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THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, FEIJHUAHY 5, 1897.
DOBBINS & EWING. 1897
There nre no other wagons on the
market built like these. If you want
awam-we cau sell you.
Cook Stoves. Heating Stoves.
ou should see our line of stoves and get our prices, if you want
stock of Agate ware and tinware at prices never heard of before.
Barbed Wire, Smooth Wire, or Wire Shorts,
Builders' Hardware, Blacksmith and Carpenters Tools, Cross-cut Baws, Plow Gear, Blind Bridles Back
Bands, flames, Bark Collars. "
Oliver Chill Plows.
We have these plows both in wood and steel beams. Syracuse Hillside Plowe, Hamilton two-hor6eCorn
Planter, Wright's one-horse Planters, Aspinwall's Potato Planters. We sell for cash, and there is no
houe in Columbia that can sell goods as cheap as we do. Just give us a trial and see.
i Telephone 73..:
Agricultural and Liye
Items of Interest t farmers and
You can spoil your horee's temper
by losing your own.
The sky is durable, but it te the
most expensive roof one an have
.over farm animals.
He is not a good fanner whose
fields grow poorer every year in
stead of richer.
Don't waste time and effort trying
to grow crops not adapted to your
soil or climate.
If a horse is out of condition there
is a cause; find it. Has he been fed
irregularly or improperly, or are his
-teeth sharp or uneven?
It will pay someone to make a spe
cialty of raising and educating fami
ly. hdrses horses that are brainy,
level-headed and handsome.
A correspondent of the Aineriean
Sheep Breeder says that one Augora
goat with a small nock or sheep is a
better protection against dogs than
a lifirb v re fence. Thevrenuire no
feed, but little care, and will fight
log to the last.
There is no better way to break a
horse of shying than to stop him and
gently lead or drive him to the ob
ject of his fear each time, talking to
him pleasantly meanwhile. Whip
ping and harshness only increases
The New York experiment station
found that in tho case of five cows
the first pint of milk contained only
three per cent, of fat, while the last
pint contained (i.8.r per cent, and
the mixed milk from the whole
milking averaged 2.55 per cent.
llev. Ill II. Hicks predicted a dis
astrous drought in the southwest in
lS'.Ki, and the goods were delivered.
He now predicts a similar season for
lt(J7. For this aud other reasons
fanners should take every precau
tion to provide against drought, not
only the coming year, but for all
"Potash ix Aurktiithk," is
the title of a pamphlet, published
by the (jerman Kali Works, No Y,
Nassau Street, New York, N. Y.
This book is known to many of our
readers from its first edition, pub
lished u few years ago. The second
edition contains many valuable im
provents. The contents embody a
collection of results obtained with
fertilizers at our Experiment Sta
tions. It would appear from these
conclusions t hat many brands of fer
tilizers now on the market do not
contain as much potash as they
should for the production of the best
results. It would certainly pay
every farmer to write for a conv of
this book, which we understand is
However true the old saying that
"any fool can be a farmer," it is now
as certainly true that no fool can be
a good farmer. Any fool can be a
lawyer, too, but if he is destitute of
energy and good sense he soon goes
to the wall. Farms aro no more
properly asylums for human failures
than are law offices, dissecting rooms
or halls of commerce.
Neither in words nor numbers can
be told the work accomplished by
farm journals in uplifting the agri
culture of the country. Silently
their teaching falls into the soil, anil
we behold the harvest in the better
returns which are reaped aud gath
ered. They are enabling the farmer
to place the foundations of his
methods on the rock of correct prin
ciples. The dead plant is prepared for
feeding the growing plant through
the action of that which we denomi
nate ferments the same" low order
of plant life which raises bread or
ripens cream. There is much yet to
learn, but we know that each suc
cessive step is taken by a different
The present condition of our roads
and highways is an urgent appeal to
our better tf.ise. If any one will
travel for any distance from anv of
Uesjiij'-.-:--- - if vk ,r--.fcfc:i.:" : -
I" L k
our American towns or cities he will
not consider the subject debatable
whether or not our road laws need
readjusting to our changed condi
tions and our higher progress in
science and civilization.
