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THE COLUMBIA IIEKALT): FRIDAY, FEBRUARY o, 1897.
Published by the Herald Publishing Co.
In the County 11.00.
Out of the County
Entered at the post-office at Columbia. Ten
nessee as second-class mail matter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
()si,v sixteen of the JK5 counties of
the state have made appropriations
to the Nashville Centennial, and yet
it is called a state affair.
Thk United States Henate has
passed the International Monetary
Conference bill. It is not worth
the paper it is printed on.
Col. Wm. A. Harris, the new
Senator from Kansas', to succeed Mr.
Peffer, is an ex Confederate soldier,
and an ex-Democrat, now a Popu
list. Conorkss has appropriated $ 12,000
to establish a fish hatchery at Erwin,
in Unicoi county, Tennessee. An
other piece of criminal extrava
gance. Wheat declined eight cents last
week. But of course that is all
right, so long as the credit and honor
of the country is maintained. Per
haps the famers will learn to work
this riddle by November 1900.
"Thocsaxds In absolute need of
the bare necessaries of life," is the
way the head lines read in some of
the Chicago dailies. "What has be
come of that overproduction of
wheat and corn we have been read
ing about In these same dailies? Is
now not a good time to get rid of it?
The failure of the Knoxville
Building & Loan Associations hit
Columbia around and about to the
tune of several thousand dollars.
Experience is a dear teacher. Here
after keep your money at home gen
tlemen, where you can know who is
handling It, and how it Is being
Lyman J. Gage, an erstwhile
Democrat, now a gold-bug, and the
President of one or more National
banks, will be Mr. McKlnley's Sec
retary of the Treasury. The ap
pointment will suit the class it was
Intended to please; as for the people,
they do not expect any relief from
this administration, and expecting
nothing they will not be disap
The Tennessee Senators are great
warriors when they stand before
dudes and cigarette smokers, but
when called upon to face the frown
of the whisky barons, they cower
and retreat, pell mell. It is doubt
less true, as ex-chairman Carroll
said, that "Tennessee Is the worse
governed state in the Union;" but
what Tennessee needs worse than
new laws, is MEN.
the Centennial people are now
trying to have the Centennial
grounds incorporated as the "Cen
tennial City," in order to avoid the
four mile law, and license the sell
ing of intoxicating drinks on the
grounds. This ought to put all the
temperance members against the
appropriation this crowd is asking
for. Doubtless tho next move they
make will be to decide to open the
grounds on Sunday.
Conurkss has by appropriation
expressed its purpose to build a
Federal prison somewhere in the
South, at an approximate cost of one
million dollars. Why not in Co
lumbin? The government prefers to
keep its possessions close together,
and already having the Arsenal here
might be persuasive argument in
locating the prison. It will cost
nothing to try at least. What enter
prising spirit will take the lead?
The American opposes the Rail
road Commission bill, and one of
the grounds of opposition is that the
bill creates four new offices, at an
aggregate salary of $9,000. The
American doubts if the State is able
to increase its salary account. But
the American thinks the State is
perfectly able to give $100,000 to the
Nashville Centennial. Is that con
sistent? Of course it is in the
American, the ever-to-be-relied up
on champion of the corporations
against the people.
When the blizzard struck Nash
ville the Nashville Relief Socie
ty were called upon to feed CIV
families; each family, it is esti
mated contained five persons
over 3,000 starving people in a city
with less than one hundred thou
sand population. About one in
every thirty. And this list does not
include those who have scant tables
all the time but had rather suffer
the pangs of hunger than to be fed
from tho haughty hand of charity.
Add this list to the other, and the
ratio would perhaps be nearer one in
three than one in thirty. And yet
we are told by the financial sages of
these modern times that this is an
era of overproduction of wheat and
corn and cattle.
LOW It A T K OF INTEREST.
The NashvilJJ Banner of a re
cent date contained the following:
"The improved condition of trade was
very clearly shown to the commercial
editor of the Hanner to-day. The in
cident also demonstrates the confidence
that has been restored in financial
circles since the recent political cam
paign. A wholesale house received a
telegram from a New York hanking
linn saying, 'We will takef (0,00(1 of your
paper at percent.'
