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DAILT $8; 'TEI-WXEXIT $5: WEEKLY $S
W. T.IT.'-.CHP.' 7HOS.CAH.lIXB. UNJOIU
SMITH, CAMP & CO., Proprietors.
VT. HT. S3HTH sad IRA P. JONES, Editors.
OBc Ha. 1C, i i i i i Deaderirk. rUreet.
. ' - ma eovitvoB, " "-1 -
EOBSBT HATTOff, of Wilson.
V3B COKOBVSS, t
7. EL Z3LLIC0FFEB, of Davidson.
A. F GOFF.
JOSEPH L. EWrXC.
FOB JOrVT UMirgtHTATITB, "
HEXRY MAXEY. f Davldaem.
3? The Union and American protests
Rains terming t!ie opposition to the 6bam
Democracy of Tennessee, "Americans and
'Wbigf." It gravely declares there are no
wbigs now. That a portion of the old line
whijre joined the "Know -Nothing Party," and
re '-Know Nothings," and tho-e who acted
with the Democratic party are Democrat?,
and nothing elsel" Think of that, ye old liners
Kho were exhorted last year to vote with the
democratic party, with the understanding that
in o doing yon did not surrender your princi
ples or cease to be wbigs! Out npon snch
EST" MhJ. E. Q. Ea6tman announced in the
Union and American, of Tuesday, that own
ing to the occnpa ion of his time by the office
to whioh he hse been appointed by the Buch
anan Administration, bis connection with the
editorial department of that paper would
cease from that date. lie still holds a propri
etary interest. By this arrangement Mr. Dcn
hisotox becomes sole Editor.
f&" W. S. Mckdat, Eeq., of Snmner, late
a whig, has been nominated by the eliara
democracy as a candidate for the State Senate
against L. G. Stewart. This is hardly as good
pay as that received by Ilockett Allen. A
thirty dollar csne (suggestive that of "thirty
pieces of silver") was presented him; whilst
Handiiy is to be put off with the honors of a
defeat, for he will surely full in an encounter
fHiThe Daily Timet is the title of a newspa
per just started in New Orleans, nnder the ed
itorial supervision of Messrs. Joseph Brbsax,
and Walter lionise. It is an excellent news
paper, evtry department being conducted with
energy, skill, and signal ability. Mr. Bkkm
ax, one of the Editors, was formerly connect
ed with the Delia. He is one of the most vig
orous and original writers in the South. The
Timet will be a Southern Rights Journal, and
its zeal and efficiency should commend it to
the support of Southern Rights rr.en of all par
ties. The Kiw Yobk roLici. Judge Davis, of New
Yoik, bas dissolved the temporary injunccion, prin
ted on the application of Mayor Wood, retraining
the Police Comnii-B:on r appointed under the new
law of the Slate Legislature form assuming the con
trol of the Police Department in the city and
country of New York. Judge Davis simply decides
that the Major did not niter court in the proper
manner. Be avoids expressing any opinion on tho
constitutionality of the police U, thus leaving that
vital point untouched by Li- decision. Another
injunction wiil probably be sued out ia the proper
from, and in the mean froetbeuew Comn-i-sinners
are restrained Irom acting by the writ of ywo war
ranto granted by Judge Roosivilt on the applica
tion of the Attorney General of the State.
Lakds in Iowa. There' seems to have been
some misapprehension about the withdiawal of
public lands in Iowa from the sales appointed fur
the 4th instant It is only a small portion, in which
there have been some Indian disturbance, that his
Bon. A. II. II. Stcart, formerly Secretary ot
the Interior and at one time a Representative in
Cangreea, has aecpted the nomination of the
'Whigs and Americana" of Augusta county, Vir
ginia, to represent them in the State Senate. Bol
ivtt Cbbistiap, Xatbasiil Massii, and J. Mar
shall McCuaare nominated for the Huose of Del
(ST The officers of the United States Army are
about to present to Geo. Q'litman a service of sil
ver plate, in recognition of his effort to secure the
passage of the bill in Congress, proving for the bet
ter remuneration of military officers. Gen. Scott
bas written a letter to Gen Quitman, stating that
be has consented to act in behalf of bis brother
officer la procuring the testimonial above men
tioned. The Union sajs that upon the instructions
of the Commissioners of the General Land Office,
the lands in Florida, within fifteen miles of the hue
of railroad, from Amelia Inland to Tampa Day, and
Itejbrancb to Cedar Keys, have been withdrawn from
SrtccLATioK in II at We understand that the
Speculators liavs again t ikeu bol 1 of this article, and
tuat'SoOO to 10,000 bales were bought op ia the
market yesterJay at an advance of something like
$2 per ton. The uiov ment U eaii to be based
upon the high rates of freight to New Orltna pre
vailling at the Et, an l aha upon the recent ad
venae in the West A'. O Delta, April 29.
PacsiDiv? Filliork's Moaaoa Poucr. The
Buffalo Commercial Advertiser explains anJ defends
tke policy pursued by PrtBllent Fillmore in regard
to the Mormons. As they bad gone to Utah and
established a eep.nie government for the express
purpose of galling beyond ths reach of "Geutile
intermeddling," it was deeme i proper to pursue
towards them a policy of conciliation, and with this
objct la view, the Governor and one of the three
Ja)ges were selected from the Mormons, the Se
cretary , Treasurer and to other Judges being sent
tbitaer from the States. Brigham Young was a p.
pointed Governor cpoo the pertoual indorsetuee
and recommendation of CoL Thomas L. Kane, oi
Pnihtde'pbia, wo had rpent some time in the Ter
ritory, and certified Youug to be a man of great
purity of character, and the Mormons general.y to
be quite s moral as the people of the Eastern
Elate. The dicl ureof their theory and prac
tice of po'ygunv, It is claimed, wore sot made until
soma lime afterwards.
Dimocbatig NoaiK atio.is The Democratic
Convention, which ra-t atSomerville on yeeterdav,
omloatedW. T. Avaft. Esq ,of this city, for Cou-
r rresa, J. K. Walker, S-q., of tils city, for State
Senator, and II. B flu. E-q , of Tipton, f Flow-
l er for the cowniU of Tipton, Fayette and Saelbv.
AW Bui. My 8.
America No Hia a nous. The American Con
vet tioo si Raleigh, nt .), tvituinateti iltaar
D. Small, E-q., aud Q. W. Bathe, Esq., both o.
this any, cau Ii lles t) rep-ett SU I couaiy ia
the next L giia ore. .1. ?'., Mif ft. . ..
Wc had thefUuirj7(r(y of acall front Vr.
WiLuaoroa of the Savauuah .Vravs, and Mr. Giaass
of the ColumbU South Caroiittitn. We treat tbea
genaonea will f.od their tay ia Nashville bot
pWtit ad prtitubla. t ' ' ' ' ' '
We are gratifiad to learo ttiat the DUtorical
cieiyof Tenneaaea tar e determined to Invite tb
lion. Enwaan Ersam to 4Uvr bis leetare
VT.hluton U this city. W Lope no hcads I .
ia Juoe bius to aaieel Will be pu J.
THUESDAY, HAY 7, 1357. '
We give np the greater portion of our
space , to-day to the able address of the
President of ' the American. Medical Asso
ciation. We are sure the ceneral reader
will not complain after he has read.it.
ADDRESS OT i
ZINA riTCIIER, M. D.,
- President cf the American Medical Association.
Delivered on the occasion of the Meeting of thi
Atsociation in Xiathtille, May Ef.A, 1857.
Assembl-d as we are here, nnder the auspices of
the medical profession in Tennessee; meeting in
presence of the citizens of this beautiful citv, hon
ored by representatives from that better part of
our creation, wbo, like the Araartitof Milton, throw
their shadows and shed their fragrance o'er the
waters of the fount of :ire; coming ss we have In coc
rf irrahle numbers from distant portions of the
United States, abandoning for the time being cur
private engagements, aod encountering on our
way hither the hnnrds incident to velocity in loco
motion, as if only to enjoy the social amenities and
the phasores of professional re-union, thru two
question caturaPy ari-e in the mind of those who
are merely witnesses of tbe pectacle presented by
our rsseroblage. "For what purpose is this convo
cation of physicians? What is there in the nature
of their particular pursuit, which prompt them
thus to relinquish its rewards, to for- po the en
dearments of borne, when there is no v ioible mani
festation on their part, of a deignto promote those
objects which center in self interest. t1 advance the
purposes of sectarian ambition or politic-d parti
sanship?" In the ful6Ilment of a duty incident to the posi
tion which I have had the honor to bold for the
pait year, a year full of pleasant recollections to
myself, I ehail, whilst designing in brevity to fol
low the example of my honored predecessors, at
tempt an explanation of the phenomenon we may
be supposed to present to the mind of an intelligent,
bat uninitiated observer.
Before entering upon the task I have assigned
to myself, I beg vnu to indulge me one moment, in
repeating to the Association, mv assurances of grat
itude for tbe distinction I have received at its bands
and for the personal manifestations of confidence
and tbe acts of courtesy, f have received from
mnny of the individual member", the recollections
of which, will linger in my memory and h ssen the
consciousness of my we;ght of year, on the remain
der of n y journey, down the declivity of life.