Always avoid growing two straw
crops on the same land in succes
sion. Success demands a system in
rotation. He who thoroughly un
derstands his business would never
think of raising any cereal on land
where a similar crop had been grown
the year previous.
Sow crimson clover the last of Au
gust or the first of September, and
never seed it with fall grain, as it
matures too early. This clover is of
little value sown in the spring, and
it has proved a failure at this time
in whatever climate tried.
The time spent in turning under
weeds and other refuse will bring
back much more than its cost. Veg
etable matter is nature's fertilizer,
and all which can not be used to
jtfoou purpose in teecliug sliould De
l " "uuei . misisaiuio wuiuii
should have very few exceptions
An item of knowledge is not a
jewel in every one's possession, for
he who receives good advice must
he able to adjust it so that it will fit
his own latitude and conditions.
Kvery fanner must do a little think
ing for himself before endeavoring
to apply the wisdom of agricultural
teachers and writers.
With almost 100,000,000 acres de
voted to corn culture in the United
States, perhaps not one-fourth of the
stalks was last year converted into
cattle food. The waste is large
enough to support all the horses and
cows in the country, and yet m
many districts contiguous to the
corn belt thousands of cattle starve
to deatli every winter.
It requires but a small amount of
capital to get a start with sheep, and
in opening up a new farm they will
help materially to commence the in
come, consuming much which would
otherwise go to waste, both in the
pastures and in the stables.
Lambs are valuable property to
have in the fall. It kept growing
gradually through the winter by
careful, generous feeding, they will
double in value, or more, by spring.
Fat Iambs are always in good de
mand at that season of the year, and
at good prices.
It will be a stroke of enterprise if
a farmer will go about his region in
the late summe1- and buy half grown
lambs, whether in good tleshor poor,
if he is prepared to keep them cheap
ly. To feed and prepare these for
the early spring market is a profita
To keep the fleeces of your sheep
from clialf and grass seeds, have the
hay rucks for them resting on the
ground, that the sheep may eat from
the top or sides. Endeavor to fill
these always while the sheep are
away from them, and avoid the
fouling of the fleece.
For several reasons it is more d
sirable to have colts come in the fall
than in the spring. It is no little
item that they are not so worried bv
flies and boat. They seem to stand
the change better when weaned at
the spring of the grass than if taken
from their mothers in the autumn.
It is claimed that nothing polishes
a horse's coat, like an occasional feed
ot carrots, i ins nourisiung root is
line feed for horses, and it can be
easily and cheaply raised.
henever a horse is compelled to
wait for his feed he begins to fret
and this means a certain loss of
tb sh; therefore, always be punctual
at the stable. Then, he should be
kept clean for health's sake, and the
quarters pure, that he may live in a
No one ration is best in all condi
tions. The cost must always be con
sidered, for what will be best with
one Tanner will he too expensive
with another. Bather let him make
J ust received a large
up a ration best suited from what he
has, as a foundation.
On neither horses nor blue grass
does any state have a patent; both
will grow wherever the land is rich
enough. If you have plenty of oats,
clover and corn fodder, buyers will
come to you if you have a large se
lection of horses, whether the indi
vidual animal is better or not.
Beat three eggs into pure fruit
vinegar, and after about three days,
when the mixture is well together,
add a pound of strained honey. This
will be found an excellent remedy
for heaves. A tablesnoonful can ii
mixed with the meals three times a
It is better to keep stallions 'where
they can have free access to open
space, so that they can take exer
cise at will. Conflninir them and
rubbing them down continually with
brush and comb makes them 'irrita
ble, and is a prime cause of their be
otten farmers keep too many
horses. They are cheap, but it costs
to keep them for a year, whether
they be good animals or poor ones.
When a horse does not pay a fair
per cent, of profit on his keeping in
service, it follows that his cost must
be deducted from the general profits.
The dairy deserves success, in that
the enterprise is credited with re
taining nil the fertility of the soil on
the farm, furnishing skilled labor
for the people, and elfecting a sav
ing of freights upon riw products.
I no oieo interest must henceforth
rise or fall upon its merits only. I t
is interesting to note that the nues-
tion is now viewed from a purely
business point by the dairy interests
of the country.