"They received a similar offer by
mail from another Eastern hanking
firm, lioth offers were unsolicited, and
both were declined, collections having
so greatly improved that the firm is
not issuing any paper.
'"Three months ago,' said the mer
chant, 'we would have had trouble to
place our paper at K per cent., although
it was just as good then as it is now.'
'"Yours is not an individual in
stance?' "'N'ot at all, presumably. In fact, I
happen to know that other merchants
have been offered the same terms for
"'You mean to say, then, that the
commercial world is in much better
condition than during the presidential
" ' l es, sir ; in very much better con
dition.'" Admitting the above to be true
which is exercising a large amount
of faith, considering the source
then what does it show? Does it
show indeed "an improved condi
tion of trade?" or that "confidence
has been restored?"
Does it not rather show in New
York a plethoric of money? An
oversupply they are tempting coun
try merchants with at "between
season," "bargain counter" rates?
And why this surplus? Is it not
because the business of the country
is stagnant, labor idle, reducing the
usual and natural demand for
money? Is it not because these
money holders and would-be-money
lenders prefer to keep their surplus
practically idle, rather than Invest
it in anything while everything is
depreciating in value; while all
property except money is daily
going lower and lower and lower?
And why was the offer refused?
Was it not because this business
man preferred to stay close to the
shore? Was it not because he was
afraid to venture any enlargement
of his business, or risk any new in
vestment? In prosperous times did
any one ever hear of money going
a-beggin' in Nashville at 8 per
Indeed is the commercial editor
of the Banner easily gulled. This
offer and its refusal shows this; that
idle capital in idle hands, will pay a
better rate of interest than when
invested in depreciating property. .
It is certainly not the fault of the
Herald that some of its readers
cannot understand plain English.
We pay our school tax, and there
being no compulsory educationly
law in Tennessee, we can go no fur
ther. The Herald has never con
tended that the proposition of the
Columbia Water & Light Company
to furnish this city with 40 arc lights
for $4,000, or 50 arc lights for $4,800,
should have been accepted. The
Herald has never intimated such a
thing, and no intelligent, fair
minded man can honestly reach any
such conclusion from anything the
Herald has said. The Herald
has said that it was opposed to the
corporation of Columbia issuing
bonds to build an electric light
plant ; that we were opposed to any
fixed charge of this kind being added
to the already heavy fixed charges
against the tax payers of this city;
that if the Board could not make an
electric light contract at reasonable
and satisfactory rates, rather than
mortgage the property of the people
for this luxury, it would be better to
go back to the coal oil lamps, which,
by-the-way, gave us a more regular
and more reliable if not quite so
bright a light than we have been get
ting, or as we believe we will get
if the city undertakes to do its own
lighting. The Herald was the first
to suggest the idea of opening the
bids to the world, hoping some in
dividual, firm or corporation would
propose a contract reasonable in its
requirements. Our efforts since
then have opposed a bond issue un
der any circumstances. This course
we believe to be for the best interest
of the tax payers of Columbia, and
whether the Chairman of the Light
Committee likes it or not, is a mat
ter of supreme indifference to the
editor of the Herald.
That same old whiskey ring, with
headquarters at Nashville and
branch distilleries and retail depots
in all the towns of the State, still
owns and rules and rides the Ten
nessee Senate. They knocked the
Local Option bill out before its
friends realized the fight was on.
They had their cohorts cocked and
primed, and at the first pass sent
the bill to that Meep that knows no
waking. They were afraid of any
delay, afraid of all argument, afraid
to face a just, a righteous and a
purely Democratic measure; so they
waylaid it, and at the very first
opportunity, before its friends could
properly present its claims or focus
the attention of the country upon it,
they Jumped on it and murdered it
outright. And then the Nashville
press obligingly failed to publish
the names of the Senators voting
aye or nay. That is how the people
are betrayed by the men they honor.
Is Your Blood Right?