The ot j-H-is for which the Aesoriiiion was formed
will ever enlit my warmest sympitliieg and com
mand ray active co-operation. I congratulate you
on the happy circumstances by which this anniver
eary meeting ia attended, on tbe evidence of vigor
and the promises of longevity which this Associa
tion derive from its annual migrations. God grant
that its exigence may be prolonged by these an
nual renewal of its vitality, so long as there are
evils for it to reform, or works of beneficence for
it to sccomplish.
To do what I have proposed satisfactorily to
mvelf. wonH involve the necessity of ehowincr the
relation wl ich medicine has held o the rivil au
thority, to the ecclesiastical power and to the so
cial conditi n of the people for all time antecedent
to the date of this organization. This review would
also lead us to consider the relation which free eov-
ernment bear to letters, to science and the arts; a
field too It je for us to occupy on the present occa
sion. We shall endeavor without Nttempting all
this, to present to your view the condition of the
prof. 8?ion at the time this organization sp-ang out
of the antecedent chaos, the cause or causes of that
con ition; whether inherent and incurable, or
whether arising from extrinsiccircumstsnces, which
may be remedied, and whether this remedy is to be
found in public authority, or sought for in associa
ted professional influence.
We remark first that a great and notable lw
marks and gov rns all the wmks of creation. It in
typified in the individual mind in our corporeal
functions in the movements of the race and in
th revolutions of the heavenly hosts: ah are sub
ject to this Ia of periodicity and tUis alteration of
condition manifests itself ev. o in the domain of dis
ease. We have seasons of activity and repose in
ths natural as in the moral world; period of illu
mination and of obscurity of activity and of rest:
in the one case, producing day and nighf, winter
and summer, and in the other those alternation of
social conditio" whieh have been spoken of as tha
Att-e I n ate. lV sgeof drknepa, literally a long
and profound intellectual eclipse to which has suc
ceeded tbe active eva of mental excitement and of
material progress in which we live, by which we
are moved, the sun of which appears not yet ta
have reached its point of culmination.
In all the struggles which have marked the con
flicts between truth and error, ignorance and knowl
edge, medicine has alwoys taken a conspicuous
part, having ever been a faithful auxiliary, when
not a leading elument in every effrt made to ele
vate and improve t ie condition of mmkind, atone
time allied tosieerdoul authority, as m indwellerof
the temples, and at another, incorporated into the
body politic or rather engrafted upon the tree of
In the eatlier stares of civil advancement, in all
those territories once composing the eastern and
western emp refl, aa is the case now in Eurrp,
where cerain forms of government exist, the sov
ereign authority prescribed the modes of worship,
he forms of law and the requirements of medical
pract tioners. U e s tt e vigorous conervHtism of
these existing European .'overnments is relaxed by
the caprice of varn and fooli-b princes, at the so ?
gestion of wicked men or misguided women, the
right to exercise the functions of the pV-yician, is
only conf rred on the most eitifactory proof of in
defatigable culture. Aod in the earlier pages of
our own national history, we find the foo'-priots of
our European ancestors in the records f tuoe sal
utary laws mtde for similar purpose and transmit
ted to us by our pi litical progenitors.
But in the process of time, when our form of
government was changed, when the repository o
sovereignty beciroe inverted, when the power of
the State passed from the few to the many, when
the Sute became nothing and the citizens all in all,
when this segregation of the sovereign power was
rendered complete by the absolute freedom of the
tlective franchise in many of the States, then our
art ceased to have a party in te commonwealth,
as the law which berame the exponent of this new
opinion, the expreufrion of the popular intelligence,
effaced from the putdic record all legal traces of
ili-tinction between tbe physician aod the hypo
Wbeo these ancient legal incentives to study
were withdrawn, a new class of men unprepared by
mental discipline, rushed into the professional arena,
bearing down by their numerical force the few re
maing barriers which society was disposed to de
fend, notwithstanding the abrogation of law.
Tbe political revolution which separated the Ameri
can colonies from the British crown, by loosening
the connection between the church and the State,
iueen-ibly led tbe way to the more complete separ
at ion of medicine from governmental control and
political dependence. Tnese manifestations of pop
ular a' solutism, which swept away the preroga
tives of the clerical and meiical professions,
threatening to involve tbe lw io the same unchar
tered equality, were the remote causes of the pro
fessional abatement, we bad then reached a butriih
atine consciousness of which arou-ed ita members,
who io (he hope pf reinstating ita departed digcity
to form thia Association.
Whatever effect this unrestricted distribution of
political power, through all ranka of society, may
have had upon the social body, It is not our busi
ness to enquire, aa ours fs not a political institu
tion, but ot its immediate influence in reducing
medi ine to a state of degradation, there ia no rea
son for doubting the f iet, nor the propriety of this
exposition, for with physicians, etiology is often a
k y to diagnosis, and without a true palboiozy,
there is neithersafety norceit .inty in therapeu'.ic.
In ireatinr of medicine in its sot-i.l and political
relations, it U not my design, aa I have no wish
eten il the power were inherent, to c'tange In an)
particular our oraoiaiiion, or to a i) vise an eesen
il departure from our pUrts of operation. I bave
pr aentcd t e eu jrctin this lijjht, mors for tbe pur
poa of reviving th courage of members who oiar
have begun to despair of decree, because tle ob
j eta we set out to accouipiuh, have not been at
lime maitt be given for results to mature, as all
social iiituu'kt)S are of alow Aroth. Their roots
deacend slowly into tte socul soil. Those who
clothe snd feed the members of them, must become
imbibed with aeoae ot their i uporuooe aud a o
evaeity lor their advancement, a means of pro
modngtbe public good, else their cooperation can
out be secure Hence our duty ol endeavoring to
anove tne eocial body and all iu drpBdod-, I ke
in boreee of a Gn-oieo Chariot all abrwt, at tviug
at the same time to asiWJ ourselves ac.itirt the
propenriiy li. separable fro to the aUolu'iaia of a
pure democracy, to decapitate every otj-ct that
raise iu bead aoove.tba eurroeo ing social leva.
We haverUied with pbda pbicl accuracv, but
perhape nut with strict regard It liural Li.toric
truth, th.t thia Af .-iiion waa fxmrd to repair in
evils resulting from the daeverd relation of med
icine to the ?4aie eut .ority. W naiever formula we
ese in exprrssing the Idea, er by whatever ration
ale we explain our conception of the eviissaid to
txiat lor wbich it waa ties'gaed to furnish tbe rrn
edy, lb records show t ielits ruiiio waa to reform
the medical school of the United S.aum, and to im
prove the preparatory education of tu Jeute of med
icine. 1 he development of organic boiies drp'odscpoo
the abaorptioa aud auiiuiiauoa of extraaeoea mate
ruls. If mm Law regulates the crowta ef in
t.ituttoaa, It beeo-ne a ouiur of sou interval to
et.quirs wsctbar the scLoola are an out-grotib of
the profession, or whether the profession is the pro
diet of tbe school, for, in either case, there Is a la
bor for ns to perform, and the answer to this ques
tion determines the place of beginning.
Lest a doubt might arise as to the correctness of
the opit ion, we wish to impress upon the profes
sional mind, that socielv itself and not we alone are
Umenable to censure for the abasement to wh ich
ine proteseion of medicine had descended at the d .te
f v Y ,8lc'tei1 existence, let us for a moment
look into the records of the past, to see whether we
cannot find an antecedent er, in which the world
has been subjected to similar moral catoclysms, by
which ancient institutions were broken.up, their
materials converted into drift, to lay tbe founda
tions of newer and more horizontal atrata, from
which we may draw lessons of wisdom applicable
to oor own time and our own condition.
JVe believe that there is no p-riod of ancient his
tory into which that of our art Is intimately inter
woven, presenting more analogies to our own, aod,
at the same time, so (distinctly marked by Strang
antithesis, as that wbich intervened between tbe
death of the Savior an! Mohammed, when for more
than five hundred years, a nightly struggle waa go
ing on between that Divine Word, "who ligbteth
eery man which coraeih into the world," tbe spir
it of the Indian religion and the maj ty of the Kj
man Empire, the latter aided by a fascinating phi.
loeopby, made beautiful by the aesthetics of Loiiki
ginus, each striving for the possession of the hu
Whilst the Empire thus labored to throw i s Jpas
shadow over the infant church, a social disintegra
tion of cates, owing to these strugiltfS and the i'
ruD'ion of barbarian hosts from the north, took
place, and a consequent universal fusion of the ra
ces, languages, and customs, producing an excita
tion of thought, and a bl-n iitig of p -oples analo
gous to th-. social fa-don and the blending of types
of disease, wbich we see daily -taking place in our
own lime and in our country. The minds of men
thus cut loose from their ancient fastenings, sought
new affinities, arranged themselves in accordance,
with those difficulties into new forms, many of
horn wandered into unexplored paths, hoping with
out the aid of a Divine guide to ascertain their re
lation to the unseen.