By means of the separator is the
most cleanly way of removing the
cream. I t is taken at once from the
milk, and the bulk necessary to hold
and guard against destructive fer
ments is reduced at least seven-
1 he milk from ensilage fed cows
is been found to yield as much
cream and is as sweet and good as
that from cows fed upon summer
grass. A Uorchester man feeds rM
cows for nine and one-forth cents a
day by means of his silo, and finds
silage and cotton seed meal a Per
A s mi ply of succulent food for
cows is a necessity to economical
winter dairying. Farmers have
been accustomed to look to their
root crops to meet their require
ment, but certainly in ensilage we
appear at last to have found a better
and cheaper article.
Half the milk cows of the country
are continually cheating their
owners, and these owners are none
the wiser, because the cows are all
milked into one common pale, and
the composite product is all that the
owner has for determining the
worth of his herd. It is not p.)s-)ible
to locate defects, doing thus.
A man who keeps 70 cows and 400
hens says that the hens pay the
most profit in the end, as he feoJ.
them properly and has a stream of
eggs going to market all the winter,
when the demand is groat and the
Keep the droppings under the
roosts well cleaned up. There is no
better way of caring for them than
to mix them, either on tho fioor or
in the barrels after taking up, with
an equal quantity of dry sand or
road dust. They thu bocomo a
must valuable fertilizer.
When live fowls are to be shipped
do not make the coops so large as to
be hard to handle, lest they receive
rough usage from those who have to
handle them. Let them lie strong
enough to be secure, and light
enough to avoid heavy express
Chickens, like sheep, can not h
crowded together in large thicks
without breeding disease and be
coming an easy prey to prevailing
maladies. Keep them awake ami
the blood stirring by making them
hunt for their food, even if it must
be scattered among the litter.
Linseed meal is excellent for poul
try, containing the nitrogen which
is of a benefit to them. A spoonful
once a week is not ut of proportion,
and it will serve as a tonic to the
bowels as well as a food. It is not
intended as a daily food.
5one, feathers and shells contain
and demand phosphates, therefore
lime should be a factor in feeding.
To this end broken oyster shell is
valuable and easily got, usually.
Klements instrumental in the growth
of bone are more needful at times
Do not think it a waste of labor to
give the orchard attention before it
comes into years of bearing, for
during its early years of growth the
care is needed most. A well grown,
thrifty tree may survive a few years
of neglect, while the younger tree
would die of such treatment.
The horticulturist of the future
will bean entomologist. His knowl
edge of insects will enable him to
discriminate between insects bene
ficial to horticulture and the deadly
foes which wreck his hope of profit.
Science will help him to success.
He will know friend from foe.
It is an old but foolish practice to
plant the seeds of cucumbers,
melons and vegetables of this class
upon hills. Better plant them in
furrows below the level of the sur
face than above. They will retain
moisture better, and can be
irrigated if desired.
The larger the sugar beet the
smaller the ratio of sugar, for the
reason that large cells In over grown
beets thin down the sugar contents
with the moisture contained. The
practical sugar irrower tries for a
regulation size of from three-fourths
of a pound to a pound and a half.
Nursery trees dug before the leaves
have fallen have no commercial
value. After roots leave the ground
the leaves draw the moisture and
nutrition from tho trunk, and the
brandies exhaust it; and then a
great mistake is often made in
planting them on ground which is
too new and not properly prepared.
It used to be thought that an
orchardist should be a large raiser
of stock or buy large quantities of
stable manure in order to keep his
trees thriving; either this or feed
his sheep in the orchard ; but of late
the use of commercial fertilizer on
fruit trees is becoming very popular.
(iarwood's Sarapnrilla for the blood
guaranteed to cure. A. B. Bains.
NitiiHHiiMe ami Xi'wn, Odds mid
Wine and Otherwise.
The man who tlslies for minnows
never catches whales.
You can't tell the size of a man by
the noise he makes.
"Tommy," said the teacher, "what
is meant by nutritious food?"
"Something to eat that ain't got no
taste to it," replied Tommy.
Happy the man who early learns
tho wide chasm that lies between
his wishes and his power?. Goethe.