Had you thought of how important
a matter that is? If it is not right
you are in danger of In fripr
which may lead to serious results.
The blood is the fountain of life and
upon its condition depends the
ability of the system to thwart
disease. The liver is the great sewer
by which all impurities are elimi
nated. One bottle of Dr. Garwood's
Sarsaparilla will purify the blood
and render the liver active thus
eradicating the impurities that
rankle in the system and invite
disease. One box Garwood's nerve
and liver pills free with each bottle.
None genuine without the signature
of Garwood Medicine Company on
every bottle. Sold only by
RAINS, THE DRUGGIST.
Witch Kloth the great cleaner and
polisher is selling rapidly.
In his argument before the legis
lative committee the Director-General
of the Nashville Centennial es
timated that each visitor would
"spend $5 or more" while in Nash
ville. We agree witli him. And be
cause we do not wish to divert that
trade from Columbia and Maury
County merchants, is why we oppose
the scheme. Our patriotism does
not lie in that direction, and we are
glad to note that only 16 of the 90
counties of the state have been gull
ed by this patriotic gush. To what
extravagance the blarney of the
Centennial lobbyist will lead tho
legislature, we dare not prophesy.
In his message Gov. Taylor says,
"I find myself at the beginning of
my administration, threatened with
the dragon of a deficit." In the
same paper he says, "I recommend
that you make a generous appropria
tion" to the Centennial Exposition.
We suggest to the Governor that
he should encourage the solons to
be just in the payment of their
debts, before they are generous in
their appropriations to help Nash
ville out of the hole. His recom
mendations are not at all consistent,
and we are sorry he has allowed the
lobby ts persuade him from the
straight and narrow path. '
Dr. Talmage, the great preacher,
in one of his sermons has this to say
to subscribers who boycott newspa
pers for opinion sake : "Don't stop a
paper that you believe to be honest,
courageous and clean, simple be
cause its editor has written his own
sincere views instead of somebody's
else; for, if you do, you are putting a
premium on insincere journalism
and serving notice on an editor that
the way to succeed is to write what
will best please his readers instead
of what lie honestly believes to be
Senator Harris, who has been
dangerously ill, is rapidly improv
ing. It is feared, however, that he
will lose the eight of one eye.
H. Clay Evans has been sum
moned to Canton, and will probably
be offered something, but hardly a
CONSTIT UTIOX AL COX V E NT ION.
KeforiiiH Needed In the Administration
of Criminal Laws.
In the last two articles we have dis
cussed some of the reforms in the ad
ministration of our criminal law which
experience has pointed out as essential
to better government, and which justice
and economy urge upon us to adopt,
but which reforms cannot be aceom.
plished under tho provisions of our
In the first of these two articles wa
took up the general system as it is now
administered in our Circuit and Crim
inal Courts with their grand jury at
tachments, and urged that this entire
system be abolished, including the
grand Jury, and substitute in the place
of it a County Judge with criminal
jurisdiction, before whom persons
charged with crime could be prose
cuted on information without the use
less deliberations of a grand jury.
In the second, we urged the reduc
tion of the jury in all but capital cases,
from twelve to six jurors, which, for
many reasons therein assigned, we
thought amply sufficient for the ends
llefore leaving this subject of Con
stitutional reforms in the administra
tion of our criminal law, there are other
matters of some importance which I de
sire to bring to the attention of the peo
ple. Hut before doing so I would aain
beg my readers to understand that I
am dealing with those reforms, which
can only be effected by constitutional
amendment. There is no question but
what t lie Legislature can do much ami,
we are happy to note, it has given us
hope that it will do much to remedy
abuses, lessen burdens, and rectify
evils, which now consuui) the sub-
fit a ii c an. I jt i tt t h e li.rrina nf llinit..
'pie. Hut now is the tim-j t nourish
and perfect this reforming tendency.
Never before since the nation was
stirred to its depths by civil war have
the people of the State been so much
aroused on questions of State affairs.