Thus also did the members of our own profosion
wander into untried and forbi iden paths, in pursuit
of the ideal up to the time this Association was
formed. A faithful picture of the last century of
tl ia historic period, pr.-sents the deepest contrasts
of light and shadow, that can be portrayed iu a sin
gle work of art, . The' darkest hue of vice being
drawn in the same panne! with the purest tints of
virtue. . The church young and vigorous being
soiled by its contact with a paganism inexpressibly
wicked, against which it waged a war, onniiiigted
by acta of mercy.
These outbreaks of emancipated human thought
at each of these epochs, have bad their use: have
produced their frui's late in arriving at maturity,
it is true and especially so will it be with the
germs that are scattered in the midst of the confu
sion of our own times. An abiding faitb, that good
seed, in spite of the tares that may choke it, or the
birds that may devour it by the wayside, will spring
up and produce fruit in good season, baa led me into
this historical retrospect.
During the period to which we have alluded just
sufficiently to show what forces disturbed aud
broke up ancient cWilizUion, we find oo closer
examination, that the laws of the Empire relating
to medicine, though unrepealed, were not enforced.
These laws made it the duty of the provincial
governors to send the youth, subject to their juris
diction, op to the city magistrates, where they were
required to submit to the most rigid system of sur
veillance by the municipal authorities, their con
duct as students, their deportment as citizens, be
ing subjects of official scrutiny. Tbe medical pu
pils under the training of the ArchUtrs or State
physicians were fitted for tbe performance of their
duties iu either the wards of the cities, or in the
towns or villages, whither they were sent b? impe
rial authority, on the requisition of the inhabitants,
who paid for their services a stipulated price.
Notwithstanding these requirements of law were
left unrepealed, the new opinions which had got
poises-ion of tbe popular mind, b ing more piwer
ful than statutes, when infurced by tbe Perab .lini,
a tiody of religious medic il enthusiasts and various
other pretenders, who impelled by the spirit which
animates a p -ople having just been taught to ex
ercise tbe privilege of ju li ig in matters cf faitb,
become prcsumptious in matters of science, nnd by
npj lying this newly acquired rightof action to med
icine, having numerical strength, they overrode
the prerogatives of caste, and trampled uuderfoot
the wisdom of all preceding ages.
Whilst these conflicts of opinion were being car
ried on io an age that produced au Athanasius, a
J. rome, a Chrysostom, and an Augustine, and a
system of Chriati in ethics which absoibed into it
self all that was valuable in the philosop ii s of
Greece and Egy p', medicine acquired celebrity from
ouch namea as Cacsarius, who became an Arch inter
Palatums, Oribasius, whose works remsiu as
monuments of his genius and proofs of his culture;
Actius, Al-xander'of Tralles, an 1 Paulus Euinett,
scarcely inferior in reputation to tbe father of med
iciue himatlf. The lustra of these names seems
but the more expressively to mark the twilight of
that night destined thence to brood over Europe,
whilst tbe materials of the ancient civilization,
brokeo into fragments by a rude and vigorous bar
barium, were slowly wearing away tne characteris
tics of the conquering horde1, aud pr?pring tbe
way for its resppearance iu new forms, through the
instrumentality of tbe Free Cities aud the feudal
institutions of Europe.
During this grneral eclipse of letters, its occul
tation continuing till the art of printing waa invent
ed, we have had furnished to us an opportunity of
seeing how inadi quate statutes alone are to tbe de
velopment of institutions and how impotent they
are even when ai led by professional co-operation,
to resist the obsticles interposed by an adverse
If our dsign has been accomplished, we have
shown that the work of medical regeneration is to
be commenced by tbe profession, hose success is
made dependent upon au intelligent concurrence
of tbe popular judgment, But it raut be remem
bered that in attempting to bring about essential
changes in social life, in public policy, or in the
constitutional relations of the different States, bv
whose happv form of union we are permitted to
me t h re to-day aa fellow-citizens of a common
country, we must keep in mind this fact, that all
orgatiio nature is developed from embryonic exist
encesthat all great changes in opinion have had
their origin in germs, planted long antecedent to
tho production of fruit, and that advances in
science and imorovemente in the methol of its ap
plication to art, bave also had their seed time, their
period of growth, and ever most bave their day of
Uh-tory is fi1d with exemplifications of the truth
of this return k and of evidences of th perpetuity
of this law. Tbe fir-t step on the road to the tran
AtUntie Telegraph was taken by Yolta, when he
constructed the Voltaic pile the next was the fur
motion of the Galvanic Battery. These iuventions
were followed by the discovery that soft iron be
come a magnet when suhj -cted to the action of an
electrical current and resumed its normal condition
aa soon as the current was withdrawn. Then it
was proved that the magnetie action of a current
ol electricity is not l-mnened in intensity by pass
ing through a long wire. Out of these antecedents,
by the help of drove's permanent battery, th- Mag
netic Telegraph was developed and the art of mag
netic pi in ing evolved.
Put for the researches ol V-salius, who hd
traced out the course of the ladeals, the splendid
discovery of Carrey ol the circulation of tbe blood
might have be n a long lime postponed.
Notwithstanding the perennial influence of those
causes to whicD we have ascribed the ten teocy to
professional abasement, we have met here to arrest
and to counteract, there is in the condition of things
by which we are surrounded much to inspira us
with confidence and to stimulus us t exertion. '
We have not now as did those who live I in the
time of our historic analogue, to res s' the pressure
cau'ed by the debris of an iff- te culture.
We have not to coo tend against the influence of
tbose monstrous forms of superstition which grew
out of (he conjunction of Christianity, when defiled
by a co-prtnrabip wi-h the civil power, and tbe
decaying institutions of its Pagan predeceaor,when
a p'lase of credulity was developed which would
prescribe the controls of a mummy cse, in pr f r
euce to the krraaot involved in tbe process of the
manufatture of mummy, once an article ot Egyp
Those poliiieal ceee to which we have allud-d
as tending to diminish the diatAnce between our
pee-exhuiug eoci.l extremes whereby the meoieal
profession lost ita claim to legi.luive protection,
ha'e already produced the sigua of a growing na
tional homogeniety, by fusing and re-casting into
so American mould, the tunous elements ot which
the nation is composed.
. Among these materials so readily amalgamated,
whicH by their youth, energy and pl-stici y, gltaj
us our national character and national manners,
there are eome hich need to fee brought nod. r the
hammer of tbe furge, aa well aa tbe beat of the
furoaee, before they can be welled loto the social
oiae. I el u ie to a cUes of men wearing c lesi
aucel babthmeota, not wUe enough tocompr bead
that the prufeeaiuua are tha growths ot eivil sation,
developed by the tmU and ueceaekies of society,
each oce ha? ing iu part to act In tae drama ol hi-,
nor poaaeaaiug that degree of Til-reepect, wh en
woul I prompt a man not veo claiming to be d -vine'y
called, to avoid the contact of things pro
claimed to be unclean.
Whea I speak of thia els, I do not mean the
great body of Americas clergy men who, instead
of practicing a htterodo meJkio. both pract-ce
and pre-ctt the prceepte of ih.lr Divine Uasur at
things wbkh appertaia to man's sooaJ an I ever
laauttf peace. But I mean a cia, wbo as if bittea
by some Duoral Tarantula, become blinded by a
phretittie diwmpr, and I ke the great advtrry
of the fbilttinea, are ready to put) down the piil.rs
of tbe temple rger.!eee of Uie ruin impeoi bg,
hctbrr ttat ruin involve meple eocUi aUmtut
or lU Ibtrrity of the oatiooaj fabric.
Having, then, In our favor the vigcr and impres
sibility of a new people, the re-ources of a new and
rapid y developed country, the intelligence of a
self-governing population, the augmentations of
that intelligence by the unrestricted importations
of learned works and the immigration ol cultivated
strangers; and without tbe propulsion derived from
a free and active press, we bave a right to expect
success. With such auxiliaries, by a persistent
afsiduily on our part we shall at some future day
enjoy the happiness of seeing our labors crowned
with tbe pageant of brilliant triumph.
- Tbe oce thing already achieved in the adoption
and enforcement of tbe code of medical ethics, i
worthy of commemoration by the observance of
an annual ho'yday. Till then we bad suffered more
from quacktry within the profession thm 'rom ir
regularities without. No that order of things is
reversed. ' : -' -' ".
From a survey even of tbe surface of society
we learn how soon the knowledge derived from
medical sources strikes ita roots into the popular
soil. Take as an example the suhject of organic
chemiitry, and w shall see how rpidiy its print i
pies are passing into the stock of general inulli
gerca. The numbers are daily on the increase, in
every community, of those persons whf5 know the
necessity of nitrogenous articles of diet when re
pails are to be made in the fibrous and areolar tis
sue, und bow important an agency the cirbo hy
drogenous are supposed to exert, by increasing
combustion in the removal of certain mortil con
d tions of the lungs. In this way the mutual rela
tions of the profession to tbe people is made appa
rent The instruction commutiiisated by the scien
tifia phvsicisn is refunded to him in the increased
capacity of the people to appreciate his worth.
