru. r . j
wua ol tai'-al ba wept be m .-e. T.rsss eaty. aa I !
je wiil e vm. A; p' ta Joia t. v.tle, Sumner j
eeeetv or fc the sow gned. at h rxhitieBCe. I ha I
aie, v'eani ra MU Maciiaerj aai ktoce Hnl Power lor
ease as e e.rgesa. . BM138.T. I
. - MOTICE. '
rtsnE So ks aod AocosBtaf the aaderyirned iy be 1
X loand at (he ooe et ts Nvnx Parsitrr, w wre
ibjae indeb-.rd le vs aie anieUy reto ted locaU aal set- j
.;. btaesiKt p--Jy st.imiit ol ear kaea, aod
rr-e trvatoot riea se i ssrsaee esim wm isi any
TOON. tL3JN A CO.
4uutr eoaaiiei mar-.ng t- a.-.., .... w,,- .
, ba is." at oe. point T-e arw. I re,,.!, ea.IX ssdes
, ' avifs.. sea the aahviil and LeuisvtlW Sailroad I
I Otm - , k.lf fr l'.krland i