They have been giving more serious
consideration to matters of State and
Federal government than ever before;
they have been studying tho evils
which beset us; they have been asking
one another what must be done to save
the people from the evils of bad govern
ment and from the weight of public
taxes. That the people over the State
were aroused in t lie last election to the
importance of these State mutters, is in
dicated by the action of county conven
tions adopting resolutions, instructing
their Representatives on various dif
ferent propositions, and for what meas
ures they must vote and work. So that
now, above all other times, is tho time
to reform our constitution, while the
people aie aroused to the evils of the
times, while they are in the humor for
reform, and while yet they are still
jealous of their rights and liberties. It is
a time of profound peace in state and na
tion. There is no organized lawlessness
or discontent in the State which would
endanger the election of calm, capable,
and just-minded men to deliberate upon
the changes in our fundamental law.
And while the people are thoroughly
aroused to the necessity of reforms, and
are deeply sensible of the fact that the
government is not as much "for the
people and by the people" as it should
be, yet there is no evidence of the ex
istence of violent passio ns and prejud
ices; so that, all things considered, the
present seems to be the most propitious
time that could he selected for this
great and important work.
Hut to recur to the subject in hand.
Our constitution provides, Art. VI.,
Sec. 2, that our Supreme Court shall be
held at Knoxville, Nashville and Jack
There are many reasons that might
be urged for the Supreme Court to sit
only at Nashville, but this change is so
generally desired that it seems hardly
necessary to offer any reason in support
of it. Every citizen has the right to
have his cause examined carefully and
thoroughly, and not only that, but, in
as much as tho formation of our un
written laws is in the hands of our Su
preme Court tho people of tho State
are deeply interested in the proper de
termination of the law of every case;
for whether or not one is individually
concerned in the particular case, tho
court's decision affects his rights and
property, livery facility should then
be offered our judges for the proper dis
charge of their duties, and every oppor
tunity should he given them for the
thorough investigation of questions of
law by furnishing them with a library
adequate for their purpose.
The State library is a very good one
and, of course, is located at Nashville
in the capitol. When the Supremo
Court is sitting at Nashville they, have
the use of this library, which is ample
for their purpose, but when at Knox
ville and Jackson they have no libraries
to resort to, and must depend upon such
books as they are able to haul around
with them. It is not only a humiliat
ing spectacle for State pride to see our
Supreme judges running around over
the State, carrying a few books with
them, but it is a matter of grave con
cern to the State that her judges have
not tho proper means to determine the
law. And then, in the matter of econo
my, the people are now paying the ex
penses, which are very considerable, of
three courts ; ono at Knoxville, one at
Nashville, and one at Jackson, whereas
if the Supreme Court was fixed at Nash
ville we would bo relieved of the burden
of the other two. Hut besides these
ample and sutlleient reasons for having
the Supreme Court iixed at Nashville;
there is another which is of equal im
portance to the State and to the citizen.
If our court whs held at Nashville tho
criminal docket could be called three
times a year, thus relieving the State
of tho great burden of Jail fees paid on
account of prisoners lying in Jail await
ing their trial in the Supreme Court.
For instance, tho Supreme Court holds
one term a year at Nashville for tho
counties of the middle division of Tenn
essee, beginning the first Monday in
December of each year. Persons
charged with crime who have been con
victed in the lower courts at terms sub
sequent to this December term will, if
they are unable to give bond, have to
lie in jail till the meeting of the Su
preme Court the following December a
year, and tho State pays tho cost;
whereas, if it was so that the criminal
docket could be called every four
months, the State and the defendant
would get justice in a more reasonable
time and at far less expense. The ex
cellence, economy, and justice of this
change are so manifest upon the mere
suggestion that it is needless to further
pursue the subject, except to repeat
that this change cannot be effected
without constitutional amendment
In the next paper we hope to con
clude that part of our subject which
pertains to the administration of crim
inal law. Sam Hoi.mxa
ItKSOLl TIOXS OF KESPECT.