We have spoken of the profession s the pro
ducts of a general culture, to which in our country,
they must of neces-ity bear a fixed and d'finit- re
lation, and of the reciprocal icfl iences they an I
the society out of which they spring, exert upon
each oth r. We have shown iu a sin-tie eximpl
hv what apparently simple quotations iu scientific
di covery, men are led to great prictioal remits
As an incentive to indjstry aud as a reason for con
fidence in slow but certain succe-s, we will detain
you one moment longer, in a hasty sketch of the
materials for thought that arise out of the contem
plation of the field of nature, such a scene being
as suggestive of thousht and as full of instruction,
as the examples furt-Ubed by tbe (.chieveuieuts of
In adjusting our telescope, to study the features
of some snow-clad mountain, the orgao of vii-ion
perhaps takes in the form of aa enterprising ex
plorer, whose feet still aparkling with ice as he des
cends from its summit, will cruhout life frsgra tee
of the plants whim spring up to a-reel him as he
walks downwards into the v. Hey of fl iwers F.om
the eminence attained by his eulerpriz-, hecouli
trace the course, and measure the elevation of
the mountain chain, which give origin and direction
to the rivers, tflvci the commeice, the Linguag. s
and mierations of men, fix the character of tbe
vegetation, tbe abode of its mammalia and the ha
bits of its population.
Subsittisry to the ioteres- excited by this scene
as a land-;cnpe, but not subordiua'e iu importance,
lies the geological formation of tbe ranges which
contain their mineral productions, give character
to their fountains and increase to tue variety and
beauty of the vegetation, both on the slope, of the
mountains and iu the va leys below.
Although a scene like tbis may excite emotion
in the bosom of a savage and awakeu a sentimi-nt
of adoration for the majesty and power wtiic'i can
give such grandeur to nature and ven pass frjin the
mind ot an ordinary observer without any other
expenditure of thought, v. t to master it as a sub-
jtct of scieniifls study would require a pr.p ratory
knowledge or what is contained in tne writings ui
Werner and Uuttooand Miller on Geology, of Cur
vier and Buckland on Paleontology, ol Geoffrey,
it. Hi.liare and Agas-iz, on the races of ra n aud
the migration of animals, of M. B.l u on btnuo
, graphy, and of Linnteus aud De Candolle and Tor
, r y and Gray ou Botany. And to condense t ie
; whole into the congress of the -'Cosmo" would re-
quire the genius and longevity of a Humboldt.
What is there then gentlemen, left for us to do,
' but to declare the perpetuity of thia Association
nd renew our vows of fidelity to the requirements
! of its constitution 1
. In this procUmati to and in these vows are iovo'ved
the pledges, that in our professional acts we will
f nonnr the Drincioles of moral law. wbich lie at the
foundation of our code of Medical E:bics. That
we will use our individual, influence and so try to
direct the power of this association as to recure a
higher mental culture to medical sta leuis aud cau-
diilates for medical honors. When that ia aucom
' Dlished the medical schools will rise in character as
. a correlative effect, and the profession estaOlish for
. itself a legitimate claim to public confidence aud
popular esteem. Our custom of meeting in eacu
successive year, in a different State of the Uuiou,
i prevents the decay of the body, by tbe introduc
tion of new material: and we illustrate io this way,
; the doctrine of zymoeis, ty lhe rapid assimilatiou
- ot these new elements into tne common mars
Another custom of fie Association has done much
to bind it to the indivi iuul States, that of shedding
ita honors upiothe profession of the Sute iu wbita
; the meetings are held, through which we hope to
secure the sympathies of the p:ople, andenlial them
as allies in the warfore we are engaged iu, egaLei
the hosts ot ignorance
A denarture from the established usa;e of the
. Association in either of these particulars, wou d
' mark the date of its decline, both in vital 'orce aim
mental visor. Anv restriction nut upon its freedom
of motion, or attempt m da to c utralixe its iuflu
! euce, would enstamp it with the seal of decay.
But if the avenues to material success are so di-
. rectand rilliant, that the tal-ot of the couutry u
i tempted to take the shorter road toweaUb. wnereoy
' we fail in our attempt to lay the foundation ol a na
i tional m dical literature, iu holding up a aigh ex
t emplarto the medical student, by teacoiog him the
' necessity of a thorugh Drenratoy uisciphue be-
I fore commencing proteaiooal studies, aud urging
him by tbe force of opinion t master the eleme nts
of h a profession before assuming the responMbti ties
I wbich attach to the discharge of its duties, we may
vet in one wv eave our traces unon the national
character aod our foot-prints on the national history
in tbe ball Jing of one day io our annual calendar,
on the recurrence of which we may have by the
r example ol our patriotism, tbe stamp of nation
ality, in bringing to our serine no sectional pas
s ous, and so conducting our proceedings that bril
liant memories shall adorn our anuals, the names
of our celebrities be embalmed as national benefac
tors aud the anuiversar.es of this Association, in
honor of their s rvbi s, shall foim by popular con
sent, one of the holidays of this glorious Kepul.c
Olten in thecrisesof sectional commotion tbe moral
necessity of a common shrine, a national feas', a place
a time, or a memory aacred to fraternal sympathies
and general observance, appals the patriotic heart
witn r gret, or warms it wun desire I Were suciia
oucleus lor popular enthusiasm, such a goal, lor a
nation a pilgrimage, such a day for reciprocal gra
tulation our own a time when the oath of fealty
could be renewed at the same altar, the voice of en
couragement be echoed from every a ction ol the
confederacy, tbe memory of what bas been, the
appreciation of what Is, end tbe hope of what may
be, simultaneously felt, what a bond of Uuion, a
motive forbearance, and pledge of nationality woulJ
be secured 1
Bay tbe blerahg of the Divine Founder of our
holy religion, wbo, nineteen hundred years ago,
went up to Jerusalem, wi h bis dieciLles to cele
brate a national feast, may the proceedings of Ibis
bo ly be so overruled, that tie reco 1 jctious of this
meeting nt Nashvill to-day, when aofteoed by the
moonlight ot memory" may brcouie a hallowed
event ta tbe annals of our yearly migration. .
teparted this Ufa on Tueadar moraine. May stti, Mr.
Jon M. IIoLtiaa, aged S3 years.
The subject of thia brUf notice had Dot been a raaidant
of our city many years, but he had been with aa aoffl-
eiDtly Iodi;, te win aa amiable reputation anab. a rep
Dtattoo, too, aa thoae who knew him beat, and te bom
h was moat audeared aa San and Brother, will not only
take pleaaure ia rameruberiBi;, bat which may aaft y be
held op before the young as a bright and worthy txam
pie for their eloae Imitation. lie waa gentlemanly in
hla deportment affabla la hia manoers amiable ia dia
position kind and affectionate la his eonduct and
determined In his purpose to be upright ia all tha dutiea
of hia atuioa la Ufa, When exposed to the ever vary
Ing aeenes and temptations of elty life, he sbietded
himself from those fascinations and allurements, by
beeomiag a member of that Inimitable band that com
peas the "Toner Mens' Christian Association," and
sooa wan their confidence and esteem. Ia early life he
consecrated himaetf to the service of his God, and the
Church, (the second JreabyterUn of this eitjr.) and
the Sabbat a School, of which he was a devoted and
oaalstent member, aow moaras his early departure
But the real graces of his character ware probably mora
beaatlfolly exhibited during hia last Illness thaa at
any ether time. Alt that medical skill, and faithful
aaralng, (and soch Darting too, which is rarely met
with eatslde the bo-ooa of one's era family). eeaMdo,
was dose. If sympathy and affection If even the tear
of those warm hearted too eg men. ha sorreuDdeal hia
bed, cou! hare saved him, he would aow be here bat
he has geoe I and "like tbe aeuiag soo, while his path
way had beta all along brightly niuttlaaud, la his
dartlne, ha shed forth a flood of glory oa all area ad."
Death had ao fear for him- his hope was la God his
treat la IiitSttedeemer, and, thoogk sailed la the sserniog
f Ufa. ha was ready ta obey the sammoea. acd we lan
aot doabt he baa csahaagxt thJs world w for a world of
Joy, aaapeaksble and rati or gtery. Kay thooe k:ad
eempaiiloaa, wbo sarreended hia beat of stckaeas and
death, ever remember hia a flag admonition-"Soa, gift
ma thy Heart.' , C. W, i.
rpa fotea who k a fhw frn Mr. Footer!
I pu'y flay Bight, (UmiLi a for by i-e
tl at tt't oil! -e. J"" I
StjokeD 8ALZ05 buaou4Ustt
Lessee and Ltanager.
.J. U. HA&PhK.
pHI seventh night of tbe engagement of the celebrated
HEW OELEAKS OPEEA COXPABT.
eompriiiog the following talented artiata:
MIJl ROSA LI K DCR4N3),
UliS GEORGINA HOnSO'V,
Mil rtno. LVStTR.
mo. pka& trevor,
mr. Robertson. '
TIICRSDAT KTENINQ. Mar Tth. Will be omental
Doaiaelti'a beantiful O. era entitled
To mot row Tr dTl eveninr benefit of M1BJ E08ALII
II err Leopold Ton Setback, Musical Director.
tW Box OfBre open from te 13 M., and t to 4 P. M.
where seats may be aecared ky application to J. II. Habpsb
Fashions for M&y.