Penelope "I hear you nre en
gaged to Miss Dingbatts at last.1
Reginald "Yes; she refused me six
times, but I persevered." Penelope
"Then you were well shaken be
It is a great mistake for the young
to despise what the old have learned
by experience. Ram's Horn.
The longest word in the English
language that has yet engaged the
attention of Dr. Murray's great
dictionary is disproportionablcness,
with twenty-one letters; nearly an
Sobersides "I had an uncle who
knuw a week before the exact day
and hour he was to die." Wagstaif
"Who told him'." "The sherilf."
Trying to make tho world better
and doing nothing to destroy the
saloon is a good (bvil like trying to
kill a nake by pinching the end of
his tail. Rain's Horn.
For Infants and Children.
ilmilt tl nature
( 0LUMU1A MARKET REPORT.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Gamble
Gioeery Company aud R. Holding.
Sorghum, from wagon lsi ifl)
H.ilier 10i$ 16
Wool 4( 10
iiliseiu; 2 00(42 25
Mens 15 'M
Neese. . -&i
Spring Chickens 7(312
'ienr sides ,rSj 5)4
Hams 7(2 8
Crimson Clover 3 00
Blu Urass 75
Oieli trd Wrass 2 00
T'mothy 2 on
Rod Top 76
Grain and Hay.
Wheat !V)iii X
Corn. 22;i4 2."i
, C!ov( r, from wagon 'Mid :ih
Tim. !hv ,troni wagon. ....... 5C(i. (15
liHrd, from wagon "(i 6
Flour, per hli 4 .! 25
'Sinrr, granulated 5,'2 K',
I'nilee l."8 v'5
Meal, from mill 2"t 30
Hiivinsr this dny siii.'ut'Hiwl the Insolvency
of l In' lnti'or tii'orire Sliickanl (colored')
.ti-:himI. t his is In nol ify nil persons liolil
iiii! i-In i ins. iiiituiisl Kiiil I'sl.'itc to Ilk- tin-ill
with I lie Cleric of the County Court of
Mieiry County, duly nut hent ieuteil. m or
lii Tine I he lsi ii day of .1 uly, ls:i7. or I he Mime
will le forever burred, i'liis the lsth day
of .Inioiiiry, lv.iT. W.n. (iimiiiiN.
jnn-.' 4t Adininisl inlor.
Annua! Combination Sale.
will hold their sixth annual sale at South Side Park
the second week in April, to which entries will posi
MAR.CH 1.3 tlx, 1897.
WE want nothing but animals in condition, for the
sale ring. First-class business horses
will be in greater demand this spring than ever be
fore. Begin now to get your stock in condition.
For entry blanks and lurther information, i ddress
SHELTON &J3ALE, Columbia, Tenn.
Or JOHN P. 3UUAW, Jr., at A. W. Totter Livery Co.
1 t " r ; . I .,' Z
' i'"1""" "'''''' '"" 11 '
similating thcTood andRegula
Ung the Stomachs andDowels of
ncss and Rcst.Contains neither
S)nirn,Morphine nor Mineral.
ADcrfect Remedy for Constipa
tion., Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish
ticss and Loss OF SLEEP.
lac Simile Signature ot
EXACT COPrOF WRAPFEB.
HARRIS & COLE BROTHERS,
EOUGH and DUESSED LUMBER
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Also Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings,
WOOD delivered to all parts of the city.
MF" Good pnplnr logs and lumber wanted.
TKLKl'HONK No. lf.
"'F in i
Then, it takes only a look at our
goods and a quotation of our prices,
and the trade is closed, and you leave
our store a happy person, better off in
this world's goods by having traded
with us. W. J. OA "PTES
IS ON THE
Castorla li trat on In ona-slzs tottles onlv. II
111 not sold la balk, Don't allow anyon to tell
you anyttnng else on tne plea or promise that it
is "jtst as good" and "will answer every pur
pose." 3 gee that you get G-A-S-T-O-B-I-A.
and Dealers In
Cnll and see ua before buying elsewhere.
If so, you would
do well to wend vour
steps toward our
store, where you can
find anything in that
line you want.
North Main Street, Columbia, Tenn.