To the Oiliest Living l'ast Grand
1 he following resolutions were
unanimously adopted by the Grand
Lodge of Masons at Nashville last
WiiKitKAs, V.rother A. M. Hughes,
our oldest living Past rand Master,
has been present at all the annual seS'
si'ms of this (irand Lodge for 44 years
since ls.7.! and is now detained at his
home in t'olumhia, Tennessee, by the
infirmities of age, he being in his Siith
year; Now', therefore,
.v it lli-xuh-ril, That we miss the dis
tinguished ami worthy brother from our
present deliberations; that we tender
him our heartfelt greetings, and direct
that these resolutions lie printed in our
proceedings and sent to lirolher
Hughes as a token or our high appre
ciation ot him ami or his lifelong servi
ces to Freemasonry in this (irand. Ju
Subscribe for the Herald.
(IVernon, Indon poster.
It was a lucky stock-taking for you :
We've learned something to your advantage. We
lind $10,000 worth of goods in our store more than
we ought to have. $10,000 worth of goods that need im
mediate distribution. There's one quick way to distribute
them: Take a third or a half, or even more off the piices.
; no case do ve overstate a quantity, a former price, or a
value. Read the list, and bear in mind that the list don't
tell all, nor half, for that matter. Stock-taking showed us
where we have to lose.
Here's an example. On last Saturday morning, we had
on hand 6772 pairs of Men's, Boys', Women's, Misses' and
Children's Shoes, not counting several thousands of pairs of
spring shoes now in and coming. That's too many.
So for Saturday, to-morrow, and Monday,
we've arranged these three lots:
One hundred and fifty pairs of Misses' and Boys' Shoes,
made of strong kid, grain leather and Kangaroo calf, sizes
from 11 to 2, prices have been from $1.25 to $2.00 the pair.
Aext Saturday and Monday you can pick from this lot at
85c the pair.
ONE HUNDRED PAIRS Ladies Fine Shoes, Krip-pendorf-Dittmann
and Drew Selby & Co.'s makes, $2.50
and $3.00 have been the prices on this lot. To-morrow,
Saturday and Monday, $1.95 the pair.
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTY PAIRS of Knp-
pendorf-Dittmann's and Drew Selby & Co.'s best Goodyear
welt, $3.50 shoes, Saturday and Monday, $2.25 the pair.
Six pieces ot fine French
wide (note the width), have been 75c the yard, Saturday
and Monday jjc the yard, and it won't be many moons un
till you'll be hunting just such serges as these for skirts and
suits, even if you have to pay 75c the yard for them, which
is more than likely. Better be forehanded now.
OUTINGS and DARK SATINES at 7c. Have been
ioc and I2c the yard and good value at that.
A four-leaf clover in the Annex.
MEN'S COLORED LAUNDERED SHIRTS, car
ried from last season, attached collars and cuffs. Best 50c
and 60c shirts we were able to get last season, Saturday
and Monday 23c each.
Last Monday the weather went axvry, but here's another
chance for those who did not brave the storm then.
FOR NEXT MONDAY,
TWENTY pieces best yard wide, ioc quality bleached do
mestic, next Monday 6 j-jc a yard.
ONE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED YARDS,
good yard wide unbleached domestic, sea Island finish, next
Monday, J i-2c the yard.
TWENTY y'QCzs linen Torchon Laces and Hamburg
Edgings, good ioc. and I2c values, bunched on one counter
for next Monday at Sc the yard.
DARK DRESS GINGHAMS that were ioc the yard,
next Monday, jc the yard.
LADIES' MISSED HANDKERCHIEFS, slightly
soiled from window display, were 20c and 25c each, next
Monday, ioc each.
If you see it in our ad it's so.
FilcKennon, Anderson & Foster.
Post Script Extra. Miss Watts, the celebrated fitter and
demonstrator of Her Majesty's Corset will be at our store
until Saturday evening only. All of our lady customers are
invited to call on her, and no obligation whatever to buy a
corset shall result from your call. , McK., A. & F.
FOUR leading makes of $1.00 and
$1.25 corsets that, for our own reasons,
we want to close out. W. B., Bortree's
Duplex, F. P., and two styles of Dr.
Warner's, 169 in the lot.
buy for a year or two's need.
Serge, alt navy blue, 50 inches