TRAN'K LKdLltl QAlZftt 0? 1TASHI JS3 tor May ost
received by HAQAM a BUO.
TIIC SOUTHERN ADVOCAT,
IW2TTS YILLE, ALABAMA,
Hai the largest circulation ot any paper in North Ala
bama, and is, therefore, a most desirable drertiiing
Medium fir those deiiring to communicate with the Publio
in that entire region, through oe channel. It circulates
rern generally in Madison, Morgan Limestone, Lawrence,
La derd le. Franklin, Jackson, Marshall, DeEa'b and
Blount counties, with whict counties Nashville Is in daily
connection by rail-oad, and In a few hours. Advertise
ments correct'y and conspicuously inserted at reasonab'e
Reference is had to the Editors of the Patriot, and of
tbe Uuinn A American, in Nashville. Addres
May T-2w W. B. FI'ICRES, Huntsville, Aa.
Valuable Historical Works
For Sale by-
CHARLES W. SMITH.
Ro'lin't Ancient Uistory. in 4 vols;
The Qi-ena oi England, by Agnes Btrtck'and;
Tbe Q'iens of Fcotlx- d, by Agnes Stricklaad;
Baocro's Hi'try of the United States;
The French Revolution, by M. A. Thiers;
Lamtrtine's His'ory of tbe Girondists;
R turner's Political History of Er gland;
Macauley'a History of England;
Gro'e'a HUt ry of Greece;
Robertson's Charles the Fifth;
Arnold's Later Romaa Commonwealth.
A II' story of Eng"ani, ill us 'rated with nameron wod
Bit', published by Charles Koljit Co., London, which wiil
be sold very cheap a a msy7
ALL pe-son having claims aeainst the estate of W. H.
w h'tehead, Uec'd, are hereby notifl-d to file them with
John Woodward, Judg of the C'ftnty "ourt of R brton
cou-ity T?nn , on o before the ISth or September 13 I. for
Probate Distribution, as Ihive thiiday reeularlv u?eested
the nsoWencyof the ma e f ibe an id W. H. Whitehead,
dee'd. BW. II C MCRPHRET, Adm'r,
MyT-3t. of W. H. Whitehead, deo'd.
H!VD FOIl SALK.
BT virtue of a decree rf the hoorable Conn'y Court of
Ruber son couniy, Tenn., ra de at its May t"rm 1S57,
1 wll , on FrWay, the 6th diiy of June 1SS7, e!l at the late
residence of W lliam An eraon dee'd the remainder of his
land after larinfr off to the widow her dower, on a cr dit
of one and two years the purchaser giving note and ap
proved secu ity and a lien will be retained for the pavment
of the purchase money. B:ddi"g tn op-n st th ee dollara
per cr. R. II. MURPUREY.
May 7, IS.' 7.-3 1. Special Lommissloner.
TWTUED a neg o women by th name of Isahel'a. to Mr.
M i. len on Broal st. for the presen' ye r, aince
she has ran away S 'e i of a bright copper color a out
31 years old medium tize has very een sparkline eyes,
he' front teeth are very bad she freqn-ntly wenra false
teeth aid ear ringr I hav.i no doubt ut what ahe is in the
citv I will eive tbs above reward for her delivery to me.
May 7, 1857. R. W. PORTER.
COVBINED REAPING AND
T the reit Indian V'ate Trial of Reapers and Mowers,
XX June2. tT, gs. 13 o at Kicrm-'n under the ttree.
t'on of 'hi Ht ite C mmi'te?, the P r t P-e-'lu of a I':)
Silver Pitcher was awarded to 'h Mannf Machine for -'olrg
ita wo'k the best, and for betnz the be-t combined Machine.
Tn eornpetitl n at the mil were twelve o her kinnaot liar
ve.tirg Mach nes; ura-ni tho e sctutlly put to the test in
the fluid bv the ro-u'nittee, were the Atkins PeH-Ri-k'r,
New York 8elf-Kker. Mann a Kon's Indiana Self Raker,
M ic' uetta Sell-Halter. DanfleH'a Combined Machine,
nnd Riker, t York tUnd-Kaker. Dei s Duhim
Hod-Rkerandthe Ken oev HirvosterOomb'ned. Tesa
were all. w th one exception, ombtned Ma-hi rea. Thera
were a'so ever-d other kinds of Machines on trial aea nst
the Minnv Machina. The trUI Intel througl th'ee 'aya.
and txe Mann Michloe was t-iumphant in the fJa'd A
First P-era am ht at o heei awards i the M inny Machine
as a mower, tbe Kenmcky Harvester consenting.
Decision of the Committee vpon the trial of Reap-
ert and Mover.
We, the undersigned, a committee appointed by the Ag
ricultural Bureau ot Tennetseeto examine and test Mow.
Ing M chines a id report tbe result to tbe Bureau at its
next meeting, in execa ion of said trnrt. appointed Thurs
day, June 6th, to teat the live diD.rent Mower.entered
v i: Manny's Combined heaper and M isr; Marn' Self-
Riking R a er and Mower combined; Ke'rhnm'. M wer;
A ulna' Pelf Rik'ng Keape' and Mower combined, and
Drf'is Uunt.a ii'i Hsra-rower Keiper and Slower.
Wednesday, J ne Uib, was appom ed to ta t the Reap
ers that were enteie I. aa follows:
Dd.ts Dunham's R-aner Atkins' Pelf-Raking Reaper,
Manny's Reaper, New Vork Tiaad- .aklng Resper, Mann's
ttelf-Kaing Hea er, aod the New-Y .rk eif-ltaiog Reaper.
In tne result ol our judgment, the aeard Is given to Man-
ny's, aa Uie Det touiB ned uachioe.
V. 8. PIJKARD, 1
J. C. U lltKlrt. I
J M. KNIGHT, VOommltUe.
W. u. HAkDIiG, I
F. R. RAINS, J
FOR SA LE BY THE UNDERSIGNED A T
JOHNSON k HORSE'S.
Price, Two Horse Machine $13 Fjor Horse Machine 1180.
. F. CIIGATIIAM,
apr28 General Agent for tha State-
a. o. oaaTia. riux. a. m'kiv. b. raoLcosaa.
CARTER, M'KAY & CO.,
(Soccesrors to Davis, Pllcher k Co.)
AUCTION AND COMMISSION WHOLESALE GRO
CERS RECEIVING AND FORWARDING
aso DBAiasa m
FINE BRANDIES, WISES AND D0MFJTIC LIQUORS.
IV o. 73, Public Square,
Lapgc Arrival ot Groceries,
TTBT re-etve'l h late arrivals:
O 10-hhd.N.O Suar;
v0 bags R o CoHse; -tn
" Salt. R o OviTee;
85 J va OoSee;
fO bbl M i'ase:
73 X bba MUsea;
S3 hhis Svrup;
4a ii 10 1 tils 8y rap;
13 iaf. Pepper;
18 " Spe;
19 " Ging n
8 eeroona In-ligo;
75 gr ss Mason Blacking;
S3 '.his M .eHeirl;
gX Lbs Mackerel;
230 a os Pa n'-ed H no eta;
HIM hse Sao;
1KC bixea and Chests Tea:
Mi b,x-e eiaauraarcd To
bacco aaiortei brand.;
10" dos Brno as;
T3 ds Wa h Boards;
60 dos Slave.;
S SbxaHttf Candles;
60 bx 9,rm "
liK) boxes Tal-ow Caadles
IS'J.MW D. O-p-;
bo dos C tton Ba Cords;
73 do Jjte Bed Cons;
fr dos Hemp Bed Oord.
S dos Plough Line-;
ti Reels Coitoa Kupe;
lubbt Al nonis;
Sd ne-ta Punted T b;
1 hags ViliK-its,
SO doa B as Bo-md Baoketa; It bags EngiUa Walnaea;
t aets rlour Bucketa;
10 Irai s Dates
SO ntU X-Uaahela;
T X Reams (jlog Parxx-SOboae-8!Ch
83 bow. 8m klng T naoco;
S3 tars M us bny HnutT
ftdbex s Mr und Pepper;
IS hoses O ound Cint;noa;
libixes round !"ptce;
lit boxei Ground Clovts;
50 bbis Orashed 8 igar;
X.I bl Po dered uf jT,
I 0 b ia CO flee SeTar;
ft Ko-k Uan-I;
60 min aa orwd PuKlea,
half tall ua
60 b.xa auorUd Pickles,
tl hoiet Peper larjca
8 eases BMtn-s;
frl casks S 0. dxla.
60 sis 8. C. tda (extra In
J-Vl g-)-ia Matches;
41 grow) Tie-;
T '3 k gs Nail ;
S'Si aeirs W u 'e Lea-J ;
TJnesta Market Ilvkri;
13Ubbl ee lied Whisky;
SO Obis White Whl-k.;
t.ba Coaitry Htu.ky;
fl bo s Am. Brandy,
10 bbis Am. bin;
10 bbis 8. M. ft iue;
l'H bbis Ciuer Vioega ;
H bxs Cheap a;n Cider,
61 Bast. Cn.opagn; R'd
04 doaco Strupa, RaspherrySial, C. Heidaica in oUiera;
SHrawoerrv. Uinee, Sarsapa- ea-ks Yo4ov P'e A ;
ri la and Pin A pW; ". H ir a bob P.U Ait;
Iw) boxes f ea.i ro'ders - eka ailanp 'ale Ale;
60 dos -a Doubey A Sju Mas. 40 eas B ow. Burnt a Porter;
tard; Sim Beds Piusiali A s;
400Deiaij-hos. Mbbls -
la Bexeafala-a Tamblars; to bums lad i a
77 hosts Ulaa. Jart;
li.'.ow cigars or all Brand;
HO Segi uead;
f3o baas S--01;
3 j bi x s tiiDg Java;
3 i Gru a brand atlliw;
iO Bxca tfeks hUxuas:a Cil Bow Salt;
isms, la eka te .rs aod Fine Salt;
tSv&tset Brandy; 600 aca TW 8IU
J Oca LSHLaf Baskets;
B casks Coiled Vmeyiurd Propnevers Brandy;
casta crwry Wibr;
I ca.t M .der a Wiae.
Tae-e LHtaura er lofht of the ea'ebrated boese sf J.
O. a J. ho.tr, New (fork. AW la aura (3 bo III aye
Whiao; t& W. Ok. BoarBja Whuky, and a gMa iweormaat
of o d !.. s aid CbaaipHiae.
W 1st ita the trad M give as a eal); and etamln war
su a 0. trait, McK r a CO.
apI li Pm Is quara.
Mc GAVO OXSL,
THE GREATEST AND BEST CARD CF Alt.
TBI rropneiova ef McGavack are spar.tg M pjas to
at ibe.r ssewail saie, adver im W Ooca . ff
"iLf ." eT trM'" '"
Aui.a pUe u. ataaat 1 a. They wdi aa that eee.aa eflee
lb pajowingeatraCMMnary loJaeewMaU t purcbcra a4
M.U.rt : Tue Benust a ho an that day pareaaa. a U-m k .a
ss pried h am aav eue-ha f ef u. mm,. .
aba'wd; that K Ih twtl awi p, JWBI, ,u MrreaJerd
i kia. Tfce lrsra wka, wHva 11 dtea.Mi lorn Uie ar
sal-.rrweiaUMi fcai Svral sad kwt dwetllLf. wi l kav k
a law! BsgtT Rjr ibeWtbai lvaarrta.Ur d t U
' pa'cars ut ka aha, wlJu li s.o bt loxm .be Say
at aaie will tree. a iketr l s as.t aa4 m laauU asiii-
tags, srona aoA Iwa U-a tm w.li aara lb lis-cat a tba
B4a ef taa Va4 biui rfjftJ,i tli. Ti taka
place om the ircabda, Mu.SDAT.U. Iltk UmuisA, at 1
s'ck, a. Jt. Tu Brat an 1, 1. 1 and 4 yars tor .
Bw r ae intorL tbe ttra tree sa i tu"r ee-4rd aa4 a
IksMmSiI AvaryBealy wi I auajd. WiMS atU draw tha
Brtaea 1 Cf eryeo fcM a U chx.
aaa.I 4 a. T, t; USrittT;
a iea ltZ?Tt iai h f til
Misiapw av P. fe .w..
Bruoa's Auctions. .
Up re failures I
STILE. THEY CO.TIEI
JCST BTCnTKD direct from the .t, with orders to sell
imraediatelVi toelo-e at diOerent eMatltrhmenta, oe'
One H jodred T'oana uiiia a worth of Rio II, Pl.Ni aad
VAI UABLt PtOPKHTV, from ut m4 te be tbe first
Kouartiin New Tork. Gail and exaroioe bv-for parch atog
eUenhtre. This stock Is we.l worth tbe attoiioo ot aJ
8a'e will eoranienre every night it ear:y gaa-lighC
8-o.k eonalata of a larc assortment of fine bear a-okl
cased English pa tent lever homing Watthrs; HA eer Wat
-h-8 all ainde; a large assortment of fiae Ooid Jewelry, coq
tiitiogof Carofoa, vioeiai', tiold 8'ones, Ploriouoe-, Caii
ornia Diamonds Ranira, ota tnaine, aeya, raooua,
Pena a largj lot ol Fancy GooJa; Cutleiy, Plate Aare.ac,
Merela-iM, Pediers and the trade geoerally, are paru
calory advise 1 to call and examine thia stoea
uood.put apla q iriiiuea u suit buyer. K ery article
warranted as reprosenud. Terma easy. M, C BhCCaU
ujji Anctioneer, ve ar swwi.
PATENTED July 20, 1853.
THI3 Hive has Uk'n ths Brat premiums at th State ard
Ou-'t Piirs in Yt , N. 11 Mass., Iud. and Ohio, in tb
Fa I of ISM
With this Hive any n miv keen bees with perfect safe
It and success, Ince ail difficulty aod ancer jdnty are en-
t re'y removed.
The Bes m y be -nade tosicnrm fem one or more Wra.
or may be conducted into snv n'lirbe of bives without
ttmrming and st-l hav a full rupp'y of Qneni
T ie iw-es are enfrsny prole ua from Me Bee-JIofh and
other 'n'ets, wh ei an o and ruin the Bees, ibis we
vxirrant. It anaged acirding to he directions which are
give i in the book.
The Bee h ve an opportunity to f xtrelse In tne Spring,
and clear the fthh from iheir hives, aithout flying eut to
die on the snow.
Tbe filth can at any time be removed front ths hives with
out disturbing tl e Bee .
Tbe B;et can te trans erred asonen as necesiary, to five
them new comb, an 1 without killirg them.
It prevent" all Doesibili'-v of iobbiD, while feedinr.
It is thoro glily sentilated throughout feed-drawera, hives.
honey boxer, and chanbers.
The work and prrgresa f the Bees may Be seen la tne
hives, hones-boxes and feed rawers.
Di trict n iCountr Kl Ms for sale ia the State of Tennes
see, wi h Boi ks. Bill of Feed Ac . givi g full directions for
making the Biv and managing the Bes. All letters and
commuoica'ioosto be addressed to D.CS81E4, ,
May 7 2m. Nashville, Tena.
AUCTION SALE OF GIIOCIIH I ES,
Carter, M'K.ay & Co.
fN THCR'riAY, the Ith of May 1357, at 10 o'clock, A.
V M., we will oiler lor sale
s') hhis f near.
150 this Wbiskv:
10 hnls Am. Brandy;
10 bbU 8. M. VY.ne:
Si boxes Otard Brandy;
150 boxes Champaign Oder;
80" bags ColTee:
23 bbla cuahed Sugar;
S3 bbl- powdered do;
60" kegs Sa ls
li'O dosen Pain'ed BrcVets;
SO boxes fperm Candles;
100 boxes Bar Soap;
M boxes Faocv oap;
60 Atten Hemp Bd fords;
Si boxae Smoking Tobacco;
dm casus -uper t arn eoda;
130 bsa Glassware,
60 ok sea Sieve;
83 di s-n Oi.ffee Mills;
N dotn Jute Bed Cord
40 biles Grass Mat
60 dos-n Cotton Bed Cords; V doseo Zinc WaahSoards;
l't frails Dates: 75 bhl Cider Vinegar;
T3 boxes Herrings; ou daen Brooms;
1H'i,f On etra Cipars; b) gross Blacking;
60 reams Wrapping Paper; SO reels Cotton Rope;
1' 0,0. sj 6. D. Caps: 60 gross k'a chee;
IN) boxes Manuf. Tobaeco; ltiO boxeaaaorted Pickles.
8 i bbis Smith's O. R. Whisky;
XSf City and Country dealers are especially invited to
attend this sale, as allot th articles are Iresb.
may 5 -Id CARTSW, M'KAT k CO.
The Unsurpassed Roadster
fsHI1 .hoiocrh French horse snd tl eof ore g odaad
JL rle and bsreesi horses, than auy other that hs been
tried in th 8'm will make hia season for 8i7, at his old
st nt.fi em ile from Naiftville, at ln 'ollar the season,
M res wi l hsva the best of tare. J A3. J.M iNKDK.
Pos'otli-e, Franklin Ccl.ege. Ag'nt.
mayS I It.
HAGAN & BRO.,
Book Sellers and Stationers,
So. HO Market & o. 6 Uniou St.,
HARPER'S MAGAZINE for May, just recetvd by
apr29 HAGAM A BRO.
GDET'S LADY'S BOOK FOR MAT just received by
Aprtiai HA?t A BRO.
TAGG ART'S SERMONS. Sermons by Charles Mason
Taggart, late Colleague Pastor ol the Unitarian Church in
Charleston, S.C. With a Msmoir. By John H. Hey wood,
One vol., 12mo. Price U5. m
DjRDER ROVER. Tbe Border Rover. A new Bovl,
by Fmtnerson Bennett. Two vols., paper, fl.
VIVIA. Vivia; Or, The ferret of Power. A new Ro
mance, by Mrs. South worth. Two vol s., paper. Price, f 1
For sale by HAGA k BRO.,
aprft Market st.
Roytl, Medium, Den.1, and Cap sues, full bound.
Cap sixe, ha f bound.
Memorandum Books, with anl without locks.
Pass Books, alt sixes.
Railroad Rere pts, for lb N. A C. snd T. k A. Railroad,
Bills cf Lad ine, Arro'd's Fluid, Mayaard k Noya's Ink,
Onisot's and Arnold's Crd Inks Hot ing Paper. Sand,
Quills, Le'ter and Cap Paper, Account Paper, Eovasopes.Ae.
For sal by apr29 sa 'C HAS. W. SMITH.
GET THE B 1ST."
Webster's Quarto Dictionary-,
Unabridged For sale by all Baoltsellers.
Medical Journal and Review.
C- HAPPOLDT, 91. D , Editor and Pabilihsr.
TheTeel'b volume of this Journal eommenetd with Jan.
oary,lS57. It la ludepeodeot of svery local Interest sad
1 tl lence, and is devoted to the in ere-U of ita Patrons,
and to the advaniem nt and dissemination of sound views
an I correct t bier vatiOiis.
Tbis Journal ia ieu1 on the Brt of every alternate
month. Lacn number eomprisrs one hundred aod lor'y
fonr octavo raes, and eon -ioa a rTf.El, t.NGaU VaD PyK
IRAirtf adiatmguished Medical Man.
he volume beKins witn tb Ja uary. and Is completed
withihiN vcmoer issue. It will thus contain sis portraits
and eight hundtvd ond sixty-four pates ol reading ma ter.
Terms (4 per annum, in advance, wiiich entiil ihr sub
scribsrtor eeive h s number free of postage- fuKicrlpion
bef n- wi h ths January nu brr. Tha Portraits above ara
wortn more thaa the sub cr p'ion money: ami f literary
ad Kiem.fio merits of the work, are second to none in th
United eta es. Its lUbscr'ption list is rspidly increasing;
aud it I brought to the atte.t.oo. oi the rrofSion. tlirough
out the South western Suites and tbatth advantagea u af
A) 'da may be enmrcd b the many who may not vtt bav
baJ arce to ita paiva.
tf" Persona wiitiing to aubsrrib should address as by
leti er, enclosing ft ebith will be at our rlss if the trtter is
registered. 0. U Al POLDT, 3 I).
u.Aj j2t. Cbariaston,!. 0.
0W15OT0THE ITU iTEEOTTS APPUCAHOSS DS.
D' ALTON WILL EXAIN A TW SATS
CORNS AND B UNION'S.
T. II. D'A L T 0 X, 31. D.,
LATE SURGEON PEDIST
"fV) th Roval Families of r nil ml. P'aaea and Portugal,
I from Regent street Londun, and Phasnlx lede. Isle of
M , bears to make known, tbt having rteooUy arrived ia
New Orlean-, on a prof sioaai and plea urw touraf this
grit new wold-Am-rica he is at pree"t, 00 a visit of a
fcjw daya oniv. to h Asll VIL'.B, durioe wh:eh tisae he nay
b- eomai'.d by tho affl cte with CORNS wl'ber hard or
soft; Brxmm cnrvrdoroiherwle troubl-soTiK.NAIL.;
ail of wnws. hever loog stndin or bat, h gnarait
H cure FFFECrCAILT and PEaWASRNTLT. la the shot
spare of a (Vw wilnaus, without ths BLiarrravr rats oa IX
cowvsiiiraca, either riurinr Ihelr removai or afterward, aod
upon ler ns so strtrtly ra onab'e aa to place bis service
within the roach of ail wio req lire ibrna
Dr. li' A ton. on-u tiog-roo-a 'm No. II, St Cloud Hotel,
Pashvi'le, arivals en ranee next done to tne right of the ho
tel eAoeaVmr, bwea ii and th I. tra' Eniraaea, and has
no e oneios aha ever with th more Bob te p rte of the
Hotel. Ooosolut on brass ftra 10 o'cl ock, A. M., till 1
eiock, P. so I from t till 3 P. M. dail. daring his very
llmi d 'tay.
Or D' AI'oa does not visit under any circumstance, and
will B very parUcaar to tbe abev ho ara
raoa iia'S wonns, asq. imuir, BAswvnx.
Da. I' Ai-Toa has ex ractad th.m ay (mi sight earn with
out p4in. and I think, permanently. They were rerta'nly
takeo out by Hi rooU JAML3 VVOOkeV.
be. Cuiro bir. l, April CO, 1557.
raw rsis aiv. j. v.aoasa, b , SAsrvrus, .
Dr D'Alti-o has thiame-i Ing rives as quit a satt factory
prwf wf his xte-une skill, ia a- epwauoa ea one ef ssy lo
nails, wliwh had Wng been trMibiaoa to BM
Bv t Loco Iktil, Apri W, lil, J. T.EnO AR.
From Mr. W. D McLanahan, of th flm of Andersoa, AiU
sob A Ca , try Uooiia Mercbaata, a.hTilla
D'. DAlten has extrrelrd threw f eras fraoi a Baaiow ew
mv left foot. The op atioo waa performed a a wmmi axpa
dl-kius painleta,aod ata tarty aaaaoeetaDd atft-rded tenaa.
dlate relief. W. P. McLA.N AUA.t.
Sr. Mokb Lovcl, ArB ST, 1S5T.
rraas Or. 0. T. Bxtt, rrepnator ef th St, Coad Betal,
TH. TVAltoa eal'ed asv atteotioa ta aa eweratiea he paw
Sar me 4 7.tertiy asoretegaa ia itreaa twaaail at ay a
gvatiemaa, wkira, f g-ew ag sa lata lb stowa, h S
arouhta an mar-aalFPati wblatWy asdrsevapt
4lr. aad. as sti4 ky te piiat.was a aswro wt pir.
BMaslaaJ urincmu paia- TaaWUr bas rin.wiaw sx.
ue t4 seserai . av-bbarw aa4 aoft. Bam asv wa
fret lb 4 aoraeg. aad 1 base aa Balboa la praaoaaoiag
ik aperauoa, la tb wwaA aaMatina, per (act aad
..misstlirrrsi'ssswa' k.ant af, ef aapeneseed
NaaU, sprit asih.tT, i. T. PCOTT.
pT X'i 'o hs likewla rreeived aacnuraaa othev kwtU
atanlaki ia M.airhla, ks a af lbs bgaet rvpew
afctSif, ni'9e C at. T.rarr, Esq., alawBey, AVe f. O.
SUK-Saa, kq . Baeker, aad a eUwra.
H as it a wise teivd aiasltas sswtlasaaiats W Johm
C lie. M t. P. rlacaaoia, M. D, . M. tH-kaa, M,
D , i J. T?Re. M-S ti. Chaians, tA. iut,
k., , U M.icarf. fheriff, L M. Manbaa, Caw,, loan P.
aiworih. . Usary S. E-dll, Esq , C, arg, Awaaasl
thera of ttieSL
Laws Irna Sajaaai A. Ca-SW'tsht, M. TA. its snd sa,
Ba eaaaf lb mm a it pkrxruas ta taw'h, frwa t.
L Crawawor, M. U. PM f -mat af i k- mVT, waaj C award, M.
U. rawsoe af Ana'n.s aad Use in f, aad aibar waaal d
kwa pr-notiJ ea W aa af hkataavdiog ta bkw? OS.
LtsMt, t ana tbeaMaHts B-ims aairaua, wargeona,
Ita at!iiy, vty aad (a ry af an dwis ta Sfp,ma
Ba . suA.uk.ia dartaf ocnmlv&Coa avusrs.
History of the American Medi-
' cal Association.
yr- T. BEHRY A Co., have u-t 'eceiveil
HISTOHT OF THE AMERICAS' HELICAL ASSO-
CIATI05, from the organisifion np to Jan- ary.sjjs,,
by ft. 8. Davis, M. D. To whka. is added Biogrspb cal
No ices, with portraits cf tbe Presidents of the Associa
tion Ae. I ml 8vo. '
W. T. BKBET A C", have also on sale a large eoUeetion
of MTDICAL BCCZS 1
FEN PORTRAIT BY MACAU LAY.
Vf. T. Berry & fompany .
Biographical and Historical Sketches
T. BABIXGTOM MACACXAT,
1 vcl, 12mo., cMh.
THIS VOI, CM E BT WA5ACLAT.
Contains Lives and Bkrtche of th most Distinguished
Men, aa will be en by a peroral of the list of namea
Aobrey de Tere. Earl of Ox.
f ns rls Talhct,Ear:of Shrews,
fhas.Fack vine, Farl cf Pert
Vm. W lisms, folic, Gen.
Charles Ur I',
Pr. Vm. Sheerlock,
f amoel Johmon,
The Earl of Clarerdon,
Tbowas Trsbv.Farl ofterby.Henrw Dr dwell.
Sir Willi as Terr pie.
Til'oUon, Archbishop of Can
A 'drier and Jane,
Sir Fo' ert ?wjer.
The tard Keeper otrer,
William ItT, Mary II, and
Sir John l.owtber.
The ruciefs ef Marlborocgh.J hn, I ord Lovelace,
The Pole ef Mtnmouth,
Cmetty o' Rnren at th Siege
fir Jarre Palrynpla,
Lcrd Me.vil e,
T..e Marquis of Rnvfgny,
The D e of Vhomberg,
AvaricofM arlhoron gh.
Ken, Bishop nf Rath A Wei: a,
fir Jobn Trevor,
The Princess of Denmark
(Queen Anne) and her fa
Cha'les, Farl of Middleton,
Wiliam III at the battle of
Earl of Argyte,
J hn.Earl of Breadelbsne.
Anne BraregirUe and Lord William Anderon,
Mohun, Charles Montague,
Charles Blount, Thomas Wharton,
Dean Swift, Robei t Ilr!ay,Earl of Oxford
Henry Sidney, brother of Al- and Mortimtr,
gernon, Paul Foley,
Schotiberg, Elizabeth Tillelers,
Antonine. Count of Laesun, Death of Mary If,
The First Ministry of W l iam Policy of Maryborough after
III. tbedra'h of Mary,
Cnprp ilarlty of Wi'llam Ht, Robert fhrnock and hia Aa-
Popo'arity of Mary II. eompl'ce.
B irnet, Bishop of Paiisbcry, Marshall, the Duke of Til.
Tbe Count of Ava-ix. lores.
W. T. B. k IO. have a'so Just receive-!
CAN "ERRtT RT TALE'. Bv Harriet Le.
CANTEUBURT TAI E. Bv Sophia U.
TUB DATS OF MT LIPS: An Autobiography. By th
anther ef "Zldee.,
THE CONFIDENCE MAN: Th Masquerade. By Her
man Melsill .
THR POriPRAR PAPERS. By Curt ia.
BITNt AND M ATTVR Bv Sir BenJmin Prodle.
TACXN VTLt A ANDCOTTA1M. 1 vol.. Svo.
FOR and oa accnunt of the nrk and Master, In th
case of Henrv Crutrhr, admimstrarrir. Ac, vs T. II.
Cmtrher et als, in the thane rv Court at Hasbville. ty
virtne of a de-ree Iu said cacse, I will, on Ti-l'PPDsT,
the 7th of May next, on the premises, sell at public sale,
fortv-8 acres of LAND, in Dsvin.on eoootv, Teaoessee,
on tbe Wh;te's Crek Turnp;ke and on Cumberland River,
ad oining the la da of Or. Shelby. This trart will be sub
divided iO'o ami Per on is of fp ru tw te live -ere-, a mora
par lien ar d-'c'iplon of which will sppr In handbills
before th da of sale.
Tasaa - A credit of one, two and three years, for note
satisfartorilv ee red, bearing interest and a Ilea retained,
ale at 11 o'clock, A M.
A. T. 8. UNDSLFT.
X, K. Glascock, Auctioneer v aprs
The above ante is p-atpnned until FRiDAT, the 1 Stb
instant, at 11 o'clo k, A. M. May T.
FOR and on aeeoant of the Clerk snd Mas'er in th ease
of Marcus B Tontv bv Ac, rx parte, in tne Chancerw
Conrt at hanvllle, by virtue of a deere - in said oause, I
will, on THC SDAT. tb Ith of Mav Beat, en th premi
ses, sell at public sal. U-n acr s of LAN D, sitsated In low.
er Fdgeneld. ravidson county Tennessee, oa th A bite's
Creek Turnpike. It will re laid elf into lots, a plan of
whi h all be ru' lithed be'ore the dav of sale.
Tsaaa Twenty per e-nt Cash; balance ia one. two
and three years fr notes satisfactorily secured, bearina;
interest and a lien retained.
A. T. 8. LIND8LET.
I. R. GLAecoca, Auctioneer. a aprt
r os r p - e n r: t.
The above sale is postponed until FtUDAT. th ftflla
Instant, at II o'clock. A. M. May T.
LEA & PERKINS
of a Letter iron a 9
CONNOISSEURS f 1
TO BE T1IJ jf V
ONLY GOOD SAUCE, j
ASB APTUCABLS TO -i-r;
EVERT VARIETY 'jf.
0? WSIL ISS
T9 niS BROTHER,
Woacxjrr a MV, ISl:
'Tell LEA A PER
KINS thai ther 8 ITS
s hiihl eteeme in In
dia, and is, in my op! li
on, the moat palatable,
well as tbe most
hnlenm tfauce that ta
Th- only Meilal awsr 'ed by be Jury of the New Tork Ex
hibition f.ir Foreigi fniir.s. s obtained by LEA k FEK
RINS, fo - their WuRt'fTtKi'HIRE SAUCE thwa kt-wid
time of which having led Io numerous hui at'ena. pureha era
a' enrri t y requested to see that the names of ' LEA At
PERKINS1 are i.o ressed upon the ftottl aa I Stopper, and
printed upon the label
Sole Wholesale Agents for the Coiled States,
JOICT EUXCA3 S05S,
40i. llroiadsaMTs . V.
A stock always In stor. Also, orders received for direct
shipment from Engl ml ( May A, "37 ly sec p.
WORTH Of JEW AND raiSH rASHlOlASLZ,
STAPLS AND TASC?
inn ca-es of superior Boots aad Saoes, Hats, Caps,
AyiyJ I'm'-rellas and Paraiol.
1 HQ bol's ef all woul Iagrain and Cotton Carpeting,
IO Rags, Ac , o.
BY TRABUE & LTTCU3,
NO.74 Pt 1IL1CNQI AUE.
ITE will st, wlJioat reserre, on account af the owners
V snd all elh rs r overned,
OXTCKSDA TA XD WKDSZSlfA T, XA Y 1M 4 U
Th larreel an I beat stick ef MJe aod Fuiev Dry 6wds
Shoes. Boa's. BrgaRS,lUis,Cspi, Umbra) aa,Psrsswls: AH
w ioi Ingrain and Co' ton Carpuog, H-artb Rags. Hard
war, A, Ae , that we have ever bad the pieasar f oSve.
lae at aucboa klor ia tt.w citv Ti e oek of l'f t.wd
la all lew arid seasncaMa and of th mo I approval kinda.
Th hoes and Ho-u ar weW asaorted, mbraciD a fod as
sortment for He traJe of this country aad a a of very saw
per 'r q a iti s, coa UaJ t a by a lars pac-ing boa
rfeeflntai b num. Ta Carpe ar sect ta as bs a ksrrs
Pas' ery closing kxt la.a a a' v-ry supasie qaaHtiae, aad
the I. la t pattern'. H.r war-, Q leea.war aid lavoicof
H's wortb f the Sn. t e ethin -e en ired al aueUoa la
ha-hvilia. Al at ibe aeoe .o.s sr new m star. W
re.peritall mv t tty and oouiilry Jlf'nis u eaJ aad
lim n, the r'd o-a.Wos a she dasa of aaie.
L HK ail A RP. Erery dol.ra worth ot ibe abov goods
iaeaa-m'uad W aa wuAout lia esd widBesotd fegaxdkas
- A9 sa-s ae ever H a.b; aad aadr
MM, todays; av.r 4 aswan s Waaa wnl ba rivea log
apirovd aus p "! a ka- tssajv M. '
CITY CLO niLG STOltc,
Of 2irius; aud fcumiurr Goods.
tl ATLN'J lately rwAu! aad alargd war aabiishnisat,
I aa4 reoeii.ad a au-g aUust U aur Am-bsm satenarva
SPRIXO AND SUMMER GOODS. .
Ws eaa a.'i a ardsr r Cut king a Us aWtssA aotica
al p. aw that will sail aJ f .rehaisera. ,
Oar sicca of
llradf !Iade Clothing
la saw ssaiku Iwa fue wsieasa1! aaa mi wear, aa4
waaaaaaaatly B.ia aaa give twrl lailAolfS
taJaa-Alt.veaaa4. at- UUBA JtttJt. Agu
ri'SUOs! ah areiaaktad w as, wiU pleas eaas fcrward
A mwk. l..v'r a Mtbatasut. aa t awiaaa givw
a g-v isWHirun. If ifeia rcaa-at ia n ca aaid wua, (
.l B uakii.ua4 la p.t say ciaiaas lata the baada af aa
f&arf tor eBusetwaw
asa.-lw. M.8t.T.CHE, rW
4 T a sseatin of tha Di'eetors ii tha Tea saw s MaHaa
i rre iiiiuirai wnpaay, Baid tata UJ at
OflWw. a divi-lead of lWi-1 pe tr was d-iaral
uililiMKHid Ml it. (MM .11 noat-W tM baif W b
li;llaUs payasaat of tea Siva. aura IOW lha PM
t,-dUt to Ca ai.'A.v Wis is ox.
a,::-ist A. w mil, tta!r